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8. Compact ; agreement; terms on which
composition between men, judging it convenient
For composition with the unconquer'd fish. Weller,
5. To constitute by being parts of a COMPO'stTE. adj[compositus, Latin.)
The composite order in architecture is the last
of the five orders of columns; so named, because Th' infection, when their borrow'd gold composed
its capital is composed out of those of the other The calf in Oreb. Milton's Paradise Lost.
orders: and it is also called the Roman and Itse A few useful things confounded with many
Harris. trifles, fill their memories, and compose their ini.
Some are of opinion, that the composite pillars tellectual possessions,
of this arch were in imitation of the pilars of 6. To calm ; to quiet.
Addison He would undertake the journey with him, by COMPOSITION. 1. s. [compositio, Latin.] which all his fears would be composed. Clarend. 1. The act of forming an integral of vari, You, that had taught them to subdue their foes,
ous dissimilar parts. Coi order, teach, and their high sp'rits compose.
We have exact forms of composition, whereby
they incorporate almost as they were natural
simples. Compose thy mind;
Bacon's New Atalantir.
In the time of the Yncas reign of Perv, no
composition was allowed by the laws to be used He, having a full command over the water,
in point of medicine, but only simples proper to
each disease. had power to still and compose it, as well as to
. move and disturb it.
Woodrand, 2. The act of bringing simple ideas into Yet, to compose this midnight noise,
complication : opposed to analysis
, or Go, freely search where'er you please. Prior. the separation of complex notions. 7. To adjust the mind to any business, by The investigation of difficult things by the freeing it from disturbance.
method of analysis, ought ever to precede the The mind, being thus disquieted, may not be
method of composition.
Newton's Opticka able easily to compose and settle itself to prayer. 3: A mass formed by mingling diferent
Duppa's Rules for Devotion. ingredients. We beseech thee to compose our thoughts, and Heat and vivacity, in age, is an excellent corpo preserve her reason, during her sickness. Swift. position for business.
Dace's Essays 3. To adjust ; to settle : as, to compose Vast pillars of stone, cased over with a compo a difference.
sition that looks the most like marble of any 9: [With printers.] To arrange the let
thing one can imagine.
Jove mix'd up all, and his best clay employd, ters; to put the letters in order in the
Then call'd the happy composition Floyd. Stijl
. composing stick
4. The state of being compounded; union; 10. [In musick.] To form a tune from the different musical notes.
Contemplate things first in their own simple COMPOSED, participial adj. [from come natures, and afterwards view them in composition pose.] Calm ; 'serious; even; sedate.
with other things.
'Wath. In Spain there is something still more serious 5. The arrangement of various figures in and composed in the manner of the inhabitants. a picture
Addi:on or Italy. 'The Mantuan there in sober triumph sate,
The disposition in a picture is an assembling
of many parts; it is also called the composition, by Campos'd his posture, and his look sedáte. Pope.
which is meant the distribution and orderly COMPOʻSEDLY. adv. [from composed.]
placing of things, both in general and in parti-
6. Written work. composedly without a hat. One crying, here is
Writers are divided concerning the authority the fellow that killed the duke; every body
of the greater part of those compositions that
L'Estranx askal, which is he? The man without the hat
pass in his name: very composedly answered, I am he. Clarendon,
That divine prayer has always been looked COMPO'S EDNESS. n. s. [from composed.]
upou as a composition fit to have proceeded from
the wisest of men. Sedateness ; calmness ; tranquillity:
When I read rules of criticism, I enquire after He that will think to any purpose, must have fixedness and composeness of humour, as well as
the works of the author, and by that means dissmartness of parts.
cover what he likes in a composition. Addirme.
Norris, COMPU'SER. n. S. [from compose.]'
7. Adjustment; régulation.
A preacher, in the invention of matter, elet 1. An author; a writer.
tion of words, composition of gesture, look, pro Now will be the right season of forming them
nunciation, motion, useth all these faculties at to be able writers and composers in every excellent matter.
