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This browniness and insensibility of mind, is 3. Impudent. the best arniour against the common evils and TO BRAʻzen.v. n. To be impudent; to accidents of life.
bully. BRA'WNY. adj. [from brawn.] Muscu
When I reprimanded him for his tricks, he lous; fleshy; bulky; of great muscles would talk saucily, lye, and brazen it out, as if and strength.
he had done nothing amiss. Arbutbrot. The bratuny fool, who did his vigour boast, BRA'ZEN FACE. n. s. [from brazen and In that presuming confidence was lost. Dryden. face.] An impudent wench: in low lan
The native energy
guage. Starves and destroys thc fruit; is only made
You do, if you suspect me in any dishonesty. For brawny bulk, and for a barren shade. Dryd. BR A'ZEN FACED. 'adj. [from brazenface.]
-Well said, brazenjace; hold it out. Shakip. TO BRAY.v.a. (bracan, Sax. braier, Fr.] To pound, or grind small.
Impudent; shameless. I'll burst him ; I will bray
What a brazenfaced varlet art thou, to deny His bones as in a mortar.
thou knowest me? Is it two days ago, since I Except you would bray Christendom in a
tript up thy heels, and beat thee before the king?
Sbakspeare. mortar, and mould it into a new paste, there is no possibility of a holy war.
Quick-witted, brazenfac’d, with fluent tongues,
Patient of labours, and dissembling wrongs. To BRAY. v. n. (broire, Fr. barrio, Lat.]
Dryden. 1. To make a noise as an ass.
BRAʼZENNESS. n. s. (from brazen.]
1. Appearance like brass. 'Agad if he should hear the lion roar, he'd
2. Impudence. cudgel him into an ass, and to his primitive BRA'ZIER. n. s. See BRASIER. braying.
The halfpence and farthings in England, if you 2. To make an offensive, harsh, or dis
should sell them to the brazier, you would not
lose above a penny in a shilling, agreeable noise.
Stif: What, shall our fcast be kept with slaughter'd BREACH. n. s. (from break; breche, Fr.] men?
The act of breaking any thing. Shall braying trumpets, and loud churlish drums,
Dashing the garment of this peace, aboded
O you kind gods! BRAY. n. s. [from the verb.]
Cure this great breath in his abused nature. Sbak. I. Voice of an ass.
gap in a fortification made by a bat2. Harsh sound.
tery. Boist'rous untun'd drums,
The wall was blown up in two places; by And harsh resounding trumpets dreadful brzy. which breach the Turks seeking to have entered,
Krcles. BRA’YER. n. s. (from bray.]
Till mad with rage upon the breach he fir’d, 1. One that brays like an ass.
Slew friends and foes, and in the smoke retir'd.
Dryden. Hold ! cried the queen; a cat-call each shall win;
4. The violation of a law or contract. Equal your merits, equal is your din!
That oath would sure contain them greatly, or But, that this well-disputed game may end,
the breach of it bring them to shorter vengeance. Sound forth, my brayers! and the welkin rend.
What are those breacbes of the law of nature 2. (With printers; from To bray, or
and nations, which do forfeit all right in a nation to govern?
Bacen. beat.] An instrument to temper the
Breacb of duty towards our neighbours, still ink.
involves in it a breach of duty towards God. To BRAZE. v. a. (from brass.]
Souil. 1. To solder with brass.
The laws of the gospel are the only standing If the nut be not to be cast in brass, but only rules of morality; and the penalties afhwed by hath a worm brazed into it, this niceness is not God to the breach of those laws, the only guards so absolutely necessary, because that worm isfirst that can effectually restrain men within the true turned up, and bowed into the grooves of the bounds of decency and virtue. Rogers. spindle; and you may try that before it is brazed 5. The opening in a coast. in the nut.
Moxon. But th' heedful boatman strongly forth did 2. To harden to impudence.
stretch I have so often blushed to acknowledge him,
His brawny arms, and all his body strain; that now I am braz'd to it.
Sbaksp: K. Lear.
That th’útmost sandy breach they shortly fetch, If damned custom hath not bruz'd it so,
While the dread danger does behind remain. That it is proof and bulwark against seuse. Sbak.
