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nour shall cause the officer or person for wilfully thrown away, or relinquished, whom he acts to lose his office.
by the owner,
To DERI'DE. V. a. [derideo, Lat.] To To DEQUANTITATE. v. a. (from de and laugh at; to mock; to turn to ridicule; quantitas, Latin.) To diminish the to scorn.
Before such presence to offend with quantity of.
the This we affirm of pure gold; for that which is
least unseemliness, we would be surely as loth as current, and passeth in scamp amongst us, by
they who most reprehend or deride what we do.
Hooker. reason of its allay, which is a proportion of sil* ver or copper mixed sherewith, is actually de
What shall be the portion of those who have
derided God's word, and made a mock of every, quantitated by fire, and possibly by frequent ex
thing that is sacred and religious ? Brorun's Vulgar Errours.
These sons, ye gods, who with flagitious pride Der. A term used in the beginning of Insule my darkness, and my groans deride. Pope.
names of places. It is generally to be Some, that adore Newton for his fiuxions, dederived from deon, a wild beast: unless
ride him for his religion.
Berkley. the place stands upon a river; for then
DERIDER. N. s. [from the verb.] it may rather be fetched from the, Bri
1. A mocker ; a scoffer. tish dur, i. e. water. Gibson's Camden.
Upon the wilful violation of oaths, execrable
blasphemies, and like contempts offered by deTo Dera'CINATE. v. a. (deraciner, Fr.] riders of religion, fearful tokens of divine re
venge have been known to follow. Hooker. 1. To pluck or tear up by the roots. Her fallow leas
2. A droll; a buffoon. The darnel, hemlock, ayd rank fumitory, DERI'SION. 1. s. (derisio, Latin.] Doth root upon; while that the culter rusts 1. The act of deriding or laughing at.
That should deracinate such savagery. Shaks. Are we grieved with the scorn and derision of 2. To abolish; to destroy; to extirpate. the profane? 'Thus was the blessed Jesus deT. DERA'IGN. I V. a. [diszationare, or
spised and rejected of men.
Vanity is the natural weakness of an ambitiT. DERAIN. dirationarı, Latin.) ous man, which exposes him to the secret scorn i. To prove; to justify.
and derision of those he converses with. Addis, When the parson of any church is disturbed 2. Contempt; scorn; a laugbingstock to demand tythes in the next parish by a writ of I am in derision daily; every one mocketh me. indicavit, the patron shall have a writ to demand
Feremiah. the advowson of the tythes being in demand: Thou makest us a reproach to our neighbours, and when it is deraigned, then shall the plea pass a scorn and a derision to them that are round in the court christian, as far forth as it is de
Psalms. raigned in the king's court.
Blount. Ensar'd, assaulted, overcome : led bound, 2. To disorder; to turn out of course. Thy foes derision, captive, poor, and blind; Dict. Into a dungeon thrust.
DERISIVE. adj. [from deride.] Mocking; DERA'INMENT. n. s. [from deraign.]
scotting: 1. The act of deraigning or proving.
O'er all the dome they quaff, they feast;
Derisive taunts were spread from guest to guest, 2. A disordering or turning out of course.
And each in jovial mood his mate address d. 3. A discharge of profession; a departure
Pope. out of religion.
Deri'sor Y. adj. [derisorius, Lat.] MockIn some places the substantive deraignment is
ing; ridiculing. used in the very literal signification with the
DERIVABLE, adj. [from derive.] Ato French disrayer, or desranger: that is, turning out of course, displacing, or setting out of order; tainable by right of descent or deriva
tion. as, deraiĝnment or departure out of religion, and deraignment or discharge of their profession, God has declared this the eternal rule and which is spoken of those religious men who for standard of all honour derivable upon men, that sook their orders and professions.
Blount. those who honour him shall be honoured by him. DERA'Y. n. s. (from desrayer, French, to
South. turn out of the right way.]
DERIVA'TION, n. s. (derivatie, Latin.] 1. Tumult; disorder; noise.
