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sle drew hym ny,
And softely,

Streyght at the dore he knocked:
And a damsell,
Thar hard hym well,

There came and it vnlocked.
The frere sayd,
Good spede fayre mayd,

Here lodgeth such a man,
It is told me:
Well syr quod she,

And yf he do what than.
Quod he maystresse,
No harm doutlesse :

It longeth for our order,
To hurt no man,
But as we can,

Euery wight to forder.
With hym truly,
Fayne speake would I.

Sir quod she by my fay,
He is so sike
Ye be not lyke,

To speake with hym to day,
Quod he fayre may,
Yet I you pray,

This much at my desire,
Vouchesafe to do,
As go hym to,

And say an austen frere
Would with hym speke,
And matters breake,

For his auayle certayn.
Quod she I wyil,
Slonde ye here styll,

Tyll I come downe agayn.
Vpis she go,
And told hym sc,

As she was bode to say,
He mistrustyng,
No maner thyng,

Sayd mayden go thy way,
And feth him hyder,
That we togyder,

May talk. A downe she gothe,
Vp she hym brought,
No harme she thought,

But it made some folke wrothe,
This officere,
This fayped frere,

Whan he was come aloft,
He dopped than,
And grete this man,

Religiously and oft.
And he agayn,
Ryght glad and fayn,

Toke hym there by the hande,
The frere than sayd,
Ye be dismayd,

With trouble I understande,
In dede quod be,
It hash with me,

Bene better than it is.
Syr quod the frere,
B: o good chere,

Yer shall it after this.
VOL. I.

But I would now,
Comen with you,

In counsayle yf you please,
Or ellys nat
Of matters that

Shall set your heart at ease.
Downe went the mayd,
The marchaunt sayd,

No say on gentle frere,
Of thys tydyng,
That ye me bryng,

I long full sore co here.
Whan there was none,
But they alone,

The frere with euyll grace,
Sayd, I rest the,
Come on with me,

And out he toke his mace:
Thou shalt obay,
Come on thy way,

I have the in my clouche,
Thou goest not hence,
For all the pense,

The mayre hath in his pouche.
This marchaunt there,
For wrath and fere,

He waxyng welnygh wood,
Sayd horson thefe,
With a mischefe,

Who hath taught the thy good.
And with his fist
Vpon the lyst,

He gaue hym such a blow,
That backward downe,
Almost in sowne,

The frere is ouerthrow,
Yet was this man,
Well fearder than,

Lest he the frere had slayne,
Till with good rappes,
And heuy clappes,

He dawde hym vp agayne.
The frere took harte,
And vp he starte,

And well he layde about,
And so there goth,
Berwenc them both,

Many a lusty clout.
They rent and tere,
Eche others here,

And claue togyder fast,
Tyll with luggyng,
And with tuygyng,

They fell downe bothe at last.
Than on the grounde,
Togyder rounde,

With many a sadde stroke,
Tiey roll and rumble,
They turne and cumble,

As pygges do in a poke.
So long aboue,
They heue and shoue,

Togider that at last,
The mayd and wyfe,
To breake the strife,
Hyed them vpward fast.

g

soune

Fast by her syde doth wery labour stand, In chaurgyng of her course, the chaunge Pale fere also, and sorow all bewept,

shewtn this, Disdayn and hatred on that other hand, Vp starrth a knaue, and downe there falth a Eke restles watche 'fro, slepe with trauayle knight, kept,

The beggar ryche, and the ryche man pore is. His eyes drowsy and lokyng as he slept. Hatred is turned to loue, loue to despyght. Before her standeth daunger and enuy, This is her sport, thus proueth she her Flattery, dysceyt, mischiefe and tiranty,

myght. About her com nieth all the world to begge. Great boste she maketh yf one be by her He asketh lande, and he to pas would bryng,

power, This coge and that, and all not worth an egge: Welthy and wretched both within an howre. He would in love prosper aboue all thyng: Pouertee that of her giftes wyl nothing He kneleth downe and would be made a

take, kyog :

Wyth mery chere, looketh

ppon

the

prece, He forceth not so he may money haue, And seeth how fortunes houshold goch to Though all the worlde accompte hym for a wrake.' knaue,