Spenser. BRA’zen. adj. (from brass.]
6. Difference; quarrel; separation of kind. 1. Made of brass. It was anciently and properly written brasen.
It would have been long before the jealousies Get also a small pair of brazen compasses, and
and breacbes between the armies would bave a fine ruler, for taking the distance. Peacham.
Clarendon. A bough his brazen helmet did sustain; 7. Infraction ; injury. His heavier arms lay scatter'd on the plain. Dryd. This breach upon kingly power was without 2. Proceeding from brass : a poetical use.
BREAD. n. s. [breos, Saxon.] With brazen din blast' you the city's ear, I. Food made of ground corn. Make mingle with your rattling tabourines. Sbak. Mankind have found the means to make grain
üto bread, the lightest and properest aliment for See, said the sire, how soon 't is done;' human bodies.
Arbuthnot. The sticks he then broke one by one : Bread, that decaying man with strength sup So strong you 'll be, in friendsnip tied; plies,
So quickly broke, if you divide. Swift, And generous wine, which thoughtful sorrow 2. To burst or open by force. fies.
Pope. Or could we break our way by force. Milton. 2. , Food in general, such as nature re
Moses tells us,
that the fountains of the earth quires: to get bread, implies, to get suf were oruke open, or clove asunder. Burnet's Tb. ficient for support without luxury.
Into my hand he forc'd the tempting gold, In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread.
While I with modest struggling broke his hold. Genesis.
Gay. If pretenders were not supported by the sim 3. To pierce; to divide, as light divides plicity of the inquisitive fools, the tree would darkness. not find them bread,
L'Estrange. By a dimn winking lamp, which feebly broke This dowager oh whom my tale I found, The gloomy vapour, he lay stretch'd along. Dryd. A simple sober life in patience led,
4. To destroy by violence. And had but just enough to buy her bread,
This is the fabrick, woich, when God breaketla
Dryden. down, none can build up again. Burnet, When I submit to such indignities,
5. To batter ; to make breaches or gaps Make me a citizen, a senator of Rome;
in. To sell my country, with my coice, for bread.
I'd give bay Curtal, and his furniture,
Mymouth no more were broken than these boys, nor to any kind of business; this creates uneasi
And writ as little beard.
Sbakspeare. ness in my mind, fearing Í shall in time want 6. To crush or destroy the strength of the bread,
body. 3. Support of life at large.
O fatlier abbot! God is pleased to try our patience by the in
An old man, broảen with the storms of state, gratitude of those who, having eaten of our Is come to lay his weary bones among ye; bread, have lift up themselves against us.
Give him a little earth for charity. Sbakspeare. King Charles
The breaking of that parliament But sometimes virtue starves, while vice is fed : Broke him; as that dishonest victory What then? is the reward of virtue bread? Pope. At Chæronea, fatal to liberty, BREAD.CHIPPER. n. s. [from bread and
Kili'd with report that old man eloquent. Milt.
Have not some of his vices weakened his chip.] One that chips bread; a baker's
body, and broke his health? have not others disa servant; an under butler.
sipated his estate, and reduced him to want? No abuse, Hal, on my honour; no abusco
Tillotson. Not to dispraise me, and call me pantler, and bread-chipper, and I know not what? Sbaksp.
7. To sink or appal the spirit. BREAD-CORN. n. s. [from bread and corn.)
The defeat of that day was much greater than
it then appeared to be; and it even broke the Corn of which bread is made.
heart of his army.
Clarendon. There was not one drop of beer in the town;
I'll brave her to her face; the bread, and bread-corn, sufficed not for six I'll give my anger its free course against her: days.
Hayward. Thou shalt see, Phønix, how I'll break her When it is ripe, they gather it, and, bruising pride.
Philips. it among bread-corn, they put it up into a vessel,
8. To crush ; to shatter. and keep it as food for their slaves. Broome.
Your hopes without are vanish d into smoke; BREAD-ROOM. N. s. [In a ship.] A part
Your captains taken, and your armies broke. of the hold separated by a bulkhead
Dryden. from the rest, where the bread and '9. To weaken the mental faculties. biscuit for the men are kept.
