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3. The name of a particular herb.
The fontanel in his neck was descried by the The seeds are gathered into a little head, end. slinging of his hair to the plaster. Wiseman, ing in a kind of rough plume ; whence it is called When they united and together clung,
by the country people old man's beard. Miller. When undistinguish'd in one heap they hung. TO CLI'MBER. v. n. (from clamber.] To
Blackmore. mount with effort ; to climb.
See in the circle next Eliza plac'd, In scaling the youngest to pluck off his becke,
Two babes of love close clinging to her waist. Beware how ye climber for breaking your neck.
Take your blue ribbon for a string.
2. To adhere, as followers or friends. and therefore properly poetical.) Cli
Most popular consul he is grown, methinks! mate ; region; tract of earth.
How the rout cling to him ! Ben Jonson, He can spread thy name o'er land and seas,
3. To dry up; to consume ; to waste ; to Whatever clime the sun's bright circle warms.
pine away. (ceclungen treop, a wi
Milton. They apply the celestial description of other
thered tree.] climes unto their own. Brown's Vulg. Errours.
If thou speak'st false, Of beauty sing : her shining progress vicw;
Upon the next tree shalt thou hang alive, From clime to clime the dazzling light pursue,
Till famine cling thee. Sbakspeare's Macbet).
Granville. CLI'NGY. adj. [from cling.] Apt to cling : We shall meet
adhesive. In happier climes, and on a safer shore, Allison. CLI'NICAL. adj. [xaivw, to lie down.] in temperate climes, are common and familiar CLI’NICK. } Those that keep their beds ; blessings.
those that are sick, past hopes of reTO CLINCH. v. a. [clyniga, Saxon, to covery. A clinical lecture is a discourse
knock, Junius ; clingo, in Testus, to upon a disease, made by the bed of the encompass, Minshew.)
patient. 1. To hold in the hand with the fingers A clinical convert, one that is con. bent over it.
verted on his deathbed. This word Simois rowls the bodies and the shields
occurs often in the works of Taylor. Of heroes, whose dismember'd hands yet bear To CLINK. v. a. [perhaps softened from The dart aloft, and clinch the pointed spear.
clank, or corrupted from click.] To 2. To contract or double the fingers.
strike so as to make a small sharp noise. Their tallest trees are about seven feet high,
Five years ! a long lease for the clinking of the tops whereof I could but just reach with my TO CLINK. v. n. To utter a small, sharp,
Sbakspeare fist clinched.
Swift. To bend the point of a nail on the 3.
The sever'd bars other side.
Submissive clink against your brazen portals To confirm ; to fix: as, to clinch an
Underneath th' umbrella's oily shed, CLINCH. n. s. (from the verb.]
Safe thro' the wet on clinking pattens tread. Gay. I. A word used in a double meaning; a
CLINK. n. s. [from the verb.] pun; an ambiguity; a duplicity of
1. A sharp successive noise ; a knocking:
I heard the clink and fall of swords. Sbaks meaning, with an identity of expression. How it obtains this meaning is difficult
2. It seems in Spenser to have some unusual
I believe the knocker of a door. to find. A nail caught on the other side,
Tho creeping close behind the wicket's clink, and doubled, is a nail clinchca : a word
Privily he peeped out thro'a chink. Spenser. taken in a different meaning, and doubled in sense, is likewise a clinch.
CLI'NQUANT, adj. (French.] Dressed Such as they are, I hope they will prove, with
in embroidery, in spangles, false glitter, out a clincb, luciferous; searching after the na
tinsel finery. ture of light.
To-day the French,
Dryden. TO CLIP. v. a. (clippan, Saxon.)
1. To embrace, by throwing the arms 2. That part of the cable which is fastened round; to hug; to enfold in the arms.
He that before shunn'd her, to shun such to the ring of the anchor.
harms, CLINCHER.n. s. [from clinch.] A cramp; Now runs and takes her in his clipping arms. Sid. a holdfast ; a piece of iron bent down
Here I clip to fasten planks.
The anvil of my sword, and do contest The wimbles for the work Calypso found; Hotly and nobly with thy love. Sbokspeare. With those he pierc'd 'em, and with clinchers O nation, that thou couldse remove bound.
