« ZurückWeiter »
There are many
1. Destruction of inhabitants ; reduction
When absent, yet we conquer'd in his right;
Adam the while,
In mingling colours, or in placing light, Of choicest flow'rs a garland.
Dryden. Prevailing over fear and timorous doubt, DEŞI'R ABLE. adj. [from desire.]
Hath led me on, desirous to behold 1. That is to be wished with earnestness.
Once more thy rice.
Desi'rousLV. adv. [from desirous.] Ea. sagacity, will improve his mind toward acquiring gerly; with desire; with ardent wistes. this desirable amplitude and extent of thought. DESI'ROUSNESS. 1. s. [from desireur.)
Watts. Fulness of desire ; eagerness. He cannot but confess, that it is a thing the
Dict. most desirable to man, and most agreeable to
To DESI'ST. v. n. [desisto, Latin.] To the goodness of God, that he should send forth cease from any thing ; to stop: with his light and his truth by a special revelation of from. his will.
Desist: thou art discern'd, 7. Pleasing ; delightful.
And toil'st in vain; nor me in vain molest. She then let drop some expressions about an
Milter, agate snuff-box. I immediately took the hint,
who will not quit a project, and bought one; being unwilling to omit any though they find it pernicious or absurd; but thing that might make me desirable in her eyes.
will readily desist from it, when they are cca
Addison. vinced it is impracticable. Our own sex, our kindred, our houses, and Desi'stANCÉ. n. s. [from desist.] The our very names, seem to have something good act of desisting ; cessation. and desirable in them..
Men usually give freeliest where they have DESI'RE. . s. [desir, Fr. deseo, Ital. de not given before and make it hoth the motive siderium, Lat. ] Wish; eagerness to ob
and excuse of their desistance from giving any tain or enjoy.
more, that they have given already. Boyle Desire is the uneasiness a man finds in himself Desi'TIVE. adj. [desitus, Lat.), Ending ; upon the absence of any thing, whose present
concludent ; final. enjoyment carries the idea of delight with it. Inceptive and desitive propositions are of this
Locke. sort: 'The fogs vanish as the sun rises; but the Drink provokes, and unprovokes; it provokes
fogs have not yet begun to vanish, therefore the the desire, but it takes away the performance. sun is not yet risen.
Sbakspeare. DEŞK. n. s: (disch, a table, Dutch.] An Desire's the vast extent of human mind;
inclining table for the use of writers or It mounts above, and leaves poor hope behind.
readers, made commonly with a box or It is in a man's power only to observe what
repository under it. the ideas are that take their turns in his under
Tell her, in the desk standing; or else to direct the sort, and call in
That's cover'd o'er with Turkish tapestry such as he hath a desire or use of. Locke.
There is a purse of ducats. TO DESI'R E. v. a. [desirer, French ; de.
He is drawn leaning on a desk, with his Bible before him.
Walten's Angler. siderare, Latin.]
I have been obliged to leave unfinished in my 1. To wish ; to long for; to covet.
desk the heads of two essays.
Not the desk with silver nails,
Nor bureau of expence, 13. To express wishes; to appear to long.
Nor standish well japann'd, avails Jove bcheld it with a desiring look. Dryden.
To writing of good sense.
Saif 3. To ask; to intreat.
DESOLATE. adj. (desolatus, Latin.) Sir, I intreat you home with me to dinner. - humbiy do desire your grace of pardon:
I. Without inhabitants ; uninhabited. 'I must away this night.
Let us seek some desolate shade, and there
Sbakspeare. Bur since you take such int'rest in our woe,
Weep our sad bosoms empty: And Troy's disastrous end desire to know,
This hero appears at first in a desdete islands I will restrain my tcars, and briefly tell
sitting upon the side of the sea. What in our last and fatal night befell. Dryden.
