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T. DESTRO'Y. v. a. [destruo, Lat. de wasteful ; causing ruin and devastation; struire, French.]

that brings to destruction. a. To overturn a city; to raze a building

In ports and roads remote, to ruin.

Destructive fires among whole fleets we send. The Lord will destroy this city. Genesis.


One may think that the continuation of ex2. To lay waste; to make desolate.

istence, with a kind of resistance to any destruc-. Solyman sent his army, which burnt and dro froyed the country villages.


tive force, is the continuation of solidity. Locke.

2. With of 3. To kill,

He will put an end to so absurd a practica, A people, great and many, and tall as the

which makes our most refined diversions de Anakims; but the Lord destroyed them before

structive of all politeness.

Addison. them, and they succeeded them, and dwelt in

Both are defects equally destructive of true retheir stead.

Deuteronomy. ligion. T is safer to be that which we destroy,

Rogers. Than by destruction dwell in doubtful joy.

3. With to. şbakspeare.

In a firm building, even the cavities ought not The wise Providence hath placed a certain

to be filled with rubbish, which is of a perish

able kind, destructive to the strength. Dryden. antipathy between some animals and many in

Excess of cold, as well as heat, pains us; besects, whereby they delight in their destruction though they use them not as food: as the pea.

cause it is equally destructive to that temper which


is necessary to the preservation of life. cock destroys snakes and adders; the weasel, mice and rats; spiders, flies; and some sorts of DESTRUCTIVELY. adv. (from destruce fies destroy spiders.

Hale. tive.] Ruinously; mischievously ; with 4. To put an end to; to bring to nought. power to destroy. Do we not see that slothful, intemperate, and

What remains but to breathe out Moses's incontinent persons, destroy their bodies with dis

wish? O that men were not so destructively eases, their reputations with disgrace, and their


Decay of Piety. faculties with want?

Bentley. Destru'CTIVENESS. n. s. (fron destruce There will be as many sovereigns as fathers;

tive.] The quality of destroying or the mother too bath her title: which destroys the


ruining. sovereignty of one supreme monarch.'

The vice of professors exceeds the destructives Destro'YER, n. s. [from destroy.] The ness of the most hostile assaults, as intestine

person that destroys or lays waste; a treachery is more ruinous than foreignt violence. murderer.

Decay of Piety. It is said, that Assur both founded it and DESTRU'CTOR. n. s. [from destros.] Deruined it: it may be understood, that Assur the stroyer; consumer. founder was the son of Shem, and Assur the Helmont wittily calls fire the destructor, and destroyer was an Assyrian. Raleigh. the artificial death, of thiags.

Boyle. Triumph, to be styld great conquerors, Desud a'rion, n. s. [desudasia, Latin.) Patrons of mankind, gods, and sons of gods!

A profuse and inordinate sweating, from Destroyers rightlier callid, and slayers of men.


what cause soever. Yet, guildless too, this þrighe destroyer lives; DE'SUETUDE. n. s. [desuetudo, Lat.] CesAt random wounds, nor knows the wound she sation from being accustomed; discon. gives.

Pepe, tinuance of practice or habit. DESTRU'CTIBLE. adj. [from destruo, By the irruption of numerous arınies of bær. Lat.] Liable to destruction.

barous people, those countries were quickly

fallen off, with barbarism and desuetuds, from DESTRUCTIBI’LITY. n. s. [from destruc

their former civility and knowledge. Hale. tible.] Liableness to destruction.

We see in all things how deswetude does con. DesTRU'CTION. n. s. [destructio, Latin.] tract and narrow our faculties, so that we can 1. The act of destroying; subversion ; apprehend only those things wherein we are condemolition,

Government of the Tongue.

DE'SULTORY. 2. Murder ; massacre.

2 adj. [desultorius, Lat.] 'Tis wafer to be that which we destroy,

DESULTO'RIOUS. Roving from thing to Than by destruction dwell in doubtfuljoy. Shaks. thing; unsettled ; immethodical; una 3. The state of being destroyed ; ruin ; constant. Desultorious is not in use., murder suffered.

