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When the best things are not possible, the best For those, the race of Israel oft forsook may be made of those that are. Hooker. Their living strength, and unfrequented left
When he is best, he is little more than a man; His righteous alcar, bowing lowly down and when he is worst, he is little better than a To bestial gods.
Sbakspeare The things promised are not gross and carnal, I think it a good argument to say, the infinitely such as may court and gratify the most bestial wise God hath made it so, and therefore it is best. part of us.
Decay of Piety. But it is too much confidence of our own wisdom, BESTIA’LITY. n. s. [from bestial.] The to say, I think it best, and therefore God hath
quality of beasts ; degeneracy from humade it so.
Locke. An evil intention perverts the best actions,
man nature. and makes them sins.
What can be a greater absurdity, than to af2. The best! The utmost power; the strong
firm bestiality to be the essence of humanity,
and darkness the centre of light? est endeavour; the most; the highest
Arbuth. ard Pope's Mart: Scribl.. perfection.
BE'STIALLY. adv. [from bestial.] BruI profess not talking : only this, Let each man do his best.
tally ; in a manner below humanity.
Sbakspeare. To BESTICK. v. a. preterit, I bestuck; I The duke did his best to come down. Bacon. He does this to the best of his power. Locke.
have bestuck. [from stick.] To stick My friend, said he, our sport is at the best. over with any thing ;
to mark ang Addison. thing by infixing points or spots here 3. To make the best. To carry to its and there. greatest perfection; to improve to the
Trurn shall retire, utmost.
Bestuck with sland'rous darts; and works of faith Let there be freedom to carry their com
Rarely be found.
Milton. modities where they may make the best of them, To Besti'il. v. a. [from stir.) except there be some special cause of caution. 1. To put into vigorous action. It is sel
Bacon. dom used otherwise than with the reHis father left him an hundred drachmas;
ciprocal pronoun. Alnaschar, in order to make the best of it, laid it
As when men wont to watch out in glasses.
Addison. We set sail, and made the best of our way, till
On duty, sleeping found by whom they dread,
Rouze and bestir themselves erewellawake. Milt. we were forced, by contrary winds, into St. Re*
Bestirs ber then, and from each tender stalk Addison,
Whatever earth, all-bearing mother, yieids, Best. adv. (from well.] In the bighest She gathers.
Paradise Losta degree of goodness.
But, as a dog that turns the spic We shall dwell in that place where he shall Bestirs himself, and plies his feet choose; in one of thy gates, where it liketh him To climb the wheel, but all in vain, best.
Deuteronomy. His own weight brings him down again. Best is sometimes used in composition.
Hudibrant These latter best-betrust spies had some of
What aileth them, that they must needs bestir them further instructions, to draw off the best themselves to get in air, to maintain the creature's friends and servants of Perkin, by making re
Raya monstrances to them, how weakly his enterprize 2. It is used by Shakspeare with a common and hopes were built.
Bacon. word. By this law of loving even our enemies, the
I am scarce in breath, nay lord.-No marvel : christian religion discovers itself to be the most you have so bestirred your valour, you cowardly. generous and best-natured institution that ever
Sbakspeare. was in the world.
TO BESTO’W. v. a. (besteden, Dutch.) To BESTA'IN. v. a. [from stain.) To mark with stains; to spot.
1. To give ; to confer upon : commonly We will not line his thin bestained cloke With our pure honours.
All men would willingly have yielded him T. BESTE'AD. v. a. I bested; I have bested.
praise; but his nature was such as to bestow ·ica
upon himself, before any could give it. Sidney. [from stead.]
All the dedicated things of the house of the 1. To profit.
Lord did they bestow upon Baaliin. 2 Chronicles. Hence, vain deluding joys!
2. Sometimes with to. The brood of folly, without father bred;
Sir Julius Cæsar had, in his office, the dispa How little you bestead,
sition of the six clerks places; which he had bee Or fill the fixed mind with all your toys! Milton. stowed to such persons as he thought fit.Clerenden. 2. To treat; to accommodate. This should 3. To give as charity or bounty. rather be bested.
Our Saviour doth plainly witness that there They shall pass through it hardly bestead, and should not be as much as a cup of cold water be: hungry.
