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can discern but few steps afore me. Brerewood

Ah! my dear gossip, answer'd then the ape, perpetual servant, should, for a visible token Deeply do your sad words my wits arbape, thereof, have also his ear bored through with an Both for because your grief duth great appear, awl.

And eke because myself am touched near.

You may likewise prick many holes, with an
Hubberd's Tale.

awl, about a joint that will lie in the earth. AWHI':E. adv. [This word, generally re

Mortimer's Husbandry, puted an adverb, is only a while, that is, A'WLESS. adj. [from ace, and the negaa time, an interval.] Some time; some tive less.]

1. Wanting reverence ; void of respectful Stay, stay, I say;

fear. And if you love me, as you say you do,

Against whose fury, and th’unmatched force, Let me persuade you to forbear a while. Shaks. The anuless lion could not wage the tigbi. Sbakso Into this wild abyss the wary fiend

He claims the bull with awless insolence, Stood on the brink of hell, and look'd awhile, And, having seiz'd his horns, accosts the prince. Pond'ring his voyage. Milion's Par. Lost.

Dryden. Awk. adj. [A varbarous contraction of 2. Wanting the power of causing rever.

the word awkward.] Oud; out of order.

Ah me! I see the ruin of my house ; We have heard as arrant ja:gling in the pul The tyger now hath seiz'd the gentle hind; pits, as the steeples; and professors ringing as Insulting tyranny begins to jut aruk as the bells to give notice of the confiagra- , Upon the innocent and awless throne. Shalsp. tion.

L'Estrenge. 'AWME, or AUME. N. s. A Dutch incaA'WKWARD. adj. (æpand, Saxon; that is, sure of capacity for liquids, containing backward, untoward.]

cight steckaus, or twenty verges or verI. Inelegant; unpolite ; untaught ; un teels; answering to what in England is genteel.

called a tierce, or one-sixth of a ton of Proud Italy,

France, or one-seventh of an English Whose manners still our tardy apish nation


Arbuthnot. Limps after, in base awkward imitation. Sbaks. Awn. n. s. (arista, Lat.] The beard

Their own language is worthy their care; and they are judged of by their handsome or awkward

growing out of the corn or grass.

Cbambers. way of expressing themselves in it. Locke. An awkward shame, or fear of ill usage, has

A’wning. 1. s. A cover spread over a boat a share in this conduct.


or vessel, to keep off the weather. 2. Unready ; unlandy; not dexterous; Of these boards I made an awning over me.

Robinson Crusor. clumsy. Slow to resolve, but in performance quick;

Awoke. The preterit of awake. So true, that he was awkward at a trick. Dryd.

And she said, the Philistines be upon thee, 3. Perverse ; untoward.

Sampson. And he awoke out of his sleep.
A kind and constant friend
To all that regularly offend;

Awo'r K. adv. [from a and work.] On
But was implacable and awkward

work; into a state of labour ; into To all that interlop'd and hawker'd. Hudibras. action. A'WKWARDLY. adv. [from owkward.]

So after Pyrrhus' pause, Clumsily, unreadily ; inelegan ly ; un

Aroused vengeance sets him new awork. Sbak, gainly.

By prescribing the condition, it sets us arvore Damctas nodding from the vraste upwards, and

to the performances of it, and chat by living well

. swearing he never knew a man go more azokwardly to work.


AwO'R KING. adj. [from awork.] Into the When any thing is done azulzvardly, the com state of working mon saying will pass upon then, that it is suitable to their breeding.

Long they thus travelled, yet never met

Locke. Adventure which might them zworking, set: If any pretty creature is void of genius, and would perform her part but awkwardiy, I must Awry'. adv. [from a and wry.] nevertheless insist upon her working. Addison. She still renews the ancieni scene;

1. Not in a straight direction ; obliquely; Forgets the forty years between;

But her sad eyes, still fast'ned on the ground, Awkwardly, gay, and oddly merry;

Are governed with goodly modesty;
Her scarf pale pink, her head-knot cherry. Prior.

