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BRA'GLY, adv. (from brag.] Finely ; 'so 2. That part in which the understanding as it may be bragad.
is placed ; therefore taken for the un. Seest not thilk hawthorn stud,
derstanding: How brag'y it begins to bud,
The fotce they are under is a real force, and And utter his tender head?
that of their fate but an imaginary conceived Flora now calleth forth each flower,
one; the one but in their brains, the other on And bids him make ready Maia's bower. Spenser. their shoulders.
Himmond. To BRAID. v.a. [brædan, Saxon) To A man is tirst a geometrician in his brain, beweave together.
fore he be such in luis hand,
Hale. Close the serpent sly,
3. Sometimes the aticctions : this is not Insinuating, wove cíth gordian twine
common, nor proper. His braided train, and of his fatal guile
My son Edgar! had he a hand to write this, a Gave proof unheed d.
Milton, heart and brain to breed it in ? Osier wands, lying loosely, may each of them To BRAIN. v.a. [from the noun.) To be easily dissociated from the rese; but, when braided into a basket, they cohere strongly. Boyle.
dash out the brains ; to kill by beating A ribband did the braided tresses bind;
out the brains. The rest was loose, and wanton'd in the wind. Why, as I told thee, 't is a custom with him
j' th afternoon to sleep; there thou may'st Since in braided gold her foot is bound,
Outlaws of nature,
Fit to be shot and brain'd, without a process, BRAID.n. s. [ırom the verb.] A texture;
To stop infection; that 's their proper death.
Dryden. a knot, or complication of something Next seiz'd two wretches more, and headlong woven together.
cast, Listen where thou art sitting,
Brain'd on the rock, his second dire repast. Pope. Under the glossy, cool, translucent wave,
BRA'INISH. adj. [from brain.] Hocheaded; In twisted braids of lilies knitting The loose train of thy amber-dropping hair.
furious; as cerebrosus in Latin, Milton,
In his lawless fit,
Behind the arras hearing something stir,
He whips his rapier out, and cries, a rat!
And in his brainish apprehension, kills
The unseen good old man. In graceful braids, with various ribbon bound.
. BR A'Inless, adj. [from brain.] silly; B& AID. adj. [To brede, in Chaucer, is to thoughtless ; witless. deceive.] An old word, which seems
Some brainless men have, by great travel and
labour, brought to pass, that the church is now to signify deceitful.
ashamed of nothing more than of saints. Huokot. Since Frenchmen are so breid,
If the dull brainless Ajax come safe off, Marry 'em that will. P'll live and die a maid.
We 'll dress him up in voices.
Sbakspeare. Sbakspears. The brainless stripling, who, expellid the town, BRAILS. n. s. [sea term.] Small ropes Damn'd the stiff college and pedantick gown, reeved through blocks, which are seized Aw'd by thy name, is dumb.
Tickel. on either side the ties, a little off upon BR A'INPAN. n. s. [from brain and pan.) the yard; so that they come down be The skull containing the brains. fore the sails of a ship, and are fastened With those huge bellows in his hands, he blows at the skirt of the sail to the crengles.
New tire into my head; my brainpan glows. Their use is, when the sail is furled
Dryden. acros, to hail up its bunt, that it may
BRA'INSICK. adj. [from brain and sick.)
Diseased in the understanding ; addle. the more readily be taken up or let fall.
headed; giddy; thoughtless.
Nor once deject the courage of our minde, BRAIN. n. s. [brægen, Sax. bregne, Because Cassandra's mad; her brainsick raptures Dutch.)
Cannot distaste the goodness of a quarrel. Shaks. I. That collection of vessels and organs in They were brainsick men, who could neither
the head, from which sense and motion endure the government of their king, nor yet arise.
thankfully receive the authors of their deliver.
Knolles. The brain is divided into cerebrum and cerebel. lam. Cerebrum is that part of the brain which BRA'INSICKLY. adv. (from brainsick.] possesses all the upper and forepart of che cra Weakly; headily. nium, being separated from the cerebellum by the
Why, worthy Thane, second process of the dura mater, under which You do unbend your noble strength, to think the cerebellum is situated. The substance of the So brainsiskly of things. Shakspeare. brain is distinguished into outer and inner; the BRA'INSICKNESS. n. s. [from brainsick.] former is called sorticalis, cinerea, or glands Indiscretion ; giddiness. losa; the latter, medullaris, elbe, or nervea.
