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their utmost elevation; for he is every way Dark colours easily suffer a sensible allaq, by perfect and all-sufficient.

Norris. little scattering light. Newton's Opiteks. ALL-WISE, adj. [from all and wise.] 3. Allay being taken from baser metals, Possest of infinite wisdom.

commonly implies something worse than There is an infinite, eternal, all-wise mind go that with which it is mixed. verning the affairs of the world. Soutb.

The joy has no allay of jealousy, hope, and Supreme, all-zuise, eternal potentate!


Roscommon. Sole author, sole disposer, of our fate! Prior. ALLA'YER. n. s. [from allay.) The perALLANTOʻIS, or ALLANTO'IDES.

son or thing which hasthe power or qua1. s.[from anless a gut, and a 9, shape.]

lity of allaying. The urinary tunick placed between the

Phlegm and pure blood are reputed allayers of amnion and chorion, which, by the na acrimony; and Avicen countermands letting vel and urachus, or passage by which blood in cholerick bodies; because he esteems the urine is conveyed from the infant in the blood a frenum bilis, or a bridle of gall, obthe womb, receives the urine that comes

tunding its acrimony and fierceness.


ALLA'YMENT. n. s. [from allay.) That out of the bladder.

Quincy. TO ALLA'Y. v. a. (from alloyer, Fr. to

which has the power of allaying or mis one metal with another in order to

abating the force of another.

If I could temporize with my affection, coinage : it is therefore derived by, some

Or brew it to a weak and colder palate, from à la loi, according to law; the quan The like allayment would I give iny grief. Shak. tity of metals being mixed according to ALLEGA'TION. n. s. [from allege.] law: by others, from allier, to unite: 1. Affirmation ; declaration.

perhaps from allocare, to put together.] 2. The thing alleged or affirmed. 1. To mix one metal with another, to Hath he not twit our sovereign lady here

make it fitter for coinage. In this sense With ignominious words, though darkly coucht? most authors preserve theoriginal French

As if she had suborned some to swear orthography, and write alloy. See Al.

False allegations, to o'erthrow his state ? Shaksp.

3. An excuse ; a plea. LOY.

I omitted no means to be informed of my er2. To join any thing to another, so as to rours: and I expect not to be excused in any

abate its predominant qualities. It is negligence on account of youth, want of leisure, used commonly in a sense contrary to

or any other idle allegations.

Pope. its original meaning, and is, to make TO ALLE'GE. v.a. [allego, Lat.] something bad, less bad. To obtund; 1. To affirm; to declare ; to maintain. to repress; to abate.

-2. To plead as an excuse, or produce as Being brought into the open air,

an argument. I would allay the burning quality

Surely the present form of church-government Of that fell poison.

Shakspeare. is such, as no law of God, or reason of man, No friendly offices shall alter or allay that hath hitherto been alleged of force sufficient to rancour, that frets in some hellish breasts, which, prove they do ill, who, to the utmost of their upon all occasions, will foam out at its foul mouth power, withstand the alteration thereof. Hooker. in slander and invective.

Soutb. If we forsake the ways of grace or goodness, 3. To quiet ; to pacify ; to repress. The we cannot allege any colour of ignorance, or word, in this sense, I think not to be want of instruction ; we cannot say we have not

learned them, or we could not. derived from the French alloyer, but to


He hath a clear and full view, and there is no be the English word lay, with a before

more to be alleged for his better information. it, according to the old form.

Locle. If by your art you have ALLE'GEABLE. adj. [from allege.] That Put the wild waters in this roar allay them. Skak. ALLA'Y, n. s. [alloy, Fr.]

may be alleged.

Upon this interpretation all may be solved that 3. The metal of a baser kind mixed in

is allegeable against it. Brocon's Vulgar Errours. coins to harden them, that they may ALLE'GEMENT. 1. s. [from allege.] The wear less. Gold is allayed with silver same with allegation.