That suffers not one look to glance awry,
If a man beta ght to hold his penaukwardly,


let in a little thought unsound.

yet writes sufficiently well, it is not worth while
to teach him the accurate methods of handling

Like perspectives, which rightly gaz'd upon, that instrument. Wuits’Improveinent of the Mind.

Shew nothing but confusion;

eyed awry, A'WKWARDNESS. n. s. (from arukward.]

Distinguish form.

A violent cross wind, from either coast, Inelegance ; want of gentility; odd. Blowsthem transverse,tenthousand leagues awury ness ; unsuitableness.

Into the devious air.

Milton. One may observe 'awkwardness in the Italians, which easily discovers their airs 'not to be na

2 Asquint ; with oblique vision.

You know the king tural.

All his airs of behaviour have a certain awé-

With jealous eyes has look'd awry wardness in them; but these awkward airs are

On his son's actions. worn away in company.


3. Not in the right or true direction, AWL. n. s. [æle, ale, Sax.] A pointed in

I hap to step awry, where I see no path, and strument to bore holes. He which was minded to thake himself a

4. Not equally between two points ; un.


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Denbam's Sopby.


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the armpit.


Not tyrants fierce that unrepenting dye,

The dy sat upon the axle-tree of the chariot Not Cynthia when her manteau 's pinn'd awry,

wheel, and said, What a dust do I raise! Bacon. Fas Ere felt such rage.


And the gilded car of day 5. Not according to right reason; per

His glowing axle doch allay versely.

In the steep Atlantick stream.


He saw a greater sun appear, All awry, and which wried it to the most wry the course of all, wit abused, rather to feign reason

Than his bright throne or burning axle-tree could bear.

Milton's Christ's Nativity. why it should be amiss, than how it should be amended.


Av. adv. (perhaps from aio, Lat.]
Much of the soul they talk, but all awry,

1. Yes; an adverb of answering affirma.
And in themselves seek virtue, and to them tively.

Return you thither?

All glory arrogate, to God give none. Milton. -Ay, madam, with the swiftest wing of speed. Axe.n.s. (eax, acse, Sax.ascia, Lat.) An

Sbakspeare. instrument consisting of a metal head,

What say'st thou? Wilt thou be of our conwith a sharp edge, fixed in a helve or

sort? Say ay, and be the captain of us all. Shak. handle, to cut with.

2. It is a word by which the sense is enNo metal can,

forced; even; yes, certainly; and more No, not the hangman's axe, bear half the keen

than that.

Remember it, and let it make thee creste Of thy sharp envy.


There stood a forest on the mountain's brow, Ay, and allay this thy abortive pride. Shakspeare.
Which overlook'd the shaded plains below; Aye. odv. (apa, Saxon.] Always ; to
No sounding axe presun'd these trees to bite,
Coeval with the world, a venerable sight. Dryd.

eternity; for ever. It is now rarely
AXI'LLA. n. s.
[axilla, Lat.] The cavity

used, and only in poetry. under the upper part of the called


And now in darksome dungeon, wretched

thrall, Quincy.

Remedyless for ayo he doth him hold. F. Qucen.
Axi'lLAR. adj. [from axilla, Lat.]

Either prepare to die,
A'XILLARY. $ Belonging to the armpit.

Or on Diana's altar to protest,
Axillary artery is distributed unto the hand; For aye, austerity and single life. Sbakspeare.
below the cubit, it divideth into two parts.

The soul, though made in time, survives for Brown.

aye; A'XTOM. . s. [axioma, Lat., from And, though it hath beginning, sees no entl. citrów.]

Sir y. Davies. 1. A proposition evident at first sight,

And hears the muses, in a ring, that cannot be made plainer by demon

Aye round about Jove's aitars sing. Milton. stration,

Th' astonisi'd mariners are ply the
Axioms, or principles more general, are such

No stay, nor rest, till the wide breach

Pliip's. as this, that the greater good is to be chosen before the lesser.

A'YGREEN. N. s. The same with Louse

2. An established principle to be granted A'vry.n. s. The nest of the haizki


Dict. without new proof. The axioms of that law, whereby natural

I should discourse on the brancher, the haggard, agents are guided, have their use in the moral,

and then treat of their several ayrirs.

