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Contrary sins, and then, as out of a full armory: AROMA’TICK. adj. [from aroma, Latin, or gazine, let him furnish his conscience with
spice.] texts of scripilire.
I. Spicy. 2. Armour; arms of defence.
Amidst whole hcaps of spices lights a bail,
And now their odours arm'd against them fly; Celestial crmory, shields, helms, and spears,
Somie preciously by shatter'd porcelain fall, Hung high, with diamond fuming, and with
And some by aromatick splinters die. Dryden, gold
2. Frarrant ; strong scent:d. 0. Eysigus armorial.
Or quick cfiluvia darting through the brain, Weil worthy be you of that armory,
Die of a rose in aromatiek pain. Wherein you have great glory won this dav.
AROMA'LICKS. 71, s. Spices.
Fairy Queen. A'RMOUR. n. s. [armateur, Fr. armatura,
They viere furnished for exchange of their
aromaticks, and other proper commodities. Lat.] Defensive arms.
Raleigh, Your friends are up, and buckle on their or APOYATIZA’TION. 1. s. [from aromatize.]
The mingling of a due proportion of That they might not go naked among their
aromatick spices or drugs with any meeneries, ite only armour that Christ alluvisthem is prudence and innocence.
dicine. A'RIOUR-WEARER. n. s. [from armour
TU AROMATIZE. v. a. (from aroma, Lat. ana bear.] He that carries the armour spice.) of znotter.
1. To scent with spices; to impregnate His armour-bearer first, and next he kill'd with spices. His charioteer.
Dryden. Drink the first cup at supper hot, and half an A'PX ra n. s. [from arm and pit.] The hour before supper something hot and aromehollow place under the shoulder.
Bacon. The handles to these gouges are made so long, 2. To scent; to perfume. that the handle may reach under the armpit of Urto converted Jews no man imputeth this the workman.
Moxon. unsavoury odour, as though aromatized by their Others hold their plate under their left arm conversion.
Brown. pit, the best situation for keeping it warm. Swift. Aro'sE. The preterit of the verb arise. See Ariis. 1. s. without a sirguler number. ARIS3. [orma, Lat.)
AROUND. adv. [from a and round.] 1. Weapons of ofience, or armour of de
I. In a circle. fence.
He shall extend his propagated sway,
Dryden. 2. A state of h ostility.
2. On every side. Sir Edward Courtney, and the haughty prelate, And all above was sky, and ocean all around, With many more ccnfederates, are in arms. Shak.
Dryden. 3. War in gencral.
ARO'UND. prep. About; encircling, so as Arms and the man I sing.
Dryden. to encompass. Him Paris follow'd to the dire alarms,
From young lulus head Both breathing slaughter, both resolv'd in arms. A lambent flame arose, which gently spread
Around his brows, and on his temples fed. Dryd. 4. Action; the act of taking arins. To ARO'USE v. a. (from a and rouse.]
Up rose the victor angels, and to arms, 1. To wake from sleep.
How loud ho vling wolves arouse the jades The seas and rocks and skies rebound,
That drag the tragic melancholy night. Sbakso To arms, to arms, to arms!
2. To raise up; to excite. 5. The ensigns armorial of a family.
But absent, what fantastick woes arous': A'R MY. n. š. (armée, Fr.]
Rage in each thought, by restless musing fed, 1. A collection of armed men, obliged to Chill the warm cheek, and blast the bloom of obey one man.
Thomson. Number itself importeth not much in armies, Aroʻw. adv. [from a and row.] In a where the people are of weak courage. Bacon. row; with the breasts all bearing against The meanest soldier that has fought often in
the same line. an army, has a truer knowledge of war, than he
Then some green gerns are by the lasses worn that has writ whole volumes, but never was in
In chastest plays, till home they walk arom. any battie. Soutb.
Sidmoment The Tuscan leaders and their
But with a pace more sober and more slow, Which followed great Æneas to the war;
And twenty, rank in rank, they rode aroqv. Their arms, their numbers, and their names de
Dryden. ARO'YNT. adv. (of uncertain etymology, 2. A great number.
but very ancient use.) Be gone; away: The fool hath planted in his memory an army
a word of expulsion, or avoiding. of good words. Sbakspeare's Merchant of Venice.
