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2. A person employed to take an account All those great battles, which thou boasts te ultimately.
win If you suspect my husbandry,
Through strife and bloodshed, and avengement
Now praised, hereafter, thou shall repent. Fai.Q.
1 Tbess. 4. In the state.
Ere this he had return'd, with fury driv'n A king's officer, who, yearly examining the
By his avengers ; since no place like this accounts of all under-otlicers accountable, makes Can tit his punishment, or their revenge. Milt. up a general book.
Cowell. 2. Revenge; taker of vengeance for. A'UDITORY. adj. [nuditorius, Lat.] That The just avenger of his injured ancestors, the has the power of bearing.
victorious Louis, was darting his thunder. Drycle Is not hearing performed by the vibrations of
But just discase to luxury succeeds, some medium, excited in the auditory nerves by
And ev'ry death its own avenger breeds. Pope. the tremours of the air, and propagated through
AV'ENGERESS. n. s. [froin avenger.] A the capillaments of those nerves? Newton. female avenger. Not in use. AUDITORY. 1. s. [auditorium, Lat.]
There that cruel queen avengeress I. An audience; a collection of
Heap on her new waves of weary wretchedness. assembled to licar.
Fairy Queens Demades never troubled his head to bring his Alvens. n. s. (caryophyllata, Lat.] The auditory to their wits by dry reason. L'Estrange.
Miller. Met in the church, I look upon you as an AVE'NTUR E. 1. s. (atenture, Fr.] A misauditory fit to be waited on, as you are, by both universities.
chance, causing a man's death, withSeveral of this auditory were, perhaps, entire
out felony; as when he is suddeniy strangers to the person whose death we now la drowned, or burnt, by any sudden
Atterbury. disease falling into the fire or water. 2. A place where lectures are to be heard. See ADVENTURE.
times pronounced with the accent on Delighted, or not capable her ear
the second syllable, as I'atts observes; Of what was high: such pleasure she reservod,
but has it generally placed on the first ] Adam relating, she sole auditress. Milton.' 1. A way by which any place may be enA'VE MARY. n. s. [from the first words of tered.
the salntation to the blessed Virgin, Good guards were set up at all the venues of Ave Maria.] A form of worship re the city, to keep all people from going out.
Clarendon. peated by the Romanists in honour of the Virgin Mary.
Truth is a strong hold, and diligence is laying All his mind is bept on holiness,
siege to it: so that it must observe all the avenues To number Ave Maries on his beads. Sbaksp.
2. An alley, or walk of trees, before a away.
house. The beaver in chase makes some divulsion of TO AVE'R. v.a. (averer, Fr. from veruma parts, yet are not these parts avelled to be termed testicles.
truth, Lat.) To declare positively, or
Brown. AVENAGE. n. s. [of avena, oats, Lat.] A
peremptorily. certain quantity of oats paid to a land
The reason of the thing is clear;
That reason guides our deed, and instinct theirs. TO AVENGE. v. a. (venger, Fr.]
How can we justly diff'rent causes frame, 1. To revenge.
When the effects entirely are the same? Prior.
We inay aver, though the power of God They stood against their enemies, and were be infinite, the capacities of matter are within evenged of their adversaries.
A'VERAGE.n. s. (averagium, Lat.] house of Jehu.
Hosea. 1. In law, that duty or service which the 2. To punish.
tenant is to pay to the king, or other Till Jove, no longer patient, took his time, T' avenge with thunder your audacious crime.
lord, by his beasts and carriages.
Dryden. AVE'NGEANCE. n. so [from avenge.] Pu
2. In navigation, a certain contribution that nishment.
merchants proportionably make towards This neglected, fear
the losses of such as have their goods Signal avengeance, such as overtook A miser.
cast overboard for the safety of the ship
Philips. AVE'NGEMENT. n. s. [from avenge.]
in a tempest; and this contribution
seems Vengeance; revenge.
so called, because it is proThat he might work th' avengement for his
portioned after the rate of every man's, shame
average of goods carried. On those two caitives, which had bred him
3. A small duty which merchants, who blame,
send goods in another man's ship, pay
to the master thereof, for his care of Diodorus tells us of one Charondos, who was them, over and above the freight.
averse to all innovation, especially when it was Chambers.
to proceed from particular persons. Swift.