Walton's Angler.
Their affirmations are no axioms; we esteem A'ZIMUTH. n. s. [Arab.]
thereof as things unsaid, and account them buç 1. The azimuth of the sun, or of a star, ie

A'xis. n. s. [axis, Lat.] The line real or

an arch between the meridian of the
imaginary that passes
through any thing,

place, and any given vertical line. on which it may revolve.

2. Magnetical Azimuth, is an arch of the But since they say our earth, from morn to

horizon contained between the sun's

azimuth circle and the magnetical meOn its own axis is oblig'd to turn; That swift rotation must disperse in air

ridian ; or it is the apparent distance of All things which on the rapid orb

the sun from the north or south point appear.

of the compass.

It might annually have compassed the sun,

3. szimuth Compass, is an instrument used and yet never have once turned upon its axis.

at sea for finding the sun's magnetic On their own axis as the planets run,



4. Azimuth Dial, is a dial whose stile or And make at once their circle round the sun; So two consistent motions act the soul,

gnomon is at right angles to the plane of And one regards itself, and one the whole. Pope.

the horizon.
A’XLE-TREE.Š pin which passes through
? n. s. [axis, Lat.] The

5. Azimuths, called also vertical circles,

are great circles intersecting cach cilier the midst of the wheel, on which the

in the zenith and nacir, and cutting circumvolutions of the wheel are per.

the horizon at right angles, in all the formed.

points hercof.

Clanders Venerable Nestor

AZURE. adj. [rizur, Fr. azerra, Spai. Should with a bond of air, strong as the axle-tree

Inzur, Arab. from loculi, a blue stone.) On which heav'n rides, knit all the Grecian

Blue; faint blue.

Like pomels round of marble clear, sqakspeare. Where azur's veins weil mixt aprear. Siuron.

in list of nothing.




To his experienc'd tongue.

The blue of the first order, though very faint and little, may be the colour of some substance; and the azure colour of the skies seems to be chis order,


Thus replies
Minerva, graceful with her azure eyes. Popes

The sea,
Far through his azure turbulent domain,
Your empire owns,



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The babble, impertinence, and folly, I have


taken notice of in disputes. alphabet, is pronounced, as in most other European languages, by pressing BA'BBLEMENT. n.s. [from babble.] Sensethe whole length of the lips together,

less prate; empty words. and forcing them open with a strong

Deluded all this while with ragged notions and

babblements, while they expected worthy and debreath. It has a near affinity with the lightful knowledge.

Milten. other labial letters, and is confounded BABBLER. 1. s. [from babble.) by the Germans with p, and by the 1. An idle talker; an irrational prattler. Gascons with v; from which an epi. We hold our time too precious to be spent grammatist remarks, that bibere and With such a babbler.

Sbalspeare vivere are in Gascony the same. The

The apostle had no sooner proposed it to the Spaniards, in most words, use b or v in

masters at Athens, but he himself was ridiculed differently.

as a babbler.


2. A teller of secrets. BAA. n. s. (See the verb.] The

of a

Utterers of secrets he from thence debarr'd; sheep.

Babblers of folly, and blazers of crime. F. Queer. -Therefore thou art a sheep.

Great babblers, or talkers, are not fit for trust. Such another proof would made me cry baa.

L'Estrange. Sbakspeare. BABE. n. s. [baban, Welsh ; baobaerd, TO BAA. v. n. (balo, Lat.] To cry like a Dutch; bambino, Italian.] An infant ; sheep.

a child of either sex. Or like a lamb whose dam away is fet,

Those that do teach your babes He treble baas for help, but none can get. Sidney.

Do it with gentle means, and easy tasks: To BA'BBLE. V. n. [babbelen, Germ. ba. .

He might have chid me so; for, in good faith, biller, Fr.]

I am a child to chiding.


Nor shall Sebastian's formidable name 1. To prattle like a child ; to prate im

- Be longer us'd to lull the crying babe. Dryder. perfectly.

