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This breach upon kingly power was without
This browniness and insensibility of mind, is 3. Impudent. the best armour against the common evils and TO BRAʼZEN. v. n. To be impudent; to accidents of life.
bully. ; BRA'wny. adj. [from brawn.] Muscu
When I reprimanded him for his tricks, he lous; fleshy; bulky; of great muscles
would talk saucily, lye, and brazen it out, as if and strength.
he had done nothing amiss.
The native energy
You do, if you suspect me in any dishonesty.
-Well said, brazenface; hold it out. Sbaki,
What a brazerfaced varlet art thou, to deny His bones as in a mortar.
thou knowest me? Is it two days ago, since I
tript up thy heels, and beat thee before the
Quick-witted, brazenfaed, with fluent tongues,
Patient of labours, and dissenbling wrongs. TO BRAY. v. n. (broire, Fr. barrio, Lat. )
. 1. To make a noise as an ass.
BRAʼZENNESS. n. s. [from brazen.]
1. Appearance like brass. 'Agad if he should hear the lion roar, he'd
2. Impudence. cudgel him into an ass, and to his primitive BRAʼZIER. n. s. See BRASIER. braying:
Congreve. The halfpence and farthings in England, if you 2. To make an offensive, harsh, or dis
should sell them to the brazier, you would not
lose above a penny in a shilling. Swift agreeable noise. What, shall our feast be kept with slaughter'd BREACH. n. s. [from break; breche, Fr.] men?
1.. The act of breaking any thing. Shall braying trumpets, and loud churlish drums,
you kind gods! BRAY. n. s. [from the verb.]
Cure this great breach in his abused nature. Shak. I. Voice of an ass.
3. A gap in a fortification made by a bat2. Harsh sound.
tery. Boist'rous untun'd drums,
The wall was blown up in two places ; by And harsh resounding trumpets dreadful-bray. which breach the Turķs seeking to have entered,
made bloody fight. BRA’yer. n. s. [from bray.]
Till mad with rage upon the breach he fir’d, 1. One that brays like an ass.
Slew friends and foes, and in the smoke retir'd.
4. The violation of a law or contract. Equal your merits, equal is your din!
That oath would sure contain them greatly, or But, that this well-disputed game may end,
the breach of it bring them to shorter vengeance. Sound forth, my brayers! and the welkin rend.
What are those breacbes of the law of nature 2. [With printers ; from To bray, or
and nations, which do forfeit all right in a nation beat.] An instrument to temper the
to govern? ink.
Breach of duty towards our neighbours, still To BRAZE. v. a. (from brass.]
involves in it a breach of duty towards God. 1. To solder with brass.'
The laws of the gospel are the only standing
rules of morality; and the penalties affixed by hath a worm brazed into it, this niceness is not
God to the breach of those laws, the only guards so absolutely necessary, because that worm is first that can effectually restrain men within the true turned up, and bowed into the grooves of the bounds of decency and virtue. spindle; and you may try that before it is brazed 5. The opening in a coast. in the nut.
But th' heedful boatman strongly forth did 2. To harden to impudence.
stretch I have so often bluished to acknowledge him,
His brawny arms, and all his body strain; that now I am braz'd to it. Slaksp. K. Lear. That th’utmest sandy breach they shortly fetch, If damned custom hath not bruz'd it so,
While the dread danger does behind remain.
6. Difference; quarrel; separation of kind.
It would have been long before the jealousies
and breacbes between the armies would have a fine ruler, for taking the distance. Peacham.
been composed. A bough his brazen helmet did sustain;
7. Infraction ; injury. His heavier arms lay scatter'd on the plain. Dryd. 2. Proceeding from brass : a poetical use.
precedent. Trumpeters, With brazen din blast you the city's ear,
BREAD. n. s. [breob, Saxon.] Make mingle with your rattlingtabourines. Sbak.
I. Food made of ground corn.
Mankind have found the means to make grain
into bread, the lightest and properest aliment for human bodies.
Arbuthnot. Bread, that decaying man with strength sup
plies, And generous wine, which thoughtful sorrow flies.
Pope. 2., Food in general, such as nature re
quires : to get bread, implies, to get suf-
Genesis. If pretenders were not supported by the simplicity of the inquisitive fools, the tride would not find them bread,
Pbilips. I neither have been bred a scholar, a soldier, nor to any kind of business; this creates uneasiness in my mind, fearing 1 shall in time want bread,
Spectator, 3. Support of life at large.
