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TO DEPLU'ME. v.a. [de and pluma, Lac
The coldness of his temper, and the gravity tin.] To strip of its feathers.
of his cloportment, carried him safe through many
difficulties, and he lived and died in a great staa To DÉPOʻNE. v. a. [depono, Latin,]
Swift, 1. To lay down as a pledge or security. To DEPO'SE. v, a. (depono, Latin.] 2. To risk upon the success of an adven
1. To lay down; to lodge; to let fall. ture.
Itsshores are neither advanced one jot further On this I would depone
into the sea, nor its surface raised by additional As much as any cause I've known. Hudibras. mud deposed upon it by thayearly inundations of DE PO'NENT. n. S. (from depono, Latin ] the Nile.
Woodward. 1. One that deposes his testimony in a
2. To degrade from a throne or high stacourt of justice; an evidence; a wit. tion. ness.
First of the king: what shall of him become? 2. [In grammar.] Such verbs as have no
-The duke yet lives that Henry shall depose. active voice are called deponents, and
May your sick fame still languish till it die; generally signify action only: as, fateor, Then, as the greatest curse that I can give,
I confess. Clarke's Latin Grammar. Unpitied be depos'd, and after live ! Dryden. T. DEPOʻPULATE. v. a. [depopulor, Daposed consuls, and captive princes, might
Tatler. Latin.] To unpeople; to lay waste;
have preceded him. to destroy inhabited countries.
3. To take away; to divest; to strip of.. Where is this viper,
Not in use. That would depopulate the city, and
You may my glory and my state depose: Be every man himself?
But not my griets; still am í king of those. He turned his arms upon unarmed and unpro
Sbakspeare. vided people, to spoil only and depopulate, con
4. To give testimony; to attest. trary to the laws both of war and peace. Bacon. "T was he that made you to depose: A land exhausted to the last remains,
Your oath, my lord, is vain and frivolous. Slik. Depopulated towns and driven plains, Dryden. It was usual for him that dwelt in Southwark,
Grim death, in different shapes, or Tothill-street, to depose the yearly rent or vaDepopulates the nations; thousands fall
luation of lands lying in the north, or other reHis victims. Philips. mote part of the realm.
Bacon. DE POPULATION. n. s. [from de populate] 5. To examine any one on his oath. Not The act of unpeopling; havock; waste;
in use. destruction of mankind.
According to our law, How didst thou grieve then, Adam! to behold Depose him in the justice of his cause. Sbaksp. The end of all thy offspring, end so sad,
To DEPO'SE. V. n.
To bear witness. Depopulation! Thee another flood,
love straight stood up and deposed, a lye Of tears and sorrow a flood, thee also drown'd,
could not come from the inouth of Zelmane. And sunk thee as thy sons. Milton.
Sidney. Remote thou hear'st the dire effect of war, Depopulation.
DEPO'SITARY. 1. s. [depositarius, Latin.] DE POPULA'IOR. 1. so'[from depopulate.]
One with whom any thing is lodged in A dispeopler; a destroyer of inankind; trust. a waster of inhabited countries.
I gave you all; To DEPO'RT. v. a. (deporter, French.]
Made you my guardians, iny depositaries;
But kept a reservation, to be follow'd To carry; to demean; to behave: it
With such a number.
Shakspeare. is used only with the reciprocal pro
To DEPO'SITE. v. a. (depositum, Lat.) noun. Let an ambassador deport himself in the most
1. To lay up; to lodge in any place. graceful manner before a prince. Pope.
The eagle got leave here to deposit: her eggs.
L'Estrange. DEPO'RT. 1. s. [from the verb.] De
Dryden wants a poor square foot of stone, to meanour; grace of attitude; behaviour; shew where the ashes of one of the greatest poets deportment.
Garth. on carth are deposited. She Delia's self
When vessels were open, and the insects had In gait surpass’d, and goddess-like deport, Milt. free access to the aliment within chem, Redi diOf middle age one rising, eminent
ligently observed, that no other species were In wise deport, spake much of right and wrong. produced, but of such as he saw so in and feed,
Miiton. and deposite their eggs there, which they would DEPORTATION. 1. s. [deportatio, Lat.]
readily do in all putrefaction Bentley 1. Transportation ; exile" into a remote 2. To lay up as a pledge, or security. part of the dominion, with prohibition 3. To place at interest.