2. Deprived of inhabitants ; laid waste. 4. To require ; to demand. Not in use. A doleful case desires a doleful song,
3. Solitary DESI'RER. 9, s. [from desire.] One that is eager of any thing ; a wisher.
To deprive of inhabitants; to lay waste; I will counterfeit the bewitchment of some
to make desert. popular man, and give it bountifully to the do
Sbakspeare. DESI'Rous. adj. [from desire.] Full of
deluge. desire ; eager; longing after ; wishing for.
And dog impatient bounding at the shot, The same piety which maketh them that are by justice, infia:nethevery way men of action DE'S LATELY. adv. [from desolate.) la with zeal to do good.
a desolate manner. Be not desirous of his dainties; for they are
DESOLA'TION. n. s. [from desolate.] Men are drowsy and desirous to sleep before the fit of an ague, and yawn and stretch. coni,
A c А
This city will be desolate, without an inhabito
The island of Atlantis was not swallowed by
What with your praises of the country, what DEŚPA'IRPUL, adi. [despair and full.) with your discourse of the lamentable desolation
Hopeless. Obsolete. thereof made by those Scots, you have filled me That sweet but sour despairful care. Sidney with a great compassion.
Other cries amongst the Irish savour of the Without her follows to myself and thee,
Scythian barbarism; as the lamentations of their Herself, the land, and piany a christian soul, Death, desolation, ruin, and decay.
Spenser: Sbaksp. DESPA'I RINGLY. adv. [from despairing.]
burials, with despairful outcries. 2. Gloominess; sadness; melancholy; des
In a manner betokening hopelesness or titution. That dwelling place is unnatural to mankind;
despondency. and then the terribleness of the continual motion,
He speaks severely and despairingly of our the desolation of the far being from comfort, the
Boyke. eye and the ear having ugly images before it,
T. DESPA'TCH. v. a. [depecher, Fr.] doth still vex the mind, even when it is best 1. To send away hastily: armed against it.
Sidney: Doctor Theodore Coleby, a sober man, I Then your hose should be ungartered, and dispatched immediately to Utrecht, to bring the every thing about you demonstrate a careless moxa, and learn the exact method of using it. desolation, Shakspeare.
Temple My desolation does begin to make
The good Æneas, whose paternal care
Sbakspeare. lülus' absence could no longer bear,
Despatch'd Achates to the ships in haste,
To give a glad relation of the past. brzden. The grim guards stand.
Thomson. 2. To send out of the world; to put to 3. A place wasted and forsaken.
death. How is Babylon become a desolation among
Edmund, I think, is gone, the nations !
In pity of his misery, to despatchbl DESPA'IR. n. s. [desespoir, French.) His knighted life. 1. Hopelesness; despondence; loss of hope. And the company shall stone them with stones,
Despair is the thought of the unattainableness and despatch them with their swords. Exek. of any good: wluch works differently in men's
Ir.coinbating, but two of you will fall; minds; sometimes producing uneasiness or pain,
And we resolve we will despatch you all." Dryd. sometimes rest and indolency.
Lecke. Despatch me quickly, I may death forgive; You had either never attempted this change,
I shall grow tender else, and wish to live. set on with hope; or never discovered it, stopt
Dryden, with despair.
3. To perform a business quickly : as, I Weare troubled on every side, yet not distress despatched my affairs, and ran hither. ed; we are perplexed, but not in despair. 2 Cor. Therefore cominanded he his chariot-man to
Wearied, forsaken, and pursued at last, drive without ceasing, and to despatch the jourAll safety in despair of safety plac'd,
ney, the judgment of God now following him. Courage he thence resumes ; resolv'd to bear
2 Mac, All their assaults, since 't is in vain to fear.
No sooner is one action despatched, which, by
Denbam, such a determination as the will, we are set upEqual their fame, unequal was their care; on, but another uneasiness is ready to set us on One lov'd with hope, one languish'd with despair. work.
Locke. Drydfi. 4. To conclude an affair with another. 2. That which causes despair ; that of What, are the brothers parted ? which there is no hope.