AVE'RSELY. adv. [from averse.] 4. A medium ; a mean proportioli. AVE'RMENT. n. s. [from aver.]
2. Backwardly. 1. Establishment of any thing by evidence.
Not only they want those parts of secretion, To avoid the oath, for averment of the con
but it is emitted aversely, or backward, by both tinuance of some estate, which is eigne, the party will sue a pardon.
Brown's Vulgar Errours. Bacon.
AVE'RSENESS. n. s. [from averse.] Un2. An offer of the defendant to justify an exception; and the act, as well as the
The corruption of man is in nothing more offer.
manifest, than in his averseness to entertain aný AVE'RNAT. n. 5. A sort of grape.
See friendship or familiarity with God. Atterbury. Vine.
AV E'RSION. N. so Luversion, Fr. aversio, To AVERRU'NCATE. v. a. (averrunco, Lat.]
Lat.) To root up; to tear up by the 1. Hatred; dislike; detestation : such as • roots.
turns away from the object. Sure some mischief will come of it,
What if with like eversion I reject Unless by providential wit,
Riches and realms?
Milton. Or force, we averruncate it.
2. It is used most properly with from beAVERRUNCA'ron.nl. s. [from averrun. fore the object of hate.
cate.] The act of rooting up any thing; They had an inward aversion from it, and were AVERSATION.nos [from aversor, Lat.] resolved to prevent it by all possible means. I. Hatred ; abhorrence; turning away
Clarendon. with detestation.
With men these considerations are usuelly Hatred is the passion of defiance, and there is
causes of despite, disdain, or aversion from
others; but with God, so many reasons of our a kind of aversation and hostility included in its essence. South.
Sprat. greater tenderness towards others.
The same adhesion to vice, and aversion from 2. It is most properly used with from be
goodness, will be a reason for rejecting any proof fore the object of hate.
Atterbury. There was a stiff aversation in my lord of 3. Sometimes, less properly, with to. Essex from applying himself to the earl of Lei
A freeholder is bred with an aversion to subWotton. jection
Addison 3. Sometimes with to : less properly.
I might borrow illustrations of freedom and There is such a general aversation in human eversion to receive new truths, from modern nature to contempi, that there is scarce any thing
Watts more exasperating. I will not deny, but the
4. Sometimes with for. excess of the aversation may be levelled against
The Lucquese would rather throw them. pride.
Government of the Tongue. selves under the government of the Genoese, 4. Sometimes, very improperly, with to than submit to a state for which they have so wards.
Addison. A natural and secret hatred and aversation to This aversion of the people for the late prowards society, in any man, hach somewhat of ceedings of the commons, might be improved to the savage beast. Bacon. good uses.
Swift. AVE'RSE. adj. (avers45, Lat.}
s. Sometimes, very improperly, with to
, 1. Malign ; not favourable ; having such wards. a hatred as to turn away.
His aversion towards the house of York was Their courage languish'd' as their hopes de so predominant, as it found place not only in his
councils, but in his bed.
Bacon. And Pallás, now averse, refus'd her aid. Dryd. 6. The cause of aversion. 2. Not pleased with; unwilling to.
They took great pleasure in compounding Has thy uncertain bosom ever strove
lawsuits among their neighbours; for which they With the first tumults of a real love?
were the aversion of the gentlemer of the long
robe. Hast thou now dreaded, and now bless'd, his
Arbuthnot's History of John Bull.
Self-love and reason to one end aspire; sway, By turns averse and joyful to obey? Prior. Pain their aversion, pleasure their desire. Pops Averse alike to Hatter or offcnd,
TO AVERT. v. a. (averto, Lat.] Not free from faults, nor yet too vain to mend. 1. To turn aside; to turn off.
