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DECLAMA’TION. n. s. [declamatio, Lat.] To DECLARE. v. a. [declaro, Latin.]
A discourse addressed to the passions; 1. To clear; to free from obscurity. Not an harangue ; a set speech ; a piece of
in use. rhetorick.
To declare this a little, we must assume that The cause why declamations prevail so greatly
the surfaces of such bodies are exactly smooth. is, for that men suffer themselves to be de
Hooker. 2. To make known; to tell evidently and Thou mayest forgive his anger, while thou openly. makeșt use of the plainness of his declamation, It hath been declared unto me ci you, that Taylor. there are contentions among you.
1 Cor. DECLAMA'TOR, n. so [Latin.] A de
The sun by certain signs declares claimer; an orator; a rhetorician : sel
Both when the south projects a stormy day, dom used.
And when the clearing north will puff the clouds Who could, I say, hear this generous declama
Dryden's Virgil. tor, without being fired at his noble zeal? Tatler. 3. To publish; to proclaim. DECLAMATORY. adj. (declamatoritis,
Declare his glory among the heathen. 1 Chron.
4. To show in open view; to show an Latin.] 1. Relating to the practice of declaiming;
opinion in plain terms.
in Cæsar's army somewhat the soldiers would pertaining to declamation ; treated in
have had; yet they would not declare themselves the manner of a rhetorician.
in it, but only demanded a discharge. Bacon, This awhile suspended his interment, and be We are a considerable body, who, upon a procame a declamatory theme amongst the religious per occasion, would not fail to declare ourselves. Wotton
Addison, 2. Appealing to the passions.
To DECLA'R E. V. n. To make a declaraHe has run himself into his own declamatory tion; to proclaim some resolution or way, and almost forgotten that he was now set
opinion, or favour or opposition : with ting up for a moral poet.
Dryden. DECLA'R ABLE. adj. [from declare.] Ca
for or against.
The internal faculties of will and understanding pable of proof.
decreeing and declaring against them. Taylor. This is declarable from the best writers. Brown.
God is said not to have left himself without DECLARA'TION. N. s. [from declare.] witness in the world; there being something 1. A proclamation or affirmation ; open fixed in the pature of men, that will be sure to expression ; publication.
testify and declare for him.
Soutb's Sermons. His promises are nothing else but declarations Like fawning courtiers, for success they wait; what God will do for the good of men. Hooker, And then come smiling, and declare for fate. Though wit and learning are certain and habi.
Dryden. tual perfections of the mind, yet the declaration DECLA'REMENT. n. s. [from declare.] of them, which alone brings the repute, is sub Discovery: declaration testimony. ject to a thousand hazards.
Crystal will calefy into electricity; that is, There are no where so plain and full declara
into a power to attract straws, or light bodies; tions of mercy and love to the sons of men, as
and convert the needle freely placed: which is a are made in the gospel.
declaremnext of very different parts. Brown. 2. An explanation of something doubtful.
DECLARER. n. s. [from declare.) A Obsolete.
proclaimer; one that makes any thing 3. [In law.] Declaration declaratio) is
known. properly the shewing forth; or laying DECLENSION. n. s. (declinatio, Lat.] out, of an action personal in any suit,
1. Tendency from a greater to a less dethough it is used sometimes for both
Cowell. personal and real actions.
gree of excellence.
A beauty-waining and distressed widow, DECLA'R ATIVE. adj. [from declare.] Mak Ev’n in the afternoon of her best days, ing declaration ; explanatory.
Seduc'd the pitch and height of all his thoughts The names of things should be always taken To base declension. Sbakspeare's Rich. II, from something observably declarative of their
Take the picture of a man in the greenness and form or nature.
Grew. vivacity of his youth, and in the latter date and 2. Making proclamation.
declension of his drooping years, and you will To this we may add the vox populi, so declara
scarce know it to belong to the same person. tive on the same side. Swift.
