« ZurückWeiter »
DE'MAGOGUE. n. s. [Impcywy.) A ring. turn his wishes into demands, will be but a little leader of the rabble ; a popular and
way from thinking he ought to obtain them. factious orator.
Locki. Who were the chief demagogues and patrons
2. A question ; an interrogation. of tumults, to send for them, to flatter and em
3. The calling for a thing in prder to pura bolden them.
King Charles. chase it. A plausible, insignificant word, in the mouth My bookseller tells me, the demand for those of an expert demagogue, is a dangerous and my papers increases daily.
Addison. dreadful weapon.
South. 4. [In law.] The asking of what is due. Demosthenes and Cicero, though each of It hath also a proper signification disthem a leader, or, as the Greeks called it, a de
tinguished from plaint; for all civil magogue, in a popular state, yet seem to differ in their practice.
actions are pursued either by demands DEMAIN.
or plaints, and the pursuer is called DEME'AN.
n. s. [domaine, French.] demandant or plaintiff. There are two DEME'SNE.
manners of demands; the one of deed, 1. That land which a man holds originally
the other in law : in deed, as in every of himself, called dominium by the civi præcipe, there is express demand ; in lians; and opposed to feodum, or fee,
law, as every entry in land, distress for which signifies those that are held of a
rent, taking or seising of goods, and superior lord. It is sometimes used also such like acts, wbich may be done withfor a distinction between those lands that out any words, are demands in law. the lord of the manor has in his own
Blount. hands, or in the hands of his lessee, de DeMA'NDABLE. adj. [from demand.]. mised or let upon a rent for a term of
That may be demanded, requested,
asked for. years or life, and such other lands ap
All sums demandable, for licence of alienation pertaining to the said manor as belong
to be made of lands holdan in chief, have been to free or copyholders. Phillips.
stayed in the way to the hanaper. Bacon, 2. Estate in land.
DEMA'NDANT. n. s. [from demand.]
1. He who is actor or plaintiff in a real A gentleman of noble parentage, Of fair demesnes, youthful, and nobly allied.
action, because he demandeth lands. Sbakspeare.
Coke. That earldom indeed had a royal jurisdiction 2. A plaintiff; one that demands redress. and seigniory, though the lands of that county in One of the witnesses de posed, that dining on demesne were possessed for the most part by the a Sunday with the demandant, whose wife had ancient inheritors.
sat below the squire's lady at church, she the 3. Land adjoining to the mansion, kept in said wife dropped some expressions, as if she the lord's own hand.
thought her husband ought be knighted. Those acts for planting forest-trees have
Spectator. hitherto been w hollý ineffectual, except about DEMA’NDER. n. s. [demandeur, Fr.] the demesnes of a few gentlemen: and even there, 1. One that requires a thing with au
in general, very unskilfully made. Swift. thority. T, DEMA'ND. v. a. Edemander, Fr.] 2. One that asks a question. 1. To claim ; to ask for with authority. 3. One that asks for a thing in order to The pound of flesh, which I demand of him,
purchase it. Is dearly bought; 't is mine, and I will have it.
They grow very fast and fat; which also bets.
Syakspeare. tereth their taste, and delivereth them to the dee 2. To question ; to interrogate.
mander's ready use at all seasons. Carew. And when Uriah was come unto him, David
4. A dunner; one that demands a debt. demanded of him how Joab did, and how the
DEME'An. n. s. (from demener, Fr.] A people did, and how the war prospered ?
mien; presence; carriage; demeanour; If any friend of Cæsar's demand why Brutus deportinent. rose against Cæsar, this is my answer : Not that
At his feet, with sorrowful demean,
To DEME'AN. v. a. (from demener, Fr.] Inform us of thy fortunes; for, it seems,
1. To behave ; to carry one's self. They crave to be demanded.
Those plain and legible lines of duty requiring 'The oracle of Apollo being demanded, when
vs to demean ourselves to God humbly and dethe war and misery of Greece should have an
voutly, to our governors obediently, and to our end, replied, When they would double the altar
neighbours justly, and to ourselves soberly and in Delos, which was of a cubick form.
Soutb. Peacham on Geometry.
