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A'FTER-ENDEAVOUR. n. s: (from after On dice, and drink, and drabs, they spend the and endeavour.] Endeavour made after afternoon.

Dryden's Persius. the first effort or endeavour.

A'FTERPAINS. n. s. [from after and pain.) There is no reason why the sound of a pipe

The pains after birth, by which women should leave traces in their brains, which, not are delivered of the secundine. first, but by their after-endeavours, should pro A'FTERPART. n. s. [from after and part.] duce the like sounds.

Locke. The latter part. A'FTER-INQUIRY, n. s. [from after and The flexibleness of the former part of a man's inquiry.) Inquiry made after the fact

age, not yet grown up to be headstrong, makes committed, or after life.

it more governable and safe; and, in the afterYou must either be directed by some that part, reason and foresight begin a little to take take upon them to know, or take upon your

place, and mind a man of his safety and imself that, which, I am sure, you do not know, provement.

Locke. or lump the after-enquiry on your peril. AFTERPROOF. n.s. (from after and proof.]

Sbakspeare. 1. Evidence posterior to the thing in quesTO A'FTEREYE. V. a. [from after and tion.

sye.] To keep one in view; to follow 2. Qualities known by subsequent expein view. Not in use.

rience. Thou shouldst have made him

All know, that he likewise at first was much As little as a crow, or less, ere left

under the expectation of his afterproof; such a To aftersye him. Sbakspeare's Cymbeline. solar influence there is in the solar aspect. A'FTER GAME. n. s. [from after and

Wotton, game.] The scheme which may be A'FTERTASTE.n.s. (from after and taste.) laid, or the expedients which are prac. A taste remaining upon the tongue after tised, after the original design has mis the draught, which was not perceived carried ; methods taken after the first in the act of drinking. turn of affairs.

A'FTERTHOUGHT. n. s. [from after and This earl, like certain vegetables, did bud and thought.] Reflections after the act ; exopen slowly ; nature sometimes delighting to

pedients formed too late. It is not pro. play an aftergame, as well as fortune, which had both their turns and tides in course. Wotton.

perly to be used for second thought. The fables of the axe-handle and the wedge,

Expence, and aftertbought, and idle care,

And doubts of motley hue, and dark despair ; serve to precaution us not to put ourselves need

Suspicions, and fantastical surmise, lessly upon an aftergame, but to weigh beforehand what we say and do. L'Estrange's Fables.

And jealousy suffus'd with jaundice in her eyes,

Discolouring all she view'd, in tawny dressid, Our first design, my friend, has prov'd abor

Downlook'd and with a cuckow on her fist. tive; Still there remains an aftergame to play. Addison. A'FTERTIMES. n. s. [from after and time.]

Dryden's Fables. A'FTERHOURS. n. s. [from after, and bours.] The hours that succeed.

Succeeding times. See AFTER AGES. So smile the heav'ns upon this holy act,

You promis'd once a progeny divine That afterbours with sorrow chide us not. Sbaks.

Of Romans, rising from the Trojan line, A'FTER-LIVER. n.

In aftertimes should hold the world in awe, s. (from after and

And to the land and ocean give the law. Dryden. live.] He that lives in succeeding times. A'FTERTOSSING. n. s. [from after and

By thee my promise sent
Unto myself, let after-livers know. Sidney:

toss.] The motion of the sea after a AFTER LOVE. n. s. [from after and love.]


Confusions and tumults are only the impotent The second or later love.

remains of an unnatural rebellion, and are no Intended, or committed, was this fault?

more than the aftertossings of a sea when the If but the first, how heinous e'er it be,

storm is laid.

Addison's Freebelder. To win thy after-lons, I pardon thee. Sbaksp. A'FTERWARD. adv. [from after and A'FTERMATH. n. s. [from after and maib,

peand, Sax.] In succeeding time : from mow.) The latter math ;' the

sometimes written afterwards, but less second crop of grass, mown in autumn.

properly. See AFTERCROP.

