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instead of the lad, a bondman to my lord; and should rather determine that abide in .
let the lad go up with his brethren. Genesis. the active sense has no passive partici2. To dwell.
ple, or compounded preterit. The marquis Dorset, as I hear, is filed
4. To bear without aversion : in which To Richmond, in the parts where he abides.
sense it is commonly used with a negaSbakspeare's Ricbard 111. Those who apply themselves to learning, are
tive. forced to acknowledge one God, incorruptible
Thou can'st not abide Tiridates; this is but and unbegotten ; who is the only true being,
love of thyself.
Sidney. and abides for ever above the highest heavens,
Thv vile race, from whence he beholds all the things that are
Though thou didst learn, had that in 't which done in heaven and earth.
good natures Stillingfi. Defence of Dis. or Rom. Idolatry.
Could not abide to be with; therefore wast thou 2. To remain; not to cease or fail; to be Deservedly contin'd unto this rock. Sbaks. Temp. immovable.
5. To bear or suffer.
Girt with circumfluous tides,
He still calamitous constraint abidks.
Pope's Odyss. 4. To continue in the same state.
ABI'DER. n. s. [from abide.] The person The fear of the Lord tendeth to life; and he
that abides or dwells in a place; perthat hath it shall abide satisfied. Proverbs. haps that lives or endures. A word lit. There can be no study without time; and the
tle in use. mind must abide and dwell upon things, or be
always a stranger to the inside of them. Soutb. ABI'DING. n. s. [from abide.] Continus. To endure without offence, anger, or ance; stay; fixed state. contradiction.
We are strangers before thee, and sojourners, Who can abide, that against their own doctors,
as were all our fathers: our days on the earth six whole books should by their fatherhoods be
are as a shadow, and there is none abiding:
i Cbron. imperiously obtruded upon God and his church?
The air in that region is so violently removed,
and carried about with such swiftness, as nothing 6. It is used with the particle with before
in that place can consist or have abiding. a person, and at or in before a place,
Raleigh. It is becter that I give her to thee, than that I should give her to another man: Abide with me.
A'BJECT, adj. [abjectus, Lat. thrown
Genesis away, as of no value.] For thy servant vowed a vow, while I abode at 1. Mean; worthless; base ; groveling : Geshur in Syria, saying, if the Lord shall bring
spoken of persons, or their qualities. me again indeed to Jerusalem, then I will serve
Rebellion the Lord.
Came, like itself, in base and abject routs, 7. It is used with by before a thing; as, to Led on by bloody youth goaded with rage,
abide by his testimony; to abide by his And countenanc'd by boys and beggary. own skill; that is, to rely upon them : to
Shakspeare's Henry iv.
I was at first, as other beasts that graze abide by an opinion, to maintain it; to
The trodden herb, of abject thoughts and low. abide by a man, is also, to defend or
Milton's Par. Lost. support him. But these forms are some Honest men, who tell their sovereigns what thing low.
they expect from them, and what obedience they TO ABIDE. v. a.
shall be always ready to pay them, are not upon 1. To wait for, expect, attend, wait up
an equal foot with base and abject flatterers.
Addison. on, await : used of things prepared for
2. Being of no hope or regard; used of persons, as well as of persons expect
condition. ing things.
The rarer thy example stands, Home is he brought, and laid in sumptuous By how much from the top of wond'rous glory, bed;
Strongest of mortal inen,
To lowest pitch of abject fortune thou art
Milton. While lions war, and battle for their dens, Poor harmless lambs abide their enmity.
We see man and woman in the highest inno
cence and perfection, and in the most object Sbakspeare's Hen. vr. state of guilt and infirmity.
Addison. Bonds and afflictions abide me.
Aits. 2. To bear or support the consequences
3. Mean and despicable: used of actions.
The rapine is so abject and profane, of a thing.
They not from trifies nor from gods refrain.
Dryden's Juvenala How dearly I abide that boast so vain.
To what base ends, and by what alject ways, Milton's Par. Lost. Are 'mortals urg'd thro' sacred lust of praise ! 3. To bear or support, without being con
Pope's Essay on Criticisme quered or destroyed.