Saint Withold footed thrice the wold, AROMA'TICAL. adj. (from aromatick.]
He met the night-mare, and her name told, Spicy; fragrant; high scented.
Bid her alight, and her troth plight, All things that are hot and aromatical do pre
And aroyai thee, witch, aroynt thee right. Shaks. serve liquors or powders.
A'RQUEBUSE. n. s. (Fr. spelt falsely Volatile oils refresh the animal spirits, but likewise are endued with all the bad qualities of
harquebuss.) A hand gun. It seems to snch substances, producing all the effects of an have anciently meant much the same as sily and aromatical acrimony. Arbuibros. our carabine, or fusee.
A barquebuse, or ordnance, will be farther A'R RANT. adj. [of uncertain etymology, heard from the mouth of the piece, than backa but probably from errant, which being wards or on the sides.
at first applied in its proper significaA'RQUEBUSIER, H. s. [from arquebuse.]
tion to vagabonds, as an errant or ar. A soldier armed with an arquebuse.
rant rogue, that is, a rambling rogue, He compassed them in with fittcen thousand arquebusiers, whom he had brought with him lost, in time, its criginal signification, well appointed.
Knolles. and being by its use understood to im. A'RRACH, O'RRACH, or O'RRAGE. N. s. ply something bad, was applied at
One of the quickest plants both in large to any thing that was mentioned coming up and running to seed. Its with hatred or contempt.] Bad in a leaves are very good in pottage.
high degree. Mortimer's Husbandry.
Country folks, who hallooed and hooted after
me, as at the arrantest coward that ever shewed ARRA'CK, or ARA'CK, n. s. The word
his shoulders to the enemy.
Sidney. arrack is an Indian name for strong
A vain fool grows forty times an arranter sot waters of all kinds; for they call our than before.
L'Estrange spirits and brandy English arrack. But And let him every deity adore, what we understand by the
If his new bride prove not an arrant whore. Dryde arrack, is no other than a spirit pro- A'RRANTLY. adv. [from arrant.] Corcured by distillation from a vegetable ruptly ; shamefully. jnice called toddy, which fows by in Funeral tears are as arrantly hired out as cision out of the cocoa-nut tree.
Artois, where hangings are woven.} china, tea, arrack, and other Indian goods. Tapestry; hangings woven with images.
Thence to the hall, which was on every side TO ARRAIGN. v. a. (arranger, Fr. to
With rich array and costly arras dight. Fairy &. set in order.].
He's going to his mother's closet;
Behind the arras I'll convey myself, I. To set a thing in order, or in its
To hear the process.
Cowell. derived arreach from arracher, Fr.]
His ambitious sons unto them twain
Arraught the rule, and froin their father drew.
Fairy Queen. 2. To accuse; to charge with faults in ARRA'Y. 11. s. (arroy, Fr. arreo, Sp. ar. general, as in controversy, in a satire. redo, Ital. from rege, Teut. order. It
Reverse of nature ! shall such copies then was adopted into the middle Latin, mille
hominum arraitorum, Knighton.] quickly endeavour to lay him there : for while
1. Order, chiefly of war. he despises him, he arraigns and condemns him
The earl espying them scattered near the arin his heart.
my, sent one to conmand them to their array. 3. It has for before the fault.
Hayward. My own enemics I shall never answer; and if
Wert thou sought to deeds your lordship has any, they will not arraign you
That might require th' array of war, thy skill
Of conduct would be such, that all the world for want of knowledge. Dryden. Could not sustain thy prowess.
Miltona ARRA'IGNMENT. 11. s. [from arraign.]
A general sets his army in array The act of arraigning; an accusation; In vain, unless he tight and win the day. Denhami, a charge.
2. Dress. In the sixth satire, which seems only an er A rich chrone, as bright as sunny day, raignment of the whole sex, there is a látent ad On which there sat most brave embellished monition to avoid ill women.
