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DESPO'TICK, r. (from despot.] ib. 2. To appoint to any use or purpose:

ed authority. This word is not in use, All altars flame; before each altas lies, except as applied to some Dacian price: Drench'd in his gore, the destiz'd sacrita as, the despot of Servia.

Dra. . solute in power; in


subordinate vessels, which are limited in authority; arbitrary; unc humours secreted from the blood. Arttest countable.

3. To devote ; to doom to punishment or God's universal law Gave to the man despetick power

misery: used absolutely. Over his female in due awe;

May heav'n around this destisid head

The choicest of its curses shed.
Nor from that right to part an hour,
Smile she or lowre.


4. To fix unalterably. In all its directions of the inferior facultes,

The infernal judge's dreadful poser reason conveyed its suggestions with clearnıss,

From the dark urn shall throw thy derties' hor. and enjoined them with power: it had the pse sions in perfect subjection; though its comma d Destiny. n. s. (destinée, French.) over them was but persuasive and political, yat 1. The power that spins the life, and it bad the force of coactive and despotical. Sout. termines the fate, of living beings

We may see in a neighbouring government Thou art neither like thy sire or damu; the ill consequences of having a despotick prince But like a foul mis-shaped stigmatich, for notwithstanding there is vast extent of land, Mark'd by the destinies to be aroided shake and many of them better than those of the Swis

2. Bate; invincible necessity. and Grisons, the common people among the He said, dear daughter, rightly may I rue latter are in a much better situation. Addison

The fall of famous children bern of me; Patriots were forced to give way to the mad:

But who can turn the stream of d257149, ness of the people, who were now wholly bent

Or break the chain of strong nece siy, upon single and despotick slavery. Swift

Which fast is ty'd to Jove's eternal sea! DespoʻTICALNESS. n. s. (from despoti. cal.] Absolute authority.

How can hearts, not free, be tried wheeler DE'S POTISM. n. s. [despotisme, French;

they serve from despot.] Absolute power.

Willing or no; who will but what they . TO DESPU'MATE. v. n. (despumo, Lat.]

By destiny, and can no other chuse?

Had thiy great destiny but given the skill To throw off parts in foam ; to froth; To know, at well as pow'r to act, her vill.

to work DESPUMA’TION. n. s. [from despumate.]

Chance, or forceful destia, The act of throwing off excrementi.

Which forms in causes first whace'er stal be. tious parts in scum or foam.

Drzec DESQUAMA’TION. ». s. [from squama,

3. Doom ; condition in future time.

At the pit of Acheroa Lat.] The act of scaling foul bones.

Met me i' th' morning ; thither he A term of chirurgery.

Will come to know his desting. Skaties DESSEʻRT. n. s. (desserte, French.] The DE'STITUTE. adj. [destitutus, Latin.) last course at an entertainment; the

:, Forsaken; abandoned : with of fruit or sweetmeats set on the table af.

To forsake the true God of beaven, is tot ter the meat.

into all such evils upon the face of the earth. To give thee all thy due, thou hast the art men, either destitute of grace divine, mais To make a supper with a fine dessert. Dryden. mit, or unprotected from above, inay endure.

At your dessert bright pewter comes too late, When your first course was well serv'd up in 2 Abject ; friendless. plate.

King. He will regard the prayer of the destit TO DE'STINATE. v. a. (destino, Lat.) not despise their prayer.

To design for any particular end or 3 In want of. purpose.

Take the destin'd way Birds are destinated to fly among the branches

To find the regions destitute of day. of trees and bushes.


Nothing can be a greater instarice of the 13 DESTINA’TION. m. s. [from destinate.]

that mankind has for liberty, than such as

mountain covered with people, and cre C4 The purpose for which any thing is ap nia of Rome, which lies in the same como pointed; the ultimate design.

destitute of inhabitants. The passages through which spirits are con; IESTITUTION. n. s. [from destiste. veyed to the members, being alınost infinite, and each of them drawn through so many meanders,

Want; the state in which somethings it is wonderful that they should perform their

wanted : applied to persons. regular destinations without losing their way.

