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ing of the lower belly and depending Profess publickly the doctrine of Jesus Christ, parts, from an extravasation and col.
not being asbamed of the word of God, or of any section of water broke out of its proper
practices enjoined by it.
One would have thought she would have stirr'd; vessels. This case, 'when certain and
but strove inveterate, is universally allowed to ad With modesty, and was asbam'd to move. Dryd. mit of no cure but by means of the ma
This I have shadowed, that you may not be nual operation of tapping. Quincy.
ashamed of that hero, whose protection you unThere are two kinds of dropsy, the anasarca,
*Dryden. called also leucophlegmacy, when the extrava A'SHEN. adj. [from ash.] Made of ash sated matter swinus in the cells of the membrana wood. adiposa; and the ascites, when the water pos
At once he said, and threw sesses the cavity of the abdomen. Sharp His asben spear, which quiver'd as it few. Dryd, Asci'TICAL. adj. (from aspites.] Be. A'SHES. n. s. wants the singular. [arca, AscI'Tick. longing to an ascites ; Sax. asche, Dutch.] dropsical; hydropical.
1. The remains of any thing burnt. When it is part of another tumour, it is hy Some relicks would be left of it, as when dropical, either anasarcous or ascitical. Wiseman.
asbes remain of burned bodies.
Digby. Asciti'TIOUS. adj. (ascititius, Lat.) Sup This late dissension, grown between the peers,
plemental; additional; not inherent ; Burns under feigned ashes of forged love, not original.
And will at last break out into a flame. Sbakspo Homer has been reckoned an ascitilious name Ashes contain a very fertile salt, and are the from some accident of his life.
best manure for cold lands, if kept dry, that the ASCRI'BABLE. adj. [from ascribe.] That
rain doth not wash away their salt. Mortimer, may be ascribed.
2. The remains of the body : often used in The greater part have been forward to re poetry for the carcase, from the ancient ject it, upon a mistaken persuasion, that those practice of burning the dead. phænomena are the effects of nature's ab Poor key-cold figure of a holy king ! horrency of a vacuum, which seem to be more Pale asbes of the house of Lancaster! fitly ascribable to the weight and spring of the Thou bloodless remnant of that royal blood! air. Boyle.
Sbakspeare. To ASCRIBE. v. a. [ascribo, Lat.]
To great Laërtes I bequeath 1. To attribute to as a cause.
A task of grief, his ornaments of death; The cause of his banishment is unknown, be
Lest, when the fates his royal asbes claim, cause he was unwilling to provoke the emperor,
The Grecian matrons taint my spotless name. by ascribing it to any other reason than what
Popes was pretended.
Dryden. A'SHLAR. N. s. [with masons.] Freestone To this we may justly ascribe those jealousies
as it comes out of the quarry, of differand encroachments, which render mankind uneasy to one another.
ent lengths, breadths, and thicknesses. 2. To attribute as a quality to persons, or
ASHLEERING. n. s. [with builders.] accident to substance.
Quartering in garrets, about two foot These perfections must be somewhere, and
and a half or three foot high, perpentherefore may much better be ascribed to God, dicular to the floor, and reaching to the in whom we suppose all other perfections to meet, under side of the rafters. Builder's Dict. than to any thing else.
Tillotson. Ashoʻr E. adv. [from a and shore.] ASCRI'PTION. n. s. [ascriptio, Lat.] The 1. On shore ; on the land. act of ascribing.
Dict. The poor Englishman riding in the road, having
We may as bootless spend our vain command,
Addison's Ovid. And call’d the mountain asbes to the plain. Dryd. AsHwE'DNESDAY. n. s. The first day of 2. The wood of the ash.