'T is not for a desultory thought to atone for s If that your moody discontented souls

lewd course of life; nor for any thing but the Do through the clouds behold this present hour, superinducing of a virtuous habit upon a vicious Even for revenge mock my destruction. Sheksp. one, to qualify an effectual conversion. When that which we immortal thought

L'Estrange. We saw so near destruction brought,

Let but the least trifle cross his way, and his We felt what you did then endure,

desultorious fancy presently takes the scent, leaves And tremble yet as not secure.

Waller. the unfinished and half-mangled notion, and 4. The cause of destruction; a destroyer;

skips away in pursuit of the new game. Norris.

Take my desultory thoughts in their native a depopulator : as, a consuming plague.

order, as they rise in my mind, without being The destruction that wasteth at noon-day.

reduced to rules, and marshalled according to

Feiton on the Clasticks, s. [In theology.] Eternal death.

To Desu'me, v. a. [desumo, Lat.] To Broad is the way that leadeth to destruction.


take from any thing; to borrow.

This pebble doch suppose, as pre-existent to it, DESTRU'CTIVE, adj. [destructivis, low

the more simple matter out of which it is de Latin.]

sumed, the heat and intuence of the sun, and

Hale. 1. That bag the quality of destroying ; she due preparation of the matter, VOL, I.

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To cleanse a sore ; to purge any part - Consider the part and habit of body, and wat

Sea salt preserves bodies, through which is

: They have left us relations suitable to those To DETECT. v. a. (detectus, Lat.]
of Ælian and Pliny, whence they desumed their 1. To discover ; to find out any crime or

Laws, if convenient and useful, are never the

artifice. worse though they be desumed and taken from

There's no true lover in the forest; else sigh the laws of other countries.


ing every minute, and groaning every hour, To DETA'CH. v. a. [detacher, Fr.]

would detect the ļazy foot of time as well as a

Shakipeare I To séparate ; to disengage; to part Though I should hold my peace, yet thou, from something;

Wouldst easily detect what I conceal

. Miltor. The heat takes along with it a sort of vegeta 2. To discover in general. tive and terrestrial matter, which it detaches from The utmost infinite ramifications and inosc the uppermost stratum.

Woodward, lations of all the several sorts of vessels may The several parts of it are detached one from easily be detected by glasses. Razi the other, and yet join again one cannot tell DETECTER. N. s. (from detect.) A dishow.

Pope. 2. To send out part of a greater body of

coverer ; one that finds out what an

other desires to hide. men on an expedition.,

Oh, heavens! that this treason were not; ar If ten men are in war with forty, and the lat.

not I the detecter.

Sbakipeare. ter detach only an equal number to the engage Hypocrisy has a secret hatred of its delicter; ment, what benefit do they receive from their

that which will bring it to a test which it cannot superiority?


pass. Det'A'CHMENT. 4. s. [from detach.] A DETE'CTION. 11. s. [from detect.] body of troops sent out from the main

1. Discovery of guilt or fraud, or any army.

other fault. The czar dispatched instructions to send out

Should I come to her with any detection in my detachments of his cavalry, to prevent the king of Sweden's joining his army.

hand, I could drive her then from the ward of
Tatler, her purity.

Besides materials, which are brute and blind,
Did not this work require a knowing mind,

That is a sign of the truc evangelical zeal

, and

note for the detection of its contrary: it should Who for the task should fit detachments chuse

abound more in the mild and good-natured f. From all the atoms?


fections, than in the vehement and wrathful TO DETA'IL. v.a. [detailler, Fr.] To

passions. relate particularly; to particularize; to

Detection of the incoherence of loose discourse display minutely and distinctly.

was wholly owing to the syllogistical form. Læk.. They will perceive the mistakes of these phi- 2. Discovery of any thing hidden. losophers; and be able to answer their argu

Not only the sea, but rivers and rains also, are ments, without my being obliged to detail them. instrumental to the detection of amber, and other


fossils, by washing away the earth and dirt that DETA'IL. n. si [detail, Fr.] A minute

concealed them. and particular account.

DETE'NTION. n. s. (from detair.) I chuse, rather than trouble the reader with a

Į. The act of keeping what belongs to detail here, to defer them to their proper place.

another. Woodward. How

goes I was unable to treat this part of my subject

ter'd more in detail, without becoming dry and redi

With clam'rous claims of debt, of broken bonis, ous.


And the detention of long since due debts; TO DETA’IN. v. a. [detineo, Laț.]