That destitution in food and cloadusg is

Glanville. an iinpediment, as, tilt it be remored, sudaro There is a great variety of apprehensions and not the mind of man to admit any other case fancies of men, in the destination and applica.

tion of things to several ends and uses. Hale They which want furtherance voto isso To DE'STINE. v. a. (destino, Latin.]

ledge, are not left in so great destis * 1. To doom ; to devote ; to appoint un.

justly any man should think the ordinary mez

of eternal life taken from them. alterably to any state or condition. The order of paying the debts of contrat ? Wherefore cease we chen?

restitution, is set down by the civi lan Say they who counsel war : we are decreed, kingdom : in destitution or want of such relos Réserv'd, and destin'd, to eternal woe;

We are to observe the necessity of the credit Whatever doing, what can we suffer more? the time of the delay, and the spring able to

Milton, tions of friendship.

T. DESTROY. v. a. (destruo, Lat. de wasteful; causing ruin and devastation ; struire, French.]

that brings to destruction. 2. To overturn a city; to raze a building

In ports and roads remote, to ruin.

Destructive fires among whole fleets we send. The Lord will destroy this city. Genesis.

Dryden, 2, To lay waste; to make desolate.

One may think that the continuation of ex

istence, with a kind of resistance to any destruco. Solyman sent his army, which burnt and de

tive force, is the continuation of solidity. Locke. stroyed the country villages.


2. With of 3. To kill.

He will put an end to so absurd a practica, A people, great and many, and tall as the

which makes our most retined diversions de Anakims; but the Lord destroyed them before

structive of all politeness.

Addison. them, and they succeeded them, and dwelt in

Both are defects equally destructive of true retheir stead.

Deuteronomy. T is safer to be that which we destroy,


Rogers. Than by destruction dwell in doubtful joy.

3. With to. şbakspeare.

In a firm building, even the cavities ought not The wise Providence hath placed a cercain

to be filled with rubbish, which is of a perish

able kind, destructive to the strength. Dryden. antipation between some animals and many in

Excess of cold, as well as heat, pains us; be. seeu, whereby hey delight in their destruction though they use new act as food: as the pea cause it is equally destructive to that temper which


is necessary to the preservation of life. cock deesroys snakes and adders; the weasel, mnies and rats; spiders, fies; and some sorts of DESTRU'CTIVELY. adv. (from destructhies destroy spiders.

Hale. live.] Ruinously; mischievously; with 4. To put an end to; to bring to nought. power to destroy.

Do we not see that slothful, intemperate, and What remains but to breathe out Moses's incontinent persons, destroy their bodies with dis wish? O that men were not so destructively cases, their reputations with disgrace, and their foolish!

Decay of Piety. faculties with want?

Bensley. Destru'CTIVENESS. n. s. (from destruc. There will be as many sovereigns as fathers ; tive.] The quality of destroying or the mother too hath her title: which destroys the

ruining. sovereignty of one supreme monarch. Locke.

The vice of professors exceeds the destructive." Destro'YER. n. s. [from destroy.] The

ness of the most hostile assaults, as intestine person that destroys or lays waste; a treachery is more ruinous than foreign violence. murderer.

Decay of Piety. "It is said, that Assur both founded it and DESTRU'CTOR. n. s. [from destroy.] Deruined it: it may be understood, that Assur the stroyer ; consumer. founder was the son of Shem, and Assur the Helmant wittily calls fire the destructor, and destroyer was an Assyrian. Raleigh. the artificial death, of things.

Boyle. Triumph, to be stylid great conquerors, DESUDAʼtion. n. s. [desudatio, Latin.) Patrons of mankind, gods, and sons of gods !

A profuse and inordinate sweating, from Destroyers rightlier callid, and slayers of men.


what cause soever. Yet, guiltless too, this bright destroyer lives; DE'SUETUDE. n. s. [desuetudo, Lat.] CesAt random wounds, nor knows the wound she sation from being accustomed; discongives.

Pepe tinuance of practice or habit. DESTRU'CTIBLE. adj. [from destruo, By the irruption of numerous armies of bere Lat.] Liable to destruction.

barous people, those countries were quickly

fallen off, with barbarism and desuetuds, froni DESTRUCTIBILITY. n. s. [from destruc

their former civility and knowiedze. Hale. tible.] Liableness to destruction.

