« ZurückWeiter »
4. In law.
use or person ; belonging peculiarly. 2. To express liking.
He did institute a band of fifty archers, by It is looked upon as insolence for a man to set the name of yeomen of his guard : and that it up his own opinion against that of some learned might be thought to be rather a matter of dig. doctor, or otherwise approved writer. Locka, nity, than any matter of diffidence appropriate 3. To prove ; to show ; to justify. to his own case, he made an ordinance not tem
His meaning was not, that Archimedes could porary, but to holdin succession for ever. Bacon.
simply in nothing be deceived; but that he had The heathens themselves had an apprehension in such sort approved his skill, that he seemed of the necessity of some appropriate acts of di worthy of credit for ever after, in matters appervine worship.
Stilling fleet. taining to the science he was skilful in. Hooker. APPROPRIATION, n. s. [from sppi prie
In religion, atr ]
What damned errour but some sober brow 1. The application of something to a par
Will bless it, and approve it with a text? Sbak ticular purpose.
That he approves the common liar, Fame, The mind should have distinct ideas of the things, and retain the particular name, with its
Who speaks him thus at Rome. Sbakspeare.
Locke. peculiar appropriation to that iden.
Would'st thou approve thy constancy? Approve First thy obedience.
Milton, 2. The claim of any thing as peculiar.
Refer all the actions of this short life to that He doth nothing but talk of his horse, and
state which will never end; and this will apo make a great appropriation to his good parts, prove itself to be wisdom at the last, whatever that he can shoe him himself. Slalsfeare, the world judge of it now.
Tillotser. 3. The fixing a particular signification to
4. To experience. Not in use. a word.
Oh!’t is the curse in love, and still approv'd, The name of faculty may, by an appropriation Whenwomen cannot love, where they're belov'd. that disguises its true sense, palliate the absurdity.
Sbakspeare. Locke. 5. To make or show to be worthy of ap
probation. Appropriation is a severing of a benefice ec
'The first care and concern must be to approve clesiastical to the proper and perpetual use of himself to God by righteousness, holiness, and some religious house, or dean and chapter, bis
Rogers. shoprick, or college ; because, as persons ordi:1- 6. It has of before the object, when 'it rily have no right of fee simple, these, by reason of their perpetuity, are accounted owners
signifies to be pleased, but may be used of the fee simple; and therefore are called pro
without a preposition ; as, I approve prietors. To an appropriation, after the licence your letter, or, of your letter. obtained of the king in chancery, the consent of I sheved you a piece of black and white stuff, the diocesan, patron, and incumbent, are ne just sent from the dyer; which you were pleased cessary, if the church be full: but if the church to aj prove of, and be my customer for. 'Swift
. be void, the diocesan and the patron, upon the APPROVEMENT. ~.'s. [from approić.] king's licence, may conclude.
Approbation; liking. APPROPRIA'TOR.7.5. (from appropriatt.] It is certain that at the first you were all of
He that is possessed of an appropriated my opinion, and that I did nothing without your benefice.
Hagward. These appropriators, by reason of their perpe- A PIRO'VER. n. s. (from approve.] tuities, are accounied owners of the fee simple;
1. He that approves. and therefore are called proprietors. Ayliffe.
2. He that makes trial. APPRO'VABLE, adj. (trom apirove, ] That
Their discipline, merits approbation.
Now mingled with their courages, will make The solid reason, or confirmed experience, of known any men, is very approvable in what profession To their approvers, they are people such soever.
Brown's Vulgar Errours. As mend upon the world. Sbakspeare. APPROVAL. ". s. [from approve.] sp. 3. In common law, one that, confessing probation : a word rarely found. felony of himself, appealeth or accuseth
There is a censor of justice and manners, with another one or more, to be guilty of out whose approval no capital sentences are to be
the same: and he is called so, because executed.
Temple. APPRO'VANCE. 1, s. [from approve.] Ap
he must prove what he hath alleged in his appeal.
Cowell. probation : a word not much used.
A man of his learning should not so lightly Appro'XIMATE. adj. [from ad, to, and have been carried away with old wives' tales for oximus, near, Lat.] Near to. from approvance of his own reason. Spenser.
These receive a quick conversion, containing Should she seem
approximate dispositions untoanimation. Brotun. Seft'ning the least approvance to bestow, APPROXIMA'TJON. n. s. [from approx2Their colours burnish, and, by hope inspir'd, male.] They brisk advance.