-They have despatch'd with Poinpey; he is Strangely visited people,
Shakspeare. All swoln and ulcerous, pitiful to che ere, Despatch. n. s. [from the verb.] The mere despair of surgery, he cures; 1. Hasty execution ; speedy performance. Hanging a golden stamp about their necks,
Affected despatch is one of the most dangerous Put on with holy prayers. Sbakspeare.
things to business that can be.
Bacon. 3. (In theology.) Loss of confidence in You'd see, could you hex inward motions the mercy of God.
watch, Are not all or most evangelical virtues and Feigning deloy, she wishes for desputeb; graces in danger of extremes? As there is, God Then to a woman's meaning would you look, knows, too often a defect on the one side, so Then read her backward.
Granite. there may be an excess on the other : may not The despatch of a good office is very often as hope in God, or godly sorrow, be perverted into
beneficial to the solicitor as the good citice itself. presumption or despair?? Spratt.
Adilison. To DESPA'IR. v. n. [despero, Latin.] To 2. Conduct; management. Obsolete. be without hope; to despond: with of
You shall F45 before a noun.
This night's great business into my despatch,
Which shall, to all our rights and days to Though thou drewest a sword at thy friend,
come, yet despeir not; for there may be a turning.
Sbakspeare. We commend the wit of the Chinese, who despair of making of gold, but are mad upon
3. Express ; hasty messenger or message: making of silver.
Baton. as, dispatches were sent away. Never despair of God's blessings here, or of his DESPA'TCHFUL. adj. [from despatch.)" reward hereafter; but go on as you have begun. Bent on haste; intent on speedy execu
tion of business. DESPA'Irer. n. s. [from despair.] One So saying, with dispateful looks in haste without hope.
She turns, on hospitable thoughts intent. He cheers the fearful, and commends the
Let one dispatchful bid some swain to lead And makes despairers hope for good success., A well fed bullock from the grassy mead.
As T! То
1. Malice; anger; malignity; malicious
With men these considerations are usuall: the
causes of despite, disdain, or aversion from others;
DESPERATE. adj. [desperatus, Lat.}
we most endeavour to please God were also i. Without hope.
sight so vile and despicable as men's disdainiak Since his exile she hath despis'd me most;
speech would inake it.
Hieter. Forsworn my company, and rail'd at me:
Their heads as low "That I am desperate of obtaining her.
Bow'd down in battle, sunk before the spears
Shals. 1. Without care of safety ; rash; precipi
Of despicable foes.
All th' carth he gave thee to possess and rule : tant ; fearless of danger.
No despicable gift
Not less ev'n in this despicable hero,
Than when my name shook Africk with afright,
And froze your hearts beneath your tonid zone.
All the quiet that could be expected from such
Sbakspeare. á reign, must be the result of absolute power He who goes on without any care or thought on the one hand, and a despicable slavery on the of reforming, such an one we vulgarly call a other.
Adliger. desperate person, and that sure is a most damn When men of rank and figure pass away their ing sin.
Hammond. lives in criminal pursuits and practices, they 3. Irretrievable; unsurmountable ; irre render themselves more vile and despicable than coverable.
any innocent man can be, whatever low station These debts
his fortune and birth have placed him in. for a mad man owes them. Sbakspeare.
In a part of Asia the sick, when their case DE'SPICABLENESS. 17. s. [from dessica. comes to be thought desperate, are carried out ble.] Meanness; vileness ; worthless. and laid on the earth, before they are dead, and Left there.
We consider the great disproportion between I am a man of desperate fortunes: that is, a
the infinity of the reward and the despicableacis man whose friends are dead; for I never aimed of our service.
Decay of Picy: at any other fortune than in friends.
DE'S PICABLY. adv. [from despicable.]
Pope to Swift. A. Mad; hotbrained ; furious.
Meanly ; sordidly; vilely. Were it not the part of a desperate physician
Here wanton Naples crowns the happy shore; to wish his friend dead, rather than to apply the
Nor vainly rich, por despicably poor: best endeavours of his skill for his recovery?