The babe had all that infant care beguiles, My babbling praises I repeat no more,

And early knew his mother in her smiles. Drid. But hear, rejoice, stand silent, and adore. Prior. BA'BERY. n. s. [from babe.] 2. To talk idly, or irrationally.' John had conned over a catalogue of hard

please a babe or child.

So have I seen trim books in velvet dight, words; these he used to babble indifferently in all

With golden leaves and painted babery companies.

Let the silent sanctuary show,

Of seely boys, please unacquainted sight. Sidary.

BA'BISH. What from the babbling schools we may not know.

1. adj. [from babe.) Childish.

If he be bashful, and will soon blush, they call

Prior, him a babish and ill brought up thing. Ascbam, 3. To talk thoughtlessly ; to te!! secrets.

BA BO'ON.n. s. [babouin, Fr. It is supposed There is more danger in a reserved and silent friend, than in a noisy babbling enemy. L'Estr.

by Skinner to be the augmentation of A. To talk much.

babe, and to import a great babe.) A The babbling echo mocks the hounds,

monkey of the largest kind. Replying shrilly to the well tun'd horns,

You had looked through thegrate like a geminy As if a double hunt were heard at once. Sbaks.

of baboons.

Sbakspeare. And had I pow'r to give that knowledge birth,

He cast every human feature out of his counIn all the speeches of the babbling earth. Prior.

tenance, and became a baloon. The babbling echo had descry'd his face;

BABY no s. (See Babe.] She who in others' words her silence breaks. *I. A child; an infant.

Addison. The baby beats the nurse, and quiet athwart BA'BBLE. 1. s. [batil, Fr.] Idle talk; Goes all decorum. senseless prattle.

The child must have sugar plums, rather than This babble shall not henceforth trouble me;

make the poor baby cry: Here is a coil with protestation. Sbakspeare.

He must marry, and propagate : 'the father Come, no more;

cannot stay for the portion, nor the mother for This is mere moral babble.


babes to play with. With vollies of eternal babble,

2. A small image in imitation of a child, And clamour more unanswerable. Hudibras. which girls play with.

Finery to





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The archduke saw that Perkin would prove &

your honour, in behalf a
runagate, and it was the part of children to fall Martinus Scriblerus, bachelor of physic.
out about babies.

Martinus Scriblerus,
Since no image can represent the great 3. A knight of the lowest order. This is
Creator, never think to honour him by your a sense now little used.
foolish puppets, and babies of dirt and clay. BA'CHELORSHIP. N. s. [from bachelor.]

Stilling fleet.

The condition of a bachelor.
Ba'ccaTED. adj. [baccatus, Lat.) Beset Her mother, living yet, can testify

with pearls ; having many berries. Dict. She was the first fruit of my bachdorsbip. Shaks.
BACCHANA’LIAN. n. s. [from bacchana- BACK. n. s. [bac, bæc, Saxon ; bach,

lia, Lat.) A riotous person; a drunkard. German.]
BA'CCHANALS. n. s. (bacchanalia, Lat.] 1. The hinder part of the body, from the

The drunken feasts and revels of Bac. neck to the thighs.
chus, the god of wine.

Part following enter, part remain without,
Ha, my brave emperor, shall we dance notv

And mount on others backs in hopes to share. the Egyptian bacchanals, and celebrate our drink?

Sbakspeare. 2. The outer part of the hand when it is
What wild fury was there in the heathen bac shut: opposed to the palm.
cbanals, which we have not seen equalled?

Methought love pitying me, when he saw this,
Decay of Piety.

Gave me your hands, the backs and palms to Both extremes were banish'd from their walls;


Donne. Carthusian fasts, and fulsome bacchanals. Pope. 3. The outward part of the body ; that BA'CCHUS BOLE. N. s. A Rower not tall, which requires clothes: opposed to the but very full and broad-leaved.


Mortimer. Those who, by their ancestors, have been set BACCI'FEROUS. adj. [from bacca, a berry,

free from a constant drudgery to their backs and and fero, to bear, Lat.) Berry-bearing.

their bellies, should bestow some time on their heads.

