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and engraven, I do not doubt but many of those 6. To spread; to diffuse gradually from truths have had ine help of that derivation. Haie.

one place to another. 4. in medicine.] The drawing of a The streams of the publick justice wees

humour from one part of the body to rived into every part of the kingdom. Desa another.

7. (In grammar.] To trace a word from Derivation differs from revulsion only in the its origin. measure of the distance, and the force of the

To DERI'VE. v. n. medicines used: if we draw it to some very re

1. To come from ; to owe its origin to. mote, or, it may he, contrary part, we call that revulsicn; if only to some neighbouring place,

He that resists the power of Proleer, and by gentle means, we call it derivation.

Resists the pow'r of bear'n; for post front Wiseman,

heav'n 5. The thing deduced or derived. Not

Derives, and monarchs rule by gods appointed.

Prise used.

2. To descend from. Most of them are the genuine d:rivations of

I am, my lord, as well derisi'd as he, the hypothesis they claim to. Glanville,

As well possest. DERIVATIVE. adj. (derivativus, Latin.] DERIVER. n. s. (from derive.] One that

Shakikrets Derived or taken from another.

draws or fetches, as from the source or As it is a derivative perfection, so it is a distinct kind of perfection from that which is in God.

principle. Halc.

Such a one makes a man not only a partaker

of other men's sins, but also a derivar of the DERIVATIVE. n. s. (from the adjective.]

whole intire guilt of them to himself. The thing or word derived or taken Dern.adj. Ideann, Saxon.) from another.

1. Sad; solitary. For honour, T is a derivative from me to mine,

2. Barbarous; cruel. Obsolete. And only that I stand for. Sbakspeare. DerNIE';. Last. It is a mere Fruch

The word Honestus originally and strictly word, and used only in the following signifies no more than creditable; and is but a derivative from Honor, which signifies credit or

phrase. honour.


In the Imperial Chamber, the term for the

prosecution of an appeal is not circumscribed by DERI'VATIVELY. adv. [from deriva

the term of one or two years, as the law else tive.] In a derivative manner.

where requires in the empire; this being the To DERIVE. v. a. (deriver, Fr. from de

dernier resort and supreme court of judicatur. rivo, Latin.) 1. To turn the course of water from its To De'ROGATE. v. a. (derogo, Latin.) channel.

1. To do an act so far contrary to a la Company lessens the shame of vice by sharing or custom, as to diminish its former a / it, and abates the torrent of a common odium by tent: distinguished from abrogat?. deriving it into many channels.

South. . By several contrary customs and stiles ugd 2. To deduce; as from a root, from a here, many of those civil and canou lay it cause, from a principle.

controuled and deregated. They endeavour to drive the varieties of co 2. To lessen the worth of any person or lours from the various proportion of the direct thing; to disparage. progress or motion of these globules to their cir- T. DEROGATE. v. n. cumvolution, or motion about their own centre.


1. To detract; to lessen reputation: vitá Neni derive their ideas of duration from their

from. reficetion on the train of ideas, they observe to

We should be injurious to virtue itself, f To succeed one another in their own understand

dio deropate from them whom their indist

hath made great. ings.

Liche. From these two causes of the laxity and xie 2. To degenerate; to act beneath one's gidity of the tibres, the methodists, an ancient set rank, or place, or birth. of physicians, derived all diseases of human bra Is there no derogation in 't ? dies with great deal of reason; for the Huids de - You cannot deregute, my lord. Sbaletters

rive their qualities from the solids. Arithmet De'ROGATĖ. adj. (from the verb.) Du3. To cominunicate to another, as inom

graded; damaged; lessened in value. the origin and source.

Into her womb convey sterility; Christ having Adam's nature as we have, but

Dry up in her the organs of increase, inerrupt, deriveth not nature, but incorruption,

And from her deregate body never sering and that immediately from his own person, upto. A babe to honour her! Shikipeare' X. .** all that belong unto him.


DEROGATION. n. s. (derogatis, Latur. 4. To receive by transmission.

