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Pacing through the forest,
Poilies. By chewing, solid aliment is divided into susil parts: in a human body, there is no other instrument to perform this action but the teeth. By the action of cbewing, the spittle and mucus are squeezed from the glands, and mixed with the aliment; which action, if it be long conti. nued, will turn the aliment into a sort of chyle.
Arbuthnot on Aliments, 2. To meditate ; to ruminate in the
While the fiece monk does at his trial stand, He chetus revenge, abjuring his offence:
Guile in his tongue, and murder in his hand, He stabs his judge, to prove his innocence.
Prior. 3. To taste without swallowing.
Heaven 's in my mouth,
Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to be cbewed and digested: that is, some books are to be read only in parts; others to be read, but not curiously; and sone few to be read wholly, with attention.
Bacon. TO CHEW. mn. To champ upon; to rumitite.
I will with patience hear, and find a time;
Shakspeare, Inculcate the doctrine of disobedience, and then leave the multitude to chew upon 't.
Pope. . CHICANE. n. s. [chicane, Fr. derived hy
Menage from the Spanish word chico,
little) 1. The art of protracting a contest by petty objection and artifice.
The general part of the civil law concerns not the chicane of private cases, but the affairs and intercourse of civilized nations, grounded upon the principles of reason.
Lockc. His attornies have hardly one trick left; they are at an end of all their chicane. Arbuthnot. 2. Artifice in general. This sense is only in familiar language.
Unwilling then in arms to meet, He strove to lengthen the cainpaign, And save his forces by chicane.
Prior. T. CHICA'NE. V. n. (chiconer, Fr.] To
prolong a contest by tricks. CHICA'NER. N. s. (chicaneur, Fr.] A pet
ty sophister; a trifling disputant; a wrangler.
This is the way to distinguish the two most different things I know, a logical chicaner from a man of reason.
Locke. CHICA’NERY. n. s. [chicanerie, Fr.) Sophistry; mean arts of wrangle.
His anger caused him to destroy the greatest part of these reports; and only to preserve such as discovered most of the chicanery and futility of the practice.
Arbutbrot. CHICHES. n. s. See CHICKPEA. CHI'CALING VETCH.n.s. [latbyrus, Lat.]
In Germany they are cultivated, and eaten as peas, though neither so tender nor well tasted.
Miller. CHICK. n. s. [cicen, Sax. kiecken, CU'CKEN. ( Dutch Chicken is, I believe,
the old plural of chick, though now used
as a singular noun.] 1. The young of a bird, particularly of a hen, or small bird.
All my pretty ones!
Davies. While it is a chick, and hath no spurs, nor cannot hurt, nor hath seen the motion, yet he readily practiseth it.
Haie. Éven since she was a se'en-night old, they say, Was chaste and huinble to her dying day; Nor chick, nor hen, was known to disobey. Dryd.
Having the notion that one laid the egg out of which the other was hatched, I have a clear idea of the relation of dam and obick. Locke.
On rainy days alone I dine, Upon a chick and pint of wine: On rainy days I dine alone,
And pick my cbicken to the bone. Swift . 2. A word of tenderness.
My Ariel, chick, This is thy charge.
Sbakspeare, 3. A term for a young girl.
Then, Chloe, still go on to prate
Your hints, that Stella is no chicken. Swift. CHICKENHEARTED. adj. [from chicken
and heart.] Cowardly ; timorous; fearful.
Now we set up for tilting in the pit; Where 't is agreed by bullies, chickenhearted, To fright the ladies first, and then be parted.
Prologue to Spanish Friar. CH'ICKENPOx. n. s. An exanthematous
distempcr, so called from its being of
no very great danger. CHI'CKLING, n. s. [from chick.] A small
chick. CHICK PE 1. n. s. [from chick and ca] A kind of degenerate pea.
Miller. CHI'C KWEŁD). n. s. (from chick and weed.] The name of a plant.
Green mint, or chickweed, are of good use in all the hard swellings of the breast, occasioned by milk.
Wiseman. TO CHIDE. v.a. pret. chid or chode, part.
chid or chidden. [ciban, Sax.] 1. To reprove ; to check; to correct with words : applied to persons.