A'BJECT. n. s. A man without bope; a But the Lord he is the true God, he is the living God, and an everlasting king: at his
man whose miseries are irretrievable; wrath the carth shall tremble, and the nations
one of the lowest condition. · shall not be able to abide his indignation.
Yea, the adjects gathered themselves together Feremiah. against ine.
Psalms It must be allowed a fair presumption in fa- To ABJE'CT. v. a. [objicio, Lat.] To Four of the truth of isy doctrines, that they throw away. A word rarely used. bave shid a very rigorous test now for above ABJEC'TEDNESS. n. s. [from abject.] The thirty years, and the more strictly they are looked state of an abject. into, the more they are confirmied. 'I'eedward.
Our viour would love at no less rate than Of the participle abid, I have found death; and, from the stereminant heighe of only the example in Itcodward; and glory, stooped and abused himself to the suffer
ance of the extremest of indignities, and sunk There are some abjurations still in himself to the bottoin of abjectedness, to exalt force among us here in England; as, by our condition to the contrary extreme. Boyle.
the statute of the 25th of king Charles ABJE'CTION. n. s. [from abject.] Mean II. all persons that are admitted into
ness of mind ; want of spirit; servility; any office, civil or military, must take baseness
the test; which is an abjuration of some That this should be termed baseness, abjecti-ne doctrines of the church of Rome. of mind, or servility, is it credible? Hooker,
There is likewise another oath of ab. The just medium lies betwixt pride and abjec
juration, which Jaymen and clergymen
L'Estrange. tion, the two extremes. A'BJECTLY, adv. [from abject.] In an
are both obliged to take ; and that is, abject manner ; meanly; basely ; ser.
to abjure the Pretender. Ayliffe. vileiy; contemptibly.
TO ABJU'RE; v. a. (abjuro, Lat.)
1. To cast off upon oath ; to swear not A'BJECTNESS. X. s. (from abject.] Abjec to do or not to have something. tion ; servility; meanness.
Either to die the death, or to abjure Servility and abjectness of humour is implicitly For ever the society of man. Sbakspeare: involved in the charge of lying. Gov.of
tbe Tongue. No man, therefore, that hath not abjured his By humility I mean not the abjectness of a reason, and sworn allegiance to a preconceived base mind; but a prudent care not to over-value fantastical hypothesis, can undertake the deourselves upon any account. Greru's Cosmologia. fence of such a supposition.
Hale. ABILITY.'n. s. [habilité, Fr.]
2. To retract, recant, or abnegate, a posi1. The power to do any thing, whether
tion upon oath. depending upon skill, or riches, or To ABLA'CTATE. v. a. (ablacto, Lat.] strength, or any other quality
To wean from the breast.
One of the me
thods of grafting ; and, according to If aught in my ability may serve
the.signification of the word, as it were To lighten what thou suffer'st, and appease a weaning of a cyon by degrees from its Thy mind with what amends is in my pow'r; mother stock, not cutting it off wholly
Milton. from the stock till it is firmly united to They gave after their ability unto the trea
that on which it is grafted.
[ablaqueatio, ability which God giveth; that God in all things Lat.] The act or practice of opening may be glorified through Jesus Christ. 1 Pet. the ground about the roots of trees, to
Wherever we find our abilities too weak for let the air and water operate upon them. the performance, he assures us of the assistance
Trench the ground, and make it ready for the of his holy spirit.
spring: prepare also soil, and use it where you 2. Capacity of mind; force of understand. have occasion : dig borders. Uncover as yet ing; mental power.
roots of trees, where ablaqueation is requisite. Children in whom there was no blemish; but
Evelyn's Kalendar. well-favoured, and skilful in all wisdom, and The tenere in chief is the very rəot that doth cunning in knowledge, and understanding sci maintain tliis siver stem, that by many rich and ence, and such as had ability in them to stand fruitful branches spreadeth itself: so if it be in the king's palace.
Den. suffered to starve, by want of ablaqueation and 3. When it has the plural number, abili other good husbandry, this yearly fruit will
Bacon, ties, it frequently signifies the faculties or powers of the mind; and sometimes
ABLA’TION. N. 5. (ablatio, Lat.] The the force of understanding given by pa
act of taking away. ture, as distinguished from acquired
A'BLATIVE. adj. [ablativus, Lat.] qualifications.