I. A draining of water; a turning of its
course. 2. Merriment; jollity; solemnity. Not
When the water began to swell, it would
every way discharge itself by any descents or To DERE. v.a. (derian, Sax.) To hurt.“
declivities of the ground; and these issues and Obsolete. Some think that in the ex.
derivations being once made, and supplied with ample it means daring.
new waters pushing them forwards, would conSo from immortal race he does proceed, tinue their course till they arrived at the sea, That mortal bands may not withstand his might; just as other rivers do.
Burnet. Dred for his derring doe, and bloody deed; 2. [In grammar.] The tracing of a word For all in blood and spoil is his delight. F. Queen, from its original. Dereliction, n. s. [derelictio, Latin.] Your lordship here seems to dislike my taking 1. The act of forsaking or leaving; aban notice that the derivation of the word Substance donment.
favours the idea we have of it; and your lord. 2. The state of being forsaken.
ship tells me, that very little weight is to be laid There is no other thing to be looked for, but
on it, on a bare grammatical etymology. Locke. she effects of God's most just displeasure; the 3. The transmission of any thing from it; withdrawing of grace, dereliction in this world, source.
and in the world to corne confusion. Hooker. As touching traditional communication, ani DE'RELICTS, n. s. pl. [In law,] Goods tradition of thosc truths that I call connatural
and engraven, I do not doubt but many of those truths have had the help of that derivation. Hale.
6. To spread; to diffuse gradually from 4. [In medicine.] The drawing of a
one place to another. humour from one part of the body to
The streams of the publick justice were de
rived into every part of the kingdom. Davies another. Derivation differs from revulsion only in the
7. [In grammar.] To trace a word from
its origin. measure of the distance, and the force of the medicines used: if we draw it to some very re
To Deri'VE. v. n. mote, or, it may be, contrary part, we call that
1. To come from ; to owe its origin to. revulsion; if only to some neighbouring place,
He that resists the power of Ptolemy, and by gentle means, we call it derivation.
Resists the pow'r of heav'n; for pow's front Wiseman.
heav'n 5. The thing deduced or derived. Not
Derives, and monarchs rule by gods appointed. used.
Prisr, Most of them are the genuine derivations of
2. To descend from. thë hypothesis they claim to. Glanville,
I am, my lord, as well deriv'd as he
As well possest:
DERI'VER. 1. s. [from derivé.] One that As it is a derivative perfection, so it is a distinct
draws or fetches, as from the source or kind of perfection from that which is in God.
Such a one makes a man not only a partaker DERIVATIVE. n. s. [from the adjective.]
of other men's sins, but also a deriver of the
whole intire guilt of them to himself. South The thing or word derived or 'taken
Dern. adj. [deann, Saxon.] from another.
1. Sad; solitary. For honour, sT is a derivative from me to mine,
2. Barbarous; cruel. Obsolete. And only that I stand for. Sbakspeare. DERNIE'R.ad;. Last. It is a mere French
The word Honestus originally and strictly signifies no more than creditable; and is but a
word, and used only in the following derivative from Honor, which signifies credit or
In the Imperial Chamber, the term for the DERI'VATIVELY. adv. [from deriva
prosecution of an appeal is not circumscribed by
the term of one or two years, as the law elsetive.] In a derivative manner.
where requires in the empire; this being the To DERIVE. v. a. (deriver, Fr. from de
dernier resort and supreme court of judicature. rivo, Latin.] I. To turn the course of water from its To DE'ROGATE. v. a. (derogo, Latin.] channel.
1. To do an act so far contrary to a law Company lessens the shame of vice by sharing
or custom, as to diminish its former er? it, and abates the torrent of a common odium by tent: distinguished from abrogat. deriving it into many channels.
By several contrary customs and stiles use? 2. To deduce; as from a root, from a here, many of those civil and canon laws are
Hali. cause, from a principle.
controuled and derogated. They endeavour to derive the varieties of co 2. To lessen the worth of any person or lours from the various proportion of the direct thing; to disparage, progress or motion of these globules to their cir TO DE'ROGATE, V. . cunivolution, or motion about their own centre.
I To detract; to 'essen reputation: with
• Boyle. Men derive their ideas of duration from their
fronr. Yetlection on the train of ideas they observé to
We should be injurious to virtue itself
, if we succeed one another in their own understand
dio derogati from them whom their industry ings.
hath made great.