Pope. That Nepiune's arms, who clippetb thee about ! TO CLING. v. n. pret. I clung ; part. I
Enter the city ; clip your wives, your friends; have clung. [klynger, Danish.]
Tell them your feats.
Sbakspeara 1. To hang upon by twining round; to
The jades stick to; to hold fast upon.
That drag the tragick melancholy night, The broil long doubtful stood; Who with their drowsy, slow, and flagging wings, Astwo spent swimmers that do cling together, Clip dead men's graves. Sbakspeare. And choak their art.
Sbakspears. The male restech on the back of the kmale
The earth that casteth up from the pload :
clipping, and embracing her with his legs about as the wind did with the traveller to part with the neck and body.
Ray. his cloak, which he only held the faster. Lack, 2. To cut with sheers. [klipper, Danish; Nimbly he rose, and cast his garment down;
klippen, Dutch ; apparently from the That instant in hiscloak I wrapt me round. Pepe. same radical sense, since sheers cut by 2. A concealment; a cover. enclosing and embracing.)
Not using your liberty for a cloak of malicious
Peter. Your sheers come too late to clip the bird's vings, that already is flown away. Sidney.
To CLOAK. v. a. (from the noun.] Then let him, that my love shall blame, 1. To cover with a cloak. Or clip love's wings, or quench love's flame. 2. To hide ; to conceal.
Suckling. Most heavenly fair, in deed and view, He clips hope's wings, whose airy bliss
She by creation was, till she did fall; Much higher than fruition is. Denbam, Thenceforth she sought for helps to clask her But love had clipp'd his wings, and cut him
Speruer. short, Confin'd within the purlieus of his court. Dryd.
CLO'AK BAG.n. s. (from cloak and baz.) If mankind had had wings, as perhaps some
A portmanteau ; a bag in which clothes extravagant atheists may think us deficient in are carried. that, all the world must have consented to clip
Why dost thou converse with that trunk di them.
humours, that stuffed cloakbag of guts! Shakira By this lock, this sacred lock, I swear,
I have already fit Which never more shall join its parted hair,
('T is in my cloakbag) doublet, hat, hose, all Clipp'd from the lovely head where late it : CLOCK. n. s. [clocc, Welsh, from cisto
That answer to them.
Sbakspeare He spent every day ten hours dozing, clipping a bell, Welsh and Armorick; clate, papers, or darning his stockings. Swift. French.] 3. Sometimes with off:
1. The instrument which, by a series of We should then have as much feeling upon the
mechanical movements, tells the hour clipping off a hair, as the cutting of a nerve.
by a stroke upon a bell. 4. It is particularly used of those who
If a man be in sickness or pain, the time wil diminish coin by paring the edges.
seem longer without a cleck or hour-glass eta
with it. This design of new coinage, is just of the na
The picture of Jerome usually described : ture of clipping
his study, is with a cleck hanging by. 5. To curtail; to cut short.
I told the clocks, and watch'd the wasting by All my reports go with the modest truth; Nor more, nor clipt, but so. Sbakspeare. 2. It is an usual expression to say,
Hbati Mrs. Mayoress dipped the king's English.
it of the clock, for Wbat bour is it? Or
Addison. Even in London they clip their words after
ten o'clock, for the tenib hour. one manner about the court, another in the city,
Wbat is 't o'clock.?and a third in the suburbs.
Upon the stroke of four. Stekster
Macícaus set forward about ten o'clock in the 6. To confine ; to hold ; to contain.
night. Where is he living, clipt in with the sea, Who calls me pupil?
About nine of the clock at night the line
marched out of the North-port. YO CLIP. v. n. A phrase in falconry. 3. The clock of a stocking; the flowers et
Some falcon stoops at what her eye design'd, inverted work about the ankle. And with her eagerness the quarry miss'd, His stockings with silver clocks were rariskan Straight flies at check, and clips it down the wind. from him.
Dryden. 4. An insect; a sort of beetle. CLIPPER. n. s. [from clip.] One that debases coin by cutting.
CLO'CKMAKER. 1. s. (clock and maker. It is no English treason to cut French crowns,
An artificer whose profession is to make and to-morrow the king himself will be a clipper.
