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vessel in which water is carried on a Jason is as coy as is a maide; pole between two.
He looked piteously, but nought he said. Charutung
2. Reserved ; not accessible; not easily COW L-STAFF. n. s. [cowl and staff:]
condescending to familiarity. The staff on which a vessel is supported And vain delight she saw he light did pass, between two men.
A foe of folly and immodest toy; Mounting him upon a cowl-staff,
Still solemn sad, or still disdainful cəy. Spenst, . Which (tossing him something high)
Like Phæbus sung the no less am'rous boy: He apprehended to be Pegasus. Suckling. Like Daphne she, as lovely and as con. Waller.
The way by a cowl-staff is safer: the staff At this season every smile of the sun, like must have a bunch in the middle, somewhat the smile of a coy lady, is as dear as it is uncom wedge-like, and covered with a soft bolster. Wiseman. The Nile's coy source.
Grsiapan Co'wslip, n. s. [paralysis; cuslippe, To Cox. v. n. (from the adjective.]
1. To behave with reserve; to reject for Sax. as some think, from their resem. blance of scent to the breath of a cow;
miliarity. perhaps from growing much in pas
What, coging it again!
No more; but make me happy to my gust, ture grounds, and often meeting the That is, without your struggling. "Dryda, cow's lip.]
Retire ! I beg you, leave me Cowslip is also called pagil, grows wild in the -Thus to coy it! meadows, and is a species of primrose. Miller. With one who knows you too! Rox.
He might as well say, that a cowslip is as 2. To make difficulty; not to condescend white as a lily.
Sidney. willingly. Where the bee sucks, there suck 1;
If he coy'd In a cou'slip's bell I lie.
To hear Cominius speak, I 'll keep at home. Thy little sons Permit to range the pastures: gladly they
Sbakspeare's Corials Will mow the cowslip posies, faintly sweet.
To Coy. v. a. [for decos.] To allure. Pbilips.
Not in use.
I 'll mountebank their loves, COWS-LUNGWORT. N. s. A species of Coy their hearts from them, and come home bemullein.
loved CO'XCOMB. 9. s. [cock and comb, corrupted coʻrly. adv. (from cop.] With reserve;
Of all the trades in Rome. Shakspeers from cock's comb.] 1. The top of the head.
with disinclination to familiarity. As the cockney did to the eels, when she put
This said, his hand he coyly snatch'd away them i the pasty alive; she rapt them oth? Co'rness. n. s. [from coy.) Reserve ;
From forth Antinous' hand. Chapman corcombs with a stick, and cried, Down, wantons, down!
unwillingness to become familiar. 2. The comb resembling that of a cock,
When the sun hath warmed the earth and which licensed fools wore formerly in
water, three or four male carps will follow a fe. male; and she putting on a seeming corress, they
force her through weeds and fags. There, take my coxcomb: why, this fellow When the kind nymph would coyzess feign; has banished two of his daughters, and did the And hides but to be found again.
Dryde. third a blessing against his will; if thou follow COʻYSTREL. 7. s. A species of degenerate him, thou must needs wear my coxcomb. Sbaks.
hawk. 3. A fop; a superficial pretender to
One they might trust, their common Wroas knowledge or accomplishments.
to wreak: I sent to her,
The musket and the coystrel were too weak, By this same coxcomb that we have i' th' wind,
Too fierce the falcon.
Drycket Tokens and letters, which she did resend. Shak. Coz. n. s. I scorn, quoth she, thou concomb silly,
A cant or familiar word, corQuarter or counsel from a foe. Hudibras,
tracted from cousin. It is a vanity for every pretending coxcomb to
Be merry, coz; since sudden sorrow make himself one of the party still with his
Serves to say thus, some good thing comes to betters.
Skaispers They overflowed with smart repartees; and To COʻZEN. v. a. (To cose is in the old were only distinguished from the intended irits Scotch dialect, as Fanius observes, to by being called coxcombs, though they deserved chop or change; whence Coxs, 13 not so scandalous a name.
