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has the quality or structure of an ad desire ; thence, calamitous; afflictive ; verb.
pernicious. It is opposed to prosperous. ADVERBIALLY. adj. (adverbialiter, Lat.]
What if he hath decreed, that I shall first Like an adverb; in the manner of an
Be try'd in humble state, and things adverse ; adverb.
By tribulations, injuries, insults, I should think alta was joined adverbially with
Contempts, and scorns, and snares, and violence.
Milton, fromit, did Virgil make use of so equivocal a Some the prevailing malice of the great, syntax.
Addison. ADVER'SABLE. 'adi. [from adverse.] Con
Unhappy men! or adverse fate,
Sunk deep into the gulphs of an afflicted state. trary to; opposite to.
Roscommon. ADVÉRSÁRIA. n. s. [Lat. A book, as it 3. Personally opponent; that counteracts should seem, in which lebtor and creditor another, or contests any thing. were set in opposition.] A common.
Well, she saw her father was grown her acha place; a book to note in.
verse party; and yet her fortune such, as sho These parchments are supposed to have been
must favour her rivals.
Sidney St. Paul's adversaria.
Bull's Sermons. A'DVERSELY.uplo. [from adverse.] In an A'DVERSARY. n. s. [adversaire, Fr. adver adverse manner: oppositely ; unfortusarius, Lat.) An opponent; antagonist ;
nately. enemy: generally applied to those that What I think, I utter, and spend my malico have verbal or judicial quarrels, as con
in my breath. If the drink you give me touch
my palate adversely, I make a crooked face at it. trovertists or litigants; sometimes to an
Sbakspears. opponent in single combat. It may Adve'rsity,n.s. (adversité, Fr. affliction, sometimes imply an open profession of calamity ; that is, opposition to our enmity; as we say, a secret enemy is wishes.] worse than an open adversary.
1. The cause of our sorrow; affliction ; Yet am I noble, as the adversary
misfortune. In this sense it may have a 1 come to cope. Sbakspeare's King Lear.
plural. 'Those rites and ceremonies of the church, therefore, which were the self-same now that
Let me embrace these sour adversities, they were when holy and virtuous men main
For wise men say, it is the wisest course. Sbakso, tained them against profane and deriding adver 2. The state of unhappiness; misery. saries, her own children have in derision. Hooker. Concerning deliverance itself from all adver
Mean while th' adversary of God and man, sity, we use not to say men are in adversity, Satan, with thoughts inflam'd, of highest design, whensoever they feel any small hinderance of Puts on swift wings.
Milton. their welfare in this world, but when some com An adversary makes a stricter search into us, table affliction or cross, some great calamity or and discovers every faw and imperfection in our trouble, befalleth them.
Hooker tempers. A friend exaggerates a man's virtues; Sweet are the uses of adversity, an enemy inflames his crimes. Addison. Which like the toad, ugly and venomous, ADVERSATIVE.adj. [adversativus, Lat.) Wears yet a precious jewel in his head. Shaks. A term of grammar, applied to a word
A remembrance of the good use he had made
of prosperity, contributed to support his mind which makes some opposition or variety,
under the heavy weight of adversity, which then as in this sentence : Tois diamond is
lay upon him.
Atterbury. orient, but it is rough: Bu is an adver-' To ADVERT. v. n. (adverio, Lat.] To atsalive conjunction
tend to; to regard; to observe: with the A'DVERSE. adj. [adversus, Lat. In prose particle 10 before the object of regard. it has now the accent on the first syl The mind of man being not capable at once to lable: in verse it is accented on the first advert to more than one th , a particular view by Sbukspeare; on either, indifferently,
and examination of such an innumerable numby Milion ; on the last, by Dryden ; on
ber of vast bodies, will afford master of admire ation.
Ray on the Creation. the first by Roscommon.)
Now to the universal whole advert; 1. Acting with contrary directions, as two The earth regard as of that whole a part; bodies in collision.
In which wide frame more noble worlds abound; Was I for this nigh wreckt upon the sea, Witness, ye glorious orbs, which hang around. And twice, by adverse winds, from England's
We sometimes say, To advert obe mind Drove back again unto my native clime ? Sbeks.
to an object. As when two polar winds, blowing adverse, Upon the Cronian sea together drive
ADVEʻRTENCE. n. s. [from advert.) At. Mountains of ice.
Milton, ADVERTENCY.) tention ; regard ; con. With adverse blast upturnsthem from the south, sideration; heedfulness. Notus and Afer.
