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J. Gouty; relating to the gout.
ff Cansfield had not, in that article of times
Arbutbrot. troops were ready, the king himself had been
To A'RTICLE. v. n. (from the noun.] To
Such in love's warfare is my case,
may not article for grace, make progression. Brown's Vulgar Erreurs.
Having put love at last to show this face. Donne. ARTHRITIS. n. s. (az Ipilis, from cięgov, He had not infringed the least tittle of what a joint.] Any distemper that affects
was articled, that they aimed at one mark, and
their ends trere concentrick. Hotel's Vocal Forest. · the joints, but the gout particularly. If it be said, God chose the successor, that is
Quincy. manifestly not so in the story of Jephtha, where A'RTICHOKE. n. s. (artichault, Fr.] A he articled with the people, and they made him plant very like the thistle, but hath large judge over them.
Locke. scaly heads shaped like the cone of the
TO ARTICLE. v.a. To draw up in parpine tree; the bottom of each scale, as
ticular articles. also at the bottom of the forets, is a
He whose life seems fair, yet if all his errours
and follies were articled against him, the man
would seem vicious and miserable. Taylor.
ARTICULAR. adj. [articularis, Lat.) Be-
longing to the joints. In medicine, an
Bacon. epithet applied to a disease which more
the gout is called morbus articularis.
1. Distinct; divided, as the parts of a limb A'RTICK.adj. [it should be written arctick,
are divided by joints; not continued in from sepxizə] Northern ;, under the
one tone, as articulate sounds; that is,
sounds varied and changed at proper
animals, which admits no such variety. In the following example it is, con
An articulate pronunciation, a manner
one sound is not confounded with an-
In speaking under water, when the voice is
reduced to an extreme exility, yet the articulate
sounds, the words, are not confounded. Bacon.
The first, at least, of these I thought deny'd
To beasts; whom God, on their creation-day,
Created mute to all articulate sound.
Antiquity expressed numbers by the fingers
on either hand. On the left they accounted
their digits and articulate numbers unto an hundAN OX.
red; on the right hand, hundreds and thousands. 2. A single clause of an account; a par
Brown's Vidgar Errours.
Laws touching matter of order are changeable meaning little in use.
Hooker. articulate; and, in them, more articles touching
inquisition, than negotiation : requiring an an-
swer in distinct articles to his questions. Bacon.
1. To form words; to utter distinct sýl.
lables; to speak as a man. All the precepts, promises, and threatenings,
The dogmatist knows not by what art he die of the gospel will rise up in judgment against us;
rects histongue, in articulating sounds into voices. and the articles of our faith will be so inauy ar
Glanville. ticles of accusation; and the great weight of our
Parisian acadernists, in their anatomy of ages; charge will be this, That we did not obey the
tell us, that the muscles of the tongue, whiclido gospel which we professed to believe; that we
most serve to articulate a word, were wholly like made confession of the christian faith, but lived
those of man.
Tillotson. They would advance in knowledge, and pot
deceive themselves with a little articulated air.
2. To draw up in articles.
Proclaim'd at market-crosses, read in churches,
To face the garment of rebellion
With some fine colour.
Sbakspeare. 3. To make terms; to treat. These two
latter significations are unusual.
Ray on tbe Creation.
Send us to Rome
And cry, Content, to that which grieves mig The best, with whom we may articulałe
heart, For their own good and ours. Shakspeare And wet my cheeks with artificial tears. Sbakse to ARTICULATE. v. n. To speak dis
The resolutioa which we cannot reconcile to tinctly.
public good, has been supported by an obsequivus ARTI'CULATELY.adv.(from articulate.]
party, and then with usual methods contirmed
Swift. In an articulate voice.
by an artificial majority.
3. Artful; contrived with skill. The secret purpose of our heart, no less arti
These secm to be the more wrtificial, as those Culately spoken to God, who needs not our words to discern our meaning.
of a single person the more natural governmeirts. Decry of Piety.
Tempe. Arti'CU'LATENESS. n. s. [from articu- Artificial Arguments. [In rhetorick.)
late.] The quality of being articulate, ARTICULA'Tion. no s. [from articulate.]