A man cannot doubt but that there is a God; 3. [In law.] To prosecute in a real action.
and that, according as he demeans himself toDEMA'ND, n. n. s. (demande, Fr.]
wards him, he will make him happy or miserable I. A claim; a challenging; the asking of
Tiliotson. any thing with authority.
Strephon had long perplex'd his brains, This matter is by the decree of the watchers,
How with so lich a nymph he might
Demean himself the wedding-night. and the demand by the word of the holy ones.
Szeift. Danid. 2. To lessen; to debase ; to undervaluć. Giving vent, gives life and strength, to our Now, out of doubt, Antipholis is inad; apretites; and he that has the contidence to Else he would never so dem:an limselfShakip.
DEMEANOUR. n. s. (demener, Fr.] Car carries a ball of six inches fise eights riage ; behaviour.
diameter, and thirty-six pounds weight
. Of so insupportable a pride he was, that where his deeds might well stir envy, his demeancur did What! this a sleeve? 't is like a densi-ceant, rather breed disdain. Sidney.
Skakipears. Angels best like us when we are most like Ten engines, that shall be of equal force eita unto them in all parts of decent demeanour. to a cannon or demi-cannca, culverin or deci
Hooker. culverin, may be framed at the same price that His gestures fierce
one of these will amount to. He mark'd, and mad demeanour; then alone,
DEMI-CULVERIN. n. š. (demi and ca As he suppos'd, all unobserv'd, unseen. Milton.
verin.] Thus Eve, with sad demeanour meek: Ill worthy i.
DEMI-CULVERIN of the lowest Size. A He was of a courage not to be daunted: which gun four inches two eighths diameter in was manifested in all his actions; especially in his the bore, and ten foot long. It carries whole demeanour at Rhee, both at the landing a ball four inches diameter, and nine and upon the retreat.
pounds weight. DEME' ANS. 1. s.
s. pl. properly demesnes. DEMI-CULVERIN Ordinary. A gun four An estate in lands; that which a man
inches four eighths diameter in the bore, possesses in his own right.
ten foot long. It carries a ball four To DEMENTATE. v. n. [demento, Lat.]
inches two eighths diameter, and ten To make mad, or frantick. DEMENTA'TION. 1. so [dementatio, Lat.] DemI-CULVERIN, elder Sort. A gun four
pounds eleven ounces weight. Making mad, or frantick.
inches and six eighths diameter in the DEME'Rit. n. s. (demérite, Fr. from de bore, ten foot one third in length. It meritus, of demereor, Latin.]
carries a ball four inches four eighth 1. The opposite to merit; ill-deserving ;
pärts diameter, and twelve pounds eleren what makes one worthy of blame or
Military Dict. punishment.
They continue a perpetual volley of Lei They should not be able once to stir, or to · culverins.
Rslur. murnur, but it should be known, and they shortened according to their demerits.. Spenser.
The army left two demi-culoriss, and to other good guns.
Clarendon. Thou liv'st by me, to me thy breath resign; DEMI-DEVIL. a. Mine is the merit, the demerit' thine.
s. (demi and deal.]
Dryden. Whatever they acquire by their industry or
Partaking of infernal nature ; half a ingenuity, should be secure, unless forfeited by
devil. any demerit or offence against the custom of the
Will you, I pray, demand that demi-desil, family
Temple Why he hath thus ensnar'd my soul and body? 2. Anciently the same with merit; desert.
Stadsperi. 'fetch my life and being
DEMI-GOD. n. 5. [demi and god. ] Par. From men of royal siege; and my demerits taking of divine nature ; half a god ; an May speak, unbonnetting, to as proud a fortune As this that I have reach'd.
hero produced by the cohabitation of Sbakspeare.
divinities with mortals. To DEME'RIT. v. a. (demeriter, Fr.) To
He took his leave of them ; whose eyes bude deserve blame or punishment.
him farewell with tears, making temples to bin DEME'R SED. adj. [from demersus, of de as to a demi-god.
Sider – mergo, Latin.] Plunged; drowned, Be gods, or angels, demigods.
Dict. Transported dengids stood round; DEME'RSION. ¥. s. (demersio, Lat.]
And men grew heroes at the sound, 1. A drowning
Enflam'd with glory's charms.