Dijden. With royal robes, and gorgeous array: TO ARRANGE. T. a. (arranger, Ir.]
Fairy Queer, To put in thc proper order for any
In this remembrance, Emily ere day
Arose, and dress'd herself in rich array. Dryden. purpose. I chanc'd this day
3. In law. Array, of the French arroy', To see two knights in travel on my way, i. e. ordo, the ranking or setting forth (A sorry sighe!) arrang d in battle new.
of a jury or inquest of men impannelled
Fairy Queen. How effectually are its muscular fibres ar
upon a cause. Thence is the verb to ranged, and with wat judgment are its columns
array a pannel, that is, to set forth, and furrows disposed!
one by ariother, the men impannelled. ARRA’NGEMENT. n. s. [from arrange.]
Cowell, The act of putting in proper order; the
TO ARRA'Y: v. a. [arroyer, cld Fr.] state of being put in order.
1. To put in order. There is a proper arrangement of the parts
in 2. To deck; to dress ; to adorn the perelasts budies, which may be facilitated by use. 800: with the particle with or in.
Deck thyself now with majesty and excell
A maiden queen.
Jency, and array thyself with glory and beauty. mer issue, is to shew cause why an ine,
quest should not be taken. An arrest Now went forth the morn, is a certain restraint of a man's person, Such as in highest heav'n, array'd in gold Empyreal.
depriving him of his own will, and bindOne vest array'd the corpse, and one they
ing it to become obedient to the will of spread
the law, and may be called the beginning D'er his clos'd eyes, and wrapp'd around his of imprisonment.
Dryden. If I could speak so wisely under an arrest, I 3. In law See ARRAY in law.
would send for my creditors; yet I had as lief ARRA'YERS. n. s. [from array.] Officers have the toppery of freedom, as the morality of who anciently had the care of seeing
Sbakspcare. the soldiers duly appointed in their ar
2. Any caption, seizure of the person. mour.
To the rich man, who had promised himself
ease for many years, it was a sad arrest, that ARRE'AR. adv. [arriere, Fr. behind.] his soul was surprised the first night. Taylor, Behind. This is the primitive significa- 3. A stop. tion of the word, which, though not The stop and arrest of the air sheweth, that now in use, seems to be retained by the air hath little appetite of ascending. Bacon. Spenser. See REAR.
TO ARRE'ST. v. a. [arrester, Fr. to *To leave with speed Atlanta swift arrear, stop.) Through forests wild and unfrequented land 1. To seize by a mandate from a court or To chase the lion, boar, or rugged bear.
ofticer of justice. See ARREST.
Fairy Queen. ARRE’ar. n. s. That which remains be.
Good tidings, my lord Hastings, for the which
I do arrest thee, traitor, of high treason, Shuks. hind unpaid, though due. See AR There's one yonder arrested, and carried to REARAGE.
prison, was worth tive thousand of you all. His boon is giv'n; his knight has gain’d the
2. To seize any thing by law. But lost the prize! th' arrears are yet to pay.
He hath enjoyed nothing of Ford's but twenty
Dryden. pounds of money, which must be paid to master If a tenant run away in arrear of some rent, Brook; his horses are arrested for it. Sbakspeare. the land remains; that cannot be carried away, 3. To seize; to lay hands on; to detain or lost.
by power. It will comfort our grandchildren, when they
But when as Morpheus had with leaden maze See a jew rags hung up in Westminster-hall,
Arrested all that goodly company. Fairy Queen, which cost an hundred millions, whereof they
Age itself, which, of all things in the world, are paying the arrears, and boasting, as beggars
will not be baffled or defied, shall begin to arrest do, that their grandfathers were rich. Swift.
seize, and remind us of our mortality. South. ARRE'ARAGE. n. s. a word now litile
4. To withhold ; to hinder. used. [from arriere, Fr. behind.] The This defect of the English justice was the main remainder of an account, or a sum of impediment that did arrest and stop the course
of the conquest.
Davies. money remaining in the hands of an accountant; or, more generally, any
As often as my dogs with better speed
Arrest her flight, is she' to death decreed. money unpaid at the due time, as ar.