This inequality has been diligently observed No coins pleased some medallists more than
several of our ingenious clockmaters, and eyes those which had passed through the hands of an
tions been made and used by them. old Roman clipper.
Addison. CLOCKWORK.n.s. (from clock and everk.) CLIPPING. n. s. [from clip.] The part
Movements by weights or springs
those of a clock. cut or clipped off. Beings purely material, without sense
So if unprejudic'd you scan thought; as the clippings of our beards, and par
The goings of this clockwork, man; ings of our nails.
You find a hundred movements made
By fine devices in his head : ClI'ver. n. s. An herb. More properly
But 't is the stomach's solid stroke, written cleaver.
That tells this being what's o'clock. It grows wild, the seeds sticking to the clothes Within this hollow was Vulcan's shop, full : of such as pass by them. It is sometimes used
fire and clockwork. in medicine.
You look like a puppet moved by clockwork CLOAK. N. s. [lach, Saxon.) 1. The outer garment, with which the CLOD, n. s. [clud, Sax. a little hillock; rest are covered.
klotte, Dutch.) You may bear it
1. A lump of earth or clay; such a body Under a cloke that is of any length. Sbakspeare. of earth as cleaves or hangs together
, Their clokes were cloth of silver, mix'd with gold.
great clod, is All arguments will be as little able to prevail, up a smaller clod.
so good as that which assic
I'll cut up, as plows
motion ; to encumber with shackles ; to Do barren lands, and strike together flints
impede, by fastening to the neck or leg And clods, th’ungrateful senate and the people.
a heavy piece of wood or iron. Who smooths with harrows, or who pounds
If you find so much blood in his liver as will with rakes,
clog the foot of a flea, I 'll eat the rest of the The crumbling clods.
Let a man wean himself from these worldly 2. A turf; the ground.
impediments, that here clog his soul's flight. Byzantians boast, that on the clod Where once their sultan's horse has trod,
Digby on the Soul.
The wings of birds were clogg d with ice and Grows neither grass, nor shrub, nor tree. Swift.
Dryden. 3. Any thing concreted together in a Fleshly lusts do debase men's minds, and clog cluster
their spirits ; make them gross and foul, listless Fishermen who make holes in the ice to dip and unactive.
Tillotson. up fish with their nets, light on swallows con Gums and pomatums shall his flight restrain, gealed in clods of a slimy substance; and carry While clogg'd he beats his silken wings in vain. ing them home to their stoves, the warmth re
Pope. storeth them to life and fight.
Carew. 2. To hinder ; to obstruct. 4. A lump, a mass of metal.
The gutter'd rocks and congregated sands, One at the forge
Traitors ensteep'd to clogthe guiltless keel. Sbak. Labouring, two massy clods of iron and brass His majesty's ships were over-pestered and Had melted.
Milton, clogged with great ordnance, whereof there is 5. Any thing vile, base, and earthy; as superfluity. the body of man compared to his soul. 3. To load ; to burden ; to embarrass. And ye, high heav'r.s, the temple of the gods!
Since thou hast far to go, bear not along In which a thousand tourches, faming bright, The clogging burthen of a guilty soul. Sbaks. Do burn; that to us, wretched earthly clods,
You 'll rue the time In dreadful darkness lend desired light. Spenser,
That clogs me with this answer.
Sbakspeare. The spirit of man,
They "lanc'd a vein, and watch'd returning Which God inspir’d, cannot together perish
breath; With this corporeal clod. Milton's Par. Lost.
came, but clogg'd with symptoms of his death. How ine purer spirit is united to this clod, is a
Dryden. knot too hard for our degraded intellects to untie.
All the commodities are clogged with imposiGlanville. tions.
Addison. Iu moral reflections there must be heat, as 4. In the following passage it is improper, well as dry reason, to inspire this cold clod of
for its meaning always includes hinclay which we carry about with us. Burnet. derance. 6. A dull, gross, stupid fellow; a dolt.
Clocks and jacks, though the screws and teeth The vulgar! a scarce animated clod,
of the wheels and nuts be never so smooth, yet, Ne'er pleas'd with aught above 'em. Dryden. if they be not oiled, will bardly move, though To Clop. v. n. [from the noun.] To you clog them with never so much weight. Ray.
gather into concretions; to coagulate : Tó CLOG. v. n. for this we sometimes use clot.