Nay, half in heav'n; except (what's migny 2. (In chymistry.) The putting any medi
odd) cine in a dissolving liquor.
Dict. A fit of vapours clouds this demi-ged. DEME'SNE. See DEMAIN.
DEMI-LANCE. n. s. (demi and lance.) A DE'MI. inseparable particle. [demi, Fr. light lance; a short spear; a half-piki.
dimidium, Latin.] Half; one of two On their steeld heads their depri-lak's Wor equal parts. This word is only used in Small pennons, which their ladies colours boré. composition: as demi.god; that is, half
Light demi-lances from afar they throx, human, half divine.
Fasteu'd with leathern thongs, to gall the fae. DEMI-CANNON.M. s. [demi and cannon.] DEMI.CANNON Lowest. A great gun that DemI-MAN. n. s. [demi and man.) Hálf a
carries a ball of thirty pounds weight man: a term of reproach. and six inches diameter. The diameter We'must adventure this battle, lest ve perish of the bore is six inches two eighth parts.
by the complaints of this barking isen.
Dict. DEMI-CANNON Ordinary. A great gun
DEMI-WOLF. 1. 3. [demi and wolf.) Haf six inches four eighths diameter in the
a wolf ; a mongrel dog between a dos bore, twelve foot long. It carries a shot
and wolf: lycisen. six inches one sixth diameter, and thirty
Showghs, water-rugs, and dori-sooles, art two pounds weight.
cleped DÈMI-CANNON of the greatest Size. A All by the name of dogs. Sbakspeare's Maketi.
gun six inches and six eighth parts dia- Demi'sE. n. s. [from demetra, denis, meter in the bore, twelve foot long. It : mise, Fr.] Death ; decease. It is sale
dom used but in formal and ceremoni. 2. Influenced by the devil ; produced by ous language.
diabolical possession. About a month before the demise of
queen Demoniacé phrensy, moping melancholy, Anne, the author retired. Swift.
Milton TO DEMI'SE. v. a. (demis, demise, Fr.] DEMO'NIACK. n. s. [from the adjective.}
To grant at one's death; to grant by One possessed by the devil; one whose will; to bequeath.
mind is disturbed and agitated by the My executors shall not have power to de mise power of wicked and unclean spirits. my lands to be purchased. Swifi's Last Will. Those lunaticks and demoniacks that were reDemi'ssion. n. so [demissio, Lat.}
stored to their right mind, were such as sought Degradation ; diminution of dignity;
after him, and believed in him. Bentley. depression.
DEMO'NIAN. adj. [from demon.] Devilish;
Each of his reign allotted; righulier callid
Milton depress; to hang down; to let fall.
DEMONOCRACY. N. s. (decijswr and xprq.o.} When they are in their pride, that is, ad The power of the devil.
Dict. vancing their train, if they decline their neck to DemonOʻLATRY. n.s. (Ecipucr and dárea.com) the ground, they presently demit and let fall the The worship of the devil. Dict. same.
Brown's Vulgar Errours. DeMoNO'LOGY. n. s. [Scipw and dáy 3.1 DEMO'CRACY. n. s. [Imponeretiue] One Discourse of the nature of devils. Thus
of the three forms of government ; that king mes entitled his book concerning in which the sovereign power is neither
witches. lodged in one man, nor in the nobles, but DEMO'NSTRABLE, adj. (demonstrabilis, in the collective body of the people. Lat.] Thật may be proyed beyond While many of the servants, by industry and
doubt or contradiction; that may be yirtue, arrive at riches and esteem, then the na ture of the government inclines to a democracy.
made not only probable but evident. Temple.
The grand articles of our belief are as demonThe majority, having the whole power of the
strable as geometry.
Glanville, community, may employ all that power in DEMO'N STRABLY. adv. [from demonmaking laws, and executing those laws; and strable.] In such a manner as admits of there the form of the government is a perfect certain proof; evidently; beyond posdemocracy.
Locke. DEMOCR A'TICAL. adj. [from democracy.)
sibility of contradiction.
He should have compelled his ministers to Pertaining to a popular government; execute the law, in cases that demonstrably conpopular.
cerned the publick peace.