1. The act of weakening or restraining a This property seems rather to have been der rived from the pretorian soldiers. Decay of Piety.

former law or contract. The censers of these wretches, who, I am sure,

It was indeed but a wosing amtsage, të could derive no sanctity to them from their own good respects to entertain the king in ço

affection; but nothing was done or baded persons; yet upon this account, that they had been consecrated by the offering incense in the derogation of the king's late treaty with the thein; were, by God's special command, seques


That which enjoins the deed is certainly Go gered from all common use.

Jaw; and it is also certain, that the scriptus 5. To communicate to by descent of blood. Besides the readiness of parts, an excellent

which allows of the will, is neither the dingen

tion nor relaxation of that law, disparition of mind is derived to your lordship fron the parents of two generations, to whom I 2. A defamation ; detriction; the air base the bonour to be known. Echtoni lessenip, or taking away the honour

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any person or thing. Sometimes with Why I, in this weak piping time of peace,

Have no delight to pass away the time, to, properly with from. Which, though never so necessary, they could

Unless to spy my shadow in the sun,

And descant on mine own deformity. Sbals. . not easily now admit, without some fear of deo

Com'st thou for this, vain boaster,to survey me; rogation from their credit; and therefore that

To descant on my strength, and give thy verdict? which once they had done, they became for ever

Milton. after resolute to maintain.


A virtuous man should be pleased to find peoe. So surely he is a very brave man, neither is that any thing which I speak to his derogation ;

ple descanting upon his actions; because, when for in that I said he is a mingled people, it is no

they are thoroughly canvassed and examined, they turn to his honour.

Addison. dispraise.

Spenser on Ireland. The wisest princes need not think it any di- To DESCE'ND. v. n. [descendo, Lat.] minution to their greatness, or derogation to their 1. To go downward ; to come from a sufficiency, to rely upon counsel. Bacon. higher place to a lower: to fall; to sink.

I say not this in derogation to Virgil, neither do The rain descended, and the foods came, and I contradict any thing which I have formerly the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and said in his just praise.

Dryden. it fell not, for it was founded upon a rock. None of these patriots will think it a deroga.

Mattbew. tion from their merit, to have it said, that they The brook that descended out of the mount. received many lights and advantages from their intimacy with my lord Somers. Addison. He cleft his head with one descending blow. DERO'GATIVE. adj. (derogativus, Lat.)

Dryden. Detracting ; lessening the honour of.

Foul with stains Not in use.

Of gushing torrents and descending rains. Addis, 'That spirits are corporeal, seems to me a con

O goddess! who, descending from the skies, ceit derogative to himself, and such as he should

Vouchsaf'd thy presence to my wond'ring eyes. rather labour to overthrow; yet thereby, he

Pope. establisheth the doctrine of lustrations, amulets,

2. To come down, in a popular sense, imand charms Brown's Vulgar Errours. plying only an arrival at one place from DERO'GATORILY, adv. [from deroga

another. tor;.] In a detracting manner. Dict.

He shall descend into battle, and perish. 1 Sam. DERO'GA TORINESS. n. s. [from deroga. 3. To come suddenly or violently; to fall

tory.] The act of derogating. Dict. upon as from an eminence. DerO'GATORY. adj. (derogatorius, Lat.)

For the pious sire preserve the son;

His wish'd return with happy pow'r befriend, Detractious; that lessens the honour

And on the suitors let thy wrath descend. Popes of; dishonourable.

4. To go down, in a figurative sense. They live and die in their absurdities; passing

He, with honest meditations fed, their days in perverted apprehensions and con Into himself descended.

Milion, ceptions of the world, derogatory unto God, and the wisdom of the creation.


5. To make an invasion.

The goddess gives th'alarm; and soon is known These deputed beings are derogatory from the wisdom and power of the Author of Nature;

The Grecian fleet descending on the town, Dry.

A foreign son upon the shore descends, who doubtless can govern this machine he could

Whose martial fame from pole to pole extends. create, by more direct and easy methods than employing these subservient divinities. Cbryne.

Dryden. DE'RVIS. n. s. (dervis, French.] 'A 6. To proceed as from an original; to be

derived from. Turkish priest, or monk. Even there, where Christ vouchsaf'd to teach,

Despair descends from a mean original; the Their dervises dare an impostor preach. Sandys.

offspring of fear, laziness, and impatience. Thc dervis at first made some scruple of vio.