Lent, so called from the ancient custoin
of sprinkling ashes on the head. My grained ash an hundred times hath broke
A'SH WEED. n. s. [from ash and weed.] An And scar'd the moon with splinters. Sbakspeare,
herb. Ash-COLOURED. adj. (from ash and co Ashy. adj. (from ash.] Ash-coloured ;
tour.] Coloured between brown and pale ; inclining to a whitish gray. gray, like the bark of an ashen branch. Oft have I seen a timely parted ghost
Clay, asb-coloured, was part of a stratum which Of asby semblance, meagre, pale, and bloodless. lay above the strata of stone. Woodward.
with shame: generally with of before 1. To one side ; out of the perpendicular
The storm rush'd in, ani Arcite stood aghast;
The flames were blown aside, yet shone they were before thee, since the day that God created bright,
man upon the earth, and ask from the one side Fanit'd by the wind, and gave a rufiled light. of heaven unto the other, whether there hath
Dryden. been any such thing as this great thing is, or hath 1. To another part; out of the true di. been heard like it.
ASK, ASH, As, do all come from the Saxon He had Ho brother; which though it be a com. æsc, an ash tree. Gibson's Camden. fortable thing for kings to have, yet it draweth ASKA'nce. the subjects eyes a little aside.
adv. Sidewise ; obliquely. 3. From the company; as, to speak aside.
Zelmane, keeping a countenance askance, as He took him aside from the multitude. Mark.
she understood him not, told him, it became her A'SINARY. adj. [asinarius, Lat.] Belong. evil.
Sidney. ing to an ass.
Dict. His wannish eyes upon them bent askance, A'SININE., adj. [from asinu, Lat.] Be
And when he saw their labours well succeed,
rage, and threaten'd dire mischance. longing to an ass. You shall have more ado to drive our dullest
Fairfax. 'youth, our stocks and stubs; from such nurture,
Some say, he bid his angels turn askarce than we have now to hale our choicest and hope
The poles of earth, twice ten degrees, and more, fullest wits to that asinine feast of sow-chistles
From the sun's axle, they with labour push'd
Miltort. and bramblesa
Milton. Oblique the centrick globe. To Ask. v. a. Cascian, Saxon.]
ASKA’unt. adv. Obliquely ; on one side.
Ar this Achilles rollid his furious eyes, J. To petition ; to beg : sometimes with
Fix'd on the king askaunt ; and thus replies, an accusative only; sometimes with for. 0, impudent.
Dryden, When thou dost ask me blessing, I'U kneel Since the space, that lies on either side down
The solar orb, is without limits wide, And ask of thee forgiveness. Sbakspeare. Grant that the sun had happen'd to prefer
We have nothing else to ask, but that A seat askaunt, but one diameter : Which you deny already, yet will ask,
Lost to the light by that unhappy place, That if we fail in our request, the blame
This globe had lain a frozen loansome mass. May hang upon your hardness. Sbakspeare.
Blackmore, In long journies, ask your master leave to give A'SKER. n. š. (from ask.] ale to the horses.
1. Petitioner. 2. To demand ; to claim : as, to ask a price for goods.
Ere now denied the asker? and now again Ask me never so much dowry and gift, and I On him that did not ask, but mock, bestow. will give according as ye shall say unto me: but
Sbakspeare. give me the damsel tó wife.
The greatness of the asker, and the smallness He saw his friends, who, whelm'd beneath
of the thing asked, had been sufficient to enforce the waves,
Soutb. Their funeral honours claim'd, and ask'd their
Every asker being satisfied, we may conclude, 3. To question.
that all their conceptions of being in a place are O inhabitant of Arder, stand by the way and the same. espy,
ask him that fieth, and her that escapeth, A'SKER. Nos. A water newt. and say, what is done?
Jeremiab. Askew. adv. [from a skew.] Aside ; 4. To inquire: with after before the thing. He said, wherefore is it that thou dost ask after
with contempt. my name? And he blessed him there. Genests.
For when ye mildly look with lovely hue: s. To require, as physically necessary.
Then is my soul with life and love inspir'd:
But when ye lowre, or look on me askew, As it is a great point of art, when our mattet
Then do I die.
Spenser requires it, to enlarge and veer out all sail; so to
Then take it, sir, as it was writ, take it in and contract it, is no less praise when Nor look askeri at what it saith ; the argument doth ask it. Ben Jonson: There's no petition in it.
Prier. À lump of ore in the bottom of a mine will be stirred by two men's strength; which if you
To ASLA'KE. v. a. (from a and slake, or bring it to the top of the earth, will ask six men
slack.] To remit ; to mitigate ; to to stir it.
