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crab.) A particular ulcer, called a the whole government of the church turns ; ' or cancer, very difficult to cure. A dis as they have, from the pope's grant, the hinge order likewise in the horny coat of the
and government of the Romish church. Aplift.
You hold a fair assembly; eye, is thus called.
You are a churchman, or, I'll tell you, cardinal, CARCINO'MATOUS: adj. [from carcino I should judge now unhappily. Sasispeare
ma.] Cancerous; tending to a cancer. CARDINAL'S FLOWER. n. s. [rapuntiuni, CARD. n. s. (carte, Fr. charta, Lat.]
Lat.) A flower. I. A paper painted with figures used in The species are, 1. Greater rampions with a games of chance or skill.
crimson spiked fower, commonly called the A vengeance on your crafty wither'd hide! scarlet cardinal's flower. 2. The blue çardinai's Yet I have tac'd it with a card of ten. Shaksp. fower. Soon as she spreads her hand, th' aerial guard
Ca'RDINALATE. n. s. [from cardinal] Descend, and sit on each important card;
CA'RDINALSHIP.) The ofice and rank First, Ariel perch'd upon a matadore.
of a cardinal. 2. The paper on which the winds are An ingenious cavalier, hearing thet an old marked for the mariner's compass.
friend of his was advanced to a cardinalatt, Upon his cards and compass firms his eye,
went to congratulate his eminence upon his new The masters of his long experiment. Spenser,
L'Estrange. The very points they blow;
CA'RD MAKER. n. s. [from card and All the quarters that they know,
make.] A maker of cards. l'th' shipman's card.
Sbakspeare. How absolute the knave is! we must speak by
Am not 1, Christophero Sly, by Occupatioara
cardmaker ? 'Sbakspeare's Taming of tbe'Sbrez. the card, or equivocation will undo us. Shaksp. CA'RDMATCH. On life's vast ocean diversely we sail;
n. s. [from card and Reason the card, but passion is the gale. Pope.
match.] A match made by dipping 3. [kaarde, Dutch.] The instrument
pieces of card in melted sulphur. with which wool is combed, or com
Take care, that those may not make the most
noise who have the least to sell; which is very minuted, or broken for spinning.
observable in the venders of cardenatcoes. To CARD. v. a. (from the noun.] To
comb, or comminute wool with a piece CA'RDUUS. See Thistle. of wood, thick set with crooked wires. CARE. 1. s. (canz, Saxon.) The while their wives do sit
1. Solicitude; anxiety; perturbation of Beside them, carding wool. May's Virgil. mind; concern.
Go, card and spin,
Or, if I would take care, that care should be
For wit that scorn'd the world, and liv'd like me. T. CARD. v. N. To gain; to play much
Drját. at cards : as, a carding wife.
Nor sullen discontent, nor anxious care, CARDAMO'MUM. n. š. (Lat.] A me. Ev'n though brought thither,could inhabit there.
dicinal seed, of the aromatick kind, contained in pods, and brought from
Raise in your soul the greatest care of fulning
the divine will. Wake's Preparation for Dicth the East Indies.
Chambers, CA'RDER. N. s. [from card.]
2. Caution ; often in the phrase, to hace I. One that cards wool. 'The clothiers all have put off
Well, sweet Jack, bave & care of thyself.
Sbakspeare. The spinsteis, curders, fullers, weavers. Shaksp. The foolish virgias had taken no care for a furo 2. One that plays much at cards.
.ther supply, after the oil, which was at first put CARDI'ACAL. adj. [zgéscs, the heart.] into their lamps, was spent, as the wise had done. CARDIACK. Cordial; having the quality of invigorating tire spirits.