1. To coalesce; to adhere. In this sense, Let us go find the body; and from the stream, perhaps, only corruptly used for clod or With lavers pure, and cleansing herbs, wash off clot. The clodded gore.
Milton. Move it sometimes with a broom, that the To Clod. v. a. (from the noun.] To seeds clog not together.
Evelyn. pelt with clods.
2. To be encumbered or impeded by Cio'ddy. adj. [from clod.]
some extrinsick matter. 1. Consisting of earth or clods; earthy; In working through the bone, the teeth of the
saw will begin to clog. Sbarp's Surgery. muddy ; miry; mean ; gross; base. 'The glorious sun,
Clog, n. s. (from the verb.] Turning with splendour of his precious eye 1. A load; a weight; any encumbrance
The meagre cloddy earth to glittering gold. Sbak. hung upon any animal or thing to hinder 2. Full of clods unbroken.
motion. These lands they sow always under furrow I'm glad at soul I have no other child; about Michaelmas, and leave it as cloddy as they For thy escape would teach me tyranny, Mortimer's Husbandry: To hang clogs on them.
Sbakspeare. CLO'Dpate. . s. [ciod and pate.] A I did but prompt the age to quit their clogs, stupid fellow; a dolt ; a thickskull. By the known rules of ancient liberty. Milton,
As a dog, committed close CLO'DPATED. adj. [from clodpate.] Stu.
For some offence, by chance breaks loose, pid ; dull; doluish; thoughtless.
And quits his clog; but all in vain, My clodpated relations spoiled the greatest
He still draws after him his chain, Hudibras. genius in the world, when they bred me a
2. An encumbrance; a hinderance; an mechanick.
obstruction ; an impediment. CLO'D POLL. n. s. [from clod and poll.] Weariness of the flesh is an heavy clog to the A thickskull; a dolt ; a blockhead.
Hooker. This letter being so excellently ignorant, he They 're our clogs, not their own; if a man be will find that it comes from a clodpoll. Sbak, Chaind to a galley, yet the galley 's free. Donne.
Their prince made no other step than rejectT. CLOG. v. a. [It is imagined by
ing the pope's supremacy, as a clog upon his Ekirner to come from log ; by Casaubon
own power and passions.
Swift. derived from xóc, a dog's collar, be Slavery is, of all things, the greatest clog and ing thought to be first hung upon fierce obstacle to speculation.
3. A kind of additional shoe,- worn by 1. To load with something that may hinder women to keep them from wet.
4. A wooden shoe.
When the sad wife has clos'd her husband's In France the peasantry goes barefoot ; and
eyes ; the middle sort, throughout all that kingdom, Lies the pale corps, not yet entirely dead? Prier. makes use of wooden clogs.
Harvey. I soon shall visit Hector, and the shades CLO'GGINESS. n. s. [from cloggs.] The
Of my great ancestors. Cephisa, thou state of being clogged.
Wilt lend a hand to close thy mistress' eyes.
Phili CLO'ggy. adj. [from clog.] That has the power of clogging up.
2. To conclude ; to end ; to finish. By additaments of some such nature, some
One frugal supper did our studies close. Drilo
I close this with my earnest desires that you grosser and cloggy parts are retained; or else
will seriously consider your estate. much subtilized, and otherwise altered. Boyle. CLO'ISTER. 1.s. (clâs,Welsh ; clauszen,
Edward and Henry, now the boast of fame;
And virtuous Alfred, a more sacred name; Sax. closter, Germ. klooster, Dut. clau After a life of generous toils endurid,
stro, Ital. cloistre, Fr. claustrum, Latin.] Clos'd their long glories with a sigh, to find 1. A religious retirement; a monastery ;
Th' unwilling gratitude of base mankind. Pepee a nunnery.
3. To enclose; to contine ; to reposite. Nor in a secret cloister doth he keep
According to the gift which bounteous nature
4. To join ; to unite fractures ; to consoAnd there with holy virgins live immur'd. lidate fissures.
Dryden. The armourers accomplishing the knights, How could he have the leisure and retiredness With busy hammers closing rivets up. Shabby of the cloister, to perform those acts of devotion ? There being no winter yet to close up and
Atterbury. unite its parts, and restore the earth to its for 2. A peristyle ; a piazza.
mer compactness. To cio'ister. v. a. (from the noun.]
