Abbildungen der Seite


was amiss.

[ocr errors]

the variety of sects live so amicably together, it ourselves from the church we were of before. is notorious how a turbulent party, joining with

Hooker, the Arminians, did attempt to destroy the re

O ye powers that search publick. Swifi's Churcb of England Man. The heart of man, and weigh his inmost thoughts, A'MICE. %. s. [amictus, Lat. amict, Fr. If I have done amiss, impute it not. Addison.

Primumex sex indumentis episcopo & pres. 3. In an ill sense. byteriis communibus sunt amictus, alba,

She sigh'd withal, they construed all amiss, cingudum, stola, manipulus, & planeta.

And thought she wish'd to kill who long'd to kiss.

Fairfax. Du Cange. Amictus quo collum stringi Wrong; improper ; unfit. tur, & pectus tegitur, castitatem interioris

Examples have not generally the force of laws, bominis designat : tegit enim cor, ne va. which all men ought to keep, but of counsels nitates cogitet ; stringit autem collum, ne

only and persuasions, not amiss to be followed inde ad linguam transeat mendacium.

by them, whose case is the like. Hooker. Bruno.] The first or undermost part of a

Methinks, though a man had all science and

all principles, yet it might not be amiss to have priest's habit, over which he wears the

some conscience.


5. Wrong ; not according to the perfecThus pass'd the night so foul, till morning fair Came forth with pilgrim steps in amice grey,

tion of the thing, whatever it be.

Your kindred is not much aniss, 'tis true; Milton,

Yet I am somewhat better born than you. Dryd. On some a priest, succinct in amice white, Attends.

I built a wall, and when the masons plaid the Pope.

knaves, nothing delighted me so much as to AMID. } prep. (from a and mid, or AMI'dst.) midst.)

stand by while my servants threw down what

Steift. 1. In the midst ; equally distant from 6. Reproachfull; irreverent. either extremity:

Every people, nation, and language, which Of the fruit

speak any thing amiss against the God of ShaOf each tree in the garden we may eat;

drach, Meshach, and Abednego, shall be cut in But of the fruit of this fair tree amidst

pieces, and their houses shall be made a dung'The garden, God hath said, ye shall not eat.

hill; because there is no other God that can Milton. deliver after this sort.

Daniel. The two ports, the bagnio, and Donatelli's. 7. Impaired in health ; as, I was somestatue of the great duke, amidst the four slaves what amiss yesterday, but am well tochained to his pedestal, are very noble sights. day.


8. Amiss is marked as an adverb, though a. Mingled with ; surrounded by ; in the ambit of another thing.

it cannot always be adverbially renAmid my flock with woe my voice I tear,

dored; because it always follows the And, but bewitch'd, who to his flock would

substantive to which it relates, contrary moan?


to the nature of adjectives in English; So hills amid the air encounter'd hills,

and though we say the action was amiss, Hurld to and fro with jaculation dire. Milton.

we never say an amiss action. What have I done, to name that wealthy swain, 9. Amiss is used by Sbakspeare as a noua The boar amidst my chrystal streams I bring, And southern winds to blast my flow'ry spring.

substantive. Dryden.

To my sick soul, as sin's true nature is, Amata's breast the fury thus invades,

Each toy seems prologue to some great amiss.

Hamlet. And fures with rage amid the sylvan shades.

Dryden. AMI'SSION. n. s. [amissio, Lat.) Loss. 3. Among; conjoined with.

To Ami't. v. a. [amitto, Lat.) To lose : What tho' no real voice nor sound

a word little in use. Amid their radiant orbs be found?

Ice is water congealed by the frigidity of In reason's ear they all rejoice,

the air, whereby it acquireth no new form, And utter forth a glorious voice,

but rather a consistence or determination of its For ever singing, as they shine,

diffluency, and amitteth not its essence, but con“The hand that made us is divine.” Addison. dition of Auidity. Brown's Vulgar Errours. Ami'ss. adv. (from a, which, in this A'MITY. n. s. (amitié, Fr. amicitia, Lat.]

form of composition, often signifies ac. Friendship, whether publick between cording to, and miss, the English particle, nations, opposed to war; or among the which shows any thing, like the Greek people, opposed to discord; or between waça, to be wrong; as, to miscount, to private persons. count erroneously ; to misdo, to commit The prophet David did think, that the very a crime: amiss therefore signišies not

meeting of men together, and their accompany.

ing one another to the house of God, should rigbt, or out of order.]

make the bond of their love insoluble, and tie 1. Faulty; criminal.

them in a league of inviolable amity. Hooker'. For that, which thou hast sworn to do amiss,

The monarchy of Great Britain was in league Is yet amiss, when it is truly done. Sbaks.

and amity with all the world. Sir J. Davies, 2. Faultily ; criminally.