Begone! the priest expects you at the altar.CARDIALGY.1. s. [froin ac Sicig the heart,
But, tyrant, bave a care, I come not thither. and 02.0, pain.] The heart-buru;
3. Regard ; charge; heed in order io a pain supposed to be felt in the heart,
protection and preservation. but more properly in the stomach, If we believe that there is a God, that takes which sometimes rises all along from care of us, and we be careful to please him, this thence up to the resophagus, occasioncd cannet but be a mighty comfort to us. Tillatsen.
by some acrimonious matter. Quiney. 4. It is a loose and vague word, implying CARDINAL. adj. [cardinalis, Tat.)
attention or inclination, in any degree Principal; chief.
more or less : It is cominonly used in The divisions of the year in frequent 11e vith the phrase, to take care. astronomers, according to the cardina intersec
You come in such a time, tions of the zodiack; that is, the two equi As if propitious fortune took a care mocrals, and botil the solstitish points. Brown. To swell my tide of joys to their full height,
His cardinal perfection was industry. Clarend,
We take care to fratter ourselves with imaginary vernors of the Ronish church, by whom
scenes and prospects of future happiness. Atterb, the pope is elected out of their own
5. The' object of care, of caution, or of number, which contains six bishops, fifty priests, and fourteen deacons, who
O my poor kingdom, sick with civil bloms! constitute the sacred college, and are
When that my care could not withhold thy Tits,
What wilt thou do when riot is thy care? Shake chosen by the pope.
Flush'd were his cheeks, and glowing were his A carinsl is so stiled, because serviceable to the apostolick see, as an axle or hinge on which
Is she thy care? is she thy curei he cries. Dryd.
Your safety, more than mine, was then my care: The heir of a blasted family has rose up, and
Knights in knightly deeds should persevere,
None taught the trees a nobier race to bear, Continue, and proceed in honour's fair career.
To CARE'ER. v. n. [from the noun.] To 1. To be anxious or solicitous; to be in run with swift motion. .concern about any thing.
With eyes, the wheels She cared not what pain she put her body to, Of beryl, and careering fires between. Miltor. since the better part, her mind, was laid under CAREFUL. adj. [from care and full.] so much agony.
Sidney. 1. Anxious ; solicitous; full of concern. As the Germans, both in language and man The piteous inaiden, careful, comfortless, ners, differed from the Hungarians, so were they Does throw out thrilling shricks and shrieking always at variance with them; and therefore
Knolles's History of the Turks. many things.
for before nouns, or to before verbs. 2. Provident; diligent: with of or for.
Behold, thou hast been careful for us with all Or the new sea explore.
W'aller, this care; what is to be done for thee? 2 Kings. The remarks are introduced by a compliment
To cure their mad ambition, they were sent to the works of an author, who, I am sure, To rule a distant province, each alone : would not care for being praised at the expence What could a careful father more have done? of another's reputation. Addison.
Dryden. Having been now acquainted, the two sexes 3. Watchful ; cautious: with of. did not care to part.
It concerns us to be careful of our conversaGreat masters in painting never care for draw tions.
Raz. ing people in the fashion.
4. Subject to perturbations; exposed to 3. To be affected with; to have regard troubles ; full of anxiety; full of solito: with for:
By him that rais'd me to this careful height,
From that contented hap which I enjoy'd. Sbek.
I. In a manner that shows care.
Envy, how carefully does it look! how meagre many are so, many desire it.
and ill-complexioned? Ca'RECRAZED. adj. [from care and
2. Heedfully; watchfully; vigilantly ; atCraze.] Broken with care and solicitude. tentively. These both put off, a poor petitioner,
You come most carefully upon your hour. A carecraz'd mother of many children. Shaksp.
Shakspeare. TO CARE’EN. v. a. [cariner,: Fr. from
By considering him so carefully as I did before
my attempt, I have made some faint resemcarina, Lat. A term in the sea lan
blance of him.
Dryden. guage.] To lay à vessel on one side, to All of them, therefore, studiously cherished calk, stop up leeks, refit, or trim the the memory of their honourable extraction, and other side.
Chambers. carefully preserved the evidences of it. Atterb.
4. Cautiously. CARE’ER. n. s. (carriere, Fr.]
CA'REFULNESS. n. s. [from careful.] 1. The ground on which a race is run;
Vigilance; heedfulness; caution. the length of a course.
The death of Selymus was, with all careful
Knolles They had run themselves too far out of breath, CARELESLY. adv. [from careless.) Neg
ness, concealed by Ferhates. to SO back again the same career.
Sidney. 2. course ; a race.
ligently; inattentively; without care ; What rein can hold licentious wickedness,
heedlesly. When down the hill he holds his fierce career?
There he him found all carelesly display'd Shakspeare.
In secret shadow from the sunny ray. F. Queen.
Not content to see
That others write as carclesdy as he. Waller, able, when a horse is running in his full career,
CARELESNESS. n. s. [from careless.] to stand upright on his back.