Clarendon. They are still within the line of vulgarity, and To DEMOʻNSTRATE. v. a. (demonstro, are democratical enemies to truth. Brown.
Lat.) To prove with the highest degree As the government of England has a mixture of democratical in it, so the right is partly in the
of certainty; to prove in such a manner people.
Arbuthnot. as reduces the contrary position to evi. To DEMO'LISH. v.a. [demolir, Fr. de dent absurdity. molior, Lat.] To throw down buildings;
We cannot demonstrate these things so as to
shew that the contrary often involves a contrato raze ; to destroy. I expected the fabrick of my book would long DEMONSTRATION. n. so [demonstratio,
Tillotson. since have been demolisbed, and laid even with the ground.
Tillotson. Latin.) Red lightning play'd along the firmament, 1. The highest degree of deducible or arAnd their demolished works to pieces rent. gumental evidence; the strongest de
gree of proof; such proof as not only DEMO'LISHER. n. s. [from demolish.] One
evinces the position proved to be true, that throws down buildings; a destroy but shows the contrary position to be er; a layer waste.
absurd and impossible. DEMOLI'Tios. n. s. [from demolish.] The
What appeareth to be true by strong and inact of overthrowing or demolishing vincible demonstration, such as wherein it is not buildings; destruction.
by any way possible to be deceived, thereunto Two gentlemen should have the direction in the mind doth necessarily yield. Hooker. the demititivn of Dunkirk.
Swift. Where the agreement or disagreement of any DEMON. n. s.*[da mon, Latin ; dcintur] tlung is plainly and clearly perceived, it is called A spirit, generally an evil spirit; demonstration.
2. Indubitable evidence of the senses or I felt him strike, and now I see him fly: Curs d demon! 0, for ever broken lie
Which way soever we turn ourselves, we are Thuse f.stal shafts, by which I inward bleed! encountered with clear evidences and sensible
Prior. deminstrations of a Deity.
DEMO'NSTRATIVE. adj. (demonstrativus, .
Latin.] r. Belonging to the devil; devilish. 1. Having the power of demonstration ; He, all unarmid,
invincibly conclusive ; certain. Shall chase thee with the terror of his voice
An argument necessary and demonstrative, is From thy demoniack holds, possession foul Alilt. such as, being proposed unto any man, and un
DEMONIACA!} adj. [from demon.]
ficult tion, the f that is t1 haru I call be is case ceeds But
a thu think they meet and, jeant and conc
tally grou runs
The on the the m
DEMU'RRAGE. 11. 5. (fromdemar) Anal.
ef ships, for their stay in a port beyond DEMU'RRUR. 11. 5. (demeurer, French;
A kind of pause upon a point of dil
derstood, the man cannot chuse but inwardly Certainly the highest and dearest concerns or pseld.
Hooker. a temporal life are infinitely less valuable than Phim Having the power of expressing clearly
those of an eternal; and consequently ought, and certainly.
without any demur at all, to be sacrificed to them, Painting is nécessary to all other arts; because
whensoever they come in competition with them. of the need which they huse of demonstrative
Spatb. gures, which then give more light to the un
All my demors but double his attacks ; sérstarding than the ciearest discourses. Dryd.
At last he whispers, Do, and we'll gu snacks. DEMO'NSTRATIVELY.adu. [from demon- DEMU'RE. adj. [des meurs, French.]
Pepes strative.] 5. With evidence not to be opposed or
I, Sober; decent.
Lo! two most lovely virgins came in place; doubted.
With countenance demure, and modest grace.
Come, pensive nun, devout and pure,
Sober, stedfast, and derrure! Milter. emonstratively certain.
2. Grave; affectedly modest : it is now That icet were only made to move. Prior.
generally taken in a sense of con. 1. Clearly ; plainly; with certain know
After a demure travel of regard, 1 tell them I
know my place, as I would they should do
There be many wise men, that have secret
hearts and transparent countenances ; yet this DEMONSTRATOR. X. s. [from demon would be done with a demure abasing of your strote.] One that proves ; one that
Barca. teaches; onc that demonstrates.
