« ZurückWeiter »
5. Peremptorily; positively.
Some tokens shew Being as I am, why didst not thou
Of fearless friendship, and their sinking mates Command me absolutely not to gg.
Sustain; vain love, tho' laudable; absorpt Going into such danger, as thou saidst? Par. Lost. By a fierce eddy, they together found A'ÉSOLUTENESS. 11. s. (from absolute.]
The vast profundity.
Philips. 1. Completeness.
2. To suck up. See ABSORBENT.
The evils that come of exercise are that it 2. Freedom from dependance, or limits.
doth absorb and attenuate the moisture of the The absoluteness and illimitedness of his com
Bacon. mission was generally much spoken of. Clarendon. There is nothing that can raise a man to that
Supposing the forementioned consumption generous absoluteness of condition, as neither to
should prove so durable, as to absorb and exte
nuate the said sanguine parts to an extreme decringe, to fawn, or to depend meanly; but that
gree, it is evident, that the fundamental parts must which gives him that happiness within himself, for which men depend upon others. South's Sermons,
necessarily come into danger. Harvey on Cons.
While we perspire, we absorb the outward air. 3. Despoticism.
Arbutbrot. He kept a strait hand on his nobility, and ABSO'RBENT.n. s. (absorbens, Lat.] A mechose rather to advance clergymen and lawyers, which were more obsequious to him, but had
dicine that, by the softness or porosity less interest in the people; which made for his of its parts, either eases the asperities of absoluteness, but not for his safety.
pungent humours, or dries away superBacon's Henry vil, fluous moisture in the body. Quincy. They dress up power with all the splendor and There is a third class of substances, commonly temptation absoluteness can add to it. Locke.
alled absorbents; as the various kinds of shells, ABSOLU'TION, n. s. (absolutio, Lat.] coral, chalk, crabs eyes, &c. · which likewise 1. Acquittal.
raise an effervescence with acids, and are thereAbsolution, in the civil law, imports a full
fore called alkalis, though not so properly, for acquittal of a person by some final sentence of they are not salts. Arbuthnot on Aliments. law; also, a temporary discharge of his farther ABSO'RPT.part.(from absorb.] Swallowed attendance upon a mesne process, through a faile up: used as well, in a figurative sense, ure or defect in pleading; as it does likewise in
of persons, as, in the primitive, of things. the canon law, where, and among divines, it
What can you expect from a man, who has likewise signifies a relaxation of him from the
not talked these five days? who is withdrawing obligation of some sentence pronounced either
his thoughts, as far as he can, from all the prein a court of law, or else in foro puenitentiali.
sent world, its customs and its manners, to be Thus there is, in this kind of law, one kind of absolution, termed judicial, and another, styled a
fully possessed and absorpt in the past. Pope's Let.
ABSO'RPTION. n. s. [from absorb.] The declaratory or extra-judicial absolution.
act of swallowing up. 2. The remission of sins, or penance, de
It was below the dignity of those sacred pen
men, or the spirit of God that directed them, clared by ecclesiastical authority.
to shew is the causes of this disruption, or of The absolution pronounced by a priest, whe this absorption ; this is left to the enquiries of ther papist or protestant, is not a certain infal
Buruet's Theory of sbe Eartó. bible ground to gwe the person, so absolved, con TO ABSTAIN. v. n. (abstineo, Lat.) To fidence towards God.
Soutb's Sermons. A'BSOLUTORY. adj. [absolutorius,. Lat.].
forbear; to deny one's self any gratifi
cation : with the particle from. That does absolve.
If thou judge it hard and difficult, Though an absolutory sentence should be pro Conversing, looking, loving, to abstain nounced in favour of the persons, upon the ac From love's due rites, nuptial embraces sweet; count of nearness of blood; yet, if adultery shall And, with desires, to languish without hope. afterwards be truly proved, he may be again
Milton's Paradise Lost. proceeded against as an adulterer.
To be perpetually loving, and impatiently
Ayliffe's Parergon. desirous of any thing, so that a man cannot ube A'BSONANT. adj. (See ABSONOUS.] stain from it, is to lose a man's liberty, and to
Contrary to reason ; wide from the become a servant of meat and drink, or smoke. purpose.
Taylor's Rule of living boir.