Wilkins, Heedlesness; inattention ; negligence ; Practise them now to curb the turning steed, absence of care ; manner void of care. Mocking the foe; now to his rapid speed
For Coriolanus neither to care whether they give the rein, and, in the full career, To draw the certain sword, or send the pointed
love or hate him, manifests the true knowledge
he has in their disposition, and, out of his noble spear.
Prior. 4. Course of action ; uninterrupted pro
carelesness, lets them plainly see it. Sbakspeare,
Who, in the other extreme, only doth
Call a rough carelesness good fashion ;
Whose cloak his spurs tear, or whom he spits on, bullets of the brain, awe a man from the career
He cares not.
Doine, of his humour ?
Sbalspeare, It makes us to walk warily, and trcad sure, for
Decay of Picig.
fear of our enemies; and that is better than to be CA'RICOUS Tumour. [from carica, a fg, flattered into pride and carelesness. Taylor. The ignorance or carelesness of the servants can
Lat.) A swelling in the form of a fig. hardly leave the master disappointed. Temple.
CARIES n. s. (Latin.] That rottenness I who at some times spend, at others spare,
which is peculiar to a bone. Pixes. Divided between carelesness and care. Pope.
Fistulas of a long continuance, are, for the CA'RELESS. adj. (from cars.]
most part, accompanied with ulcerations of the 1. Having no care ; feeling no solicitude ; CARIO'SITY. n. s. (from carious.) Rot
gland, and caries in the bone. Wiseman unconcerned ; negligent ; inattentive;
tenness. heedless ; regardless; thoughtless ; neg. This is too general, taking in all carissity and lectful; unhecding; unthinking ; un ulcers of the bones. Wiseman's Sargers. mindful: with of or about.
CA'Rious. adi. (cariosus, Lat.). Rotten. Knowing that if the worst befal them, they shall lose nothing but themselves; whereof they
I discovered the blood to arise by a caricus tooth.
Wiseman's Surgery. seem very careless. Nor lose the good advantage of his grace,
Spenser. CARK. n. s. (cearc, Saxon.), Care; By seeming cold, or careless of his will
. A woman, the more curious she is about her
ness. Obsolete. face, is commonly the more careless about her
And Klaius taking for his younglings carte house.
Lest greedy eyes to them might challenge lay, A father, unnaturally careless of his child, sells Busy with oker did their shoulders mark. Sikers or gives him to another man.
He down did lay 3. Cheerful ; undisturbed.
His heavy head, devoid of careful cark. Spenser
. Thus wisely careless, innocently gaya
TO CARK. v. n. (cearcan, Saxon. To Cheerful he play'd.
be careful; to be solicitous ; to be In my cheerful morn of life,
anxious. It is now very little used, and When nurs'd by careless solitude I livid,
always in an ill sense. And sung of nature with unceasing joy, Pleas'd have I wander'd through your rough
I do find what a blessing is chanced to my life, domain.
from such muddy abundance of carking agonies
, Thomson. to states which still be adherent. Sidery
. g. Unheeded; thoughtless ; unconsidered. What can be vainer, than to lavish out vir
The freedom of saying as many careless things lives in the search of trifles, and to lie carlis: as other people, without being so severely re for the unprofitable goods of this world! L'Esti
Nothing can supersede our own carkings and 4. Unmoved by ; unconcerned at.
contrivances for ourselves, but the assurance Gardless of thunder from the clouds that break,
that God cares for us. My only omens from your looks I take. Grano. CARLE. n. so (ceonl, Saxon.] TO CARE'SS. v. a. (caresser, Fr: from 3. A mean, rude, rough, brutal man. We carus, Lat.) To endear; to fondle ;
now use cburi. to treat with kindness.
The carle beheld, and saw his guest If I can feast, and please, and caress my mind Would safe depart, for all his subtile sleight. with the pleasures of worthy speculations, ot vir.
Spenser tuous practices, let greatness and malice vex and Answer, thou cerle, and judge this riddle rigine
, abridge me, if they can.
South. I'll frankly own thee for a cunning wight. Gaya CARL'ss. 1. s. (from the verb.)
The editor was a covecous carle, and would act of endearment ; an expression of
have his pearls of the highest price. tenderness.