Uses not thought upon before, may afterward A'FTERNOON. n. s. (from after and noon.] spring up, and be reasonable causes of retaining

The time from the meridian to the that, which former considerations did formerly evening.

Hooker. procure to be instituted.

An anxious distrust of the divine goodness, A beauty-waining and distressed widow,

makes a

a man more and more unworthy of it; Ev'n in the afternoon of her best days,

and miserable beforehand, for fear of being so Made prize and purchase of his wanton eye.


L'Estrange, Sbakspeare's Richard 113. AFTERWIT. n. s. [from after and wit.] However, keep the lively taste you hold Of God; and love him now, but fear him more;

The contrivance of expedients after the And, in your afternoons, think what you told occasion of using them is past. See And promis'd him at morning-prayer before. ATFERTHOUGHT.

Denne. There is no recalling what's gone and past ; s Such, all the morning, to the pleadings run ; that afterwit comes too late, when the mischief But, when the bus'ness of the day is done, is done.




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A'FTERWRATH. n. s. [from after and spring and seminary, of brave military people, as wratb] Anger when the provocation

in England, Scotland, and Ireland. Bacon. seems past.

9. Twice as much; marking the same I hear him mock

quantity once repeated. The luck of Cæsar, which the gods give men

There are whom heav'n has blest with store T excuse their afterwratb. Sbakspeare.

of wit, AGA.n. s. The title of a Turkish military

Yet want as much again to manage it; officer.

For wit and judgment ever are at strife,

Tho' meant each other's aid, like man and wife. AGA'In. adv. [agen, Sax.]

Popei 1. A second time ; once more; marking I should not be sorry to see a chorus on a the repetition of the same thing.

theatre more than as large and as deep again The poor remnant of human seed, which re as ours, built and adorned at a king's charges. mained in their mountains, peopled their coun

Dryden. try again slowly, by little and little. Bacon. 10. Again and again ; with frequent re

Should Nature's self invade the world again, petition ; often. And o'er the centre spread the liquid main, This is not to be obtained by one or two hasty, Thy pow'r were safe.

Waller. readings: it must be repeated again and again, Go now, deluded man, and seek again

with a close attention to the tenour of the disNew toils, new dangers, on the dusty plain.

Locke. Dryden's Æneid. Some are already retired into foreign coun

11. In opposition ; by way of resisttries; and the rest who possess lands, are determined never to hazard them again, for the sake

Who art thou that answerest again ? Romans. of establishing their superstition. Swift.

12. Back; as returning from some mes. 2. On the other hand; marking some op

sage. position or contrariety:

Bring us word again which way we shall go.

Deuteronomy. His wit increased upon the occasion ; and so much the more, if the occasion were sharpened AGA'INST.prep. (ængeon, ongeond, Sax.] with danger. Again, whether it were the short 1. In opposition to any person. ness of his foresight, or the strength of his will,

And he will be a wild man; his hand will be certain it is, that the perpetual trouble of his against every man, and every man's hand against fortunes could not have been without defects in him.

Genesis. his nature.

Bacon. 2. Contrary; opposite, in general. Those things that we know not what to do That authority of men should prevail with withal, if we had them; and those things, again, men either against or above reason, is no part of which another cannot part with, but to his own

our belief.

Hooker. loss and shame.

L'Estrange's Fables. He is melancholy without cause, and merry g. On another part ; marking a transition against the hair.

Shakspeare. to some new consideration,

We might work any effect without and against Behold yon mountain's hoary height,

matter; and this not holpen by, the co-operaMade higher with new mounts of snow;

tion of angels or spirits, but only by the unity Again, behold the winter's weight

and harmony of nature. Bacon's Natural History. Oppress the lab'ring woods below. Dryden.

The preventing goodness of God does even

wrest him from himself, and save him, as it were, 4. In return; noting reaction, or recipro

Soutb. cal action; as, his fortune worked upon

against his will.

