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moon shines; I'll make a sop of the moonshine
The genius of Raphael having succeeded to the ignorance of the friar, and the barbarousness the times of barbarism and ignorance, the know of the Goths.
Temple ledge of painting is now arrived to perfection.
2. Impurity of language. Dryder's Dufresnoy, Preface. It is much degenerated, as touching the pure3. Brutality ; savageness of manners; in ness of speech; being overgrown with barbacivility.
Brerequood. Moderation ought to be had in tempering and
3. Cruelty. managing the Irish, to bring them from their The barbarousness of the trial, and the perdelight of licentious barbarism unto the love of suasives of the clergy, prevailed to antiquate it. goodness and civility. Spenser's Ireland.
Hale's Common Law. Divers great monarchies have rişen from bar- TO BA'RBECUE. v. a. A term used in the barismi to civility, and fallen again to ruin.
West Indies for dressing a hog whole;
Davies on Ireland. 4. Cruelty ; barbarity; unpitying hard
which, being split to the backbone, is ness of heart. Not in use.
laid flat upon a large gridiron, raised They must perforce have melted,
about two feet above a charcoal fire, And barbarism itself have pitied him. Shaksp.
with which it is surrounded. BARBA'RITY. n. s. [from barbarous.]
Oldfield, with more than harpy throat endued, 1. Savageness; incivility.
Cries, Send me, gods, a whole hog barbecued.
Pope. . Cruelty ; inhumanity.
BA'R BECUE.n. And they did treat him with all the rudeness,
n. 5. A hog drest whole, in reproach, and barbarity, imaginable. Clarendon. BAʼRBED. part. adj. (from To barbo]
the West Indian manner.
I. Furnished with armour.
His barbed steeds to stables. Sbakspeare.
Dryden. 2. Bearded ; jagged with hooks or points.
1. A kind of fish found in rivers, large and
Swift. BARBAROUS. adj. [barbare, Fr. Baza
strong, but coarse. Gun)
The barbel is so called, by reason of the barb
or wattels at his mouth, or under his chaps. 1. Stranger to civility ; savage; uncivil
Walton's Angler. ized.
2. Knots of superfluous fiesh growing up What need I say more to you? What ear is so in the channels of the mouth of a horse. barbarous but hath heard of Amphialus? Sidney.
BA'R BER. n. s. [from To barb.] A man
who shaves the beard. Thou art a Roman; be not barbarous. Sbaksp.
His chamber being stived with friends or He left governour, Philip, for his country a suitors, he gave his legs, arms, and breasts, to Phrygian, and for manners more barbarous than
his servants to dress; his head and face to his he that set him there.
barber, his eyes to his letters, and his ears to A barbarous country must be broken by war,
Wotton, before it be capable of government; and when
Thy boist'rous looks, subdued, if it be not well planted, it willeftsoons No worthy match for valour to assail,
return to barbarism. Davies on Ireland, But by the barber's razor best subdued. Miltere 2. Ignorant ; unacquainted with arts.
What system, Dick, has right averr'd They who restored painting in Germany, not
The cause why woman has no beard? having those reliques of antiquity, retained that In points like these we must agree, barbarous manner. Dryden.
Our barber knows as much as we. 3. Cruel ; inhuman.
To BA'R BER. v. a. (from the noun.] To By their barbarous usage, he died within a dress out; to powder. few days, to the grief of all that knew him.
Our courteous Antony,
Clarendon. Whom ne'er the word of No woman heard speak, BA'R BAROUSLY. adv. [from barbarous. ]
Being barber'd ten times o'er, goes to the feast. 1. Ignorantly; without knowledge or arts.
BARBER-CHIRURGEON. 1. s. A man who 2. In a manner contrary to the rules of joins the practice of surgery to the barspeech.
ber's trade; such as were all surgeons We barbarously call them blest,
formerly, but now it is used only for a While swelling coffers break their owners rest. low practiser of surgery.
Stepneys. 3. Cruelly ; inhumanly.