God commands us to return, as to him, to to change the place of residence.
the poor, his gifts out of mere duty and thank 2. Exile in general.
fulness; not to deposite them with him in hopes An abjuration, which is a deportation for ever
of meriting by them.
Sprati. into a foreign land, was anciently with us a civil death.
The diisiculty will be co persuade the deposite DEPO'RTMENT. n. s. [deportement, fr.]
ing of those lusts which have, by I know not r. Conduct; management; manner of
waat fascination, so endeared themselves. acting,
Deray of Piety. I will but sweep the way with a few notes
[depositu'n, Latin.) touching the duke's own deportment in that DEPO'SITE. n. 5. island.
Wottone 1. Any thing committed to the trust and 1. Demeanour; be javiour,
care of another. VOL. I.
Aylit. 4. To lay aside.
to avert by prayer:
Ler DET 1.7 1. TE
and such depredations and changes of sea and
2. A pledge; a pawn; a thing given as 1. To beg off; to pray deliverance from;
a security 3. The state of a thing pawned or pledged. In deprecating of cvil, we make an humble
They had since Marseilles, and fairly left it: acknowledgment of guilt ; and of God's justice they had the other day the Valtoline, and now
in chastising, as well as clemency in sparing
, have put it in deposite. Bacon.
Grea DE POSITION *14. s. [from depositio, Lat.]
Poverty indeed, in all its degrees, men are 1. The act of giving publick testimony:
easily persuaded to deprecate from themselves
. If you will examine the veracity of the fa.
Rogers. thers by those circumstances usually considered
The judgments which we would deprecats are
not removed. in depositions, you will find them strong on their
Sir X. Digby.
The Italian cntered them in his prayer A witness is obliged to swear, otherwise his
amongst the three erils he petitioned to be delideposition is not valid.
vered from: he might have deprecated greater
Ayliffe's Parergoo. evils. 2. The act of degrading a prince from
Baker's Reflections on Learning, sovereignty.
2. To implore mercy of: this is not pro
per. 3. [In canon law.] Deposition properly.
At length he sets signifies a solemn depriving of a man of Those darts, whose points make gods adore his clerical orders. Ayliffe's Parergon.
His might, and deprecate his pow'r. Priss. DEPOʻsitory.in. s. [from deposite.) The DEPRECAPTION. so (deprecatio, Latin.)
place where any thing is lodged. Depo 1. Prayer against evil. sitary is properly usod of persons, and
1, with leave of speech implor'd, depository of places; but in the following
And humble deprecation, thus replied. Milter
. example they are confounded.
Sternutation they generally conceived to be a The Jews themselves are the depositories of all
good sign, or a bad one; and so, upon this nothe prophecies which tend to their own confu
tion, they commonly used a gratulation for the
one, and a deprecation for the other, Brott.
Addison. DEPRAVA’TION. n. s. (depravatio, Lat. ]
2. Intreaty ; petitioning: 1. The act of making any thing bad; the
3. An excusing; a begging pardon for.
DE'PRECATIVE, adj. (from deprecate.] act of corrupting; corruption. The three forms of government have their se
DE'PRECATORY.) That serves to depreveral perfections, and are subject to their several cate; apologetick; tending to avert depravations: however, few states are ruined by evil hy supplication. defect in their institution, but generally by cor
Bishop Fox understanding that the Scottish ruption of manners.
king was still discontent, being troubled that the 2. The state of being made bad; degene
occasion of breaking of the truce should grow racy, depravity.
from his men, sent many hunble and depretao We have a catalogue of the blackest sins that
tory letters to the Scottish king to appease him.
Bass. human nature, in its highest depravation, is capable of committing.
DEPRECATOR. 11. s. (deprecator, Latin.) 3. Defamation; censure: a sense not now
One that averts evil by petition.
TO DEPRE'CIATE. v. a. (depretiars,
price. To vitiate; to corrupt; to contaminate.