Cbide him for faults, and do it reverently, When you perceive his blood inclin'd to mirth.
Sbakspeare. And fly like chidden Mercury from Jove.
Shakspeare, Those, that do teach your babes, Do it with gentle means, and easy tasks: He might have cbid me so; for, in good faith, I am a child to chiding.
Sbakspcare. Scylla wept, And chid her barking waves into attention.
Milton. Above the waves as Neptune show'd his face, To chide the winds, and save the Trojan race.
You look as if yon stern philosopher
After or before were never known Had just now chid you,
Addison Such chiefs; as each an army seem'd alone. If any woman of better fashion in the parish
Dryder, happened to be absent from church, they were A wit 's a feather, and a chief a rod; sure of a visit from hiin, to chide and to dine An honest man 's the noblest work of God. with her. Srift.
Popeo 2. To drive with reproof.
A prudent chief not always must display Margaret my queen, and Chford too,
His pou’rs in equal ranks, and fair array; Hare chid me froin che battle. Sbakspeare.
But with th' occasion and the place comply,
Conceal his force, nay, seem sometimes to fly. 3. To blame; to reproach : applied to
2. In CHIEF, in law. In capite, by perWinds murmur'd through the leaves your long
sonal service. delay,
All sums demandable, either for licence of And fountains, o'er the pebbles, cbid your stay. alienation to be made of lands holden in cbicj;
or for the pardon of any such alienation already I chid the folly of my thoughtless haste; made without licence, have been stayed in the For, the work perfected, the joy was past. way to the hanaper.
I shall be proud to hold my dependance ca TO CHIDE. 7. n.
you in chief, as I do part of my small fortune ma 1. To clamour; to scoli.
Drodas What had he to do to cbiat me? Shuks. 3. In Spenser it seems to signify somewhat Next morn, betimes, the bride was missing:
like achievement; a mark of distinction. The mother scrcam'd, the father cbid,
Where be the nosegays that she dight for thee? Where can this idle wench be hid? Swift. The coloured chaplets wrought with a cbiej, 2. To quarrel with.
The knottish rush-rings, and gilt rosemar; The business of the state does him offence,
Spenser. And he does chide with you. Sbukspeurt. 4. In heraldry. 3. To make a noise.
The chief is so called of the French word diet, My duty,
the head or upper part: this possesses the upper As doth a rock against the cbiding food,
third part of the escutcheon. Pea.bau. Should the approach of this wild river break, CHI'EPDOM. 1. s. [from chief] SoveWill stand umshaken yours. Sbakspeare.
reignty. Not in use. Chi'dER. n. s. [from chide.] A rebuker; Zephyrus being in love with Chloris, and coa reprover.
vetting her to wife, gave her for a dowry the Not her that chides, sir, at any hand, I pray.
ebicflum and sovereignty of all flowers and green I love no cbiders, sir.
Spenser's Kal. Glass. CHIEF. adj. [chef, the head, Fr.]
CHI'EFLESS. adj. (from chief.] Wanting I. Principal; most eminent; above the a head; being without a leader. rest in any respect.
And ihirfless armies doz’d out the campaiga, These were the chief of the officers that were
And navies yawu'd for orders on the main. over Solomon's works.
1 Kings. The hand of the princes and rulers hath been CHI'EFLY.adv. (from chief:] Principally; chief in this trespass.
eminently; more than common. Your country, chief in arms, abroad defend;
Any man who will consider the nature of an At home, with morals, arts, and laws, amend.
epic poem, what actions it describes, and what
persons they are chify whom it informs, will 2. Eminent; extraordinary.
find it a work full of difficulty. Dryden, A froward man soweth strife, and a whisperer These parts of the kingdom, where the numseparateth chief friends.
ber and estates of the dissenters cbiely lay. 3. Capital; of the first order; that to
Stift. which other parts are inferiour, or CHI'EFRIE. N. s. [from chief.] A small subordinate.
rent paid to the lord paramount. I came to have a good general view of the They shall be well able to live upon those apostle's main purpose in writing he epistle, and lands, to yield her majesty reasonable ebicfrii, the chiof branches of his discourse wherein he and also give a competent maintenance unto the qvosecuted it. Locke. garrisons
Spenser's Ireland. 4. It is used by some writers with a super
Would the reserved rent at this day be any lative termination; but, I think, impro.
more than a small cbiefrie?