1. Approach to any thing. TO APPROʻVE. v. a. (approuver, Fr. ap Unto the latitude of Capricorn, or the winter probo. Lat.]
solstice, it had been a spring ; for, unto that 1. To like ; to he pleased with.
sition, it had been in a middle point, and that There can be nothing possibly evil which God of ascent or approximation. Brown's Vulg. Er. approvet', and that he approved much more
The fiery region gains upon the inferiour elethan Die doth command. Hooker. ments; a necessary consequent of the sun's gra
Hale. What power was that whereby Medea saw, dual approximation towards the earth. And weil approv'dand praised the bettercourse,
Quadrupeds are better placed according to the When her rebellious sense did so withdraw degrees of their approximation to the human Her feeble pow'rs that she pursu'd the worse?
Grew's Museum, Devics, 2. In science, a continual approach scaret
that thing; yet men do very commonly account
2. To draw near, as time.
3. Attestation; support.
How many now in health
Gay. Shall drop their blood in aprobation
Of what your rev'rence shali incite us to! Sbak. rative sense, as mentally.
He shall approacb unto me: for who is this from prove.] Approbation; commenthat engaged his heart to approach unto me? dation : a word rightly derived, but old.
O most perilous mouths, To have knowledge in all the objects of con That bear in them one and the self-same tongue templation, is what the mind can hardly attain Either of condemnation or approof! Shakspeare, unto; the instances are few of those who have, TO APPRO'PERATE.V.a. ["propeio, Lat.] any measure, approached towards it. Locke,
To hasten; to set forward. Dict. OP 4. To come near, by natural affinity, or
TO APPROPI'NQUATE. v. n. (appropinquo, resemblance; as, the cat approacies to
Lat.] To draw night unto; to apthe tiger. TO APPRO'ACH. V. a.
TO APPROPI'NQUE. v. n. (appropinquo, 1. To bring near to. This sense is rather French than English.
Lat] To approach; to drawn near to. Fr.) C3
A ludicrous word.
The clotted blood within my hose,
That from my wounded body flows, proached unto their roots. Brown's Vulgar Er.
With mortal crisis doth portend By plunging paper thoroughly in weak spirit of wine, and approacbing it to a candle, the spi- APPROPRIABLE. adj. (from appropriate.]
My days to appropinque an end. Hudibras.
Boyle. That may be appropriated ; that may
Dryden. This conceit, applied unto the original of man, 2. To come near to.
and the beginning of the world, is more justly He was an admirable poet, and thought even
appropriable unto its end.
Brown's Vulg. Er. to have approached Homer. Temple. To APPRO'PRIATE. v. a. (approprier, APPRO'ACH. 17. s. [from the verb.]
Fr. approprio, low Lat.] 1. The act of drawing near.
1. To consign to some particular use or If I could bid the seventh welcome with so good a heart as I can bid the other five farewel,
person. I should be glad of his approach.
Things sanctified were thereby in such sort
Shakspeare. 'T is with our souls
appropriated unto God, as that they might never
afterwards again be made common. Hooker. As with our eyes, that after a long darkness As for this spot of ground, this person, this Are dazzled at th' approach of sudden light, thing, I have selected and appropriated, I have
inclosed it to myself and my own use: and I 2. Access.
will endure no sharer, no rival, or companion Honour hath in it the vantage ground to do
South. good; the approach to kings and principal pere Some they appropriated to the gods, sons; and the raising of a man's own fortunes. And sone to publick, some to private ends. Bacon.
Roscommon, 3. Hostile advance.
Marks of honour are appropriated to the maFor England his approaches make as fierce
gistrate, that he might be invited to reverence As waters to the sucking of a gulph.
2. To claim or exercise ; to take to him-
To themselves appropriating
The spirit of God, promis'd alike and giv'n
To all believers.
Milton. person that approaches or draws near.
Why should people engross and appropriate Thou gav'st thine ears, like tapsters, that bid
the common benefits of fire, air, and water, to welcome
L'Estrange: APPRO’ACHMENT. n. s. [from a; proact.]
Shakspeare. Every body else has an equal è ile to it; and
therefore he cannot appropriate, he cannot in
close, without the consent of all his fellow-comAs for ice, it will not concrete but in the ap 3. To make peculiar to something ; to
rioners, all mankind.'
Lockc. froacbment of the air, as we have made trial in glasses of water, which will not easily freeze.
annex by combination. Brown.