Isaiab. stowed for his sake, without reward. Hooker. BE'STIAL. adj. [from beast.]
And though he was unsatisfied in getting, 1. Belonging to a beast, or to the class of
Which was a sin; yet in bestowing, madam,
He was most princely, beasts.
Shakspeara His wild disorder'd walk, his haggard eyes,
Spain to your gift alone her Indies owes; Did all the bestial citizens surprize.
For what the pow'rful takes not, he bestows, Dryden.
Dryden. 2. Having the qualities of beasts; brutal; You always exceed expectations: as if yours
below the dignity of reason or hu was not your own, but to bestow on wanting manity; carnal.
* Dryden. I have lost the immortal part of myself, and 4. To give in marriage. what remains is bestial.
Shakspeare's Othello. Good rev'rend father, make my person yours; Morcover urge his hateful luxury,
And tell me how you would bestow yourself. And basiial appecite, in change of lust. Sbaksp;
I could have bestowed her upon a fine gentle. To BESTU'D.v. a. [from stud.) To adorm. man, who extremely admired her. Tatier.
with studs, or shining prominences. s. To give as a present.
Th' unsought diamonds Pure oil and incense on the fire they throw, Would so emblaze the forehead of the deep, And fat of victims which his friends bestow. And so bestud with stars, that they below 6. To apply.
Would grow inur'd to light.
Miltona The sea was not the duke of Marlborough's BET. n. s. (peddian, to wager ; ped, a element ; otherwise the whole force of the war
wager, Sax. from which the etymolowould infallibly have been bestowed there.
gists derive bet. I should rather imagine 7. To lay out upon.
it to come from betan, to mend, increase, And thou shalt bestow that money for what or better, as a bet increases the original soever thy soul lusteth after, for oxen, sheep, wager.] A wager; something laid to or for wine.
Deuteronomy. be won upon certain conditions. 8. To lay up; to stow; to place.
The hoary fool, who many days And when he came to the tower, he took Has struggled with continued sorrow, them from their hand, and bestowed them in Renews his hope, and blindly lays the house.
2 Kings. The desp'rate bet upon to-morrow. Prior. BESTOWER. n. s. [from bestow.] Giver;
His pride was in piquette, he that confers any thing; disposer.
Newmarket fame, and judgment at a bet. Pope. They all agree in making one supreme God; To Bet. v. a. [from the noun.] To and that there are several beings that are to be wager ; to stake at a wager. worshipped under him; some as the besto toer's He drew a good bow: and dead? John of of thrones, but subordinate to the Supreme. Gaunt loved him well, and betted much upon Stillingfeet. his head.
Shakspeares BESTRA’UGHT. part. [Of this participle He flies the court, for want of clothes; I have not found the verb; by analogy
Cries out 'gainst cocking, since he cannot bet,
Ben Jonson, we may derive it from bestract; perhaps
Tlie god, unhappily engag d, it is corrupted from distraught.] Dis
Complain'd, and sigh'd, and cried, and fretted, tracted; mad; out of one's senses ; Lost every earthly thing he betted. Prior, out of one's wits.
BET. The old preterit of beat. Ask Marian, che fat alewife, if she knew me He staid for a better hour, till the hammer had not. What! I am not bestraught. Sbakspears. wrought and bet the party more pliant. Bacon. TO BESTRE'w. v.a. part. pass. bestrewed, To BET A'KE. V. a. pret. I betook ; part. or bestrown. [from strew.] To sprinkle pass, betaken. [from take.]
1. To take; to seize : an obsolete sense. So thick bestrown,
'Then to his hands that writ he did betale, Abject and lost lay these, covering the food. Which he disclosing read.
2. To have recourse to : with the reciproTO BESTRI'DE. v. a. I bestrid; I have
cal pronoun. bestrid, or bestridden. [from stride.] The adverse party betaking itself to such prac. 1. To stride over any thing ; to have any tices as men embrace, when they behold things thing between one's legs.
brought to desperate extremities. Hooker. Why, man, he doth bestride the narrow world
Thou tyrant ! Like a colossus.
Sbakspeare: Do not repent these things; for they are heavier Make him bestride the ocean, and mankind Than all thy woes can stir; therefore betake thee Ask his consent to use the sea and wind. Waller. To nothing but despair.