Fast by her standeth the wyse Socrates, Lo thus ye see diuers heddes, diuers wittes. Arristippus, Pythagoras, and many a lese Fortune alone as diuers as they all,

Of olde philosophers. And eke agayust the Vnstable here and there among them flirtes : And at auenture dawne her giftes fall, Bekyth hym poore Diogenes in his tonne. Catch who so may she throweth great and With her is Byas, whose countrey lacke de. small

fence, Not to all men, as commeth sonne or dewe, And whylom of their foes stode so in dout, But for the most part, all among a fewe. That eche man hastely gan to cary thence, And

yet her broreil gifts long may not last. And asked hym why he nought caryed out. He that she gave them, loketh pruwde and I bere quod he all myne with me about : hye.

Wisedom he ment, not fortunes brotle fles. She whirlth about and pluckth away as fast, For nought he counted his that he might leese And geucth them to an other by and hy. Heraclitus eke, lyst felowship to kepe And thus from man to man continually, With glade pouerzee, Democritus also : She vseth to geue and take, and slily rosse,

Of which the fyrst can neuer cease but wepe, One man to wynnyng of an others losse. To see how thicke the blynded people go, And when she robbeth one, down goth his With labour great to purchase care and wo. pryde.

That other laugheth to sce the foolysh apes, He wepeth and wayleth and curseth her full How earnestly they walk about theyr capes.

Of this poore sect, it is comen vsage, But he that receveth it, on that other syde, Oncly to take that nature may 'susta ync, Is glad, and blesth her often rymes therefore. Banishing cleane all other surplusage, But in a whyle when she loueth him no more, They be content, and of norhyng complayne. She glydech from hym, and her giftes to, No nygarde cke is of his good so fayne. And he her curseth, as other fooies do. But they more pleasure haue a thousande Alas the folysh people can not cease,

folde, Ne voyd her trayne, tyil they the harme do The secreie draughtes of nature to beholde. fele.

Set fortunes servauntes by them and ye About her alway, besely they preace,

wull, But lord how hc doth thynk hym self full That one is free, that other ever thrall, wele,

That one content, that other neuer full, That may set once his hande vppon her whele. That one in suretye, that other lyketo fall. He holdeth fast: but vpward as he flieth, Who lyst to aduise them buthe, parceyue he She whippeth her whele about, and there he shall, lyeth.

As

great difference between them as we sce, Thus fell Julius from his mighty power. Betwixte wretchednes and felicite. Thus fell Darius the worthy kyng of Perse. Now haue I shewed you bothc : these Thus fell Alexander the great conquerour,

whiche Thus many mo ihan I may well rcherse. Stately fortune, or humble pouertee : Thus double fortune, when she lyst reuerse That is to say, nowe lyeth it in your fyst, Her slipper fauour fro them that in her trust, To take here bondage, or free libertee. She fleeth her wey and leyeth them in the But in thys poynte and ye do after me, dust.

Draw you to fortune, and labour her to She sodeinly en haunceth them aloft.

please, And sodeynly mischeueth all the flocke. If that ye chynke your selfe to well at ease. The head that late lay easily and full soft, And fyrst vppen the louely shall she smile, Jo siede of pylows lyeth after on the blocke. And frendly on the cast her wandering eyes, And yet alas the most cruell proude mocke: Embrace tlie in her armes, and for a whyle

, The deynty mowth that ladyes kissed haue, Put the and kepe the in a fooles paradise : She bryngeth in the case to kysse a knaue. And foorth with all what so thou lyst devises.

sore,

ye lyst,

some more.

morow

sorow.

She wyll the graunt it liberally perhappes : Ne none agayne so farre foorth in her fauour, But for all that beware of after clappes. That is full satisfyed with her behauiour.

Reckeo you deu:r of her fauoure sure : Furrune is stately, solemne, powde, and Ye may in clowds as easily trace an hare,

hve : Or in drye lande cause fishes to endure, And rychesse geueth, to have seruyce thereAnd make the burnyng fyre his heate to

fore. spare,

The nedy begger catcheth an halfpeny: And all ihys worlde in compace to forfare, Some manne a thousande pounde, some losse As her to make by craft or engine stable, That of her nature is euer variable.