Christianity may make Archimedes his chalA cloud of smoke envelopes either host, lenge; give it but where it may set its foot, al. And all at once the combatants are lost ;
Low but a sober advertence to its proposals, and Darkling they join adverse, and shock unseen, it will move the whole world. Decay of Piety. Coursers with coursers justling, men with men. Too much advertency is not your talent; or
Dryden. else you had fed from that text, as from a rock. 2. Figuratively, contrary to the wish or
ADVERTENT. adj. [from aduert.] At 1. He that gives intelligence or informatentive; vigilant; heedful.
tion. This requires choice parts, great attention of 2. The paper in which advertisements are mind, sequestration from the inportunity of se
published. cular employments, and a long advertent and
ADVERTISING, or ADVE'RTISING. part. deliberate connexing of consequents.
Hale, To ADVERTISE. v. a. [advertir, Fr.
adj. [from advertise.) Active in giving
intelligence; monitory. Not in use. It is now spoken with the accent upon
As I was then the last syllable ; but appears to have Advertising, and holy to your business,
been anciently accented on the second.] Not changing heart with habit, I am still 1. To inform another; to give intelli
Attornied at your service. Sbakspears. gence : with an accusative of the person
TOADVE'SPEKATE.V.n. [advespere, Lat.] informed.
To draw toward evening.
As I by friends am well advertised,
struction implies superiority, and advice With many more confederates, are in arms.
may be given by equals or inferiours. Sbakspeare.
Break we our watch up, and, by my advice, The king was not so shallow, nor so ill ad
Let us impart what we have seen to-night vertised, as not to perceive the intention of the Unto young Hamlet.
Sbakspeare. French king.
O troubled, weak, and coward as thou art! I hope ye will advertise me fairly of what they
Without thy poor advice, the lab'ring heart dislike.
To worse extremes with swifter steps would run; 2. To inform ; to give notice : with of
Not sav'd by virtue, yet by vice undone. Prior. before the subject of information.
Reflection; prudent consideration ; as, Ferhates, understanding that Solyman expect
he always acts with good advice. ed more assured advertisement, unto the other
What he hath won, that he hath fortified: Bassas declared the death of the emperor; of
So hot a speed, with such advice disposid, which they advertised Solyman, firming those
Such temperate order, in so tierce a course, letters with all their hands and seals. Kolles,
Doth want example.
Sbakspear!. They were to advertise the chief hero of the 3. Consultation ; deliberation : with the distresses of his subjects, occasioned by his ah. particle with.
Dryden. Great princes, taking advice with workmen, 3. To give notice of any thing, by means with no less cost, set their things together. Bacca.
of an advertisement in the publick prints; 4. Intelligence ; as, the merchants receiv.. as, he advertised his loss.
ed advice of their loss. This sense is ADVERTISEMENT, or ADVE'RTISE somewhat low, and chiefly commercial.
MENT, n. s. (advertissement, Fr.] Advi'CE-BOAT. n. 5. A vessel employed I. Instruction ; admonition.
to bring intelligence. —'Tis all men's office to speak patience Advi's ABLE. adj. [from advise.] PruTo those that wring under the load of sorrow; dent ; fit to be advised. But no man's 'virtue nor sufficiency,
Some judge it advisable for a man to account To be so moral, when he shall endure
with his heart every day, and this, no doubt, The like himself: therefore give me no counsel; is the best and surest course ; for still the oftner, My griefs are louder than advertisement. Sbaks. the better,
Soutb's Sermons. Cyrus was once minded to have put Cræsus It is not advisable to reward, where men have to death; but hearing him report the advertise the tenderness not to punish. L'Estrange
ment of Solon, he spared his life. Abbot. ADVI'SABLENESS, n s. (from altisable.] 2. Intelligence ; information.
The quality of being advisable, or fit; Then, as a cunning prince that useth spies,
fitness ; propriety. If they return no news, doth nothing know; But if they make advertisement of lies,
To ADVI'SE v.a. ( adviser, Fr.] The prince's counsel all awry do go.
1. To counsel : with the particle to before
Sir 7. Davies. the thing advised. He had received advertisement, that the party If you do stir abroad, go arm'd. which was sent for his relief, had received some
Arm'd, brother!brush, which would much retard their march. -Brother, I advise you to the best. Sbats.
Clarendon. I would advise all gentlemen to learn merThe drum and trumpet, by their several chants accounts, and not to think it a skill that sounds, serve for many kinds of advertisements belongs not to them.