The town in soft soleninities delights,
And gentle poets to her arms invites. Aunds. 5. It is sometimes used in a sense nearly DESPISABLE, adı: [from despise.) Conludicrous, and only marks any bad qua
temptible ; despicable ; regarded with lity predominating in a high degree.
contempt. A word scarcely used but in Concluding all mere desp'rate sots and fools,
low conversation. That durst depart from Aristotle's rules. Pope.
I am obliged to you for taking notice of a DE'SPERATELY. adv. [from desperate.]
poor old distressed courtier, commonly the most 1. Furiously ; madly ; without attention
despisable thing in the world. Arbutórt to Popr. to safety or danger.
To DESPI'SE. v.a. Your eldest duughters have foredone then Skinner; despicio, Latin.] selves,
1. To scorn; to contemn; to slight; të And desp'rately are dead. Sbakspeare. disrespect. There migh: be somewhat in it, that he would
For, lo, I will make thee small among te not have done, or desired undone, when he
heathen, and despised among inen.
jer broke torth as desperately as before he had done
My sons their old unhappy sire despise, uncivilly. Breun's Vulgar Errours.
Spoil'd of his kingdom, and depriv'd of eyes, 2. In a great degree; violently : this sense is ludicrous.
2. In Shakspeare it seems once to signiy She fell desperately in love with him, and took
abhor, as from the Italian despettarz. a voyage into Sicily in pursuit of him.
Let not your ears despise my tongue for ever,
Addisch. DE'SPERATENESS. n. s. [from desperate.]
Which shall possess them with the heaviest sound
Tlüt eyer yet they heard. Madness; fury; precipitance.
DESPISER. 7. só (trom despise.] Co.nu The going on not only in terrours and amazement or conscience, but also boldly, hopinely,
Art thou thus bolden'd, mnan, by thy distress, confidently, in wilful habits of sin, is called a
Or else a rude despiser of good manners, desperateness also; and the niore bold thus, the That in civility thou seen'st so empty! mure desperate.
Hammond. DESPERATION. 11. s. [from desperate.]
Wisdom is commonly, at long running, just to Hopelesness; despair; despondency.
fied even of her despisers.
Thus the atheists, libertines, and despisers of
French.] all our industry, and we sin on because we have sinned.
Harmond. DE'SPICABLE. adj. [despicabilis, Latin.}
Contemptible ; vile; mean; sordid; worthless. It is applied equally to per
but with God they pass for reasons of our greater sons or things,
tenderness towards others. Our case were miserable, if that wherewith
[despiser, old French,
Goo. of Tanza: religion, usually pass under the name of free
. Espiji, Dutch; depii,
ness ; spleen; hatred.
2. Defiance; unsubdued opposition,
The life, thou gay'st me first, was lost and He waits, with hellish rancour imminetit, done;
To intercept thy way; or send thee back Till with thy warlike sword, despite of fate, Iespoil'd of innocence, of faith, of bliss. Miltot. To my determin’d time thou gav'st new date. He, pale as death, despoil'd of his array,
hto the queen's apartment takes his way: My life thou shalt command, but not my
Ev'n now thy aid
Philips. Know, I will serve the fair in thy despite. 2. To divest by any accident.
Dryden. These formed stones, despoiled of their shells, I have not quitted yet a victor's right;
and exposed upon the surface of the ground, in I'll make you happy in your own despite. time moulder
Woodward Dryden. 3 Simply to strip. Not in use. Say, would the tender creature, in despite
A groom gan despoil Of heat by day, and chilling dews by night, Of puissant arms, and laid in easy bed. Spenser, Its life maintain ?
DESPOLIA’TION. 1. s. [from despolio, Thou, with rebel insolence, didst dare To own and to protect that hoary ruffian;.
Lat.] The act of despoiling or stripAnd, in despite even of thy father's justice, ping.
To stir the factious rabble up to arms. Rorve. TÓ DESPO'ND. v. a. [despondeo, Lat.) 3. Act of malice; act of opposition. i. To despair; to lose hope; to become His punishment eternal misery,
hopeless or desperate. It would be all his solace and revenge,
It is every man's duty to labour in his calling, As a despite done against the Most High, and not to despordior any miscarriages or disapa
Thee once to gain companion of his woe. Milt. pointments that were not in his own power to To Despi'TE. v. a. (from the noun.] prevent.