Locke, Bacciferous trees are of four kinds. 1. Such as bear a caliculate or naked berry; the flower and

4. The rear: opposed to the van. calix both falling off together, and leaving the He might conclude, that Walter would be upberry bare; as the sassafras trees. 2. Such as on the king's back, as his majesty was upon his. have a naked monospermous fruit, that is, con

Clarendon. taining in it only one seed; as the arbutes. 3. 5. The place behind. Such as have but polyspermous fruit, that is, As the voice goeth round, as well towards the containing two or more kernels or seeds within back as towards the front of him that speakech, it; as the jesminum, ligustrum. 4. Such as so does the echo: for you have many

back echoes have their fruit composed of many acini, or to the place where


Bacon. round soft balls set close together like a bunch of Antheus, Sergestus grave, Cleanthus strong, grapes; as the uva marina,


And at their backs a mighty Trojan throng. Dryd. BACCI'vorous. adj. (from bacca, a berry, 6. The part of any thing out of sight. and voro, to devour, Lat.] Devouring

Trees set upon the backs of chimnies do ripen fruit sooner.

Bacon's Natural History. berries.


7. The thick part of any tool opposed to BACHELOR. n. s. [A word of very uncer the edge; as the back of a knife or

tain etymology, it not being well known sword: whence backsword, or sword
what was its original sense. Junius with a back; as,
derives it from Faundo, foolish ; Me Bull dreaded not old Lewis either at backsworth
nage from bas chevalier, a knight of the single faulchion, or cudgel-play. Arbuthnot.
Jowest rank ; Spelman, from baculus, a

8. To turn the back on one; to forsake,
staff; Cujas, from buccella, an allow him, or neglect him.
ance of provision. The most probable

At the hour of death, all friendships of the derivation seems to be from baccalaurus,

world bid him adieu, and the whole creation the berry of a laurel or bay ; bachelor's

turns its back upon him.

Soulb. being young, are of good hopes, like 9. To turn the back; to go away; to be laurels' in the berry.

not within the reach of taking cogniDr. Lawrence

zance. observed, that Menage's etymology is His back was no sooner turned, but they remuch confirmed by the practice in our turned to their former rebellion. Sir J. Davies. universities of calling a Bachelor, Sir. Back. adv. [from the noun.] In Latin, baccalaureus.]

1. To the place from which one came.
1. A man unmarried.

Back you shall not to the house, unless
Such separation

You undertake that with me. Sbakspeare.
Becomes a virtuous bachelor and a maid. Sbaks. He sent many to seek the ship Argo, threaten-

The haunting of dissolute places, or resort to ing that if they brought not back Mcdea, they courtesans, are no more punished in married should suffer in her stead.

Raleigh. men than in bacbelors.

Bacon. Where they arc, and why they came not bark, A true painter naturally delights in the liberty Is now the labour of my thoughts. Milton. which belongs to the bachelor's estate. Dryden.

Back to thy native island night'st thou sail, Let sinful bachelors their woes deplore;

And leave half-heard the melancholy tale. Popa Full well they merit all they feel, and more.

2. Backward; as retreating from the

prePope. 2. A man who takes his first degrees at

sent station.

I've been surpriz'd in an unguarded hour, the university in any profession.

But must not now go back; the love, that lay
Being a boy, new bachelor of arts, I chanced Half smother'd in my breast, has broke thro' all


Assban, Its weak restraints,

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side of the speculum, the glass would cause the

3. Behind ; not coming forward.

better than a penny in purse. Use his mer well, I thought to promote thee unto great honour; Davy, for they are arrant knaves, and will backbut lo the Lord hath kept thee back from honour.


Numbers. BA'CKBITER. n. s. [from backbite.] A
Constrain the glebe, keep back the hurtful privy calumniator; a censurer of the


absent., Toward things past.

No body is bound to look upon his backbiter, I had always a curiosity to look back unto the or his underminer, his betrayer, or his oppressor, sources of things, and to view in my mind the be. as his friend.

ginning and progress of a rising world. Burnci.

BA'CKBONE. n. s. [from back and bone.]
Again ; in return.