2. To undervalue. We admire the providence of God in the con
They presumed upon that mercy, which, ia tinuance of scripture, notwithstanding the en
all their conversations, they endeavour to deprem deavours of infidels to abolish, and the fraudu
ciate and misrepresent. lence of hereticks to deprave, the same. Hooker.
As there are none more ainbitious of fame, Who lives that's not depraved, or depraves?
than those who are coiners in poetry, it is very Sbakspeare.
natural for such as have not succeeded in it to But from me what can proceed
depreciate the works of those who have. But all corrupt, both mind and will depravid? "Milion. To DÉ'PREDATE. v. a. [depredari
, A taste which plenty does deprave,
2. To spoil; to devour.
It maketh the substance of the body more Corruption; taint; contamination; vi. tiated state.
and depredated by the What sins do you mean? Our original depron DEPREDA'rion. n.s. (dleprædatio, Lat.) odness, and proneness of our etcrnal part to all 1. A robbing; a spoiling: evil.
Commissioners were appointed to determine
the subjects of both kingdoms.
robberies and depredetiens as through his report, pravements of fancy.
Brown. DEPRA'VER. n. s. [from deprave.] A cor
rupter; he that causes depravity. DEPRA'VITY. n. s.
[from deprave.] Corruption ; a vitiated state.
land. DEPRECATE, v. a.
2. Voracity; waste.
lid and compact, and so less apt to be consumed
all matters of piracy and depredatices betweca
The land had never been before so free from
Were there not one who liad said, Hitherta shalt thou come and no farther; we might well expect such vicissitudes, such clashing in nature;
The speedy deprevation of air upon watry that, in respect of them, even surfaces that are moisture, and version of the same into air, ap sensibly smooth are not exactly so: they have peareth in nothing more visible than in the sud their own degree of roughness, consisting of litden discharge or vanishing of a little cloud of tie protuberances and depressions; and consebreath, or vapour, from glass, or the blade of a quently guch inequalities may suffice to give bo
sword, or any such polished body. Bacon. dies diferent colours, as we see in marble that DEPREDA'Tor.nis. (depredator, Latin.] appears white or black, or red or blue, even A robber; a devourer.
when most carefully polished.
Boyle, It is reported, that the shrub called our lady's
If the bone be much depressed, and the fissure seal, which is a kind of briony, and coleworts,
considerably large, it is then at your choice, set near together, one or both will die: the cause
whether you will enlarge that fissure, or contiis, for that they be both great depredators of the
nue it for the evacuation of the matter, and forearth, and one of them starveth the other.
bear the use of the trepan; not doubting but a Bacon,
small depression of the bone will either rise, or We have three that collect all the experiments
cast of, by the benefit of nature. which are in books; these we call depredators.
3. The act of humbling ; abasement.
Bacon. Depression of the nobility may make a king T. DEPREHE'ND. v. a. (deprebendo, DEPRESSION of an Equation (in algebra)
more absolute, but less sate.
Bacon, Latin.] 1. To catch one; to take unawares; to
is the bringing it into lower and more take in the fact.
simple terms by division.
Dict. That wretched creature, being deprebended in DEPRESSION of a Star [with astrono. that impiety, was held in ward. Hooker.
mers] is the distance of a star from the Who can believe men upon their own autho horizon below ; and is measured by the rity, that are once deprebended in so gross and impious an imposture?
arch of the verticle circle or azimuth,
More. 2. To discover; to find out a thing ; to
passing through the star, intercepted come to the knowledge or understand
between the star and the horizon, Dict. ing of.
DEPRE'SSOR. N. s. [depressor, Latin.] The motions of the minute parts of bodies, 1. He that keeps or presses down. which do so great effects, are invisible, and in
2. An oppressor, cur not to the eve; but yet they are to be depron DEPRESSOR. [In anatomy.) A term bended by experience.
Bacon. DEPREHE'NSIBLE.adj. (from deprebend.]
given to several muscles of the body, 1. That may be caught.
whose action is to depress the parts to 2. That may be understood, or discovered.
which they adhere.