Like. From these two causes of the laxity and ri
2. To degenerate; to act beneath one's gidity of the fibres, the methodists, an ancient set rank, or place, or birth. of physicians, derived all discases of human bc Is there no derogation in 't? dies with a great deal of reason; for the tuids do - You cannst derogate, my lord. Shalspeert.
rivve their qualities from the solids. Ariudut. 3. To cominunicate to another, as ivom
DE'ROGATE. adj. [from the verb.) De the origin and source.
graded; damaged; lessened in value.
into her womb convey sterility; Christ having Adam's nature as we have, but incorrupt, deriveth not nature, but incorruption,
Dry up in her the organs of increase, and thai immediately from his own person, unto,
And from her derogate body never spring all that belong unto him.
, 4. To receive by transmission.
DEROGATION. 1. s. (derogatio
, Latin.) This property secms rather to have been des
s. The act of weakening or restraining a rived from the pretorian soldiers. Decay of Picty.
former law or contract. The censers of these wretches, who, I am sure,
It was indeed but a wooing ambuissage, with could derive no sanctity to them from their own
good respects to entertain the king in good persons; yet upon this account, that they had been consecrated by the offering incense in thein; were, by God's special command, seques
Italians. tered from all common use.
South. 5. To communicate to by descent of blood.
Jaw; and it is also certain, that the scripture
, Besides the readiness of parts, an excellent
which allows of the will, is neither the direito disponition of mind is derived to your lordship
tion nor relaxation of that law. from the parents of two generations, to whom I have the honour to be known, Feltoria
affection; but nothing was done or handled to the deragation of the king's late tresty with the , That which enjoins the deed is certainly God's
2. A defamation ; detraction; the act of
lessenin, or taking away the honour of
What with your praises of the country, what DESPA'IRPUL.. adj. (despair and full. with your discourse of the lamentable desolation
Hopeless. Obsolete. thereof made by those Scots, you have filled me
That sweet but sour despairful care. Sidney with a great compassion.
Spenser. Other cries amongst the lish savour of the Without her follows to myself and thee,
Scythian barbarism; as the lamentations of their Herself, the land, and many a christian soul,
burials, with despairful outcries. Spenser: Death, desolation, ruin, and decay. Sbaksp. DESPA'I RINGLY.ndv. [from despairing.] 2. Gloominess; sadness; melancholy; des
In a manner betokening hopelesness or titution. That dwelling place is unnatural to mankind;
despondency. and then the terribleness of the continual motion,
He speaks severely and despairingly of our the desolation of the far being from comfort, the
Боуе. eye and the ear having ugly images before it,
T, DESPATCH. v. a. [depecher, Fr.) doth still vex the mind, even when it is best 1. To send a
away hastily. armed against it.
Sidney: Doctor Theodore Coleby, a sober mar, I Then your hose should be ungartered, and dispatched immediately to Utrecht, to bring the every thing about you demonstrate a careless moxa, and learn the exact method of using it. desolation. Shadspeare.
Temple My desolation does begin to make
The good Æneas, whose paternal care
Sbakspeare. lülus'absence could no longer bear,
Despatch'd Achates to the ships in haste,
To give a glad relation of the past.
Dryden, The grim guards stand.
Thomson. 2. To send out of the world ; to put to 3. A place wasted and forsaken.
death. How is Babylon become a desolation among
Edmund, I think, is gone, the nations!
Jer. In pity of his misery, to despatch DESPA'IR. 1. s. [desespoir, French.] His knighted life.
Shaéspeare. 1. Hopelesness; despondence; loss of hope. And the company shali stone them with stones,
Despair is the thought of the unattainableness and urspatch them with their swords. Ezek of any good: which works differently in men's lis coinbating, but two of you will fall; minds; sometimes producing uneasiness or pain,
And we resolve we will despatch you all. Dryd. sometimes rest and indolency.
Luke. Despatch me quickly, I may death forgive You had either never atcempted this change,
I shall grow tender else, and wish to live. set on with hope; or never discovered it, stopt
Dryden. with despair.