We see in all things how desuetude does cone DESTRU'CTION. n. s. [destructio, Latin.] tract and narrow our faculties, so chat we can 1. The act of destroying; subversion; apprehend only those things wherein we are condemolition.


Government of the Tongus. 2. Murder ; massacre.

adj. [desultorius, Lat "T is safer to be that which we destroy,

DESULTO'RIOUS. S Roving from thing to Than by destruction dwell in doubtful joy. Sheks. thing; unsettled ; immethodical ; un3. The state of being destroyed; ruin ; constant. Desuitorious is not in use., murder suffered.

'T is not for a desultory thought to atone for a If that your moody discontented souls

lewd course of life; nor for any thing but the Do through the clouds behold this present hour, superinducing of a virtuous habit upon a vicious Even for revenge mock my destruction. Shaksp. one, to qualify an effectual conversion. When that which we immortal thought

L'Estrange. We saw so near destruction brought,

Let but the least trifle cross his way, and his We felt what you did then endure,

desultorious fancy presently takes the scent, leaves And tremble yet as not secure.

Waller. the unfinished and half-mangled notion, and The cause of destruction; a destroyer;

skips away in pursuit of the new game. Norris.

Take my desultory thoughts in their native a depopulator : as, a consuming plague.

order, as they rise in my mind, without being The destruction that wasteth at noon-day.

reduced to rules, and marshalled according to Psalms. art.

Felton on the Clastaks. S. [In theology.) Eternal death.

To Desu'me. v. a. [desumo, Lat.) To Broad is the way that leadech to destruction.


take from any thing; to borrow.

This pebble doth suppose, as pre-existent to it, DESTRUCTIVE. adj. [destructivus, low

the more simple matter out of which it is de Latin.]

sumed, the heat and indpence of the sun, and 1. That bas the quality of destroying ; the due preparation of the matter, Hale. VOL. I.

3 H

her purity.

They have left us relations suitable to those TO DETECT. v. a. (detectus, Lat.) of Ælian and Pliny, whence they desumed their 1. To discover; to find out any crime or narrations.


artifice. Laws, if convenient and useful, are never the worse though they be desumed and taken from

There's no true lover in the forest ; else sich the laws of other countries.


ing every minute, and groaning every hour, TO DETA'CH, 2. a. [detacher, Fr.]

would detect the lazy foot of time as well as a clock.

Shakespeare 1 To separate ; to disengage; to part Though I should hold my peace, yer thou from something;

Wouldst easily detect what I conceal. Milio The heat takes along with it a sort of vegeta- 2. To discover in general. tive and terrestrial matrer, which it detaches from The utmost infinite ramifications and inosco the uppermost stratum.

Woodward. lations of all the several sorts of vessels mer The several parts of it are detached one from easily be detected by glasses.

Raj the other, and yet join again one cannot tell DETE'CTER. n. s. (from detect.) A dis how,


coverer ; one that finds out what if3. To send out part of a greater body of

other desires to hide. men on an expedition.

Oh, heavens! that this treason were not; a If ten men are in war with forty, and the lat.

not I the detecter.

Stakspeart. ter detach only an equal number to the engage

Hypocrisy has a secret hatred of its detectar; ment, what benefit do they receive from their

that which will bring it to a test which it cant. superiority?

Der'a'CHMENT. n. s. [from detach.) A Dete'ction. n. s. [from detect.)


Dersy of Pity. body of troops sent out from the main

1. Discovery of guilt or fraud, or 205 army.

other fault. The czar dispatched instructions to send out

Should I come to her with any detertice in sy detachments of his cavalry, to prevent the king

hand, I could drive her then from the raid of of Sweden's joining his army. Tatler,

Sbakspeare Besides materials, which are brute and blind, Did not this work require a knowing mind,

That is a sign of the true evangelical zeal, de

note for the detection of its contrary: it should Who for the task should fit detachments chose

abound more in the mild and good-natured : From all the atoms?


fections, than in the vehement and read TO DETA'IL. v.a. [detailler, Fr.] To passions.

relate particularly ; to particularize; to Detestion of the incoherence of loose discourse display minutely and distinctly.

was wholly owing to the syllogistical form. Lat. They will perceive the mistakes of these phi- 2. Discovery of any thing hidden. losophers; and be able to answer their argu Not only the sea, but rivers and rains als), are ments, without my being obliged to detail them. instrumental to the detection of amber, and other

Cbeyne. fossils, by washing away the earth and dirt this Deta'll. n. s. [detail, Fr.] A minute concealed them. and particular account.