As soon as any public rupture happens, it is To shut up in a religious house ; to con
immediately closed up by moderation and good offices.
Addison en Italy. fine ; to immure; to shut up from the All the traces drawn there are immediately world.
closed up, as though you wrote them with you Cloister thee in some religious house. Shaks. finger on the surface of a river. Watti They have by commandment, though in form To CLOSE. v. n. of courtesy, cloistered us within these walls for three days.
1. To coalesce; to join its own parts toIt was of the king's first acts to cloister the gether. queen dowager in the nunnery of Bermondsey. They, and all that appertained to them, went
Bacon. down alive into the pit, and the earth closed upon Nature affords plenty of beauties, that no man
them. need complain if the deformed are cloistered up. In plants, you may try the force of imagina.
tion upon the lighter motions, as upon their CLO'ISTERAL. adj. [from cloister.] Soli
closing and opening. tary ; retired; religiously recluse. 2. To Close upon. To agree upon ; to Upon this ground many cloisteral meil, of
join in. great learning and devotion, prefer contempla The jealousy of such a design in us would it. tion before action.
Walton's Angler, duce France and Holland to close upon some meze CLO'ISTERED.particip.adj.[from cloister.] sures between them to our disadvantage. Temples 1. Solitary ; inhabiting cloisters.
3. TO CLOSE with. Ere the bat hath flown
To come to an His cloisterd flight, there shall be done
To CLOSE in with. S agreement with; A deed of dreadful note. Sbakspeare's Macb. to comply with; to unite with. 2. Built with peristyles or piazzas.
Intire cowardice makes thee wrong this virtsa The Greeks and Romans had commonly two
ous gentlewoman, to close with us. Sbakspeare. cloistered open courts, one serving for the wo
It would become me better, than to dlese men's side, and the other for the men. Wotton.
In terms of friendship with thine enemies. Stak. CLO'ISTRESS. n. s. [from cloister.) A
There was no such defect in man's under
standing, but that it would close with the ev nun ; a lady who has vowed religious dence. retirement.
He took the time when Richard was depos 'd, Like a cloistress she will veiled walk,
And high and low with happy Harry clos’a
. And water once a day her chamber round
With eye-offending brine. Sbakspeare. Pride is so unsociable a vice, that there is 10 ELOKE, niso Sce CLOAK.
closing with it
Collier of Friendship CLOMB. The pret. of To climb.
This spirit, poured upon iron, lets go the 12 Ask to what end they clomb that tedious
ter; the acid spirit is more attracted by the height.
fixed body, and lets go the water, to close srita
the fixed body. TO CLOOM. v. a. [corrupted from cleam,
Nevien's Opticks. clæmian, Sax, which is still used in some
Such a proof as would have been closed with
certainly at the first, shall be set aside easily provinces.] To close or shut with afterwards. glutinous or viscous matter.
These governors bent all their thoughts and Rear the live enough to let them in; and cloom applications to close in with the people, up the skirts, all but the door. Mortimer. stronger party. To CLOSE. v. a. (closa, Armorick ; kluys, A. TO ČLOSE with. To grapple with in Dutch; clos, Fr. clausus, Lat.]
wrestling. 1. To shut; to lay together.
CLOSE. 1. s. (from the verb.] Sleep instantly fell on me, call'd
1. Any thing shut, without outlet. By nature as in aid, and clos'd mine eyes. Milton. The admirable effects of this distillation in
close, which is like the wombs and matrices of Was I a man bred great as Rome herself, living creatures.
Bacon, Equal to all her titles! that could stand 3. A small field enclosed.
Close up with Atlas, and sustain her name I have a tree which grows here in my close, As strong as he doth heav'n!
Ben Jonsora That mine own use invites me to cut down,
We must lay aside that lazy and fallacious And shortly must I fell it. Sbakspeare. method of censuring by the lump, and must
Certain hedgers dividing a close, chanced upon bring things close to the test of true or false. a great chest. Carew's Survey of Cornwall.