Sbakspeare. 2. To step over.
The rest, in imitation, to like arms
Betook them, and the neighbouring hills up tore. Thou noble thing ! more dances my rapt heart,
Milton, Than when I first my wedded mistress saw 3. To apply: with the reciprocal proBestride my threshold.
Sbakspeare. 3. It is often used, in the consequential With ease such fond chimeras we pursue, sense, for to ride on.
As fancy frames for fancy to subdue : He bestrides the lazy pacing clouds,
But when ourselves to action we betake, And sails upon the bosom of the air.
Sbaksp. It shuns the mint, like gold that chymists make. That horse, that thou so often hast bestrid,
Dryden. That horse, that I so carefully have dressid. Asmy observations have been the light where
Sbakspeare. by I have steered my course, so I betake myself Venetians do not more uncouthly ride,
to them again.
Woodzvard. Than did their lubber state mankind bestride. 4. To move ; to remove.
Dryden. Soft she withdrew; and, like a wood nymph The bounding steed you pompously bestride
light, Shares with his lord the pleasure and the pride. Oread or Dryad, or of Delia's train,
Betook her to the groves.
Milton, 4. It is used sometimes of a man standing They both betook them several ways ;. over something which he defends: the Both to destroy.
Millon, present mode of war has put this sense T. BETE'EM. v. a. [from teem.] To bring out of use.
forth ; to bestow; to give. He bestrid
So would I, said th' enehanter, glad and faia An o'erpress'd Roman, and i'th' consuls view Beteem to you his sword, you to detend; Slew three opposers: Tarquin's self he met, But that this weapon's pow'r I well have kenn'd, And struck him on his knees. Shakspeare. To be contrary to the work that ye intend. If thou see me down in the battle, and bestride
Fairy Queen. mne, so; 't is a point of friendship. Sbakspeare.
Rain, which I could spell He doth bestride a bleeding land,
Beteen them from the tempest of mine eyes. Gasping for life under grea: Bolingbroke. Shiks
TO BETHI'NK. v. a. I bethought ; I have Send succouts,lotds, and stop the rage betieti, bitbought. [from think.] To recal to re.
To measure life learn thou betimes, and know fection ; to bring back to consideration
Tow'rd solid good what leads the nearest way. or recollection. It is generally used with the reciprocal pronoun, and of 2. Soon ; before long time has passed. before the subject of thought.
Whiles they are weak, betimes with them They were sooner in danger than they could concend; almosé betbink themselves of change. Sidney. For when they once to perfect strength do grow, I have betkought me of another fault...Sbaksp. Strong wars they make.
Spenser. I, better bethinking myself, and misliking his He tires betimes, that spurs too fast betimes. determination, gave him this order. Raleigb.
Sbakspearl. He himself,
There be some have an over early ripeness in Insatiable of glory, had lost all :
their years, which fadeth betimes : these are first, Yet of another plea bethought him soon. Milton. such as have brittle wits, the edge whereof is The nors were laid, yet the birds could never soon turned.
Baconi betbink thenselues till hampered, and past re Reinember thy Creator in the days of thy covery:
youth; that is, enter upon a religious course Cherippus, then in time yourself brthink; burimes.
Tillotson And what your rags will yield by auction, sink. Short is the date, alas! of modern rhymes;
Dryden. And 't is but just to let them live betimer. Perso A little consideration may allay his heat, and 3. Early in the day. make him bethink himself, whether this attempt He'that drinks all night, and is hanged be be worth the veuture.
times in the morning, may sleep the sounder BE"THLEHEM. n. s. [Sce BEDLAM.] next day.
Sbakspeari. A hospital.for lunaticks.
They rose betimes in the morning, and offered
sacritice, BE'THLEHEMITE. n. s. (See BEDLAM
1 Maccabeant ITE.) A lunatick; an inhabitant of BE'TLE. n. s. [piper adulterinum.) An
BE'tre.) Indian plant, called water pep. a madhouse. BETHO'UGHT. participle. [from bethink ; T. Beto'ken. v. a. [from token.]
Dici. which see.]