Collier against Despair. Jating his promise to the dying brachman; but

Will is younger brother to a baronet, and detold him, at last, that he could conceal nothing

scended of the ancient family of the Wimbles.

Addison. from so excellent a prince. Spectator. DE’SCANT, n. s. (discanto, Italiani. ]


To fall in order of inheritance to a 1. A song or tune composed in parts.

successour. Nay, now you are too Mat,

Should we allow that all the property, all the And mar the concord with too harsh a descant,

estate, of the father oughi to descend to the eldest Sbakspeare.

son; yet the father's natural dominion, the The wakeful nightingale


power, cannot descend unto him by inheritance.

Locke. All night long her amorous descant sung. Milt.

The inheritance of both rule over men, and 2. A discourse; a disputation; a disquisi

property in things, prung from the same origition branched out into several divisions

nal, and were to discend' by the same rules. Locke. or heads. It is commonly used as a Our author provides for the descending and word of censure or contempt.

conveyance dorn of Adam's monarchical power Look you get a prayer-book in your hand, to posterity, by the inheritance of his heir, sucAnd stand between two churchmen, good my

ceeding to his father's authority. Locke. lord;

8. To extend a discourse from general to For on that ground I 'll build a holy desrant. particular considerations.

Sbakspeare. Congregations discerned the small accord that Kindness would supplant our unkind reporte was among themselves, when they deserted to ings, and severe descants upon our brethren.


De: y Pitbyen Government of the Tongue. TO DESCE'ND.2, a. To walk downward T. DE'SCANT. V. n. (from the noun.] 1. To sing in parts.

upon any place.

He ended, and they behoort thr hHTS 2. To discourse at large; to makespeeches: Descended Adana tutti i sur Lei. in a sense of censure or contempt.



In all our journey through the Alps, as well 3. Obliquity; inclination.
when we climbed as when we descended them, we The heads and sources of rivers for ten 3
had still a river running along with the road. descent, or an inclining plane, without which ein


could not flow at all.
In the midst of this slain stands a high Hill; so

4. Lowest place.
very steep, that there would be no mounting or
descending it, were not it made up of a locse

From th' extremest upward of thy head, crumbled earth.

To the descent and dust below thy feet

. Etzko DESCENDANT. 1. s. [descendant, French; s. Fåll from a bigher state ; degradatioa.

O foul descent ! that I, who erst currended descendens, Latin.] The offspring of an

With gods to sit the highest, am cos centrasi ancestor; he that is in the line of gener Into a beast, and mix with bestial slime ation, at whatever distance.

This essence to incarnate and imbrute. Mix, The descendants of Neptune were planted there. 6. Invasion ; hostile entrance into a king,

Bacon. dom : in allusion to the height of ships. O, true descendant of a patriot line,

At the first descent on shore, he is not in Vouchsafe this picture of thy soul to see. Dryd. mured with a wooden vessel, but he did courte

He revealed his own will, and their duty, in nance the landing in his long-boat. a more ample manner than it had been declared

The duke was general himself; and made that to any of my descendants before them. Atterbury. unfortunate descent upon the Isle of Rhee, ad DESCE'NDENT. adj. [descendens, Latin. was attended with a miserable retreat, in which

It seems to be established, that the sub the flower of the army was lost. Ciernes, stotive should derive the termination Arise, true judges, in your own defence, from the French, and the adjective from

Controul those foplings, and declare for sesse; the Latin.]

For, should the fools prevail, they stop not there

But make their next descent upon the fir. Digels I. Falling ; sinking ; coming down ; de- 7. Transmission of any thing by successica scending

and inheritance. There is a regress of the sap in plants, from If the agreement and consent of men first gat above downwards; and this descendent juice is a sceptre into any one's hand, that also must o that which principally nourishes both fruit and rece its descent and conveyance. plant.

Ray on the Creation. 8. The state of proceeding from an origi. 2. Proceeding from another, as an original nal or progenitor. or ancestor.

All of them, even without such a particular More than mortal grace

claim, bad great reason to glory in their comma Speaks thee descendent of erhereal race.


descent from Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, to what DESCE'NDIBLE. adj. (from descend.] the promise of the blessed seed was severaly 1. Such as may be descended ; such as


Atterbury may admit of a passage downward.