1. That takes away: Whether it may be thought necessary, that in 2. The sixth case of the Latin nouns ; the certain tracts of country, like what we call pa case which, among other significations, rishes, there should be one man, at least, of abi includes the person from whom somelities to read and write?
S:vift. thing is taken away. A term of grammar. ABINTE'STATE. adj; [of ab, from, and A'BLE. adj. (habile, I'r. habilis, Lat. Skil. intestatus, Lat.) A term of law, im
ful; ready.] plying him that inherits from a man
1. Having strong faculties, or great who, though he bad the power to make
strength or knowledge, riches, or any a will, yet did not make it.
other power of mind, body, or fortune: To A'BJUGATE. v.a. [abjugo, Lat.] , To Henry VII. was not afraid of an able mar, as unyoke; to uncouple.
Lewis the Eleventh was. But, contrariwise, he ABJUR A'TION.n.s. (from abjure.] The act was served by the ablest men that were to be of abjuring; the oath taken for that end.
found; without which his affairs could not have Until Henry VIII. his time, if a man,
prospered as they did. Bacon's Henry VII. having committed felony, could go into
Such gambol faculties he hath, that shew a a church or church-yard before he were
weak mind and an able body; for the which the prince admits him.
Shakspeare's Henry !! apprehended, he might not be taken 2. Having power sufficient; enabled. from thence to the usual trial of law;
All mankind acknowledge themselves elle but confessing his fault to the justices,
and sufficient to do many things which actually or to the coroner, gave his oath to for
they never do.
Soutb'. Sermons. sake the realm for ever, which was
Every man shall give as he is able, according called abjuration.
to the blessing of the Lord thy God which lie hath given thee.
3. Before a verb, with the particle to, it To A'BNEGATE. v. a. [from abnego, Lat.] signifies generally having the power.
To deny. Wrath is cruel, and anger is outrageous; but ABNEGA'Tion, n. s. (abnegatio, Lat. dewho is able to stand before envy? Proverbs.
nial, from abnego, to deny.] Denial, re4. With for it is not often nor very pro nunciation. perly used.
The abnegation or renouncing of all his own There have been some inventions also, which holds and interests, and trusts of all that man is have been able for the utterance of articulate most apt to depend upon, that he may the more sounds, as the speaking of certain words.
expeditely follow Christ.
Hammond. Wilkins's Mathematical Magic. ABNODA'TION. n. s. [abrodatio, Lat.] To A'BLE. V. a. To make able ; to en
The act of cutting away knots from able, which is the word commonly used. trees : a term of gardening. Dict. See ENABLE.
ABNO'RMOus. adj. [abnormis, Lat. out Plate sin with gold,
Dict. And the strong lance of justice hurtless breaks:
of rule.] Irregular; mishapen. Arm it with rays, a pigmy's straw doth pierce it.
ABOʻARD. adv. (a sea term, but adopted None does offend, none, 1 say none; I'll able 'em into common language; derived immeTake that of me, my friend. Sbaks. K. Lear. diately from the French à bord, as, aller ABLE-BODIED. adj. Strong of body. à bord, envoyer à bord. Bord is itself a
It lies in the power of every fine, woman, to word of very doubtful original, and persecure at least half a dozen able-bodied men to
haps, in its different acceptations, dehis majesty's service. Addison's Freebolder. TO ABLEGATE. v.
ducible from different roots. Bord, in the a. [ablego, Lat.) To send abroad upon some enploy
ancient Saxon, signified a house ; in which ment; to send out of the way." Dict.
sense, to go aboard, is to take up resid ABLE GA’TION. n. so (from ablegate.) The
ence in a ship.] act of sending abroad.
1. In a ship.
He loudly call’d to such as wetę ahoard, A'BLENES3. n. s. (from able. Ability of The little bark unto the shore to draw, body or mind, vigour, force.
And him to ferry over that deep ford. That nation doch so excel, both for comeliness
Fairy Queen and ableness, that from neighbour countries they He might land them, if it pleased him, or othercrdinariy come, some to strive, some to learn, wise keep them aboard. Sir W. Raleigh's Essays. some to behold.