You have a noble and a true conceit We hope therefore to reform ourselves, if at Of godlike amity; which appears most strongly exy time we have done smiss, is not to sever In bearing thus the absence of your lord, Sbak.

And ye, oh Tyrians, with immortal hate supply of provision ; but it surely may Pursue this race, this service dedicate

be more reasonably derived from munitio, To my deplored ashes; let there be

fortification; choses à munitions, things "Twixt us and them no league nor amity.


for the fortresses.] Military stores. AMMONIAC. n. s. A drug.

They must make themselves defensible against GUM AMMONIAC is brought from the East-Indies,

strangers; and must have the assistance of soine

able military man, and convenient arms and and is supposed to ooze from an umbelliferous

ammunition for their defence.

Bacon. plant. Dioscorides says, It is the juice of a kind

The colonel staid to put in the ammunition he of ferula growing in Barbary, and the plant is called agasyllis. Pliny calls the tree metopion,

brought with him; which was only twelve barwhich, he says, grows near the temple of Juo

rels of powder, and twelve hundred weight of march.

Clarendoni piter Ammon, whence the gum takes its name.

All the rich mines of learning ransackt are, I ought to be in dry drops, white within, yel

To furnish ammunition for this war. Denban. Jowish without, easily fusible, resinous, some

But now, his stores of ammunition spent, what bitter, and of a very sharp taste and smell,

His naked valour is his only guard : somewhat like garlick.' This gum is said to

Rare thunders are from his dumb cannon sent, have served the ancients for incense, in their sacrifices.

And solitary guns are scarcely heard. Drydens Savary. Trevoux.

Bread for SAL. AMMONIAC is a volatile salt of two kinds, AMMUNITION BREAD. n. s. ancient and modern. The ancient sort, de

the supply of the armies or garrisons. scribed by Pliny and Dioscorides, was a na A'MNESTY. n. s. [dumsic.] An act of tive salt, generated in those large inns where the oblivion; an act by which crimes crowds of pilgrims, coming from the temple of

against the government, to a certain Jupiter Ammon, used to lodge; who travelling upon camels, and those creatures in Cyrene,

time, are so obliterated, that they can where that celebrated temple stood, urining in

never be brought into charge. the stables, or in the parched sards, out of this

I never read of a law enacted to take away the • urine, which is remarkably strong, arose a kind

force of all laws, by which a man may safely of salt, denominated sometimes from the temple, commit, upon the last of June, what he would Ammoniac, and sometimes from the country,

infallibly be hanged for if he committed it on Cyreniac. No more of this salt is produced the first of July; by which the greatest criminals there; and from this deficiency some suspect

may escape, provided they continue long enough. there never was any such thing; but this suspi in power to antiquate their crimes, and by stifling cion is removed, by the large quantities of a salt,

them a while, deceive the legislature into an nearly of the same nature, thrown out by mount


Swift. Ætna.

AMNI'COLIST. adj. [amnicola, Lat.] InThe modern sal ammoniac is made in Egypt; habiting near a river.

Dict, where long-necked glass bottles, filled with soot, AMNIGENOUS. adj. [amnigenus, Lat.) a little sea salt, and the urine of cattle, and

Born of a river.

