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sion.) Inclined to compassion; inclined
Whar iş cuinpassica, when it is yoid of the
Weymouth, if he could compass it without en Through all the compass of the notes it mig fuging his army before it.
Clarendon. The dilpason closing full in man. Dryades I'he church of Rome createth titular patriarchs 8.[This is rarely used in the singular.] The of Constantinople and Alexandria ; 'so loth is
instrument with which circles are drawri. the pope to lose the remembrance of any title sbac he hath once compassed.
If they be ewo, they are two so
Brerewood. Invention is the first part, and absolutely ne
As scift twin compasses are two: Sessary to them both; yet no rule ever was, or
Thy soul, the fixt foot, inakes no show ever can be given, how to compass it.
To move ; but doth, if th' other do.
In his hand
He took the golden compasses, prepar'd evil, what ought and what ought not to be done, is a thing too large to be compassed, and too hard
In God's eternal store, to circoniscribe to be mastered, without brains and study, parts
This universe, and all created things. Milies. and contemplation.
To fix one foot of their compass wherever they
South. In ev'ry work regard the writer's end,
think fit, and extend the other to such terribis Since none can compass more than they intend.
lengths, without describing any circumference
at all, is to leave us and themselves in a very
Pope. uncertain state. 6. [In law.] To take measures prepa. 9. The instrument composed of a needle
. ratory to any thing : as, to compass the
and card, whereby mariners steer. deuth of the king.
The breath of religion fills the sails; profit is CO'MPASS. n. s. [from the verb.)
the compass by which factious men steer the b. Circle ; round.
Rude as their ships was navigation then, This day I breathed first; time is come round;
No useful compass or meridian known: And where I did begin, there shall I end : My life is runs its compass. Sbakspeare.
Coasting, they kept the land within their keny
And knew no north but when the pole-stu 2. Extent ; reach ; grasp.
shone. O Juliet, I already know thy grief;.
With equal force the tempest blows by tums It strains me past the compass of my wits. Shak, From ev'ry corner of the seaman's compáis
. Roerte That which is out of the compass of any
He that first discovered the use of the company man's power, is to that man impossible. South. did more for the supplying and increase of useful
How few there are may be justly bewailed; the commodities, than those who built workhouses compass of them extending but from the time of Hippocrates to that of MarcusAntoninus. Temp. 10. In old language there was a phrase, to
Animals in their generation are wiser than
come in compass, to be brought round. # few particulars, and lies in a very narrow compass.
A 'dison's Spectator
The compassosow should not have its teeth selle This author has tried the force and compass
as other saws have; but the edge of it should of our language with much success.
be made broad, and the back so thin that is Suift.
may easily follow the broad edge. Its office is 3. Space; room ; limits, either of time or
to cut a round; and therefore the edge must be space.
made broad, and the back chin, that the back No less than the compass of twelve books is may have a wide kerf to turn in. taken up in these.
Popes COMPASSION. n. s. [compassier, Fr. The English are good confederates in an en from con and patior, Latin.) Pity; terprize which may be dispatched in a short
commiseration; sorrow for the suffcicompass of time.
Addison. You have heard what hath been here done for
ings of others; painful sympathy. the poor by the five hospitals and the workhouse,
Ye had compassion of me in iny bonds. Het within the compass of one year, and towards the
Their angry hands end of a long expensive war. Atterbury.
My brothers hold, and vengeance these exet;
This pleads compassion, and repents the fast, 4. Enclosure ; circumference.
And their mount Palatine, Th' imperial palace, compass huge, and high
The good-natured man is apt to be mored
with compassion for those misfortunes or isfrau The structure. Milt. Par. Regained.
ties, which another would turn into ridicule. Old Rome from such a race deriv'd her birth; Which now on sev’n high hills triumphant reigns, T. COMPA'ssion.7. a. (from the noun.
Addison's Seater And in that compass all the world contains. Dryd. 5. A departure from the right line ; an To pity; to compassionate ; to commi. indirect advance : as, to fetch a compass
serate. A word scarcely used.
O heavens! can you hear a good round the camp.