Bacon. slacken. Obsolete. The administration passes into different hands But this continual, cruel, civil war at the end of two months, which contributes to No skill can stint, nor reason can aslake. Spenser, dispatch: but any exigence of state asks a much Whilst seeking to aslake thy raging fire, longer time to conduct any design to its maturity. Thou in me kindlest much more great desire.
Addison. To Ask. V. n.
Asla'nt. adv. [from 'a and slant.] Ob1. To petition; to beg : with for before liquely ; on one side ; not perpendicu• the thing
larly. My son, hast thou sinned ? do so no more, There is a willow grows aslant a brook, but ask pardon for thy former sins. Ecclus.
That shews his hoar leaves in the glassy stream. If he ask for bread, will he give him a stone ?
He fell; the shaft 2. To inquire; to make inquiry : with for Drove thro' his neck aslant; he spums the or of before the thing.
ground, Stand ye in the ways, and see, and ask for the
And the soul issues through the weazon's wound. old paths, where is the good way, and walk therein, and ye shall find rest for your souls.
Asle'ep. adv. [from a and sleep.]
Jeremiah. 1. Sleeping; at rest.
Digby of Bodies.
Are at this hour asleep! O gentle sleep,
They are, in my judgment, the image or Næture's soft nurse, how have I frighted thee! picture of a great ruin, and have the true
aspect Sbakspeare. of a world lying in its rubbish. Burnet. The diligence of trade, and noiseful gan, 2. Countenance ; look. And luxury more late asleep were laid :
Those eyes of thine from mine have drawn All was the night's, and, in her silent reign,
salt tears, No sound the rest of nature did invade. Dryden. Sham'd their aspects with store of childish drops. There is no difference between a personasleep,
Sbakspeare's Richard ni. and in an apoplexy, but that the one can be I am fearful: wherefore frowns he thus?
awaked, and the other cannot. Arbutbuot. "T is his aspect of terrour. All's not well. Sbal. 2. To sleep.
Yet had his aspect nothing of severe, If a man watch too long, it is odds but he will But such a face as promis'd him sincere. Dryden. fall asleep:
Bacon's Essays: Then shall thy Craggs (and let me call him Thus done the tales, to bed they creep,
mine) By whispering winds soon lull'd asleep. Milton. On the cast ore another Pollio shine; AsLope. adv. (from a and slope.] With With aspect open shall erect his head!
declivity ; obliquely ; not perpendicu. 3. Glance; view; act of beholding. larly.
Fairer than fairest, in his faining eye, Set them not upright, but aslope, a reasonable
Whose sole aspect he counts felicity. Spenser, depth under the ground.
When an envious or an amorous aspect doth The curse aslope
infect the spirits of another, there is joined both Glanc'd on the ground; with labour I must earn
affection and imagination,
Bacon, My bread: what harm? Idleness had been worse:
4. Direction toward any point ; yiew ; My labour will sustain me.
The setting sun
Levelled his ev’ning rays.
Paradise Lost. www.ca, a body.] Incorporeal, or without
I have built a strong wall, faced to the south a body
aspect with brick Asp. i no so [aspis, Lat.) A kind of s. Disposition of any thing to something
Swift. A'S PICK. S serpent, whose poison kills
else ; relation. without a possibility of applying any The light got from the oppositę arguings of remedy. It is said to be very small, men of parts, shewing the different sides of things, and peculiar to Egypt and Lybia. Those and their various aspects and probabilities, would that are bitten by it, die within three
be quite lost, if every one were obliged to say hours ; and the manner of their dying 6. Disposition of a planet to other planets.
after the speaker.
Locke. being by sleep, without any pain, Cleo
There some ill planet reigns, patra chose it.
I must be patient till the heavens look High-minded Cleopatra, that with stroke
With an aspect more favourable. Shakspeare Of asp's scing herself did kill. Fairy Queen. Not unlike that which astrologers call a con
Scorpion, and asp, and amphisbæna dire, junction of planets, of no very benign aspect the And dipsas.
Wotton, Asp. n. š. A tree. Sce Asp£N.