Dryden. rearage of rent.
Cowell. Nor could her virtues, nor repeated vows Paget set forth the king of England's title to
Of thousand lovers, the relentless hand his debts and pension from the French king; Of death arrest.
Philipso with all currearages.
5. He'll grant the tribute, send the arrearages.
To stop motion.
To manifest the coagulative power, we have
arrested the fiuidity of new milk, and turned it The old arrearages under which that crown
into a curdied substance.
Boylam had long groaned, being defrayed, he hath
6. To obstruct; to stop.. brought Lurana to uphold and maintain herself. Howe!'s Vocal Forest. Ascribing the causes of things to secret pro
prieties, hath arrested and laid asleep all true en ARR'AERANCE. 13. s. The same with ar
ARRE'st. n. s. [In horsemanship.) A ARRENTA'Tion. n. s. [from arrendar,
mangey humour between the ham and Span. to farm.) In the forest law, the
pastern of the hinder legs of a horse. licensing an owner of lands in the forest,
Dici. to enclose them with a low hedge and A'r reted. adj. [arrectatus, low Lat.) small ditch, in consideration of a yearly
He that is convened before a judge, rent.
and charged with a crime. It is used ARREPTI'Tious. adj. [arreptus, Lat.)
sometimes for imputed or laid unto ; as, I. Snatched away.
no foily may be arreted to one under 1. (from ad and repo.) Crept in privily.
Corvell. ÄRRE'ST. 1. s. (from arrester, Fr. to stop.] To Arri'de. v. a. (arrideo, Lat.] Į. [In law.] A stop or stay; as, a man
1. To laugh at. apprehended for dcbt, is said to be ar
2. To smile; to look pleasantly upon one. rested. To plead in arrest of judg. ARRIERE. n. s. [ French.] The last body ment, is to shew cause why judgment
of an army, for which we now use rear. should be stayed, though the verdict of
The horsemen might issue forth without distan the twelve be passed. To plead in ar turbance of the foot, and the avant-guard wichrest of taking the inquest upon the for. out shuffling with the battailor arriere.Hayward.
Our poet may
ARRIERE BAN. n. s. (Casseneuve derives Stanley, notwithstanding she's your wife,
this word from arriere and ban : ban And loves not me; be you, good lord, assur'd denotes the convening of the noblesse
I hate not you for her proud arrogance. Sbaks.
Pride hath no other glass or vassals, who hold fees immediately
To shew itself but pride ; for supple knees of the crown ; and arriere, those who Feed
arrogance, and are the proud man's fees. only hold of the king mediately.] A
Shakspeare. general proclamation, by which the Pride and arrogance, and the evil way, and the
froward mouth, do I hate.
Proverbs. king of France summons to the war all that hold of him, both his own vassal3
Dicoursing of matters dubious, and on any
controvertible truths, we cannot, without arroor the noblesse, and the vassals of his
gancy, entrea: a credulity. Brown's Vulg. Er. vassals.
Humility it expresses by the stooping and ARRI'ERF. FEE, or Fier. A fee depend bending of the head; arrogance, when it is lifted
ant on a supcriour one. These fees com or, as we say, tossed up. Dryden's Dufresnoy. menced, when dukes and counts, ren
A'RROGANT adj. [arrogans, Lat.] Given dering their governments hereditary,
to make cxorbitant claims ; haughty ; distributed to their officers parts of the
proud. domains, and permitted those officers
Feagh's right unto that country which he
claims, or the signiory therein, must be vain and to gratify the soldiers under them in
Spenser the same manner.
Anarrogant way of treating with other princes
Temple: ARRISION. 9. s. [arrisio, Lat.] A smiling A'RROGANTLY. odv. [from arrogant.) upon.
In an arrogant manner. ARRI'VAL.A. s. [from arrive.] The act of coming to any place; and, figura
Himself admire the fortune of his play; tively, the attainment of any purpose,
And arrogartly, as his fellows do,
Think he writes well, because he pleases you, How are we chang'd since we first saw the
Drydent. queen! She, like the sun, does still the same appear,
With high ambition, and conceit of prowess
Inherent, arrogantly thus presun'd: · his own island. Broome's Viere of Epic Poetry.