Sidney. 2. Into a ship. A'BLEPSY. ". s. (åb2bfire, Gr.7 Want of When morning rose, I sent my mates to bring
sight; blindness; unadvisedness. Dict. Supplies of water from a neighb'ring spring, To A'BLIGATE, v.a. (abligo, Lat.] To tie
Whilst I the motions of the winds explor'd; up from.
Addison's Ovid's Metamorphoses.
1. Habitation ; dwelling ; place of residence. To A BLOCATE. v. a. [abloco, Lat.] To
But I know thy abode and thy going out, and let out to hire.
thy coming in.
2 Kings, Perhaps properly by him who has hired Others may use the ocean as their road, it from another.
Only the English make it their abode; ABLOC A'TION, 1.
Whose ready sails with every wind can fly, so [from ablocate.] A
And make a cov’nant with th' inconstant sky. letting out to hire.
Waller. T. ABLU'DE. V. n. [abludo, Lat.] To be 2. Stay; continuance in a place. unlike.
Dict. Sweet friends, your patience for my long abode ; A'BLUENT. adj. [abluens, Lat. from abluo, Not I, but my affairs, have made you wait. to wash away.)
Shakspeare's Merchant of Venice. 1. That washes clean.
Making a short abode in Sicily the second time, 2. That has the power of cleansing. Dict.
landing in Italy, and making the war, may be
reasonably judged the business but of ten months. ABLU’TION. n. 5. Cablutio, Lat.)
Dryden's Æneid. 1. The act of cleansing, or washing clean. The woodcocks early visit, and abode
There is a natural analogy between the ablution Of long continuince in our temp'rate clime, of the body and the purification of the soul; be Foretel a liberal harvest.
Pbilipra tween eating the holy bread and drinking the sa 3. To make abode. To dwell; to reside ; cred chalice, and a participation of the body and to inhabit. blood of Christ. Taylor's Wortby Com
Deep in a cave the Sibyl makes abode ; 3. The water used in washing.
Thence full of fate returns, and of the God. Dry. Wash'd by the briny wave, the pious train To A BO'DE. v. a. (Sce BODE.) To foreAre cleans'd, and cast th' ablutions in the main.
token or foreshow; to be a prognostic; 3. The rinsing of chymical preparations in
to be ominous. It is taken, with its water, to dissolve and wash away any,
derivatives, in a good sense.
Every man, acrimonious particles.
After the hideous storm that follow'd, was 4. The cup given, without consecration, A ching inspir'd; and, not consulting, broko to the laity in the popish churches.
Into a general prophecy, that this tempest VOL. I.
Dashing the garment of this peace, aboded ABOMINABLE. adj. [abominabilis, Lat.} 'The sudden breach of it. Sbaks. Hen. VIII.
I. Hateful; detestable; to be loathed. ABOʻDEMENT. n. s. [from To abode.) A
This infernal pit secret anticipation of something future; Abominable, accurs'd, the house of vroe. Milton. an impression upon the mind of some The queen and ministry might easily redress event to come; prognostication; omen.
this abominable grievance. by, endeavouring to I like not this:
choose men of virtuous principles. Swift. For many men that stumble at the threshold, 2. Unclean, Are well foretold that danger lurks within.--
The soul that shall touch any unclean beast, or ---Tush! man, abodements must not now af any abominable unclean thing, even that soul shall fright us.
Sbaks. Hen. VI.
Leviticus. My lord bishop asked him, Whether he had 3. In low and ludicrous language, it is a never any secret abodement in his mind ? No, word of loose and indetermina' censure. replied the duke; but I think some adventure
They say you are a melancholy fellow..--I am may kill me as well as another man. Wotton.
so; I do love it better than laughing.---Those that TO APO'LISH. v. a (aboleo, Lat.)
are in extremity of either, are abominable fellow's, 1. To annu? ; to make void. Applied to and betray themselves to every modern censure, laws or institutions.
worse than drunkards. Shaks. As you like it. For us to abolish what he hath established, ABOMINABLENESS. n. 4. (from abomiwere presumption most intolerable. Hooker. nable.] The quality of being abomi.