Soutb's Sermonse DECLARATORILY. adv. [from declara- 2. Declination ; descent. tory.] In the form of a declaration; not We may reasonably allow as much for the de
clension of the land from that place to the sea, as in a decretory form.
for the immediate height of che mountain. Andreas Alciatus the civilian, and Franciscus
Burnet's Theory. de Cordua, have both declaratorily confirmed the same. Brorun's Vulgar Errours. 3. Inflection; manner of changing nouns.
Declension is only the variation or change of DECLARATORY.adj. [from declare. ] Af
the termination of a noun, whilst it continues to firmative; expressive ; not decretory;
signify the same thing. thing before promised or decreed. Thus, DECLI'NABLE. adj. (from decline. Ham.
ing variety of terminations ; as, a dea a declaratory law is a new act.confirma
clinable noun. ing a former law.
DECLINA'TION. n. s. (declinatio, Lat.) These blessings are not only declaratory of the
1. Descent; change from a better to a good pleasure and intention of God towards them, but likewise of the natural tendency of worse state; diminution of vigour; de. the thing.
Sometimes nations will decline so los
That empire must decline,
Sons at perfect age, and fathers declining, the DeclI'vous, adj. , declic'is, Lat.] Grade
The queen, hearing of the declination of a monarchy, took it so ill, as she would never after hear of his suit.
Bacon. 'Two general motions all animations have, that is, their beginning and increase; and two more, that is, their state and declination. Brown.
Hope waits upon the How'ry prime; And summer, though it be less gay,
Yet is uot look'd on as a time Of declination or decay.
Waller. 2. The act of bending down: as, a declina
tion of the head. 3. Variation from rectitude ; oblique motion ; obliquity.
Supposing there were a declination of atoms, yet will it not effect what they intend; for then they do all decline, and so there will be no more concourse than if they did perpendicularly descend.
Ray. This declination of atoms in their descent was itself either necessary or voluntary. Bentley 4. Deviation from moral rectitude.
That a peccant creature should disapprove and repent of every declination and violation of the rules of just and honest; this right reacon, discoursing upon the stock of its own principles, could not but infer.
South's Sermons. s. Variation from a fixed point.
There is no declination of latitude, nor variation of the clevation of the pole, notwithstanding what some have asserted.
Woodward. 6. [In navigation.] The variation of the
needle from the direction to north and
south, 7. (In astronomy.] The declination of a
star, we call its shortest distance from the equator.
Brown. 8. [In gram.nar.] The declension or in
flection of a noun through its various
terminations. 9. DECLINATION of a Plane [in dialling]
is an arch of the horizon, comprehended either between the plane and the prime vertical circle, if accounted from the east or west ; or else between the meridian and the plane, if accounted from the north or south.
Harris. DECLINA’Tor. n. s. [from decline.] DECII'NATORY. I An instrument in di
alling, by which the declination, reclina. tion, and inclination of planes are determined.
Chambers. There are several ways to know the several planes; but the readiest is by an instrument called a declinatary, fitted to the variation of your place.
Bid him shed tears, as being overjoy'd. Shaksp. 2. To deviate ; to run into obliquities.
Neither shalt thou speak in a cause to decline after
many, to wrest judgment. Exodus. 3. To shun; to avoid to do any thing. 4. To sink; to be impaired; to decay.
Opposed to improvement or exaltation.
And nature, which all acts of life designs,
, in the last declincs. Drake,
Autumnal warmth declines;
And now fair Phæbu's 'gan decline in haste
And leaves the semblance of a lorer, tiit
And love-dejected eyes.
He had wisely declined titat argument, though
Since the muses do invoke my pow's,
Though I the business did decline,
If it should be said that minute bodies are i
Could Caroline have been captivated with tile glories of this world, she had them all laid betwe her; but slie generously dedined them, becue she saw the acceptance of them was inconsistent with religion.
Whatever they judged to be most agreeables disagreeable, they would pursue or decline.
Atterberi. 3. To modify a word by various termina tions; to inflect.
