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3. Vapidness of liquors ; loss of spirit.
Deadness or flatness in cyder is often occasioned by the too free admission of air into the vessels.
Mortimer. DE'ADNETTLE, n. s. A weed; the same
with archangel. DEAD-REC KONING. n. s. (a sea term.]
That estimation or conjecture which the seamen make of the place where a ship is, by keeping an account. of her way by the log, by knowing the course they have steered by the compass, and by rectifying all with allowance for drift or lee-way; so that this reckoning is without any observation of the sun, moon, and stars, and is to be reciified as often as any good observation can be
Sbakspeare. The chief design here intended is to instruct such as are deaf and dumb, and dumb only by consequence of their want of hearing. Holder.
If any sins afflict our life
I will be deaf to pleading and excuses;
Deaf with che noise, I took my hasty flight:
Nor silence is within, nor voice express,
The rest were seiz'd with sullen discontent,
v. a. [from denf.] To
deprive of the power of
From shouting men, and horns, and dogs, he
fies, Deafen'd and stunn'd with their promiscuous cries.
Addisoni. DE'AFLY. adv. (from deaf.] I. Without sense of sounds. 2. Obscurely to the ear. DE'AFNESS. n. s. [from dear:) 1. Want of the power of hearing; want of sense of sounds.
Those who are deaf and dumb, are dumb by consequence from their deafnes's. Holder.
The Dunciad had never been writ, but at his request, and for his deafness; for, had he been able to converse with me, do you think I had amused my time so ill?
Pope. . 2. Unwillingness to hear.
I found such a deafness, that no declaration
A great deal of that which had been, was now to be removed out of the church. Hooker. 2. Quantity ; degree of more or less. It
was formerly joined with different words, to limit its meaning; as, some deal, in some degree, to some amount: we now either say, a great deal, or a deal without an adjective ; but this is commonly, if not always, ludicrous or contemptuous.
When men's affections do frame their opinions, they are in defence of errour more earnest, a great deal, than, for the most part, sound believers in the maintenance of truth, apprehending, according to the nature of that evidence which scripture yieldeth.
Hooker. There is, indeed, store of matters, fitter and better a great deal for teachers to spend time and labour in.
Hooker, To weep with them that weep doth ease some But sorrow flouted at is double death. Sbaksp.
What a deal of cold business doth a man misspend the better part of life iu! In scattering compliments, and tendering visits. . Ben Jonson.
The charge some deal thee haply honour may, That noble Dudone had while here he liv'd.
Fairfax, Possibly some never so much as doubted of the safety of their spiritual estate; and, if so, they have so much the more reason, a great deal, to doubt of it.
Souib. The author, who knew that such a design as this could not be carried on without a great deal of artifice and sophistry, has puzzled and perplexed his cause.
Addison. 3. (from the verb To deal.]
The art or practice of dealing cards.
How can the muse her aid impart,
The deal, the shuffle, and the cut? Swift. 4. [deyl, Dutch.] Fir-wood, or the wood of pines.
I have also found, that a piece of deal, far thicker than one would easily imagine, being purposely interposed betwixt my eye placed in a room, and the clearer daylight, was not only somewhattransparent, but appeared quite through a lovely red.
Boyle on Colours. To DEAL. v. a. (oleelen, Dutch.] 1. To distribute; to dispose to different
private dealings among those who de em
Deal thy bread to the hungry, and bring the True logick is not that noisy thing that dels poor that are cast out to thy house. Isaiab. all in dispute, to which the former ages had de One with a broken cruncheon deals his blows. based it.
Wast' Lant Dryden. 7. To Deal with. To treat in any reziHis lifted arms around his head he throws, And deals in whistling air his empty blows. Dry.
ner; to use well or ill. The business of mankind, in this life, being
Neither can the Irish, nor yet the Engah rather to act than to know, their portion of
lords, think themselves wronged, sur lardo knowledge is dealt them accordingly.
dealt witb, to have that which is none of their
Addison. How Sprin prepares her banners to unfold,
own given to them.
Speziei”: Irene And Rome deals out her blessings and her gold.
Who then shall guide
His people? who defend? Will they nos e Had the great men of antiquity been possessed
Worse aoith his followers, than siib him ?
dealt? of the art of printing, they would have made an
If a man would have his conscience and advantage of it, in dealing out their lectures to the publick.
clearly with him, he must deal severciy that.
South's ST If you deal out great quantities of strong liquor to the mob, there will be many drunk.