Dict, and copper, two carats to a pound ALLEÖGER. n. s. [from allege.] He that Troy; silver with copper only, of which alleges. eighteen penny-weights is mixed with a The narrative, if we believe it as confidently pound. Cowell thinks the allay is added,

as the famous alleger of it, Pamphilio, appears to countervail the charge of coining ;

to do, would argue, that there is no other prin which might have been done only by

ciple requisite, than what may result from the

lucky mixture of several bodies. Boyle. making the coin less.

ALLE'GIANCE. 11. s. (allegeance, Fr.] The For fools are stubborn in their way, As coins are harden'd by th'allay." Hudibras.

duty of subjects to the government. 2. Any thing which, being added, abates

I did pluck allegiance from men's hearts,

Loud shouts and salutations from their mouths, the predominant qualities of that with

Even in the presence of the crowned king. Sbak. which it is mingled; in the same man We charge you, on allegiance to ourselves, per as the admixture of baser metals To hold your slaughtering hands, and keep the allays the qualities of the first mass.



The house of commons, to whom every day of all, except Presto. It originally means petitions are directed by the several counties of

gay, as in Milton, England, professing all allegiance to thein, go- ALLELUJAH. n. so

(This word is vern absolutely; the lords concurring, or rather

submitting, to whatsoever is proposed.Clarendon. falsely written for Hallelujab, 3557 ALLEGIANT. adj. [from uilege.] Loyal; and 17'.] A word of spiritual exulta

conformable to the duty of allegiance. tion, used in hymns; it signifies, Praise Not used.

your great graces

He will set his tongue to those pious divine Heap'd upon me, poor undestrver, !

strains, which may be a proper præludium to Can nothing reader but allegiant thanks,

those allelujabs he hopes eternally to sing, My pray’rs to heaven for you. Sbakspeare.

Government of the Tongue. ALLEGORICAL. , adj. (from allegory.) ALLEMA’NDE. n. s. [Ital.] A grave ALLEGO'R}CK. $ After the manner of kind of musick,

Dict. an allegory; not real; not literal ; TO ALLENIATE. v. a: [allevo, Lat.] mystical.

1. To make light; to ease; to soften. A kingdom they portend thee; but what king

The pains taken in the speculative, will muchy dom,

alleviate me in describing the practic part. Har, Rcal or allegorick, I discern not. Milton.

Most of the distempers are the effectsof abused When our Saviour said, in an allegorical and

plenty and luxury, and must not be charged roystical sense, Except ye eat the flesh of the

upon our Maker; who, notwithstanding, hath Son of Man, and drink his blood, ye lave no

provided excellent medicines to alleviate those life in you; thehearers understood him literally

evils which we bring upon ourselves. Bentley. and grossly;

Bent!er. The epithet of Apollo for shooting, is capable 2. To extenuate, or soften; as, he alicof two applications; one literal, in respect of

i viates his fault by an excuse. the darts and bow, the ensigns of that god; the ALLEVIA'Tion. n. s. (froin alleviate.] other allegorical, in regard to the rays of the sun. 1. The act of making light, of allaying, or

Pope. extenuating. ALLEGO'RICALLY. adv. (from allegory] All apologies for, and alleviations of faults, After an allegorical manner.

though they are the heights of humanity, yet Virgil often makes Iris the messenger of Juno, they are not the favours, but the duties, of ellegorically taken for the air. Peacham, friendship.

South. The placeis to be understood allegorically; and 2. That by which any pain is eased, or fault what is thus spoken by a Phracian with wisdom, extenuated. is, by the poet, applied to the goddess of it.

This loss of one-fifth of their income will sit

Pope. heavy on them, who shall feel it, without the ALLEGO'RICALNESS. n. s. [from alle alleviation of any profit.

Locke. gorical.] The quality of being allegori- A’LLEY. n. 3. (allét, Fr.] cal.

Dict. 1. A walk in a garden. To A'LLEGORIZE. v. A. [from allegory:] And all within were walks and alleys wide,

To turn into allegory; to form an alle With footing worn, and leading inward far. gory; to take in a sense not literal.

Spenser, He hath very wittily allegorized this tree, al

Where alleys are close gravelled, the earth lowing his supposition of the tree itself to be

putteth forth the first year knotgrass, and after spiregrass.