9. Birth; extraction; process of lineage. 2. Transmissible by inheritance.

I give my voice on Richard's side,

To bar my, master's heirs in true descent! According to the customs of other countries,

God knows, I will not do it. Shotspeare. those honorary fees and infeudations were de

Turnus, for high descent and graceful mici, scendible to the eldest, and not to all the males.

Was first, and favour'd by the Latian queen. Hale's Common Law of England.

Dryden DESCE'NSION. n. s. [descensio, Latin.] 10. Offspring; inheritors; those proceed1. The act of going downward, falling, or ing in the line of generation. sinking; descent.

· The care of our descent perplexes most, 2. A declension ; a degradation.

Which must be born to certain woe.
From a god to a bull! a heavy descension : it

Froin him
was Jove's case. From a prince to a 'prentice! His whole descent, who thus shall Canaan sir.
a low transformation : that shall be mine.

Shetspeare. II. A single step in the scale of genealogy; 3. [In astronomy.) Right descension is the a generation.

arch of the equator, which descends No man living is a thousand descent: removed
with the sign or star below the horizon from Adam himself.
of a' direct sphere.

Then all the sons of these five brethren regalo
Oblique descension is the arch of the By due success; and all their nephews latt,

Even thrice eleven descents, the crown retan't, equator, which descends with the sign

Till aged Heli by due heritage it gain'd. below the horizon of an oblique sphere.

Ozanam.' 12. A rank in the scale of subordination.
DESCE'NSIONAL. adi. [from descension.) How have I then with whom to hold code

Relating to desceni.
DESCE'NT.N.S.[descens:45, Latin; descente,

Save with the creatures which I made, and those

To me inferior infinite descents

Beneath what other creatures are to thee. MH. j. The act of passing from a higher to a To DESCRI’BE. v. a. [describo, Lat.) lower place.

1. To delineate ; to mark out ; to trace: Why do fragments from a mountain rent, Tend to the earth with such a swift descent?

as, a torch waved about the bead descriks Blackmore.

a circle. 2. Progress downward.

2. To mark out any thing by the mention Observing such 'gradual and gentle descents of its properties. downwards, in those parts of the creation that I pray thee, overname them: and as the are bencath men, the rule of analogy may make nam'st them, I will describe them; and accede it probable that it is so also in things above. ing to my description, level at my affection. Lorle.

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The speedy deprelation of air upon watry that, in respect of them, even surfaces that are moisture, and version of the same into air, ap sensibly smooth are not exactly so: they have peareth in nothing more visible than in the sud their own degree of roughness, consisting of litden discharge or vanishing of a little cloud of tle protuberances and depressions; and consebreath, or vapour, from glass, or the blade of a quently such inequalities may suffice to give bosword, or any such polished body. Bacon. dies different colours, as we see in marble that DEPREDA’TOR.nas. [depredator, Latin.] appears white or black, or red or blue, even A robber; a devourer.

when most carefully polished.

Boyle It is reported, that the shrub called our lady's

If the bone be much depressed, and the fissure seal, which is a kind of briony, and coleworts,

considerably large, it is then at your choice, set near together, one or both will die: the cause

whether you will enlarge that fissure, or contiis, for that they be both great depredators of the

nue it for the evacuation of the matter, and forearth, and one of them starveth the other.

bear the use of the trepan; not doubting but a Bacon.

small depression of the bone will either rise, or We have three that collect all the experiments

cast off, by the benefit of nature.

Wiseman, which are in books; these we call depredators.

3. The act of humbling; abasement. Bacon.

Depression of the nobility may make a king To DEPREHE'ND. v. a. (deprehendo, DEPRESSION of an Equation (in algebra)

more absolute, but less safe.

Bacon , Latin.] 1. To catch one; to take unawares; to

is the bringing it into lower and more take in the fact.

simple terins by division.

- Dict. That wretched creature, being deprehended in DEPRESSION of a Star [with astrono. that impiety, was held in ward. Hooker.

mers] is the distance of a star from the Who can believe men upon their own autho

horizon below; and is measured by the rity, that are once deprebended in so gross and arch of the verticle circle or azimuth, impious an imposture?