Dryden. cheat; because in such traffick there i Some are bewilder'd in the maze of schools; And some made coxcombs, nature meant but
commonly fraud.] To cheat; to trick; fools.
to defraud. 4.' A kind of red flower.
Let the queen pay never sa fully, let me
muster-master view them never so diligently CoxCO'MICAL. adj. [from coxcomb.] Fop let the deputy or general look to them neve: ss
pish; conceited : a low word, un exactly, yet they can cezer them all. Sans", worthy of use.
Goring loved no man so well but that Because, as he was a very natural writer, and
would cozen hin, and expose him to put they were without prejudice,
without prepo: ses
mirth for having been cetuned. sion, without affectation, and without the influe He that suffers a government to be abused ence of cox comical, senseless cabal, they were at
carelessness or neglect, does the same liberty to receive the impressions which things
with him that maliciously and corrupur si Caturally made on their ininds. Dennis.
himself to cozen it. COY. adj. [coi, French ; from quietus,
You are not obliged to a literal belief of time Latin.)
the poets says; but you are pleased with 13
imgee, without being cozered by the fiction. 1. Modest : decent
What if I please to lengthen out his date 1. Peevish; morose ; cynical ; sour. A day, and take a pride to cozen fate? Dryd. A man of years, yet fresh, as mote appear;
Children may be cozened into a knowledge of Of swarth complexion, and of crabled bue, the letters; and be taught to read, without per That him full of melancholy did shew. Spenser. ceiving it to be any thing but a sport. Locke.
0, she is CoʻZENAGE, n. s. [from cozen.] Fraud ; Ten times more gentle than herfather'scrabbed; deceit; artifice; fallacy; trick; cheat ;
And he 's compos'd of harshness. Shekspeure, the practice of cheating.
2. Harsh ; unpleasing. 'They say this town is full of cozenage;
That was when As, nimble jugglers that deceive the eye,
Three crabbed months had sour'd themselves to Disguised cheaters.
Ere I could make thee open thy white hand, sozenage; and therefore the reputation of ho
And clepc thyself iny love. Shakspeare. nesty must tirsi be gotten, which cannot be but
How charming is divine philosophy! by líving well: a good life is a main argument.
Not harsh and crabbed, as dul fools suppose;
But musical as is Apollo's lute,
And a perpetual feast of nectar'd sweets,
Where no crude surfeit reigns. Milton
3. Difficult; perplexing. Like certain colours mingled so and so,
Beside, he was a shrewd philosopher,
And had read ev'ry text and gloss over ;
Whate'er the crabbed'st author hath, Imaginary appearances offer themselves to oår He understood b' implicit faith. Hudibras. impatient minds, which entertain these counter Lucretius had chosen a subject naturally crabo, feits without the least suspicion of their cozer
Your crabbed rogues that read Lucretius Strange cozinage ! none would live past years
Are against gods, you know.
CRABBEDLY. adv. [from crabbed.] Pee. Yet all hope pleasure in what yet remain; And from the drgs of life think to receive
vishly; morosely; with perplexity. What the tirst sprightly running could not give. CRA'B BEDNESS. 1. s. [from crabbed.]
Dryd. Aur. 1. Sourness of taste.
2. Sourness of countenance; asperity of fraud and cozenage of trading men and shop
CRA'BER. n. s.
poor fish have enemies enough, beside therefore it behoves me to be wary.
Slaks. such unnatural fishermen; as otters, the cormoCRAB. n. s. (crabba, Sax. krabbe, Dut.] rant, and the craber, which some call the wates. 1. A crustaceous fish.
Walton's Angler. Those that cast their shell are, the lobster, CRABS-EYES. n. s. Whitish bodies, the crub, the crawfish, the hodmandod or dod
rounded on one side and depressed on man, and the tortoise. The old shells are never
the other, heavy, moderately hard, and found; so as it is like they scale off, and crumble antay by degrees.
Bacon's Nat. Hist.
without sinell. They are not the eyes The fox catches crab fish with his tail, which of any creature, nor do they belong to Olaus Magnus saith he himself was an eye-wit the crab, but are produced by the comness of.
mon crawfish : the stones are bred in 2. A wild apple; the tree that bears a
two separate bags, one on each side of wild apple.
the stomach. They are alkaline, abNeble stock
sorbent, and in some degree diuretick. Was graft with crab tree slip, whose fruit thou Sbakspeare.