Sbakstcart. 1. To keep what belongs to another.

2. Confinement; restraint. Dętain not the wages of the hireling; for

This worketh by detention of the spirits, and every degree of detention of it beyond the time,

constipation of the tangible parts. is injustice and uncharitableness. Taylor. To DETE'R. v. a. (deterreo

, Lat.) To 2. To withhold ; to keep back. :

These doings sting him
So venomously, that burning shame detains him
From his Cordelia.

He has described the passion of Calypso, and

Deterråd by the inimitable majd. the indecent advances she made to detain him

Broome. 3. To restrain from departure:

Let us detain thee until we shall have made ready a kid.

vdges Had Orpheus sung it in the nether sphere, So much the hyron had pleas'd the tyrant's ear,

which can be made to them. The wife had been detain'd to keep her husband there.

Dryden, 4. To hold in custody. Deta'INDER. n. s. (from detain.] The name of a writ for holding one in cus

TO DETERGE. tody: DETAINER. n. s. [from detain.) He

that holds back any one's right ; he that detains any thing;

Judge of the obligation that lies upon all sorts of injurious persons; the sacrilegious, the de tainers of tithes, and cheaters of men's inheri



the world, that I am thus encoute


Against my honour ?

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from his country:


discourage by terrour; to fright from
any thing.
I never yet the tragick strain assay'd,

Many and potent enemies tempe and deter is
from our duty; yet our case is not hard, so kong
as we have a greater strength on our side.

Beauty or unbecomingness are of more force to draw or deter imitation, than any discourses

The ladies may not be deterred from corte
sponding with me by this method.

My own face deters me from my glass;
And Kneller only shews what Celia was Prie.

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V. a. (detergo, Latio.]

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from feculence or obstructions.
or diminish your simples as you design to deterre
or incarn.
passeth, from corruption; and it ddereck the
vessels, and keeps the fluids from putrefaciou


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DETERGENT. adj. [from deterge.] That DETERMIN A'TION. n. s. [from determin. bas the power of cleansing.

ate.] The food ought to be nourishing and detergent. 1. Absolute direction to a certain end.

Arbuthnot. When we voluntarily waste much of our lives, DETERIORA'TION. n. s. [from deterior, that remissness can by no means consist with a Lat.] The act of making any thing

constant determination of will or desire to the

Lacka. worse ; the state of growing worse.

greatest apparent good. DETE'RMENT. n. s. [from deter.] Cause

2. The result of deliberation; conclusion of discouragement; that by which one

formed; resolution taken. is deterred. A good word, but not

They have acquainted me with their déter.

tination ; which is to go home, and to trouble now used.

you no more.

Sbakspeare. This will not be thought a discouragement The proper acts of the intellect are intellecunto spirits, which endeavour to advantage na tion, deliberation, and determination or decision. ture by art; nor will the ill success of some be

Hale's Origin of Mankind. made a sufficient beterment unto others. Brown, It is much disputed by divines, concerning

These are not all the determents that opposed the power of man's will to good and evil in the my obeying you.

Boyle. state of innocence; and upon very nice and DETE'RMINABLE. adj. [from determine. ] dangerous precipices scand their determinations That may be certainly decided.

on either side.

South. Whether all plants have seeds, were more

Consult thy judgment, affections, and inclieasily determinable, if we could conclude con nations, and make thy determination upon every cerning harts-tongue, ferne, and some others. particular, and be always as suspicious of thya Brown's Vulgar Erreurs. self as possible.

Calamy. About this matter, which seems so easily de 3. Judicial decision. terminable by sense, accurate and sober, men He confined the knowledge of governing to widely disagree.

Boyle. justice and lenity, and to the specdy determinaT. DETERMINATE.

tion of civil and criminal causes.

Gulliver. miner, French.) To limit; to fix; to DETE'RMINATIVE, adj. [from determindetermine ; to terminate. Not in use. ate.] The fly-slow hours shall not determinate

1. That uncontrollably directs to a cerThe dateless limit of thy dear exile. Sbakspeare.

tain end. DETE'EMINATE. adj. [determinatiw, Lat.]