Sidney. 3. To perform a business quickly : as, I Weare troubled on every side, yet not distress despatched my affairs, and ran hither. ed; we are perplexed, but not in despair. 2 Cor. Therefore cominanded he his chariot-man to
Wearied, forsaken, and pursued at last, drive without ceasing, and to despatch the jour. All safety in despair of safety plac'd,
ney, the judgment of God now following him. Courage he thence resumes ; resolvid to bear
2 Mas. All their assaults, since 't is in vain to fear. No sooner is one action despatched, which, by
Denban. such a determination as the will, we are set upEqual their fame, unequal was their care ; on, but another uneasiness is ready to set us on One lov'd with hope, one languish'd with despair. work.
Locke, Drydı. 4. To conclude an affair with another. 2. That which causes despair ; that of What, are the brothers parted? which there is no hope.
-They have despatch'd with Ponapev; he is Strangely visited people,
Shakspeare. All swoln and ulcerous, pitiful to the eye, DESPATCH.n. s. [from the verb.) The mere despair of surgery, he cures; 1. Hasty execution ; speedy performance. Hanging a golden stamp about their necks,
Affected despatch is one of the most dangerous Put on with holy prayers. Shakspeare. things to business that can be.
Bacoa. 3. [In theology. ] Loss of confidence in You'd see, could you her inward motions the mercy of God.
watch, Are not all or most evangelical virtues and Feigning deløy, she wishes for de patet; graces in danger of extremes? As there is, God Then to a woman's me.zning would you look, knows, too often a defect on the one side, so Then read her backward.
Granville. there may be an excess on the other: may not The despatch of a good office is very often as hope in God, or godly sorrow, be perverted into beneficial to the solicitor as the good celice itself. presumption or despair?? Spratt.
Addison. 70 DESPA'IR. v. n. (despero, Latin.) To 2. Conduct; management. Obsolete. be without hope; to despond: with of
You shalt before a noun.
This night's great business into my despatch,
Which shall, co all our rights and days to Though thou drevest a sword at thy friend, yet despeir not; for there may be a turning.
Give solely sovereign stay and masterdam. We commend the wit of the Chinese, who
Stakspeare. despair of making of gold, but are mad upon 3. Express ; hasty messenger or message: making of silver.
Baton, as, despatches were sent away. Never despair of God's blessings here, or of his DESPATCHFUL. adi. [from despatch.) reward hereafter; but go on as you have begun. Bent on haste; intent on speedy execu
tion of business. DESPAIRER. n. s. [from despair.] One
So saying, with dipatel ful locks in haste without hope.
She turns, on hospitable shoughts intent. He cheers the fearful, and commends the bold,
Let cne dispate?ful bid some swain to lead And makes despairers hope for good success. A well fed bullock troin the C: asoy tocad.
DE SPERITE. adj. [desperatus, Lat.) we most endeavour to please God were al j. Without hope.
sight so vile and despicable as men's dadainte!
Hosti. Since his exile she hath despis'd me most;
speech would make it. Forsworn my company, and rail'd at me :
Their heads as low
Bow'd down in battle, sunk before the spears "That I am desperate of obtaining her. Shats.
Of despicable foes. 1. Without care of safety; rash; precipi
All th' earth he gave thee to possess and rule: tant ; fearless of danger.
No despicable gift.
Noc less ev'n in this despicable hero,
Dryer. Though he be grown so desperate to be honest, All the quiet that could be expected from st.ch And live a subject?
Shakspeare. a reign, must be the result of absoicte que He who goes on without any care or thought on the one hand, and a despicable slavery on th: of reforming, such an one we vulgarly call a other. desperate person, and that sure is a most damn When men of rank and figure pass away that ing sin.
Hammond. lives in criminal pursuits and practices, they 3. Irretrievable; unsurmountabie ; irre render themselves more vile and desgiebk cha coverable.
any innocent man can be, whatever los suta These debts may be well called desperate ones; his fortune and birth have placed him in. for a mad man owes them. Sbakspeare.