BRAIT. n. s. [among jewellers.] A rough diamond.
Dici. IF I be served such another trick, I'll have BRAXE. The preterit of break. my brains ta'en out, and buttered, and give them
Shakspeare. to a dog for a new year's gift.
He thought it sufficient to correct the multi
tude with sharp words, and brake out into this Thai man proportionably hath the largest
Kgoller. brain, I did, I confess, somewhat doubt, aud cons Crived it might have failed in birds, especially BRAKE, n. so [of uncertait etymology.) such as ha ing little bodies, have yet large I. A ilickei of brambles, or of thorns. cranies, and seem to contain much rain, as A dog of this town used duly 57 pes and woodcocks; but, upon trial, i tunid is and to carry the same unto a blind mastiti, chat very true,
Arron's Polgar Errours. bay in a brake without inte towa. Carew.
If I'm traduc'd by tongues, which neither The belief of this was of special importance know
to confirm our hopes of another life, on which My faculties nor person ; let me say,
so many branches of christian piety do immedi"T is but the fate of place, and the rough brake ately depend.
Hammond, That virtue must go through. Sbakspeare:
In the several branches of justice and charity, In every bush and brake, where hap may find comprehended in those general rules, of loving The serpent sleeping.
Milton. our neighbour as ourselves, and of doing to others Full little thought of him the gentle knight, as we would have them do to us, there is nothing Who, flying death, had there conceal’d his flight; but what is most fit and reasonable. Tillotson. In brakes and brambles hid, and shunning mortal This precept will oblige us to perform our duty, sight.
according to the nature of the various branches 2. It is said originally to mean fern.
Rogers. BRAKE.n. s.
3. Any part that shoots out from the rest. I. An instrument for dressing hemp or flax.
And six branches shall come out of the sides 2. The handle of a ship's pump.
of it; three brancbes of the candlestick out of 3. A baker's kneadingtrough.
the one side, and three branches of the candle-
Exodus. 4. A sharp bit or snafile for horses. Dict.
His blood, which disperseth itself by the A smith's brake is a machine in which branches of veins, may be resembled to waters horses, unwilling to be shod, are con
carried by brooks.
Raleigb. fined during that operation.
4. A smaller river running into, or pro. Bra'ky. adj. [from brake.] Thorny ;
ceeding from, a larger. prickly; rough.
If, from a main river, any branch be separated Redeem arts from their rough and braky seats,
and divided, then, where that branch doth first
bound itself with new banks, there is that part where they lie hid and overgrown with thorns,
of the river, where the branch forsaketh the main to a pure open light, where they may take the
stream, called the head of the river. Raleigh eye, and may be taken by the hand. Ben Jonson.. BRA’MBLÉ. n. so [briemlar, Sax. rubus, 5. Any part of a family descending in a Lat.]
collateral line. 1. The blackberry bush ; the raspberry
His father, a younger branch of the ancient
stock planted in Somersetshire, took to wife the
Great Anthony! Spain's well-beseeming pride,
Thou mighty branch of emperours and kings!
Crasbar. 2. It is taken, in popular language, for
7. The antlers or shoots of a stag's horn. any rough prickly shrub.
8. The branches of a bridle are two pieces The bush my bed, the bramble was my bow'r, The woods can witness many a woful store.
of bended iron, that bear the bit-mouth, Spenser.
the chains, and the curb, in the interval There is a man haunts the forest, that abuses between the one and the other. our young plants with carving Rosalind on
Farrier's Dict. their barks ; hangs odes upon hawthorns, and 2. [In architecture.] The arches of Go. elegies on brambles; all, forsooth, deifying the
Shakspeare. name of Rosalind.
thick vaults; which arches transversing Thy younglings, Cuddy, are but just awake,
from one angle to another, diagonal No thrustles siurill the bramblc bush forsake. Gay.
wise, form a cross between the other BRA'M BLING. n. s. A bird, called also a arches, which make the sides of the mountain chafinch.
Dict. square, of which the arches are diag. BRAN. n. s. [brenna, Ital.] The husks of
onals. corn ground ; the refuse of the sieve. To BRANCH. v. n. (from the noun.]