Dict. having their mouths luted with a piece of wet cotton, are placed over an oven or furnace, AMNION, 1 n. s. (Latin ; perhaps from in a thick bed of ashes, nothing but the necks A'MNIOS. 3 uger] The innermost mem. appearing, and kept there two days and a night, brane with which the fætus in the womb with a continual strong fire. The steam swells is most immediately covered, and with up the cotton, and forms a paste at the vente

which the rest of the secundines, the hole, hindering the salts from evaporating; which stick to the top of the bottle, and are taken out

chorion, and alantois, are ejected after in those large cakes, which they send to Eng

birth. It is whiter and thinner than land. Only soot exhaled from dung is the pro

the chorion. It also contains a nutri. per ingredient in this preparation; and the dung tious humour, separated by glands for of camels affords the strongest. Our chymists imitate the Egyptian sal ammo.

that purpose, with which the fætus niac, by adding one part of common salt to five

is preserved. It is outwardly cloathed 'of urine, with which some mix that quantity of

with the urinary membrane and the soot; and putting the whole in a vessel, they chorion, which sometimes stick so close raise from it, by sublimation, a white, friable, to one another, that they can scarce be farinaceous substance, which they call sal amma separated. It has also its vessels from πίας.

Chambers. AMMON'IACAL. adj. (from ammoniac.] AMOMUM. n. s. (Lat.) A sort of fruit.

the same origin as the chorion. Quincy, Having the properties of ammoniac.

The commentators on Pliny and Dioscorides Human blood calcined yields no fixed salt ;

suppose it to be a fruit different from ours. The nor is it a sal ammoniack, for that remains im

modern amomum appears to be the sisen of the mutable after repeated distillations; and distilla

ancients, or bastard stone-parsley. It resembles tion destroys the ammoniacal quality of animal

the muscat grape. This fruit is brought from salts, and turns them alkaline; so that it is a

the East Indies, and makes part of treacle. It is salt neither quite fixed, nor quite volatile, nor of a hot spicy taste and smell. Treveux. Cbezber.. quite acid, nor quite alkaline, nor quite ammoniacal; but soft and benign, approaching nearest to the nature of sal ammoniac. Arbuthnot.

Saxon.) AMMUNITION. N. s. (supposed by some

1. Mingled with; placed with other perto come from amonitio, which, in the

sons or things on every side. barbarous ages, seems to have significd

Amongst strawberries sow'here and there some borage-seed; and you shall find the strawberries

under those leaves far more large than their Lindamor has' wit and amorousness enough to fellow's.

Bacon, make him find it more easy to defend fair ladies, The voice of God they heard,

than to defend himself against them. Boyle. Now walking in the garden, by soft winds AMO'RT. adv. [à la mort, Fr.] In the Brought to their ears, while day declin'd: they state of the dead ; dejected; depressed ;

heard, And from his presence hid themselves among

spiritless. The thickest trees, both man and wife. Milton.

How fares my Kate? what, sweeting, all 2. Conjoined with others, so as to make AMORTIZa'tion. / n. s. [amortissement,


Shakspeare. part of the number.

AMO'RTIZEMENT.) amortissable, Fr.] I have then, as you see, observed the failings of many great wits amongst the moderns, who

The right or act of transferring lands to have attempted to write an epic poem. Dryden. mortmain ; that is, to some community

There were, among the old Roman statues, se that never is to cease. veral of Venus in different postures and habits; Every one of the religious orders was conas there are many particular figures of her made firmed by one pope or other; and they made an after the same design.

Addison. especial provision for them, after the laws of A'MORIST. 17.s. (from amour. ] An inamo amortization were devised and put in use by rato; a gallant; a man professing love.

princes. Ayliffe's Parergon Juris Canonici. Female beauties are as fickle in their faces as

TO AMO’RTIZE. v. a. (amortir, Fr.) their minds: though casualties should spare To alien lands or tenements to any cora them, age brings in a necessity of decay; leaving poration, guild, or fraternity, and doters upon red and white perplexed by incertainty both of the continuance of their mistress's

their successors; which cannot be done kindness, and her beauty, both which are ne

without licence of the king, and the cessary to the amorist's joys and quiet. Boyle.

lord of the manour.

Blount. AMOROSO. n. s. [Ital.] A man ena

This did concern the kingdom, to have farms moured.


sufficient to maintain an able body out of penury, A'MOROUS. adj. [amoroso, Ital.]

and to amortize part of the lands unto the yeo

manry, or middle part of the people. Bacon. 1. In love ; enamoured : with the particle To AMO'VE. v.a. (amoveo, Lat.) of before the thing loved; in Shak

1. To remove from a post or station : 2 speare, on.

juridical sense. Sure my brother is amorous on Hero; and hath withdrawn her father to break with him about 2. To remove; to move; to alter: a it.