But for all that she kepeth ever in store, Serue her day and nyght as reuerently, Fron euery manne some parcell of his wyl!, Vppon thy knees as any seruaunt may,

That he may pray therfore and serve her styll. And in conclusion, that thou shali winne Sume manne hath good, but chyldren harta thereby

he none. Shall not be worth thy servyce I dare say,

Some manne hath both, but he can get none And looke yet what she geueth the to day,

health. With labour wonne she shall happly to

Some hath al thre, but vp to honours trone,

Can he not crepe, by no inaner of sielth, Plucke it agayne out of chyne hand with To some she sendeth children, ryches,

welche, Wherefore yf thou in suretye lyst to stande, Honour, woorshyp, and reuerence all hyslyfe: Take pouerrie's parte and let proide furtune But yee she pyncheth hymn with a shreide go,

wyfe. Receyue nothyng that commoth from her Then for asmuch as it is fortunes guyse, hande.

Tagraunt to manne all thyng that he wyliaxe, Loue maner and vertue : they be onely cho But as her selfe lyst order and deuyse, Whiche double fortune may not take the fro. Doch euery manne his parte diuide and tax, Thea mayst thou boldly defye her turnyng I counssyle you eche one trusse vp your chaunce:

packcs, She can the neyther hynder nor avaunce. And take no thyng at all, or be content, , But and thou wylı' nedcs_medle with her with suche rewarde as fortune harh you sent, treasure,

Allthynges in this boke that ye

shall ride, Trust not therein, and spende it liberally, Doe as ye lyst, there shall no manne you Beare the not proude, nor take not out of bynde, measure.

Them to bleue, as surely as your crede. Bylde nor thyne house on heyth vp in the skye, But notwithstandyng ceitis in my mynde, None falleth farre, but he that climbeth hye. I durst weli sivere, as true ye shull therz Remember nature sent the hyther bare,

fynde, The gyftes of fortune count them borowed In euery poynt eche answere by and by, ware,

As are the iugemeates of as.conomyo.

Thomas MORE to them that seke Fortune. The Descripcion of RICHARD the thirde.

WHO so delyteth to prouen and assay,

RICHARDE the third sonne, of whom Of waveryng fortune the vncertayne it, we nowe entreate, was in witte and couIf that the aunswere please you not alway, rage egall with either of them, in bodre Blame ye not me: for I commande you not and prowesse farre vnder them bothe, Fortune to trust, and eke full well ye wot, little of stature, ill fetured of limmes, I have of ber po brydle in my fisi, She renneth loose, and turnerh where she lyst. croke backed, his left shoulder much The rollyng dyse in whome your lucke higher than his right, hard fauoured of doth stande,

visage, and such as is in states called warWith whose vnhappy chaunce ye be so wroth, lye, in other inenne otherwise, he was Ye knowe your selfe came neuer in myne nalicious, irathfull, enuious, and from hande.

afore his birth, euer frowarde. It is for Lo in this ponde be fyshe and frogges both. trouth reported, that the duches his moCast in your nette : bus be you liete or luche', ther had so much a due in her trauaile, Hold you content as fortune lyst assyne : that shee coulde not bee deliuered of For it is your owpe fyshyng and not myne. And though in one chaunce fortune you world with the feete forwarde, as menne

hym vncuite : and that he came into the offend, Grudge not there at, but beare a mery face.

bee borne outwarde, and (as the fame In many an other she shall it amende. runneth) also not vntuthed, whither There is no manne so farre out of her grace, menne of haired 'r porte aboue the But he sometyme hath comfort and sulace; touthe, or as the laure chauriged

her course in hys beginninge, whiche in Edwarde died, one Mystlebrooke longe the course of his lyfe many thinges vn ere mornynge, came in greate haste to naturallye committed. None cuill cap- the house of one Pottyer dwellyng in trine was hee in the warre, as to whiche Reddecrosse strete without Crepulgate : his disposicion was more metely then and when he was with hastye rappyng for peace. Sundrye victories hadde hee, quickly letten in, hee shewed vnto Polard sommetime ouerthrowes, but neuer tyer that kynge Edwarde was departed. in defaulte as for bis owne parsone, ei- By my trouthe manne quod Pottyer then ther of hardinesse or polytike order, free wyll my mayster the duke of Gloucester was hee called of dyspence, and somme bee kynge.