Opprest nature sleeps : BREADTH. n. s. [from brad, broad, This rést might yet have balm dthy broken senses, Saxon.] The measure of any plain su
Which, if conveniency will not allow,
Sbakspeare. perficies from side to side.
If any dabbler in poetry dares venture upon There is, in Ticinum, a church that hath win
the experiment, he will only break his brains. dows only from above; it is in length an hund
Felton. red feet, in breadtb twenty, and in height near fifty; having a door in the midst. Bacon.
10. To tame ; to train to obedience ; to The river Ganges, according unto later rela
enure to docility. tions, if not in length, yet in breadth and depth,
What boots it to break a colt, and to let him may excel it.
Spenser, Then all approach the slain with vast surprize,
Why, then thou can’st not break her to the
lute Admire on what a breadth of earth he lies. Dryd. In our Gothick cathedrals, the narrowness of
-Why, no; for she hath broke the lute to me. the arch makes it rise in height; the lowness
Sbakspears. opens it in breadtb.
So fed before he's broke, he 'll bear TO BREAK. v. a. pret. I broke, or brake ;
Too great a stomach patiently to ietel
The lashing whip,or chew thecurbing steel. May. part. pass. broke, or broken. [breccan,
That hot-mouth'd beast that bears against the Saxon.]
curb, 1. To part by violence.
Hard to be broken even by lawful kings. Dryd. When I brake the five loaves among five thou No sports but what belong to war they know; sand, how many baskets of fragments took ye To break the stubborn colt, to bend the bow. up! Mark,
Dryden. Let us break their bands asunder, and cast
Virtues like these svay their cords from us.
Psalms. Make human nature shine, reform the soul, A bruised seed stered bacon sut break. Isaiah, And break our fierce barbarians into men. Addisa
Behold young Juba, the Numidian prince, 22. To reform: with of..
Addison. 23. To open something new; to propound II. To make bankrupt.
something by an overture: as if a seal The king 's grown bankrupt, like a broken man.
were opened. For this few know themselves : for merchants
When any new thing shall be propounded, no
counsellor should suddenly deliver any positive broke
opinion, but only hear it, and, at the most, but View their estate with discontent and pain.
to break it, at first, that it may be the better une derstood at the next meeting.
Bacar With arts like these rich Matho, when he
I, who much desir'd to know speaks,
Of whence she was, yet fearful how to break Attracts all fees, and little lawyers breaks. Dryd. A command or call to be liberal all of a sud
My mind, adventur'd humbly thus to speak.
Dryden. den, impoverishes the rich, breaks the merchant, and shuts up every private man's exchequer.
24. To break the back. To strain or dis
South. locate the vertebres with too heavy bur12. To discard; to dismiss.
dens. I see a great officer broken.
I'd rather crack my sinews, break my back, 13. To crack or open the skin, so that Than you should such dishonour undergo. Sbak the blood comes.
25. To break the back. To disable one's She could have run and waddled all about,
fortune. even the day before she broke her brow; and then
O, many, my husband took up the child.
Have broke their backs with laying manors on 'em, Weak soul! and blindly to destruction led :
For this great journey.
Sbakspears. She break her heart !--she 'll sooner break your 26. To break a deer. To cut it up at head.
Dryden. table. 14. To make a swelling or imposthüme 27. To break fast. To eat the first time open.
in the day. 15. To violate a contract or promise. 28. To break ground. To plough. Lovers break not hours,
When the price of corn falleth, men generally Unless it be to come before their time. Sbaksp. give over surplus tillage, and break no mors
Pardon this fault, and by my soul I swear, ground than will serve to supply their own turi. I never more will break an oath with thce. Sbak.
Career Did not our worthies of the house,
The husbandman must first break tbe land, Before they broke the peace, break vows? before it be made capable of good seed. Davies.
29. To break ground. To open trenches. 16. To infringe a law,
30. To break the beart. To destroy with Unhappy man! to break the pious law's Of nature, pleading in his children's cause.