Seryt. perly: the comparative chiefer is never CHI'EFTAIN. n. s. [from chief, n. s. capteund.
tain.] We beseech you, bend you to remain I. A leader; a commander. Here in the cheer and comfort of our eye, That fore'd their cbieftain, for his safety's sake, Our chiefest courtier, cousin, and our son. Shak, (Their chieftain Humber named was aright) Doeg an Edomite, the chiefest of the herdmen.
Unto the mighty stream him to betake, 1 Samuel
Where he an end of battle and of life did make. He sometimes denied admission to the cbiofest officers of the army. Clarendon,
2. The head of a clan. CHIEF. n. s. [from the adjective. ]
It broke, and absolutely subdued all the lords I. A military commander ; a leader of ar and cbigtains of the Irishry. Davies en Irch mies ; a captain.
CHI'EV-ANCE. 1. s. (probably from acleIs prin to them Less pain, less to be tied? or thou than they
vance, French, purchase. ] Trafñck, in Less hardy to endure? courageous obief!
which money is extorted ; as discount. The first in flight from pain.
There were good laws against usury, the base,
The spring, the summer, tard use of money; and against unlawful cbie The childing autumn, angry winter, change vances and exchanges, which is bastard usury. Their wonted liveries.
Shadspeare. Bacon. As to childing, wonien, young vigorous people, CHI'LBLAIN. n. s. [from chill, cold, and after'irregularities of dict, in such it begins with
Arbutónot. blain ; so that Temple seems mistaken in his etymology, or has written it wrong CHI’LD BEARING. particip. subst. [from to serve a purpose.] A sore made by child and bear.] The act of bearing frost.
children. I remembered the cure of childblains when I
Temple. And, bringing forth, soon recompens'd with joy,
Milion, CHILD. n. s. in the plural children. [cils,
The timorous and irresolute Sylvia has deSaxon.]
murred till she is past childbearing. Addison. I. An infant, or very young person. In age, to wish for youth is full as vain,
CHILDBED. n. s. [from child and bed ] As for a youth to turn a child again. Denbam. The state of a woman bringing a child,
We should no more be kinder to one cbild than or being in labour. to another, than we are tender of one eye more The fimerals of prince Arthur; and of queen than of the other.
Elizabeth, who died in childbed in the Tower. The young lad must not be ventured abroad
B7091. at eight or ten, for fear of what may happen to Pure, as when wash'd from spot of childved the tender child; though he then runs ten times
Par. RS less risque than at sixteen.
Loke. Yet these, tho' poor, the pain of childlet bear. The stroke of death is nothing: children en
Dryden. dure it, and the greatest cowards find it no pain. Let no one be actually married, till she hath Wake. the childbed pillows.
Women in cbilibed are in the case of persons 2. One in the line of filiation, opposed to
A. buthnot on Dist. the parent.
CHI'LD BIRTH.n.s. [from chilland birth.] Where children have been exposed, or taken
Travail; labour; the time of bringing away young, and afterwards have approached to their parents presence, the parents, though they
forth; the act of bringing forth. have not known them, have had a secret joy, or
The mother of Pyrocles, after her childhrth, other alteration, thereupon.
A kernel void of any taste, but not so of vira The winged vengeance overtake such children. tue, especially for women travailing in childbirth. Sbakspeare.
Carcze's Survey; So unexhausted her perfections were,
In the whole sex of women, God hath decreed That for more children she had more to spare.
the sharpest pains of childbirth ; to shew, thee Dryden.
there is no state exempt from sorrow. Tiylar. He, in a fruitful wife's embraces old,
He to his wife, before the time assign'd A long increase of children's children told. For childbirth came, thus bluntly spoke his mind. Addison.
Drvucn. 3. The descendants of a man, how remote CHI'LDED. adj. [from childr] Furnished
with a child. soerer, are called children; as the child
How light and portable my pain seems not, ren of Edom, the children of Israel.