That individual action, which is justly punish1. Settled; definite; determined.

ed as sinful in us, cannot proceed from the speDemonstrations in numbers, if they are not cial influence and determinative power of a just more evident and exact than in extension, yet

Brambell against Hobbes. they are more general in their use, and deter

2.3. That makes a limitation. minate in their application.


If the term added to make up the complex To make all the planets move about the sun in circular orbs, there must be given to each, by

subject does not necessarily or constantly belong

to it, then it is determinative, and limits the a deierminute impulse, those present particular subject to a particular part of its extension; as, degrees of velocity which they now have, in pro

Every pious man shall be happy. Waits. portion to their distances from the sun, and to

the quantity of the solar matter. Bentley. DeterMIN A'TOR. 11. s. [from determin2. Established; settled by rule; positive. ate.] One who determines.

Scriptures are read before the time of divine They have recourse unto the great determinar service, and without either choice or stint ap tor of virginity, conceptions, fertility, and

poined by any determinate order. Hooker. inscrutable infirmities of the whole body. 3. Decisive ; conclusive.

Brown. l'th' progress of this business, T. DETERMINE. v. a. [determiner, Ir. Ere a determinate resolution, he, I mean the bishop, did require a respite. Shak.

determino, Lat.) 4. Fixed; resolute.

1. To fix; to settle. Like men disused in a long peace, inore deter

Is it concluded he shall be protector ?

Sidney. minate to do than skilful how to do.

-It is determin'd, not concluded yet;

But so it must be, if the king miscarry. Shakse. s. Resolved.

More particularly to determine the proper seiMy determinate voyage is mere extravagancy. son for grammar, I do not see how it can be


made a study but as an introduction to rhetoDETERMINATELY. adv. [from deter rick.

Locke. minate.]

2. To conclude; to fix ultimately. 1. Resdutely ; with fixed resolve.

Probability, in the nature of it, supposes that The queen obeyed the king's commandment, a thing may or may not be so, for any thing that full of raging agonies, and determinately bent yet appears, or is certainly determined, on the that she would seek all loving means to win

other side.

South. Zelmane.

Sidney. Milton's subject was still greater than Homer's In those errors they are so determinately set or Virgil's: it does not determine the fate of tled, that they pay unto falsity the whole sum single persons or nations, but of a whole species. of whatsoerer Love is owing unto God's truth.

Addisor. Hooker. Destruction hangs on every word we speak, . 2. Certainly; unchangeably.

On every thought; till the concluding stroke Think this with yourselves': that you have

Determines all, and closes our design. Addison. not the makng of things true or false; but that 3. To bound; to confine. the truth and existence of things is already fixed The knowledge of men hitherto hath been de and settled, ind that the principles of religion termined by the view or sight; so that whatsoare already either determinately true or false ever is invisible, either in respect of the tincbefore you think of them.

Tillotsoni ness of the body itself, or the smallness of the

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parts, or of the subtilty of the motion, is little DETE'RSION. R. s. [from detergo, Latin.]

The principium individuationis is existence

The act of cleansing a sore.
itself; which determines a being of any sort to a

I endeavoured detersier ; but the matter could

not be discharged.
particular time and place, incommunicable to
two beings of the same kind.

DETE'RSIVE. adj. [froin deterge.] Har.

No sooner have they climbed that hill, which

ing the power to cleanse.
thus determines their view at a distance, but a

DETE'RSIVE, n. s. An application that new prospect is opened.

Atterbury. has the power of cleansing wounds. 4. To adjust ; to limit; to define.

We frequently see simple ulcers aflicted with He that has settled in his mind determined sharp humours; which corrode them, and render ideas, with names affixed to them, will be able them painful sordid ulcers, if not timelyre to discern their differences one from another, lieved by detersives and lenients.

Witaan which is really distinguishing. Locke. TO DETE'ST, v. a. [detestor, Latin.) To s. To influence the choice.

hate; to abhor; to abominate.
You have the captives

Nigh thereto the ever-damned beast
Who were the opposites of this day's strife. Durst not approach; for he was deadly made,
We do require them of you, so to use them And all that life preserved did detest. F. Quem.
As we shall find their merits and our safety Glory grows guilty of detested crimes;
May equally determine.

Shakspeare. When for fame's sake, for praise, an outward
A man may suspend the act of his choice

from being determined for or against the thing We bend to that the working of the heart
proposed ill he has exaniined it. Locke.