He put himself into barber-chirurgcons hands, But yet you barbarously murder'd him. Dryd.
who, by unfit applications, rarified the tumour.
Wiseman's Surgery She wishes it may prosper ; but her mother used one of her nieces very barbarously. Spectator.
BARBER-MONGER. 17. s. A word of reBARBAROUSNESS. 1. s. [from barba
proach in Shakspeare, which seems to rous. ]
signify a fop; a man decked out by his
barber. 1. Incivility of manners. ! Excellencies of musick and poetry are grown
Draw, you rogue; for though it be night, the to be little more but the one tiddling, and the sther rhiming; and are indeed very worthy of
of you; you whoreson, cullionly, barberemonger
Sbakspeare's King Lear.
C, ir Tary to that of Mr. Cowley.
BA'RBERRY. No so [berberis, Lat. or oxza- 10. Sometimes it has of before the thing canthus.] Pipperidge bush.
wanted or taken away: The species are, 1. The common barberry. Tempt not the brave and needy to despair ; 2. Bar erry without stones. The first of these For, tho'your violence should leave them bare sorts is very common in England, and often Of gold and silver, swords and darts remain. planted for hedges. Miller.
Dryden's Juvenal. Burberry is a plant that bears a fruit very use Making a law to reduce interest, will not raise ful in housewitury; that which beareth its fruit the price of land; it will only leave the country without stones is counted best. Mortimer. barer of money.
Locke Bak.. 1. solburda, Welsh.] A poct. To BAK. v. a. (from the adjective.] To
There is among the Irish a kind of people strip; to make bare or naked.
Spenser. which are had in high regard and estimation
There is a fabulous narration, that an herb among them.
Spenser on Ireland.
groweth in the likeness of a lamb, and feedeth And many vards that to the trembling chord
upon the grass, in such sort as it will bare the Can tune their timely voices cunningly. FairyQ.
grass round about.
Bacon's Natural Historg. The bard whotrst adoru'd our native tongue
Eriphyle here he found Tun'd to his Britist: iyre this ancient song, Baring her breast yet bleeding with the wound, Which Homer might without a blush rehearse.
Drşunho Dryden. He bar'd an ancient oak of all her boughs; BARE. adj. (banë, Sax. bar, Dan.)
Then on a rising ground the trunk he placa. 1. Nahed; without covering.
Dryden. The trees are are and naked, which use both
For virtue, when I point the pen,to coach and house the kern.
Bare the mean heart that lurks bencath a star; Then stretch'd her arins t'embrace the body Can there be wanting to defend her cause, bure;
Lights of the church, or guardians of the laws! Her clasping hands inclose but empty air. Dryd.
Pops. In the old Roman statues, these two parts BARE, or Bore. The preterit of To bear. were ai rays bare, and exposed to view as much BA'RE BONE. 1. s. [from bare and lone.] as our hands and face.
Lean, so that the bones appear. 2. Uncoverd in respect.
Here comes lean Jack, here comes barebone: Though the lords used to be covered whilst
how long is it ago, Jack, since thou sawest thy the commons were bare, yet the commons would
Sbakspeare's Herry iv. not be bare before the Scottish commissioners;
BAREFACED. adj. [from bare and face.} and so none were covered.
1. With the face naked; not masked. 3. Unadorned ; plain; simple ; without
Your French crowns have no hair at all, and ornament.
then you will play barefuced. Shakspeart. Yet was their manners then but bare and plains
2. Shameless ; unreserved; without conFor th’antique world excess and pride did hate.
ceament ; undisguised. A. Detected ; no longer concealed.
The animosities encreased, and the parties apThese false pretexts and varnish'd colours peared baref.ued against each other. Clarendore failing,
It is most certain, that harofaced bawdry is the Bare in thy guilt, how foul thou must appear! poorest pretence to wit imaginable. Dryden.
Milion. BARIFA'CEPLY. adv. [from barefaced.] 3. Poor; indigent ; wanting plenty. Openly; shamefully; without disguise.