From me do back receive the flow'r of all, 1. To spread in branches. And leave me but the bran. Shakspeare.
They were trained together in their childhoods, The citizens were driven to great distress for and there rooted betwixt them such an affection, want of victuals; bread they made of the coarsest which cannot choose but branch now. Shakspeare. bran, moulded in cloths; for otherwise it would The cause of scattering the boughs, is the not cleave together.
Hayward. hasty breaking forth of the sap; and therefore In the sifting of fourteen years of power and those trees rise not in a body of any height, but favour, all that came out could not be pure meal, branch near the ground. The cause of the pyrabut must have among it a certain mixture of mis, is the keeping in of the sap, long before it padar and bran, in this lower age of human fra branch, and the spending of it, when it begingility.
Wotton. neth to branch, by equal degrees.
Plant it round with shade
Straight as a line in beauteous order stood 1. The shoot of a tree from one of the
Of oaks unshorn a venerable wood: main boughs.
Fresh was the grass beneath, and ev'ry tree Why grow the branches, when the root is gone?
At distance planted, in a due degree, Why wither not the leaves that want their sap?
Their branching arms in air, with equal space,
Stretch'd to their neighbours with a long em
Sbakspeare. brace. 2. Any member or part of the whole ; any distinct article; any section or sub
One sees her thighs transform’d; another views
Her arms shot out, and branching into boughs. division. Your oaths are past, and now subscribe
your 2. To spread into separate and distinct names, That his own hand may strike his honour down,
parts and subdivisions. That violates the smallest branch herein. Sbaksp.
The Alps at the one end, and the long range of Appenines that passes through the body of its
bransb out, on all sides, into several different Wav'd over by that flaming brand; the gate divisions.
Addison. With dreadful faces throng'd, and fiery arms If we would weigh, and keep in our minds,
Milton. what it is we are considering, that would best 3. A thunderbolt. instruct us when we should, or should not, The sire omnipotent prepares the brand, branch into farther distinctions.
Locke. By Vulcan wrought, and arms his potent hand. 3. To speak diffusively, or with the di.
Granville. stinction of the parts of a discourse. 4. A mark made by burning a criminal
I have known a woman branch out into a long with a hot iron, to note him as infadissertation upon the edging of a petticoat.
mous; a stigma.
Spectator. Clerks convict should be burned in the hand, 4. To have horns shooting out into antlers. both because they might taste of some corporal The swift stag from under ground
punishment, and that they might carry a brand Bore up his branching head.
Bacon. TBRANCH.V. al.
The rules of good and evil are inverted, and a 1. To divide as into branches.
brand of 'infamy passes for a badge of honour. The spirits of things animate are all continued
L'Estrange. within themseives, and are branched into canals, 5. Any note of infamy. as blood is; and the spirits have not oniy Where did his wit on learning fix a brand, branches, but certain cells or seats, where the And rail at arts he did not understand? Drydene principal spirits do reside.
Bacon. . TO BRAND. V. a. (branden, Dutch.] To orn with needlework, represent mark with a brand, or note of infamy. ing lowers and sprigs.
Have I liv'd thus long a wife, a true one, In robe of lily white she was array'd,
Never yet branded with suspicion? Sbakspeare. That from her shoulder to her heel down raught, The king was after branded, by Perkin's proThe train whereof loose far behind her stray'd, clamation, for an execrable breaker of the rights Brancbed with gold and pearl, most richly of holy church.
Spenser. Brand not their actions with so foul a name; BRANCHER. n. s. [from branch.]
Pity, at least, what we are forc'd to blame. Dryd. 1. One that shoots out into branches.
Ha! dare not for thy life, I charge thee, dare If their child be not such a speedy spreader and brancber, like the vine, yet he may yield, To brand the spotless virtue of my prince. Rowe. with a little longer expectation, as useful and
Our Punick faith more sober fruit than the other. Wotton. Is infamous, and branded to a proverb. Addison 2. [branchier, Fr.] In falconry, a young The spreader of the pardons answered him an hawk.
easier way, by branding him with heresy. Atterb. I enlarge my discourse to the observation of BRA'NDGOOSE. n. s. A kind of wild fowl, the eires, the brancher, and the two sorts of less than a common goose, having its lentners.
breast and wings of a dark colour. Dict. BRA'NCHINESS. s. [from branchy.]