Bacon's Natural History.

Assome would allegorize these signs, so others

Yonder alleys green, would contine them to the destruction of Jeru

Our walk at noon, with branches overgrown.

Miltor, salem.

Burnet's Theory.
An alchymist shall reduce divinity to the

Come, my fair love, our morning's task we lose; maxims of his laboratory, explain morality by

Some labour ev'n the easiest life would choose : sal, sulphur, and mercury; and allmorize the

Ours is not great; the dangling boughs to crop, scripture itself, and the sacred mysteries thereof,

W'hose too luxuriant growth our alleys stop. Droid into the philosopher's stone.


The thriving plants, ignoble broomsticks mada, A’LLÉGORY. n. s. [redanyazie ) A figu

Now sweep those alleys they were born to shade.

Pope. rative discourse, in which something 2. A passage in towns narrower than a other is intended, than is contained in

street. the words literally taken ; as, wealıb is A back friend, a shoulder-clapper, one that The daugoter of diligenci', and the parent of commands the passages of alleys, creeks, and narautburity.

row lanes.

Sbakspeare Neither must be draw out our allegory too ALLIANCE. n. s. (alliance, Fr.] long, lest either we makeourselves obscure, or fall 1. The state of connection with another into affectation which is childish. This word nympha meant nothing else but, hy

by confederacy; a league. In this sense, allegory, the vegciative humour or moisture our histories of queen Anne mention that quickencth and giveth life to trees and

the grand alliance. Hoxers, whereby they grow.

Peacham, 2. Relation by marriage. ALLEGRO. ». s. A word denoting one of A bloody Hymen shall th'alliance join the six distinctions of time.

Betwixt the Trojan and th’Ausonian line. Dryd. presses a sprightly motion, the quickest 3. Relation by any form of kindred.


Ben Jonson.

It ex

For my father's sake,

3. An allowance made upon an account; "And for alliance sake, declare the cause

a term used in the Exchequer. Chamber's. My facber lost his head. Sbakspeare. ALLOCU'TION. . s. [allocutio, Lat.] The

Adrastus soon with gods averse shall joia In dire alliance with the Theban line;

act of speaking to another. Thence strife shall rise, and mortal war succeed. ALLO'DIAL. adj. [from allodium.] Held

Pope. without any acknowledgment of supe4. The act of forming or contracting re riority; not feudal ; independent.

lation to another; the act of making a ALLODIUM. n. s. [A word of very unconfederacy.

certain derivation, but most probably Dorset, your son, that with a fearful soul

of German original.] A possession held Leads discontented steps in foreign soil,

in absolute independence, without any This fair alliance quickly shall call home To high promotions.


acknowledgment of a lord paramount, 5. The persons allied to each other.

It is opposed to fee, or feudum, which I would not boast the greatness of my father,

intimates some kind of dependence. But point out new alliances to Cato. Addison. There are no allodial lands in England, ALLICIENCY.n. s. [addicio, Lat. to entice all being held either mediately or imme

or draw.] The power of attracting any diately of the king.
thing : magnetisin ; attraction. ALLO'NGE. n. s. (allonge, Fr.]

The feigned central alliciency is but a word, I A pass or thrnst with a rapier, so called and the manner of it still occult. Glanville.

from the lengthening of the space taken T. ALLIGATE. V. a. (alligo, Lat.)

up by the funcer. To tie one thing to another ; to unite.

2. It is likewise taken for along rein, when ALLIGATION. n. s. [troin alligare.]

the horse is trotted in the hand. 1. The act of tying together; the state of To Allo'o. v.a. [This word is generally being so tied

spoke halloo, and is used to dogs, when 2. The arithmetical rule that teaches to ad

they are incited to the chace or battle; just the price of compounds, formed of

it is commonly imagined to come from several ingredients of different value. ALLIGATOR. ». s. The crocodile. This

the French allons ; perhaps from all is,

look all; showing the object.] To set name is chiefly used for the crocodile of

on; to incite a dog, by crying alloo. America, between which, and that of

Alloo thy furious mastiff; bid 'hina ver Africa, naturalists have laid down this The noxious herd, and print upon their ears difference, that one moves the upper

A sad memorial of their past offence. Philips, and the other the lower jaw ; but this A’LLOQUY. n. s. [alloquium, Lat.) The is now known to be chimérical, the act of speaking to another; address; lower jaw being equally moved by both.

conversation. See CROCODILE.