Dict. DE'PRIMENT. adj. (from deprinens, of DEPREHE'NSIBLENESS. n. s.
deprimo, Lat.) An epithet applied to 1. Capableness of being caught.
one of the straight muscles that move 2. Intelligibleness ; easiness to be under the globe or ball of the eye, its use ben stood.
ing to pull it downward. DEPREHE'NSION. o.s. (deprehensio, Lat.] The exquisite equilibration of all opposite and 1. A catching or taking unawares.
antagonist muscles is effected partly by the natie 2. A discovery.
ral pusture of the body and the eye, which is
the case of the attollent and depriment muscles. To DEPRE'SS. v. a. [from depressus, of
Derbime deprimo, Lat.)
DEPRIVAʻTION. n. s, [from de and pri1. To press or thrust down.
vatio, Latin.] 2. To let fall; to let down.
1. The act of depriving, or taking away The same thing I have tried by letting a globe from. rest, and raising or depressing the eye, or other 2. The state of losing. wise moving it, to make the angle of a just
Fools whose end is destruction, and eternal magnitude.
Bentley, 3. To humble ; to deject ; to sink.
DEPRIVATION [in law] is when a clerOthers depress their own minds, despond at the first difficulty, and conclude that the making
gyman, as a bishop, parson, vicar, or any progress in knowledge is above their capa prebend, is deprived, or deposed from cities.
Locke. his preferment, for any matter in fact or If we consider how often it breaks the gloom, law.
Philips. which is apt to depress the mind, with transient To DEPRIVE. v. a. (from de and privo, unexpected gleams of joy, one would take care not to grow too wise for so great a pleasure of
Addison. 1. To bereave one of a thing; to take it Passion can depress or raise
away from him : with of. The heavenly, as the human mind. Prior. God hath deprived her of wisdom, neither DEPRESSION. n. s. I depressio, Lat.) hath he imparted to her understanding.
Feb. 1. The act of pressing down.
He lamented the loss of an exsellent servant, Bricks of a rectangular form, if laid one by
and the horrid manner in which he had been another in a level row between supporters sus.
deprived of him.
Clarendon. taining the two ends, all the pieces between will
Now wre:ched Oedipus, depriv'd of sight, necessarily sink by their own gravity; and much
Led a long death in everlasting night. more, if they suffer any depression by other 2. To binder; to debar from ; Milton weight above thein.
uses it without of. 2. The sinking or falling in of a surface. : From his face I shall be hid, depriz'd The beams of light are sub subtile bodies,
His blessed countenance.
The ghosts rejected, are th' unhappy crew 1. The act of separating the pure from in Deprind of sepulchres and fun'ral due. Dryd. impure part of any thing. 3. To release ; to free from.
Brimstone is a mineral body, of fat and it Mest happy he,
flammable parts: and this is either tsed cute, Whose least delielt sufficeth to deprive
and called sziebun side, or is of a secer color, Remembrance of all pains which him opprest. and, after depuration, such as we taze in
Spenser. deleons, or rolls of a lighter yellos. Br. 4. To put out of an office.
What hath been hitherto discourse, notes A minister, deprived for inconformity, said, us to look upon the rentilation and desrate of that if they deprived him, it should cost an hun the blood as one of the principal and constant dred men's lives. Bacon. uses of respiration.
B. DEPTH.n. s. [from deep; of diep, Dutch.] 2. The cleansing of a wound from its 1. Deepness; the measure of any thing matter. from the surface downward.
To DEPU'RE. v. a. (depurer, French.? As for men, they had buildings in many 1. To cleanse; to free from impurities. places higher than the depth of the water. Bacon. We have large and deep caves of several
2. To purge; to free from some noxious depsis : the deepest are sunk six hundred fa quality: thoms.
'It produced plants of such imperfection and The left to that unhappy region tends,
harmful quality, as the waters of the gestera Which to the depth of Tartarus descends. Dryd.
flood could not so wash out or deparı, bureau For tho', in nature, depth and height
the same defection hath had continuance is the Are equally held infinite;
verygeneration and nature of mankind. Releet In poetry the height we know,
DEPUTA’TION*. s. (deputatiet, Fr. 'T is only intiuite below.
Swift. 2. Deep place; not shoal.
1. The act of deputing, or sending aviy The false rides skim o'er the cover'd land,
with a special commission. And scamen with dissembled depths betray.