L'Estrange. To vex; to offend; to disappoint; to There is no surer remedy for superstitious and give uneasiness to.
desponding weakness, than first to govern ourSaturn, with his wife Rhea, fled by night;
selves by the best improvement of that reason setting the town on fire, co despite Bacchus.
which providence has given us for a guide ; and Raleigh.
then, when we have done our own parts, to Despi’TEFUL. adj. [despite and full.]
commit all chearfully, for the rest, to the good
pleasure of heaven, with trust and resignation. Malicious; full of spleen; full of hate;
L'Estrange. malignant; mischievous: used both of
Physick is their bane: persons and things.
The learned leaches in despair depart, I, his despiteful Juno, sent him forth
And shake their heads, desponding of their art. From courtly friends with camping foes to live,
Dryden. Where death and danger dog the heels of worth
Others depress their own minds, despond at the
Shakspeari first difficulty; and conclude, that making any Preserve us from the hands of our despitefl progress in knowledge, farther than serves their and deadly enemies.
King Charls. ordinary business, is above their capacities. Meanwhile the heinous and despiteful act
Locke. Of Satan, done in Paradise, was known 2. [In theology.) To lose hope of the In heav'n.
mercy DESPITEFULLY. adv. (from despitefi]
He considers what is the natural tendency of
such a virtue, or such a vice: he is well apprized Maliciously; malignantly.
that the representation of some of these things Pray for them that despitefully use you and persecute you.
may convince the understanding, some may terDESPI'TEFULNESS, 1. s. [from despte
rify the conscience, some may allure the sloth.
ful, and some encourage the desponding mind. ful.] Malice; hate; malignity,
Watts. Let us examine him with despitefulness ind
DESPO'NDENCY. n. s. (from despondent.] torture, that we know his meekness, and pove his patience.
Despair ; hopelessness; desperation.
DESPO'NDENT. adj. [despondens, Latin.] DESPITEOUS. adj. [from despite.] Mali
Despairing; hopeless; without hope. cious; furious. Out of use.
It is well known, both from ancient and moThe knight of the red-cross, when hin he
dern experience, that the very boldest atheists, spied
out of their debauches and company, when they Spurring so hot with rage despiteous,
chance to be surprised with solitude or sickness, 'Gan fairly couch his spear. Fairy Qaed.
are the most suspicious, cimorous, and despondent Turning despiteous torture out of door.
wretches in the world.
Congregated thrushes, linnets, sit DespI'TEOUSLY. adv. (from despiteois.] On the dead tree, a dull despondent flock. In a furious manner. Not in use.
Thomsona The mortal steel despiteously entail'd
T. DESPO'NSATE. V. a. [desponso, Decp in their flesh, quite thro' the iron walls, Lat.) To betroth; to affiançe; to That a large purple stream adown their giam
unite by reciprocal promises of mar. beaux falls.
riage. TO DESPOI’L. v. a. [despolio, Lat.] DESPONSA'TION, n. s. [from desponsate.] 1. To rob; to deprive with of.
The act of betrothing persons to each Despoil'd of warlike arms, and knowen shield.
DE'SPOT. n. s. [Grd Torys.) An absolute Despoiled of your honour in your life. Shakse prince; one that governs with unlimite
ledge, are not left in so great destiletter than
The order of paying the debts of contra ut
the time of the delay, and the special dig
ed authority. This word is not in use, All altars flame; before each altar lies, except asapplied to some Dacian price: Drench'd in his gore, the destind sacribca
. as, the despot of Servia.
Dryas DESPOʻTICAL. adj. (from despot.] ab
2. To appoint to any use or purpose. DES'PO'TICK. solute in power ; in
Too thin blood strays into the immediately limited in authority; arbitrary; unc
subordinate vessels, which are destined to carry
humours secreted from the blood. Arbutted, countable.