On the parliament's part it was proposed, that nable; hatefulness; odiousness.
mediately taken away, and abolished. Clarendon. eternal and essential difference between virtue 2. To put an end to, to destroy.
and vice, we must forbear to urge atheists with The long continued wars between the English the corruption and abominableness of their prinand the Scots had then raised invincible jealou ciples.
Bentley's Scrinons. sies and hate, which long continued peace hath ABO’MINABLY, adv. [from abominable.] since abolisbed.
Sir Job: Hayward. That shall Perocles well requite, I wot,
Excessively; extremely; exceedingly; in
an ill sense. And with thy blood abolish so reproachful blot.
A word of low or familiar Fairy Qucen.
language, and is not often seriously used. More destroy'd than thus,
I have observed great abuses and disorders in We should be quite abolishd, and expire. Milton.
your family; your servants are mutinous and Or wilt thou thyself
quarrelsome, and cheat you most abominably. Abolish thy creation, and unmake,
Arbuthnot. For him, what for thy glory thou hast made ?
To ABOʻMINATE. v. a. (abominor, Lat.]
Milton. To abhor ; to detest ; to hate utterly.
Pride goes hated, cursed, and abominated by all. The stench abolish, or the savour tame. Dryden.
Hammond. Fermented spirits contract, harden, and con We are not guilty of your injuries, solidate many libres together, abolishing many No way consent to them; but do abhor, canals ; especially where the fibres are the ten Abominate, and loath this cruelty. Southern's Oro. derest, as in the brain. Arbutbrot on Aliments. He professed both to abominate and despise all A BO'LISHABLE. adj. [from abolish.] That mystery, refinement, and intrigue, either in a may be abolished.
prince or minister.
Szeift. ABO'LISHER, n. s. [from abolish.] He that
ABOMINATION. 11. S. abolishes.
I. Hatred ; detestation. A BO'LISHMENT. n. s. [from abolish.] The
To assist king Charles by English or Dutch
forces, would render him odious to his new subact of abolishing. The plain and direct way had been to prove
jects, who have nothing in so great abomination, that all such ceremonies, as they require to be
as those whom they hold for hereticks.
Swift. abolished, are retained by us with the hurt of the
2. The object of hatred. church, or with less benefit than the abolisbment
Every shepherd is an abomination to the Egyp
tians. of them would bring.
Hooker. He should think the abali.bment of episcopacy 3. Pollution ; defilement. among us, would prove a nighty scandal and cor
And there shall in no wise enter into it any ruption to our faith, and manifestly dangerous to thing that defileth, neither whatsoever worketh
Rou. our monarchy.
abomination, or maketh a lie. Sovifi's (b.of Eng. Man. ABOLITION. n. s. [tom abolish.] The 4. Wickedness; hateful or shameful vice. act of abolishing. This is now more
Th' adulterous Anthony, most large frequently used than abolishment.
In his abominations, turns you off,
And gives his potent regiment to a trull, may be dated the ruin of Rome: for had the re
That noses it against us.
Sbakspeare. ducing hereof to its ancient condition, proposed 5. The cause of pollution. by Agrippa, been accepted instead of Mæcenas's And the high places that were before Jerusamodel, that state might have continued unto this lem, which were on the right hand of the mount day.
Greru's Cosmologia Sacra. of corruption, which Solomon the king of Israel An apoplexy is a sudden abolition of all the had builded for Ashtoreth the abomination of the senses, and of all voluntary motion, by the stop Zidonians, and for Chemosh the atomination of page of the flux and reflux of the animal spirits the Moabites, and for Milcom the abonzination of Wrough the nerves destined for those motions. the children of Ammon, did the king defile. Arbutbuot an Dick
ABORIGINES. n. s. [Lat.] The earliest
inhabitants of a country; those of whom no original is to be traced; as the Welsh
in Britain. TO ABORT. v. n. (aborto, Lat.] To bring
forth before the time; to miscarry. Dict. A BO'RTION. 1. s. (abortio, Lat.) 1. The act of bringing forth untimely. These then need cause no abortion.
Sandys. 2. The produce of an untimely birth.
His wife miscarried; but, as the abortion proved only a female fatus, he comforted himself.