Hill. Fetch me a dozen crab tree staves, and strong
Several persons had, in vain, endeavoured to enes; these are but switches. Sbakspeare.
store themselves with crabs-eyes, Boyle. When roasted crabs hiss in the bowl, CRACK. n. s. [kraeck, Dutch.] Then nightly sings the staring owl. Sbakspeare. Tell why á graft, taking nourishment from a
1. A sudden disruption, by which the crab stock, shall have a fruit more noble than its parts are separated but a little way from nurse and parent.
cach other. 3. A peevish morose person.
2. The chink, fissure, or vacuity, made by 4. A wooden engine with three claws for disruption; a narrow breach. launching of ships, or heaving them
Contusions, whon great, do usually produce a into the dock.
fissure or crack of the skull, either in the same
part where the blow was inflicted, or in the con5. The sign in the zodiack.
Wiseman, Then parts the 'Twins and Crab, the Dog di At length it would crack in many places; vides,
and those cracks, as they dilated, would appear And Argo's keel that broke the frothy tides.
of a pretty good, but yet obscure and dark, Creech. sky-colour.
Newton's Opticks. CR A B. adj. It is used by way of contempt 3. The sound of any body bursting or
for any sour or degenerate fruit; as, a crab cherry, a crab plum...,
If I say sooth, I must report they were Better gleanings their worn soil can boast As cannons overcharg'd with double cracks. Than the crab vintage of the neighb’ring coast.
Sbakspeare's Macbeth. CR A'BBED. adj. [from crab.]
Dryde. Now day appears, and with the day, the king,
Whose early care had robb'd him of his restt
Par off the cracks of falling houses ring, by we were reduced to make use of one party And shrieks of subjects pierce his tender breast. which was straight and intire. Bojke
Dryden. 2. To fall to ruin. 4. Any sudden and quick sound.
The credit not only of banks, but of eacheA fourth ?-start, eye!
quers, cracks, when little comes in and mud What, will the line stretch out to th' crack of
Sbukspeare. 3. To utter a loud and sudden sound. Vulcan was employed in hammering out thun I will board her, though she chide as lond derbolts, that every now ani then few up from
As thunder when the clouds in autumn croce. the anvil with dreadful cracks and fashes. Addis.
Sbakspear: 5. Change of the voice in puberty. 4. To boast: with of.
And let us, Paladour, though now our voices To look like her, are chimney-sweepers blac, Have got the mannish crack, sing him to th' And since her time are colliers counted bright; ground.
Sbakspears. And Ethiops of their sweet completion crack: 6. Breach of chastity.
Dark needs no candles now, for dark is light. I cannot
Sbatsbear Believe this crack to be in my dread mistress, CRACK-BRAINED. adj. [crack and brain
So sovereignly being honourable. Sbakspeare. ed.) Crazy; without right reason. %. Craziness of intellect.
We have sent you an answer to the illeground8. A man crazed.
ed sophisins of those crack-brained fellows I have invented projects for raising millions
Arbut brct and Post without burthening the subject; but cannot get CRACK-HEMP. 1. s. (crack and hemp the parliament to listen to me, who look upon me as a crack and a projector. Addison.
A wretch fated to the gallows; a crack: 9. A whore, in low language.
Come hither, crack-bent IO.
I hope I may chuse, sir,
-Come hither, you rogue : All those against that tort did bend their batteries.
What, have you forgot me? Sbetter
Spenser. II. A boaster. This is only in low
CRACK-ROPE. 11. s. (crack and rspc.) A
fellow that deserves hanging. phrase. TO CRACK. 21. n. [kraecken, Dutch.] CR'ACKER, n. s. [from crack.] 1. To break into chinks; to divide the 1. A noisy boasting fellow. parts a little from each other.
What cracker is this same, that deafs our ean Look to your pipes, and cover them with fresh With this abundance of superfluous breath? and warm litter out of the stable, a good thick.