I beseech you 3. It has most properly from before the T'avert your liking a more worthy way, object of aversion.
Than on a wretch. Sbakspeare's King Lear. Laws politick are never framed as they should
At this, for the last tine, she litts her hand, be, unless presuming the will of man to be in Averts her eyes, and half unwilling drops the wardly obstinate, rebellious, and averse from all
Dryden. obedience unto the sacred laws of his nature. 2. To cause to dislike.
Hooker, When people began to espy the falsehood of They believed all who objected against their oracles, whereupon all gentility was built, their undertaking to be averse from reace. Clarendona hearts were utterly averted from it. Hooker.
These cares alone her virgin breast employ, Even put themselves off from the opportuniAverse from Venus and the nuptial joy. 'Pope. ries of proselyting others, by averting them from 4. Very frequently, but improperly, to.
their company. Government of the Tonguee He had, from the beginning of the war, been 3. To put by, as a calamity. very averse to any advice of tb. pris; council. O Lord! quert whatsoever evil our swerving
Clarendon. may threaten unto his church. Hooters
Diversity of conjectures made many, whose A'UGRE. n. so A carpenter's tool. See tonceitsverted from themselves the fortune of
AUGER. that war, to become careless and secure, Knolks.
Your temples burned in the cement, and These aifections earnestly fix our minds on
Your franchises, whereon you stood, confin'd God, and forcibly avert from us those things
Into an augre's bore. Shakspeare's Cerialanus: which are displeasing to him, and contrary to re
AUGRE-HÖLE. n. s. [from augre and hole.) ligion.
Sprat. Thro' threaten'd lands they wild destruction
A hole made by boring with an augre; throw,
proverbially a narrow space. Till ardent prayer averts the public woe. Prior.
What should be spoken here, Auf. n. s. [of alf, Dutch.] A fool, or silly
Where our fate, hid within an augre-bole, fellow.
May rush and seize us. Sbakspeare's Macbelb. A'UGER. n. s. [egger, Dutch.] A carpen. AUGUR. 1. s. (argur, Lat.] One who ter's tool to bore holes with.
pretends to predict by omens, as by the The
flight of birds. durger hath a handle and bit; its office is to make great round holes. When you use it,
What say the angurs! the stuff you work upon is commonly laid low
- They would not have you stir forth to-day: under you, that you may the easier use your
Plucking the entrails of an offering forth, strength : for in twisting the bit about by the They could not find a heart within the beast. force of both your hands, on each end of the
Sbakspeare. handle one, it cuts great chips out of the stuff.
Calchas, the sacred seer, who had in view
foreknew : AUGHT. pronoun. [auht, apht, Saxon. It
Supreine of angurs. is sometimes, improperly,written ought.]
As I and mine consult thy augur,.
Grant the glad omen ; let thy fav’rite rise
Propitious, ever soaring from the right. Prior.
guess; to conjecture by signs. stances as may induce the chymists to entertain
The people love me, and the sea is mine, other thoughts.
My poi'r 's a crescent, and my augʻring hope.
Says it will come to the full. But go, my son, and see if aught be wanting
Shakspeare Among thy father's friends. Addison's Cato.
My aug’ring mind assures the same success:
judge by augury. That could augment his harm, encrease his pain.
AUGURATION. n. s. [from augur.] The
Fairfax. practice of augury, or of foretelling by Rivers have streams added to them in their events and prodigies. passage, which enlarge and augment them. Hale. Claudius Pulcher underwent the like success, TO AUGME'NT. V. n. To incréase; to when he continued the tripudiary angurations, grow bigger.
Brozun's Vulgar Errours. But as his heat with running did augment, A’UGURER. N. s. [from To augur.] The Much more his sight encreas'd his hot desire, same with augur.
Sidney. The winds redouble, and the rains augment,
These apparent prodigies,
And the persuasion of his augurers,
May hold him from the capitol to-day:
Sbakspeare. 3. Increase ; quantity gained. You shall find this augment of the tree to be
AUGU'RIAL. adj. [from augury.] Relating without the diminution of one drachm of the
to augury. earth.