Are proofs on considerations which arise
from the genius, industry, or invention 1. The juncture, or joint of bones. With relation to the notion of the bones in
of the orator; which are thus called, to their articulations, there is a two-fold liquor pre
distinguish them from laws, authorities, fared for the inunction and lubrification of their citations, and the like, which are said to heads, an oily one, and a mucilaginous, supplied be inartificial arguments. by certain glandules seated in the articulations. ARTIFICIAL Lines, on a sector or scale,
are lines so contrived as to represent 2. The act of forming words.
the logarithmick sines and tangents; I conceive that an extreme small, or an ex
which, by the help of the line and treme great sound, cannot be articulate, but that the articulation requireth a mediocrity of sound.
numbers, solve, with tolerable exactness,
Bacon. questions in trigonometry, navigation, : By articulation I mean a peculiar motion and &c.
Chambers. figure of some parts belonging to the mouth, be- ARTIFICIAL Numbers, are the same with tween the throat and lips.
logarithms. 3. (In botany.] The joints or knots in
ARTIFICIALLY. adv. [from artificial.] some plants, as the cane.
I. Artfully; with skill; with good colzA'RTIFICE. 11. s. (artificium, Lat.]
trivance. 1. Trick; fraud; stratagem.
How cunningly he made his faultiness less, It needs no legends, no service in an unknown
how artificially he set out the forments of his tongue; none of all these laborious artifices of
Sidney ignorance; none of all these cloaks and cover
Should any one be cast upon a desolate islazich ings.
and find there a palace artipaaliy contrived, and 2. Art ; trade; skill obtained by science curiously adorned.
Ruz. or practice.
2. By art; not naturally. ARTIFICER. n. so (artifex, Lat.]
It is covered on all sides with earth, crumbled 1. An artist ; a inanufacturer; one by into powder, as if it had been artificially sitterte
Addison whom any thing is made. The lights, doors, and stairs, rather directed ARTIFICIALNESS. n. s. [from artificial.] to the use of the guest, than to the eye of the
Sidney. Artificious. Odj. [from artifice.] The The great artificer would be more than ordi
same with artificial. narily exact in drawing his own picture. Sarth.
ARTI’LLERY. n. so It has no plural. [ar. In the practices of artijicers, and the manufactures of several kinds, the end being pro
tillerie, Fr.] posed, we find out ways.
Locke. 1. Weapons of war: always used of mis2. A forger; a contriver.
sive weapons. He, soon aware,
And Jonathan gave his artillery unto his lad, Each perturbation smooth'd with outward calm, and said unto him, Go, carry them unto the city. Artificer of fraud! and was the first
1 Samuel. That practis'd falsehood, under saintly shew. 2. Cannon; great ordnance.
Milton. Have I not heard great ordnance in the field, Th'artificer of lies
And heav'n's artillery thunder in theskies? Shak Renews th' assault, and his last batt’ry tries. I'll to the tow'r with all the huste I can,
Dryden. To view th'artillery and arnmunition. Sbaks. 3. A dexterous or artful fellow. Not in Upon one wing the artillery was drawn, being
sixteen pieces, every piece having pioneers to Let you alone, cunning artificer. Ben Jonson.
plain the ways.
Hayward. ARTIFICIAL. adj. [artificiel, Fr.]
He that view's a fort to take it,
Plants his artillery 'gainst the weakest place. 1. Made by art; not natural.
Denbasz. Basilius used the artificial day of terches to lighten the sports their inventions could contrive. ARTISA'N. n. s. (French.]
Sidney. 1. Artist ; professor of an art. The curtains closely drawn the light to skreen, What are the most judicious artisans, but the As if he had contrivd to lie unsett:
mimicks of nature! Wotluri's Arcbitecture. Thus cover d with an artificial nighi,
Best and happiest artisan, Sleep did his office.
Best of painters, if you can, There is no natural motion perpetual; yet
With your many-colour'd art, doch not hinder but that it is possible to contrive
Draw the mistress of my heart. Guardian. such an artificial revolution.
Wilkins. 2. Manufacturer ; low tradesman. 2. Fietitious; not genuine.
I who had none but generals to oppose me, Why, I can smil, and murder while I smile, must have an artisan tur muy antagoicons addison.
A'RTIST.n.s. (artiste, Fr.]
linked with others in some society; there is a J. The professor of an art, generally of an
third which touches all several bodies politick,
so far forth as one of them hath publick concerns art manual.
Hooker's Eccles. Polity. How to build ships, and dreadful ordnance
Dar'st thou be as good as thy word now? cast,
-Why, Hal, thou knowest as thou art but a Instruct the artists, and reward their haste.
man, I dare; but as thou art a prince, I fear
Waller. Rich with the spoils of many a conquer'd land,
thee as 1 fear the roaring of a lion's whelp.