Milton, 'If tlie thoughts of such anthors have nothing differences are settled. in them, they at least do no harm, and shew kn honest industry, and a good intention in the
To take away all such mutual grievances, iro composer. Addison's Freebolder,
juries, and wrongs, there was no way but only 2. He that adapts the musick to words;
by going upon composition and agreement amongst
themselves. And again, all publick regimeli, he that forms a tune.
of what kind soever,
seemeth evidently to have For the truth of the theory I am in no wise
arisen from deliberate advice, consultation, and concerned ; che composer of it must look to that.
Woodward. and behoveful. For composition, I prefer next Ludovico, a
Thus we are agreed; most judicions and sweet composer. Peacban, The composer basso expressed my sense, where
I crave our com:position may be written,
And seal'd between us. I intended.co move the passions, that he seems 'so have been the poet as well as the composer,
Ben Jonson's Diseer.
9. The act of discharging a debt by pay. of these corpuscles together, happen all the vart-
eties of the bodies formed out of them.
3. The form arising from the disposition
of the various parts.
Liv'd a fair but manly grace.
4: Frame; make ; temperament.
To reel the streets at noon, and stand the buffet
With slaves that smell of sweat; say this becomes minish, or change its signification.
him : 32. A certain method of demonstration in
As his composure must be rare indeed, mathematicks, which is the reverse of Whom these things cannot blemish. Sbakspeare. the analytical method, or of resolution. The duke of Buckingham sprung, without
any help, by a kind of congenial composurs, to It proceeds upon principles in them
the likeness of our late sovereign and master. selves self-evident ; on definitions, pos
Discourses on such occasions are seldom the
productions of leisure, and should be read with COMPOSITIVE. adj. [from compose.]. those favourable' allowances that are made to Compounded; or, having the power of hasty composures.
Dict. In the composures of men, remember you are a
man as well as they; and it is not their reason,
but your own, that is given to guide you. that ranges and adjusts the types in
Watts on the Mind. printing : distinguished from the press
7: Sedateness ; calmness ; trarquillity.
As one who loves, and sume unkinsiness meets,
The calmest and screnest hours of life, when
the passions of nature are all silent, and the
mind enjoys its most perfect composure. Watts.
8. Agreement; composition; settlement
of an happy compasure.
That all may see, who hate us, how we seek
Millon's Paradise Lost.
Things were not brought to an extremity:
there seems yet to be room left for a composure;
Dryden. COMPOTA'rios, 11. s. (campotutio, Lat.)
The act of drinking or tippling toge- .
Secrecy to words spoke under the rose, only
mean, in compatation, from the ancient custom To COMPO'ST. 7. a. [from the noun.] in symposiack meetings, to wear chaplets of To manure;' to enrich with soil.
Brozor's Vulgar Errours.
If thou wilt prolong
Aud vain debates: then twenty tongues at once
Bacon. But din, and various clamour, and madrant.
TO COMPO’UND. v. 0. [compon., Lat.)
1. To mingle many ingredients together
From gen’ral excrements. Sbakspeure's Timon. 2. To form by uniting various parts. COMPO'SURE. N. s. [from compose.]
Whosoever compoundeth any like it, shall be 1. The act of composing or inditing.
Exodus, Their own forms are not like to be so sound, It will be difficult to evince, that nature does or comprehensive of the nature of the duty, as not make decompounded bodies; I mean, min. forms of publick composure.
K. Charles gle together such bodies as are already compounded 2. Arrangement; combination; mixture; of elementary, or rather of simple ones. Boyle. order.
The ideas, being cach but one single percep-
tion, are easier got than the more complex ones; and agreement, such a composure of letters, such
and therefore are not liable to the uncertainty a word, is intended to signify such a certain
which attends those compounded ones.