Even then the doubtful billows scarce abstand A'Bsonous. adj. [absonus, Lat. ill-sound
From the toss'd vessel on the troubled main. Dryd. ing.) Absurd; contrary to reason. It is ABSTE'MIOUS. adj. (abstenzius, Lat.) not much in use, and it may be doubted
Temperate ; sober ; abstinent; refraina whether it should be followed by to or
ing from excess or pleasures. It is used from.
of persons; as, an abstemious hermit; To suppose an uniter of a middle constitution, that should partake of some of the qualities of
and of things ; as, an abstemious diet. both, is unwarranted by any of our faculties; yea,
It is spoken likewise of things that most abronons to our reason. Glanville's Scepsis.
cause temperance. T. ABSO'RB. v. a. (absorbeo, Lat. preter,
The instances of longevity are chiefly amongst
the abstemious. Abstinence in extremity will absorbed ; part.pret. absorbed, or absorpt.] 1. To swallow up.
prove a mortal disease; but the experiments of
it are very rare. Arbuthnet on Aliments. Moses imputed the deluge to the disruption Clyrorean streams the love of wine expel, of the abyss; and St. Peter to the particular can (Such is the virtue of th'abstemious well) stitution of that earth, which made it obnoxious Whether the colder nymph that rules the tlood to be absorps in water. Burnet's Theory. Extinguishes, and balks the drunken god;
Or that Melampus (so have some assurd) ances from habits; as, a day of abstie. When the mad Prætides with charms he curd,
nence, and a life of temperance. And pow'rful herbs, both charms and simples cast Into the sober spring, where still their virtues last.
Say,can you fast? your stomachsare too young,
Sbaks. Dryden's Fables.
And abstinence ingenders maladies.
And the faces of them, which have used abABSTE'MIOUSLY. adv. (from abstemious.] stinence, shall shine above the stars; whereas our Temperately; soberly; without indulg
faces shall be blacker than darkness. 2 Esdras. ence.
Religious men, tvho hither must be sent ABSTEMIOUSNESS. n. s. (See ABSTE As awful guides of heavenly government; MIOUS.] The quality of being abste
To teach you penance, fasts, and abstinence,
To punish bodies for the soul's offence. Dryden. mious. ABSTE'NTION. n. s. (from abstineo, Lat.]
A'BSTINENT. adj. [abstinens, Lat.] That
uses abstinence, in opposition to coThe act of holding off, or restraining ;
vetous, rapacious, or luxurious. It is restraint.
used chiefly of persons. T. ABSTE’RGE. v. a. (abstergo, Lat.] ABSTO'RTED. adj. [abstortus, Lat.] To cleanse by wiping ; to wipe.
Forced away ; wrung from another by ABSTE'RGENT. adj. Cleansing ; having violence.
Dict. a cleansing quality.
To ABSTRACT. v. a. (abstraho, Lat.] To ABSTE'RSE. (See ABSTERGE.] To
1. To take one thing from another. cleanse ; to purify: a word very little in
Could we abstract from these pernicious effects, use, and less analogical than absterge. and suppose this were innocent, it would be too
Nor will we affirm, that iron receiveth, in the light to be matter of praise. Decay of Piety. stomach of the ostrich, no alteration; but we
2. To separate by distillation. suspect this effect rather from corrosion than di
Having dephlegmed spirit of salt, and gently gestion; not any tendence to chilification by the
abstracted the whole spirit, there remaineth in natural heat, but rather some attrition froin an acid and vitriolous humidity in the stomach,
the retort a styptical substance. Boyle. which may absterse and shave the scorious parts
3. To separate ideas. thereof. Brown's Vulgar Errours.
Those who cannot distinguish, compare, and ABSTE'RSION. n. s. (abstersio, Lat] The
abstract, would hardly be able to understand and
make use of language, or judge or reason to any act of cleansing. See ABSTERGE.
Locke. Abstersion is plainly a scouring off, or incision of the more viscous humours, and making the
4. To reduce to an epitome. humours more fluid, and cutting between them
If we would fix in the memory the discourses and the part; as is found in nitrous water,
we hear, or what we design to speak, let us abwhich scoureth linen cloth speedily from the
stract them into brief compends, and review foulness.