And not relent, or not compassier him? Studio 4. Moderate space ; moderation ; due COMPASSIONATE. adj. [from compe limits.
Certain it is, that in two hundred years before (I speak within compass), no such commis
to pity; merciful; tender; melting; sion had been executed in either of these pro soft"; easily affected with sorrow by vinces.
Davies on Ireland. the misery of others. Nothing is likelier to keep a man within com There never was any heart truly great and pass, than the having constantly before his eyes berous, that was not also tender aldres prisest: the state of his affairs, in a regular course of account.
. To COMPA'SSIONATE, q, a. (from the 9. The power of the voice to express the noun.) To pity ; to commiserate: notes of musick.
Experience layeth princes cora estates before You would sound me from my lowest note to their eyes, and withal persuades them to the top of my compass.
passionate themselves. From harmony, from heavenly basmony, Compassicraies my pains, and pitiei me! This universal frame began :
Froin barmony to harmony
But first, the lawless tyrant, who denies
To know their God, or message to regard,
Must be compelld by signs and judgments dire.
All these blessings could but enable, not comseverely imposed, and she less compassionately reduced and excused. Clarendon, pel, us to be happy,
Clarendon. COMPATE'RNITY. nis. [con and pater.
Whole droves of minds are by the driving god nita's, Latin.) The relation of a godfa
Compellid to drink the deep Lethean food. Dryd.
2. To take by force or violence; to ravish ther to the person for whom he answers.
from"; to seize. This signification is Gossipred, or compaternity, by the canon law, is a spiritual affinity and a juror that was gossip
uncommon and harsh. to either of the parties might, in former times,
The subjects grief have been challenged as not indifferent, by our
Comes through commissions, which compel front law.
each Davies's State of Ireland. COMPATIBI'LITY.n.s. [from compatible.]
The sixth part of his substance, to be levied
. Henry vir. power of coexisting
3. To gather together, and unite in a with something else ; agreement with
company. A latinism, compellere groany thing.
gem. COMPATIBLE. adj. [corrupted, by an
He to the town return'd, unskilful compliance with pronuncia Attended by the chiefs who fought the field, tion, from competible, from competo, Lat. Now friendly mix’d, and in one troop compelad, to suit, to agree. Competible is found in
Dryd good writers, and ought always to be
4. To seize ; to overpower. used.]
Our men secure, nor guard nor centries held, 3. Suitable to ; fit for ; consistent with; COMP'ELLABLE.adj. (fron compel.] That
But easy sleep their weary limbs compell'd. Dryd. not incongruous to. The object of the will is such a good as is
may be forced. Perhaps it should be compatible to an intellectual nature. Hale. compellible. 2. Consistent; agreeable.
COMPELLA'T10N. 1. s. [from compello, Our
poets have joined together such qualities Latin.] The style of address; the as are by nature the most compatible ; valour word of salutation. with anger, meekness with piety, and prudence The style best fitted for all persons, on all oca with dissimulation.
Broome. casions, to use, is the compellation of Father, COMPATIBLENESS. n. s. [from compa
which our Saviour first taught. Dupda. tible.] Consistency; agreement with The peculiar compellation of the kings in any'thing.
France, is by sirs, which is nothing else but COMPATIBLY. adv. [from compatible.] COMPE'LLER. 1. s. [from compel.] He
that forces another.
Abridgment; summary ; epitome ; tria, Lat.] One of the same country.
contraction ; breviate.
Fix in memory the discourses, and abstract Dict. them into brief comperids.
Watts, The governor knew he was so circumspect as COMPENDIA'Rious. adj. [compendiarius, not to adhere to any of the factions of the time, in a neutrality mdifferently and friendly enter
Lat.) Short; contracted ; summarý ; taining all his robiputriots.
Short s. summary"; abridged ; compre
hensive; holding much in a narrow To be equal with; to mate,
space; direct; near; by which time is
saved, and circuition cut off.
They lcarned more compendious and expedi-
tious ways; whereby they shortened their las By me invested, he compeers the best. Sbalsa
bours, and gained time.
Woodward. To COMPE'L. v. a. (compello, Lat.)