2. Vicegerency; the possession of asy
Dryden. commission given. 3. The abyss; a gulf of infinite profun
Cut me off the heads dity."
Of all the fav'rites that the absent king When he prepared the heavens I was there,
la deputation left behind him here when he set a compass upon the face of the deptb.
When he was personal in the Irish war. Sizi. Proverbs.
He looks not below the moon, but bath do 4. The middle or height of a season.
signed the regiment of sublunary affairs to
sublunary depretations. And in the depth of winter, in the night, You plough the raging seas to coasts unknown.
The authority of conscience stands founded Denbam.
upon its vicegerency and deputation under Gd. The earl of Newcastle, in the depth of winter, rescued the city of York from the rebels.
To DEPU'TE. v.2. [d-puter, Fr.] To Clarendon.
send with a special commission; to it5. Abstruseness; obscurity.
power one to transact instead of 2 There are greater depths and obscurities in an other. elaborate and well written piece of ponsense,
And Absalom said unto him, See, the matters than in the most abstruse tract of school dia are good and right, but there is no man vinity.
Addison's Whig Examiner. of the king to hear. Dirth of a Squadron or Battalion, is the
And Isurus thus, deputed by the rest, number of men in the file. Milit. Dict.'
The heroes welcome and their thanks expresa To DEʼPTHEN. v. a. [diepen, Dutch.}
A bishop, by debuting a priest or bus. • To deepen, or make deeper. Dict. administer the sacrainents, may remove by To DEPU’CELATE. v. a. (depuceler, Fı.] To deflour; to bereave of virginity; DE'PUTY. 11. . ,[depaté, French; frees
patatas, Latin.) DETU'LSION. ». S. (depulsio, Lat.] A 1. A lieutenant; a viceroy; one that is beating or thrusting away.
appointed by a special commissioa to DEPU’LSORY. adj. (from depulsus, Lat.] govern or act instead of another. Putting away ; averting:
He exerciseth dominion over thered T. DE'PURATE. 7. a. [depurer, Fr.
vicegerent and deputy of Almighty God 5.3 from depurgo, Lat.) To purify; to
He was vouched his iminediate depatrias
earth, and viceroy of the creation, at cleanse ; to free any thing from its im
lieutenant of the world. purities.
2. Any one that transacts business is Chemistry enabling us to depurate bodies, and
another. in some measure to analize them, and take asunder their heterogencous parts, in many chemical
Presbyters, absent through inormi experiments we may, better than in others,
their churches, might be said to preach by the know what manner of bodies we employ. Bogle.
deputies, who, in their stead, did but rad
lies. DE'PURATE. adj. (from the verb.]
A man hath a hody, and that body is : 1. Cleansed; freed from dregs and impu fined to a place: but where sienists. rities.
offices of life are, as it were, granted to 1. Pure; not contaminated.
and his deputy; for he may exercise them Neither can any boast a knowledge depurate
his friend. from the defilement of a contrary, within this 3. [In law.] One that exercises as c atmosphere of Sesh.
Glanville, fice or other thing is another pur'e DEPURA’TION. 1.5. [depuratio, Latin.] right, whose forfeiture or mindestens
pour shall cause the officer or person for wilfully thrown away, or relinquished, whom he acts to lose his office.
by the owner,
Dict. Philips. To DERI'DE. v. a. [derideo, Lat.) To To DEQUA'NTITATE. v. a. [from de and laugh at; to mock; to turn to ridicule;.
quantitas, Latin. To diminish the to scorn. quantity of.
Before such presence to offend with any the This we affirm of pure gold; for that which is
least unseemliness, we would be surely as loth as current, and passeth in stamp amongst us, by
they who most reprehend or deride what we do.
Hooker. reason of its allay, which is a proportion of sil
What shall be the portion of those who have * ver or copper mixed sherewith, is actually de
derided God's word, and made a mock of every quantitated by fire, and possibly by frequent ex
thing that is sacred and religious ? tinction. Brown's Vulgar Errours.
These sons, ye gods, who with Hagitious pride Der. A term used in the beginning of Insule my darkness, and my groans deride. Pope.
names of places. It is generally to be Some, that adore Newton for his fluxions, dederived from dior, a wild beast: unless
ride him for his religion.