Bacon's Nat. Hist. them often. Watts' Improvement of the Mind. ABSTE'RSIVE. adj. [from absterge.] That A'BSTRACT, adj. (abstractus, Lat. See has the quality of absterging or clean
T. ABSTRACT.] sing.
1. Separated from something else : geneIt is good, after purging, to use apozemes and rally used with relation to mental perbroths, not so much opening as those used before ceptions; as, abstract mathematics, ab. purging; but izbstersive and mundifying clysters stract terms, in opposition to concrete. also are good to conclude with, to draw away Mathematics, in its latitude, is usually dividthe reliques of the humours. Bacor's Nat. Hist.
ed into pure and mixed. And though the pure A tablet stood of that abstersive tree,
do handle only abstract quantity in general, as Where Æthiop's swarthy bird did build to nest.
Sir 7. Denham.
geometry, arithmetic; yet that which is mixed
doth consider the quantity of some particular deThere many a flow'r abstersive grew, Thy fav’rite flow'rs of yellow hue. Swift's Mis.
terminate subject. So astronomy handles the
quantity of heavenly motions, music of sounds, A'BSTINENCE. n. s. [abstinentia, Lat.]
and mechanics of weights and powers. A'BSTINENCY.S
Wilkins' Mathematical Magick. 1. Forbearance of any thing: with the Abstract terms signify the mode or quality of particle from.
a being, without any regard to the subject in Were our rewards for the abstinencies, or riots,
which it is; as whiteness, roundness, length, of this present life, under the prejudices of short
breadth, wisdom, morality, life, death. Watts. or finite, the promises and threats of Christ 2. With the particle from. would lose much of their virtue and energy. Another fruit from the considering things in
Hammond's Fundamentals. themselves abstract from our opinions and other Because the abstinence from a present pleasure, men's notions and discourses on them, will be, that offers itself, is a pain, nay, oftentimes a that each man will pursue his thoughts in that very great one; it is no wonder that that operates method, which will be most agreeable to the naafter the same manner pain does, and lessens, in ture of the thing, and to his apprehension of our thoughts, what is future, and so forces us, what it suggests to him.
Locke. as it were, blindfold into its embraces. Locké. A'BSTRACT. n. s. (from the verb.] 2. Fasting, or forbearance of necessary 1. A smaller quantity, containing the vir
food. It is generally distinguished from tue or power of a greater. temperance, as the greater degree from You shall there find a man who is the abstract the less : sometimes as single perform Of all faults all mon follow. Shaks. Ant. and Cleo
If you are false, these epithets are small; ABSTRI'CTED. part.
adj. [abstrictus, You're then the things, and abstract of them all.
Diet. Dryden's Aur.
TO ABSTRINGE. v. a. To unbind. Dict. 2. An epitome made by taking out the
TO ABSTRU'DE. v. a. [absirudo, Lat.] principal parts.
To thrust off, or pull away.
Dict. When Mnemon came to the end of a chapter, be recollected the sentiments he had remarked: ABSTRU'SE. adj. [abstrusus, Lat. thrust so that he could give a tolerable analysis and ab
out of sight.]
Abstrusest thoughts, from forth his holy mount, joined.
And from within the golden lamps that burn
Nightly before him, saw, without their light,
Milton's Paradise Lost.
2. Difficult; remote from conception or take no fuil and proportional pleasure in the ex
apprehension. It is opposed to obvious ercise of any narrow bounty.
Sospake our sire,and by his countenance seein'd 1. Separated ; disjoined.
Ent'ring on studious thoughts abstruse. Par. Lost.
The motions and figures within the mouth are
abstruse, and not easy to be distinguished; espeStupidly good.
cially those of the tongue, which is moved
Milton, 2. Refined; purified.
through the help of many muscles, so easily, and
habitually, and variously, that we are scarce able Abstreeled spiritual love, they like
to give a judgment of motions and figures thereTheir souls exhala.
by framed. 3. Abstruse ; difficult.
No man could give a rule of the greatest beau4. Absent of mind ; inattentive to present
ties, and the knowledge of them was so abstruse, objects; as, an abstracted scholar.
that there was no manner of speaking which ASSTRA'CTEDLY, adv. With abstrac
could express them. Dryden's Dufresnoy.