COMPE'NDIOUSLY. adv. [froti compen3. To force to some act; to oblige; to
dious.) Shortly ; in a short method ; constrain ; to necessitate ; to urge irre
summarily ; in epitome. sistibly.
By the apostles we have the 'substance of
christian Belief compendiously dralyú into few You will compel me then to read the will ?
and short articles.
The state or condition of matter, before the
by the word chaos.
Bentley Daring th' event to the tecth, are all in uproar.
COMPENDIOUSNESS. n. s. [from compenShakipecre.
dious.] Shortness ; brevity ; compreHe refused, and said, I will not eat: but his hension in a narrow compass. servants, together with the woman, compelled The inviting easiness and compendiousness of him.
1 Samuel. this assertion, should dazzle che cresh Beatley, VOL h
COMPE'NDIUM. n. s. [Latin.) Abridg. COʻMPETENT. adj. (competens, Lat.) ment; summary; breviate ; abbrevia. 1. Suitable , fit; adequate ; proportionate
. ture; that which holds much in a If there be any power in imagination, the dinarrow room ; the ncar way.
stance must be competent, the medium not adverse, After we are grown well acquainted with a
and the body apt and proportionate. Bans. short system or compendium of a sciente, which is 2. Adapted to any purpose without defect written in the plainest and most simple manner, or superfluity. it is then proper to read a larger regular crea The greatest captain of the English brougts
rise on that subject. Hatts on the Mind. rather a guard, than a competent army to per COMPE'NSA B 1. E. adj. (from compensate.]
Davies on Ireland That may be recompensed.
To draw men from great excess, it is no To COMPENSATE. v. a. [compenso,
amiss though we use them onto somewhat less than is competent.
Huctor. Lat.) To recompense; to be equiva. 3. Reasonable ; moderate. lent to; to counterbalance; to counter, A competent number of the old being first read, yail; to make amends for.
the new should succeed. The length of the night, and the dew's thereof,
The clergy have gained some insight into mea do compensate the heat of the day. Bacon.
and things, and a competent knowledge of the The pleasures of life do not compensate the
Atterbury's Serah. miseries.
Prior. 4. Qualified; fit: a competent judge, is Nature to these, without profusion kind, one who has a right of jurisdiction in The proper organs, proper pow'rs, assign'd;
the case. Each seeming want compensated of course, Let us first consider how competent we are for Here with degrees of swiftness, there of force. the office.
Government of the Tenge
Pope. s. Consistent with; incident to. COMPENSATION.n.s. (from compensat.. ] That is the privilege of the Infinite Author of
Recompence; something equivalent things, who never slumbers nor sleeps, but is not amends.
competent to any finite being. Poynings, the better to make compensation of COMPETENTLY. adv. (from competcai.) lais service in the wars, called a parliament. 1. Adequately ; properly. Bacon, I think it hath been competently proved. Beatley
, All other debts may compensation find; 2. Reasonably ; moderately ;
without But love is strict, and will be said in kind.
superfluity or want. COMPE'NSATIVE. adj. (from compensate.)
Some places require men competently endowed
but none think the appointment to be a duty or Such as compensates or countervails.
justice bound to respect desert. To COMPE'NSE. v. a. (compenso, Latin.] COMPETIBLE. adj. (from competo, L.
To compensate ; to countervail; to be Fir this word a corrupt orthography equivalent to; to counterbalance; to has introduced compatible.] Suitable recompense.
to; consistent with. It seemeth, the weight of the quicksilver doth It is not competible with the grace of God not compense the weight of a stone, more than much as to incline any man to do evil
. Haze the weight of the aqua-fortis. Bacon's Nat. Hist. Those are properties not at all competible to
The joys of the two marriages were comfensed body or matter, though of neser so pure a mi with the mournings and funerals of prince Arthur.
Ben's Henry VII. The duration of eternity, à parte ante is such 213 9. CCMPERENDINATE. v. a. 1600 is only competible to the cternal God, and the perendino, Lat.) To delay.
communicáble to any created being Sir M.BA:
COMPE'SIBLENESSoftrom comp:tibiko COMPERENDINA’TION. n. s. [from com Suitableness ; fitness. perendinate.] Delay; dilatoriness.