A cat lay, and looked so demure as if there had DEMONSTRA'TORY. adj. [from denuon
been neither life nor soul in her. L'Estrange. strate.] Having the tendency to demon
So cat, transform’d, sat gravely and deure;
Til mouse appear'd, and thought himself secure. strate.
Dryden. DE MU'LCENT. adj. [demulcens, Latin.] Jove sent and found, far in a country scene, i Softening; mollifying; assuasive. Truth, innocence, good-nature, look serene; Pease, being deprived of any aromatick parts,
From which ingredients, first, the dext'rous boy are mild and deniulcerit in the highest degree;
Pick'd the demure, the aukward, and the coy. But, being full of acrial particles, are fiatulent,
. when dissolved by digestion. Arbuthnot. To DE MU'RE. 21. n. (from the nown.]. 70 DEMU'R. v. n. (demeurer, French; To look with an affected modesty: not
dimorars, Italian; demorari, Latin.] used. 3. To delay a process in law by doubts Your wife Octavia, with her modest eyes and objections. See DEMURRER. And still conclusion, shall acquire no honour,
Shalspeare Ta this plea the plaintiff demurredo
Demuring upon me.
Walton. 1. To pause in uncertainty ; to suspend
DEMU'RELY. adv. [from demure.] determination; to hesitate ; to delay
1. With affected modesty; solemnly; with the conclusion of an afiair.
pretended gravity. Upon this rub the English ambassadours
Put on a sober habit, drought fit to demur, and so sent into England to
Talk with respect, and swear but now and thea, 200cive directions from the lords of the council.
Wear prayer-books in my pocker, look demurely.
Esop's damsel, turned from a cat to a woman, sidder resolution in things wherein the devil of
sat very demurely at the board's end, till a nyeuse
Barca. Delplios would domnur.
ran before her. He must be of a very sluggish or querulous.
Next stood hypocrisy with holy leer, bumour, that shall demur upon setting out, or
Soft smiling, and demurely looking down; obe mand higher encouragements than the hope
But hid the dagger underneath the gown.. of heaven.
Decry of Picty. News of by death from rumour he receiv'd,
2. In the following line it is the same with And what he wish'd he easily believ'd;
solemnly. But long demurr'd, though froin my hand he
Hark, how the drums demurely uzke the kpet
sleepers! Plivd, 90 loth he was to think it true. Dryden. DEMU'RENESS. 9. s. [from dem:vores) 3. To doubt; to have scruples or diíncul
1. Modesty ; soberness; gravity of aspect
. ties; to deliberate.
"There is something in our composition that thinks and apprehends, and reflects and delibe
mouth and cheeks obeyed to that pretty decat rates, determines and douhes, consents and des nies; that wills and demars, and resolves, and chuses, and rejects.
Bentley TO DEMU'R.V.a. To doubt of.
The latter I denar; for in their looks Mudi reason, and in their actions, oft appears.
Milton. DEMU'R. n. s. [from the verb.] Doubt ; hesitation ; suspense of opinion.
the time appointed.
The DENT be fuse
Her eyes having in them such a cheerfulness as nature seemed to smile in them; though her ness, which the more one marked, the more one would judge the poor soul apt to believe.
Sidsen 2. Affected modesty ; pretended gravity.
lowance made by merchants to masters
1. c. manere in aliquo loco, col morari:]
ficulty in an action ; for, in every ac The denial of landing, and hasty warning us tion, the controversy consists either in away, troubled us much.
Bacon. the fact, or in the law : if in the fact,
He, at every fresh attempt, is repellid
With faint denials, weaker than before. Dryden. that is tried by the jury; if in law, then
4. Abjuration ; contrary to acknowledgis the case plain to the judge, or so
ment of adherence. hard and rare as it breedeth just doubt. We may deny God in all those acts that are I call that plain to the judge, wherein capable of being morally good or evil: those are he is assured of the law; and in such the proper scenes, in which we act our confescase the judge, with his associates, pro
sions or denials of him.