2. A kind of hemp. He, she knew, would intermix
The fimble to spin and the carl for her seed. Grateful digressions, and solve high dispute With conjugal caresses,
Milton. Ca'RLINE THISTLE. [carlina, Lat.) 4 There are some men who seem to have brutal plant. minds wrapt up in human shapes; their very ca. CA'RLINGS. n. s. (In a ship.) Timbers resses are crude and importune. L'Estrange. lying fore and aft, along from one beam
After his successour had publickly owned himself a Roman catholick, he began with his
to another ; on these the ledges rest, on Swift.
which the planks of the deck are made CARET. 1. s. (caret, Lat. 'there is want. CA'RMAN. n. s. [from car and man.) A
ing.). A note which shows where something interlined should be read.
man whose employment it is to drive CARGASON. n. s. [cargaçon, Spanish.]
cars. A cargo. Not used.
If the strong cane support thy walking hand
Chairmen no longer shall the wall command; My body is a cargason of ill humours. Howel.
E'en sturdy carmen shall thy nod obey, CA'RGO, n. s. (charge, Fr.] The lading of And rattling coaches stop to make thee way. Goy
a ship; the merchandise or wares con CA'RMELITE. n. s. carmelite, Fr.) A tained and conveyed in a ship.
sort of pear. In the hurry of the shipwreck, Simonides was CARMI'NATIVE. adj. (supposed to be so the only man that appeared unconcerned, noto withstanding that his whole fortune was at stake
called, as having vim carminis, the L'Estrange.
power of a charm.] A ship whose cergy was no less than a whole
Carminatives are such things as dilute and res world, that carried the fortune and hopes of all
lax at the same time, because wind occasions : posterity.
spasm, or convulsion, in some parts. Whatever This gentleman was then a young adventurer
promotes insensible perspiration, is terminatis;
for wind is perspirable matter retained in the in the republick of letters, and just fitted out body. for the university with a good cargo of Latin Carminative and diuretick and G:eek.
Addison. Will damp all passion sympathetick. Sajt.
in the cargo
Arbutbact on Alists.
CARMINE. 1. s. A bright red or crimson paler, when it is called the female wrnelion; in colour, bordering on purple, used by
others deeper, called the male. Woodward. painters in miniature. It is the most CA'RNEOUS. adj. (carneus, Lat.] Fleshy.
In a calf, the umbilical vessels terminate in valuable product of the cochineal mas
certain bodies, divided into a multitude of care tick, and of an excessive price. Chambers.
Ray. CA'RNAGE, 9, s. (carnage, Fr. from caro, To CA'RNIFY. v. n. [from caro, carnis, carnis, Lat.)
Lat.) To breed flesh; to turn nutriJ. Slaughter ; havock; massacre.
ment into flesh. He brought the king's forces upon them rather At the same time I think, I deliberate, I puras to carnage than to fight, insomuch as, without
pose, I command : in inferiour faculties, I walk, any great loss or danger to themselves, the greatest I see, I hear, I digest, I sanguify, I carrify. part of the seditious were slain. Hayward
Hale's Origin of Mankind 2. Heaps of flesh.
CARNIVAL, 1. s. (carnaval, Fr.] The Such a scent I draw Of carnage, prey innumerable! and taste
feast held in the popish countries before The savour of death from all things there that
Lent; a time of luxury. live.
The whole year is but one mad carnival ; and His ample maw with human carnage fillid,
we are voluptuous not so much upon desire or A zilky deluge next the giant swillå. Pope.
appetite, as by way of exploit and bravery. CARNÁL. adj. [carnal, Fr. carnalis, low
Decay of Piety. Lat.)
Carni'Vorous. adj. [from carnis and 1. Fleshly ; not spiritual.
voro.) Flesh-eating ; that of which flesh Thou dost justly require us to submit our un
is the proper food. derstandings to thine, and deny our carnal rea
In birds there is no mastication or comminu. son, in order to thy sacred mysteries and com
tion of the meat in the mouth; but in such as mands.
are not carnivorous, it is immediately swallowed From that pretence
into the crop or craw. Ray on the Creation. Spiritual laws by carnal pow'r shall force
Man is by his frame, as well as his appetite, On every conscience.
a carnivorous animal. Arbutbrot on Aliments. Not such in carnal pleasure: for which cause,
CARNO'SIT Y. N. so [carnosité, Fr.] Fleshy Among the beasts no mate for thee was found. excrescence.