Were it for the glory of God, that the clergy Though only some profligate wretches own it should be left as bare as the apostles, when they
too barefuced' y, yet, perhaps, we should hear bad neither staff nor scrip; God would, I hope, more, díi not fear tie people's tongties. Locke. endue them with the self-same affection.
BAREFACEDNESS. n. so [from burefaced.]
Hooker's Preface, Even from a bare treasury, my snceess has been
Effrontery; assurance; audaciousness. Dryden.
BAREFOOT: adj. (from bare and foot.} Mere; unaccompanied with usuai it Having no shoes. commendation.
Going to find a barefoot brother ont,
One of our order. It was a bare petition of a state
Sboksp. Romeo and Juict To one whom they had punished. Shakspeare. Ba'REFOOT. odv. Without shoes. Nor are men prevailed upon by bare words,
She must have a husband; only through a defect of knowledge; but carried Į must dance barefoot on her wedding-day. Sbel, with these puffs of wind, cootrary to knowledge.
Ambitious love hath so in me offended,
South. That barefoot plod I the cold ground upon 7. Threadbare ; much worn.
With sainted vow.
Shakspeare You have an exchequer of words, and no other
Envoys describe this holy man, with his Al. treasure for your followers; for it appears, by
caydes about him, standing barefoot, bowing is the earth.
Addison. their bare liveries, that they live by your bare words.
BAREFO'OTED. adj. Being without shoes. 8. Not united with any thing else.
He himself, with a rope about his neck, barta : A desire to draw all things to the determina.
fooien, came to offer himself to the discretion of
"Leonatus. zion of bare and naked Scripture, hash caused
Sidrry much pains to be taken in abating the credit of BAREGNA'wn. adj. [from bare and
gnawn.] Eaten bare. That which offendeth us, is the great disgrace
Know my name is lost, which they offer unto our custom of bare reading By treason's tooth baregrawn and cankerbit. the word of God.
Shakspeare's King Lear. Wanting clothes ; slenderly supplied BARERE'A DED.adi. [from bare and irad3 with clothes
Uncovered in respects
Hle, barebeaded, lower than his proud steed's made for manours, lands, c. also the transfere
ring the property of them from the bargainer to
Bacon. make a contract for the sale or purchase
of any thing : often with for before the
Henry is able to enrich his queen, 1. Nakedly.
And not to seek a queen to make him rich. 2. Poorly; indigently.
So worthless peasants bargain for their wives, 3. Without decoration.
As market men for oxen, sheep, or horse. Sbaks. 4. Merely; only; without any thing more. For those that are like to be in plenty, they
The external administration of his word, is as may be bargained for upon the ground. Bacon.
The thrifty state will bargain ere they fight.
It is possible the great duke may bergain for
the republick of Lucca, by the help of his great
Addison on Italy.
or she that accepts a bargain. See Bare
Locke. person who proffers, or makes a bargain.
BARGE. 1. so [bargie, Dutch, from barga,
The barge she sat in, like a burnish'd throne,
Plac'd in the gilded barge,
2. A sea commander's boat.
and gone ashore, that my ship should have set sail
3. A boat for burden.
BA'RGER. 1. s. (from barge.] The ma
nager of a barge. zaigne, Fr.]
Many wafarers make themselves glee, by a. A contract or agreement concerning the putting the inhabitants in mind of this privilege; sale of something
who again, like the Campellians in the north, and
Carenu's Survey of Cornwall.
1. The rind or covering of a tree.
Trees last according to the strength and quan, 2. The thing bought or sold; a purchase ;
tity of their sap and juice; being well munited the thing purchased.
by their bark against the injuries of the air.
Wand'ring in the dark,
Physicians for the tree have found the bark. Dryd.
2. A small ship. [from barca, low Lat.) greater learning into the bargain, than any at
The duke of Parma must have flown, if he school can do.
would have come into England; for he could 3. Stipulation ; interested dealing.
neither get bark nor mariner to put to sea. Bacon.
It was that fatal and pertidious bark,
Built in th’eclipse, and rigy'd with curses dark,
That sunk so low that sacred head of thine.