Holder's Elements of Speech. 3. To mingle in different positions; to
: We cannor have a single image that did not up one whole one ; each of which has enter through the sight; but we have the power of altering and compounding those images into all
its style and stamina, and adhering the varieties of picture. Addison's Spectator.
seed, and are all contained within one 4. [In grammar.) To form one word
and the same calyx : such are the surfrom two or more words..
flower, and dandelion.
Harris. Where it and Tigris embrace each other un
CO'MPOUND. N. s. (from the verb.) The der the city of Aramia, there do they agree of mass formed by the union of many in
joint and compounded name, and are called gredients. Bisa-Tigris. Raleigh's History of the World. For present use or profit, this is the rule: 003 3. To compose by being united.
sider the price of the two simple bodies; coasWho 'd be so mock'd with glory, as to live der again the dignity of the one above the other , But in a dream of friendship?
in use ; then see if you can make a compound, To have his pomp, and all what state compounds, that will save more in price than it will Inse in But only painted like his varnish a friends! dignity of the use. Bacon's Pbysical Rs.
Sbaispeare's Timon. As man is a compound and mixture of flesh 23 6 To adjust a difference by some reces.
well as spirit.
Sostb's Sorbos. sion from the rigour of claims.
Love why do we one passion call, I would to God all strifes were well donese
When 't is a compound of them all; founded!
Where hot and cold, where sharp and sweet, If there be any discord or suits between any
In all their equipages meet? of the family, they are cor:bounded and appeased. COMPO’UNDABLE. adj. [from compound.)
Bacon'; New Atalantis. Capable of being compounded. 9 To discharge a debt by paying only COMPO’UX DER. n. s. (from To compound.] part.
1. One who endeavours to bring parties Shall I, ye gods! he cries, my debts compound? to terms of agreement.
Gay. Those softners, sweetners, compeurders, and TO COMPOUND, v. 11.
expedient-mongers, who shake their heads 1. To come to terms of agreement, by strongly.
abating something of the fist demand, 2. A mingler; one who mixes bodies. It has for before the thing accepted or To COMPREHEND. v.a. (comprebenden remitted.
Latin.] They were, at last, glad to compound for his 1. To comprise ; to include; to contain; bare commiimcnt to the Tower. Clarendon,
to imply. Pray but for half the virtues of this wifc; Conspound for all the rest, with longer life. Dry.
If there be any other commandment, it is zi To bargain in the lump.
briefy comprehended in this saying, namely,
Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. Ra. Here's a fellow will help you to-morrow; li would be ridiculous to grow old in the rampound with him by the year. Sbakspeare.
study of every necessary thing, in an art which 3. To come to terms, by granting some
comprebonds so many several parts.
Dryers thing on each side.
2. To contain in the mind; to under. Cornwal compounded to furnish ten oxeri after
stand ; to conceive. Michaela's for thirty pounds.
Rome was not better by her Horace troete, Once more I come to know of thee; king
Than we are here, to comprebend his thought. Harry, If for hy ranson thou wilt now compound,
'T is unjust, that they who have not the least Before thy most assuredoverthrow? Sbakspeari.
notion of heroic writing, should therefore cufMade all the royal stars recant,
Hudibrar. Compound, and take the covenant.
demn the pleasure which others receive from it,
because they cannot comprebend it. Dryades But useless all, when he despairing found Cucullus then did with the winds compound.
Dryden's Juvenai. French; comprebensibilis, Latin.) Paracelsus and his admirers have compounded 1. Intelligible ; attainable by the mind; with the Galenists, and brought a mixed use of
conceivable by the understanding, chymical medicines into the present practice.