You decline musa, and construe Latin, by the
of tendency to the less or the worse;
Thy rise of fortune did I only wed,
Those fathers lived in the decise of literatur?.
clination or obliquity reckoned Powi-
Stan DECO The
HE mere STOYE DECO
W mod TO DE
1. To pou tof N.
I found myself urithin my depth; and the do
to the shore. Gulliver's
sonSbaksp. They 'll be by th' fire, and presume to know What's done i''th' capitol; who's like to rise, Who thrives, and who declines. Sbakspeare,
To DECOʻCT. v. a. (decoquo, decoctum, the intercepted colours be let pass, they will fall Latin.]
upon this compounded orange, and, together 1. To prepare by boiling for any use ; to
with it, decompound a white.
2. To resolve a compound into simple digest in hot water. Sena loseth its windiness by decocting ; and
parts. This is a sense that has of late subtile or windy spirits are taken off by incension
crept irregularly into chymical books. or evaporation.
Bacon. DecoMPOʻUND. adj. (from the verb.) 2. To digest by the heat of the stomach. Composed of things or words already
There she decocts, and doth the food prepare; compounded ; compounded a second There she distributes it to every vein;
time. There she expels what she may fitly spare. Davies,
The pretended salts and sulphur are so far 3. To boil in water, so as to draw the
from being elementary parts extracted out of the strength or virtue of any thing.
body of mercury, that they are rather, to borrow The longer malt or herbs are decocted in liquor, a terna of the grammarians, decompound bodies, the clearer it is.
Bacon. made up of the whole metal and the menstruum, 4. To boil up toa consistence; to strength or other additaments employed to disguise it. en or invigorate by boiling : this is no
Nobody should use any compound or decomproper use. Can soddep water, their barley broth,
pound of the substantial verbs. Arbutó. and Pope. Decoct their cold blood to such valiant heat?Shak. DE'COR AMENT. n.s. (from decorate.] OrDeco'CTIBLE. adj. [from decoct.) That nament; embellishment.,
Dict. may be boiled, or prepared by boiling. To DE'CORATE. v.a. (decoro, Lat.) To
Dict.. adorn; to embellish; to beautify. Deco'CTION. n. so (decoctum, Lat.] DECORATION. n. s. [from decorate.] Or. 1. The act of boiling any thing, to extract nament; embellishment; added beauty. its virtues.
The ensigns of virtues contribute to the ornaIn infusion the longer it is, the greater is the ment of figures; such as the decorations belongpart of the gross body that goeth into the liquor;
ing to the liberal arts, and to war, Dryden. but in decoction though more goeth forth, yet it This helm and heavy buckler I can spare, either purgeth at the top, or settleth at the bot As only decorations of the war : tom.
Bacon. So Mars is arm'd for glory, not for need. Dryd. The lineaments of a white lily will remain · DECORATOR. n. s. [from decorate.] Án after the strongest decoction. Arbuthnot,
adorner; an embellisher. 2. A preparation made by boiling in water. Deco'rous. adj. [decorus, Lát.] Decent;
Dict. They distil their husbands land
suitable to a character; becoming; proIn decoctions ; and are mann'd With ten emp'rics, in their chamber
per; befitting ; seemly. Lying for the spirit of amber.
Ben Jonson. It is not so decorous, in respect of God, that If the plant be boiled in water, the strained li he should immediately do all the meanest and quor is called the decoction of the plant. Arbuth. triflingest things himself, without any inieriour DECO'CTURE, n. s. [from decoct.] A sub
or subordinate minister.
Ray. stance drawn by decoction.
TO DECO'RTICATE. v. a. [decortico, DECOLLATION. n. s. [decollatio, Latin.] Lat.) To divest of the bark or husk; to The act of beheading:
husk; to peel; to strip: He, by a decollation of all hope, annihilated his
Take great barley, dried and decorticated, mercy: this, by an immoderancy thereof, de after it is well washed, and boil it in water. stroyed his justice. Brorun,
Arbuthnos. DECOM FO'SITE. adj. [decompositus, Lat.] Decorticaʼtion. 1. s. [from decort).