As soon as the studious man's hunger and I've liv'd in such dishonour, that the gods
thirst makes him uneasy, he, whose will was Detest my baseness.


. never determined to any pursuit of good cheer, is, There is that naturally in the heart of man by the uncasiness of hunger and thirst, presently which abhors sin as sin, and consequently would

determined to eating and drinking. Locke. make him detest it both in himself and others too. 6. To resolve.

Jonathan knew that it was determined of his Who dares think one thing, and another tell, father to slay David,

1 Samuel My heart detests him as the gates of hell. People 7. To decide.

DETE'ST ABLE. adj, (from detest.) HaieI do not ask whether bodies so exist, that the ful; abhorred; abominable ; odious. motion of one cannot be without the motion of Beguil'd, divorcd, wrong’d, spighted, slain! another: to determine this either way is to beg Most detestable death,

Sbakspeare • the question for or against a vacuum.


He desired him to consider that both armies 8. To put an end to; to destroy.

consisted of christians, to whom nothing is more Now where is he, that will not stay so long

detestable than effusion of human blood. Hey.
Till sickness hath determinid me? Shakspåre. DETE'STABLY. adv. [from detestabile

Hatefully; abominably; odiously:
1. To conclude; to form a final conclu. It stands here stigmatized by the apostle 33

temper of mind rendering men so destably bad,
Eve! nov: 'expect great tidings, which perhaps

that the great enemy of mankind neither can Of us will soon determine, or impose

nor desires to make them worse. New laws to be observ'd.


DETESTAʼrid N. n. s. (from detest.] 2. To settle opinion.

1. Hatred ; abhorrence; abomination. It is indifferent to the matter in hand, which

Then only did misfortune make her see what way the learned shall determine of it. Locke.

she had done, especially finding in us rather de 3. To end ; to come to an end.

testation than pity.

They were apprehended; and, after convic-

2. It is sometimes used with for; but of
tion, the danger determined by their deaths.

seems more proper.

Hayward. The detutation you express
All pleasure springing from a gratified passion,

For vice in all its glitt'ring dress.

Soci as most of the pleasure of sin does, must needs

Our love of God will inspire us with a detit determine with that passion.


ation for sin, as what is of all things must cope 4. To make a decision.

trary to his divine nature.
She soon shall know of us

DETE'STER. 7. s. (from detest.) One that
How honourably and how kindly we

bates or abhors.
Determine for her.

Sbakspears. To DeTHRO'NE. V. a. (detroner, French; 5. To end consequentially.

Revolutions of state many times make way for new institutions and forms; and often deteror bringing in some conquest from abroad.

6. To resolve concerning any thing.

Now, noble peers, the cause why we are met
Is to determine of the coronation.

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de and thronus, Latin.) To dvest of regality; to throw down from the throne's to deprive of dignity. writ that lies against him, wło, having goods or chattels delivered him to keep, refuses to deliver then again.




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deterrer, French.] Discovery of any
thing by removal of the earth that hide's
it; the act of unburying,

This concerns the raising of new mountains,
deterrations, or the devolution of earth down upon
the valleys from the hills and higher grounds.


noise somewhat more forcble than the
ordinary crackling of salts in calcina

or aurum fulminans, or the like." It is
also used for that noise which happens
upon the mixture of Avids that fero

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ment with violence, as oil of turpen To consider an auther as the subject of oblotine with oil of vitriol, resembling the

: quy and detraction, we may observe with what explosion of gunpowder. Quincy.

pleasure a work is received by the invidious part A new coal is not to be cast on the nitre, till

of mankind, in which a writer falls short of himself.

Addison. the detonation occasioned by the former be either quite or almost altogether ended; unless it Derra'CTORY. adj. [from detract.] Dechance that the puffing matter do blow the coal denial of desert; derogatoo soon out of the crucible.

Boyle. tory: Sometimes with to; properly, from. TO DE'TONIZE: v.a. (from detono, Lat.] This is not only derogatory unto the wisdom To calcine with detonation. A chymi.

of God, who hath proposed the world unto pur cal term.

knowledge, and thereby the notion of himself ; Nineteen parts in twenty of detonized nitre is

but also detractory unto the intellect and sense of destroyed in eighteen days. Arbuthnot on dir.

man, expressedly disposed for that inquisition.