God is pleased to try our patience by the ingratitude of those who, having eaten of our bread, have lift up themselves against us.
King Charles, But sometimes virtue starves, while vice is fed : What then? is the reward of virtue bread? Pope. BREAD.CHIPPER. 11. S.
[from bread and chip.] One that chips bread; a baker's servant; an under butler. No abuse, Hal, on my honour; no abuse Not to dispraise me, and call me pantler, and bread-cbipper, and'I know not what? Sbaksp. BREAD-CORN. n. s. (from bread and corn.]
Corn of which bread is made. There was not one drop of beer in the town; the bread, and bread-coru, sufficed not for six days.
Hayzvard. When it is ripe, they gather it, and, bruising it
among bread-corn, they put it up into a vessel, and keep it as food for their slaves. Broome. BREAD.ROOM. n. s. [In a ship.] A part
of the hold separated by a bulkhead from the rest, where the bread and
biscuit for the men are kept. BREADTH. n. s. [from brad, broad,
Saxon.) The measure of any plain supesficies from side to side.
There is, in Ticinum, a church that hath windows only from above; it is in length an hundred feet, in breadth twenty, and in height near fifty; having a door in the midst.
Bacon, The river Ganges, according unto later relatjons, if not in length, yet in breadth and depth, may excel it.
Brown. Then all approach the slain with vast surprize, Admire on what a breadth of earth he lies. Dryd. In our Gothick cathedrals, the narrowness of the arch makes it rise in height; the lowness opens it in breadtb.
Addison, To BREAK. v. a. pret. I broke, or brake ;
part. pass. broke, or broken. [breccan,
Saxon.] 1. To part by violence.
When I brake the five loaves among five thousand, how many baskets of fragments took ye up?
Mark. Let us break their bands asunder, and cast way their cords from us.
Psalms. A bruised reed should be got break.
See, said the sire, how soon 't is done ;
Swift. 2. To burst or open by force.
Or could we break our way by force. Milton,
Moses tells us, that the fountains of the earth were bruke open, or clove asunder. Burnet's Th.
Into my hand he forc'd the tempting gold, While I with modest struggling broke his hold.
Gay. 3. To pierce; to divide, as light divides
By a diin winking lamp, which feebly broke The gloomy vapour, he lay stretch'd along. Dryd. 4. To destroy by violence.
This is the fabrick, which, when God breaketla down, none can build up again. Burnet. 5. To batter; to make breaches or gaps in.
I'd give bay Curtal, and his furniture,
Sbakspeare. 6. To crush or destroy the strength of the body.
O fatlier abbot!
The breaking of that parliament
Have not some of his vices weakened his body, and broke his health? have not others dissipated his estate, and reduced him to want?
Tillotson. 7. To sink or appal the spirit.
The defeat of that day was much greater than it then appeared to be; and it even broke the heart of his army.
Clarendon I'll brave her to her face; I'll give my anger its free course against her: Thou shalt see, Phænix, how I'll break her pride.
Pbilips. 8. To crush; to shatter.
Your hopes without are vanish'd into smoke; Your captains taken, and your armies broke.
Dryden. 9. To weaken the mental faculties.
Opprest nature sleeps : This rest night yet have balm'd thy broken senses, Which, if conveniency will not allow, Stand in hard cure.
Sbakspeare. If any dabbler in poetry dares venture upon the experiment, he will only break his brains.
Felton. 10. To tame; to train to obedience ; to enure to docility,
What boots it to break a colt, and to let him straight run loose at random? Spenser, Why, then thou can’st not break her to the
lute -Why, no; for she hath broke the lute to me.
Sbakspears. So fed before he's broke, he'll bear Too great a stomach patiently to feel The lashing whip, or chew thecurbing steel. May. That hot-mouth'd beast that bears against the
curb, Hard to be broker even by lawful kings. Dryd.
No sports but what belong to war they know; To break the stubborn colt, to bend the bow.
Dryden. Virtucs like these Make human nature shine, reform the soul, And break our fierce barbarians into men. Addisa
He breaks up house, turns out of doors his minde
Shells being lodged amongst mineral matter,
After taking the strong city of Belgrade, Soly. man, returning to Constantinople, broke up his
and there lay still the whole year follows.