Good my lord, enter here.
-Will 't break my beart? 17. To stop; to make cease.
I'd rather break inine own. Sbakspeare. Break their talk, mistress Quickly; my kins Should not all relations bear a part ? man shall speak for himself. Sbaks
speare. It were enough to break a single beart. Dryden. 18. To intercept.
31. To break a jest. To utter a jest unSpirit of wine, mingled with common water, yet so as if the first fall be broken, by means of a
expected. sop, or otherwise, it stayeth above. Bacon.
32. To break the neck. To lux, or put out Think not my sense of virtue is so small;
'the neck joints. I'll rather leap down first, and break your fall.
I had as lief thou didst break bis neck, as his Dryden. fingers.
Sbakspeare. As one condemn’d to leap a precipice, 33. To break off. To put a sudden stop 10; Who sees before his eyes the depth below, to interrupt. Stops short, and looks about for some kind shrub 34. To break off. To preclude by some To break his dreadful fall.
Dryden. She held my hand, the destin'd blow to break,
obstacle suddenly interposed. Then from her rosy lips began to speak. Dryd.
To check the starts and sallies of the soul,
And break of all its commerce with the tongue. 19. To interrupt.
Addison, Some-solitary cloister will I chocse; Coarse my attire, and short shall be my sleep,
35. To break up. To dissolve ; to put a Bruke by the melancholy midnight bell. Dryden.
sudden end to. The father was so moved, that he could only
Who cannot rest till he good fellows find; command his voice, broke with sighs and sob
He breaks up house, turns out of doors his minde bings, so far as to bid her proceed. Addison.
Herbert. The poor shade shiv'ring stands, and must not
He threatened, that the tradesmen would beat break
out his teeth, if he did not retire, and break sp His painful silence, till the mortal speak. Tickel.
Arbatina, Sometimes in broken words he sigh'd his carc, 36. To break up. To open ; to lay open. Look'd pale, and trembled, when he view'd the Shells being lodged amongst mineral matter, fair,
Gay. when this comes to be broke up, it exhibits in. 20. To separate company.
pressions of the shells.
Woodward Did noe Paul and Barnabas dispute with that 37. To break up. To separate or disband. vehemence, that they were forced to break com After taking the strong city of Belgrade, Soly. pany?
Atterbury. man, returning to Constantinople, broke up his 21. To dissolve any union.
army, and there lay still the whole year follos. It is great folly, as well as injustice, to break
Knelker. oft se noble a relation.
Collier. 38. To break upon the wheel, To punish
by stretching a criminal upon the wheel,
and breaking his bones with bats. 89. To break wind. To give vent to wind
in the body. T. BREAK. V. 13. 1. To part in two. Give sorrow words; the grief that does not
speak Whispers the .o'erfraught heart, and bids it break.
Shakspeare. 2. To burst. The clouds are still above; and, while I
Dryden. 3. To spread by dashing, as waves on a rock.
At last a falling billow stops his breath, Breaks o'er his head, and whelms him underneath.
Dryden. He could compare the confusion of a multitude to that tumult in the Icarian sea, dashing
and breaking among its crowd of islands. Pope. 4. To break as a swelling; to open, and discharge matter.
Some hidden abscess in the mesentery, breaking some few days after, was discovered to be an aposteme.
Harvey. Ask one, who had subdued his natural rage, how he likes the change; and undoubtedly he will tell you, that it is no less happy than the ease of a broken imposthume, as the painful ga
thering and filling of it. Decay of Picty. 6. To open as the morning.
The day breaks not, it is iny heart,
Donne. When a man thinks of any thing in the darkness of the night, whatever deep impressions it may make in his mind, they are apt to vanish as the day breaks about him.
Addison. 6. To burst forth ; to exclaim.
Sbakspeare. 7. To become bankrupt.
I did mean, indeed, to pay you with this; which, if, like an ill venture, it come unluckily home, I break, and you, my gentle creditors, lose.
Sbakspeare. He that puts all upon adventures, doth oftentimes break, and come to poverty. Bacon.