Shakspeare. sense now out of use.
The am'rous master own'd her potent eyes, Therewith, amoved from his sober mood,
Sigh'd when he look’d,and trembled as he drew; And lives he yet, said he, that wrought this act?

Each flowing line confirm'd his first surprize, And do the heavens afford him vital food ?
And as the piece advanc'd, the passion grew.

Fairy Queen. Prior. At her so piteous cry was much amou'd 2. Naturally inclined to love ; disposed to Her champion stout.

Fairy Queens fondness ; fond.

TO AMO'UNT. v. n. [monter, Fr.] Apes, as soon as they have brought forth their 1. To rise to in the accumulative quantity; young, keep their eyes fastened on them, and

to compose in the whole : with the are never weary of admiring their beauty; so emorous is nature of whatsoever she produces.

particle to. It is used of several sums in Dryden,

quantities added together. 3. Relating, or belonging to love.

Let us compute a little more particularly how I that am not shap'd for sportive tricks,

much this will amount to, or how many oceans Nor made to court an am'rous looking-glass,

of water would be necessary to compose this 1, that am rudely stampt. Sbakspeare.

great ocean rowling in the air, without bounds And into all things from her air inspir'd

or banks.

Burnet'. Tbeory. The spirit of love, and amorous delight. Milton. 2. It is used, figuratively, of the conseIn the amorous net

quence rising from any thing taken alFirst caught, they likd; and each his liking together.


The errours of young men are the ruin of bue O! how I long my careless limbs to lay, siness; but the errours of aged men amount but Under the plantane's shade, and all the day to this, that more might have been done, or With am'rous airs my fancy entertain,

Bacon. Invoke the muses, and improve my vein! Waller, Judgments that are made on the wrong side AMOROUSLY. adv. [from amorous.] of the danger, 'amount to no more than an Fondly ; lovingly:

affectation of skill, without either credit or effect. When thou wil swim in that live-bath,

L'Estrange. Each fish, which every channel haths

AMO’unt. n. s. (from the verb.] The Will amerously to thee swim, Gladder to catch thee, than thou him. Donne.

sum total; the result of several sums or A'MOROUSNESS. n. s. [from amorous.]

quantities accumulated.

And now, ye lying vanities of life, The quality of being amorous ; fond Where are you now, and what is your amount? ness; lovingness; love.

Vexation, disappointment, and remorse. Tboms. All Gynecia's actions were interpreted by Amour. n. s. [amour, Fr. amor, Lat.] Basilius,as proceeding from jealousy of his amor

An affair of gallantry; an intrigue:

Sidney. VOL. I.





each way.

generally used of vitious love. The ou Tossed from one to another; striking sounds like oo in poor.

No man is of so general and diffusive a lust, Never was there such an amphibolous quarrel, as to prosecute his amours all the world over; both parties declaring themselves for the king, and let it burn never so outrageously, yet the and making use of his name in all their remonimpure flame will either die of itself, or consume strances, to justify their actions. Howel. the body that harbours it.

South. AMPHI’LOGY, n. s. [apps and hoy@..] The restless youth search'd all the world

Equivocation ; ambiguity. Dict. around But how can' Jove in his amours be found ? Add. AMPHISBÆ'NA n. s. [Lat. åpộic.m. A'MPER. n. so (ampre, Sax.] 'A tumour A serpent supposed to have two heads, with inflammation ; bile. A word said, and by consequence to move with either

end foremost. by Skinner, to be much in use in Essex;

That the ampbisbana, that is, a smaller kind but, perhaps, not found in books.

of serpent, which moveth forwardand backward, AMPHIBIOUS. adj. [erede 'and fis-.] hath two heads, or one at either extreme, was 1. That partakes of two natures, so as to affirmed by Nicander and others. Brown.

live in two elements; as in air and Scorpion, and asp, and ampbisbæna dire. Milt. water.

AMPHI'SCII. n. s. (Lat. ipproxiei, of A creature of amphibious nature,

apps and triu, a shadow.] Those people On land a beast, a fish in water. Hudibras.

dwelling in climates, wherein the shaThose are called amphibious, which live freely dows, at different times of the year, in the air, upon the carth, and yet are observed to live long upon water, as if they were natural

fall both ways; to the north pole, when inhabitants of that element; though it be worth the sun is in the southern signs; and to the examination to know, whether any of those the south pole, wlien he is in the northcreatures that live at ease, and by choice, a good ern signs. These are the people who while, or at any time, upon the earth, can live, inhabit the torrid zone. a long time together, perfectly under water.