God did not only exercise this providenza Watts.
wards his own people, but he dealt these
with other nations." 2. To scatter; to throw about.
But I will deal the more civilly with his Keep me from the vengeance of thy darts, Which Niobe's devoted issue felt,
poems, because nothing ill is to be spoken &
dead. When hissing through the skies the feather's You wrote to me with the freedom of atriz, deaths were dealt.
Dryden. dealing plainly with me in the matter of 3. To give gradually, or one after an own trifies. other.
Reflect on the merits of the cause, as seda The nightly mallet deals resounding blows. of the men, who have been thus dealt se
their country. 4. To distribute the cards.
8. TO DEAL with. To contend with. To DEAL. v. n.
If she hated me, I should know what it
to deal witb. 1. To traffick ; to transact business ; to
Gentlemen were commanded to remain out trade. It is generally better to deal by speech than by
country, to govern the people, easy to be
with whilst they stand in fear. Hayzen letter; and by a man himself, than by the medi
Then you upbraid me; I am pleas'd to see ation of a third.
You 're not so perfect, but can fail Gike me: This is to drive a wholesale trade, when all
I have no God to deal witb. other petty merchants deal but for parcels.
TO DEALBATE. V.
a. [dealbs, Li. They buy and sell, they deal and traffick.
To whiten; to bleach.
South. DE ALBA'TION, n. s. [dealbatio, LatiWith the fond maids in palmistry he deals, The act of bleaching or wbitening: They tell the secret which he first reveals. Prior.
rendering things white which were på 2. To act between two persons; to inter so before : a word in little use. vene.
All seed is white in viviparous animak, . Sometimes he that deals between man and
such as have preparing vessels, wherein in man raiseth his own credit with both, by pre ceives a manifold dealbation. tending greater interest than he hath in either.
n. s. (from To deal.] 3. To behave well or ill in any transac
1. One that has to do with any thing tion.
I find it common with these small seleri I doubt not, if he will deal clearly and impar
wit and learning, to give themselves a title :
their first adventure. tially, but that he will acknowledge all this to be true.
2. A trader or trafficker. 4. To act in any manner.
Where fraud is permitted and connived Two deep enemies,
honest dealer is always undone, and the gets the advantage.
Gallie's Ins Foes to my rest, and my sweet sleep's disturbers, Are they that I would have thee deal upon.
3. A person who deals the cards.
Sbakspeare. DE'ALING. n. s. (from To deal.)
Concerning the dealings of men who Such an one deals not fairly by his own mind, nister government, and into whom the EA nor conducts his own understanding aright. tion of that law belongeth, they have the
who sitteth in heaven. 6. To Deal in. To have to do with;
What these are, to be engaged in ; to practise.
Whose own hard dealings teach them to see
Sluts Suiters are so distasted with delays and abuses,
But this was neither one pope's fault, es that plain-dealing, in denying to deal in suits at
prince's destiny: he must write a story first, is grown not only honourable, but also
empire, that means to tell of all the best gracious.
in this kind. The Scripture forbids even the countenancing
2. Intercourse. a pocr man in his cause; which is a popular way of preventing justice, that some men have It were to be wished, that men vi dealt in, though without that success which they
mote the happiness of one another, it is proposed to themselves.
their influence. Among authors, none draw upon themselves more displeasure than hose who deal in political 3. Measure of treatment; mode is stic
Addison. one treats another.
God's gracious dealings with men are the aids Whom thou in terms so bloody, and so dear, and auxiliaries necessary to us in the pursuit of
Hast made thine enemies? Twelfth Night. piety. , Hammond.
Let us return, 4. Traffick ; business.
And strain what other means is left unto tis The doctor must needs die rich; he had great
In our dear-peril.
Timon. dealings in his way for many years. Swift.
Some dear cause DEAMBULA'TION. n. s. [deambulatio,
Will in concealment wrap me up
When I am known aright, you shall not grieve Latin.] The act of walking abroad.
Lending me this acquaintance.
King Lear. DeA'MBULATORY. adj. [deambulo, Lat ] Would I had met my dearest foe in heav'n, Relating to the practice of walking Or ever I had seen that day!
Thy other banish'd son, with his dear sight DEAN. n. s. [decanus, Latin ; doyen, Fr. Struck pale and bloodless. Titus Andron.