Compounded a second time; compound cate.] The act of stripping the bark or ed with things already composite.
husk. Decomposites of three metals, or more, are too DECO'RUM. n. s. [Latin.] Decency ; belang to inquire of, except there be some compo
haviour con:rary to licentiousness, consitions of them already observed. Bacon. DECOMPOSI'tion. n. s. [decompositus,
trary to levity ; seemliness.
If your master Lat.] The act of compounding things Would have a queen his beggar, you must tell already compounded.
him We consider what happens in the compositions That majesty, to keep decorum, must and decompositions of saline particles. Boyle. No less beg than a kingdom. Shakspeare. TO DECOMPO’UND. v. a. (decompono, I am far from suspecting simplicity, which is Latin.]
bold to trespass in points of decorum.
Beyond the fix'd and settled rules 1. To compose of things already com
Of vice and virtue in the schools, pounded; to compound a second time;
The better sort shall set before 'em to form by a second composition.
A grace, a manner, a decorum.
Prior. Nature herself doth in the bowels of the earth
Gentlemen of the army should be, at least, make decompounded bodies; as we see in vitriol,
obliged to external decorun : a protrigate lito and cinnabar, and even in sulphur itself. Boyle. character should not be a means of advancement. When a word stands for a very complex idea,
Swift. that is compounded and decompounded, it is not He kept with princes due decorum, easy for men to form and retain that idea exactly. Yet never stood in awe before 'em. Strift.
Locke. If the violet, blue, and green be intercepted, To DECOʻY. v. a. (from koey, Dutch, a the remaining yellow, orange, and red, will com cage.) To lure into a cage; to entrap; pound upon the paper an orange; and then, if
to draw into a snare. VOL. I.
A fowler had taken a partridge, who offered There went 1 decre from Cæsar August, to decoy her companions into the snare.
that all the world scould be taxed.
L'Estrange. Are we condemn'd by fate's unjust doru
Tbomson, The Supreme Being is sovereignly good; te Deco'y, 1. s. (from the verb.] Allure rewards the just, and punishes the unfast: 21 ment to mischief; temptation.
the folly of maa, and not the decree of hearer,
is the cause of human calamity. The devil could never have had such numbers,
Bruk . had he not used some as decoys to ensnare others.
2. An established rule. Goverement of tbe Tongue.
When he made a decree for the rain, and a These exuberant productions of the earth be way for the lightning of the thunder. came a continual decry and snare: they cnly ex 3.
determination of a suit, or litigated cited and fomented justs
Woodward, An old dramdrinker is the devil's decoy. 4. [In canon law.) An ordinance, which
Berkley. DECO'YDUCK. 1. so A duck that lures
is enacted by the pope himself, by add
with the advice of his cardinals in others. There is a sort of ducks, called decoyducks,
council assembled, without being coathat will bring whole flights of fowl to their re sulted by any one thereon. tirements, where are conveniencies made for
Ayliffe's Parerger catching them.
Mortimer. DE-CREMENT. X. s. (decrementum, Latin.) T. DECREASE. v. n. (decresco, Latin.] Decrease; the state of growing less; be To grow less; to be diminished.
quantity lost by decreasing. From the moon is the sign of feasts, a light Upon the tropick, and first descension from that decreasetb in her perfection. Eccius. our solstice, we are scarce sensible of declinzoon!
Unto fifty years, as they said, the heart an but declining farther, our decrement acceleras nually increaseth the weight of one drachm; we set apace, and in our last days precipitzz after which, in the same proportion it decreasetb. to our graves.
Brown's Fulgar Errar Brown': Vulgar Errours, Rocks, mountains, and the other elevati When the sun comes to his tropicks, days in the earth, suffer a continual decreereat, and crease and decrease but a very little for a great lower and lower. while together,
Newtan. DECREʻPIT. adj. (decrepitus, Lat.) Was. To DECRE'ASE. v. a. To make less; to ed and worn out with age; in the ex diminish.
stage of decay. He did dishonourable find
Decrepit miser! base, ignoble wretch ! Staki, Thaşe articles which did our state decrease.