Slikspeare's Kias y ness, lest the frost crack them. Mortimer. 2. A quantity of gunpowder confined su 2. To break; to split.
as to burst with great noise. 0, madam, my heart is crack'd, it's crack'd. The Fladder, at its breaking, gave a gre
report, almost like a cracker. Thou wilt quarrel with a man for cracking And when, for furious haste to run, nuts, having no other reason but because thou They durst pot stay to fire a gun, hast hazel eyes.
Sbakspeare. Have done 't with bonfires, and at home Should soune wild fig tree take her native Made squibs and crackers overcome. Hodibina bent,
Then furious he begins his march, And heave below the gaudy monument,
Drives rattling o'er a brazen arch, Would crack the marble titles, and disperse With squibs and trackers arm'd, to throw The characiers of all the lying vorse. Dryden. Among the trembling crowd below, Stry Or as a lute, which in moist weather rings
To CRACKLĖ, w n. (from cracéa] T. Her knell alone, by cracking of her strings.
make slight cracks; to make spall and Honour is like that glassy bubble
frequent noises ; to decrepitate. That finds philosophers such trouble;
All these motions, which we saw, Whose least part cruck'd, the whole does fly, Are but as ice which crackles at a thaw. Derste And wits are crack'd to find out why. Hudibras.
I fear to try new love, 3. To do any thing with quickness or As boys to venture on the unknown ice
That crackles underneath them. smart ne 58. Sir Balaam no's, he lives like other folks;
Caught her dishevell'd hair and rich ature; He takes his chirping pint, he cracks his jokes.
Her crown and jewels crackled in the tire. Pope.
Marrow is a specifick in that scurvy which . To break or destroy any thing. You'll crack a quart together! Ha, will you
casions a crackling of the bones; in which case got?
marrow performs its natural function of * Love coots, friendship falls off, brothers di- CRA'CKNEL. 18. s. [from crack.) A bzne
Arbstbrat es den vide: in cities, inutinies; in countries, discord; in palaces, treason; and the bond cracked 'twixt brittle cake.
son and father. Sbakspeare's King Lear. Albee my love he seek with daily sitt, 3. To craze; to weaken the intellect. His clownish gifts and curtesies I disdain, I was ever of opinion, that the philosopher's
His kids, his crackne's, and his early fruit stone, and an holy war, were but the rendezvous of cracked brains, that wore their feather in
Pay tributary cracknels, which he slls; their heads.
Bacon's Holy War.
And with our offerings help to raise his rat He thought none poets till their brains were cracks.
Roscommon CRADLE. n. s. [cradel, Saxon. TO CRACK. V. n.
1. A moveable bed, on which children et 1. To burst ; to open in chinks.
sick persons are agitated with a $1.00 By misfortune it cracked in the cooling; where and equal motion, io make them skaf
She had indeed, sir, a son for her eradle, ere play tricks; to practise artifice. Out she had a husband for her bed. Sbakspeare. No jutting frieze,
You've made fair hands, Buttrice, nor coigne of vantage, but this bird
You and your crafts! You've crafted fair. Hath made his pendant bed and procreant cradle.
Sbakspeare's Coriolanus, Shakspeare. CRA'rtily. adv. [from crafty.) CunHis birth, perhaps, some paltry village hides, And sets his cradle out of fortune's way. Dryid.
ningly; artfully; with more art thah A child knows his nurse and his cradle, and by
honesty. degrees the playthings of a little more advanced
But that which most impaired his credit, was age.
Locke. the common report that he did, in all things, faThe cradle and the tomb, alas, so nigh!
vour the christians; and had, for that cause, To live is scarce distinguish'd from to die. Prior.
craftily persuaded Solyman to take in hand the Me let the tender office long engage,
unfortunate Persian war.
K::ollas. To rock the cradle of reposing age;
May he not craftily infer With lenient arts extend a mother's breath,
The rules of friendship too severe, Make languor smile, and smooth the bed of
Which chain him to a hated trust; death.