The bone of the back.
The lady 's mad; yet if 't were so,

The backbone should be divided into many
She could not sway her house, command her

vertebres for commodious bending, and not to

be one entire rigid bone.

Take and give back affairs, and their dispatch,
With such a smooth, discreet, and stable bearing. BACKCARRY. Having on the back.


Manwood, in his forest laws, noteth it for ons

of the four circumstances, or cases, wherein a
6. Again ; a second time.
This Cæsar found, and that ungrateful age,

forester may arrest an offender against vert or

venison in the forest, viz. stable-stand, doga With losing him, went back to blood and rage.

draw, backcarry, and bloody-hari.

The epistles being written from ladies forsaken

BA'CKDOOR. N. s. [from back and door.]
by their lovers, many thoughts came back upon

The door behind the house ; privy
us in divers letters.

Dryden. passage.
To BACK. v. a: [from the noun.]

The procession durst not return by the way it
į. To mount on the back of a horse.

came; but, after the devotion of the monks, That roan shall be my throne.

passed out at a backdoor of the convent. Addisa
Well, I will back him strait. O Esperance !

Popery, which is so far 'shut out as not to re-
Bid Butler lead him forth into the park.,

enter openly, is stealing in by the bacidoer of

2. To break a horse; to train him to bear BA'CKED. adj. [from back.] Having a

upon his back.
Direct us how to back the winged horse;

Favour his flight, and moderate his course.

Sharp-headed, barrel-bellied, broadly back'd.

3. To place upon the back.

BA'CK FRIEND. 1. s. [from back and
As I slept, methought

friend.] A friend backward, that is,
Great Jupiter, upon his eagle back'd,

an enemy in secret. Appear'd to me.

Shakspeare. Set the restless importunities of talebearers . To maintain ; to strengthen ; to sup

and backfriends against fairwords and professions.

port; to defend.
Belike he means,

Far is our church from incroaching upon the
Back’d by the pow'r of Warwick, that false

civil power; as some, who are backfriends to

peer, T'aspire unto the crown. Shakspeare.

botà, would maliciously insinuate.
You are strait enough in the shoulders, you

BACKGAMMON. n.'s. [from bach
care not who sees your back: call you that back mon, Welsh, a little battle.] A play or
ing of your friends? a plague upon such backing?

game at tables, with box and dice.
give me them that will face me. Sbakspeare.
These were seconded by certain demilaunces,

In what esteem are you with the vicar of the

parish? can you play with him at backgammon?
and both backed by men at arms. Hayward.

Did they not swear, in express words,

Ba'CKHOUSE. n. s. [from back and house.)
To prop and back the house of lords?
And after turn'd out the whole houseful.

The buildings behind the chief part of

the house.
A great malice, backed with a great interest,

Their backbouses, of more necessary than clean. can have no advantage of a man, but from his

ly service, as kitchens, stables, are climbed up

Caretu. expectations of something without himself. South.

unto by steps. How shall we treat this bold aspiring man?

BA'CK PIECE. n. s. [from back and pieces

] Success still follows him, and backs his crimes. The piece of armour which covers the

Addison. back.
5. To justify; to support.

The morning that he was to join battle, his
The patrons of the ternary number of prin-
ciples, and those that would have five elements,

armourer put on his backpiece before, and his
endeavour to back their experiments with a spe-

BA'CKROOM. n. s. (from back and room.)
cious reason.

We have I know not how many adages to back

A room behind ; not in the front.
the reason of this moral.

If you have a fair prospect backwards of garo 6. To second.

dens, it may be convenient to make backrepas Factious, and fav'ring this or t' other side,

the larger.
Their wagers back their wishes.

BACKSIDE. n. s. [from back and side.]
TO BACK BITE. v. a. [from back and


1. The hinder part of any thing.
bite.] To censure or reproach the ab-

If the quicksilver were rubbed from the backo
Most untruly and maliciously do these evil

same rings of colours, but more faint; the pha-
tongues backbite and slander the sacred ashes of

nomena depend not upon the quicksilver, unless

so far as it encreases the reflection of the backside Spenser.

of the glass. I will use him well; a friend i' th' court is

2. The hind part of an animal.


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