Collier. 38. To break upon the wheel. To pudisha
Behold young Juba, the Numidian prince, 12. To reform: with of..
some time after they became christians. Grete.
Addison. 23. To open something new; to propound II. To make bankrupt.
something by an overture: as if a seal The king 's grown bankrupt, like a broken man.
were opened. For this few know themselves : for merchants
When any new thing shall be propounded, no
counsellor should suddenly deliver any positive broke View their estate with discontent and pain.
opinion, but only hear it, and, at the most, but
to break it, at first, that it may be the better une
I, who much desir'd to know speaks,
Of whence she was, yet fearful how to break Attracts all fees, and little lawyers breaks. Dryd.
My mind, adventur'd humbly thus to speak. A command or call to be liberal all of a sud
Dryden den, impoverishes the rich, breaks the merchant, and shuts up every private man's exchequer.
24. To break the back. To strain or dis
Soutb. locate the vertebres with too heavy bur12. To discard; to dismiss.
dens. I see a great officer broken.
I'd rather crack my sinews, break my baik, 13. To crack or open the skin, so that
Than you should such dishonour undergo. Sbak the blood comes.
23. To break the back. To disable one's She could have run and waddled all about,
fortune. even the day before she broke her brow; and then
O, many my husband took up the child. Sbakspeare.
Have broke their backs with laying manors on 'em, Weak soul! and blindly to destruction led :
For this great journey.
Sbakspeare. She break her heart ? --she'll sooner break your 26. To break a deer. To cut it up at head.
Dryden. table. 14. To make a swelling or imposthúme 27. To break fast. To eat the first time open.
in the day.
Lovers break not hours,
When the price of corn falleth, men generally
give over surplus tillage, and break no more
ground than will serve to supply their own turn. I never more will break an oath with thce. Sbak.
Careewa Did not our worthies of the house,
The husbandman must first break the land, Before they broke the peace, brock vows? before it be made capable of good seed. Devics.
Hudibras. 16. To infringe a law.
29. To break ground. To open trenches. Unhappy man! to break the pious laws
30. To break the heart. To destroy with Of nature, pleading in his children's cause.
my lord, enter here.
beart? 17. To stop; to make cease.
I'd rather break inine atun. Sbakspeares Break their talk, mistress Quickly; my kins Should not all relations bear a part? man shall speak for himself. Sbakspeare. 18. To intercept.
It were enough to break a single beart. Dryden. Spirit of wine, mingled with common water,
31. To break a jest. To utter a jest imyet so as if the first fall be broken, by means of a
expected. sop, or otherwise, it stayeth above.
32. To break the neck. To lux, or put out Think not my sense of virtue is so small;
the neck joints. I'll rather leap down first, and break
fall. I had as lief thou didst break bis neck, as his Dryden.
33. To break off. To put a sudden stop to;
34. To break off. To preclude by some
obstacle suddenly interposed. Then from hér rosy lips began to speak. Dryd.
To check the starts and sallies of the soul, 19. To interrupt.
And break of* all its commerce with the tongue.
35. To break up. To dissolve ; to put a Brike by the melancholy midnight bell. Dryden.
sudden end to. The father was so moved, that he could only
Who cannot rest till he good fellows find; command his voice, broke with sighs and sobbings, so far as to bid her proceed. Addison. The poor shade shiv'ring stands, and must not
He threatened, that the tradesmen would beat break His painful silence, till the mortal speak. Tickel,
the meeting. Sometimes in broken words he sigh'd his carc; 36. To break up. To open ; to lay open Look'd pale, and wembled, when he view'd the
fair. 20. To separate company.
pressions of the shells. Did not Paul and Barnabas dispute with that vehemence, that they were forced to break conpany?
Atterbury. 21. To dissolve any union.
army, It is great folly, as well as injustice, to break
ing. off se noble a relation.
by stretching a criminal upon the wheel,
and breaking his bones with bats. 89. To break wind. To give vent to wind
in the body. To BREAK. v. n. 1. To part in two. Give sorrow words; the grief that does not
speak Whispers the o'erfraught heart, and bids it break.
Shukspeare. 4. To burst. The clouds are still above; and, while I
Dryden, 3. To spread by dashing, as waves on a rock.
At last a falling billow stops his breath, Breaks o'er his head, and whelms him underneath.