TO ALLO'T. v. 9. (from lot.) In his needy shop a tortoise hung,

1. To distribute by lot. An alligater stuff'd, and other skins

2. To grant. Of ill-shap'd fishes.

Sbakspeare. Five days we do allot thee for provision, Aloft in rows large poppy-heads were strung, To shield'thee from disasters of the world; And here a scaly alligator hung. Gartl's Disp. And on the sixth to turn thy hated back A'LLIGATURE. n. š. (from ulligare.] The Upon our kingdom. Sbakspeare's King Lear.

link, or ligature, by which two things I shall deserve my fate, if I refuse are joined together.


That happy hour which heaven allots to peace. Allision. n. s. (allido, allisum, Lat.]

Dryden. The act of striking one thing against

3. To distribute; to parcel out; to give another.

each his share. There have not been any islands of note, or

Since fame was the only end of all their stue considerable extent, torn and cast off from the

dies, a man cannot be too scrupulous in allotting them their due portion of it.

Tatler. continent by earthquakes, or severed from it by the boisterous allision of the sea. Woodward.

ALLO'TMENT:n s. [from allot.) ALLITERA'TION.n. s. (cast and litera, Lat.)

1. That which is allotted to any one ; the Of what the critics call alliteralion, or

part, the share, the portiog granted. beginning of several words in the same

There can be no thought of security or quiet

in this world, but in a resignation to the allotverse with the same letter, there are ments of God and nature. instances in the oldest and best writers, Though it is our duty to submit with patience

to more scanty allotments, yet thus much we Behemeth biggest born. Milton's P. Lost. may reasonably and lawfully ask of God. Rogers. ALLOCATION. n. s. (alloro, Lat.] 2. Part appropriated. 1. The act of putting one thing to an

It is laid out into a grove for fruits and shade, other

a vineyard, and an allotment for olives and herbs.

Broome. 3. The admission of an article in reckon. ALLO'TTERY. n. s. (from allot.). That

ing, and addition of it to the account, which is granted to any particular per






son in a distribution. See ALLOTMENT.

God alloruable.

I was, by the freedom allowable among friends, Allow me such exercises as may become a gentleman, or give me the poor allottery my fa

tempted to vent my thoughts with negligence. ther left me by testament. Shakspeare.


Reputation becomes a signal and a very pecuTO ALLO'W. 7. a. [allouer, Fr. from

liar blessing to inagistrates; and their pursuit of allaudare, Lat.]

it is not only allozuable but laudable. Atterbury. 1. To adinit; as, to allow a position; not ALLO'WABLENESS. n. s. [from allowe to contradict; not to oppose.

able.] The quality of being allowable ; The principles which all mankind allow for

lawfulness; exemption from prohibition. true, are innate; those that men of right reason ,

Lots, as to their nature, use, and allowableadmit, are the principles allowed by all man

ness; in matters of recreation, are indeed im

The power of musick all our hearts allow;

pugned by some, though better defended by

Soutb's Sermons.
And what Timotheus was, is Dryden now. Pope.

ALLO'WANCE. n. s. [from allow.] That some of the Presbyterians declared openly against the king's murder, I allow to be

1. Admission without contradiction. Swift.

That which wisdcm did first begin, and hath 2. To justify; to maintain as right.

been with good men long continued, challengeth The pow'rs above

allowance of them that succeed, although it plead Allotu obedience.

for itself nothing.

The Lord alloweth the righteous. Bible.

Without the notion and allowance of spirits, 3. To grant ; to yield ; to own any one's

our philosophy will be lame and defective in one
main part of it.

Locke, title to.