DETE'NTION. n. s. [from detain.] I chuse, rather than trouble the reader with a ļ. The act of keeping what belongs to detail here, to defer them to their proper place. another.

Woodward. How goes the world, that I am thus enco I was unable to treat this part of my subject

ter'd more in detail, without becoming dry and redi With clam'rous claims of debt, of broken boss,


And the detention of long since due debes, TO DETA’IN. v. a. [detineo, Lat.)

Against my honour? 1. To keep what belongs to another. 2. Confinement; restraint.

Dętain not the wages of the hireling; for This worketh by detention of the spirits, s. every degree of detention of it beyond the time, constipation of the tangible parts.

is injustice and uncharitableness. Taylor. To DETEʻR. V. a. (deterreo, Lat.) To 2. To withhold ; to keep back.. These doings sting him

discourage by terrour; to fright from So venomously, that burning shame detains bim any thing. From his Cordelia.


I never yet the tragick strain assay'd, He has described the passion of Calypso, and

Deterred by the inimitable maid. the indecent advances she made to detain him

Many and potent enemies tempt and let us from his country.


from our duty; yet our case is not hard, se king 3. To restrain from departure,

as we have a greater strength on our side. Let us detain thec until we shall have made ready a kid.

Judges. »

Beauty or unbecomingness are of more for Had Orpheus sung it in the nether sphere,

to draw or deter imitation, than any estesa So much the hymn had pleas'd the tyrant's ear,

which can be made to them. The wife had been detain'd to keep her husband

The ladies may not be deterred from comment there.

sponding with me by this method. Dryden.

My own face deters me from my glass; 4. To hold in custody, DETA'INDER. 1. s. (from detain.). The të DETERGE. v. a. [deterge, Latis]

And Kneller only shews what Celia was Prista name of a writ for holding one in custody.

To cleanse a sore ; to purge any party DETA’INER. n. s. [from detain.] He

from feculence or obstructions that bolds back any one's right; he

Consider the part and habit of body, and that detains any thing;

or diminish your simples as you desiga toate

or incarn. Judge of the obligation that lies upon all sorts of injurious perscos; the sacrilegious, the de

Sea salt preserves bodies, through which ?

passeth, from corruption, and it exerfetto teiners of tithes, and cheaters of men's inheri vessels, and keeps the fluids from putrefactice






DETERGENT. adj. [from deterge.] That DETERMIN A'TION. n. s. [from determine has the power of cleansing.

ate.] The food ought to be nourishing and detergent. 1. Absolute direction to a certain'end.

Arbutoret. When we voluntarily waste much of our lives, DETERIORA'TION. n. s. [from deterior, that remissness can by no means consist with a Lat.] The act of making any thing

constant determination of will or desire to the worse ; the state of growing worse.

greatest apparent goud.

Locka. DETE'RMENT. n. s. [from deter.] Cause

2. The result of deliberation; conclusion

formed; resolution taken. of discouragement; that by which one is deterred. A good word, but not

They have acquainted me with their deter.

mination ; which is to go home, and to trouble now used.

you no more.

Shakspeare. This will not be thought a discouragement The proper acts of the intellect are intellecunto spirits, which endeavour to advantage na tion, deliberation, and determination or decision. ture by art; nor will the ill success of some be

Hale's Origin of Mankind. made a sufficient neterment unto others. Brown. It is much disputed by divines, concerning

These are not all the determents that opposed the power of man's will to good and evil in the my obeying you.

Boyle. state of innocence; and upon very nice and DETEʻRMINABLE, adj. (from determine.] dangerous precipices stand their determinations That may be certainly decided.

on either side.

Soutb. Whether all plants have seeds, were more Consult thy judgment, affections, and inclieasily determinable, if we could conclude con

nations, and make thy determination upon every cerning harts-tougue, ferne, and some others. particular; and be always as suspicious of thyBrown's Vulgar Errours. self as possible.

Calamy. About this matter, which seems so easily de- 3. Judicial decision. terminable by sense, accurate and suber men He confined the knowledge of governing to widely disagree.