More. 2. To discover; to find out a thing ; to

passing through the star, intercepted

between the star and the horizon. Dict. come to the knowledge or understanding of.

DEPRE'SSO R. 17. s. [depressor, Latin.] The motiens of the minute parts of bodies, 1. He that keeps or presses down. which do so great effects, are invisible, and in

2. An oppressor. cur not to the eye; but yet they are to be depre- DEPRESSOR. [In anatomy.) A term

hended by experience. DEPREHE'NSIBLE.adj. [from deprehend.]

given to several muscles of the body, 1. That may be caught.

whose action is to depress the parts to 2. That may be understood, or discovered.

which they adhere.

Dici. DE'PRIMENT. adj. [from deprimens, of DEPREHE'NSIBLENESS. n. s.

deprimo, Lat.) An epithet applied to 1. Capableness of being caught.

one of the straight muscles that move 2. Intelligibleness ; easiness to be under the globe or ball of the eye, its use bea stood.

ing to pull it downward. DEPREHENSION. n.s. deprehensio, Lat.] The exquisite equilibration of all opposite and 1. A catching or taking unawares.

antagonist muscles is effected partly by the natua

ral posture of the body and the eye, which is 2. A discovery.

the case of the actollent and depriment muscles. To DEPRE'SS. v. a. [from depressus, of

Derbim. deprimo, Lat.]

DEPRIVA'TION. 1. s, [from de and pri1. To press or thrust down.

vatio, Latin.] 2. To let fall; to let down.

1. The act of depriving, or taking away The same thing I have tried by letting a globe from. rest, and raising or depressing the eye, or other

2. The state of losing. wise moving it, to make the angle of a just

Fools whose end is destruction, and eternal magnitude.

deprivation of being.

Bentley, 3. To humble ; to deject; to sink.

Depriv'ATION [in law] is when a clerOthers depress their own minds, despond at the first difficulty, and conclude that the making

gyman, as a bishop, parson, vicar, or any progress in knowledge is above their capa prebend, is deprived, or deposed from cities.

Locke. his preferment, for any matter in fact or If we consider how often it breaks the gloom, law,

Philips. which is apt to depress the mind, with transient To DEPRI'VE. v. a. [from de and privo, unexpected gleams of joy, one would take care not to grow too wise for so great a pleasure of

· Latin.] life.

Addison. 1. To bereave one of a thing; to take it Passion can depress or raise

away froin him : with of. The heavenly, as the human mind. Prior.

God hath deprived her of wisdom, neither DEPRE'ssion. 7. s. (depressio, Lat.] hath he imparted to her understanding. Feb.

He lamented the loss of an excellent servant, 1. The act of pressing down.

and the horrid manner in which he had been Bricks of a rectangular form, if laid one by

Clarendon. another in a level row between supporters sus.

deprived of him. taining the two ends, all the pieces between will

Now wretched Oedipus, deprivid of sight,

Led a long death in everlasting night. Pope. necessarily sink by their own gravity; and much more, if they suffer any depression by other

2. To hinder; to debar from: Milton weight above them.

Witon. uses it without of: 2. The sinking or falling in of a surface. : From his face I shall be hid, depriv'd The beams of light are suit subtile bodies,

His blessed countenance.

Milton, 3 G2


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fined to a place: but where friendship is, all offices of life are, as it were, granited to his and his deputy; for he may exercise them by

fice or other thing is another man's

The ghosts rejected, are th” unhappy crew 1. The act of separating the pure from the
Depriv'd of sepulchres and fun'ral due. Dryd. impure part of any thing.
3. To release; to free from.

Brinistone is a mineral body, of fat and its
Most happy he,

flammable parts: and thie is either used erude, Whose least delight sufficeth to deprive

and called solfbun vide; or is of a sadder cober, Remembrance of all pains which him opprest. and, after depuration, such as we have in nizko

Spenser. deleons, or rolls of a lighter yellor. Briter 4. To put out of an ofice.

What hath been hitherto discoursed, inclines A minister, deprived for inconformity, said, us to look upon the rentilation and deperstite of that if they deprived him, it should cost an hun the blood as one of the principal and constant dred men's lives.