From the Greek word dixer; in English, DEAR. n. s. A word of endearment ; ten; because he was anciently set over
That kiss ten canons or prebendaries at least in
I carried from thee, dear; and my true lip some cathedral church. Ayliffe.] The
Hath virgin'd it e'er since.
Shakspeare. second dignitary of a diocese.
Go, dear, each minute does new danger bring. As there are two foundations of cathedral
Dryden. churches in England, the old and the new (the
See, my dear, new are those which Henry viu. upon sup How lavish nature has adorn'd the year. Dry; pression of abbeys transformed from abbot or DE'ARBOUGHT. adj. [dear and bought.] prior and convent, to dean and chapter), so there
Purchased at a high price. are two means of creating these deans; for those of the old foundation are brought to their dig
O fleeting joys
Of Paradise ! dearbought with lasting woe. Milt. nity much like bishops, the king first sending
Such dearbought blessings happen ev'ry day, out his congé d'elire to the chapter, the chapter
Because we know not for what things to pray. then chusing, and the bishop confirming them,
Dryden. and giving his mandate to instal them. Those
Forget not what my ransom cost, of the new foundation are, by a shorter course, installed by virtue of the king's letters -patent, DE'ARLING. n. s. (now written darling.]
Nor let my dearbought soul be lost. Roscommon. without either election or confirmation. This word is also applied to divers, that are
Favourite. chief of certain peculiar churches or chapels; as
They do feed on nectar, heavenly-wise, the dear of the king's chapel, the dean of the With Hercules and Hebe, and the rest Arches, the dean of St. George's chapel at Wind Of Venus' dearlings, through her bounty blest. sor, and the dean of Bocking in Essex. Cowell.
Spenser. The dear and canons, or prebends, of cathe- DE'ARLY. adv. (from dear.] dral churches, were of great use in the church; 1. With great fondness. they were not only to be of counsel with the
For the unquestionable virtues of her person bishop for his revenue, but chiefly for govern and mind, he loved her dearly.
Wolton. ment in causes ecclesiastical. Use your best
2. At a high price. means to prefer such to those places who are fit
It is rarely bought, and then also bought for that purpose.
Bacon. DE'ANERY. n. s. [from dean.]
Turnus shall dearly pay for faith forsworn; 1. The office of a dean.
And corps, and swords, and shields, on Tyber He could no longer keep the deanery of the
Clarendon. My father dotes: and let him still dote on; 2. The revenue of a dean.
He buys his mistress dearly with his throne. Put both deans in one; or, if that's too much
To DEARN. v. a. [Dyrnán, Sax. to hide.] Instead of the deans make the deanery double. To mend clothes. See DARN.
Swift. DE'ARNESS. n. s. [from dear.] 3. The house of a dean.
1. Fondness; kindness; love. Take her by the hand, away with her to the
My brother holds you well, and in dearness of deanery, and dispatch it quickly. Sbakspeare.
heart' hath hoped to effect your ensuing marDE'ANSHIP. n. s. [from dean.] The of. riage.
Sbakspeare. fice and rank of a dean.
The whole senate dedicated an altar to FriendDEAR. adj. [deor, Saxon.]
ship, as to a goddess, in respect of the great 1. Beloved ; favourite; darling.
dearness of friendship between them two. Bacon. Your brother Glo'ster hates you.
He who hates his neighbour mortaily, and Oh! no: he loves me, and he holds me dear.
wisely too, must profess all the dearness of Shakspeare.
friendship, with readiness to serve him. South. The dear, dear name she bathes in flowing
2. Scarcity; high price. tears;
Landlords prohibit tenants from plowing, Hangs o'er the tomb.
which is seen in the dearness of corn. Swift And the last joy was dearer than the rest. DE'ARNLY, advi [deorn, Sax.] Se
cretly ; privately; unseen. Obsolete. 2. Valuable; of a high price; costly. At last, as chanc'd them by a forest sive What made directors cheat, the South-sea
To pass, for succour from the scorching ray, year?
They heard a rueful voice, that dearnly cried To feed on ven’son when it sold so dear. Pope. With piercing shrieks.
Spenser. 3. Scarce; not plentiful: as, a dear gear. DEARTH, 1. s. (from dear.] 4. It seems to be sometimes used in Shak
1. Scarcity which makes food dear. speare for deer; sad ; hateful ; grievous. In times of dearth, it drained much coin out What foolish boldness brought thee to their of the kingdom, to furnish us with corn from mercies, foreign parts.