Milton. By this method, and by this course of diet, A glorious apparition ! had not doubt,
with sudorifics, the ulcers are healed, and that And carnal fear, that day dimm'd Adam's eye. carnosity resolved.
Wiseman. Milton. CA'RNOUs. adj. [from caro, carnis, Lat.] He perceives plainly, that his appetite to Fleshy. spiritual things abates, in proportion as his sen
The first or outward part is a thick and carnons sual appetite is indulged and encouraged ; and that carnal desires kill not only the desire, but
covering, like that of a walnut; the second, a
dry and flosculous coat, commonly called mace. even the power, of tasting purer delights. Atterb.
Brown's Vulgar Errours. 2. Lustful; lecherous ; libidinous.
The muscle whereby he is enabled to draw This carnal cur
himself together, the academists describe to be Preys on the issue of his mother's body. Sbaksp. a distinct carnous muscle, extended to the ear. CARNALITY. n. s. [from carnal.]
Ray on the Creation 1. Fleshly lust; compliance with carnal CA'ROB, or St. John's Bread. (soliqua, desires.
Lat. If godly, why do they wallow and sleep in all A tree very common in Spain, and in some the carnalities of the world, under pretence of parts of Italy, where it produces a great quantity christian liberty?
Soutb. of long, fiat, brown-coloured pods, which are 2. Grossness of mind.
thick, mealy, and of a sweetish taste. These He did not institute this way of worship, but pods are eaten by the poorer inbabitants. Miller, because of the carnality of their hearts, and the CARO'CHE. n. s. [from carosse, Fr.] A proneness of that people to idolatry. Tillotson.
coach; a carriage of pleasure. It is CARNALLY.adv. (from carnal.] Accord used in the comedy of Albumazar, but ing to the flesh; not spiritually,
now it is obsolete. Where they found men in diet, attire, furniture CA'ROL. n. s. [carola, Ital. from choreola, of house, or any other way, observers of civilicy and decent order, such they reproved, as being
Lat.) carnally and earthly minded.
Hooker 1. A song of joy and exultation. In the sacrament we do not receive Christ
And let the Graces dance unto the rest, carnally, but we receive him spiritually; and that
For they can do it best; of itself is a conjugation of blessings and spi
The whiles che maidens do their carol sing, ritual graces. Taylor's Wortby Communicant.
To which the woods shall answer, and their CA'RNALNESS. n. S. Camality. Dict.
Spenser's Epithalamiun. CARNA’TION. n. S. [carnes, Lat.] The
Even in the Old Testament, if you listen to
David's harp, you shall hear as many hcarse-like name of the natural flesh colour, from
airs as carols.
Barri. which perhaps the flower is named ; Opposid to her, on t'other side advance the name of a Power.
The costly feast, the carol, and the dance, And lo the wretch! whose vile, whose insect Minstrels and musick, poetry and play, lust
And balls by night, and tournaments by day. Laid this gay daughter of the spring in dust :
Dryden. O punish him! or to the Elysian shades
of devotion. Dismiss my soul, where no carnation fades. Pope. No night is now with hymn or carol blest. CARNELION.»). s. A precious stone.
Sbakspeare. The common carnelion has its name from its They gladly thither haste; and, by a choir Acsb colour; which is, in some of these stones, Of squadroa’d angels, hear his carol sung. Miks
And boughs shall weave a cov'ring for your head
3. A song in general.
A fitend of mine stored a pond of three or The card they began that hour,
four acres with carps and tench. How that a life was but a flower, Sbakspears. To CARP. v. n. [carpo, Lat.) To cetTo CA'ROL. v. n. [carolare, Ital.] To sure; to cavil; to find fault: with at sing; to warble ; to sing in joy and
before the thing or person censured. festivity.
Tertullianeven often, through discontentment
, Hark, how the cheerfulbirds do chant their lays,
carpetb injuriously at them, as though they did And carol of love's praise.
This your all-licens’d fool Hov'ring swans, their throats releas'd
Does hourly carp and quarrel, breaking forth From native silence, cerol sounds harmonious.