What cause hee hadde soo what aboue lıys power liberall, with large to thynke harde it is to saye, whyther gities hee get him vnstedfaste frende- hee being toward him, anye thynge shippe, for whiche hee was fain to pil knewe that hee suche thynge purposed, and spoyle in other places, and get him or otherwyse had anye inkelynge therestedfast hatred. Hee was close and se of: for hee was not likelye to speake it crete, a deepe dissimuler, lowlye of of noughte. counieynaunce, arrogant of heart, out But nowe to returne to the course of wardly coumpinable where he inwardely this hystorye, were it that the duke of hated, not letting to kisse whome hee Gloucester hadde of old foreminded this thoughte to kyll: dispitious and cruell,' conclusion, or was nowe at erste there, not für euill will alway, but after for am- unto moued, and putte in hope by the bicion, and either for the suretie and en- occasion of the tender age of the younge crease of his estate. Frende and foo was princes, his nephues (as opportunitye muche what indifferent, where his ad- and lykelyhoode of spede, putteth' a uauntage grew, he spared no mans deathe, manne in courage of that hee neuer enwhose life withstoode his purpose. He tended) certayn is it that hee contriued slewe with his owne handes king Henry theyr destruccion, with the vsurpacion the sixt, being prisoner in the Tover, as of the regal dignitye vppon hymselfe. menne constantly saye, and that without And for as muche as hee well wiste and commaundement or knoweledge of the holpe to mayntayn, a long continued king, whiche woulde vndoubtedly yf he grudge and hearte brennynge betwene had entended that thinge, haue appoint- the quenes kinred and the kinges blood ed that boocherly office, to some other eyther partyeenuying others authoritye, he then his owne borne brother.

nowe thought that their deuision shoulde Somme wise menne also weene, that bee (as it was in dede) a fortherlye behis drift couertly conuayde, lacked not gynnynge to the pursuite of his intente, in helping furth' his brother of Clarence and a sure ground for the foundacion of al to his death: whiche hee resisted openly, his building yf he might firste vnder the houbeit sonwhat (as menne deme) pretext of reuengynge of olde displeamore faintly then he that wer hartely sure, abuse the anger and ygnoraunce of minded to his welth. And they that thus the tone partie, to the destruccion of the deme, think that he long time in king tother : and then wynne to this purpose Edwrdes life, forethought to be king in as manye as he coulde: and those tha that case the king his brother (whose life coulde not be wonne, myght be loste er bee looked that euil dyete shoulde short- they looked therefore. For of one thyng en) shoulde happen to decease (as in was hee certayne, that if his entente wer cede he did) while his children wer perceiued, he shold soone haue mad ponse.

And thei deme, that for thys peace beetwene the bothe parties, wit intente he was gladde of his brothers his owne bloude. death the duke of Clarence, whose life Kynge Edwarde in his life, albeit th must nedes haue hindered hym so en this discencion beetwene hys frendo tendynge, whither the same duke of sommewhat yrked hym: yet in his go Chreude hadde kepte him true to his health he sommewhat the lesse regard nephew the yonge king, or enterprised it, because hee thought whatsoeuer b to be kung hinselfe. But of all this sines shoulde falle betwene them, hyr pointe, is there no certaintie, and whoso selfe should alwaye bee hable to rule bot divineth vppon coniectures, maye as wel the parties. shule to fare as to short. How beit this But in his last sicknesse, when hee haue I by credible informacion learned, ceiued bis naturall strengthe soo sore e that the safe nighte in whyche kynge tebled, that hce dyspayred all recouer