Locke in military affairs: the bells serve to proclaim a When I consider the scruples and cautions I scare-fire; and, in some places, water-breaches; here lay in your way, methinks it looks as it I the departure of a man, woman, or child; time
advised you to something which I would have of divine service; the hour of the day; day of
offered at, but in effect not done. Locke. the month.
2. To give information ; to inform ; to 3. Notice of any thing published in a paper make acquainted with any thing : often of intelligence.
with the particle of before the thing ADVERTI'SER.n.s, [advertiseur, Fr.) told.
You were advis’d, his flesh was capable the evils which seem most hurtful. Sponser. Of wounds and scars; and that his forward spirit 2. It is taken likewise, in old writers, for Would lift him where most trade of danger rang'd. prudence and circumspection. It is
now, in both senses, antiquated. As may advise him of his happy state;
Apvi'ser.n. s. [from advist.] The perHappiness in his pow'r, left free to will,
son that advises, or gives counsel; a
Paradise Lost, counsellor. A posting messenger, dispatch'd from hence, Here, free from court compliances, he walks, Of this fair troop advis'd their aged prince. And with himself, his best adviser, talks. Waller.
Dryden. They never fail of their most artful and indeTO ADVI'se. V. n.
fatigable address, to silence this impertinent ad1. To consult : with the particle with be
viser, whose severity awes their excesses. Rogers. fore the person consulted; as, he advised ADULATION. n. s. [udulanon, Fr. adu. with his companions.
latio, Lat.] Flattery; high complia 2. To consider; to deliberate. Advise if this be worth
Obe sick, great greatness ! Attempting, or to sit in darkness here,
And bid thy ceremony give thee cure. Hatching vain empires. Paradise Lost.
Think'st thou the fiery fever will go out
With cicles blown from adulation? Shakspear', Advi'sed. part. adj. [from allvise.]
They who fiattered him most before, mentioned 1. Acting with deliberation and design;
him now with the greatest bitterness, without prudent; wise.
imputing the least crime to him, committed Let his travel appear rather in his discourse, since the time of that exalted adulation, or that than in his apparel or gesture; and, in his dis was not then as much knowo to them, as it could course, let bim be rather advised in his answers,
Clarendon. than forward to tell stories. Bacon's Essays. ALULA'ror. n. s. [ndulator, Lat.] LA Th'almighty Father, where he sits flatterer.
Dict. Shrin'd in his sanctuary of heav'n secure, Consulting on the sum of things, foreseen
A'DULATORY. adj. [ail Intorjus, Lat.) This tunult, and permitted all, advis'd.
Flattering ; full of compliments,
Paradise Lost. ADU'LT. udj. [ricultus, Lat.) Grown up; 2. Performed with deliberation ; done on past the age of infancy and weakness. : purpose ; acted with design.
They would appear less able to approve themBy that which we work naturally, as when silves net only to the contessor, but even to the we breathe, sleep, and move, we set forth the catechist, in their adult age, than they were in glory of God as natural agents do; albeit we their minority; as having scarce ever thought of have no express purpose to make that our end, the principles of their religion, since they conned nor any advised determination therein to follow them to avoid correction. Decay of Piety. a law,
Hooker. The earth, by these applauded schools 'tis said, In my school-days, when I had lost one shaft, This single crop of men and women bred ; I shot his fellow of the self-same flight,
Who grown adult (so chance, it seems, enjoin'd) The self-same way, with more advised watch, Did, male and female, propagate their kind. To find the other forth; by vent'ring both,
Blackmor?. I oft found both. Sbakspeare's Mer. of Venice. ADU'LT. N. s. A person above the age of ADVI'SEDLY, adv. (from advise.d.] So infancy, or grown to some degree of
berly; heedfully; deliberately ; pur strength; sometimes full grown: a posely ; by design ; prudently.
word used chiefly by medicinal writers. This book advisedly read and diligently fol The depression of the cranium, without a loued but one year at home, would do more fracture, can but seldom occur; and then it good than three years travel abroad. Asebam. happens to children, whose bones are more plia
Surprise may be made by moving things, when ble and soft than those of adults. Sharp's Surgery. the party is in haste, and cannot stay to consider T, ADU'LTER. V. a. (adulterer, Fr. adul. admised'y of that which is moved. Bacon's Es.
tero, Lat.] To commit adultery with Thou stilest second thoughts (by all allowed The best) a relapse, and accusest constancy of
another: a word not classical.
His chaste wife
Sir John Suckling:
Ben Jonson, ADVI'S EDNESS. ». s. [from advised.] Deliberation ; cool and prudent procedure.