The god, uneasy till he slept again, his nature, and his nature again upon Resolv'd at once to rid himself of pain ; his fortune.

And, tho' against his custom, call'd aloud. 5. Back; in restitution.

Dryden. When your head did but ake, Men often say a thing is against their conI knit my hadkerchief about your brows;

science, when really it is not. Swift's Miscel. The best I had, a princess wrought it me, 3. In contradiction to any opinion.

And I did never ask it you again. Shaksp. After all that can be said against a thing, this 6. In return for any thing; in recompence.

will still be true, that many things possibly are, That he hath given will he pay again.

which we know not of; and that many more

Proverbs. things may be than are ; and if so, after all our 7. In order of rank or succession ; mark

arguments against a thing, it will be uncertain whether it be or not.

Tillotson. ing distribution. Question was asked of Demosthenes. What

The church-clergy have written the best col.

lection of tracts against popery that ever appearwas the chief part of an orator? He answered,

ed in England.

Swift. Action. What next? Action, What next again? Action.

Bacon's Essays. 4. With contrary motion or tendency: The cause of the holding green, is the close

used of material action. and compact substance of their leaves, and the

Boils and plagues pedicles of them; and the cause of that again is Plaister you o'er, that one infect another either the tough and viscous juice of the plant, Against the wind a mile. Sbakspeare's Coriolanus.

or the strength and heat thereof. Bacon, The kite being a bird of prey, and therefore 3. Besides; in any other time or place. hot, delighteth in the fresh air; and many times They have the Walloons, who are tall soldiers;

flieth against the wind, as trouts and salmons get that is but a spot of ground. But, on the swim against the stream.

Bacon . other side, there is not in the world again such a s. Contrary to rule or law.

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If aught against my life. in medicine: the male grows on oaks,
Thy country sought of thee, it sought unjustly, the female on larches.
Against the law of nature, law of nations.

There are two excrescences which.grow upon

trees, both of them in the nature of mushrooms: Against the public sanctions of the peace,

the one the Romans call boletus, which groweth Against all omens of their ill success,

upon the roots of oaks, and was one of the With fates averse, the rout in arms resort, dainties of their table; the other is medicinal, To force their monarch, and insult the court.

that is called agarick, which groweth upon the Dryden.

tops of oaks, though it be affirmed by some, 6. Opposite to, in place.

that it groweth also at the roots.

Bacon. Against the Tiber's mouth, but far away. AGA'St. adj. [This word, which is usually,


by later authors, written aghast, is not 7. To the hurt of another. See sense 3. And, when thou think'st of her eternity,

improbably the true word, derived from Think not that death against her nature is; agaze, which has been written aghase Think it a birth and when thou go'st to die, from a mistaken etymology.

See Sing like a swan, as if thou went'st to bliss. AGHAST.) Struck with terrour;

Sir J. Davies,

amazed; frighted to astonishment. 8. In provision for; in expectation of.

Thus roving on This mode of speaking probably had its In confus'd march forlorn, th' advent'rous bands original from the idea of making pro

With shudd'ring horrour pale, and eyes agast, vision against, or in opposition to, a

View'd first their lamentable lot, and found
No rest.

Milton's Paradise Last. time of misfortune, but by degrees ac

A'GATE. n. s. (agate, Fr. achates, Lat.] quired a neutral sense. It sometimes has the case elliptically suppressed; as,

A precious stone of the lowest class,

often clouded with beautiful variega. against he comes, that is, against the

tions. time when he comes.

In shape no bigger than an agate stone, Thence she them brought into a stately hall, On the forefinger of an alderman. Sbakspeare. Wherein were many tables fair dispread,

Agates are only varieties of the flint kind; And ready dight with drapets festival,

they have a grey horny ground, clouded, Against the viands should be ministred. Feiry Q.

lineated, or spotted with different colours, The like charge was given them against the

chiefly dusky, black, brown, red, and sometimes time they should come to settle themselves in


Woodw. the land promised unto their fathers. Hooker. Some say, that ever 'gainst that season comes,

A'GATY. adj. (from agate.] Partaking of Wherein our Saviour's birth is celebrated,

the nature of agate. The bird of dawning singeth all night long ;

An agaty flint was above two inches in diameAnd then they say no spirit walks abroad;

ter; the whole covered over with a friable The nights are wholesome, then no planets To Aga'zE. v. a. [from a and gaze, to

cretaceous crust.