Which make hin) wretched to be just ? Prior. 2. It is used for infancy, or the first part CRAFTINESS, n. s. [from crafty.] Cun. of life.
ning ; stratagem. He knew them to be inclined altogether to
He taketh the wise in their own craftiness., war; and therefore wholly trained them up, even from their cradles, in arms and military exer
CRA'FTSMAN, 1. s. [craft and man.) An cises,
Spenser's Ireland. artificer; a manufacturer; a mechanick. The new duke's daughter, her cousin, loves That her became, as polish'd ivory, her; being ever, from
their cradles, bred toge Which cunning craftsman's hand hath overlaid ther. Shakspeare's As you like it. With fair vermillion.
Spenser. They should scarcely depart from a form of What reverence he did throw away on slaves; worship, in which they had been educated from Wooing poor craftsmen with the craft of seniles. their cradle. Clarendon.
What a resemblance this advice carries to the 3. [With surgeons.] A case for a broken
oration of Demetrius to his fellow craftsmen ! bone, to keep off pressure.
Decay of Piety. 4. [With shipwrights.] A frame of tim
CRA'FTSMASTER. N. s. [craft and maber raised along the outside of a ship by the bulge, serving more securely and
ster.] A man skilled in his trade.
He is not his craftsmaster, he doch not do it commodiously to help to launch her.
Sbakspeare. Harris. There is art in pride; a man might as soon
learn a trade. Those who were not brought up To CRA'DLE. v.a. [from the substantive.] To lay in a cradle ; to rock in a cradle.
to it, seldom prove their craftsmaster. Collier. He that hath been cradled in majesty, will not
CRA'Fty. adj. [from craft.] Cunning; leave the throne to play with beggars. Glanville. artful ; full of artifices; fraudulent; sly.
The tearsstealfrom our eyes, when in the street Nay, you may think my love was crafty love, With some betrothed virgin's herse we meet;
And call it cunning. Shakspeare's King Johan Or infant's fun'ral, from the cheated womb
This oppression did, of force and necessity, Convey'd to earth, and cradled in a toinb. Dry. make the Irish a crafty people ; for such as are
He shall be cradled in my ancient shield, so oppressed, and live in slavery, are ever put to famous through the universities. Arb, and Pope. their shifts.
Davies on Ireland. CRADLE-CLOTHES. n. s. (from cradle
Before he came in sight, the crafty god
His wings dismiss'd, but still retain'd his rod. and clothes.] Bedclothes belonging to
Dryden. a cradle.
Nobody was ever so cunning as to conceal O! could it be prov'd
their being so; and every body is shy and disThat some night-tripping fairy had exchang'd, trustful of crafty men.
Locke, In cradle-cloaths, our children where they lay,
CRAG. n. s. And call'd mine Percy, his Plantagenet; Then would I have his Harry, and he mine. 1. Crag is, in British, a rough steep rock,
Svakspeare. and is used in the same sense in the CRAFT. 7. s. (chæft, Sax. crefft, in old northern counties at this day. Gibson. Welsh.]
2. The rugged protuberance of a rock. I. Manual art ; trade.
And as mount Etna vomits sulphur out, I hear an objcction, even from some well
With clifts of burning crags, and fire aud smoke.
Fairfax. meaning men, that these delightful crafts may be divers ways ill-applied in a land.
Who hath dispos’d, but thou, the winding way, 2. Art; ability; dexterity.
Where springs down from the steepy crags do beat?
IV oiton. A poem is the work of the poet; poesy is his
A lion spied a goat upon the crag of a high skill or craft of making, the very fiction itself
L' Estrange of the work.
3. The neck. 3. Fraud ; cunning; artifice.
They looken bisse, as bulls that been bate, Th' offence is holy that she hath committed ;
And bearen the cruc so stiff and so state. Spen. And this deceit loses the name of craft, Of disobedience, or unduteous title. Sbak.
4. The small end of a neck of mutton : a This gives us a full view of wonderful art and low word. waft in raising such a structure of power and CRAGGED. adj. [from crog.] Full of Iniquity.
Ayliffe. inequalities and prominences. Small sailing vessels.
On a huge hill, TO CRAFT. V. n. (from the noun.] TO Crwoged and stcep, truth stanús.