TO BRA'NDISH. v. a. (trom brand, a Fulness of branches.
sword.] BRA'NCHLESS. adj. [from branch.)
1. To wave, or shake, or flourish, as ą I. Without shoots or boughs.
weapon. 2. Without any valuable product; naked.
Disduining fortune, with his brandisb'd steel, I lose myself; better I were not yours,
Like valour's minion, carved out his passage. Than yours so branchless. Shakspeare.
Sbazéspeare, ERA'NCHY, adj. (from branch.] Full of He said, and brandishing at once his blade, branches; spreading;
With eager pace pursued the fiaming shade. Trees on trees O'erthrown
Dryden. Fall crackling round him, and the forests groan; Let ine march their leader, not their prince: Sudden full cwenty on the plain are strow'd, And at the head of your renown'd Cydonians And lopp'd and lighten'd of their brancby load. Brandish this sword.
Smith. Pope. 2. To play with ; to flourish. What carriage can bear away all the various,
He, who shall employ all the force of his rude, and unwieldy loppings of a branchy tree, at
reason only in brandisbing of syllogisms, will disonce ?
Locke. BRAND. n n. s. (brand, Saxon.]
BRA’NDLING. 1. s. A particular worm. I. A stick lighted, or fit to be lighted, in
The dew-worm, which some also call the lobo the fire.
worm, and the bring, are the chief. Waltor. Have I caught thec?
BH A'NDY. n. s. (contracted from brandeHe that parts us shall bring a brand from heav'n,
wine, or burni wine.] A strong liquor And fire us hence.
distilled from wine. Take it, she said, and when your needs require,
If your master lageth at inns, every dram of This little brand will serve to light your fire.
brandy extraordinary that you drink, raiseth his Dryden. character,
Swifi's Footizan. If, with double diligence, they labour to re BRA'YDY-WINE. The same with brandy, trieve the hours they have lost, they shall be I: has been a common saying, A hair of the saved; though this is a service of great difficulty, same dog; and thought that brandy-zvine is a and like a brand plucked out of the fire. Rugers. com:non relief to such,
IV isemene 2. (brando, Ita!. brandar, Runick.) A BRA'NGLE 1. s. luncertainly derived.] sword, in old language.
Scabble; wrangle; litigious contest. They looking back, all th' eastern side beheld The payment of evihes is subject to many of Paradise, so late their happy seat!
frauds, biangles, and otser difficulties, not only
from papists and dissenters, but even from those And damned sprights scnt forth to make ill men who profess themselves protestants. Swift.
Spenser. To BRA'NGIS, V. n. [from the noun.] BRAT. n. s. [its etymology is uncertain; To wrangle; to quabble.
bratt, in Saxon, signifies a blanket; When polite conversing shall be improved, from which, perhaps, the modern sig. company will be no longer pestered with dull
nification may have come.] story-tellers, nor brangling disputers. Swift. BRA'NGLEMENT. *. s. [from brangle.]
1. A child, so called in contempt.
He leads them like a thing The same with brangle.
Made by some other deity than nature, Bea's K. n. s. Buckwheat, or brank, is a That shapes man better; and they follow him,
grain very useful and advantageous in Against us brats, with no less contidende dry barren lands.
Thau boys pursuing summer butterflies. Sbakspx
This brat is none of mine: BRA'NNY. adj. [from bran.] Having the
Hence with it, and, together with the dam, appearance of bran.
Commit them to the fire.
Sbakspeare: It became serpiginous, and was, when I saw it, sovered with white branny scales.
The friends, that got the brats, were poisou'd Wiseman.
too; BKA'SEN. adj. (trom brass.] Made of In this sad case what could our vermin do? Rase.
brass. It is now less properly written, Jupiter summoned all the birds and beasts beaccording to the pronunciation, brazen.
fore him, with their brats and little ones, to see BRA'SIER. n. s. [from brass.]
which of them had the prettiest children. L'Edr.
I shall live to see the invisible lady, to whom 3. A manufacturer' that works in brass.
I was obliged, and whom li never beheld since There is a fellow somewhat near the door, he
she was a brat in hanging sleeves. should be a brasier by his face.
Swifi. Shakspeare. I give command to kill or save, Brasiers that turn andirons, pots, kettles, &c. Can grant ten thousand pounds a-year, have their lathe made different from the com And make a beggar's brat a peer. Swift. mon turners lathe.