South. ceeds to judgment without farther work. DENI'ER. 1. s. [from deny.] But when it is doubtful to him and his
I. A contradicter ; an opponent ; one associates, then is there stay made, and
that holds the negative of a propoa time taken, either for the court to
sition. think farther upon it, and to agree, if
By the word Virtue the 'affirmer intends our
whole duty to God and man; and the denier by they can ; or else for all the justices to the word. Virtue means only courage, or, at mect together in the Chequer-chamber, most, our duty towards our neighbour, without and, upon hearing that which the ser including the idea of the duty which we owe to jeants can say of both parts, to advise,
Watts. and set down as law, whatsoever they 2. A disowner ; one that does not own or conclude firm, without farther remedy.
If it was so fearful when Christ looked his
Cowell. A prohibition was granted, and hereunto
denier into repentance, what will it be when be
shall look him into destruction? there was a demurrer. Ayliffe's Parergon.
South. DEN. 11. 5. (den, Saxon.]
3. A refuser; one that refuses.
It may be I am esteemed by my denier suf1. A cavern or hollow running horizon.
ficient of myself to discharge my duty to God as tally, or with a small obliquity, under a priest, though not to men as a prince. King Chi ground ; distinct from a hole which runs down perpendicularly.
DENI'ER. n. s. [from denarius, Lat. It is They here dispersed, some in the air, some
pronounced as deneer, in two syllables.] on the earth, some in the waters, some amongst
A small denomination of French moncy; the minerals, dens, and caves, under the earth. the twelfth part of a sous.
Hooker. You will not pay for the glasses you have 2. The cave of a wild beast.
burst? What! shall they co k the lion in his den,
No, not a denier.
Shakspeare. And shall not find him there?
TO DENIGRATE. v. a. (denigro, Lat.] The tyrant's der, whose use, though lost to To blacken ; to make black. fame,
By suffering some impression from fire, bodies Was now th' apartment of the royal dame; are casually or artificially denigrated in their naThe cavern, only to her father known,
tural complexion: thus are charcoals made black By him was to his darling daughter shown. by an infection of their own suffitus.
Brorun. Dryden. Hartshorn, and other white bodies, will be ”T is then the shapeless bear his den forsakes; denigrated by heat; yet camphire would not at In woods and filds a wild destruction makes. all lose its whiteness.
Boyle. Dryden. DenIGRATION: n. s. (denigratio, Lat.] 3. Den, the termination of a local name,
A blackening, or making black. may signify, either a valley or a woody These are the advenient and artificial ways of place; for the Saxon den imports both. denigration, answerable whereto may be the naGibson's Coinden. tural progress.
Brown, DENA'Y. n. s. [a word formed between
In several instances of denigration, the metals
are worn off, or otherwise reduced into very deny and nay. ] Denial'; refusal.
1. Beyle. To her in haste: give her this jewel; say, DENIZA’TION. N. s. [from denizen.) The My love can give no place, bide no deray.
act of enfranchising, or making free. DendrO'LOGY. 1. s. [divèsor and ózos.]
That the mere Irish were reputed liens, apThe natural history of trees.
pears by the charters of denization, which in all
ages were purchased by them. Davies, DENI'A BLE. adj. [from deny.] That may DENIZEN. 1. s. (from dinasddyn; I
be denied ; that to which one may re DE'NISON. man of the city; or' difuse belief.
nesydd, free of the city, Welsh.] A The negative authority is also deniable by rea
freeman; one enfranchised. Brown.
Denizen is a British law term; which the SaxDENI'AL. Ne s. [from den;.]
ons and Angles found here, and retained. Dav. 1. Nogation ; the contrary to affirmation. Thus the Almighty Sire began : Ye gods, 2. Negation; the contrary to confession. Natives, or denizins, of blest abodes,
No man more impudent todeny, where proofs From whence these murmurs? Dryden. were not manifest; no man more ready to con A great many plants will hardly, with nursing, fess, with a repenting manner of aggravating his be made to produce their seed out of their naown evil, where denial would but make the fault tiye soil; but corn, so necessary for all people, is fouler.
Sidney. fitted to grow, and to seed as a free denison of the 3. Refusal ; the contrary to grant, allowa world.
Grete. ance, or concession.
He summons straight his denizens of air; Here conies your father: never make denial;
The lucid squadrons round the sails repair. Pope. I must and will have Charine to my wife.
T. DE'NSLEN. v. a. (from the noun.] To Sbakspeare. enfranchise; to make frec.