Cutler saw tenants breuk, and houses fall, For very want; he could not build a wall. Pope. 8. To decline in health and strength.
Yet thus, mcthinks, I hear them speak:
Poor gentleman! he droops apace. Stuift. 9. To issue out with vehemence. Whose wounds, yet fresh, with bloody hands
he strook, While from his breast the dreadful accents brcke.
Popes 10. To make way with some kind of suddenness, impetuosity, or violence.
Calamities may be nearest at hand, and readiest to break in suddenly upon us, which we, in regard of times or circumstances, may imagine to be farthest off,
Hooker. The three mighty men broke through the host of the Philistines.
They came unto Judah, and brako into it.
2 Chronicles. Or who shut up the sea within doors, when it brake forth as if it had issued out of the womb?
Job. This, this is he; softly awhile, Let us not break in upon him. Milton.
He resolved that Balfour should use his ut. most endeavour to break through with his whole body of horse.
Clarendon. When the channel of a river is overcharged with water, more than it can deliver, it necessarily breaks over the banks to make itself room.
Hoke. Sometimes his anger breaks through all dis
guises, And spares not gods nor men. Denbam. Till through those clouds the sun of know
ledge braši, And Europe from herlethargy did wake. Denbam. O! couldst thou break through fate's severs
decree, A new Marcellus should arise in thee. Dryden.
At length I've acted my severest part !
Addison. How does the lustre of our father's actions, Through the dark cloud of ills that cover him, Break out, and burn with more triumphant blaze!
Addison. And yet, methinks, a beam of light breaks in On my departing soul.
Addison. There are some who, struck with the userul. ness of these charities, break through all the dif. ficulties and obstructions that now lie in the way towards advancing them.
Atterbury. Almighty Pow'r, by whose most wise command, Helpless, forlorn, uncertain, here I stand; Take this paint glimmering of thyself away, Or break into my soul with perfect day! Arhuta.
See heav'n its sparkling portals wide display, And break upon thee in a flood of day! Pope.
I must pay her the last duty of friendship, wherever she is, though I break through the whole plan of life which I have formed in niy mind.
Swift. II. To come to an explanation.
But perceiving this great alteration in his friend, he thought fit to Treak with him thereof.
Sidney. Stav with me awhile; I am to break with thee of some airs That touch me near.
Slediteert. Break with them, gentle love, About the drawing as many of their husbands luto the plut as can.
Ben jensen. 12. To fall out ; to be friends no longer.
Be not afraid to break
Benfonsin. To break upon the score of danger or expence, is to be moan and narrow-spirited. Collier.
Sizhing, he says, we must certainly break, And my cruel unkindness compels him to speak.
Prior. 13. To break from. To go away with soire vehemence.
How didst thou scorn life's meaner charms, Thou who couldst break from Laura's arms!
Roscommon. Thus radiant from the circling crowd he broker And thus with manly modesty he spoke. Dritha
This custom makes bigots and scepticks; and these shat break from it, are in danger of heresy.
Leiks. 14. To break in. To enter unexpectedly,
without proper preparation,
The doctor is a pedant, that, with a deep cleared their understanding by the light of expe. voice, and a magisterial air, breaks in upon con rience, will scatter and break up like mist. B 2con versation, and drives down all before him.
The speedy depredation of air upon watery
Addison. moisture, and version of the same into air, apa 15. To break loose. To escape from cap peareth in nothing more visible than the sudden tivity.
discharge or vanishing of a little cloud or breath, Who would not, finding way, break loose from or vapour, from glass, or any polish'd body; for hell,
the mistiness scattereth, and breaketb up suddenAnd boldly venture to whatever place
Bacon. Farthest from pain?
But, ere he came near it, the pillar and cross 16. 2o break loose. To shake off restraint. of light brake up, and cast itself abroad, as it If we deal falsely in covenant with God, and
were into a firmament of many stars. Bacon. break loose from all our engagements to him, we
What we obtain by conversation, is oftentimes relcase God from all the promises he has made
lost again, as soon as the company breaks up, or, Tillotson.
at least, when the day vanishes. 17. To break off. To desist suddenly:
24. To break up. To begin holidays; to Do not peremptorily break off, in any business,
be dismissed from business. in a fit of anger; but hou soever you shew bit
Our army is dispers'd already: terness, do not act any thing that is not revoca Like youthful steers unyok'd, they took their ble.