ADU’LTERANT. n. so [adulterans, Lat.) While things are in agitation, private men may
The person or thing which adulterates. modes:iy render their thoughts to the considera TO ADU'LTER ATE. v. a. (adulterer, Fr. tion of those that are in authority; to whose care purluliero, Lat.] it belongeth, in prescribing concerning indifferent 1. To commit adultery. things, to proceed with all just advisedness and
But fortune, oh! moderacion. Saunderson's Fudgment in one Vlow. Adultcrates hourly with thine uncle John. Shaks. ADVI'SEMENT. n. s. (advisement. Fr.] 2. To corrupt by come foreign admix1. Counsel; information.
ture; to contaminate. More I wote,
Common pot-ashes, bought of them that sell What strange adventure do ye now pursue ? i in shops, who are not so toolishly kravish as Perhaps my succour, or advisement meet; to adulterate them with salt-petre, which is Mote stead you muih. Fairy Qiseen. much dearer than pot-ashes.
Bogde. I will, according to your advisement, declare Could a man be coinposed to such an advan
tage of constitution, that ie should not at all
The act of violating the bed of a maradulterate the images of his mind; yet this se
ried person. cond nature would alter the crasis of his understanding. Glanville's Scepsis Scientifica.
All thy domestic griefs at home be left,
The wife's adult'ry, with the servant's theft; The present war has so adulterated our tongue
And (the most racking thought which can with strange words, that it would be impossible
intrude) for one of our great-grandfathers to know what
Forget false friends, and their ingratitude. Dryd. his posterity have been doing.
Spectator, ADU’LTNESS. n. ADU'LTERATE. adj. (from To adultcrate.]
s. [from aduli.] The
state of being adult. See ADOLES1. Tainted with the guilt of adultery.
Dici, I am possess'd with an adulterate blot ; My blood is mingled with the grime of lust;
ADU'MBRANT. adj. [from adumbrate.] Being strumpeted by thy contagion, Sbaks. That gives a slight resemblance.
-That incestuous, that adulterate beast. Sbak. TO ADU'MBRATE. a. (adumbro, 2. Corrupted with some foreign mixture. Lat.) To shadow out; to give a slight
It does indeed differ no more, than the maker likeness; to exhibit a faint resemblance, of adulterate wares does from the vender of them.
like that which shadows afford of the Government of the Tongue. They will have all their gold and silver, and
bodies they represent. may keep their adulterate copper at home. Swift.
Heaven is designed for our reward, as well ADU'LTERATENESS, n. . [from adu.ie.
as rescue; and therefore is adumbrated by all
those positive excellencies, which can endear or Tale.] The quality or state of being
Decay of Piety: adulterate, or counterfeit.
ADUMBRA'Tion n. s. [from adumbrate.] ADULTERATION. n. s. [from adulterate.] 1. The act of adumbrating, or giving a 1. The act of adulterating or corrupting slight and imperfect representation. - by foreign mixture ; contamination. See ADUMBRATE.
To make the compound pass for the rich me To make some adumbration of that we mean, tal simple, is an adulteration, or counterfeiting: it is rather an impulsion or contusion of the air, but if it be done avowedly, and without dis than an elision or section of the same. Bacon. guising, it may be a great saving of the richer
2. The slight and imperfect representation metal.
Bacon's Natural History. 2. The state of being adulterated, or con
of a thing; a faint sketch.
The observers view but the backside of the taminated.
hangings; the right one is on the other side the Such translations are like the adulteration of
grave: and our knowledge is but like those the noblest wines, where something of the co broken ends; at best a most confused adum. lour, spirit, and flavour, will remain. Felton.
Glanville's Scepsis Scientifica, ADU'LTERER, n. s. (adulter, Lat.] The Those of the first sort have some adumbratior person guilty of adultery,
of the rational nature, as vegetables have of the With what impatience must the muse behold
Hale's Origin. The wife by her procuring husband sold!
ADUNA'TION. n. s. [from ad and mus, For tho' the law makes null th' adulterer's deed Lat.) The state of being united; Of lands to her, the cuckold may succeed. union : a word of little use.
Dryden, When, by glaciation, wood, straw, dust, and ADU'LTERESS. n. s. (from adulterer.] A water, are supposed to be united into one lump, woman that commits adultery.
the cold does not cause any real union or aduThe Spartan lady replied, when she was asked nation, but only hardening the aqueous parts of What was the punishment for adulteresses? the liquor into ice, the other bodies, being acciThere are nosuch things here. Gov.oftbe Tongue.
dentally present in that liquor, are frozen up in Helen's rich atcire, it, but not really united.