To Bar K. v. n. [beorcan, Saxon.]
when he threatens or pursues.
Sent before my time
Into this breathing world, scarce half made up,
And that so lamely and unfashionably.;.
That dogs bark at me. Sbakspeare's Richard III,
Why do your dogs bark so? be there bears i'th' 6. In law.
town? Sbalsp. Merry Wives of Winds.
In vain the herdman calls him back again,
into the stream.
2. To clamour at; to pursue with re BA'R LEYBRAKE. n. s. A kind of rural proaches.
play. Vile is the vengeance on the ashes cold, By neighbours prais'd she went abroad thereby, And envy base, to birk at sleeping fame. F.Queen. At barleybrake her sweet swift feet to try. Sidney. You dare patronage
BARM. n. s. [burn, Welsh; beor, Sax.] The envious barking of your saucy tongue Yeast; the ferment put into drink to Against my lord !
Sbakspeare. make it work ; and into bread, to To BARK. v. a. (from the noun.] To
lighten and swell it. strip trees of their bark.
Are you not he The severest penalties ought to be put upon That sometimes make the drink to bear no barm, barking any tree that is not felled. Temple. Mislead nignc-wand rers, laughing at their harm? These trees, after they are barked, and cut into
Shakspeare. strape, are tumbled down from the mountains Try the force of imagination upon staying the
working of beer, when the barm is put into it. BARK-BARED. adj. (from bark and bare.]
Bacon. Stripped of the bark.
BA'R MY. adj. [from barm.] Containing Excorticated and bark-bared trees may be pre barm; yeasty; served by nourishing up a shoot from the foot, or
Their jovial nights in frolicks and in play below the stripped placo, cutting the body of the They pass, to drive the tedious hours away; tree, sloping off a little above the shoot, and it And their cold stomachs with crown'd goblets will heal, and be covered with bark. Mortimer.
cheer BA'RKER. n. s. [from bark.]
Of windy cider, and of bermy beer, Dryden. 1. One that barks or clamours.
BARN. n. s. [bern, Sax.] A place or house What bath he done more than a base cur? for laying up any sort of grain, hay, or barked and made a noise ? had a fool or two to straw. spit in his mouth? But they are rather enemies In vain the barns expect their promis'd load; of my fame than me, these barkers. Ben Jonson. Nor barns at home, nor reeks are heap'd abroad.
Dryden. 9. [from bark of trees.] One that is em
I took notice of the make of barns here: hayployed in stripping trees.
ing laid a frame of wood, they place, at the four BARKY. adj. (from bark.] Consisting of
corners, four blocks, in such a shape as neither bark; containing bark.
mice nor vermin can creep up. Addison Ivy so enrings the barky fingers of the elm. BARNACLE. 1. s. (probably of beann,
Sbakspeare. Sax. a child, and aac, Sax. an oak.] BARLEY. n. s. (derived by Yunius from I. A kind of shellfish, that grows upon
72, bordeum.] A grain of which malt timber that lies in the sea. is made.
2. A bird like a goose, fabulously supposed It hach a thick spike; the calyx, husk, awn, to grow on trees. and flower, are like those of wheat or rye, but
It is beyond even an atheist's credulity and imthe awns are rough; the seed is swelling in the pudence, to aifirm that the first men might grow middle, and, for the most part, ends in a sharp upon trees, as the story goes about barnacles; or point, to which the husks are closely united. might be the lice of some vast prodigious aniThe species are, 1. Common long-eared barley. mals, whose species is now extinct.
Bentley. 2. Winter or square barley, by some called big. And from the most refin'd of saints S. Sprat barley or battledoor-barley. All these As naturally grow miscreants, sorts of barley are sown in the spring of the year, As barnacles turn Soland geese in a dry time. In some very dry light land, the In th' islands of the Orcades. Hudibrasa barley is sown early in March; but in strong 3. An instrument made commonly of iron clayey soils it is not sown till April. The square
for the use of farriers, to hold a horse barley or big is chiefly cultivated in the north
by the nose, to hinder him from strugof England, and in Scotland; and is hardier than the other sorts.