No fairy takes, no witch hath power to charm; set a gazing ; as, amaze, amuse, and
So hallow'd and so gracious is the time. Shaksp; others.] To strike with amazement;

To that purpose, he made haste to Bristol that all things might be ready against the prince

to stupify with sudden terrour. The Clarendon.

verb is now out of use. Against the promis'd time provides with care,

So as they travelld so they 'gan espy
And hastens in the woof the robes he was to

An armed knight toward them gallop fast,

That seemed from some feared foe to fly,
All which I grant to be reasonably and truly

Or other grisly thing that him agast. Fairy Queen. said, and only desire they may be remembered AGA'ZEV. participial adj. (from agaze ; against another day.

Stillingflect. which see.] Struck with amazement ; A'GALAXY. n. s. [from & and youre.] Want terrified to stupidity. of milk.

Dict. Hundreds he sent to hell, and none durst AGA'PE. adv. (from a and gape.] Staring

stand him; with eagerness, as a bird gapes for

Here, there, and every where, enrag'd he few:

The French exclaim'd, “ 'The devil was in
In himself was all his state;

All the whole army stood agazed on him. Sbak.
More solemn than the tedious pomp that waits AGE. n. s. [age, Fr. anciently, eage or
On princes, when their rich retinue long
Of horses led, and grooms besmear'd with gold,

aage: it is deduced by Menage from Dazzles the crowd, and sets them all agape.

tarium, of ætas ; by Junius, from aa, Paradise Lost.

which, in the Teutonic dialects, signiDazzle the crowd, and set them all agape

fied long duration.] Pbilips.

1. Any period of time attributed to some. The whole crowd scood agape, and ready to thing, as the whole, or part, of its take the doctor at his word. Spectator. duration : in this sense we say, the age AGARICK, n. s. (agaricum, Lat.) A drug of use in physick, and the dying trade.

of man, the several ages of the world,

the golden or iron age. It is divided into male and female : the

One man in his time plays many parts, male is used only in dying, the female His life being seven ages.


came thither.


arms !"

And Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seven If the comparison do stand between man and teen years; so the whole age of Jacob was an man, the aged, for the most part, are best expehundred forty and seven years.

Genesis. rienced, least subject to rash and unadvised pas2. A succession or generation of men. sions.

Hooker. Hence, lastly, springs care of posterities, Novelty is only in request; and it is as dan. For things their kind would everlasting make : gerous to be aged in any kind of course, as it is Hence is it, that old men do plant young

virtuous to be constant in any undertaking. trees,

Shakspeare. The fruit whereof another age shall take.

Kindness itself too weak a charm will prove Sir 7. Davies. To raise the feeble fires of aged love. Prior. Next to the Son,

2. Old: applied to inanimate things. This Destin'd Restorer of Mankind, by whom

use is rare, and commonly with some New heav'n, and earth, shall to the ages rise,

tendency to the prosopopeia. Or down from heav'n descend Paradise Lost.

The people did not more worship the images No declining age

of gold and ivory, than they did the groves ; E'ez felt the raptures of poetic rage. Roscommon.

and the same Quintilian saith of the aged oaks. 3. The time in which any particular man,

Stilling fleet. or race of men, lived or shall live; as, A'GEDLY. adv. (from aged.] After the the age of heroes.

manner of an aged person. No longer now the golden age appears, AGE'N, adv. [agen, Sax. This word is When patriarch wits surviv'd a thousand years.


now only written in this manner, though 4. The space of a hundred years ; a se

it be in reality the true orthography, cular period ; a century.

for the sake of rbime.) Again ; in re5. The latter part of life ; old age ; old

turn. See AGAIN.