COMPETITION. " so (from cox and COMPETENCE.
11. s. [from competent.) petitio, Latin.) COMPETENCY.
The act of endeavouring to gain atat 1. Such a quantity of any thing as is sufficient, without superfluity.
another endeavours to gain at the same
time ; rivalry; contest. Something of speech is to be indulged to common civilicy, more to intimacies, and a compe
"I'he ancient flames of discord and intesina tency to those recreative discourses which main
wars, upon the competition of both houses, aroule
again return. tain the cheerfulness of society. Gov.of Tongue.
A portrait, with which one of Titian's eerd 2. Such a fortune as, without exuberance,
not come in competition.
Dryden's Defreskoj is equal to the conveniencies of life.
Though what produces any degree of pleasure For competence of life I will allow you,
be in itself good, and what is apt to produce en Thát lack of means enforce you not io evil. Sbak. degree of pain be evil, yet often we do not all
It is no mean happiness to be seated in the so, when it comes in competition : the degrees mean: superfluity connes sooner by white hairs, also of plcasure and pain have a preference: but competency lives longer. Sbakspeare.
a discreee learned clergyman, with a compen We should be ashamed to rival inferiours, 203 tency fi: for one of his education, may be an en dishonour our nature by so degrading a set tertaining, an useful, and sometimes a necessary tition. companion.
Swift. 2. Double claim; claim of more than one Heason's whole pleasure, all the joys of sense, Lie in three words; healb, peace, and competense.
to one thing: anciently with te. Poft.
Competition to the crown there is sode,
can be. 33. [In law.] The power or capacity of
3. Now with for: a judge, er court, for taking cognizance
The prize of beauty was disputed til for 31 an affair,
were seen; but now all preteudess hart wit
drawn their claims : there is no competition but
I by conversing.cannot these erect for the second place.
Dryden. From prone, nor in their ways complacence find. COMPE'TITOR. n. s. [con and petitor, Lat.)
Milten, 1. One that has a claim opposite to an.
When the supreme faculties move regularly, other's ; a rival: with for before the
the inferior affections following, there arises a thing claimed.
serenity and complacency upon the whole soul.
South. How furious and impatient they be,
Diseases extremely lessen the complacence we And cannot brook competitors in love! Sbaksp. have in all the good things of this life. Atterb.
Some undertake suits with purpose to let them Others proclain the infirmities of a great man fall, to gratify the competitor.
Bacon. . with satisfaction and complacency, if they discover Cicereius and Scipio were competitors for the none of the like in theinselves. Addison office of prætor.
2. The cause of pleasure ; joy.
O thou, in heav'n and earth the only peace present felicity; and, when we take futurity
Found out for minkind under wrath! O chou, into the account, stands alone, and is acknow
My sole complacence! Milton's Par. Lost. ledged to have no competitor.
Rogers. 2. It had formerly of before the thing
3. Civility ; complaisance.;, sottuess of
They were not satisfied with their governour, Selymes, king of Algiers, was in arms against
and apprehensive of his rudeness and want of his brother Mechemetes, competitor the king
His great humanity appeared in the benevo3. In Shakspeare it seems to signify only lence of his aspect, the complacency of his bean opponent.
haviour, and the tone of his voice, Addison. The Guilfords are in arms,
Complacency and truth, and manly sweetness, And every hour more competitors
Dwell ever on his tongue, and smooth his Flock to the rebels. Sbaksp. Richard 111.
Addison. COMPILA’TION. n. s. [from compilo, Lat.]
With mean complasence ne'er betray your trust, 1. A collection from various authors.
Nor be so civil as to prove unjust.
COMPLACENT. adj. [complacens, Lat.] 2. An assemblage; a coacervation. There is in it a small vein filled with spar, pro
Civil ; affable ; soft ; complaisant. bably since the time of the compilation of the TO COMPLAIN. v.n. (complaindre, Fr.]