Miller, gling when an incision is made. Barley is emollient, moistening, and expecto
Farrier's Dict. rating; barlry was chosen by Hippocrates as a BAROʻMETER. 1. s. [from Beeg, weight, proper food in inflammatory distempers.
and péra, measure.) A machine for Arbuthnot on Aliments.
measuring the weight of the atmosphere, BARLEY BROTH. n. s. [from barley and
and the variations in it, in order chicily brotb.] A low word sometimes used for
to determine the changes of the weastrong beer.
ther. It differs from the baroscope, Can sodden water, A drench for surreyn'd jades, their barley broth, which only shows that the air is heavier Decoct their cold blood to such valiant heat? at one time than another, without speci.
Sbakspeare. fying the difference. The barometer is BARLEY CORN. n. s. [from barley and founded upon the Torricellian experi
corn.) A grain of barley; the beginning ment, so called from Torricelli, the inof our measure of length; the third part ventor of it, at Florence, in 1643. It of an inch.
is a glass tube filled with mercury, herA long, long journey, chonk'd with breaks
metically sealed at one end ; the other and thorns, Till measur'd by ten thousand barley-corns. Tic kell.
open, and immerged in a basin of stagBARLEY MÓW: 1. s. [from barley and
nant mercury: so that, as the weight
of the atmosphere diminishes, the mer. mow.) The place where reaped barley is stowed up.
cury in the tube will descend, and, as it Whenever by yon barley mon ! pass,
increases, the mercury will ascend ; the Before my eyes will trip the tidy lass. Gay, column of mercury suspended in thotube
could only be changed by the contents; where
being always equal to the weight of the baronies annexed to their bishopricks, have a
ways had place in the upper house of parliametit,
2. Baron is an officer, as barons of the ex.
the king and his subjects, in causes of
justice belonging to the exchequer.
Hastings, Winchelsea, Rye, Rumney,
Hithe, Dover, and Sandwich, inat have
places in the lower house of parliament. one half, the guavity of the atmosphere varying
Cowell. one tenth, which are its utmost limits; su ihat
They that bear the exact specifick grarity of the air can be de
The cloth of state above, are four barons termined when the barometer stands at thirty
Of the cinque ports.
loins are not cut asunder, but joined
together by the end of the backbone.
BA'RONAGE. n. s. [from baron.]
His charters of the liberties of England, and these significations, Menage derives ba
of the forest, were hardly, and with difficulty, ron, as a term of military clignity. Others
gained by his baronage at Staines, A. D. 1915.
2. The dignity of a baron.
3. The land which gives title to a baron.
BA'RONESS. n. s. [baronessa, Ital. baro-
the knights of the garter. It was first
founded by king James I. in 1611.
ing passage, that the term was in use be-
fore, though in another sense.
King Edward III. being bearded and crossed house." But when, by experience, it appeared
by the clergy, was advised to direct out his writs that the parliament was too much crowded with
to certain gentlemen of the best abilities, ensuch multitudes, it became a custom, that none
titling them therein barons in the next parlizshould come but such as the king, for their ex
ment. By which means he had so many barons traordinary wisdom or quality, thought good to
in his parliament, as were able to weigh downt call by writ; which writ ran bac vice tantum.
the clergy; which barons were not afterwards
lords, but baronets, as sundry of them do yet re-
BA'RONY. n. s. (baronxie, Fr. beojiny,
Sax.] The honour or lordship that gives
title to a baron. Such are not only the
fęes of temporal barons, but of bishops
BA'ROSCOPE. 14. s. [Rápo' and cushiw. An
instrument to show the weight of the barons by letters patent, and that they may be
atmosphere. See BAROMETER.
If there was always a calm, the equilibrium
the winds are not variable, the alterations of the
baroscope are very small. now justly also be called barons by prescrip
BA'RRACAN. 11. s. [bouracan, tion; for that they have continued' Larons, in
can, French.] A strong thick kind of
But it appears by the follow
Arbutbest. or barra.