Thus Venus : Thus her son reply'd agen; ness.

None of your sisters have we heard or seen. You see how full of change his age is : the

Dryden. observation we have made of it hath not been little; he always loved our sister most, and with A'GENCY.n. s. [from agent.) what poor judgment he hath now cast her off! 1. The quality of acting; the state of Sbakspeare's King Lear.

being in action; action. Boys must not have th' ambitious care of men, A few advances there are in the following paNor men the weak anxieties of age. Roscommon.

pers, tending to assert the superintendence and And on this forehead, where your verse has

agency of Providence in the natural world. said

Woodward. The loves delighted, and the graces play'd, Insulting age will trace his cruel way,

2. The office of an agent or factor for And leave sad marks of his destructive sway.

another ; business performed by an

Prior. agent. 6. Maturity; ripeness; years of discre

Some of the purchasers themselves may be tion; full strength of life.

content to live cheap in a worse country, rather

than be at the charge of exchange and agencies. A solemn admission of proselytes, all that either, being of age, desire that admission for

Swift. themselves, or that, in infancy, are by others A'GENT. adj. [agens, Lat.] That which presented to that charity of the church. acts: opposed to patient, or that which


is acted upon: We thought our sires, not with their own This success is oft truly ascribed unto the content,

force of imagination upon the body agent; and Had, ere we came to age, our portion spent. then, by a secondary means it may upon a di

Dryden. verse body : as, for example, if a man carry a 7. In law.

ring, or some part of a beast, believing strongly In a man, the age of fourteen years is the age that it will help him to obtain his love, it may of discretion; and twenty-one years is the full make him more industrious, and again more con. age. In a woman, at seven years of age, the fident and persisting, than otherwise he would lord her father may distrain his tenants for aid to


Bacon's Nat. Hist. marry her; at the age of nine years she is dow AGENT, n. s, able; at twelve years, she is able finally to ratify

1. An actor; he that acts; he that pos. and confirm her former consent given to matrimony; at fourteen, she is enabled to receive sesses the faculty of action. her land into her own hands, and shall be out

Where there is no doubt, deliberation is not of ward at the death of her ancestor : at sixteen

excluded as impertinent unto the thing, but as she shall be out of ward, though at the death of needless in regard of the agent, which seeth al

Hooker. her ancestor she was within the age of fourteen

ready what to resolve upon. years; at twenty-one, she is able to alienate her To whom nor agent, from the instrument, lands and tenements. At the age of fourteen, Nor pow'r of working, from the work is known.

Davies. a stripling is enabled to choose his own guardian ; at the age of fourteen, a man may consent to

Heav'a made us agents free to good or ill, marriage.


And forc'd it not, tho' he foresaw the will.

Freedom was first bestow'd on human race, A'GED. adj. (from age. It makes two syllables in poetry.]

And prescience only held the second place. Dryd.

A miracle is a work exceeding the power of I. Old; stricken in years : applied gene any created agent, consequently being an effect rally to animate beings.

of the divine omnipotence. Seurd'. Sermers


in use.

2. A substitute ; a deputy ; a factor ; a AGGIU'TINATIVE. adj. [from aggluti

person employed to transact the busi nate.) That has the power of procuring ness of another.

agglutination. -All hearts in love, use your own tongues ; Rowl up the member with the agglutinative Let every eye negotiate for itself,


Wiseman. And trust no agent.

Sbakspeare. To AGGRANDI'ZE. v. a. (aggrandiser, They had not the wit to send to them, in any Fr.) To make great ; to enlarge ; to orderly fashion, agents or chosen men, to tempt them, and to treat with them.


exalt; to improve in power, honour, or Remember, sir, your fury of a wife,

rank. It is applied to persons geneWho, not content to be reveng'd on you,

rally, sometimes to things. The agents of your passion will pursue. Dryd. If the king should use it no better than the 3. That which has the power of operat pope did, only to aggrandise covetous churching, or producing effects upon another

men, it cannot be called a jewel in his crown.