CRANE. 11. 5. (chan, Sax. kraen, Dut.]
Like a crane, or a swallow, so did I chatter.
CRA'GGED NĖSS. 1. s. [from cragged.] 1. A spasm or contraction of the lizzy
generally removed by warmth and ruh
For this, be sure, to-night thou shalt bor
cramp!, CRA'GGINESS. n., s. [from craggy.]
Side-stitches that shall pen thy breath up. Skal state of being craggy.
In a retreat he outruns any lacquey; mary CR A'GG. adj. [from crag.] Rugged ;
in coming on, he has the crampSbakugan full of prominences ; l'ough to walk on,
The cramp cometh of contraction of site or climb.
which is manifest, in that it comerh either ha That same wicked wight
cold or dryness.
Bacon's N. HE
Hares, said to live on hemlock, do not ne
good the tradition; and he that observes where
Vertigoes,cramps, and convulsions, follow theren
2. A restrietion; confinement; obstru:
A narrow fortune is a cramp to a great neizdo
and lays a man under incapacities of serving this
L'Estienne The town and republick of St. Marino stands 3. A piece of iron bent at each end, if on the top of a very high and
which two bodies are held together.
dadison on Italy. TO CRAM. v. a. (cramman, Saxon.]
To the uppermost of these there should be
fastened a sharp grapple, or crcarp of iron, which 1. To stuff ;. to fill with more than can may be apt to take hold of any place where to conveniently be held.
lights. As much love in rhyme,
CRAMP.adj. Difficult; knotty: a lor As would be cramm'd up in a sheet of paper,
term. Writ on both sides the leat, margent and all.
To CRAMP. v.a. [from the noun.]
Sbakspeare. 1. To pain with cramps or twitches.
, er's Ford's knaves were called. Sbakspeare.
then Thou hast spoke as if thy eldest son should be A waterish humour swelld, and ooz'd again. a fool, whose skull Jove cram with brains. Sbak.
Dryden': Virgi. Cram not in people by sending too fast company after company; but so as the number may
2. To restrain; to confine; to obstruct; live well in plantation, and not by surcharge be
to hinder. in penury.
It is impossible to conceive the number of in&. To fill with food beyond satiety.
conveniences that will ensue, if borrowing be You'd mollify a judge, would cram a squire;
cramped. Or else some smiles from caurt you may desire.
There are few but find that some companies
benumb and cramp them, so that in them ebey
can neither speak nor do any thing that is hando
* Glanville's Seefais
. eases, if they were not crammed so much as they are by fond mothers, and were kept wholly
He who serves has still restraints of dread upca from fiesh the first three years.
cramps and ties up his activity. Soutl's Sora. want of digestion, is never nourished; so these
Dr. Hammond loves to contract and cramp
Burnet's Theory endless readers may crain themselves in vain
the sense of prophecies. with intellectual food. Walls on the Mind.
The antiquaries are for cramping their subjecu
into as narrow a space as they cail
, and for? Came cramni'd with capon from where Pollio
ducing the whole extent of a science into a few dines.
Addison en Itsetyo
Marius used all endeavours for depressing the
Hobies, and raising the people; particularly for The stomach of my sense.
cramping the former in their power of judica
Th’ expansive atmosphere is cramped with cold;
Hudibras, Fate has crammd us all into one lease,
But full of life, and vivifying soul." And that even now.cxpiring Dryd. Cleomenes.
3. To bind with crampirons. In another printed paper it is roundly express
CRA'NPFISH. n. s. (from cramp and fish.] ed, that he will cram his brass down our throats.
Swift, of those that touch it.
CR AʼMpiron.n.5. [from cramp and iroz.)
į See CRAMP, sense 3:
Pope. CRA'MBO. n. s. [a cant word, probably without etymology.) A play at which onle gives a word, to which another finds a rhyme ; a rhyme.
So Mævius, when he drain'd his skull
And every crambo he could get.
The torpedo, which benumbs thic hards
A liberty to use a crane for drawing up wares from the vessels, at any creek of the sea or wharf, unto the land, and to make profit of it. It signifies also the money paid and taken for the same.
1. A bird with a long beak.