On this foundation were built the conclusions 2. State of increase.
of soothsayers, in their augurial and gripudiary
Brows. Discutients are improper in the beginning of inflammations; but proper, when mixed with To A'UGURISE. V. n. [from augur.] To repellents, in the augment. Wiscman. practise divination by augury,
Dict. AUGMENTA'TION. n. s. [from augment.] A'UGUROUS. adj. [from angur.] Predict1. The act of increasing or making
bigger. ing; prescient ; foreboding. Those who would be zealous against regular
So fear'd troops after a peace, will promote an augmenta The fair-maned horses, that they flew back, and tion of those on foot.
their chariots turn'd, 2. The state of being made bigger.
Presaging in their augurous hearts the labours What modification of matter can make one that they mourn'd. embryo capable of so prodigiously vast augmen
A'UGURY. N. s. tation, while another is contined to the minute
(augurium, Lat.) ness of an insect?
1. The act of prognosticating by omens of 3. The thing added, by which another is
prodigies. inade bigger.
Thy face and thy behaviour,
Which, if my augury deceive me not, doth receive any augmentation of glory at our
Witness good breeding.
Sbakspeare. hands; but his name we glorify, when we testify
The winds are chang'd, your frieeds front our acknowledgment of his glory. Hooker.
danger free, AUGMENTATION Court. A court erected
Or I renounce my
skill in augury. by king Henry the Eighth, for the in
She knew, by augury divine, crease of the revenues of his crown, by
Venus would fail in the design. the suppression of monasteries.
2. An omen or prediction: Dict.
What if this death, which is fór him design'd,
Had been your doom (far be that angury!). riegate ; to figure. Upton explains it, to And you, not Aurengzebe, condemi'd to die?
In golden buskins of costly cordwaine,
All hard with golden bendes, which were en.
tail'd . And firm our purpose with an augury. Dryden.
With curious anticks, and full fair a umaild. AUGU'st. adj. (augustus, Lat.) Gicat ;
Fairy Queen. grand; royal ; magnificent; awful.
AU'MERY. See AMBRY. There is nothing so contemptible, but antiquity can render it ausgust and excellent. Glan. AUNT. n. 5. [tante, Fr. amita, Lat.] A
The Trojan chief appear’d in open sight, father or mother's sister; correlative to August in visage, and serenely bright;
nephew or niece. His mother goddess, with her hands divine,
Who meets us here ? my niece Plantagenet, Had form d his curling locks, and made his Led in the hand of her kind aunt of Glo'ster. temples shine. Drydenta
Shakspeare A'UGUST. n. s. [ Augustus, Lat.] The She went to plain work, and to purling brooks,
eigthth month of the year, from January Old-fashioned halls, dull aunts, and croaking inclusive.
Pape. August was dedicated to the honour of Au. AVOCADO. n. s. (Span. persica, Lat.] A gustus Cæsar, because in the same month he was tree that grows in great plenty in the created consul, thrice triumpher in Rome, sub
Spanish West Indies. dued Egypt to the Roman empire, and made an
The fruit is of itself very insipid, for which end of civil wars; being before called Sextilis,
reason they generally eat it with the juice of or the sixth from March.
lemons and sugar, to give it a poigrxıncy. Miller, AUGU'STNESS. n. s. (from august.] Eleva. To A'VOCATE. v. a. (avoco, Lat.) To tion of look; dignity ; loftiness of mien
call off from business; to call away. or aspect.
Their divesture of mortality dispenses thena A'viary. n. s. [from avis, Lat. a bird.] from those laborious and avouating duties to A place enclosed to keep birds in. distressed christians, and their secular relations, In aviaries of wire, to keep birds of all sorts,
which are here requisite.
Boyle. the Italians bestow vast expence; including AVOCATION. n. s. [from avocate.] great scope of ground, variety of bushes, trees
1. The act of calling aside. of good height, running waters, and sometimes
The bustle of business, the avocations of our a stove annexed, to contemper the air in the
senses, and the din of a clamourous world, are winter. Wotton's Architecture. impediments.