In rank and not to be endured riots. Sbakspeare. Prior,
No, not a tooth or nail to scratch To CA'ROL. v. a. To praise ; to celebrate
And at my actions carp or catch. Herber.
When I spoke,
My honest homely words were carpid and cese She with precious viol'd liquors heals,
sur'd, For which the shepherds at their festivals For want of courtly stile.
Dryden. Carol her goodness loud in rustick lays. Milton. Ca'RPENTER. n. s. [charpentier, Fr.) An CAROTID. adi. [carotides, Lat.] Two artificer in wood; a builder of houses arteries which arise out of the 'ascend
and ships. He is distinguished from ing trunk of the aorta, near where the
a joiner, as the carpenter performs larger subclavian arteries arise.
and stronger work. The carotid, vertebral, and splenerick arteries,
This work performed with advisement good, are not only variously contorted, but also here and there dilated, to moderate the motion of the
Godtrey his carpenters, and men of skill blood.
In all the camp, sent to an aged wood. Fairfer. Ray on the Creation,
In building Hiero's great ship, there were CARO'USAL. n. s. [from carouse. It seems three hundred carpenters employed for 2 year more properly pronounced with the ac together.
Wilkies cent upon the second syllable ; but
in burden'd vessels first with speedy care, Dryden accents it on the first.] A
His plenteous stores do season'd timbers send;
Thither the brawny carpenters repair, festival.
And, as the surgeons of maim'd ships, attend. This game, these carousals Ascanius taught, And building alba to the Latins brought. Dryd. CA'R PENTRY. n. s. [from carpenter.] The TO CARO'USE. V. n. [carouser, Fr. from trade or art of a carpenter.
gar ausz, all out, Germ.] To drink; to It had been more proper for me to have inquatf; to drink largely.
troduced carpentry before joinery, because necesa He calls for wine: a health, quoth he; as if sity did doubtless compel our forefathers to use H’ad been aboard carousing to his mates
the conveniency of the first, rather than the eso After a storm.
travagancy of the last. Moxon's Mecb. Eser. Learn with how little life may be preserv'd,
CA'R PER: n. s. [from To carp.] A caIn gold and myrrh they need not to carouse. viller; a censorious man.
I have not these weeds, Now hats fly off, and youths carouse,
By putting on the cunning of a carper. Sbabis. Healths first go round, and then the house,
CARPET. n. s. [karpet, Dutch.]
1. A covering of various colours, spread They sit carousing, where their liquor grows.
upon floors or tables.
Waller. Be the Jacks fair within, the Jills fair witho To CARO'USE. v. a. To drink up lavishiy. out, carpets laid, and every thing in order ?
Now my sick fool, Roderigo,
Against the wall, in the middle of the hall
pace, is a chair placed before him, with a table To Desdemona hath to-night carous'd
and carpet before it. Potations pottle deep.
. 2. Ground variegated with flowers, and Our cheerfulguests carouse the sparkling tears
level and smooth. Of the rich grape, whilst musick charms their Go signity as much, while here we march
Upon the grassy carpet of this plain. Sbskipti CARO’USE. n. s. (from the verb.]
The carpet ground shall be with leaves d'eta
spread, 1. A drinking match.
Waste in wild riot what your land allows, 'There ply the early feast, and late carouse. Pope. 2. A hearty dose of liquor.
3. Any thing variegated. He had so many eyes watching over him, as
The whole dry land is, for the most part
, he could not drink a full carouse of sack, but the
covered over with a lovely carpet of green gras
and other herbs. state was advertised thercof within few hours after.
Davies on Ireland. 4. Cerpet is used, proverbially, for a state Please you, we may contrive this afternoon,
of ease and luxury; as, a carpet knighi
, And quaffcar
carouses to our mistress' health. Sbak. a knight that has never known the field, CARO'USERi n. s. [from carouse.] A and has recommended himself only at drinker ; a toper.
table. The bold carouser, and advent'ring dame,
He is knight, dubbed with unhacked rapie, Nor fear the fever, nor refuse the Hame;
and on carpet consideration. Sate in his skill, from all constraint set free
5. To be on the carpet (sur le tapis
, Fr. But conscious shame, remorse, and piety. Granv. is to be the subject of consideration; a! CARP. n so[carpe, Fr.] A pond fish. affair in hand.