Boyle. justice and lenity, and to the speedy determinaTO DETERMINATE.


tion of civil and criminal causes. Gulliver. miner, French.) To limit; to fix; to DETERMINATIVE. adj. [from determine determine; to terminate. Not in use. ate.]

The fly-slow hours shall not determinate
The datéless limit of thy dear exile. Sbakspeare.

1. That uncontrollably directs to a cer

tain end. DETE'RMINATE. adj. (determinatu, Lat.]

That individual action, which is justly punish1. Settled ; definite; determined.

ed as sinful in us, cannot proceed from the speDemonstrations in numbers, if they are not cial influence and determinative power of a just more evident and exact than in extension, yet

Brumball agiinst Hobbes. they are more general in their use, and deter

2. That makes a limitation. minate in their application.


If the term added to make up the complex To make all the planets move about the sun

subject does not necessarily or constantly belong in circular orbs, there must be given to each, by

to it, then it is determinative, and limits the a determinate impulse, those present particular

subject to a particular part of its extension; as, degrees of velocity which they now have, in pro

Every pious inun shall be happy.

Waits. portion to their distances from the sun, and to

the quantity of the solar matter. 'Bentley. DETERMIN A’TOR. 17. s. [from determine 2. Established; settled by rule; positive. ate.] One who determines.

Scriptures are read before the time of divine They have recourse unto the great determinar service, and without either choice or stint ap tor of virginity, conceptions, fertility, and the

poined by any determinate order. Hooker. inscrutable intirmities of the whole body. 3. Decisive ; conclusive.

Brown. l'th' progress of this business,

TO DETE'RMINE. v. a. [determiner, Fr. Ere a determinate resolution, he, I mean the bishop, did require a respite. Shak.

determino, Lat.) 4. Fixed; resolute.

1. To fix; to settle. Like men disused in a long peace, inore deter

Is it concluded he shall be protector? minate to do than skilful how to do.

-It is determin'd, not concluded yet;

But so it must be, if the king miscarry. Sbaksp. 5. Resolved.

More particularly to determine the proper se 1My determinate voyage is mere extravagancy. son for grammar, I' do not see how it can be


made a study but as an introduction to rhetoDETERMINATELY. adv. [from deter rick.

Locke, minate.]

2. To conclude; to fix ultimately. 1. Resdutely; with fixed resolve.

Probability, in the nature of it, supposes that The queen obeyed the king's commandment, a thing may or may not be so, for any thing that full of aging agonies, and determinately bent yet appears, or is certainly determined, on the that she would seek all loving means to win other side.

South. Zelmane

Sidney. Milton's subject was still greater than Homer's In those errors they are so determinately set or Virgil's: it does not determine the fate of tied, that they pay unto falsity the whole sum single persons or nations, but of a whole species. of whatsoe'er fove is owing unto God's truth,

Adlisor. Hooker. Destruction hangs on every word we speak, 3. Certainly; unchangeably.

On every thought; till the concluding stroke Think this with yourselves: that you have

Determines all, and closes our design. Addison. not the makng of things true or false; but that 3. To bound; to confine. the truth and existence of things is already fixed The knowledge of men hitherto hath been de and settled, and that the principles of religion termined by the view or sight; so that whatsoare already either determinately true or false ever is invisible, either in respect of the tinebefore you think of them.

Tillotson, ness of the body itself, or the smallness of the

parts, or of the subtilty of the motion, is little DETE'RSION. R. s. [from deterga, Latin ! enquired

Bacon. The act of cleansing a sore. The principium individuationis is existence I endeavoured daersies; but the matter could itself; which determines a being of any sort to a not be discharged. particular time and place, incommunicable to DETERSIVE. adi. (from deterge.] Hasiwo beings of the same kind.

Locke. No sooner have they climbed that hill, which

ing the power to cleanse. thus determines their view at a distance, but a DETE'RSIVE. n. s. An application that new prospect is opened.

Atterbury. has the power of cleansing Founds. 4. To adjust ; to limit; to define.

We frequency see simple ulcers afsted with He that has settled in his mind determined sharp humours; which corrode thes, and resde ideas, with names affixed to them, will be able them painful sordid ulcers, if not amely ra to discern their differences one from another,

lieved by detersises and lenients. which is really distinguishing.