Glanville. Look now to your aviary; for now the birds
Stir up that remembrance which his many grow sick of their feathers. Evelyn's Kalender.
avocations of business have caused him to lay Avi'dity. n. s. (avidité, Fr. aviditas, aside.
Dryden. Lat.] Greediness ; eagerness ; appetite; God does frequently inject into the soul blessed insatiable desire.
impulses to duty, and powerful avocations from
South. Avi'rous. adj. [avitus, Lat.] Left by a man's ancestors; ancient. Dict.
2. The business that calls; or the call that To Avi'2E, v. a. (aviser, Fr. A word out
summons away. of use.]
It is a subject that we may make some pro
gress in its contemplation within the time, that 1. To counsel.
in the ordinary time of life, and with the perWith that, the husbandman 'gan him avize, mission of necessary avocations, a man may emThat it for him was fittest exercise. Spenser. ploy in such a contemplation.
Hale. 2. With a reciprocal pronoun, to bethink By the secular cares and a vocations which achimself: s'aviser; Fr.
company marriage, the clergy have been fure But him avizing, he that dreadful deed
nished with skill in common life. Atterbury. Forbore, and rather chose, with scornful shame, TO AVOI'D. v. a. [ruder, Fr.] Him to avenge.
Spensar. I. To shun; to decline. 3. To consider; to examine.
The wisdom of pleasing God, by doing what No power he had to stir, nor will to rise ; he commands, and avoiding what he forbids. That when the careful knight 'gan well avize,
Tillotson. He lightly left the foe.
Fairy Queen. 2. To escape ; as, he avoided the blow bý As they 'gan his library to view,
turning aside. And antique registers for to avize. Spenser. A'UKWARD. See AWKWARD.
3. To endeavour to shun; to shift off.
The fashion of the world is to avoid cost, and Auld. adj. [ald, Sax.] Old. A word now
you encounter it.
Sbakspear. obsolete ; but still used in the Scotch 4. To evacuate ; to quit. dialect.
What have you to do here, fellow? pray you, 'Tis pride that pulls the country down; avoid the house.
Shakspears. Then take thine auld cloak about thee. Shaksp. If any rebel should be required of the prince AU LEʼTICK. adj. [cunoz.] Belonging to
confederate, the prince confcderate should compipes.
mand him to avoid the country. Bacon.
He desired to speak with some few of us : A'ULICK. adj. [aulicus, Lat.) Belonging to
whereupon six of us orly stayed, and the rest the court.
avoided the room.
Bacon, AULN. n. s. (aulne, Fr.] A French mea 5. To emit ; to throw out. sure of length; an ell.
A coad contains not those urinary parts which TO AUMAIL. v.a. [from maille, Fr. the are found in other animals to avoid that serous mesh of a net; whence a coat of oumail,
Brown's Vulgar Errouri. a coat with network of iron.] To va- 6. To oppose ; to binder effect.
The removing that which caused putrefactie, the truth, which they would at all times de doth prevent and avoid putrefaction. Bacon. tend.
Hooter. h. To vacate ; to annul
Wre:ched though I seem,
I can produce a champion that will prove without wronging of those lords which had these What is arouchea here. Sbakspeare's King Lear.
lands and lordships given them? Spenser. 2. To produce in tavour of another. To Avo'id. v.1.
Such antiquities could have been avoncbed for
the Irish 1. To retire.
Spenser's State of Ireland. And Saul cast the javelin; for he said, I will
3. To vindicate ; to justify. smite David even to the wall with it: and David You will think you made no offence, if the
avoided out of his presence twice. 1 Sam. duke apouch the justice of your dealing. Sbake. 2. To become void or vacant.
AVOUCH. n. s. (from the verb.] Decla. Bishopricks are not included under benefices : ration ; evidence ; testimony. so that if a person takes a bishoprick, it does not
I might not this believe; avoid by force of that law of pluralities, but by Without the sensible and try'd avoucb the ancient common law.