Bacon. uses of respiration. DEPTH..s. (from deep; of diep, Dutch.] 2. The cleansing of a wound from its 1. Deepness; the mcasure of any thing matter. from the surface downward.

To DEPU'RE. V. a. (depurer, French.) As for men, they had buildings in many places higher than the depth of the water. Bacon.

1. To clezase; to free from impurities. We have large and deep caves of several

2. To purge; to free from some noxious dejths: the deepest are sunk six hundred fa quality: thoms.


It produced plants of such imperfection and The left to that unhappy region tends,

harmful quality, as the waters of the genderal Which to the depth of Tartarus descends. Dryd.

flood could not so wash out or depure, but the For thoʻ, in nature, depth and height

the same defection hath had continuance in the Are equally held infinite;

verygeneration and nature of mankind. Rakiga. In poetry the height we know,

DEPUTATION: n. s. [deputation, Fr.

] 'Tis only infinite below.

Swift. 2. Deep place; not a shoal.

1. The act of deputing, or sending away The false tides skim o'er the cover'd land,

with a special commission. And scamen with dissembled depths betray.

2. Vicegerency; the possession of any

Dryden. commission given. 3. The abyss ; a gulf of infinite profun

Cut nie off the heads dity.

or all the fav'rites that the absent king When he prepared the heavens I was there,

In deputation left behind him here when he set a compass upon the face of the depth.

When he was personal in the Irish war. Slcki.

He looks not below the moon, but has de

Proucrbs. 4. The middle or height of a season.

signed the regiment of sublunary affairs into And in the depth of winter, in the night,

sublunary deputations. You plough the raging seas to coasts unknown.

The authority of conscience stands founded

upon its vicegerency and deputetica under God. The earl of Newcastle, in the depth of winter, T. DEPU'TE. v.2. [deputer, Fr.) To rescued the city of York from the rebels.


send with a special commission; to ir5. Abstruseness; obscurity, There are greater depths and obscurities in an

other, elaborate and wellwritten piece of nonsense,

And Absalom said unto him, See, the matters than in the most abstruse tract of school di

are good and right, but there is no man depried vinity. Addison's W big Examiner.

of the king to hear. Depth of a Squadron or Battalion, is the

and Isimus thus, deputed by the rest, number of men in the file Milit. Dict.

The heroes welcome and their thanks expressid
TO DE'PTHEN. v. a. [diepen, Dutch.]

A hishor, by deputing a priest or
To decpen, or make deeper. Dict. administer the sacraments, may remove him.
To DEPU'CELATE. v. a. [depuceler, Fr.]
To deflour; to bereave of virginity. i

DE'PUTY. 1... [deputé, French; from *

Dict. DEFU'LSION. . . [depulsio, Lat.) A

1. A lieutenant; a viceroy; one that is beating or thrusting away, DEPU'LSORY. adj. [fron depulsus, Lat.] Putting away ; averting:

Dict. T. DE'PURATE. v. a.

[depurer, Fr. froin depurgo, Lat.) To purify; to cleanse; to free any thing from its im

lieutenant of the world. purities.

Chemistry enabling us to depurate bodies, and another. in some measure to analize them, and take asunder their heterogeneous parts, in many chemical experiments we may, better than in others, know what manner of bodies we employ. Bogio.

lies, DEPURATE. adj. [from the verb.) 1. Cleansed; freed from dregs and impu

rities. 1. Pure; not contaminated. Neither can any boast a knowledge depurate

his friend. from the defilement of a contrary, within this atinosphere of flesh.

Glanville, DEPURA’TION. n. s. [depuratio, Latin.]


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Ayliffe's Parera
pictatus, Latin.]
appointed by a special commission to
govern or act instead of another.

He exerciseth dominion over them as the
vicegerent and deputy of Almighty God. Haha

He was vouched his immediate departy upon earth, and viceroy of the creation, and more 2. Any one that transacts business for

Presbyters, absent through infirmity from their churches, might be said to preach by three deputies, who, in their stead, did but read hot»

A man harh a hody, and that body is como

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3. [In law. One that exercises

right, whose forfeiture or misdenica:


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