Of en's lives, in this decrepit age
of the world, Daniel,
many exceed fourscore, and some an hundrea Nor cherish'd they relations poor,
years. That might decrease their present store. Prior.
This pope is decrepit, and the bell goeth is Heat increases the fluidity of tenacious liquids, him; take order that there be chosen a pont of as of oil, balsam, and honey; and thereby de
fresh years. creases their resistance.
Decrepit superstitions, and such as bad lei DECRE'ASE. n. s. [from the verb.]
nativity in times beyond all history, are fi 1. The state of growing les ; decay. the observation of many heads.
Brest By weak’ning toil and hoary age o'ercome,
And from the north to call See thy decrease, and hasten to thy tomb. Prior. Decrepit Winier. 2. The wain"; the time when the visible
Who this observes, may in his body frd face of the moon grows less.
Decrepit age, but never in his mind. Destro,
Propp'd on his staff, and stooping as he cx} See in what time the seeds, set in the increase
A painted mitre shades his furrou'd brand; of the moon, come to a certain height, and how
The god, in this decrepit form array, they differ from those that are set in the decrease The gardens enter'd, and the fruits surrera of the moon.
Bacer. 1. DECRE’E. v. 11. [decretum, Latin.] The charge of witchcraft inspires people a To make an edict; to appoint by edict;
a malevolence towards those poor to to establish by law; to determine ; to
of our species, in whom human nature is detected
by infirmity and dotage. resolve.
They shall see the end of the wise, and shall TO DECREʻPITATE. v. 2. (decreta Lit pot understand what God in his counsel hath des
To calçine salt till it has ceased to a freed of him.
Ķle in the fire, Father eternal! thine is to decree;
So will it come to pass in a pot of salt, at han Mine, both in heay'n and earth, to do thy will, decrepitated
Brown's Valgar Erro!
Milton. DECREPITA’TION.n.s. (from across Had heav'n decreed that I should life enjoy, Ileav'n had decreed to save unhappy Troy. Dryd.
The crackli:g noise which salt inakts
, TO DECRE'E. v.a. To doom or assign by
when put over the fire in a crucibk. a decree. Thou shalt also decree a thing, and it shall be DECREPITUDE. The last stage of de
DecreʻPITNESS.) 2. s. (from decret established
cay; the last effects of old age. On just and weighty reasons, has decreed
Mother earth, in this her barrerness and His sceptre to the younger.
Rowe. crepitness of age, can procreate such swamas DECREE. n. s. (decretum, Latin.]
curious engines. 1. An edict ; a law.
DECRE'scent.adi.[from decresces „If you deny me, fe upon your law!
Growing less; being in a state of to There is no force in the decrees of Yenicé. Shak. crease:
DECRET AL. adj. (decretum, Latin.] Ap If but a mile she travel out of town, pertaining to a decree; containing a de The planetary hour must first be known,
And lucky moment: if her eye but akes,
Or itches, its decumbiture she cakes.
Dryden. crees either by himself, or else by the advice of De'cu PL.E. adj. (decuplus, Latin.) Tenhis cardinals; and this must be on his being con
fold ; the same number ten times res sulted by some particular person or persons peated. thereon.
Ayliffe's Parergon. Man's length, that is, a perpendicular from DECRETAL. n. s. (from the adjective.] the vertex unto the sole of the foot, is decuple 1. A book of decrees or edicis; a body of
unto his profundity, that is, a direct line be
tween the breast and the spine. laws. The second room, whose walls
Supposing there be a thousand sorts of insects
in this island; if the same proportion holds beWere painted fair with memorable gests
tween the insects of England and of the world, Of magistrates, of coarts, of tribunals,
as between plants domestick and exotick, that is, Of laws, of judgments, and of decretals. Spenser.
near a decuple, the species of insects will amount 2. The collection of the pope's decrees.
to tep thousand. Traditions and decretals were made of equal DECU'RTON. 1. s. (decurio, Lat.) A comforce, and as authentical, as the sacred charter itself. Howel's Vocal Forest.
mander over ten; an officer subordinate DE'CRETIST. n. s. (from decree.] One
to the centurion.