Woodward on Fossils. 1. To mention with sorrow or resentment; TO COMPI'LE. v. a. [compilo, Lat.) to murmur; to lament. With of be.' 1. To draw up from various authors ; to fore the cause of sorrow : sometimes
collect into one body. 2. To write ; to compose.
Lord Hastings, In poetry they compile the praises of virtudus Humbly complaining to her dcity, men and actions, and satires against vice. Temple.
Got my lord chamberlain his liberty. Sbaksp: By the accounts which authors have left, they
I will speak in the anguish of my spirit; } might learn that the face of sea and land is the will complain in the birterness of my soul. Fob same that it was when those accounts were
Shall'i, like thee, on Friday mght complain? compiled. Woodward's Natural History:
For on that day was Caur de Lion slain. Dryd. The regard he had for his shield, had caused Do not all mien complain, even these as well as him formerly to compile a dissertation concerning
others, of the great ignorance of mankind? it. Arbuthnot and Pope.
Burnet's Preface to Theory of the Earth.
Thus accursid, 3. To contain ; to comprise. Not used.
In midst of water I complain of thirst. Dryden. After so long a race as I have run
2. Sometimes with for before the causal Through fairy land, which those six books compile, Give leave to rest me.
Wherefore doth a living man complain, a man 4. To make up; to compose. Not used.
for the punishment of his sins ? Lamentations. Lion like, uplandish and more wild, Slave to his pride, and all his nerves being na
3. To inform against. turally compil'd
Now, master Shallow, you 'll complain of me Of eminent strength, stalks out and preys upon
to the council ?
Sbakspeare. a silly sheep. Chapman's Iliad.
To COMPLAIN. v.a. [This sense is rare, COMPILEMENT. n. s.[from compile.]Coa
and perhaps not very proper.) To la
ment; to bewail. cervation ; the act of piling together ;
Pale death our valiant leader hath oppress'd; the act of heaping up.
Come, wreak hisloss whom bootless ye complain. I was encouraged to assay how I could build a
Fairfax, man; for there is a moral as well as a natural or
Gaufride,who couldst so well in thime complein artificial compilement, and of better materials.
The death of Richard, with an arrow slain.
Dryden's Fables. COMPI'LER. n. s. [from compile.) A col They might the grievance inwardly complain
lector ; one who frames a composition * But outwardly they needs must temporize. from various authors.
Dan. Civil War. Some draw experiments into titles and tables: COMPLAINANT. 17. s. [from complain.) those we call compilers. Bacon's New Atalantis. One who urges a suit, or commences a Some painful compiler, who will study old
prosecution, against another. language, may inforin the world that Robert
Congreve and this author are the most eager earl of Oxford was high treasurer. Swift.
complwinants of the dispute.
Collier's Defense. COMPLACENCE. I n. sol complacentia, low
COMPLA'INER. 1.. :. (from complainiJOne COMPL A'CENCY:| Latin.]
who complains ; à murmurer; à la1. Pleasure ; satisfaction ; gratification.
• If any disposition should appear towards
St. Jude observes, that the murmurers and 1. Perfection; fulness; completion ; como 'camxplainers are the same who speak swelling
pletement. words. Government of the Tongue.
Our custom is both to place it in the front of Philips is a complainer; and on this occasion I • told lord Carteret, that compiainers never suco
our prayers as a guide; and to add it in the end
of some principal limbs or parts, as a complement ceed at court, though railers do: Swift.
which fully perfecteth whatsoever may be de COMPLA'INT.M. s. [complainte, French.] fective in the rest.
Hacker 1. Representation of pains or injuries; They as they feasted had their fill, lamentation.
For a full complement of all their ill. Hub.Tak. I cannot find any cause of complaint, that good For a complement of these blessings, they were Laws have so much been wanting unto us as we enjoyed by the protection of a king of the most to them.