2. Sanction ; license; authority. We will not, in civility, allow too much sin

You sent a large commission to conclude,
cerity to the professions of most men; but think
their actions to be interpreters of their thoughts.

Without the king's will, or the state's allowance,

A league between his Highness and Ferrara. Sbak.
I shall be ready to allow the pope as little

3. Permission; freedom from restraint. power here as you please.


They should therefore be accustomed betimes

to consult and make use of their reason, before 4. To grant license to; to permit. Let's follow the old earl, and get the beldam

they give allowance to their inclinations. Lockt. To lead him where he would; his roguish madness

4. A settled rate, or appointment, for any Allows itself to any thing. Sbakspeare.

But, as we were allowed of God to be put in The victual in plantations ought to be estrust with the gospel, even so we speak, not as pended almost as in a besieged town; that is, pleasing men, but God, which trieth our hearts. with certain allowance.

Bacon. 1 Thess. And his allorvance was a continual allowance They referred all laws, that were to be passed given him of the king; a daily rate for every in Ireland, to be considered, corrected, and al day all his life.

2 Kings. lowed, first by the state of England. Davies, 5. Abatement from the first rigour of a 5. To give a sanction to; to authorize. law or demand. There is no slander in an allow'd fool. Sbaks.

The whole poem, though written in heroic 6. To give to; to pay to.

verse, is of the Pindaric nature, as well in the Ungrateful then! if we no tears allow thought as the expression; and, as such, requires To him that gave

peace and empire too. Wal. the same grains of allowance for it. Dryden. 7. To appoint for; to set out to a certain Parents never give allowances for an innocent use; as, he allowed his son the third


Swift part of his income.

6. Established character ; reputation. 8. To make abatement, or provision ; or

His bark is stoutly timber'd, and his pilot to settle any thing, with some conces

Of very expert and approv'd allowance, Shaksp. sions or cautions regarding something I. Baser metal mixed in coinage.

ALLo'y. n. s. (See ALLAY.] else.

That precise weight and fineness, by law ap-
If we consider the different occasions of an-

propriated to the pieces of each denomination, cient and modern medals, we shall find they both is called the standard. Fine silver is silver withagree in recording the great actions and successes

out the mixture of any baser metal. Alley is in war; allowing still for the different ways of baser metal mixed with it.

Lorkee making it, and the circumstances that attended

Lot another piece be coined of the same weight, it.


wherein half the silver is taken out, and copper, ALLO'WABI.E. adj. [from allow.]

or other alloy, put into the place, it will be 1. That may be admitted without contra worth but half as much; for the value of the diction.

is so inconsiderable as not to be reckoned.
It is not allowable, what is observable in
many pieces of Raphael, where Magdalen is 2. Abatement; diminution.
represented before our Saviour washing his feet The pleasures of sense are probably relished by
on her knees; which will not consist with the beasts in a more exquisite degree than they are

Brown's Vulgar Errours. by men; for they taste them sincere and pure 2. That is permitted or licensed ; tawful;

without mixture or alloy. not forbidden.


1. s. [allubescentia, In actions of this sort, the light of nature Lat.] Willingness; content. alone may discover that which is in the sight of To-ALLU'DE. *. * {alludo, Lat.). To


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luded to.

Allur'd his eye.

chave some reference to a thing, without a bint; an implication. It has the parthe direct mention of it ; to hint at; ticle to. to insinuate. It is used of persons; as,

Here are manifest allusions and footsteps of be alludes to an old story; or of things,

the dissolution of the earth, as it was in the

deluge, and will be in its last ruin. as, the lampoon alludes to his mother's

This last allusion gall’d the panther more, faults.