Arbutbrot and Poe's Martins Scriblerus. Behold my arm thus blasted, dry, and wither'd, Shrunk like a foul abortion, and decay'd
Like some untimely product of the seasons. Rowe. ABORTIVE, a. s. Tbat which is born be.
fore the due time. Perhaps anciently
No common wind, no customed event,
Take the fine skin of an abortive, and, with starch thin laid on, prepare your ground or tablet.
Peacham on Drawing. Many are preserved, and do signal service to their country, who, without a provision, might have perished as abortives, or have come to an untimely end, and perhaps have brought upon their guilty parents the like destruction.
Addison's Guardian. A BO'RTIVE, adj. (abortivus, Lai.] 1. Brought forth
before the due time of birth. If ever he have 'child, abortive be it, Prodigious, and untimely brought to light. Shaks. All th' unaccomplish'd works of nature's hand, Abortive, monstrous, or unkindly mix’d, Dissolv'd on earth, feet hither. Milt. Par. Lost.
Nor will his fruit expect Tn'autumnal season, but, in summer's pride When other orchards smilé, abortive fail. Pbilips. 2. That fails for want of time : figuratively:
How often hast thou waited at my cup, Remember it, and let it make thee crest-fall’n; Ay, and allay this thy abortive pride.
Shaks. 3. That brings forth nothing.
The void profound
Milton's Paradise Lost. 4. That fails or miscarries, from whatever cause. This is less proper.
Many politick conceptions, so elaborately formed and wrought, and grown at length ripe for delivery, do yet, in the issue, iniscarry and
South's Sermons A BO'RTIVELY. adv. (from abortive.] Born
without the due time; immaturely; unABO'ktiveness. n. s. [from abortive.]
The state of abortion. ABOʻRTMENT. 1. s. [from abort.] The
thing brought forth out of time ; an untimely birth.
Concealed treasures, now dost to mankind, shall be brought into use by the industry of converted penitents, whose wretched carcases the impacial
laws dedicate, as untimely feasts, to the worms of the carth, in whose womb those deserted mineral riches must ever lie buried as lost abortments, unless those be made the active midwives to deliver them.
Bac. Physic. Remains. ABOʻVE. prep. [from a, and bufan,
Saxon ; boven, Dutch.]
So when with crackling fames a cauldron fries,
Drydenta 2. More in quantity or number.
Every one that passeth among them, that are numbered from twenty years old and above, shall give an offering unto the Lord.
Exodus.' 3. In a superiour degree, or to a superiour degree of rank, power, or excellence.
The Lord is nigh above all nations, and his glory above the heavens.
Psalms The public power of all societies is above every soul contained in the same societies. Hooker.
There is no riches above a sound body, and no joy ebove the joy of the heart.
Latona sees her shine above the rest, And feeds with secret joy her silent breast. Dryd. 4. In a state of being superiour to; unattainable by:
It is an old and true distinction, that things may be obave our reason, without being contrary to it. of this kind are the power, the nature, and the universal presence of God, with innunea rable other points.
Swift. 5. Beyond; more than.
We were pressed out of measure, above strength; insomuch that we despaired even of life. 2 Cor.
In having thoughis uncontused, and being able to distinguish one thing from another, where there is but the least difference, consists the exactness of judgment and clearness of reason, which is in one man above another. Locke
The inhabitants of Tirol have many privileges above those of the other hereditary countries of the emperor.
Addison 6. Too proud for ; too high for. A phrase chiefly used in familiar expression.
Kings and princes, in the earlier ages of the world, laboured in arts and occupations, and were ebove nothing that tended to promote the conteniences of life.
Pope's Odyssey. ABOVE. adv. 1. Overhead ; in a bigher place.
To men standing below, inen standing aloft seem much lessened; to those above, men standa ing below scem not so much lessened. Bacon.
When he established the clouds above; when he strengthened the fountains of the deep; when he gave to the sea his decree, that the vaters should not pass his commandment; when he appointed the foundations of the earth; then I was by him, as oue brought up with him; and I was daily his delight, rejcicing always before hiin.
Proverbs. Every good gift, and every perfect gift, is from cbove, and cometh down from the Father of lights, with whora is no variableness, neither shadow of turning,