Moxon. . 2 A pan to hold coal. (probably from em
2. The progeny; the offspring,
The two late conspiracies were the brats and braser, Fr.]
offspring of two contrary factions. Soutb. It is thought they had no chimneys, but were BRAVA'DO. n. s. [from bravada, Span.) warmed with çoals on brasiers. Arbuthnot.
A boast ; a brag. BRASI'Lo | . so An American wood, Spain, to make good the bravado, Brazi'...) commonly supposed to have Names it the invincible Armado, Anonymous.
been thus denominated, because first BRAVE. adj. (brave, Fr.] brought from Brasil, though Huet shews 1. Courageous; daring ; bold; generous ; it had been known by that name many high-spirited. years before the discovery of that coun An Egyptian soothsayer made Antonius betry; and the best sort comes from Fer lieve, that his genius, which otherways was
brave and confideni, was, in the presence of nambuc. It is used by turners, and takes
Octavius Cæsar, poor and cowardly.
Bacor. a good polish; but chiefly in dying, From armed foes to bring a royal prize, though it gives but a spurious red. Shows your breve heart victorious as your eyes Chambers.
Walter. BRASS. 1. s. [bras, Sax. prés, Welsh.] 2. Gallant ; having a noble mien; lofty; 1. A yellow metal made by mixing copper
graceful. with lapis calaminaris. It is used, in
I'll prove the prettier fellow of the tio, popular language, for any kind of metal
And wear my dagger with a braver grace. Skaks, in which copper has a part.
3. Magnificent; grand. Brass is made of copper and calaminaris. Bacon,
Rings put upon his fingers,
And brave attendants near him, when he wakes; Men's evil manners live in brass, their virtues
Would not the beggar then forget himself? Shake ve write in water,
Sbakspeare. But whosoe'er it was nature design'd Let others mold the running mass
First a brave place, and then as brave a mind. Of metals, and inform the breathing brass. Dryd.
Denhas. 2. Impudence.
4. Excellent; noble: it is an indeter BRASSINESS. n. s. [from brassy.] An ap minate word, used to express the super
pearance like brass ; some quality of abundance of any valuable quality is brass.
men or things. BRA'ssy. adj. (from brass.]
Let not old age disgrace my high desire; 1. Partaking of brass.
O heavenly soul, in human shape contain'd! The part in which they lie, is near black, with
Old wood infiam'd doth yield the bravest fire, some sparks of a brassy pyrites in it. W codivard.
When younger doth in smoke his virtue spend. 2. Hard as brass.
If there be iron ore, and mills, iron is a brave Losses,
commodity where wood aboundeth. Enough to press a royal merchant down, And pluck commiseration of his state
If a statesman has not this science, he must be
subject to a braver man than himself, whose from brassy bosoms, and rough hearts of Aint.
province it is to direct all his actions to this end.
Sbakspeare. 3. Impudent.
BRAVE. n. s. [brave, Fr.] BRAST. particip adj. [from burst.] Burst; 1. A hector; a man daring beyond de broken. Obsolete.
cency or discretion. There creature never past,
Hoí braves, like thee, may fight, but knots That back returned without licavenly grace,
not well Bus drendful Curies which thcis atains have brast, To manage this, the last great stake. Drottnih
Morat 's too insolent, too much a brave;
How now? Sir John! what, are you brawling His courage to his envy is a slave. Dryden.
here? 2. A boast ; a challenge ; a defiance.
Does this become your place, your time, your
business? Thcreend thy brave, andturn thy face in peace;
Slakspeare's Heurs iv. We grant thou canst outscold us. Shak pourt.
Their batt'ring cannon charged to the mouths, TO BRAVE. v. a. (from the noun.]
Till their soul-fearing clamours have brawld
down 1. To defy; to challenge; to sct at defiance.