then hee consyderynge the youthe of And also while either partye laboureth his chyldren, albeit hee nothynge lesse to be chiefe, flattery shall haue more mistrusted then that that happened, yet place then plaine and faithfull aduyse, of well forseynge that manye harmes myghte whyche muste needes ensue the euyll growe by theyr debate, whyle the youth bringing vppe of the prynce, whose of hys children shoulde lacke discrecion mynd in tender youth infect, shal redily of themself, and good counsayle of their fal to mischief and riot, and drawe down frendes, of whiche either party shold with this noble relme to ruine: but if counsayle for their owne commodity and grace turn him to wisdom, which if God rather by pleasaunte aduyse too wynne send, then thei that by euill menes bethemselfe fauour, then by profitable ad- fore pleased him best, shal after fall faruertisemente to do the children good, he thest out of fauour, so that euer at length called some of them before him that euill driftes dreue to nought, and good were at variaunce, and in especyall the plain wayes prosper. Great variaunce lorde marques Dorsette the quenes sonne hath ther long bene betwene you, not by her fyrste housebande, and Richarde alway for great causes. Sometime a the lorde Haștynges, a noble man, than thing right wel intended, our misconlorde chaumberlayne agayne whome the struccion turneth vnto worse or a smal quene specially grudged, for the great displeasure done vs, eyther our owpe affaucure the kyng bare hym, and also for feccion or euil tongues agreueth. Bur that shee thoughte hym secretelye fami- this wote I well ye neuer had so great lyer with the kynge in wanton coum cause of hatred, as ye hare of loue. That panye. Her kynred also bare hym sore, we be al men, that we be christen men, as well for that the kynge hadde made this shall I leaue for prechers to tel you hym captayne of Calyce (whiche office (and yet I wote nere whither any prechthe lorde Kyuers, brother to the quene, ers wordes ought more to moue you, claimed of the kinges former promyse) then his that is by and by gooying to the as for diverse other great giftes whiche place that thei all preache ot.) But this hee receyued, that they loked for. When shal I desire you to remember, that the these lordes with diverse other of bothe one parte of you is of my bloode, the the parties were comme in presence, the other of myne alies, and 'eche of yow kynge liftinge vppe himselfe and vnder- with other, eyther of kindred or affinitie, sette with pillowes, as it is reported on whichie spirytuall kynred of aft; nyty, if this wyse sayd vnto them, My lordes, my the sacramentes of Christes churche, dere kinsmenne and alies, in what plighte beare that weyghte with vs that would I lye you see, and I feele. By whiche Godde thei did, shoulde no lesse moue the lesse whyle I looke to lyne with you, vs to charitye, then the respecte of fleslathe more depelye am I moued to care in lye consanguinitye. Oure Lorde forwhat case I leaue you, for such as I bydde, that you love together the worse, leaue you, suche bee my children lyke to fór the selfe cause that you ought to love fynde you. Whiche if they shoulde (that the better. And yet that happeneth, Godde forbydde) fynde you at vary. And no where fynde wee so deadlye deannce, myght happe to fall themselte at bate, as amonge thein, whyche by nawarre ere their discrecion woulde serueture and lawe moste oughte to agree to sette you at peace. Ye see their youthe, together. Suche a pestilente of whiche I recken the onely suretie to pente is ambicion and desyre of vaine Teste in youre concord. For it suffiseth glorye and soueraintye, whiche anorge not al you loue them, yf eche of you states where he once entreth crepeth hate other. If they wer menne, your foorth so farre, tyll with devision and faithfulnesse happelye woulde suffise. variaunce hee turneth all to mischiefe. But childehood must be maintained by Firste longing to be nexte the best, atmeos authoritye, and slipper youth vn terwarde egall with the, beste, and at derpropped with elder couns:yle, which laste chiefe and aboue the beste. Of neither they can haue, but ye gene it which immoderate appetite of woorship, nor ye geue it, yf ye gree not. For and thereby of debate and dissencion uber eche laboureth to breake that the what losse, what sorowe, what trouble other maketh, and for hatred of eche of hathe within these fewe yearts growen others person, impugneth eche others in this realme, I praye Godde as wel torcounsayle, there must it nedes bee long geate as wee wel remember. Ere anye good conclusion goe forwarde. Whiche thinges yt I coulde as wel

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