To the blank moon ASPALATHUS. 1. s. [Latin.]
Her office they precrib'd : to th' other five 1. A plant called the rose of Jerusalem, or
Their planetary motions, and aspects,
In sextile, square, and trine, and opposite. our lady's rose.
Paradise Losti 2. The wood of a prickly tree, heavy,
Why does not every single star shed a separate oleaginous, somewhat sharp and bitter
influence, and have aspects with other stars of to the taste. Aspalatinus affords an oil their own constellation ?
Bentley's Sermons. of admirable scent, reputed one of the To Aspe'ct. v a. (aspicio, Lat'] To bebestperfumes.
Chambers. hold. Not used. i gave a sweet smell like cinnamon and aspa Happy in their mistake, those people whom lathus, and I yielded a pleasant odour like the The northern pole aspects ; whom fear of death desi myrrh.
(The greatest of all human fears) nc'er moves. ASPA'R AGUS. n. 6. (Lat.) A plant. It
Temple, has a rosacecus flower of six leaves, AspE'CTABLE. adj. (aspectabilis, Lat.] placed orbicularly, out of whose centre Visible ; being the object of sight. rises the pointal, which turns to a soft He was the sole cause of this aspeciable and globular berry, full of hard seeds. Miller. perceivable universal.
Rilieh. Asparagus affects the urine with a fecid smell, To this use of informing us what is in this especially if cut when they are white; and there. espectable world, we shall find tủe eye well fitted. fore have been suspected by some physicians, as
Ray on the Creation. not friendly to the kidneys; when they are old- AspE'CTION. 1. s. [from aspect.] Benold. ts, and begin to ramify, they lose tinis quality ; ing; view,
but then they are not so agreeable. Arbutbrot. A Moorish queen, upon aspection of the picA'SPECT. n. s. (aspectus, Lat. It appears ture Andromeda, conceived and brought irri anciently to have been pronounced with a fair one.
Brown, The accent on the last syllable, which is Aspen, or Asp. n. s. [espe, Dutch; a:p, now placed on the first:]
Dan. epse, trembling, Sax. Somner.] 2. Look; air ; appearance.
See PooLAR, of which it is a specie. I have presented the tongue under a double The leaves of this tree al rays treinte. aspect, such as may justify the definition, thac The aspen or asp tree hath leaves n uch the is the best and worst part.
same with the popíar, only much small, and Government of tbe Tongue. not so white.
The builder oak sole king of forests all, ASPHATICK. adj. [from asphaltos.]
And with asphaltick slime, broad as the gate,
Deep to the roots of hell, the gather'd beach
A solid, brittle, black, bituminous, in-
flammable substance, resembling pitch, Nor asper leaves confess the gendlest breeze,
and chiefly found swimming on the 2. Made of aspen wood.
surface of the Lacus Asphaltites, or A'SPER. adj. (Lat.] Rough; rugged. Dead Sea, where anciently stood the This word I have found only in the fol
cities of Sodom and Gomorrah. It is lowing passage.
cast up in the nature of liquid pitch, All base notes, or very treble notes, give an
from the bottom of this sea; and being asper sound; for that the base striketh more air thrown upon the water, swims like that it can well strike equally.
other fat bodies, and condenses graTO A'SPERATE, v.a. [aspero, Lat.] To
dually. roughen; to make rough or uneven.
ASPHA'LTUM. n. s. (Lat.) A bitumi. Those corpuscles of colour, insinuating themselves into all the pores of the body to be dyed,
nous stone found near ancient Babylon, may asperate its superficies, according to the big and lately in the province of Neuf
ness and textures of the corpuscles. Boyle. châtel; which, mixed with other matASPERATION. n. s. [from asperate.] A ters, makes an excellent cement, incor. making rough.
Dict. ruptible by air, and impenetrable by ASPERI POʻLIUs. adj. (from asper, rough, water ; supposed to be the mortar so
and folium, a leaf, Lát.] One of the much celebrated among the ancients, divisions of plants, so called from the with which the walls of Babylon were Toughness of their leaves.
Chambers. ASPERITY. n. s. [asperitas, Lat.)