1. To signify ; to mark; to represent. To BETHRA'l, v.a. [from thrall.] To We know not wherefore churches should be
enslave; to conquer ; to bring into sub the worse, if, at this time, when they are delijection.
vered into God's own possession, cerenionies tit Ne let that wicked woman 'scape away,
to betoken such intents, and to accompany such For she it is that did my lord betbral. Spenser.
actions, be usual.
A dewy cloud, and in the cloud a bow To BETHU'MP.' v.a. [from thump.] To Conspicuous with three listed colours gay,
beat; to lay blows upon: a ludicrous Betokening peace from God. word.
2. To foreshow; to presignify. I was never so bethumpt with words,
The kindling azure, and the mountain's brow Since tirst I call d my brother's father dad.
Illum'd with fluid gold, his near approach
Tborssak. To BSTI'DE, 2. n. pret. It betided, or
BE'TONY. n. s. (betonica, Lat.] A plants betid ; part. pass, betid.
greatly esteemed as a vulnerary herb. Sax. See TIDE.]
Miller. 1. To happen to; to befal; to bechance, Beto'o K. irreg. pret. [from betake; which whether good or bad: with the person.
see.] Said he then to the palmer, revere:d sire, TO BETO'ss. v. a. [from toss.] To disturb; What great misfortune hath betid this knight? to agitate ; to put into violent motion.
Spenser. What said my man, when my betossed soul But say, if our deliverer up to heav'n
Did not attend him as we rode? Sbakspears Must reascend; what will betide the few, To BETRAY. v. a. (trabir, Fr.] His faithful, left among th' unfaithful herd,
1. To give into the hands of enemies by The enemies of truth?
treachery, or breach of trust : with is 2. Sometimes it has to. Neither know I
before the person, otherwise into. What is betid to Cloten; but remain
If ye be come to betray me to mine enemies, Perplext in all.
seeing there is no wrong in mine bands, the Go 4. To come to pass; to fall out ; to hap
of our fathers look thercon, and rebuke it.
1 Chronicles. pen: without the person.
Jesus said unto them, The Son of Man shall She, when her turn was come her tale to tell, be betrayed into the hands of men. Mastbos. Told of a strange adventure that betided
For fear of nothing else but a betraying of the Betwixt the fox, and th' ape by him misguided. succours which reason offereth,
Spenser. He was not to be won, either by promise of In winter's tedious nights sit by the fire
reward, to betray the city.
Kallen With good old folks, and let thein tell thec tales 2. To discover that which has been enOf woefulages, long ago betid. Sbakspeare. trusted to secrecy..
Let me hear from thec by letters
3. To expose to evil by revealing some Betidets here in absence of thy friend. Sbaksp.
How would'st thou again betray te,
Bearing my words and doings to the Lord!
4., To make known something that were BETI'Me. adv. [from by and time ; better concealed. BETIMES. S that is, by the proper time.] Be swift to hear, but be cautious of your > Seasonably; carly; before it is late.
conguc, less you betray your igaorance. Katto
s. To make liable to fall into something Than stand on any shoulders that I see
Before me at this instant. inconvenient. His abilities created him great confidence; and
Having a desire to depart, and be with Christ;
which is far better. this was like enough to betray hiin to great
Philippians. King Cbarles.
The BE'TIER. The bright genius is ready to be so forward, 1. The superiority ; the advantage: with as often betrays itself into great errours in judg the particle of before him, or that, over
..which the advantage is gained 6. To show; to discover.
The Corinthians that morning, as the days beIre, envy, and despair, fore, had tbe better.
Sidney. Which marr’d his borrow'd visage, and betray’d The voyage of Drake and Hawkins was un. Him counterfeit, if any eve bebeld. Milion.
fortunate; yet, in such sort, as doth not break The Veian and the Gabian tow'rs shall fall,
our prescription, to have had the better of the And one promiscuous ruin cover all;
Bacon. Nor, after length of years, a stone betray
Dionysius, his countryman, in an epistle to The place where once thevery ruins lay. Addison. Pompey, after an express comparison, affords BETRA'Y ER, 1. s. [from betray.] He that him the better of Thucydides. Brown's Vulg. Er. betrays; a traitor.