The horizon sets the bounds between the ele 4. To determine. This is not in use.
lightened and dark parts of things, between what is and what is not comprebensible by qis
. W'e here deliver, Subscribed by the consuls and patricians,
2. Possible to be comprised. Together with the seal o' the senate, what We have compounded on. Shakspeare's Coriol.
Lest this part of knowledge should seem to CO'MFOI ND. adj. [from the verb.]
any not comprebensible by axiom, we will ser
down some heads of it. 1. Formed out of many ingredients; not COMPREHE'NSIBLY.adv. (from compra simple.
hensible.) With great power of sigratiThe ancient electrum had in it a sfth of silver to the gold; and made a compound metal, as
cation or understanding; significantly ; fit for most uses as gold.
with great extent of sense. Tillots Compound substances are made up of two or seems to have used comprehensibly for • Diore sinple substances.
comprehensively. 2. (In grammar.] Composed of two or The words wisdom and righteousness are com · more words; not simple.
monly used very comprebersibly, so as to simit Those who are his greatest admirers, seem
all religion and virtue, pleased with them as beauties; I speak of his COMPREHE'NSION. n. s. (comprebuia scompound epichets.
Pop. Latin.] 3. COMPOUND or aggregsied Flower, in 1. The act or quality of comprising or
botany, is such as consists of many lit. containing; inclusion. tie howers, concurring together to make In the Old Testament there is a close casar
bension of the New, in the New an open dis sible; the quality of admitting to be covery of the Old.
brought by force into a narrower comThe comprebension of an idea, regards all essential modes and properties of it; so body, in
pass: as air may be compressed, but its comprebensioni, cakes in solidity, figure, quan
water can by no violence be reduced to tity, mobility.
Watts' Lorick. less space than it naturally occupies. 2. Summary epitome ; compendium; COMPRESSIBLE. adj. [from compress.]
abstract ; abridgment in which much Capable of being forced into a narrower is comprised.
compass; yielding to pressure, so as that If we would draw a short abstract of human one part is brought nearer to another. happiness, bring together all the various ingre There being spiral particles, accounts for the dients of it, and digest them into one prescrip elasticity of air; there being spherical particles, tion, we must at last fix on this wise and religi which gives free passage to any heterogeneous ous aphorism in my fext, as the sum and come matter, accounts for air's being compressible. prebension of all.
Cheyne's Pbilosopbical Principles. 3. Knowledge; capacity; power of the COMPRESSIBLENESS. n. š. (from com
mind to admit and contain many ideas pressible.) Capability of being pressed at once.
Dict. You give no proof of decay of your judgment, COMERE'SSION. n. s. (compressio, Latin.) and comprehension of all things within the com
• The act of bringing the parts of any pass of an human understanding. Dryden. 4. [In rhetorick.) A trope or figure, by
body more near to each other by viowhich the name of a whole is put
lence; the quality of adınitting such for a part, or that of a part for the
an effort of force as may compel the whole, or a definite number for an in
body compressed into a narrower space.
Whensoever a solid body is pressed, there is an definite.
inward tumult in the parts, seeking to deliver COMPREHE'NSIVE. adj. (from compre themselves from the compression; and this is the bend. ]
cause of all violent motion.
Bacon. 1. Having the power to comprehend or The powder in shot, being dilated into such a understand many things at once.
fiame as endureth not compression, moveth in He must have been a man of e most wonder
* Yound, the flame being in the nature of a liquid - body, sometimes recoiling:
Bacon . 'ful comprebensive nature : because he has taken into the compass of his Canterbury Tales the
'Tears are the effects of the compression of the various manners and h: mours of the whole
moisture of the brain, upon dilatation of the Engiish nation in his age; not a single character
Bacon's Natural History. has escaped him. Dryden's Fables, Preface,
Merry Michael, the Cornish poet, piped this His hand unscainid, his uncorrupted heart;
upon his oaten pipe for merry England, but His comprehensivehead: all interests weigh'd;
with a mocking compression for Normandy.
Camden's Remains. All Europe sav?d; yet Britain not betray'd.