! He instituted decurions through both these cothat studies or professes the knowledge
lonies; that is, one over every ten famili's. of the decretal. The decretists had their rise and beginning DECU'RSION. n. s. [decursus, Lat.] The
Tempk. under the reign of the emperor Frederick Barbarossa.
act of running down.
What is decayed by that decursion of waters, DE'CRETORÝ. adj. [from decree.]
is supplied by the terrene feces which water 1. Judicial ; definitive.
Hale. There are lenitives that friendship will apply, DECURTA’TION. n. s. [decurtatio, Lat.) before it will be brought to the decretory rigours of a condemning sentence. Soutb's Sermons.
The act of cutting short, or shorten2. Critical; in which there is some defini
ing. tive event.
To DECU'SSATE. v. a. (decusso, Latin.] The motions of the moon, supposed to be mea
To intersect at acute angles. sured by sevens, and the critical or decretory days, This it performs by the action of a notable depend on that number.
Brown. muscle on each side, having the form of the letDecrI'AL, 1. s. [from decry.] Clamor..
ter X; made up of many tibres, decussating one
another longways. ous censure; hasty or noisy condemna.
Ray. tico; concurrence in censuring any DECUSS A'rion. n. s. [from decussate.] thing.
The act of crossing ; state of being T. DECRY'. v. a. (decrier, French.) To crossed at unequal angles.
censure; to blame clamorously; to cla Though there be decussation of the rays in the mour against.
pupil of the eye, and so the image of the object Malice in criticks reigns so high,
in the retina, or bottom of the eye, be inverted; That for small errours they whole play's decry.
yet doth not the object appear inverted, but in Dryden. its right or natural posture.
Ray. Those measures which are extolled by one To DEDECORATE. u. a. [dedecoro, half of the kingdom, are naturally decried by the Lat.) To disgrace; to bring a reproach other.
Diet. They applied themselves to lessen their authority, decried them as hard and unnecessary re
DE DECORATION. 1. s. [from dedecorate.) Rogers.
"The act of disgracing ; disgrace. Dict. Quacks and impostors are still cautioning us Dede'Corous. adj. [dedecus, Lat.] Disto beware of counterfeits, and decry others cheats only to make more way for their own. Swift; DEDENTITION. 1. s. (de and dentitio,
graceful; reproachful; shainetul. Dict. DECU'MBENCE. I n. s. (decumbo, Latin.]
Lat.) Loss or shedding of the teeth: DECU'M BENCY.) The act of lying down; Solon divided life into ten septenaries, because the posture of lying down.
in every one thereof a man received some senThis must come to pass, if we hold opinion sible mutation: in the first is detentition, or talle they lie not down, and enjoy no decumbence at ing of teeth. Brown's Vulgar Errours. all; for station is properly no rest, but one kind of motion. Brown's Vulgar Errours. To DEDICATE. v. a. [dedico, Lat.]
Not considering the ancient manner of decum 1. To devote to some divine power; to bency, he imputed this gesture of the beloved consecrate and set apart to sacred uses. disciple unto rusticity, or an act of incivility.
A pleasant grove
stately tree DECUMBITURE, n. s. [from decumbo, That didicated is to Olympick Jove, Latin.)
And to his son Alcides.
The princes offered for dedicating the aitar, in 1. The time at which a man takes to his
the day that it was anointed. Numbers. bed in a disease.
Warn'd by the seer, to her offended name e. (In astrology.) A scheme of the hea We rais'd, and dedicate, this wond'rous frame. vens erected for that time, by which the
Dryden. prognosticks of recovery or death are 2. To appropriate solemnly to any person discovered