Because indeed it rubb'd upon the sore. Dryd. These speeches of Jerom and Chrysostom do

Expressions now out of use, allusions to customs seem to allude unto such ministerial garments as

lost, tous, and various particularities, must needs were then in use.


continue several passages in the dark. Locke. True it is, that many things of this nature be

ALLU'SIV E. adj. [alludo, allusum, Lat.] alladed unto, yea, many things declared. Hooker! Then just proportions were taken, and every

Hinting at something not fully exthing placed by weight and measure: and this pressed. I doubi not was that artificial structure here al Where the expression in one place is plain, and

Burnet's Theory. the sense affixed to it agreeable to the proper force ALLU'MINOR. n. s. [allumer, Fr. to

of the words, and no negative objection requires ligbt.] One who colours or paints upon

us to depart from it; and the expression, in the

other, is figurative or allusive, and the doctrine paper or parchment ; because he gives deduced from it liable to great objections; it is graces, light, and ornament, to the let reasonable, in this latter place, to restrain the ex

ters or figures coloured. Cowell. tent of the figure and allusion to a consistency TO ALLU'RE. v. a. [leurer, Fr. looren,

with the former.

Rovers' Sermons. Dutch; belænen, Sax.] To entice to

A L.LU'SIVELY. adv. [from allusive.] In any thing whether good or bad ; to an allusive manner : by implication ; by draw toward any thing by enticement.

insinuation. Unto laws that men make for the benefit of The Jewish nation, that rejected and crucimen, it hath seemed always needful to add re

fied him, within the compass of one generation, wards, which may more allure unto good, than were, according to his prediction, destroyed by any hardness deterrethfrom it; and punishments,

the Romans, and preyed upon by those eagles which may more deter from evil, than any

(Matt. xxiv. 28.), by which, allusivelý, are noted sweetness thereto allureth.

Hooker. the Roman armies, whose ensign was the eagle. The golden sun, in splendour likest heav'n,

Hammond. Miltor's Paradise Lost. ALLU'SIVENESS. n. s. [from allusive.] Each flatt'ring hope, and each alluring joy, The quality of being allusive.

Lyttleton. ALLU'vion. n. s. (alluvio, Lat.] ALLU'RE, n. s. [from the verb allure.] 1. The carrying of any thing to something Something set up to entice birds, or

else by the motion of the water. other things, to it. We now write lure; 2. The thing carried by water to some. The rather to train them to his allure, he told

thing else. them both often, and with a vehement voice,

The civil law gives the owner of land a right how they were over-topped and trodden down

to that increase which arises from alluvion, which by gentlemen.


is defined an insensible increment, brought by ALLU'REMENT. n. š. [from allure.] That the water.

Cowell. which allures, or has the force of al. ALLUVIOUS. adj. [from alluvion.] That luring ; enticement; temptation of is carried by water to another place, and pleasure.

lodged upon something else. Against allurement, custom, and a world

TO ALLY'. v. a. (allier, Fr.]
Offended; fearless of reproach, and scorn,
Or violence.

1. To unite by kindred, friendship, or

Paradise Lost. -Adam, by his wife's allurement fell.

confederacy. Paradise Regained.

All these septs are allied to the inhabitants of To shun th' allurement is not hard the North, so as there is no hope that they will To minds resolv'd, forewarn'd, and well pre ever serve faithfully against them.

Speruer. par'd ;

Wants, frailties, passions, closer still ally, But wond'rous difficult, when once beset, The common int'rest, or endear the tye.' Pepee To struggle through the straits, and break th'

To the sun ally'd, involving net.


From him they draw the animating fire. Thomson. ALLU'RER. n. s. [from allure.? The 2. To make a relation between two things,

person that allures; enticer; inveigler. by similitude, or resemblance, or any ALLURINGLY. adv. (from allure.] In an

other means. alluring manner ; enticingly.

Two lines are indeed remotely allied to Vir. ALLU'RINGNESS. n. s. [from alluring.]

gil's sense; but they are too like the tenderness of Ovid.

Dryden. The quality of alluring or enticing ; invitation ;

ALLY'. 1. s. (allić, Fr.) One united by temptation by proposing pleasure.

some means of connexion; as, marriage,

friendship, confederacy. ALLU'SION. n. s. (allusia, Lat.] That

He in court stood on bis own feet; for the which is spoken with reference to

most of his allies rather leaned upon him than something supposed to be already shored hiin.

Wutton. krown, and therefore not expressed ; We could hinder the accession of Holland to

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