He need but be furnished with verses of san. s. [approbatio, Lat.)
cred scripture; and his system, that has appropri
ated them to the orthodoxy of his church, makes
or expressing himself pleased or satisfied.
themimmediately irrefragable arguments. Locke,
We, by degrees, get ideas and names, and
learn their appropriated connection one with Sbaks. another.
Locke. There is no positive law of men, whether re
4. In law, to alienate a benefice. See ceived by formal consent, as in councils, or by
APPROPRIATION, secret aprobation, as in customs, but may be
Before Richard 11. it was lawful to appropri
ate the whole fruits of a benefice to any abbey, The bare approbation of the worth and good
Hooker. the house finding one to serve the cure; that Series of a thing is not properly the willing of APPROPRIATE. adj. [from the verb:) Pc
king redressed that horrid evil. Ayliffe. South,
culiar; consigned to some particular
4. Means of advancing.
To knaves and all approachers.
The act of coming near.
3. The liking of any thing.
Would'st thou approve thy constancy? Approve
use or person ; belonging peculiarly. 2. To express liking.
He did institute a band of fifty archers, by It is looked upon as insolence for a man to set
His meaning was not, that Archimedes could
simply in nothing be deceived; but that he had
Stilling fleet. taining to the science he was skilful in. Hooker.
What damned errour but some sober brow
Will bless it, and approve it with a text ? Sbake
That he approves the common liar, Fame,
Who speaks him thus at Rome. Sbakspeare.
First thy obedience.
Refer all the actions of this short life to that
state which will never end; and this will ap-
prove itself to be wisdom at the last, whatever
Oh!'i is the curse in love, and still approv'd,
5. To make or show to be worthy of ap
probation. Appropriation is a severing of a benefice ec
The first care and concern must be to approve clesiastical to the proper and perpetual use of himself to God by righteousness, holiness, and some religious house, or dean and chapter, bi
6. It has of before the object, when 'it
signifies 10 be pleased, but may be used
He that is possessed of an appropriated my opinion, and that I did nothing without your
APPRO'VER. n. s. [from approve.]
1. He that approves. and therefore are called proprietors. Ayliffe. 2. He that makes trial. APPRO'KABLE, adj. [from apirovr, ] That
Now mingled with their courages, will make
Brown's Vulgar Errohrs. As inend upon the world. Sbakspeare.
There is a censor of justice and manners, with another one or more, to be guilty of
the same: and he is called so, because APPROVANCE, 9. . [from approve.) Ap
he must prove what he hath alleged in
A man of his learning should not so lightly APPRO'XIMATE. adj. [from ad, to, and
approximate dispositions unto animation. Brotvn.
1. Approach to any thing.
Unto the latitude of Capricorn, or the winter probo. Lat.]
solstice, it had been a spring; for, unto that 1. To like ; to be pleased with.
sition, it had been in a middle point, and that
Hocker, ments; a necessary consequent of the sun's gra-
still, and nearer, to the quantity sought, then the centripetal forces of those bodies will
be reciprocally as the squares of the distances. though perhaps without a possibility of
Cbeynt. ever arriving at it exactly.
APT. adj. (aptus, Lat.] APPU'LSE. n. s. Cappulsus, Lat.] The act of striking against any thing.
This so eminent industry in making proselytes, An hectic fever is the innate heat kindled in
more of that sex than of the other, groweth ; to a destructive fire, through the appulse of sa
for that they are deemed apter to serve as inline streams.
struments in the cause. Apter tliey are through In vowels, the passage of the mouth is open
the eagerness of their affection ; apter through and free, without any appulse of an organ of a natural inclination unto piety; apter through speech to another; but in all consonants, there
sundry, opportunities, c. Finally, aptér
Holder. is an appulse of the organs.
through a singular delight which they take in To A'PRICATE. v. 7. Capricor, Lat.] To giving very large and particular intelligence how bask in the sun.
Dici, all near about them stand affected as concerning APRICITY.n. s. Capricitas, Lat.] Warmth
the same cause.
Hooker. of the sun; sunshine.
Dict. 2. Having a tendency to; liable to. A'PRICOT, or A'PRICOCK. n. s. [from
Things natural, as long as they keep thosa
forms which give them their being, cannot posapricus, Lat. sunny.) A kind of wall
sibly be apt or inclinable to do otherwise than fruit.