Locke. To DETE'ST, v. a. (detestor, Latin.) To s. To influence the choice.

hate ; to abhor; to abordinate. You have the captives

Nigh thereta the ever-damned beast Who were the opposites of this day's

strife. Durst not approach ; for be was deadly make, We do require them of you, so to use them And all that life preserved did detest. F. Jea As we shall find their merits and our safety Glory grows guilty of detested crimes; May equally determine. Sbakspeare. When for fame's sake, for praise, an out A man may suspend the act of his choice

part, from being determined for or against the thing We bend to that the working of the heart. proposed till he has examined it. Locke.

Sbabigeria As soon as the studious man's hunger and I've liv'd in such dishonour, that the gods thirst makes him uneasy, he, whose will was Detest my baseness.

Shekspeers never determined to any pursuit of good cheer, is, There is that naturally in the heart of by the uncasiness of hunger and thirst, presently which abhors sin 3s sin, and consequent would

determined to eating and drinking. Lockc. make him detest it both in himself and others to 6. To resolve. Jonathan knew that it was determined of his

Who dares think one thing, and another teil, father to slay David,

1 Samuel. My heart detests him as the gates of hell. Peit 7. To decide.

DETE'ST ABLE. adi, (from detest.) HateI do not ask whether bodies so exist, that the ful; abhorred; abominable ; odious motion of one cannot be without the motion of Beguild, divorcd, wrong'd, spighted, sleza! another: to determine this either way is to beg Most detestable death.

Sbaksteet che question for or against a vacuum. Locke, He desired him to consider that both arnia $. To put an end to; to destroy.

consisted of christians, to whom nothing is dat Now where is he, that will not stay so long

detestable than effusion of human blood. Hos Till sickness hath determin'd me! Sbakspeare. DETE'STABLY. adv. (from detestable! T. DETE'RMINE. v. n.

Hatefully; abominably; odiously. 1. To conclude; to form a final conclu. It stands here stigmatized by the apatk 3: sion.

temper of mind rendering men so da iskly tad,

that the great enemy of mankind neither can Eve! now expect great tidings, which perhaps Of us will soon determine, or impose

nor desires to make them worse. New laws to be observ'd.


DETĖSTA'TION. n. s. [from detest.] 2. To settle opinion.

1. Hatred ; abhorrence; abominatico. It is indifferent to the matter in hand, which

Then only did misfortune make her see it way the learned shall determine of it.

Locke. she had done, especially finding in us rater

testation than pity. 3. To end ; to come to an end. They were apprehended; and, after convic

2. It is sometimes used with for; but of tion, the danger determined by their deaths. seems more proper.


The detutation you express All pleasure springing from a gratified passion, For vice in all its glitt'ring dress. as most of the pleasure of sin does, must needs Our love of God will inspire us with a determine with that passion.

Sonib. ation for sin, as what is of all things mosco 4. To make a decision.

trary to his divine nature. She soon shall know of us

DETE'STER. n. s. (from detest. ] One that How honourably and how kindly we

hates or abhors. Determine for her.

Sbakspears. T. DETHRO'NE. 7. a. [detroner, French; $. To end consequentially.

de and thronus, Latin.) To dvest of Revolutions of state many times make way

regality ; to throw down from the for new institutions and forms; and often deter. mine in either setting up some tyranny at home,

throne to deprive of regal dişnity. or bringing in some conquest from abroad. DETI'NUE. 5. [detén, Frcicb.) A

Temple. writ that lies against him, wło, having 6. To resolve concerning any thing.

goods or chattels delivered him to Nove, noble peers, the cause why we are met

keep, refuses to deliver then again. Is to determine of the coronation. Sbakspeare,

Cour! DETERRA’TION. 1. so [de and terra, Lat. Detonation. m. s. (deton, Lat.) A deterrer, French.) Discovery of any

noise somewhat more forcble than the thing by removal of the earth that hides it; the act of unburying:

ordinary crackling of salts in calcinaThis concerns the raising of new mountains,

tion; as in the going off of the pelvis kterrations, or the devolution of earth down upon

or aurum fulminans, or the like.' It is the valleys from che hills and higher grounds.

also used for that noise which happes Woodward, upon the mixture of fuids that fee


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