In a part of Asia the sick, when their case DE'SPICABLENESS. 17. s. [from delphia comes to be thought desperate, are carried out ble. ] Meanness; vileness ; worthlesse and laid on the earth, before they are dead, and left there.
We consider the great disproportioa kettua I am a man of desperate fortunes: that is, a
the infinity of the reward and the dispiata man whose friends are dead; for I never aimed
of our service.
Dass sj Pocoyo at any other fortune than in friends.'
DE'SPICABLY. adv. (from despuak]
Pope to Swift. Mad ; hotbrained ; furious.
Meanly ; sordidly; vilely. Were it not the part of a desperate physician
Here wanton Naples crowns the happy short; to wish his friend dead, rather than to apply the
Nor vainly rich, por despicably poor:
The town in soft soleninities delights, best endeavours of his skill for his recovery? Spenser's State of Ireland, Despi's a bit. adj. [from despise) Coma
And gentle poets to her arms invites. 4. 5. It is sometimes used in a sense nearly ludicrous, and only marks any bad qua
temptible ; despicable ; regarded with lity predominating in a high degree.
contempt. A word scarcely used but in
low conversation. Concluding all mere desp'rate sots and tools, That durst depart from Aristotle's rules. Pope.
I am obliged to you for taking notice i DE'SPERATELY. adv. (from desperate. )
poor old distressed courtier, commonly the most
despisable thing in the world. Arbuionit ta lex 1. Finiously ; madly ; without attention to safety or danger.
To DESPI'SE. v. a. (despiser, old Frenci, Your eldest daughters have foredone them Skinner ; despicio, Latin.] selves,
1. To scorn; to contemn; to slight; to And desp'rately arc dead. Sbakspeare. disrespect. There mich: be somewhat in it, that he would
For,"lo, I will make thee small among not have done, or desired undone, when he
heathen, and despised smong mnen. broke torth as desperately as before he had done My sous their old unhappy sire tripiste, uncivilly, Brown's Vulgar Errours.
Spoil'd of his kingdon, and depriv'd of eyes, 2. In a great degree; violently : this sense is ludicrous.
2. In Shakspeare it seems once to sigail Sire fell desperately in love with him, and took abhor, as from the Italian despettare. a voyage into Sicily in pursuit of him.
Let 11ct your ears despise my tongue for et Addison.
Whichtshall possess them with the heaviested DE'SPERATENESS. n. s. [from desperate.] That ever yet they heard. Madness; fury; precipitance.
DESPI'SER. ii. s. [from despise.] Code The going on not only in terrours and amaze teminer; scorner. ment of conscience, but also boldly, hopingly, Art thou thus bolden'd, inan, by thy disores, confidently, in wilful liabits of sin, is called a Or else a rude despiser of good manners, desperateness also; and the more bold thus, the That in civility thou seem'st so empey!, more desperate.
Havumond. DESPERATION. 11. s. [from desperate.] Wisdom is commonly, at long running. : llopelesness; despair; despondency.
fied even of her despisers. Gesoft Desperation
Thus the atheists, libertines, and demon Is all the policy, strength, and defence,
religion, usually pass under the name of free Tha Rome can make against them. ShatsA thinkers.
S. As long as we are guilty of any past sin, and DESPI'TE. n. so [spiji, Dutch; die have no promise of remission, whatever our French.] future care be, this desperation of success chills all our industry, and we sin on because we have
1. Malice; anger; malignity; maliciouse sinned.
ness ; spleen; hatred. DE'SPICABLE. adj. (despicabilis, Latin.]
Thou wretch! Mespite o'erwheln thee! Sasin
With men these considerations are usuallo ste Contemptible ; vile; mean ; sordid;
causes of despite, disdain, or aversion from cebu worthless. It is applied equally to per but with God they pass for reasons of our greater sons or things,
tenderness towards others Our case were miserable, if that wherewith 2. Defiance; unsubdued oppositia...
The life, thou gav'st me first, was lost and He waits, with hellish rancour imminent, done;
To intercept thy way; or send thee back
Sbakspeare. hto the queen's apartment takes his way.