You think fit The wise man doch so say of fear, that it is a To get the better of me, and you shall; betrayer of the forces of reasonable understand Since you will have it so ;-) will be yours. ing. Hooker,
S x berne, You cast down your courage through fear, The gentleman had always so much tie better the betrayer of all succours hich reason can
of the satirist, that the persons touched did not afford.
Sir 7. Hayward.
know where to fix their resentment. Prior. They are only a few betrayers of their coun. 2. Improvement; as, for the better, so as try; they are to purchase coin, perhaps at half to improve it. price, and vend it among us, to the ruin of the If I have altered him any where for the better, publick.
Swift. I must at the same time acknowledge, that To BETRI'M. v. a. [from trim.] To deck; could have done nothing without him. Dryden.
to dress; to grace; to adorn ; to em BE'rter. adv. [comparative of well.] bellish; to beautify; to decorate, Well, in a greater degree. Thy banks with pioned and twilled brims,
Then it was better with me than now. Hosea. Which spungy April at thy hest betrins,
Better a mechanick rule were stretched or To make cold nymphs chaste crowns. Sbaksp. broken, than a great beautynere omitted. Dryd. T.BETRO'TH. v.a. [from trotb; betrowen,
The better to understand the extent of our Dutch.]
knowledge, one thing is to be observed. Locke
He that would kuow the idea of infinity, 1. To contract to any one, in order to
cannot do better, than by considering to what marriage; to affiance : used either of
infinity is attributed.
Locke. men or women.
TO BETTER. V. a. [from the noun.] He, in the first flower of my freshest age,
1. To improve ; to meliorate. Betratbed me unto the only heir
The cause of his taking pon him our nature, Of a most mighty king, most rich and sage.
was to bei'er the quality, and to advance the condition thereof.
Hooker. To her, my lord, Was I bet rotbed, ere l'Hermia saw. Sbakspeare.
He is furnished with my opinion, which is
bettered with his own learning. Shakspeare. By soul's publick promise she
Heir to all his lauds and goods, Was sold then, and betrotb'd to victory. Cowley.
Which I have better'd rather than decreas'd. 2. To have, as affianced by promise of
But Jonathan, to whom both hearts were And what man is there that hath betroiled a
known, wife, and hath not taken her ? let him go and With well-tim'd zeal, and with an artful care, return into his house.
Deuteronomy. Restor'd and betirr'd soon the nice affair. Cowley. 3. To nominate to a bishoprick, in order The church of England, the purest and best to consecration.
reformed church in the world; so well reformed, If any person he consecrated a bishop to that that it will be found tasier to alter than beter its church, whereunto he was not before beirethed,
South. he shall not receive the habit of consecration, as
The Romans took pains to hew out a passage not being canonically promoted. Ayliffe. for these lakes to discharge themselves for the TO BETRU'ST. v.a. [from trust.] To beitering of the air.
Addison. entrust; to put into the power of an
2. To surpass; to exceed.
The works of nature do always aim at that other, in confidence of fidelity:
which cannot be bettered.
Hooker. Betrust him with all the good which our own He hath borne himself beyond the promise of capacity will allow us, or his sufficiency encou
his age; he hath, indeed, better bittered exrage us, to hope fur, either in this life, or that
pectation, than you must expect of me to tell Grew. you.
Slaispeare. Whatsoever you would betrust to your memo
What you do
Still betters what is done ; when you speak, sueet,
Sbakspears [ber, good,'bezejia, bétter, Sax.] Having good qualities in a greater degree 3. To advance ; to support.
The king thought his honour would suffer, than sonething else. Sve Good. during a treaty, to beller a party. Bacon.
He has a horse better than the Neapoliton's; Be'riir. n. s. [from the adjective.] Su. a better bad habit of frowning than the count palatine.
periour ; one to whom precedence is Slaksp. Marchant of Venice. I have seen better faces in my time,
to be given. VOL. I.
Their betters would be hardly found, if they Five years since, there was some speech of did not live among men, but in a wilderness by
marriage themselves. Hooker, Betwixt myself and her.