He that shall find out an hypothesis, by which 2. Having the quality of comprising
water may be so fare, and yet not be capable of
compression by force, may doubtless, by the same much ; compendious; extensive.
hypothesis, make gold and water, and all other So diffusive, so comprebensive, so catholick a bodies; as much rarer as he pleases; so that light grace is charity, that whatever time is the op
may find a ready passage through transparent portunity of any other virtue, that time is the
Newton. opportunity of charity. *Spratt's Sermons.
COMPRESSURE. n. s. [from compress.] COMPREHENSIVELY: adv. [from coma
The act or force of one body pressing prehensive.] In 2 comprehensive manner. COMPREHENSIVENESS. n.'s. [from com
We cried whether heat would, notwithstandprebensive.] The quality of including ing so forcible a compressure, dilase it. Boyle. much in a few words or narrow com- To COMPU'NT. 1. n. (comprimere, Lal} pass.
To print together; it is commonly taken, in Compare the beauty and comprebensiucness of tate, for the deceitful printing of another's copy, legends on ancient coins.
Addison. or book, to the prejudice of the rightful proTO COMPRE'SS. v. ai [compressus, Lat.) To COMPRISE, W. a. comprendre, rom
prietor. In Phillips' Worli of Words, 1. To force into a narrower compass; to
pris, French.) To contain; to coin. squeeze together. 4. To embrace.
* -prehend ; to include.
Necessity of shortness causeth men to cut off Her Neptune ey'd, with bloom of beauty
impertinent discourses, and to comprise much blest,
matter in teu words.
Hoker. And in his cave the yielding nymph comprest, Do they not, under doctrine, comprchend the
same that we intend by matters of faith? Do not
thy, under discipline, comprise the regimen of compressed by a genius, who delighted to associate with the muscs.
Hocker. Pope. "Tis the polluted love that multiplies; COMPRESS. 11. s. (from the verb.] Bolo But friendship does iwo souls in one comprise. sters of linen, by which surgeons suit
Roscommon, their bandages for any particular part COMPROBATION. 11. s. [comprobo, Lat.)
Quincy: Proof; attestation. applied an intercipient about the ankle and That is only esteemed a legal testimony", upper part of the foot, and by compress and which receives comprobation from the mouths of Wiseman. at least two witnesses.
Brows COMPRESSIBILITY. 7. s. [from compreso COʻMPROMISE. 1. so [rompromissuni, sible.] The quality of being compreso.
bandage dressed it up.
1. A mutua! promise of two or more par.
Which is no other, ties at difference, to refer the ending of
But to recover from us by strong hand, their contioversies to the arbitrement or
And terms compulsatory, ibose foresaid lands
So by his father lost. Sbakspeare's Hanish equity of one or more arbitrators.Cowell. z. A compact or bargain, in which soine COMPUʻ1.SION. nos. [compuisio
, Latin.) concessions are made on each side.
1. The act of compelling to something; Wors have not wasted it: for warr'd he hath
force; violence of the agent: not;
If reasons were as plenty as blackberries 1 But basely yielded, upon compromise,
would give no mar a reason on compulies. Sled. That which his ancestors achiev'd with blows.
Thoughts, whither bave ye léd nde! wiz Sbakspeeri's Richard 11.
that sweet TO COMPROMISE. qu. a. (fronithe noun.)
Compulsion thus transported! Milton'. P 21.Lxt.
Such sweet compulsior doth in musick lie, 1. To compound; to adjust a compact
To lull the daughters of necessity. by mutual concesions ; as, they coin. 2. The state of being compelled; violence
promised the afinir at a middle rate. suffered. 2. In Shakspeare it means, unusually, to Compulsior is, in an agent capable of volities, accord; to agree.
when the beginning or continuation of any actica Laban and himself were compromis’d,
is contrary to the preference of his mind. Locke. That all the yearlings which were streak'd and When the fierce foe hung on our broken tem, pied
With what compulsion and faborious flight Should fall as Jacob's hire. Mer. of Venice. We sunk thus low ! Milton's Per. Leila COMPROMISSO'KIAL, a.lj. (from compro
This faculty is free from coinpulsion, and 93 miser] Relating to a compromise.