ABSTRU'SELY, adv. In an abstruse, mane tion ; simply ; separately from all contingent circumstances.
ner; obscurely; not plainly, or obviously. Or whether more abstractedly we look,
ABSTRU'SENESS, 1. s. [from abstruse.) 07 on the writers, or the written book;
The quality of being abstruse ; diffiWhence, but from heav'n, couid men unskill'd
culty ; obscurity.
It is not oftentimes so much what the scrip In zvral ages born, in several parts,
ture says, as what some men persuade others it Versacli agreeing truths? or how, or why,
says, that makes it seem obscure; and that as Siad ll cuisire to cheat us with a lie?
to some other passages, that are so indeed, since Umask'd their pairs, ungrateful their advice,
it is the abstruseness of what is taught in them Surving their gain, and mariyrdom their price:
that makes them almost inevitably so, it is little ABSTRACTION, n. s. L'abstractio, Lat.] Drider's Religio Laici.
less sancy, upon such a score, to find fault with the style of the scripture, than to do so with the
author for making us but men. Buglio The word chstraction signifies a withdrawing
ABSTRU'SITY. n. s. [from abstruse.] sumu part of an idea froin other parts of it; by
1. Abstruseness. which means such abstracted ideas are formed,
2. That which is abstruse. A word sel. a better represent any thing corporeal or spi
dom used. ritual; that is, any thing peculiar or proper to
Authors are also suspicious, nor greedily to be 2. The state of being abstracted.
swallowed, who pretend to write of secrets, to deliver aripathies, sympathies, and the occult!
abstrusities of things.' Brown's Vulgar Errours.
To ABSU'ME, vi a. (absumo, Lat.] TO A hermit wishes to be praised for his abstraction.
bring to an end by a gradual waste ; to
eat up. An uncommon word. Pope's Letters.
That which had been burning an infinite time ing the power or quality of abstracting,
could never be burnt, no not so much as any part
of it; for if it had burned part after part, the an abstract manner; absolutely; with
whale must needs be absumed in a portion of time.
Hali's Origin of Mankind. ABSU'RD, adj. [absurdus, Lat.] 1. Unreasonable; without judgment: as
used of men. Bentley's Sermons. Seeming wise men may make shift to get oplo
nion; but let no man chuse them for employ«. ment; for certainly you had better take for bue siness a man somewhat absurd than over formal
Bacarre A man, who cannot write with wit on a prou or the abstractness of the ideas
per subject, is dull and stupid; but one, who
shews it in an improper place, is as impertinent Locke, and absurd.
1. Tie act of abstracting.
mind or body.
3. Absence of mind; inattention.
ABSTRA'CTIVE, adj.[from abstract.! Have ABSTRACTLY. adv. (from abstract.). In out reference to any thing else. Matter abstractly and absolutely considered, Cannot have born an infinite duration now past ABSTRA'CTNESS. n. s. [from abstract.] Subtilty ; separation from all matter or common notion. I have taken some pains to make plain and familiar to your thoughts, truchis, which estathemselves, might render difficult.
2. Inconsistent ; contrary to reason : used ABU'NDANT. adj. [abundanš, Lat.) of sentiments or practices.
1. Plentiful. The thing itself appeared desirable to him,
Good, the more and accordingly he could not but like and desire Communicated, more abundant grows; it; but then, it was after a very irrational absurd The author not impair’d, but honour'd more. way, and contrary to all the methods and prin
Paradise Lost ciples of a rational agent; which never wills a
2. Exuberant. thing really and properly, but it applies to the
If the vessels are in a state of too great rigidity, means by which it is to be acquired. South. But grant that those can conquer, these can
so as not to yield, a strong projectile motion oc
casions their rupture, and hemorrhages; especheat, Tis phrase absurd to call a yillain great
cially in the lungs, where the blood is abundant.
Arbuthnot on Aliments. Who wickedly is wise, or madly brave, Is but the more a fool, the more a knave. Pope.
3. Fully stored. It is followed sometimes ABSU'RDITY, N. s. (from absurd.]
by in, commonly by witho . 1. The quality of being absurd; want of
The world began but some ages before these
were found out, and was abundant with all things judgment, applied to men; want of
arfirst; and men not very numerous; and therepropriety, applied to things.
fore were not put so much to the use of their How clear soever this idea of the infinity of wits, to find out ways for living commodiously. number be, there is nothing more evident than
Burnet. the absurdity of the actual idea of an infinite number.