Ev’n now thy aid
Dryden. These formed stones, despoiled of their shells, I have not quitted yet a victor's right;
and exposed upon the surface of the ground, in I'll make you happy in your own despite.
time moulder away.
A groom gan despoil
DESPOLIATION. ». s. (from despolio, Thou, with rebel insolence, didst dare To own and to protect that hoary ruffian;.
Lat.] The act of despoiling or stripAnd, in despite even of thy father's justice, ping.
To stir the factious rabble up to arms. Razre. TÓ DESPO'ND. v. a. [despondeo, Lat.) 3. Act of malice; act of opposition. 1. To despair; to lose hope ; to become His punishment eternal misery,
hopeless or desperate. It would be all his solace and revenge,
It is every man's duty to labour in his calling, As a despite done against the Most High,
and not to despond or any miscarriages or disapa Thce once to gain companion of his woe. Milt.
pointments that were not in his own power to To DESPI'TE. v. a. [from the noun.] prevent.
L'Estrange. To vex; to offend; to disappoint; to There is no surer remedy for superstitious and give uneasiness to.
desponding weakness, than first to govern ourSaturn, with his wife Rhea, fied by night;
selves by the best improvement of that reason setting the town on fire, to despite Bacchus.
which providence has given us for a guide ; and Raleigh.
then, when we have done our own parts, to DESPI'TEFUL. adj. [despite and full.]
commit all chearfuily, for the rest, to the good
pleasure of heaven, with trust and resignation. Malicious; full of spleen; full of hate;
L'Estrange. malignant; mischievous: used both of
Physick is their bane: persons and things.
The learned leaches in despair depart, 1, his despiteful Juno, sent him forth
And shake their heads, desponding of their art. From courtly friends with camping foes to live,
Dryden. Where death and danger dog the heels of worth Others depress their own minds, despond at the
Sbakspears first difficulty; and conclude, that making any Preserve us from the hands of our despitef! progress in knowledge, farther than serves their and deadly enemies.
King Charis. ordinary business, is above their capacities. Meanwhile the heinous and despiteful act
Locke. Of Satan, done in Paradise, was known 2. (In theology.] To lose hope of the In heav'n.
Milta. DESPI'TEFULLY, adv. (from despitefis.]
He considers what is the natural tendency of Maliciously; malignantly.
such a virtue, or such a vice: he is well apprized
that the representation of some of these things Pray for them that despitefully use you nd persecute you.
may convince the understanding, some may ter
rify the conscience, some may allure the slochDESPI'TEFULNESS. n. s. [from despte
ful, and some encourage the desponding mind. ful.] Malice; hate ; malignity.
Watts. Let us examine him with despitefulness ind
DESPO'NDENCY. n. s. [from despondent.] torture, that we know his meekness, and pove his parience.
Despair ; hopelessness; desperation.
DESPO'NDENT. adj. [despondens, Latin.] Despi'teous. adj. [from despite.) Mli
Despairing; hopeless; without hope. cious; furious. Out of use.
It is well known, both from ancient and moThe knight of the red-cross, when hit he
dern experience, that the very boldest atheists, spied
out of their debauches and company, when they Spurring so hot with rage despiteors,
chance to surprised with solitude or sickness, 'Gan fairly couch his spear. Fairy Quen.
are the most suspicious, timorous, and despondent Turning despiteous torture out of door.
wretches in the world.
Congregated thrushes, linnets, sit DespI'TEOUSLY. adv. (from despiteors.] On the dead iree, a dull despondent flock. In a furious manner. Not in use.
Tbomson, The mortal steel despiteously entail'd
T. DESPO'NSATE. v. a. [desponso, Deep in their flesh, quite thro' the iron walls, Lat.] To betroth; to affiançe; to That a large purple stream adown their giainbeaux falls.
unite by reciprocal promises of mar.
riage. TO DESPOI'L. v. a. [despolio, Lat.] DESPONSA'TION. n. s. [from desponsate.] I. To rob; to deprive with of.
The act of betrothing persons to each Despoil'd of warlike arms, and knowen shield.
DE'SPOT. 1. s. [6e570775.) An absolute Despoiled of your hunour in your life. Shaksa prince; one that governs with unlimita