AMPHITHE'ATRE.", ... (of appliarpor, of

Loske. Fishes contain much oil, and amphibious ani

cipapun and Jiaoua..] A building in a cir. mals participate somewhat of the nature of fishes, cular or oval form, having its area en. and are oily

Arbutbrot. compassed with rows of seats one above 2. Ofa mixt nature, in allusion to animals another; where spectators might bethat live in air and water.

· bold spectacles, as stage plays, or gladiTraulus of amphibious breed,

ators. The theatres of the ancients were Motley fruit of mungrel seed; By the dam from lordlings sprung,

built in the form of a semicircle, only ex. By the sire exhaled from dung. Swift. ceeding a just semicircle by one fourth AMPHIBIOUSNESS. n. s. [from amphibi. part of the diameter; and the amphious.] The quality of being able to live in

theatre is two theatres joined together; different elements.

so that the longest diameter of the amAMPHIBOLO'GICAL. adj. [from amphi phitheatre was to the shortest, as one bology.] Doubtful.

and a half to one. AMPHIBOLO'GICALLY. adv. (from am

Within, an ampbitheatre appcar'd

Rais'd in degrees; to sixty paces rear’d, phibological.] Doubtfully; with a doubt.

That when a man was plac'd in one degree, ful meaning

Height was allow'd for him above to see. Dryd. AMPHIBOʻLOGY. n. s. [ere poboa nyia.] Conceive a man placed in the burning iron

Discourse of uncertain meaning. It is chair at Lyons, amid the insults and mockeries distinguished from equivocation, which

of a crowded ampbitheatre, and still keeping his means the double signification of a sin

seat; or stretched upon a grate of iron, bver

coals of fire, and breathing out his soul among gle word; as, noli regem occidere timere

the exquisite sufferings of such a tedious execubonum est, is amphibology; captare lepores, tion, rather than renounce his religion, or blasmeaning, by lepores, either hares or jests, pheme his Saviour.

Addison is equivocation.

AʼMPLE. adj. [amplus, Lat.] Now the fallacies, whereby men deceive 1. Large ; wide ; extended. others, and are deceived themselves, the ancients

Heay'n descends have divided'into verbal and real; of the verbal, In universal bounty, shedding herbs, and such as conclude fror mistakes of the word, And fruits, and flowers, on Nature's ample lap. there are but two worthy our notation; the fal

Thomson lacy of equivocation, and ampbibology. Brown. 2. Great in bulk. He that affirm'd, 'gainst sense, snow black to Did

your letters pierce the queen to any dom be,

monstration of grief? Might prove it by this amphibology ;

She took 'em, and read 'em in my presence, Things are not what they seem.

Vers. on Cleaveland.

And now and then an ample tear trill'd down In defining obvious appearances, we are to

Her delicate cheeks. Sbakspeare's King Lear. use what is most plain and easy; that the mind

3. Unlimited; without restriction. be not misled by empbibologies into fallacious de

Have what you ask, your presents I receive; ductions.


Land where and when you please, with ampla AMPHI'BOLOUS. adj. [apoi and Báraw. ]


Dryde 4. Liberal; large; without parsimony:

and ampliate.

mildest sense.

If we speak of strict justice, God could no So when a great moneyed man hath divided way have been bound to requite man's labours his chests, and coins, and bags, he seemeth to in so large and ample manner as human felicity himself richer than he was: and therefore a way

doth import; in as much as the dignity of this to amplify any thing is to break it, and to make : exceedeth so far the other's value. Hooker. anatomy of it in several parts, and to examine 3. Magnificent ; splendid.

it according to the several circumstances. Bacon. To dispose the prince the more willingly to

All concaves that proceed from more narrow undertake his relief, the earl made ample pro

to more broad, do amplify the sound at the mises, that, within so many days after the siege

coming out.

Bacon. should be raised, he would advance his highness's 2. To enlarge, or extend any thing incorlevies with two thousand men.