I myself knew a person of great sanctits, the
There was a poor young woms, that he
broright herself even to deato's-doar with grief
Dryden. DE'ATHSMAN, %. S. [death and mas.
There have been terrible years, dearths of corn, and every place is strewed with beggars;
Oft, as in airy wings they skim the heath, but deartbs are common in better clinates, and
The clam'rous lapwings feel the leaden death. our evils here lie much deeper. 2. Want; need; famine.
Swift. 10. (In theology.] Damnation ; eternal
We pray that God will keep us from all sa
and wickedness, from our ghostly enemy, and
from everlasting death, Church Catebum.
Millon. DE'ATHBED. 1. s. [death and bed.] The 3; Barrenness; sterility,
bed to which a man is confined by
Thou art on thy death-bid. Sbakpeare.
Thy death-bed is no lesser than the land çulus, Latin.] To disjoint; to dismem
Wherein thou liest in reputation sick. Sbekta ber.
These are such things as a man shall receti.
Dict. ber with joy upon his death-bed; such as shall DEATH. n. S.
chear and warm his heart, even in that last an! .[bea>, Saxon.]
Soutb': Sereitai 1. The extinction of life; the departure of the soul from the body.
Then round our deatb-bed ev'ry friend should
A death-bed repentance ought not indeed to
be neglected, because it is the last thing that ez
Fame can never make us lie down conter
edly on a deatb-bed.
He must his acts reveal,
of slaughter; destructive ; murdero's
. To his last hour of unrepenting death. Dryd. Your cruelty was such, as you would spare
SENT. 2. Mortality; destruction.
his life for many deathful torments.
Time itself, under the deathfil shade of these
wings all things wither, hath wasted that lirely To trade and traffick with Macbeth
virtue of nature in man, and beasts, and plants. In riddles and affairs of death? Shakspeare.
Raleirt. 3. The state of the dead.
Blood, death, and deathful deeds, are in that
noise; Their drenched natures lie, as in a death. Shak.
Ruin, destruction, at the utmost point Milua. 4. The manner of dying.
These cyes behold
The deathful scene; princes on princes roll'd. slain in the midst of the seas.
Ezekiel. 5. The image of mortality represented
DE'ATHLESS. adj. [from death.] Immor
tal; neverdying; everlasting, by a skeleton. I had rather be married to a death's head, with
God hath only immortality, though angels and
human souls be deathless. a bone in his niouth, than to either of these.
Their temples wreath'd with leaves, that still
For deathle;s laurel is the victor's duc. Dr.
Faith and hope themselves shall die,
Prot From that fresh upper skin,
While deathless charity remains. The gazer's joy, and sin.
DE'Atalike.adi. (death and like.] Re. 6. Murder; the act of destroying life un
sembling death ; still ; gloony; molawfully.
tionless; placid, calm; peaceful; unAs in manifesting the sweet influence of his
disturbed; resembling either the har mercy, on the scere stroke of his justice; so in
rours or the quietness of death. this, not to suffer a man of death to live. Bacon.
Why dost thou let thy brave soul lie supprest 7. Cause of death.
In deathlike slumbers, while thy dangers crave They cried out, and said, O thou man of God,
A waking eye and hand? there is death in the pot!
A deathlik, sleep'.
Kints. He caught his death the last county-sessions, where he would go to see justice done to a poor widow woman.
Addison. 8. Destroyer.
A deatblike silence, and a dread repose. People
Truhne da. It is now a low phrase:
was afflicted to death's-deer with a vomiting. They hear a dreadful noise, and straight expire. Sounded at once the bow, and swiftly flies
Dryden. The feather's death, and hisses thro' the skies.
for her sick liusband,
A gentle wafting to immortal life!
On seas, on earth, and all that in them duell,
approach to death; the gates of death,
Tüylor's Wortby Communicat
Executioner; hangman; headsman; he terated and Jebased in the times and troubles of that executes the sentence of death. king Scephen.
Hala He's dead; I'm only sorry
Words so debas'd and hard, no stone He had no other deathsman.
Was hard enough to touch them on, Hudibras, As deathsmen you have rid this sweet young
DE BAʼSEMENT. n.s. (from debase.] The prince.
Sbakspeare. act of debasing or degrading; degraDE'ATHWATCH. A. s. [death and wateb,] dation.