Sbakspeare. The courtesy of nations allows you my better, BE'VEL.] n. s. In masonry and joinery, in that you are the first-born. Shakspeare. Bevil. } a kind of square, one leg of
That ye thus hospitably live,
which is frequently crooked, according And makes e'en gods themselves your debtors. to the sweep of an arch or vault. It is
moveable on a point or centre, and so I have some gold and silver by me, and shall may be set to any angle. An angle be able to make a shift when many of my betters
that is not square, is called a bevil angle, arc starving.
whether it be more obtuse, or more BE'TTOR. 1. s. [from To bet.] One that lays bets or wagers.
acute, than a right angle. Builder's Dict. s observed a stranger among them of a gen
Their houses are very ill built, their walls bevil, teeler behaviour than ordinary; but, notwith: To Be'vel. v. a. (from the noun.] To
without one right angle in any apartment. Szifis standing he was a very fair bettor, nobody would take him up.
cut to a bevel angle. BEʻrty.n. s. (probably a cant word, sig
These rabbets are ground square; but the rabnifying an instrument which does what
bets on the groundsel are bevelled downwards,
that rain may the freelier fall off. Momon. is too often done by à maid within.] Bever. See BEAVER. An instrument to break open doors. BE'VERAGE. n. s. [from bevere, to drink,
Record the stratagems, the arduous exploits, and the nocturnal scalades, of needy heroes, de
Ital.] scribing the powerful betty, or the artful pick
1. Drink; liquor to be drank in general. lock.
am his cupbearer; BETWE'En. prep. [bezpeonan, bezpinan,
If from me he have wholesome beverage,
. Saxon ; from the original word opa,
Grains, pulses, and all sorts of fruits, either two.]
bread or beverage may be made almost of all. I. In the intermediate space.
Brown's Vulgar Errouri. What modes
A pleasant beverage he prepar'd before, Of smell, the headlong lioness between
Of wine and honey mix'd.
Dryden. And hound sagacious on the tainted green! Pope. The coarse lean gravel on the mountain sides 2. From one to another : noting inter Scarce dewy bev’rage for the bees provides.
Dryden, He should think himself unhappy, if things 2. Beverage, or water cyder, is made by should go so between them, as he should not be putting the mure into a fat, adding able to acquit himself of ingratitude towards
water, as you desire it stronger or them both.
smaller. The water should stand forty3. Belonging to two in partnership.
eight hours on it, before you press it; I ask whether Castor and Pollux, with only one soul between them, which thinks and per
when it is pressed, tun it up immeceives in one what the other is never conscious
diately. of, are not two distinct persons ? Lucke. 3. A treat upon wearing a new suit of 4. Bearing relation to two.
clothes. If there be any discord or suits between them 4. A treat at first coming into a prison, and any of the family, they are compounded and called also garnish. appeased.
BE'vy. n. s. [beva, Ital.] Friendship requires, that it be betwveen two at least ; and there can be no friendship where
I. A fock of birds. there are not two friends.
South. 2. A company; an assembly. 5. Noting difference, or distinction of one And in the midst thereof, upon the floor, from the other.
A lovely bevy of fair ladies sat, Their natural constitutions put so wide a dif
Courted of many a jolly paramour. ference between some men, that art would never
They on the plain
Long had not walkid, when, from the tents, be
hold Children quickly distinguish between what is required of them, and what not. Locke,
A bevy of fair women.
Nor rode the nymph alone; 6. Between is properly used of two, and Around a bevy of bright damsels shone. Pepco
among of more ; but perhaps this ac To Be w A'Il. v. a. (from wail.) To be curacy is not always preserved.
moan; to lament; to express sorrow
for. BETWI'XT. prep. [berpýx, Saxon. It has
In this city he the same signification with between, and
Hath widow'd and unchilded many a one; is indifferently used for it.]
Which to this hour bervail the injury. Sbaksp. 1. In the midst of two.
Yet wiser Ennius gave command to all Hard by, a cottage chimney smokes
His friends, not to bewail his funeral. From betavixt two aged oaks.
Milton. Methinks, like two black storms, on either I cannot but bewail as in their tirst principles, hand,
the miseries and calamities of our children. Our Spanish army and your Indians stand ; This only place bet vixt the clouds is clear. Dryd. To BEWA'll. v. n. To express grief.
If contradicting interest could be mixt, Nature herself has cast a bar betwixt. Dryden.
Thou scarlet sin, robb’d this bewailing land 2. From one to another.
Of noble Buckingham, my father-in-low. Shake
Sir Febr Derbas