Hooker. A'PRIL. n. s. [Aprilis, Lat. Avril, Fr.] My vines and peaches on my best south walls
The fourth month of the year, January were apt to have a soot or smuttiness upon their counted first.
leaves and fruits.
Temple. April is represented by a young man in green, 3. Inclined to ; led to; disposed to. with a garland of myrtle and hawthorn buds; You may make her you love, believe it; in one hand primroses and violets, in the other which I warrant she is apter to do, than confess the sign Taurus. Peacbam on Drawing.
Sbakspeare's As you like it. Men are April when they woo, December Men are apt to think well of themselves, and when they wed : Maids are May when they are
of their nation, of their courage and strength. maids, but the sky changes when they are
Sbakspeare's As you like it. One who has not these lights, is a stranger to Apron. n. s. (A word of uncertain ety
what he reads, and apt to put a wrong interpretation upon it.
Addison. mology, but supposed by some to be
Even those who are near the court are apt to contracted from afore on?.] A cloth
deduct wrong consequences, by reasoning upon hung before, to keep the other dress the motives of actions.
What we have always scen to be done in one Give us gold, good Timon: hast thou more? manner, we are apt to imagine there was but, Hold up, you sluts, that one way to do.
Bentley Your aprons mountant.
Shakspeare. 4. Ready ; quick: as, an api wit. The nobility think scorn to go in leather I have a heart as little apt as yours, aprens.
Sbakspeare. But yet a brain that leads my use of anger How might we see Falstaff, and not ourselves
To better vantage.
Sbakspeare. be seen?- Put on two leather jerkins and aprons, s. Qualified for. and wait upon him at his table as drawers. Sbak.
These brothers had awhile served the king in In these figures the vest is gathered up before war, whereunto they were only apt. Sidney. them, like an apron, which you must suppose All that were strong and api for war, even filled with fruits.
Addison. them the king of Babylon brought captive to A'PRON. N. so sin gunnery.] A piece of Babylon.
2 Kings, lead which covers the touch-hole of a TO APT. v. a. Capta, Lat.) great gun.
1. To suit; to adapt. A'PRON of a goose. The fat skin which We need a man that knows the several graces covers the belly.
Of history, and how to upt their places; A'PRON-MAN.n.s. [from apron and man.)
Where brevily, where splendour, and where
height, A man that wears an apron; a work Where sweetness is required, and where weight. man; a manual artificer.
Ben Jonson. You have made good work,
In some ponds, apted for it by nature, they beYou and your apron-men, that stood so much
Walton, Upon the voice of occupation, and
2. To tit; to qualify; to dispose ; to preThe breath of garlick eaters. Sbakspeare.
pare. A'PRONED. adj. [from apron.] Wearing
The king is melancholy, an apron.
Apied for any ill impressions. Denban's Sophy. The cobler apron'd, and the parson gown'd. To A'PTATE. v. a. Luptulum, Lat.} To
Inake fit. A'PSIS. n. s. apsides, plural, [cités.] In To aptate a planet, is to strengthen the planer
astronomy, is applied to two points in in position of house and dignities to the greatese the orbits of planets, in which they are advantage, in order to bring about the desired
end. at the greatest and the least distance from
Beiloy the sun or earth. The higher apsis is APTITUDE. n. s. (French.] more particularly denominated aphelion, 1. Fitness. or apogee; the lower, perihelion, or
This evinces its perfect aptitude and fitness
for the end to which it was aimed, the planting perigee.
Chambers, If bodies revolve in orbits that are pretty near
and nourishing all crue vissue among men.
Decay of Piety, circles, and the apsides of these orbits be fixed;
In an abortion, the mother, besides the frus digested twenty-four hours, then disa
Dessy of Piety. AQUA REGIA, or AQUA REGALIS.
(Latin.) An acid water, so called bea nature and aptitudes, what turns they easily take,
cause it dissolves gold, the king of me. aud what becomes them; what their native stuck.
tals. Its essential ingredient is com. is, and what it is fit for.
Locke. mon sea salt, the only salt which will A'PTLY. du. [from api.]
operate on gold. It is prepared by 1. Propetly; with just connexion, or cor. mixing common sea salt, or sal ammorespondence; fitly:
niack, or the spirit of them, with spirit of
nitre, or common aqua fortis, Chambers. Was aptly fitted, and naturally perform'd. Shak. He adds to his complex idca of gold, that of But what the inass nutritious does divide? fixedness or colubility in aqua regit.