Clarendon. poreal. 6. Diffusive; not contracted; as, an ample

As the reputation of the Roman prelates grew narrative; that is, not an epitome.

up in these blind ages, so grew up in them withal A'MPLENESS. n. s. [from ample.] The

a desire of amplifying their power, that they

might be as great in temporal forces, as men's quality of being ample ; largeness ;

opinions have formed them in spiritual matters. splendour.

Raleigh. Impossible it is for a person of my condition to produce any thing in proportion either to the

3. To exaggerate any thing; to enlarge ampleness of the body you represent, or of the

it by the manner of representation. places you bear.

South. Thy general is my lover; I have been To A'MPLIATE. v. a. [amplio, Lat.] To

The book of his good acts; whence men have

read enlarge; to make greater ; to extend. His fame unparalleld, haply amplified. Shaks. He shall look upon it, not to traduce or ex

Since I have plainly laid open the negligence tenuate, but to explain and dilucidate, to add and errours of every age that is past, I would not


willingly seem to fatter the present, by amplifia AMPLIA’TION. N. s. [from ampliate.] ing the diligence and true judgment of those ser. 5. Enlargement; exaggeration ; exten vitours that have laboured in this vineyard. sion.

Davies, Odious matters admit not of an ampliation, but 4. To enlarge ; to improve by new addiought to be restrained and interpreted in the tions.

Ayliffe's Parergon. In paraphrase the author's words are not strict2. DiffuseDess; enlargement.

ly followed; his sense too is amplified, but not The obscurity of the subject, and the preju altered, as Waller's translation of Virgil

. Dryd. dice and prepossession of most readers, may I feel age advancing, and my health is insufplead excuse for any ampliations or repetitions ficient to increase and amplify these remarks, to that may be found, whilst I labour to express confirm and improve these rules, and to illumi. myself plain and full. Holder. nate the several pages.

Watts. TO AMPLIFICATE. v. a. [amplifico, Lat.] To Amplify. v. n. Frequently with the To enlarge ; to spread out; to amplify. particle on.

Dict. 1. To speak largely in many words; to AMPLIFICA’TION. n. s. (amplification, Fr. lay one's self out in diffusion. amplificatio, Lat.)

When you affect to amplify on the former 1. Enlargement ; extension.

branches of a discourse, you will often lay, a ne2. It is usually taken in a rhetorical sense,

cessity upon yourself of contracting the latter,

and prevent yourself in the most important part and implies exaggerated representation,

of your design.

Watts' Logick. or diffuse narrative ; an image heighten- 2. To form large or pompous representaed beyond reality; a narrative enlarged tions. with many circumstances.

An excellent medicine for the stone might be I shall summarily, without any amplification conceived, by amplifying apprehensions able to at all, show in what manner defects have been break a diamond. Brown's Vulgar Erroursa supplied.

Davies. I have sometimes been forced to amplify,on Things unknown seem greater than they are, others; but here, where the subject is so fruitand are usually received with amplifications above ful that the harvest overcomes the reaper, I am Brown's Vulgar Errours. shortened by my chain.

Dryden. Is the poet justifiable for relating such incre Homer amplifies, not invents; and as there was dible amplifications? It may be answered, if he really a people called Cyclopeans, so they might had put these extravagances into the mouth of

be men of great stature, or giants. Pope's Odys. : Ulysses, he had been unpardonable ; but they A'MPLITUDE. n. so (amplitude, Fr. amsuit well the character of Alcinous.

Pope. A'MPLIFIER. 1. s. (from To amplify.]

plitudo, Lat.] One that enlarges any thing ; one that

1. Extent.

Whatever I look upon, within the amplitude of exaggerates; one that represents any

heaven and earth, is evidence of human igthing with a large display of the best


Glanville. circumstances : it being usually taken 2. Largeness ; greatness. in a good sense.

Men should learn how severe a thing, the Dorillaus could need no amplifier's mouth for true inquisition of nature is, and accustom the highest point of praise.

Sidney. themselves, by the light of particulars, to enTO AʼMPLIFY. v. 2. [amplifier, Fr.] large their minds to the amplitude of the world, 3. To enlarge ; to increase any material

and not reduce the world to the narrowness of their minds.

Ba:əri, , substance, or object of sense.


their nature.

« ZurückWeiter »