A'S PHODEL. n. s. [lilio-aspbodelus, Lat.] 1. Unevenness; roughness of surface. Day.lily. Asphodels were by the an.
Sometimes the pores and asperities of dry bo cients planted near burying-places, in dies are so incommensurate to the particles of
order to supply the manes of the dead the liquor, that they glide over the surface. Boyle.
with nourishment. 2. Roughness of sound; harshness of pro.
By those happy souls who dwell nunciation.
In yellow meads of asphodel.
Popeo 3. Roughness' or ruggedness of temper; A'SPICK.n. s. (See Asp.] The name of a moroseness ; sourness; crabbedness. serpent.
The charity of the one, like kindly exhalatio:s, Why did I 'scape the invenom'd aspick's raga will descend in showers of blessings; but the And all the fiery monsters of the desart, rigour and asperity of the other, in a severe doom To see this day?
Addison. upon ourselves.
Government of the Tongue. T. A'SPIRATE. v. a. (aspiro, Lat.) Avoid all unseemliness and asperity of carriage; do nothing that may argue a peevish or froward,
To pronounce with aspiration, or full spirit.
breath; as we aspirate horse, house, and ASPERNA’TION. n. s. [aspernatio, Lat.]
hog. Neglect ; ' disregard.
TO Å'SPIRATE. v. n. (aspiro, Lat.) To A'SPEROU 5. adj. (asper, Lat.] Rough ;
be pronounced with full breath.
Where a vowei ends a word, the next begins
either with a consonant, or what is its equiva-
nounced with full breath.
For their being pervious, you may call them,
if you please, perspirate; but yet they are not tunity to asperse the king, they were safe enough. ASPIRATION. 1. s., (aspiratio, Lat.]
aspirate, i. e. with such an aspiration as b. Holder,
1. A breathing after ; an ardent wish : And singly mad, asperse the sov'reign reign. Pope.
used generally of a wish for spiritual Unjustly poets we asperse,
blessings. 'Truth shines the brighter clad in verse. Swift.
A soul inspired with the warmest aspirations Asp’ERSION. n. s. (aspersio, Lat.)
after celestial beatitude, keeps its powers atten 1. A sprinkling.
tive. If thou dost break her virgin knot, before
2. The act of aspiring, All sanctimonious ceremonies,
thing high and great. No sweet aspersions shall the heav'ns let fall, 'Tis he; I ken the manner of his gait; To make this contract grow.
He rises on his
toe; that spirit of his It exhibits a inixture of new conceits and old,
In aspiration litts him from the earth. Shakspears whereas the instauration gives the new unmixed, otherwise than with some little aspersion of the
3. The pronunciation of a vowel with full,
breath. old, for taste's sake.
Bacon, 2. Calumny; censure.
1? is only, a guttural aspiration, i. e. a more The same aspersions of the king, and the same
forcible impulse of the breath from the lungs,
Helder. grounds of a rebellion.
Dryden. To ASPI'RE. v.n. [aspiro, Lat.]
. or desiring sorde
1. To desire with eagerness; to pant after My gracious lord, here in the parliament something higher : sometimes with the
Let us assail the family of York. Shakspeare.
She will not stay the siege of loving terms, particle to. Most excellent lady, no expectation in others,
Nor bide th' encounter of assailing eyes. Sbak. nor hope in himself, could aspire to a higher
How have I fear'd your fate ! but fear'd it
most, mark, than to be thought worthy to be praised by you.
When love assail'd you on the Lybian coast.
Sidney. His father's grave counsellors, by whose means
All books he reads, and all he reads assails, he had aspired to the kingdom, he cruelly tortured.
From Dryden's Fables down to D-y's Tales. Hence springs that universal strong desire,
Popes Which all men have of immortality :
In vain Thalestris with reproach assails; Not some few spirits unto this thought aspire, ASSA'ILABLE. adj. [from assail.] That
For who can move when fair Belinda fails? Pope. But all men's minds in this united be. Davies, Horace did ne'er aspire to epic bays :
may be attacked. Nor lofty Maro stoop to lyrick'lays. Roscommon. Banquo, and his Fleance, lives.