Ayliffe. thing.

These furnish us with glorious springs and They produced wonderful effects, by the proper application of agents to patients. Temple.

mediums, to raise and aggrandize our conceptions,

to warm our souls, to awaken the better passions, AGGELA'TION. n. s. [lat. gelu.] Con and to elevate them even to a divine pitch, and cretion of ice.

that for devotional purposes.

Watts. It is round in hail, and figured in its gut- A'GGRANDISEMENT, n. s. [agrandissetulous descent from the air, growing greater or ment, Fr.] The state of being aggranlesser according to the accretion or pluvious aggelation about the fundamental atoms thereof.

dized; the act of aggrandizing.

Brown. A'GGRANDIZER. n. s. [from aggrandize.] AGGENERA'Tion. n. s. [from ad and The person that aggrandizes or makes generatio, Lat.] The state of growing

great another. or uniting to another body.

To AGGRA’TE. v. a. [aggratare, Ital.] To make a perfect nutrition, there is required To please ; to treat with civilities. Not a transmutation of nutriment; now where this conversion or aggeneration is made, there is also And in the midst thereof, upon the floor, required, in the aliment, a similarity of matter. A lovely bevy of fair ladies sate,

Brown's Vulgar Errours. Courted of many a jolly paramour ; To A'GGERATE. v. a. [from agger, Lat.] The which them did in modest wise amate, To heap up.


And each one sought his lady to aggrate. AGGERO'se. adj. [from agger, Lat.] Full

Fairy Q. of heaps.


TO A'GGRAVATE. v.a. [aggravo, Lat.) TO AGGLO'MERATE. v.a. [agglomero, 1. To make heavy: used only in a metaLat.)

phorical sense ; as, to aggravate an ac1. To gather up in a ball, as thread.

cusation, or a punishment. 2. To gather together.

A grove hard by sprung up with this their

change, TO AGGLO'MERATE. V. n.

His will who reigns above! to aggravate Besides the hard agglomerating salts,

laden with fruit like that The spoil of ages, would impervious choke Which grew in Paradise, the bait of Eve, Their secret channels. Thomson's Autumn. Us'd by the tempter..

Milton's Paradise Lost. AGGLU'TINANTS. n. s. [from aggluti Ambitious Turnus in the press appears,

nate.] Those medicines or applications And aggravating crimes augments their fears. which have the power of uniting parts

Dryden. together.

2. To make any thing worse, by the adTO AGGLUTINATE. v. n. [from ad

dition of some particular circumstance, and gluten, glue, Lat.) To unite one

not essential. part to another; to join together, so as

This offence, in itself so heinous, was yet in not to fall asunder. It is a word almost him aggravated by the motive thereof, which

was not malice or discontent, but an aspiring appropriated to medicine.

mind to the papacy.

Bacon's Henry vıı. The body has got room enough to grow into AGGRAVA'Tiov. n. s. [from aggravate.] its full dimensions, which is performed by the daily ingestion of food that is digested into blood;

1. The act of aggravating, or making which being diffused through the body, is ago

heavy. glutinated to those parts that were immediately 2. The act of enlarging to enormity. agglutinated to the foundation parts of the womb. A painter added a pair of whiskers to the face,

Harvey on Consumptions. and by a little aggravation of the features changed AGGLUTINA'TION, n. s. [from aggluti

it into the Saracen's head,

Addison, nate.] Union ; cohesion; the act of 3. The extrinsical circumstances or acci. agglutinating; the state of being agglu dents, which increase the guilt of a tinated.

crime, or the misery of a calamity. The occasion of its not healing by agglutina He, to the sins which he commits, hath the tion, as the other did, was from the alteration aggravation superadded of committing them the ichor had begun to make in the bottom of against knowledge, against conscience, against the wound. Wiseman's Surgery, sight of the contrary law,


Their penance,


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