Locke. What makes them aptly to the limbs adhere,
AQUA VITÆ. [Latin. It is commonly In youth increase them, and in age repair ?
understood of what is otherwise called 7. Justly ; pertinently.
brandy, or spirit of wine, either simple Irenæus
very aptly remarks, that those nations or prepared with aromaticks. But some who were not possest of the gospels, had the appropriate the terın brandy to what is same accounts of our Saviour, which are in the procured from wine, or the grape ; evangelists.
aqua viia, to that drawn after the same 3. Readily ; acutely; as, he learned his
manner from malt.
Chambers. business very apily.
I will rather trust a Fleming with my butter, A'PTNESS. n. š. (from apl.]
an Irishman with my agua vite bottle, or a thief 1. Fitness ; suitableness.
to walk with my amoling geiding, than my
wife The nature of every law must be judged of by
Sbakspeare. the aptness of things therein prescribed, unto AQUA'Tick, adj. (aquaticus, Lat. from the same end.
aqua, water.] There are antecedent and independent apt 1. That inhabits the water. nesses in things; with respect to which, they are
The vast variety of worms found in animals, fit to be commanded or forbidden. Norris's Mis. 2. Disposition to any thing : of persons.
as weil terrestrial'as aquatice, are takeninto their
bodies by meats and drinks. Rzy on tbe Creation. The nobles receive so to heart the banishment Brutes may be considered as either aerial, terof that worthy Coriolanus, that they are in a restrial, aquatick, or amphibious. Ageatick are right aptness to take all power from the people. those whose constant abode is upon the water, Sbakspeare.
Locte. 3. Quickness of apprehension ; readiness 2. That grows in the water : applied to to learn.
plants. What should be the aptness of birds, in com Flags, and such like aquaticks, are best de. parison of beasts, to imitatc speech, may be en stroyed by draining. Mortimer's Husbandry: quired.
Bacon. A'QUATile, abj. (aquatilis, Lat.] That 4. Tendency: of things.
inhabits the water. Some seeds of goodness give him a relish of such reflections, as have an aptness to improve
We behold many millions of the aquatile or the mind.
srater frog in ditches and standing plashes.
Addison. AP'TOTE. n. s. [of u and wlucose]
Brown's Vulgar Errouri.
A noun which is not declined with cases.
A'QUEDUCT. n. s. (aqucductus, Lat.) A AQUA.n. s. (Latin.) Water: a word much
conveyance made for carrying water used in chymical writings.
from one place to another; made on AQUA FORTI$. [Latin.) A corrosive
uneven ground, to preserve the level of liquor made by distilling purified nitre
the water, and convey it by a canal. with calcined vitriol, or rectified oil of
Some aqueducts are under ground, and vitriol, in a strong heat : the liquor,
others above it, supported by arches.
Among the remains of old Rome, the gran which rises in fumes red as blood, being deur of the commonwealth shows itself chiefly collected, is the spirit of nitre, or aqua in temples, highways, aqueducts, walls, and foris; which serves as a menstruum for bridges of the city.
Addison. dissolving of silver, and all other metals,
Hither the rills of water are convey'd except gold. But if sea salt, or sal am.
In curious aqueducts, by nature laid
Blackmore. moniack, be added to aqua forts, it А’queous. adj. (from aqua, water, Lat.)
To carry all the humour. commences aqua regia, and will then dissolve nio metal but gold. Chambers.
Watery. The dissolving, of silver in aqua fortis, and
The vehement firerequisite to its fusion, forced gold in aqua regia, and not vice versá, would
away all the aqueous and fugitive moisture. Ray, not be difficult to know,
A'Queousness. n. s. Caquositas, Lat.)
Locke. AQUA MARINA, of ibe Italian lapidaries,
Waterishness. is of a sea or bluish green. This stone A'Quiline. adj. [aquilinus, Latfrom scems to me to be the beryllus of Pliny. aquila, an eagle.] Résembling an eagle;
W odward. AQUA MIRABILIS. [Latin.) The won
when applied to the nose, hooked.
His nose was aquiline, his eyes were blue, derful water, is prepared of cloves, ga
Ruddy his lips, and fresh and fair his hue. Dryd, langals, cubebs, mace, cardamomums,
Gryps signifies some kind of eagle or vulture; nutmegs, ginger, and spirit of wine,
from whence the epithet grypus for an hooked or