Dryden. He could compare the confusion of a multitude to that tumult in the Icarian sea, dashing
and breaking among its crowd of islands. Pope. 4. To break as a swelling; to open, and discharge matter.
Some hidden abscess in the mesentery, breaking some few days after, was discovered to be an aposteme.
Harvey. Ask one, who had subdued his natural rage, how he likes the change ; and undoubtedly he will tell you, that it is no less happy than the ease of a broken imposthume, as the painful ga
thering and filling of it. Decay of Picty. s. To open as the morning.
The day breaks not, it is my heart,
Donne. When a man thinks of ány thing in the darkness of the night, whatever deep impressions it may make in his mind, they are apt to vanish as the day breaks about him.
Addison. 6. To burst forth ; to exclaim.
Shakspeare. 3. To become bankrupt.
I did mean, indeed, to pay you with this; which, if, like an ili venture, it come unluckily home, I break, and you, my gentle creditors, lose.
Sbakspeare. He that puts upon
adventures, doth oftentimes break, and come to poverty:
Yet thus, methinks, I hear them speak :
Savift. 9. To issue out with vehemence. Whose wounds, yet fresh, with bloody hands
he strook, While from his breast the dreadful accents broke.
Pope. 1o. To make way with some kind of suddenness, impetuosity, or violence.
Calamities may be nearest at hand, and readiest to break in suddenly upon us, wbich we, in regard of times or circumstances, may imagine to be farthest off.
Hooker. The three mighty men broke through the lost of the Philistipes.
They came unto Judah, and brake inco it.
2 Chronicles. Or who shut up the sea within doors, when it brake forth as if it had issued out of the womb?
Milton. He resolved that Balfour should use his utmost endeavour to break through with his whole body of horse.
Clarendon. When che channel of a river is overcharged with water, more than it can deliver, it necessarily breaks over the banks to make itself room.
Huile Sometimes his anger breaks through all dis
guises, And spares not gods nor men. Denbam. Till throuzh those clouds the sun of know
ledge brake, And Europe from herlethargy did wake. Denham. O! couldst thou break through fate's severe
decree, A new Marcellus should arise in thee. Dryden.
At length I've acted my severest part ! I feel the woman breaking in upon me, And melt about my heart; my tears will flow.
Addison. How does the lustre of our father's actions, Through the dark cloud of ills that cover him, Break out, and burn with more triumphant blaze!
Addisor And yet, methinks, a beam of light breaks in On my departing soul.
Addison. There are some who, struck with the usefulness of these charities, break through all the dirficulties and obstructions that now lie in the way towards advancing them.
Atterbury: Almighty Pow'r, by whose most wise command, Helpless, forlorn, uncertain, here I stand; Take this faint gliminering of thyself away, Or break into my soul with perfect day! ArbutK.
See heav'n its sparkling portals wide display, And break upon thee in a flood of day! Pape.
I must pay her the last duty of friendship, whererer she is, though I break through the whole plan of life which I have formed in my mind.
Swifi. 11. To come to an explanation.
But perceiving this great alteration in his friend, he thought fit to break with him thereof.
Sidney: Stay with me awhile; I am to break with thee of some affairs That touch me near.
Slakspears. Break with them, gentle love, About the drawing as many of their husbands Into the plut as can.
Ben forsen. 12. To fall out; to be friends no longer.
Be not afraid to break
Ben Jonson, To break upon the score of danger or expence, is to be mean and narrow-spirited. Coilier.
Sighing, he says, we must certainly break, And my cruel unkindness compels him to speak.
Prior. 13. To break from. To go away with some vehemence.
How didst thou scorn life's meaner charms, Thou who couldse break from Laura's arms!
Roscomminon. Thus radiant from the circling crowd he bruker And thus with manly modesty he spoke. Dryshe
This custom makes bigots and scepticks; and those that break from it, are in danger of heresy.
Lecke. 14. To break in. To enter unexpectedly,
without proper preparation,
The doctor is a pedant, that, with a deep voice, and a magisterial air, breaks in upon conversation, and drives down all before him.
Addison. 15. To break loose,
captivity. Who would not, finding way, break loose from
hell, And boldly venture to whatever place Farthest from pain?
Milton. 16. To break loose. To shake off restraint.