Burnet 3. The manner of shutting : in this and
Plant the spring crocuses close to a wall. the following sense it is pronounced as
Where'er my name I find, cloze.
Some dire misfortune follows close behind. Pope The doors of plank were; their close exquisite, 8. Approaching nearly ; joined one to Kept with a double key.
another. 4. The time of shutting up:
Now sit we close about this taper here,
And call in question our necessities. Sbaksp
9. Narrow : as, a close alley. 5. A grapple in wrestling. The king went of purpose into the North ;
10. Admitting small distance. Laying an open side unto Perkin to make him
Short crooked swords in closer fight they wear. come to the close, and so to trip up his heels,
Dryden having made sure in Kent beforehand. · Bacon. 11. Undiscovered ; without any token by Both fillid with dust, but starting up, the third which one may be found. close they had made,
Close observe him, for the sake of mockery. Had not Achilles' self stood up. Chapman. Close, in the name of jesting! lie you there. 6. Pause ; cessation ; rest.
Sbakspeare. The air, such pleasure loth to lose,
12. Hidden ; secret; not revealed. With thousand echoes still prolongs each heav'nly A close intent at last to shew me grace. close. Milton.
Spenser. At ev'ry close she made, th' attending throng Some spagyrists, that keep their best things Replied, and bore the burden of the song. Dryd. close, will do more to vindicate their art, or op7. A conclusion or end.
pose their antagonists, than to gratify ths curious, Speedy death, or benefit mankind.
Boyle. The close of all my miseries, and the balm. 13. Having the quality of secrecy; trusty.
Constant you are, Thro' Syria, Persia, Greece, she goes;
But yet a woman; and for secrecy, And takes the Romans in the close. Prior. No lady closer.
Sbakspeare. CLOSE. adj. [from the verb.]
14. Having an appearance of conceal1. Shut fast, so as to leave no part open :
ment; cloudy; sly.
That close aspect of his as, a close box, a close house.
Does shew the mood of a much troubled breast. We suppose this bag to be tied close about, towards the window. Wilkins.
Sbakspeare. 2. Having no vent; without inlet ; secret ;
15. Without wandering ; without devia
tion ; attentive. private; not to be seen through. Nor could his acts too close a vizard wear,
I discovered no way to keep our thoughts close
to their business, but, by frequent attention, To 'scape their eyes whom guilt had taught to fear.
Loske. getting the habit of attention. Dryden.
16. Full to the point; home. 3. Confined; stagnant; without ventila
I am engaging in a large dispute, where the tion,
arguments are not like to reach close on either if the rooms be low-roofed, or full of windows
Drydere and doors: the one maketh the air close, and not fresh; and the other maketh it exceeding 17. Retired ; solitary: unequal.
He kept himself close because of Saul. 1Cbros. Bacon's Natural History. 4. Compact ; solid ; dense; without in 18. Secluded from communication : as, a
close prisoner. terstices or vacuities.
The inward substance of the earth is of itself 19., Applied to the weather, dark; an uniform mass, close and compact. Burnet. cloudy ; not clear.
The golden globe being put into a press, CLOSE. adv. It has the same meanings which was driven by the extreme force of
with closely, and is not always easily screws, the water made itself way thro' the pores of that very close metal.
distinguished from the adjective. s. Viscous; glutinous ; not volatile. 1. Nearly; densely; secretly. This oil, which nourishes the lamp, is sup
He his sleep
Disturb'd not, waiting close th' approach of posed of so close and tenacious a substance, that
Milton it may slowly evaporate.
Behind her death 6. Concise ; brief ; compressed; without Close following pace for pace, not mounted yet exuberance or digression.
On his purple horse.
Milter, You lay your thoughts so close together, that, 2. It is used sometimes adverbially by were they closer, they would be crowded, and
itself, but more frequently in composieven a due connection would be wanting. Dryd.
tion. As, Where the original is close, no version can reach it in the same compass.
Dryden. CLOSE-BÀNDED. adj. In close order ; Readthese instructive leaves; in which conspire thick ranged; or secretly leagued, Fresnoy's close art, and Dryden's native fire. which seems rather the meaning in this
passage. 3. Joined without any intervening distance Nor in the house, with chamber ambushes or space, wbether of time or place. Close-banded, durst attack me.