4. It is applied generally to things, someLocke.
times to persons. 2. That which is absurd'; as, bis travels were full of absurdities. In which sense
The Lord, the Lord God, merciful and grait has a plural.
cious, longsuffering and abundant in goodness and truthi.
Exodus. That satisfaction we receive from the opinion A BU'NDANTLY, adv. (from abundant.] of some pre-eminence in ourselves, when we see the absurdities of another, or when we reflect
1. In plenty. on any past absurdities of our own. Addison. Let the waters bring forth abundantly the ABSU'RDLY.adv.(from absurd.]Afteran ab
moving creature that hath life. Genesis.
God on thee surd manner; improperly; unreasonably. But man we find the only creature,
Abundantly his gifts hath also pour'd; Who, led by folly, combats nature;
Inward and outward both, his image fair.
Paradise Lost. Who, when she loudly cries, Forbear, With obstinacy fixes there;
2. Amply; liberally; more than suffici. And where his genius least inclines,
ently. Absurdly bends his whole designs. Swift's Miscel. Ye saw the French tongue abundantly purified. We may proceed yet further with the atheist,
Sprat: and convince him, that not only his principle is Heroic poetry has ever been esteemed the absurd, but his consequences also as absurdly de greatest work of human nature. In that rank duced from it.
Bentley's Sermons. has Aristotle placed it; and Longinus is so full ABSU'R DNESS. n. s. [from absurd.] The
of the like expressions, that he abundantly conquality of being absurd ; injudicious.
firms the other's testimony.
Dryden. ness; impropriety. See ABSURDITY,
What the example of our equals wants of au
thority, is abundantly supplied in the imaginawhich is more frequently used.
tions of friendship, and the repeated influences. ABU'NDANCE, N. s. (abondance, Fr.] of a constant conversation, Rogers' Sermons. 1. Plenty: a sense chiefly poetical. To ABU'SE. v. a. (abutor, abusus, Lat.) At the whisper of thy word,
In abuse, the verb, s has the sound of Crown'd abundance spreads my board. Crashaw. The doubled charge his subjects' love supplies, 1. To make an ill use of.
z; in the noun, the common sound, Who, in that bounty, to themselves are kind; So glad Egyptians see their Nilus rise,
They that use this world, as not abusing it; And, in his plenty, their abundance find. Dryd.
for the fashion of this world passeth away. 1 Cor.
He has fixed and determined the time for our 2. Great numbers. The river Inn is shut up between mountains,
repentance, beyond which he will no longer covered with woods of fir-trees. Abundance of
await the perverseness of men, no longer suffer
his compassion to be abused. peasants are employed in hewing down the
Rogers' Sermons. largest of these trees, that, after they are barked 2. To violate ; to defile.
and cut into shape, are tuinbled down. Addison. Arachne figured how Jove did abuse 3. A great quantity.
Europa like a bull, and on his back Their chief enterprize was the recovery of Her through the sea did bear.
Spenser. the Holy Land; in which worthy, but extremely 3. To deceive ; to impose upon. difficult, action, it is lamentable-to remember
As he is very potent with such spirits,
Sbatspeare. 4. Exuberance; more than enough.
The world hath been much abused by the For well I vot, most mighty sovereign, opinion of making gold: 'the work itself judge That all this famous antique history,
to be possible; but the means 'hitherto proOf some, th' abumiance of an idle brain
pounded are, in the practice, full of error. Will judged be, and painted forgery. Spenser
Bacon's Natural History:
It imports the misrepresentation of the quali- 2. Containing abuse ; as, an abusive lamaries of things and actions, to the common appre
poon. hensions of men, abusing their minds with false Next, Comedy appear'd with great applause, notions; and so, by this artifice, making evil
Till her licentious and abusive tongue pass for good, and good for evil, in all the great
Waken'd the magistrate's coercive power. concerns of life. Scutb's Sermons.
Roscommon. Nor be with all these tempting words abus'd; These tempting words were all to Sappho us'd.
3. Deceitful é a sense little used, yet not Pope.
improper. 4. To treat with rudeness; to reproach.
It is verified by a Number of examples, that I am no strumpet, but of life as honest
whatsoever is gained by an abusive treaty, ought As you that thus abuse me. Shakspeare.
to be restored in integrum.