Hooker's Dedication, harmless disposition, the most exemplary piety, As for me, is my complaint to man. Job. the greatest sobriety, chastity, and mercy. 'Adam saw
Clarendus Already in part, though hid in gloomiest shade, The sensible nature, in its complement and isTo sorrow abandon'd; but worst felt within, tegrity, hath five exterior powers or faculties. And in a troubled sea of passion toss'd,
Hale's Origin of Mandid. Thus to disburchen sought with sad complaint. 2. Complete set ; complete provision; the
full quantity or number. 2. The cause or subject of complaint; grief. The god of love himself inhabits there,
The poverty of the clergy in England hath been With all his rage, and dread, and grief, and care; the complaint of all who wish well to the church.
His complement of stores, and total war. Prie?. Swifi.
3.Adscititious circumstances; appendages 3. A malady; a disease. One, in a complaint of his bowels, was let
parts not necessary, but ornamental: blood till he had scarce any left, and was per
whence ceremony wascalled complement, fectly cured.
Arbuthnot. now corrupted to compliment. 4. Remonstrance against ; information If the case permitteth not baptism to have the against.
decent complements of baptism, better it were to Full of vexation, come I with complaint enjoy the body without his furniture, than to Against my child.
, for In evil strait this day I stand
which we desire it, be lost. Before my judge; either to undergo
These, which have lastly sprung up, for.com Myself the total crime, or to accuse
plements, rites, and ceremonies of church actiera, My other self, the partner of my life:
are in truth, for the greatest part, such sily Whose failing, while her faith to me remains, things, that very casiness doth make them hard I should conceal, and not expose to blame to be disputed of in serious manner. By my complaint; but strict necessity
A doleful case desires a doleful song, Subdues me, and calamitous constraint. Milton. Without vain art or curious complements.Spezer. Against the goddess these complaints he made. Garnish'd and dock'd in modest complemeni,
Dryden's Æneid. Not working with the ear, but with the eye. COMPLAISANCE. n. s. [complaisance, Fr.]
Stakicear. Civility ; desire of pleasing ; act of adu- ti (In geometry.) What remains of 3 lation.
quadrant of a circle, or of ninety de Her death is but in complaisance to her. Dryd. grees, after any certain arch hatk' beco
You must also be industrious to discover the retrenched from it. opinion of your enemies; for you may be assured, that they will give you no quarter, and al
5. [In astronomy.] The distance of a star low nothing to complaisance. Dryden's Dufresnoy. 6. COMPLEMENT of the curtain, in forti
from the zenith. Fair Venus wept the sad disaster Of having lost her fav'rite dove:
fication, that part in the intericur side In complaisance poor Cupid mourn'd;
of it which makes the demigorge. His grief reliev'd his mother's pain. Prior, 7. Arithmetical COMPLEMENT of a Lega, COMPLAISANT. adj.[complaisant, Fr.] rithm, is what the logarithm wants or Civil ; desirous to please.
10,000,000 There are to whom my satire seems too bold; COMPLETE. adj. [completus, Lat.) Scarce to wise Peter complaisant enough, And something said of Chartres much too rough.
1. Perfect; full; having no deficiencies. Pope.
With us the reading of scripture is a part of COMPLAISA'NTLY. adv. (from complais.
our church liturgy, a special
portion of the sea
vice which we do to God; and not an exercise to ant.] Civilly ; with desire to please ; spend the time, when one doth sait for another ceremoniously.
coming, till the assembly of them that shall. In plenty starving, tantaliz’d in state,
erwards worship hina be completea And complaisantly help to all I hate;
And ye are complete in hin which is the heat Treated, caress'd, and tir'd, I take my leave. of all principality and power.
Pope. Then marvel not, thou great andeemplate Test COMPLAISA'NTNESS, 2. S. [from com.
That all the Greeks begin to worship Ajut. plaisant.] Civility; compliance. Dict. To COMPLA'NATE: 1 v. a. [from planus, - Complete, having no degrees, canot TO COMPLA'NE. Lat:j To level;
properly admit more and most. to reduce to a fat and even surface. TẤe vertebræ of the neck and back
good a work, the assistance of the legisheria made short and complanated, and firmly braced
power would be necessary to make it soort with muscles.
Plete. COMPLE'AT. See COMPLETE.
3. Finished; ended; concluded.
This course of vanity almost complete, CO'N PLEMENTits, complementum, Lat.) Tird in the field of life, I hope retroak Prior