Begle. From Argos by the fam'd adult'ress brought, ADU'NCITY. n. s. [runcitas, Lat. ] CrookWith golden flow'rs and winding foliage wrought. edness ; flexure inward; hookedness.
Dryden. There can be no question, but the aduncity of A'DU'LTERINE. n. s. [adulterine, Fr. dahl the pounces and beaks of the hawks, is the
terinus, Lat.] A child born of an cause of the great and habitual immorality of adulteress : a term of canon law.
Arbutbrot and Pepe ADU'LTEROUS. adj. (adulter, Lat.] Guilty
ADU'NQUE, adj. [arluncus, Lat.) Crooked;
bending inward ; hooked. of adultery. Th' adulterous Antony, most large
The birds that are speakers, are parrots, pies, In his abominations, turns you off,
jays, daws, and ravens; of which parrots have
an adunque bill, but the rest not. Bacon, And give his potent regiment to a trull That noses it against us.
A'DVOCACY. n. s. [from advocatr.) The An adulterous person is tied to restitution of the act of pleading : vindication ; defence ; injury, so far as it is reparable ; and to make apology: a word in little use. provision for the children, that they may not If any there are of who are opinion that there injure the legitimate.
Taylor. are no antipodes, or that the stars do fall, they Think on whose faith th' adulterous youth re shall not want herein the applause or advocacy of lyd;
Brown's Vulgar Errouz. Who promis’d, who procur'd, the Spartan bride. ADVOCATE. n. s. (advocatus, Lat.]
1. He that pleads the cause of another in a ADULTERY. n. s. [adulterium, Lat.] coiut of judicature.
, in the general import of the By this means, the virtual heat of the water Ford, is that person who has the pleading and will enter; and such a heat as will not make management of a judicial cause. In a strict way the body adust or fragile.
Which with torrid heat,
plexion and humours of the body.
Such humours are adust, as, by long heat,
become of a hot and fiery nature, as choler,
To ease the soul of one oppressive weight,
This quits an empire, that embroils a state.
The same adust complexion has impellid
ADU'STED. adj. (See ADUST.)
I. Burnt; scorched; dried with fire,
Sulphurous and nitrous foam commonly the better, that has the better advo
They found, they mingled, and with subtle art
Concocted, and adusted, they reduc'd
2. Hot, as the complexion.
They are but the fruits of adusted choler, and
the evaporations of a vindictive spirit. Howel.
ADU'STIBLE. adj. (from adust.] That
Pope. 4. In the scriptural and sacred sense, it
may be adusted, or burnt. up. Dict. stands for one of the offices of our ke- ADU'STION, 11. s. [from adusi.] The act deemer.
of burning up, or drying, as by fire.
This is ordinarily a consequent of a burning
colliquative fever; the softer parts being melted
away, the heat continuing its edustion upon the
drier and fleshy parts, changes into a marcid
Harvey on Consumptions,
AE, or E. A diphthong of very frequent
use in the Latin language, which seems
not properly to have any place in the
English; since the ce of the Saxons has
been long out of use, being changed to
e simple, to which, in words frequently ADVOLU'TION. X. s. [advolutio, Lat.]
occurring, the ce of the Romans is, in The act of rolling to something;
the same manner, altered, as in equator, Adva’UTRY. n. s. (avoutrie, Fr.] Adul
equinoctiul, and even in Eneas.'
ÆGLOGUE.". s. (written instead of
tclugue, from a mistaken etymology.) A
pastoral; a dialogue in verse between
Which moved him rather in æglogues otherwise
to write, doubting, perhaps, his ability, which
he little needed, or minding to furnish our tongue common law.] A right to present to
with this kind wherein it faulteth. Spenser's Past.
ÆGILOPS.». s. Errysawt, signifying goat-
eyed, the goat being subject to this ail-
ment.A tumour or swelling in the obtained the right of presenting to any
great corner of the eye, by the root of church, were great benefactors thereto;
the nose, either with or without an inand are therefore termed sometimes
flammation : also a plant so called, for
Cowell. its supposed virtues against such a dis-
Ægilops is a tubercle in the inner canthus of
ÆGYPT L'ACUM. n. S. An ointment con-
sisting only of honey, verdigrease, and
To Adu'r E. v. n. (aduro, Lat.] To
burn up. Not in use.
Adu'st. adj. (aulustus, Lat.)