When that which makes me bend, makes the 4. In the language of scripture.
king bow; One weak in knowledge. Isaiab. 1 Cor.
He bilded as I father'd.
Sbaespeare. Such as are young in grace. 1 Fobn. CHI'LDERMAS DAY. [from child' and Such as are humble and docile. Mattbewo. mass.] The day of the week, throughThe children of light, the children of darkness;
out the year, answering to the day on who follow light, who remain in darkness. The elect, the blessed, are also called the child
which the feast of the Iloly Innocerts ren of God.
is solemnized, which weak and superHow is he numbered among the children of stitious persons think an unlucky day. God, and his lot is among the saints! H'islum. To talk of hares, or such uncouth things,
In the New Testament, believers are com proves as ominous to the fisherman, as the bed monly called children of God.
ginning of a voyage on the day when chillermus Ye are all the children of God, by faith in dayful, doth to the mariner.
Curr. ... Jesus Christ. Gal. iii, 24.
Culmet. CHILDHOOD. N. 5. [from child; cildhad, S: A girl child. Not in use.
Saxon.] Mercy on 's! a bearne, a very pretty bearne. 1. The state of children; or, the time in A boy, or child, I wonder ?
which we are children: it includes in6. Any thing the product or effect of an. fancy, but is continued to puberty.. other.
Now I have stain'd the childhood of our joy Macduff, this noble passion,
With blood remov'd but little from our own. Cbild of integrity, hath from my soul
Skalspeare. Wip'd the black scruples. Shulspear?. The sons of lords and gentlemen should be
trained up in learning from their child'sous. 7. To be with CHILD. To be pregnant. If it must stand still, let wives with child
Spenser on Ireluine!.
Seldom have I ceas'd to eve Pray that their burthen may not fall this day,
Thvinfancy, thy childhood, and thy youth. Milt. Lest that their hopes prodigiously be crost.
The gaine authority thrái the actions of a man
$buispeare: have with us in our childhood, the same, in e.ery TO CHILD. v. n. (from the noun.]' To
period of 12, has the practice of all whom ve bring children.
rtgard as our superiours.
q: The time of life between infancy and CHI'LLAD. n. s. [from Zodices] A thou. puberty.
sand; a collection or sum containing a Infancy and childbood demand thin, copious, thousand.. nourishing aliment.
We make cycles and periods of years, as de3. The properties of a child.
cads, centuries, chiliads, for the use of compuTheir love in early infancy began,
tation in history.
Holder. And rose as childhood ripen’d into man. Dryd. ChiliA'tDron, n. s. [from Xidma.] A CHI'LDISI. adj. [from child.]
figure of a thousand sides. 1. Having the qualities of a child ; trifling ; In a man, who speaks of a chilisedron, or a ignorant ; simple.
body of a thousand sides, the idea of the figure Learning hath its infancy, when it is but be may be very confused, though that of the numginning and almost childish : 'then its youth, ber be very distinct.
Locks. when it is luxuriant and juvenile. Bacon. CHILIFA'CTIye. 1 adj. [from chyle. See 2. Becoming only children ; trifling; pue- CHILIFA'ctory.) CHYLIFACTIVE.] rile,
That has the quality of making chyle. Musidorus being elder by three or four years, Whether this be not effected by some way of there was taken away the occasion of childish corrosion, rather than any proper digestion, cbicontentions
Sidney. lifuctive mutation, or alimental conversion. The lion's whelps she saw how he did bear,
Brozun's Vintgar Erreurs. And lull in rugged arms withouten childish fear. We should rather rely upon a chilifutery men
Spenser. struum, or digestive preparation drawn from When I was yet a child, no childish play species or individuals whose stomachs peculiTo me was pleasing; all my mind was set arly dissolve lapideous bodies.
Brown, Serious to learn and know.
Par. Reg. CHILIPICA’TION.n. s. [Sec CHYLIFICAThe futhers looked on the worship of images
TION.) The act of making chyle. as the most silly and cbildisó ching in the world.