What if this sword, full often drench'd in blood,
Should now cleave sheer the execrable head ARRI'VANCE. N. s. [from arrive. ] Com Of Churchill.
Philips pany coming. Not in use.
A'RROGANTNESS. n. s. [from arrogant.}
arrogance. TO ARRI'VE. v. n. (arriver, Fr. to come on shore.]
To claim vainly; to exhibit unjust 1. To come to any place by water,
claims only prompted by pride. At length arriving on the banks of Nile,
I intend to describe this battle fully, not to Wearied with length of ways, and worn with
derogate any thing from one nation, or to arro toil,
gate to the other.
Hayward. She laid her down.
Dryden. The popes arrogated unto themselves, that the 2. To reach any place by travelling.
empire was held of them in homage.
Raleigh. When we were arrived upon the verge of his
Who, not content estate, we stopped at a little inn, to rest ourselves
With fair equality, fraternal state, and our horses.
Will arrogate dominion undeserv'd
Rome never arrogated to herself any infallibito arrive at; but when the mind is there, it
lity, but what she pretended to be founded up
ARROGA’TION. n. s. [from arrogate.) A proach.
claiming in a proud unjust manner. Dict. It is the highest wisdom by despising the Arrosion. n. so [from arrosus, Lat.) A world to arrive at heaven; they are blessed who gnawing. converse with God.
Taylor. A'rrow. n. s. [arrepe, Sax.] The pointed The virtuous may know in speculation, what they could never arrive at by practice, and avoid
weapon which is shot from a bow. Darts the snares of the crafty.
are thrown by the hand, but in poetry The thing at which we arrive is always
they are confounded. supposed to be good.
I swear to thee by Cupid's strongest bow, 3. To happen : with to before the
By his best arrow with the golden-head. Shaks.
person. This sense seems not proper.
Here were boys so desperately resolved, as to
pull arrozus out of their Hesh, and deliver them Happy! to whom this glorious death arrives, More to be valued than a thousand lives. W'aller.
to be shot again by the archers on their side. To Arro'de. v. a. (arrodo, Lat.) To A'RROWHEAD. n. s. [from arrow and gnaw or nibble.
Dict. A'RROGANCE. | 7. s. [arrogantia, Lat.)
head.] A water plant, so called from A'RROGANCY. $ The act or qnality of
the resemblance of its leaves to the head
of an arrow, taking much upon one's self ; that spe- A'Rrowy. adj. [from arrow.) Consisting
cies of pride which consists in exorbitant
How quick they wheeld, and, flying, behind The art of our necessities is stranger them shot
That can make vile things precious. Sbahsponrc.. Sharp sleet of arrowy show'r against the face
5. Cunning. Of their pursuers, and o'ercame by flight. Milt. More matter with less art.
Sbakspart. ARSE. 1. so [eanse, Sax.] The buttocks, 6. Speculation. or hind part of an animal.
I have as much of this in art as you; To hang an ARSE. A vulgar phrase, -sig But yet my nature could not bear it so. Sbabae nifying to be tardy, sluggish, or dilatory. ARTERIAL. adj. (from artery.] That re*For Hudibras wore but one spur,
lates to the artery; that is contained in *As wisely knowing, could he stir
the artery To active trot one side of 's horse,
Had not the Maker wrought the springy frame, The other would not bang an arse. Hudibras. The blood, defrauded of its nitrous food, ARSE-FOOT. n. s. A kind of water fowl, Had cool'd and languish'd in th' arterial road. called also a didapper. Dict.
Blackmore, ARSE-SMART. 7. so (persicaria, Lat.) An
As this mixture of blood and chyle passeth herb.
through the arterial tube, it is pressed by two
contrary forces; that of the heart driving it forA'RSENAL. n. s. [arsenale, Ital.] A re. ward against the sides of the cubes, and the elas
pository of things requisite to war ; a tick force of the air pressing it on the opposite magazine of military stores.
sides of those air-bladders, along the surface of I would have a room for the old Roman in which this arterial tube creeps.