Shakspeare's Henry Iv.
The objections that are raised against it as a
tragedy, are as follow. When I made this, an artist undertook to imi
Gay’s Preface to What d' ge call it. tate it; but using another way fell much short. 6.Like; of the same kind with.
A simple idea is one uniform idea, as sweet, bitter.
Watts 2. A skilful man; not a novice.
If any one thinks himself an artist at this, 7. In the same degree with. let him number up the parts of his child's body.
Where you, unless you are as matter blind,
Well hast thou spoke, the blue-ey'd maid reI. In an artless inanner ; without skill.
plies, 2. Naturally ;- sincerely; without craft.
Thou good old man, benevolent as wise. Pope. Nature and truth, though never so low or vul
8. As if; according to the manner that gar, are yet pleasing, when openly and artlesly
would be if. represented.
Pope. The squire began nigher to approach, A'RTLESS. adj. [from art and less.]
And wind his horn under the castle-wall, 1. Unskilful; wanting art: sometimes with That with the noise it shook as it would fall. the particle of:
Fairy Queem The high-shoed plowman, should he quit the They all contended to creep into his humour, land,
and to do that, as of themselves, which they conArtless of stars, and of the moving sand. Dryd. ceived he desired they should do. Hayward. 2. Void of fraud; as, an artless maid.
Contented in a nest of snow 3. Contrived without skill; as, an artless
He lies, as he his bliss did know,
So hor th' assault, so high the tumult rose,
Dict. Had been contracted in that narrow space. Dryds
The noise pursues me wheresoe'er. I go, As. conjunct. (als, Teut.]
As fate sought only me. Dryden's Aurengzebe. 1. In the same manner with something 9. According to what.
Who then is Paul, and who is Apollos, bus else.
ministers by whom ye believed, even as the Lord When thou dost hear I am a: I have been,
gave to every man?
1 Corinth. Approach me, and thou shalt be as thou wast. Their figure being printed,
Shakspeare. As just before, I think, I hinted, In singing, as in piping, you excel;
Alma inform'd can try the case.
Prior. And scarce your master could perform so well.
The republick is shut up in the great duke's
dominions, who at present is very much incensed aid; but all these are to no purpose: the world
against it. The occasion is as follows. Addison. will not live, think, or love, as I do.
10. As it were ; in some sort.
Swifi. . In the manner that.
As for the
daughters of king Edvard iv. they Mad as I was, I could not bear his fite
thought kiug Richard had said enough for them;
and cook them to be but as of the king's party, With silent grief, but loudly blan’d the state. because they were in his power, and at his dis
Bacon's Henry VII.
II. While ; at the same time that.
At either end it whistled as it flew,
And as the brands were green, so dropp'd the
live, by the storm, as they thought it best with
Dryden stricken sails to yield to be governed by it. Sidney. He had such a dexterous proclivity, as his
These haughty words Alecto's rage provoke, teachers were fain to restrain his forwardness.
And frighted Túrnus treinbled as she spoke,
So the pure limpid stream, when foul wich
Stains a great deal of examination.
Of rushing torrents, and descending rains,
clear, and as it runs retines. Addis. keep the soul in the virginity of its first innce
12. Because. cence.
Scutb. 4. In the state of another.
He that commanded the injury to be done, is
first bound; then he that did it; and they also
are obliged who did so assist, as without them 5. Under a particular consideration; with 13. Because it is ; because they are.
the thing could not have been done.
The kernels draw out of the earth juice fit to
nourish the tree, as those that would be trees
28. As to; with respect to. Before the place
pray thee speak to me as to thy thinkings, A hundred doors a hundred entries grace ;
As thou dost ruminate; and give thy worst of As many voices issue, and the sound
thoughts Of Sybil's words as many times rebound. Dryd. The worst of words. Sbakspeare's Othello. 15. How; in what manner.
They pretend, in general, to great refinements, Men are generally permitted to publish books,
as to what regards christianity. Addison on Italy. and contradict others, and even themselves, as
I was mistaken as to the day, placing that acthey please, with as little danger of being con
cident about thirty-six hours sooner than it hapfuted, as of being understood. Boyle.
Swift. 36. With; answering to like or same.
29. AS WELL AS; equally with. Sister, well met; whither away so fast?
Each man's mind has some peculiarity, as well Upon the like devotion as yourselves,
as his face, that distinguishes him from all others. To gratulate the gentle princes there. Sbaks.