The flinty ribs of this contemptuous city. Shaks. He upbraids lago, that he made him
In council she gives licence to her tongue, Brave me upon the watch: Shakspeare; Loquacious, brawling, ever in the wrong. Dryd. My nobles leave me, and my state is brav'd,
Leave all noisy contest, all immodest clamours, Iv'n at my gates, with ranks of foreign powers. brawling language, and especially all personal
Seakspeare. scandal and scurrility, to the meanest part of the The ills of love, not those of fate, I fear;
Watts. These I can brave, but those I cannot bear. Dryd. Like a rock unmov’d, a rock chat braves
2. To speak loudly and indecently. The raging tempest, and the rising waves. Dryd.
His divisions, as the times do brawl,
Are in three heads; one pow'r against the French, 2. To carry a boasting appearance of. And one against Glendower. Sbakspeare. Both particular persons and factions are apt
3. To make a noise. This is little used. enough to tlatter themselves, or, at least, to brave
As he lay along that which they believe not.
Under an oak, whose antique root peeps out. BRA'VELY. adj. (from brave.] In a brave
Upon the brook that brawls along this wood. manner; courageously; gallantly; splen
BRAWL. n. s. (from the verb.] Quarrel ; Mártin Swart, with his Germans, performed noise ; scurrility bravely.
He findeth, that controversies thereby are No fire, nor foe, nor fate, nor night,
made but brawls; and therefore wisheth, that, The 'Trojan hero did affright,
in some lawful assembly of cliurches, all these Who bravely twice renew'd the fight. Denham..
strifes may be decided.
Hooker. Your valour bravely did th' assault sustain, Never since that middle summer's spring And fill'd the motes and ditches with the slain. Met we on hill, in dale, forest, or mead,
But with thy brawls thou hast disturb'd our sport. BRA'VERY. n. s. [from brave.]
Sbakspeare. 1. Courage ; magnanimity; generosity ;
That bonum is an animal, gallantry.
Made good with stout polemick brawl.Hudibras. It denotes no great bravery of mind, to do
BRA'WLER. 11.5. (from brawl.] A wrang. that out of a desire of fame, which we could not ler; a quarrelsome, noisy fellow. be prompted to by a generous passion for the An advocate may incur the censure of the glory of him that made us.
Spectator. court, for being a brawler in court, on purpose Juba, to all the bravery of a hero,
to lengthen out the cause.
Ayliffe. Adds softest love and more than female sweet BRAWN.n. s. (of uncertain etymology.]
1. The fleshy or musculous part of the 2. Splendour; magnificence.
body. Where all the bravery that eye may see,
The brawo of the arm must appear full, And all the happiness that heart desire,
shadowed on one side; then shew the wrist-bone Is to be found. Spenser. thereof.
Peaban. 3. Show; ostentation.
But most their looks on the black monarch Let princes choose ministers more sensible of
bend, duty than of rising, and such as love business His rising muscles and his brawn commend;
rather upon conscience than upon bravery.Bacon. His double biting ax, and beamy spear, 4. Bravado ; boast.
Each asking a gigantick force to rear. Dryden. Never could man, with more unmanlike 2. The arın, so called for its being musa bravery, use his tongue to her disgrace, which culous. lately had sung sonnets of her praises. Sidney, I 'll hide my silver beard in a gold beaver,
For a bravery upon this occasion of power, And in my vantbrace put this wither'd bratur. they crowned their new king in the cathedral
Sbakspeare. church of Dublin.
Bacon. There are those that make it a point of
Once more to hew thy target from thy brawn. bravery, to bid defiance to the oracles of divine
L'Estrange. 3. Bulk; muscular strength. Bravo. n. s. [bravo, Ital.] A man who The boist 'rous hands are then of use, when I, murders for hire.
With this directing head, those hands apply;
Brawn without brain is thine. For boldness, like the bravoes and banditti, is
Dryden. seldom employed, but upon desperate services.
4. The flesh of a boar. Government of the Tongue.
The best age for the boar is from two to five No bravoes here profess the bloody trade,
years, at which time it is best to geld him, or Nor is the church the murd'rer's refuge made.
sell him tor brawn.
N1ortimet, Gay. 5. A boar. To BRAWL. v. n. [brouiller, or brauler, BRA'WNER. n. s. [from brawn.] A boar French.)
killed for the table. 1. To quarrel noisily and indecently.
At Christmas time be careful of your fame;
See the old tenant's table be the same;
Then if you would send up the brawner head,
Sweet rosemary and bays around it spread. King, Here comes a man of comfort, whose advice BRA'WNINESS. n. s. [from brawny.] Hath often stil'd my brawling discontent. Sbak, Strength; hardiness. VOL.I.
I had purpose