Sbakspeare's Handet. AvoʻIDABLE. adj. [from avoid.]
Avo'UCHABLE. adj. [from a vouch.] That 1. That may be avoided, shunned, or may be avouched. escaped
Avo'uchER. 8.'s. [from avbuch.] He that Want of exactness in such nice experiments is avouches. scarce avoidable.
Beyle. T. AVO'W. v.'a. [avouer, Fr.] To deTo take several things for granted, is hardly clare with confidenee; to justify; not avoidable to any one, whose task it is to shew the falsehood or improbability of any truth. Locke.
to dissemble. 2. Liable to be vacated or annulled.
His cruel stepdame, seeing what was done, The charters were not avoidable for the king's
Her wicked days with wretched knife did end;
In death avowing th’innocence of her son. nonage; and if there could have been any such
Fairy Queen, pretence, that alone would not avoid them. Hale.
He that delivers them mentions his doing it AVOIDANCE. N. s. [from avoid.]
upon his own particular knowledge, or the re1. The act of avoiding.
lation of some credible person adowing it upon It is appointed to give us vigour in the pure his own experience.
Bogie. suit of what is good, or in the avoidance of what Left to myself, I must avow I strove is hurtful.
Watts. From publick shame to screen my secret love. 2. The course by which any thing is car
Dryden, vied off.
Such assertions proceed from principles which For avoidances and drainings of water, where
cannot be avored by those who are for preservthere is too much, we shall speak of. Baton.
ing church and state.
Then blaz'd his smother'd flame, yosr'd and 3. The act or state of becoming vacant.
Thomsen. 4. The act of annulling. AVOI'DER.
That 2. n. s. [from avoid.}
Avo'w ABLE. adj. [from avow.] 1. The person that avoids or shuns any
may be openly declared ; that may be
declared without shame. thing. 2. The person that carries any thing away.
AvO'WAL. n. s. [from avow.] Justifica3: The vessel in which things are carried Avowedly. adv. [from avow.] In an
tory declaration ; open declaration. away. AvoʻIDLES$. adj. [from avoid.} Inevita
open manner. ble; that carinot be avoided.
Wilmot could not avozeedly have excepted That avoidless ruin in which the whole empire
against the other.
Clarendom: would be involved.
AvowEE'. (avoué, Fr.] He to whom AVOIR DU POʻis.n. s. (avoir du poids, Fr.]
the right of advowson of any church A kind of weight, of which a pound
Dict. contains sixteen ounces, and is in pro- Avo’WER. no s: [from avow.] He that portion to a pound Troy, as seventeen avows or justifies. to fourteen. All the larger and coarser
Virgil makes Æneas a bold avower of his own
virtues. commodities are weighed by avoirdupois Avo'wry. n. s. [from avow.) In law, is
Chambers. Probably the Romans left their ounce in Bri
where one takes a distress for rent, or tain, which is now our avoirdupois ounce : for
other thing, and the other sues replevin. our troy ounce we had elsewhere. Arbuthnot, In which case the taker shall justify, in AVOLATION. 9. s. [from avolo, to fly his plea, for what cause he took it;
away, Lat.] The act of Aying away; and, if he took it in his own right, is to flight; escape.
shew it, and so avow the taking, which These airy vegetables are made by the relicks is called his
Chambers, of plantal emissives, whose avolation was pre- 'Avo'wal. no's. [from avow.) A convented by the condensed inclosure. Glanville.
Dici. Strangers, or the fungous parcels about can
Avo'wtry. n. s. (See Advowtry.) dles, only signify a pluvious air, hindering the evolation of the
favillous particles. Brotun. Adultery. To AvoʻUCH. v. a. (avouer, Fr. For this A'URATE. n. s. A sort of pear. See PEAR.
word we now generally say vouch.) AURE'LIA. n. s. [Lat.] A term used for 1. To affirm ; to maintain; to declare the first apparent change of the eruca, peremptorily.
or maggot of any species of ins*!; the They boldly avonched thar themselves only had chrysalis.