3. To devote; to doom to punishment of God's universal law Gave to the man despotick power
misery: used absolutely. Over his female in due awe;
May heav'n around this destin'd head Nor from that right to part an hour,
The choicest of its curses shed. Priora Smile she or lowre.
Milon. 4. To fix unalterably. In all its directions of the inferior facultes,
The infernal judge's dreadful pou'r reason conveyed its suggestions with clearness,
From the dark urn shall throw thy deitir'd hoc. and enjoined them with power: it had the
Priser sions in perfect subjection; though its commad DESTINY. n. s. (destinée, French.] over them was but persuasive and political, yat 1. The power that spins the life, and de it bad the force of coactive and despotical. Sout. termines the fate, of living beings
We may see in a neighbouring governmerr Thou art neither like thy sire or dam; the ill consequences of having a despotick prince But like a foul mis-shapen stigmatick, for notwithstanding there is vast extent of land, Mark'd by the destinies to be avoided. Sbolig
. and many of them better than those of the Swis, and Grisons, the common people among the
2. Fate; invincible necessity.
He said, dear daughter, rightly may I rue latter are in a much better situation. Addison
The fall of famous children born of me; Patriots were forced to give way to the mad. But who can turn the stream of destiny, ness of the people, who were now wholly ben Or break the chain of strong necessity,
upon single and despotick slavery. Swift DESPO'TICALness. n. s. (from despoti.
Which fast is ty'd to Jose's eternal sear?
Fairy Ques cal.] Absolute authority.
How can hearts, not free, be tried whether DE'S POTISM. n. s. [despotisme, French ;
they serve from despot.] Absolute power.
Willing or no; who will but what they must TO DESPU’MATE. v. n. (despumo, Lat.]
By desting, and can no other chuse? To throw off parts in foam ; to froth;
Had thy great destiny but given thee skill
To know, at well as pow'r to act, her will. to work. DESPUMA'TION. n. s. [from despumate.]
Chance, or forceful destiny, The act of throwing off excrementi
Which forms in causes first whate'er shall be.
. tious parts in scum or foam. DESQUAMA’TION. *. s. [from squama,
3. Doom ; condition in future time. Lat.)
At the pit of Acheron The act of scaling foul bones. Met me i' th' morning; thither he A term of chirurgery.
Will come to know his desting. Shakopsara DESSEʻRT. n. s. (desserte, French.] The DE'STITUTE. adj. [destitutus
, Latin.) last course at an entertainment; the
i. Forsaken; abandoned: with of.. fruit or sweetmeats set on the table af.
To forsake the true God of beaven, is total ter the meat.
into all such evils upon the face of the earth, an To give thee all thy due, thou hast the art
men, either destitute of grace divine, may cap To make a supper with a fine dessert. Dryden.
mit, or unprotected from above, may endure
2 Abject; friendless.
, and To DE'STINATE. v.a. [destino, Lat.]
not despise their
prayer. To design for any particular end or
3 In want of. purpose.
* Take the destin'd way Birds are destinated to fly among the branches
To find the regions destitute of day. Drakat of trees and bushes.
Ray. DestinA'TION, n. s. [from destinate.]
that mankind has for liberty, than such a sze The purpose for which any thing is ap
destitute of . veyed to the members, being alınost infinite, and each of them drawn through so many meanders, it is wonderful that they should perform their
wanted : applied to persons. regular destinations without losing their way.
Glanville. There is a great variety of apprehensions and fancies of men, in the destination and applica.
tion of things to several ends and uses. Hale
Wherefore cease we then?
sions of friendship,
Da INCOE ease! facul
per mu It
DES: 1. T
Nothing can be a greater instance of the bor? mountain covered with people, and die Conrad nia of Rome, which lies in the same comes
Th 3. 1
The passages through which firies are con- Testirerion. 7. s. [from destitke
Want; the state in which something is
That destitution in food and clothing is saci
They which want furtherance unto kao