Till then a helpless, hopeless, homely swain; -But in them nature's copy's not eternalI sought not freedom, nor aspir'd to gain. Dryd. - There's comfort yet, they are assailable.Sbak. Aspiring to be gods, if angels fell,
ASSA'IL ANT.n.s. (assaillant, Fr. ] He that Aspiring io be angels, men rebel. Pope.
attacks; in opposition to defendant. 2. Sometimes with after.
The same was so well encountered by the deThose are raised above sense, and aspire after fendants, that the obstinacy of the assailant did immortality, who believe the perpetual duration but increase the loss.
Hayward of their souls.
Tillotson, I'll put myself in poor and mean attire, There is none of us but who would be thought, And with a kind of umber-smirch my face, throughout the whole course of his life, to aspire The like do you; so shall we pass along, after immortality.
Atterbury: And never stir assailants. Sbakspeare. 3. To rise; to tower.
ASSA'ILANT. adj. Attacking ; invading. There is betwixt that smile we would aspire to, And as ev’ning dragon came, That sweet aspect of princes and our ruin,
Assailant on the perched roosts More pangs and fears than war or women have.
Of tame villatick fowl,
Milton, Shakspeare. My own breath still foment the fire,
ASSA'ILER. n. s. [from assail.] One who Which flames as high as fancy can aspire. Waller.
attacks another. ASPI'RER. 1.s. [from aspire.] One that
Palladius heated, so pursued our assailers, that ambitiously strives to be greater than Ass'A PA'NICK. n. s. A little animal of Vir
one of them slew him.
Sidney. he is. They ween'd
ginia, which is said to fly by stretching To win the mount of God; and on his throne out its shoulders and its skin, and is To set the envier of his state, the proud
called in English the flying squirrel. Aspirer: but their thoughts prov'd fond and vain.
Trevoux, Milton, Assa'rt. v. a. [essart, from essarter, Fr. ASPORTATION. n. s. (asportatio, Lat.]
to clear away wood in a forest.] An A carrying away:
offence committed in the forest, by Asqui'nt.adv. (from a and squint,) Ob
plucking up those woods by the roots, liquely ; not in the straight line of
that arethickets or coverts of the forest, vision. A single guide may direct the way better than
and by making them as plain as arable land.
Cowell. five hundred, who have contrary views, or look esquint, or shut their eyes.
To Ass Aért. v. a. (essarter, Fr.] To com. Ass. n. so (asinus, Lat.]
mit an assart. Sce ASSART. 1. An animal of burden, remarkable for ASSA'SSIN, n, s. [assassin, Fr. 4 sluggishness, patience, hardiness, coarse
Assa'SSINATE. word brought origi. ness of food, and long life.
nally from Asia, where, about the time You have among you many a purchas'd slave, of the holy war, there was a set of men Which, like your asses, and your dogs and mules, called assassins, as is supposed for ArYou use in abject and in slavish part,
sacidx, who killed any man, without reBecause you bought them. Sbakspeare.
gard to danger, at the command of their 2. A stupid, heavy, dull fellow ; a dolt.
chief,] A murderer ; one that kills by I do begin to perceive that I am made an ass.
Shakspeare. treachery, or sudden violence.
In the very moment as the knight withdrew Should yield the world this ass
IS!-a woman from the duke, this assassinate gave him, with a that
back blow', a deep wound into his left side.
Wotton. Bears all down with her brain; and yet her son Cannot take two from twenty, for his heart,
The Syrian king, who to surprize And leave eighteen.
One man, assassin like, had levy'd war, TO ASSA'IL. v. a. (assailler, Fr.]
War unproclaim d.
Milton, 2. To attack in a hostile manner; to as
The old king is just murdered, and the per
son that did it is unknown. Let the soldiers sault; to fall upon; to invade.
seize him for one of the assassinates, and let me So when he saw his fatt'ring arts to fail,
alone to accuse hinn afterwards. Dryden, With greedy force he 'gan the fort t'assail
Here hir'd assassins for their gain inrade, Fairy Queen.
And treach'rous pois'aers urge their taiai trade, 2. To attack with argument, censure, or
Ĉico, motives applied to the passions.
When she hears of a murder, she calar: 3