Bacon. Pius Quintus, at the very time when that me East, west, north, south; or, likea schoolbroke up, morable victory was won by the christians at
Each hurries tow'rds his home and sporting place. Lepanto, being then hearing of causes in con
Sbatspeare. sistory, broke of suddenly, and said to those 25. To break with. To part friendship about him, It is now more time we should give thanks to God.
Bacon. There is a slave, whom we have put in prison, When you begin to consider whether you Reports the Volscians, with two several powers, may safely take one draught more, let thať be Are enter'd in the Roman rerricories.
accounted a sign late enough to break off. Taylor. -Go see this rumourer whirt. It cannot be 18. To break off from. To part from with The Volscians dare break with us. Sbakspeare. violence.
Can there be any thing of friendship in snares, I must from this enchanting queen break off. hooks, and trapans? Whosoever breeds wiib his
friend upon such terms, has enough to warrant 19. To break out. To discover itself in
him in so doing, both before God and man. Scatb.
Invent somie apt pretence sudden effects.
To break with Bertram.
Dryder. Let not one spark of filthy lustful fire Break out, that may her sacred peace molest.
26. It is to be observed of this extensive Spenser.
and perplexed verb, that in all its siga They smother and keep down the fame of nifications, whether actinue or neutral, it the mischief, so as it may not break out in their has some reference to its primitive mean. time of government; what comes afterwards,
ing, by implying either detrimeat, sudthey care not.
Spenser. Such a dcal of wonder has broken out within
denness, violence, or separation. It is this hour, that ballad makers cannot be able to
used often with additional particles, up, express it.
Sbaksj'eare. out, in, off, forti, to modify its signi. "As fire breaks out of fint by percussion, so
fication. wisdom and truth issueth out by the agitation of BREAK. N. s. [from the verb.] argument.
Howel. 1. State of being broken; opening. Fully ripe, his swelling fate breaks out,
From the breck of day until noon, the roaring And hurries him to mighty mischiefs on. Dryd.
of the cannon never ceased. Allturn’d their sides, and to each other spoke; I saw their words break out in fire and smoke.
For now, and since first break of day, the fend, Dryden.
Mere serpent in appearance, forth was come. Like a ball of fire, the further thrown, Still with a greater blaze she shone,
They must be drawn from far, and without And her bright soul broke out on ev'ry side.
breaks, to avoid the multiplicity of lines. Bryd
. The sight of it would be quite lost, did it not
Milton, There can be no greater labour, than to be
sometimes discover itself though the breaks and always dissembling; there being so many ways
openings of the woods that grow about it.,
Addisas. by which a smothered truth is apt to blaze, and break out.
2. A pause; an interruption. There are men of concealed fire, that doth
3. A line drawn, noting that the sense is not break out in the ordinary circumstances of suspended. life.
All modern trash is A violent fever broke out in the place, which Set forth with num'rous breaks and dashes. Swift. swept away great multitudes.
Addison. BRE'AKER. N. s. [from break.] 20. To break out. To have eruptions from 1. He that breaks any thing. the body, as pustules or sores.
Cardinal, I 'll be no breaker of the law. Shats, 21. To break out. To become dissolute.
If the churches were not employed to be places He broke not out into his great excesses, while
to hear God's law, there would be need of their he was restrained by the councils and authority to be prisons for the breakers of the laws of mel. of Seneca.
South. Dryden. 22. To break up. To cease ; to intermit. 2. A wave broken by rocks or sandbanks: It is credibly affirmed, that, upon that very
a term of navigation. day when the river first riseth, great plagues in To BR E'A KFAST. v. n. [from break and Cairo use suddenly to break up. Bacon.
fast.] To eat the first meal in the day 23. To break up. To dissolve itself.
As soon as Phæbus' rays inspect us, These, and the like conceits, when men have First, sir, I read, and then I breakfast. Prieto.