Baconte But he mocked them, and laughed at them, ABU'SIVELY. adv. [from abuse.) and abused them shamefully, and spake proudly. 1. Improperly; by a wrong use.“
1 Mac. The oil, abusively called spirit of roses, swims Some praise at morning what they blame at at the top of the water, in the form of a white night,
butter; which I remember not to have observed But always think the last opinion right.
in any other oil drawn in any limbeck. A muse by these is like a mistress us'd;
Boyle's Sceptical Chymist. This hour she's idoliz'd, the next abus'd. 2. Reproachfully.
Pope's Essay on Criticism. ABU'SIVENESS. n. s. [from abuse.] The The next criticism seems to be introduced for no other reason, but to mention Mr. Bickerstaff,
quality of being abusive ; foulness of whom the author every where endeavours to
language. imitare and abuse.
Pick out of mirth, like stones out of thy ABU'SE. n. s. [from the verb abuse.]
ground, 1. The ill use of any thing.
Profaneness, filthiness, abusiveness.
These are the scum with which coarse wits The casting away things profitable for the
abound: sustenance of man's life, is an unthankful abuse
The fine may spare these well, yet not go less of the fruits of God's good providence towards
TO ABU'T. v. n. obsolete. [aboutir, to Any, but God alone, to value right
touch at the end, Fr.] To end at ; to The good before him, but perverts best things border upon ; to meet, or approach to, To worst abuse, or to their meanest use.
with the particle upon. Paradise Lost.
Two mighty monarchies, 1. A corrupt practice ; a bad custom. Whose high upreared and abutting fronts
The nature of things is such, that, if abuses The narrow perilous ocean parts asunder. Sbaki. be not remcdied, they will certainly increase. The Looes are two several corporations, di
Swift for Advancement of Religion. stinguished by the addition of east and west, abusa 3. Seducement.
ting upon a navigable creek, and joined by a fair Was it not enough for him to have deceived bridge of many arches.
Carers, me, and through the deceit abused me, and after A BU'TMENT. n. s. [from abut.] That the abuse forsaken me, but that he must now, of which abuts, or borders upon another, all che company, and before all the company, ABU'ITAL. M. s. [from abut.] The butlay want of beauty to my charge? Sidney.
ting or boundaries of any land. A writ4. Unjust censure ; rude reproach ; con
ing declaring on what lands, highways, tumely,
or other places, it does abut. Dict. I dark in light, expos'd To daily fraud, contempt, abuse, and wrong.
ABY'SM. 1. s. (abysme, old Fr. now writMilton's Samson Agonistes.
ten contractedly abime.] A gulf; the ABU'SER. n. s. (from the verb abuse.] same with abyss. 1. He that makes an ill use.
My good stars, that were my former guides, 2. He that deceives.
Have empty left their orbs, and shot their fires Next thou, the abuser of thy prince's car. Into the abysm of hell. Sbaksp. Ant. and Clotho
Denbam's Sophos. AB Y'ss. 1. s. [abyssus, Latin ; zovic 3. He that reproaches with rudeness. bottomless.] 4. A ravisher; a violater.
1. A depth without bottom. ABU'SIVE, adj. [from abuse.]
Who shall tempt with wand'ring feet 1. Practising abuse.
The dark, unbottom’d, infinite abyss, The tongue mov'd gently first, and speech And, through the palpable obscure, find out was low,
This uncouth way?
Milton's Paradise Lost Till wrangling science taught it noise and show,
Thy throne is darkness in th' abyss of light, And wicked wit arose, thy most abusive foe.
A blaze of glory that forbids the sight;
Pope's Miscel. O teach me to believe thee thus conceal'd, Dame Nature, as the learned show,
And search no farther than thyself reveald! Provides each animal its foe;
Drydend Hounds hunt the hare, the wily fox
Jove was not more pleas'd Devours your geese, the wolf your flocks.
With infant nature, when his spacious hand Thus envy pleads a natural claim
Had rounded this huge ball of earth and scas To persecute the muse's fame;
To give it the first push, and see it roti On poets in all times abusive,
Along the vast abyss. Addisor's Guardian, Preen Horner down to Pope inclusive. Swift. 2. A great depth; a gulph: hyperbolically,