Arbutbrot. struments of war, where you might see all the ARTERIO'TOMY. n. s. (trom afişire, and ancient military furniture, as it might have been Tipow, to cut.] The operation of letting in an arsenal of old Rome.
blood from the artery: a practice much ARSE’NICAL. adj. [from arsenick.] Containing arsenick; consisting of arsenick. A'RTERY. n. s. (arteria, Lat.) A conical
in use among the French. An hereditary consumption, or one engendered by arsenicai fumes under ground, is incapable
canal, conveying the blood from the of cure.
heart to all parts of the body, There are arsenical, or other like noxious mi Each artery is composed of three coats; of nerals lodged underneath. Woodward, which the tirst seems to be a thread of fine blood A'RSENICK. n. s. [aşcinzoy.] A ponder
vessels and nerves, for nourishing the coats of
the artery; the second is made up of circular, or ous mineral substance, volatile and un
rather spiral fibres, of which there are more or inflammable, which gives a whiteness to
fewer strata, according to the bigness of the armetals in fusion, and proves a violent tery. These fibres have a strong elasticity, by corrosive poison ; of which there are which they contract themselves with some force, three sorts. Native or yellow arsenick,
when the power by which they have been
stretched out ceases. The third and inmost coat called also auripigmentum or orpiment,
is a fine transparent membrane, which keeps is chiefly found in copper mines. White the blood within its canal, that otherwise, upon or crystalline arsenick is extracted from the dilatation of an artery, would easily separate the native kind, by subliming it with a the spiral fibres from one another. As the are proportion of sea salt : the smallest teries grow smaller, these coats grow thinner, quantity of crystalline arsenick, being
and the coats of the veins seem only to be con
tinuations of the capillary arteries. Quincy. mixed with any metal, absolutely de
The arteries are elascie tubes, endued with a stroys its malleability; and a single
contractile force, by which they drive the blood grain will turn a pound of copper into still forward; it being hindered from going backa beautiful seeming silver, but without ward by the valves of the heart. Arbuthnot. ductility. Red arsenick is a preparation A'RTFUL. adj. (from art and full.] of the white, made by adding to it a
1. Performed with art. mineral'sulphur.
The last of these was certainly the most easy, Arsenick is a very deadly poison ; held to the
but, for the same reason, the least ariful. Dryd. fure, it emits fumes, but liquates very little.
2. Artificial; not natural.
Wordward on Fossils. 3. Cunning ; skilful; dexterous. ART. n. š. (art, Fr. ars, Lat.]
O still the same Ulysses, she rejoin'd, 1. The power of doing something not
In useful craft successfully retin’d, taught by nature and instinct ; as, to
Artful in speech, in action, and in mind. Pope.
A'RTFULLY. adv. (from artful.] With wolk is natural, to dance is an art.
Art is properly an habitual knowledge of cer. art; skilfully; dexterously: tain rules and maxims, by which a man is go
The rest in rank: Honoria, chief in place, Verned and directed in his actions. Scub.
Was artfuily contriv'd to set her face
To front the thicket, and beholdthe chace. Dryd. Blest with each grace of nature and of art.
Vice is the natural growth of our corruption. Ey'n copious Dryden wanted, or forgot,
How irresistibly must it prevail, when the seeds The last and greatest art, the art to biut. Pope.
of it are arifully sown, and industriously, cultivated!
Rogers. 2. A science; as, the liberal arts.
Arts that respect the mind were ever reputed A'RTFULNEss. n. so [from artful.] bobler than those that serve the body. B:17onson.
I. Skill. When did his pen on learning fix a brand, Consider with how much artfulness his bulk Or rails at arts he did not understand? Dryden.
and situatiou is contrived, to have just matter 3. A trade.
to draw round him these inassy bodies. Cheyne. This observation is afforded us by the art of 2. Cunning. making sugar.
Boyle ARTHRITICAL 4. Artfulness; skill; dexterity.
adj. [from arthritis.]