It is adorned with admirable pieces of sculp19. In a reciprocal sense, answering to as. Every offence committed in the state of na
ture, as well modern as ancient."
Addison. ture, may, in the state of nature, be also punish- 30. AS THOUGH; as if. ed, and as far forth as it may in a commonwealth.
These should be at first gently treated, as Locke.
though we expected an imposthumation. As sure as it is good, that human nature should
Sbarp's Surgery exist; so certain it is, that the circular revolutions A'S A DULCIS. See BenzOIN. of the carth and planets, rather than other motions which might as possibly have been, do de
A'S A FOETIDA. li n. s. A gum or reclare God.
A'SS A FOETID AS sin brought from 18. Going before as, in a comparative
the East Indies, of a sharp taste, and a sense; the first as being sometimes un strong offensive smell; which is said to derstood.
distil, during the heat of summer, from Sempronius is as brave a manas Cato. Addison. a little shrub.
Chambers. Bright as the sun, and like the morning fair. ASARABI'CCA. n. s. (asarum, Lat.] A
Granville. plant. 19. Answering to such.
ASBE'stine. adj. [from asbestos.] SomeIs it not every man's interest, that there should , thing incombustible, or that partakes be such a government of the world as designs our of the nature and qualities of the lapis happiness, as would govern us for our advantage? asbestos.
Tillotson. ASB'ESTOS. n. s. [2o6e5.) A sort of 20. Having so to answer it; in a con
native fossil stone, which may be split ditional sense.
into threads and filaments from one inch As far as they carry light and conviction to any other man's understanding, so far, I hope, my
to ten inches in length, very fine, brittle, labour may be of use to him.
Locke. yet somewhat tractable, silky, and of a 11. So is sometimes understood.
greyish colour. It is almost insipid to As in my speculations I have endeavoured to the taste, indissoluble in water, and enextinguish passion and prejudice, I am still de dued with the wonderful property of sirous of doing some good in this particular.
remaining unconsumed in the fire. But
Spectator. 22. Answering to so conditionally.
in two trials before the Royal Society, So may th' auspicious queen of love
a piece of cloth made of this stone was To thee, O sacred ship, be kind;
found to lose a dram of its weight each As thou to whom the muse commends
time. This stone is found in Anglesey The best of poets and of friends,
in Wales, and in Aberdeenshire in ScotDost thy committed pledge restore. Dryden. land.
Chambers. 23. Before bow it is sometimes redundant; ASC A'RIDES. n. s. f&oxrpices, from doxabut this is in low language.
sisw, to leap.] Little worms in the As how, dear Syphax ? Addison's Cato.
rectum, so called from their continual 24. It seems to be redundant before get ;
troublesome motion, causing an intole. to this time. Though that war continued nine years, and
Quincy. this hath as yet lasted but six, yet there hath To ASCEND. v. n. (ascendo, Lat.] been much more action in the present war.. 1. To move upward ; to mount; to rise.
Addison. Then to the heav'n of heav'ns shall he ascend, 25. In a sense of comparison, followed With victory, triumphing through the air
Over his foes and thinc. As when a dab-chick waddles through the
2. To proceed from one degree of good corse
to another. On feet and wings, and fies, and wades, and hops; By these steps we shall ascend to more just So lab'ring on, with shoulders, hands, and head, ideas of the glory of Jesus Christ, who is intiWide as a windmill all his figure spread. Pope. mately united to God, and is one with him. 26. AS FOR; with respect to.
Watts' Improvement of the Mird. As for the rest of those who have written 3. To stand higher in genealogy against me, they deserve not the least notice. The only incest was in the ascending, not colo
Dryden's Fables, Preface. lateral branch; as when parents and children 37. As jy; in the same manner that it married, this was accounted incest. Brcome. would be if.
TO ASCE'ND.V.a. To climb up any thing. 'Answering their questions, as if it were a They asosid the mountains they descend thing matter that needed it.
O VOL. I.
AscE'NDABLE. adj. [from ascend.] That AscE'NSIVE. adj. [from ascend.] in a may be ascended.
Dict. state of ascent. Not in use. Asc Ł'NDANT. n. s. [from ascend.]
The cold augments when the days begin to in1. The part of the ecliptick at any par
crease, though the sun be then ascensive, and res ticular time above the horizon, which ASCENT. n. so (ascensus, Lat.)
turning from the winter tropick. Brown. is supposed by astrologers to have great
1. Rise; the act of rising ; the act of influence.
mounting. 7. Height ; elevation.