Nor will we affirm chat iron is indigested in One that hath newly learn'd to speak and go
the stomach of the ostriche; but we suspect this Love childish plays.
effect to proceed not from any liquid reduction, They have spoiled the walls with childish sen
or tendence to cbilification, by the power of na
tural heat. tences, that consist often in a jingle of words.
Brown's Vulgar Erreurs, Addison on Italy. CHILL, adj. [cele, Sax.] By conversation the childisb humours of their
1. Cold ; that is cold to the touch. younger days might be worn out. Arbutbrot.
And all my plants I save from nightly ill, CHILDISHly. adv. [from childish.] In a Of noisome winds, and blasting vapours cbill, childish triling way; like a child.
Miltar. Together with his fame their infamy was 2. Çold ; having the sensation of cold; spread, who had so rashly and childishly ejected shivering with cold. him.
My heart and my chill veins freeze with deSome men are of excellent judgment in their
Rore. own professions, but childishly unskilful in any
3. Dull; not warm ; not forward : as, a thing besides.
chill reception. CHILDISHNESS. n. s. [from childish]
4. Depressed; dejected; discouraged. I. Puerility ; trillingness.
The actions of cbildishness, and unfashionable 5. Unaffectionate; cold of temper. carriage, time and age will of itself be sure to CAILL. n. s. [from the adjective.] ChilJeform.
ness; cold. Nothing in the world could give a truer idea I very well know one to have a sort of cbil of the superstition, credulity, and childishness of about his præcordia and head. Derbam.
the Roman catholick religion. Addison. To CHILL. v. a. (from the adjective.] 2. Harmlessness.
1. To make cold. Speak thou, boy;
Age has not yet Perhaps thy abildisbress will move him more
So shrunk my sinews, or so cbill'! my veins, Than can our reasons.
But conscious virtue in my breast remains. Dryd. CHI'LDLEss. adj. [from child.] Without Heat burns his rise, frost cbills his setting children ; without offspring.
beams, As thy sword hath made women childless, so
And vex the world with opposite extremes. shall thy mother be childless among women.
Creezb. 1 Samuel.
Each changing season does its poison bring; A man shall see the noblest works and foun
Rheums cbili the winter, agues blust the spring. dations have proceeded from childless men; which
Now no more the drum have sought to express the images of their minds, where those of their bodies have failed: so the
Provokes to arms; or trumpet's clangor shrill care of posterity is most in them that have no Affrights the wives, or chills the virgin's blood. posterity. Bacon's Essays.
Pbilips. Cbildless thou art, childless remain: so death 2. To depress; to deject; to discourage. Shall be deceiv'd his glut.
Milton, Every thought on God cbills the gaiety of his She can give the reason why one died childless. spirits, and awakens terrors which he cannot
The fruits perish on the ground, Who can owe no less than childlike obedience
Or soon decay, by snows immod'rate chilli, to her that hath more than anotherly care.
By winds are blasted, or by lightning kill'd. Hooker.
B!& more. I thought the remnant of mine age
CHI'LLINESS. n. s. [from chilly.) A senShould have been cherish'd by her cbildlike duty. sation of shivering cold.
Sbakspeare. If the patient survives three days, the asute.
ness of the pain abates, and a chilliness or shiver- 5. To jingle; to clatter. ing affects the body.
Arbuthnot. But with the meaner tribe I'm forc'd to clime, CHI'LLY. adj. (from chill.] Somewhat And, wanting strength to rise, descend to rhine. cold.
Smil. A chilly sweat bedews
T. CHIME. v. a. My shudd'ring limbs.
Philips. 1. To move, or strike, or cause to sound CHI'LNESS. n. s. [from chill.] Coldness; harmonically, or with just consonancy. want of warmth.
With lifted arms they order ev'ry blow, If you come out of the sun suddenly into a And cbime their sounding hammers in a row: shade, there followeth a cbilness or shivering in Witha labour'd anvils Erna groans below. Dryd. all the body.
Bacon, To strike a bell with a hammer.
CHIMEʻRA. 1. s. (Chimæra, Lat.) A vain The veins pour back the blood, and fortify the
and wild fancy, as remote from reality. heart.