Brown. To DETO'RT. v. a. (detortus, of detorqueo, In mentioning the joys of heaven, I use the

Latin.) To wrest from the original im expressions I find less detractory from a theme port, meaning, or design.

above our praises.

Boyle. They have assumed what amounts to an in The detractory lye takes from a great man the fallibility in the private spirit; and have detorted reputation that justly belongs to him. Arbuthgot. texts of scripture to the sedition, disturbance, Detra'ctress. n. so (from detract.] 'A and destruction, of the civil government. Dryd. censorious woman. To DETRACT. v. a. [détractum, Lat. If any shall detract from a lady's character, detracter, French.]

unless she be absent, the said detractress shall be 1. To derogate; to take away by envy,

7 forthwith ordered to the lowest place of the

Addison. calumny, or censure, any thing from the reputation of another: with from.

DE'TRIMENT. n. s. (detrimentum, Lat.] Those were assistants in private: but not truse

Loss ; damage ; mischief; diminution ; ed to manage the affairs in publick; for that

barm. would detract from the honour of the principal

Difficult it must be for one christian church, ambassador.

Bacon. to abolish that which all had received and held No envy can detract from this: it will shine for the space of many ages, and that without in history; and, like swans, grow whiter the any detriment unto religion.

Hooker. longer it endures.


I can repair 2. To take away; to withdraw.

That detriment ; if such it be, to lose By the largeness of the cornices they hinder


Milton, both the light within, and likewise detract much

If your joint pow'r prevail, th' affairs of hell from the view of the front without. Wotton.

No detriment need fear; go, and be strong.

Milton. The multitude of partners does detract nothing from each private share, nor does the publick

There often fall out so many things to be done ness of it lessen propriety in it. Boyle.

on the sudden, that some of them must of neDETRACTÈR. 11. s. [from detract.] One

cessity be neglected for that whole year, which

is the greatest detriment to this whole mystery. that takes away another's reputation ;

Evelyn's Kalendar. one that impairs the honour of another Let a family burn but a candle a night less injuriously.

than the usual number, and they may take in I em right glad to be thus satisfied, in that I the Spectator without detriment to their private yet was never able till now to choke the mount affairs.

Addison. of such detracters with the certain knowledge of DETRIME'NTAL, adj. [from detriment.] their slanderous untruths. Spenser on Ireland.

Mischievous; harmful ; causing loss. Whether we are so entirely sure of their loy

Among all honorary rewards, which are nei. alty upon the present foot of government, as ther dangerous nor detrimental to the donor, I you may imagine, their detracters make a ques

remeinber none so remarkable as the titles which tion.

Swift. are bestowed by the emperor of China : these are Away the fair detracters went,

never given to any subject till the subject is And gave by turns their censures vent. Swift. dead.

Addison, Detra'ction. n. so [detractio, Latin ; Obstinacy in prejudices which are detrimental detraction, French.]

to our country, ought not to be mistaken for vir

tuous resolution and firmness of mind. Addison, Detraction, in the native importance of the word, signifies the withdrawing, or taking off Derri'TION. n. s. (detero, detritus, Lat.] from a thing; and, as it is applied to the repu The act of wearing away. Dict. tation, it denotes the impairing or lessening a

To DETRU'DE. v.a. [detrudo, Latin.] man in point of fame, rendering him less valued and esteemed by others, which is the final aim To thrust down ; to force into a lower of detraction.

Ayliff. place. I put myself to thy direction, and

Such as are detruded down to hell, Unspeak mine own detraction; here abjure Either for shame they still themselves retire, The taints and blames I laid upon myself,

Or, tied in chains, they in close prison dwell. For strangers to my nature. Sbakspeare,

Davies. Fame, that, her high birth to raise,

Philosophers are of opinion, that the souls of Seem'd erst so lavish and profuse,

men may, for their miscarriages, be detruded We may justly now accuse

into the bodies of beasts.

Locke. Of detraction from her praise.


At thy command the vernal sun awakes If detraction could invite us, discretion surely The torpid sap, detruded to the root would contain us from any derogatory intention. By wintry winds.

Thomson. Brown. To put a stop to the insults and detractions of To DETRU'NCATE. v.a. [detrunco, Lat. vain men, 1 resolved to enter into the examina To lop; to cut; to shorten by deprivaation.

Woodward, tion of parts.

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