Berkley, the place stands upon a river; for then DERIDER. n. s. [from the verb.) it may rather be fetched from the Bri
1. A mocker; a scofier. tish dur, i. e. water. Gibson's Cainden,
Upon the wilful violation of oaths, execrable
blasphemies, and like contempts offered by deTo DerA'CINATE. v. a. (deraciner, Fr.) riders of religion, fearful tokens of divine re1. To pluck or tear up by the roots.
venge have been known to follow. Hooker. Her fallow leas
2. A droll; a buttoon. The darnel, hemlock, and rank fumitory, DERI'SION. 1. s. (derisio, Latin.] Doth root'upon; while that the culté r rusts 1. The act of deriding or laughing at, That should deracinate such savagery.
. Are we grieved with the scorn and derision of 2. To abolish; to destroy; to extirpate. the profane? Thus was the blessed Jesus deT. DERA'IGN. I v.a. [dispationare, or
spised and rejected of men.
Vanity is the natural weakness of an ambitiT. DERAIN, dirationare, Latin.)
ous man, which exposes him to the secret scorn i. To prove; to justify,
and derision of those he converses with. Addiso When the parson of any church is disturbed 2. Contempt; scorn; a laughingstock to demand tythes in the next parish by a writ of I am in derision daily; every one mocketh me. indicavit, the patron shall have a writ to demand
Jeremiah. the advowson of the tyches being in demand: Thou makest us a reproach to our neighbours, and when it is deraigned, then shall the plea pass a scorn and a derision to them that are round in the court christian, as far forth as it is de
Psalms. raigned in the king's court.
Ensnar'd, assaulted, overcome : led bound, 2. To disorder; to turn out of course. Thy foes derision, captive, poor, and blind; Dict. Into a dungeon thrust.
DERI'SIVE. adj. [from deride.] Mocking; DERA'INMENT. n.s. (from deraign.]
scoffing 1. The act of deraigning or proving.
O'er all the dome they quaff, they feast;
Derisive taunts were spread from guest to guest, 2. A disordering or turning out of course.
And cach in jovial mood his mate address d. 3. A discharge of profession ; a departure
Pope. out of religion.
DERI'SOR Y. adj. [derisorius, Lat.] MockIn some places the substantive deraignment is
ing; ridiculing used in the very literal signification with the French disrayer, or desranger: that is, turning DERIVABLE. adj. [from derive.] At. out of course, displacing, or setting out of order; tainable by right of descent or derivaas, deraignment or departure out of religion, and
tion. dereignment or discharge of their profession, God has declared this the eternal rule and which is spoken of those religious men who for standard of all honour derivable upon men, that
sook their orders and professions. Blount. those who honour him shall be honoured by him. DERA'Y. n. s. [from desrayer, French, to
South turn out of the right way.]
DERIVA'TION. n. s. (derivatio, Latin.) 1. Tumult; disorder; noise.
1. A draining of water; a turning of its 2. Merriment; jellity; solemnity. Not in use.
When the water began to swell, it would
every way discharge itself by any descents or TO DERE. v.a. (oepian, Sax.] To hurt.
declivities of the ground; and these issues and Obsolete. Some think that in the ex.
derivations being once made, and supplied with ample it means daring.
new waters pushing them forwards, would conSo from immortal race he does proceed, tinue their course cill they arrived at the sea, That mortal bands may not withstand his might; just as other rivers do.
Burnet. Dred for his derring doe, and bloody deed; 2. [In grammar.) The tracing of a word For all in blood and spoil is his delight. F. Queen. from its original. DERELICTION. n. s. [derelictio, Latin.] Your lordship here seems to dislike my taking 1. The act of forsaking or leaving; aban notice that the derivation of the word Substance donment.
favours the idea we have of it; and your lord2. The state of being forsaken.
ship tells me, that very little weight is to be laid There is no other thing to be looked for, but · on it, on a bare grammatical etymology. Locke. she effects of God's most just displeasure; the 3. The transmission of any thing from it; withdrawing of grace, dereliction in this world,
and in the world to come confusion. Hooker. As touching traditional communication, an] DE'RELICIS, 17. s. pl. [In law.] Goods tradition of thosc truths that I call connatural