If we deal falsely in covenant with God, and break loose from all our engagements to him, we release God from all the promises he has made to us.
Tillotson. 17. To break off. To desist suddenly.
Do not peremptorily break off, in any business, in a fit of anger; but howsoever you shew bitterness, do not act any thing that is not revocable.
Bacon. Pius Quintus, at the very time when that memorable victory was won by the christians at Lepanto, being then hearing of causes in consistory, broke of suddenly, and said to those about him, It is now more time we should give thanks to God.
Bacon. When you begin to consider whether you may safely take one draught more, let that be
accounted a sign late enough to break of. Taylor. 18. To break of" from. To part from with violence. I must from this enchanting queen
Sbakspeare. 19. To break out. To discover itself in sudden effects.
Let not one spark of filthy lustful fire
Spenser. They smother and keep down the flame of the mischief, so as it may not break out in their time of government; what comes afterwards, they care not.
Spenser. Such a deal of wonder has broken out within this hour, that ballad makers cannot be able to express it.
Sbaks; care. As fire breaks out of fiint by percussion, so wisdom and truth issueth out by the agitation of argument.
Allturn'd their sides, and to each other spoke;
Milton. There can be no greater labour, than to be always dissembling; there being so many ways by which a smothered truth is apt to blaze, and break out.
Soutb. There are men of concealed fire, that doch not break out in the ordinary circumstances of life.
Addison. A violent fever broke out in the place, which swept away great multitudes.
Addison. 20. To break out. To have eruptions from
the body, as pustules or sores. 21. To break out. To become dissolute.
He broke not out into his great excesses, while he was restrained by the councils and authority of Seneca.
Dryden. 22. To break up. To cease ; to intermit.
It is credibly affirmed, that, upon that very day when the river first riseth, great plagues in
Cairo use suddenly to break up. Bacon. 23. To break up. To dissolve itself.
These, and the like conceits, when men have
cleared their understanding by the light of expe. rience, will scatter and break up like mist. Bicon,
The speedy depredation of air upon watery moisture, and version of the same into air, appeareth in nothing more visible than the sudden discharge or vanishing of a little cloud or breath, or vapour, from glass, or any polish'd body; for the mistiness scattereth, and breaketb up suddenly.
Bacon, . But, ere he came near it, the pillar and cross of light brake up, and cast itself abroad, as it were into a firmament of many stars.
Bacon. What we obtain by conversation, is oftentimes lost again, as soon as the company breaks up, or, at least, when the day vanishes.
Watts. 24. To break up. To begin holidays; to be dismissed from business.
Our army is dispers'd already: Like youthful steers unyok'd, they took their
course East, west, north, south; or, like a schoolbroke up, Each hurries tow'rds his home and sporting place.
Sbatspeare. 25. To break with. To part friendship
There is a slave, whom we have put in prison, Reports the Volscians, with two several powers, Are enter'd in the Roman territories -Go see this rumourer whirt. It cannot be The Volscians dare break with us. Shakipeare. Can there be any thing of friendship in snares
, hooks, and trapans? Whosoever ireiks viib his friend upon such terms, has enough to warrant him in so doing, both before God and man. Scutb.
Invent some apt pretence
Dryder. 26. It is to be observed of this extensive
and perplexed verb, that in all its sig. nifications, whether active or neutral, it has some reference to its primitire inean. ing, by implying either detrineat, suddenness, violence, or separation. It is used often with additional particles, sup, out, in, off, forth, to modify its signi
fication. BREAK. 1. s. (from the verb. ] 1. State of being broken; opening. From the
break of day until noon, the roaring of the cannon never ceased.
K polic. For now, and since first break of day, the tend, Mere serpent in appearance, forth was come.
They must be drawn from far, and without breaks, to avoid the multiplicity of lines. Dryd.
The sight of it would be quite lost, did it not sometimes discover itself though the breaks and
openings of the woods that grow about it. 2. A pause; an interruption. 3. A line drawn, noting that the sense is suspended.
All modern trash is
Cardinal, I'll be no breaker of the law. Shaks.
were not employed to be places to hear God's law, there would be need of them
to be prisons for the breakers of the laws of mell. 2. A wave broken by rocks or sandbanks:
a term of navigation. To BRE'A KFAST. v.n. (from break and fast.] To eat the first meal in the day
As soon as Phæbus' rays inspect us,