An insect that makes a tinkling noise It is a wretched debasement of that sprightly like that of a watch, and is superstiti.
faculty, the tongue, thus to be made the interously imagined to prognosticate death. preter to a goat or boar. Gov. of the Tongue. The solemn deatbevalcb click'd the hour she DEBA'str. n. s. from debase. J He that dicd.
debases; he that adulterates; he that We learn to presage approaching death in a degrades another; he that sinks the vafamily by raveils, and little worms which we lue of things, or destroys the dignity of therefore call a deathwatch.
Watts. Misers are muckworms, silkworms beaus,
persons. And deathevatches physicians.
DE BA'T ABLE. adj. (from debate.) Dis
putable; subject to controversy. TO DEA'URATE. v.a. [deauro, Lat.)
The French requested, that the debatable To gild or cover with gold. Dict. ground, and the Scottish hostages, might be reDE AURA'TION. n. so (from deaurate.] stored to the Scots.
Hayward The act of gilding.
DEBA'TE. n. s. [debat, French.] DEBACCHA'TION.». s. [debacchatio, Lat.)
1. A personal dispute ; a controversy:
A way that men ordinarily use, to force others A raging; a madness.
to submit to their judgments, and receive their To DEBA'R. v. a. (from bar.] To ex opinion in debate, is to require the adversary to clude ; to preclude; to shut out from admit what they allege as a proof, or to assign a
better. any thing ; to hinder.
Locke The same boats and the same buildings are
It is to diffuse a light over the understanding, found in countries debarred from all commerce
in our enquiries after truth, and not to furnish by unpassable mountains, lakes, and deserts. the tongue with debate and controversy. Watts,
Raleigh's Essays. 2. A quarrel; a contest: it is not now Not so strictly hath our Lord impos'd
used of hostile contest. Labour, as to debar us when we need
Now, lords, if heav'n doch give successful end Refreshment; whether food, or talk between, To this debate that bleedeth at our doors, Food of the inind.
Milton. We will our youth lead on to higher tields, Civility, intended to make us easy, is em And draw no swords but what are sanctified. ployed in laying chains and fetters upon us, in
Shakspeare. debarring us of our wishes, and in crossing our 'Tis thine to ruin realms, o'erturn a state; most reasonable desires.
Swift. Betwixt the dearest friends to raise debate. Dry. To DEBA'R B. v.a. [from de and barba, To DE BA’TE. v.a. [debattre, French.) To
Lat.] To deprive of his beard. Dict. controvert; to dispute; to contest.
Dict. and discover not a secret to another. Proverbs. To DEBA'SE. v. a. (from base. ]
He could not debate any thing without some
cominotion, even when the argument was not of 1. To reduce from a higher to a lower
To DEBA'TE. V.n. Homer intended to teach, that pleasure and
Broome. sensuality debase men into beasts.
1. To deliberate.
Your sev'ral suits As much as you raise silver, you debase gold :
Have been consider'd and debated on. for they are in the condition of two things put
Sbaksp. in opposite scales; as much as the one rises,
2. To dispute. the other fails.
Locke, He presents that great soul debating upon the 2. To make mean; to sink into mean
subject of life and death with his intimate friends.
Tatler. ness; to make despicable; to degrade. It is a kind of taking God's name in vain, to
DE BA’TEFUL. adj. [from debate.] debase religion with such frivolous disputes.
[. [Of persons.] Quarrelsome ; conten
Hooker. tious. A man of large possessions has not leisure to 2. [Of things.] Contested ; occasioning consider of every slight expence, and will not
quarrels. debase himself to the management of every trifle.
DEBA'TEMENT. n. s. [from debate.] Con
Without debatement further, more or less, Made impotent by pow'r, debasid by dignity.
He should the bearers put to sudden death. 3. To sink ; to vitiate with meanness.
Sbakspeare. He ought to be careful of not letting his sub
DEBA'Ter. n. s. (from debate.] A dis. ject debuse his style, and betray himn into a mean putant; a controvertist. ness of expression.
Addison. TÖ DEBA'UCH. v. a. [debaucher, Fr. Hunting after arguments to make good one
debacchari, Lat.] side of a question, and wholly to refuse those which favour the other, is so far from giving
1. To corrupt; to vitiate.
A man must have got his conscience thotruth its true value, that it wholly debases it.
roughly debauched and hardened, before he can Locke. arrive to the height of sin
South. 4. To adulterate ; to lessen in value by This it is to counsel things that are unjust; base admixtures.
first to dehauch a king to break his laws, and He reformed the in, which was much adul then to seek protection.