To him with swift ascent he
Into his blissful bosom reassum'd in sciences that were there in their highest as
In glory as of old.
2. The way by which one ascends. 3. Superiority ; influence.
The temple, and the several degrees of ascent By the ascendant he had in his understanding, and the dexterity of his nature, he could persuade
whereby men did climb up to the same, as if it him very much.
It was a rock
Conspicuous far; winding with one ascent they should use it with moderation, and not
Accessible from carth, one entrance high. Mild make themselves scarecrows.
Locke. 3. An eminence, or high place. 4. One of the degrees of kindred reckoned
No land like Italy erects the sight upward.
By such a vast ascent, or swells to such a height.
Addison The most nefarious kind of bastards, are incestuous bastards, which are begotten between
A wide flat cannot be pleasant in the Elysian escendants and descendants in infinitum; and be
fields, unless it be diversified with depressive val. tween collaterals, as far as the divine prohibition. To ASCERTAIN. v. a. [acertener, Fr.
leys and swelling ascents.
Bentley Ayliffe's Parergon. ASCE'NDANT. adj.
1. To make certain ; to fix; to establish. 1. Superiour ; predominant ; overpower
The divine law both ascertainetb the truth, and
supplieth unto us the want of other laws. Hooker. ing.
Money differs from uncoined silver in this, that Christ outdoes Moses, before he displaces him;
the quantity of silver in each piece is ascertained and shews an ascendant spirit above him. South.
by the stamp:
Locke. 2. In an astrological sense, above the ho.
2. To make confident; to take away rizon.
doubt : often with of. Let him study the constellation of Pegasus,
Right judgment of myself, may give me the which is about that time ascendant. Brorun.
other certainty ; that is, ascertain me that I am Asce'NDENCY. n. s. [from ascend.] In in the number of God's children. Hammond. Auence; power.
This makes us act with a repose of mind and Custom has some ascendency over understand wonderful tranquillity, because it ascertains us of ing, and what at one time seemed decent, ap the goodness of our work. Dryder's Dufresnog;
pears disagreeable afterwards. Watis. ASCERTA'INER. n. s. [from ascertain.) AŚCE'NSION. n. s. (ascensio, Lat.]
The person that proves or establishes. 1. The act of ascending or rising : fre. AsceRTA'INMENT. n. s. [from ascertain]
quently applied to the visible elevation A settled rule; an established standard. of our Saviour to heaven.
For want of ascertainment, how far a writer Thea rising from his grave,
may express his good wishes for his country, in. Spoild principalities, and pow'rs, triumph'd nocent intentions may be charged with crimes. In open shew; and, with ascension bright,
Grcift to Lord Middkier. Captivity led captive through the air. Par.Lost. ASCE'TICK. adj. [as xvilexia;} Employed 2. The thing rising, or mounting.
wholly in exercises of devotion and Men err in the theory of inebriation, conceiv
mortification. ing the brain doth only suffer from vaporous as None lived such long lives as monks and her censions from the stomach. Brown's Vulgar Er.
mits, sequestered from plenty to a constant arASCE'NSION, in astronomy, is either right cetick course of the severest abstinence and de
or oblique. Right ascension of the sun, votion, or a star, is that degree of the equi. AscE'TICK. n. s. He that retires to derde noctial, counted from the beginning of tion and mortification; a hermit. Aries, which rises with the sun or star I am far from commending those asceticks, in a right sphere. Oblique ascension is that, out of a pretence of keeping themselves unan arch of the equator intercepted be
spotted from the world, take up their quarters in desarts.
Norris. tween the first point of Aries and that
He that preaches to man, should understand point of the equator which rises together what is in man; and that skill can scarce be atwith a star in an oblique sphere.
tained by an ascetick in his solitudes. Atterbury. ASCENSION-DAY: The day on which A'SCII. n. s. It has no singular. (from
the ascension of our Saviour is com without, and exci, a shadow.) Those memorated, commonly called Holy people who, at certain times of the year, Thursday; the Thursday but one ben have no shadow at noon; such are the fore Whitsuntide.
inhabitants of the torrid zone, because ASCE'NSIONAL Difference, is the differ they have the sun twice a year vertical ence between the right and oblique as to them.
Dict. cension of the same point to the surface Asci'TES. n. s. [from acr@, a bladder.) of the sphere.
Chainbers. A particular species of dropsy; a sweldo