Dryden. as the existence of the poetical Chimera, CHIMB.
B. 1. s. [kime, Dutch.] The end of a monster feigned to have the head of a a barrel or tub.
lion, the belly of a goat, and the tail of CHIME. n. s. [The original of this word a dragon. is doubtful. Junius and Minshew sup
In short, the force of dreams is of a piece;
Chimeras all, and more absurd, or less. Dryden. pose it corrupted from cimbal; Skinner
Nobody joins the voice of a sheep with the from gamme, or gamut ; Henshaw from
shape of a horse, to be the complex ideas of any chiamare, to call, because the chime calls real substances, unless he has a mind to till his to church. Perhaps it is only softened head with chimeras, and his discourse with unin
Locke. from chirme, or churm, an old word for telligible words. the sound of many voices, or instruments' CHIME’RICA L. adj. (from chimera.] Imamaking a noise together.]
ginary ; fanciful; wildly, vainly, or,
fantastically conceived ; fantastick. 1. The consonant or harmonick sound of
Notwithstanding the fineness of this allegory many correspondent instruments.
may atone for it in some measure, I cannot think Hang our shaggy thighs with bells;
that persons of such a chimerical existence are That, as we do strike a tune,
proper actors in an epic poem. Spectator. In our dance shall make a cbime. Ben Jonson. CHIMERICALLY. adv (from chimerical.]
The sound Of instruments, that made melodious chime, Vainly ; wildly; fantastically. Was heard, of harp and organ. Milton. CHI'MINAGE. n. s. [from chimiu, an old Love virtue, she alone is free;
law word for a road.] A toll for pase She can teach you how to climb
sage through a forest.
Cowell. Higher than the sphery chime. Milton. 2. The correspondence of sound.
CHIMNEY. n. s. [cheminée, French.] Love first invented verse, and form'd the 1. The passage through which the smoke rhime,
ascends from the fire in the house. The motion measur'd, harmoniz'd the cbime. Cbimnies with scorn rejecting smoke. Szvift:
Dryden. 2. The turret raised above the roof of the 3. The sound of bells, not rung by ropes, house, for conveyance of the smoke.
but struck with hammers. In this sense The night has been unruly: where we lay,
We have heard the chimes at midnight. Sbaks. 3. The fire-place.
Is south the chamber; and the chimneypiece, The conceptions of things are placed in their
Chaste Dian bathing.
Shakspeare. several degrees of similitude; as in several pro
The fire which the Chaldears worshipped for portions, one to another; in which harmonious
a god, is crept into every man'sı bimney. Raleigh. cbimes, the voice of reason is often drowned.
Low offices, which some neighbours hardly Grew.
think it worth stirring from their chimney sides
to obtain. TO CHIME. v. n. (from the noun.]
Stvift on Sac. Test.
CHIMNEY-CORNER. 1. s. (trom chimney 1. To sound in harmony or consonance. To make the rough recital aptly cbime,
and corner. ] The fire-side; the seat on Or bring the sum of Gallia's loss to rhime, each end of the fire-grate: usually noted 'T is mighty hard,
Prior. in proverbial language for being the 2. To correspond in relation or proportion. place of idlers. Father and son, husband and wife, and such
Yer some old men
Denbam. and answer one another, in people's memories. CHI'MNEY PIECE. 1. s. [from chiriney and
piece.] The ornamental piece of wood, 3. To agree ; to fall in with.
or stone, that is set round the fire-place. He not only sat quietly and heard his father
Polish and brighten the marble hearths and railed at, but often chimed in with the discourse.
chimneypieces with a clout dipt in grease. Szift. Arbuthnot's Hist. of John Bull. 4. To suit with; to agree.
CHIMNEYSWEEPER. n.-s. (from chimney Any sect, whose reasonings, interpretation,
and saveeper.] and language, I have been used to, will, of 1. One whose trade it is to clean fool course, inake all cbime that way; and make an chionnies of soot. other, and perhaps the genuine meaning of the To look like her are chimneysweepers black; author, seem harsh, strange, and uncouth to me. And since her time are colliers counted bright. Locke,