spontaneous, and free from decertnimation by the COMPROVI'NCIAL, 16. s. (from con and
Possibly there were others who assisted Hareid, provincial.] Belonging to the same partly out of fear and compulsion, province:
COMPU'lsive. adj. [from compulser, Fi. Ar the consecration of an archbishop, all his
compulsus, Lat.) Having tlie power to comprovincials ought to give their attendance.
compel ; forcible.
The Danube, vast and deep, COMPT. , s. [compte, French ; computus,
Supreme of rivers ! to the frightful brink, Latin.] Account ; computation ; rec. Urg'd by compulsive arms, soon as they reached, koning.
New terror chill'd their veins. Pbilties. Your servants ever
The clergy would be glad to recover their dives Have theirs, themselves, and what is theirs, in by a more short and compulsive method. Stijl. compt,
COMPU'LSIVELY.adu.[from compulsiva.) To make their audit at your highness' pleasure, Still to return your own. Sbakspeare's 1. Found COMPUʻLSIVENESS. 1. s. (from compil
By force ; by violence. TO COMPT. v. a [compier, French.) To
sive.] Force ; compulsion. compute; to number. We now use
COMPU'LSORILY.ads. [from compulsory. To COUNT, which see. CO'MPTIBLE. adj. [from compt.] Ac,
In a compulsory or forcible manner; by
force; by violence. countable ; responsible ; ready to give
To say that the better deserver hath sxch account ; subject ; submissive.
right to govern, as he may compulsorily bring Good beauties, let me sustain my scorn; I am under the less worthy, is idle. Bares Sery comptible even to the least sinister usage. COMPU'LSORY. adj. [compulsoire, Fr.)
Sbakspeare. T. COMPTROʻLL. 2. (This word
Having the power of necessitating or is written by some authors, who did not
He erreth in this : to think that actions, preattend to the etymology, for control; ceeding from fear, are properly compalary
and some of its derivatives are written tions; which, in truth, are not only voluntary, but 1. in the same manner.) To control; free actions ; neither compelled, nor so much 23 to overrule ; to oppose.
physically necessitated. Bramball against Hubdera COMPTRO'LLER. n. s. [from comptroll.]
Kindly it would be taken to comply with a Director; supervisor ; - superior in
patent, although not compulsory. tendant ; governour.
COMPU'NCTION. Th. s. [componction This night he makes a supper, and a great one,
Fr. from pungo, punctum, to priek, Lat.) To many lords and ladics:
1. The power of pricking ; stimulation ; I was spoke to, with sir Henry Guilford,
irritation. This night to be comptrallers. Sbakspeare. This is that acid and piercing spirit, whick,
The coinptrollers of vulgar opinions pretend with such activity and compunction, inradeth the to find out such a similitude in some kind of ba
brain and nostrils of those that receive it. burns.
Brocon's Pulgar Erde My fates permit me not from hence to fly; Nos he, the great comptroller of the skyDryde
2. The state of being pricked by the case COMPTRO’LLERSHIP.n's. from comptrol
science ; repentance ; contrition.
He acknowledged his disloyalty to the king, ler.) Superintendance. The gayle iar stapinery-causes is annexed to COM PU'NCTlous.adj. [from compunctiar.]
, the compi-oller:big. Carew's Sur. of Cornwal, COMPU’LSATIVELY. adr. (from compul
Repentant; sorrowful; tender.
Stop up th' access and passage to remorse, satorg.] With force; by constraint.
That no compunctions visitings of nature COMPU'LSATORY. adj. (trom compulsor, Shake my féll purpose.
Lat.) Having the force of compelling; COMPU'NCTIVE. adj. [from compunction tuactive.