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His hinder parts.
and Italy, where it grows among corn, CALX. n. s. [Latin.] Any thing that is
peremptorily all the dividing power of fire ; and
will not be reduced into a cală, or lime, by such Georgick, under the name of tribulus.
operation as reduces lead into it. Digby Miller.
CA’LYCIE. n. s. [calyculus, Lat.) A small To Calve. V. n. (from calf.]
bud of a plant.
Dict. 1. To bring a calf : spoken of a cow. CAMAIEU. n. s. [from camachuia ; which
When she has calv'd, then set the dam aside,
name is given by the orientals to the 2. It is used metaphorically for any act of
onyx, when, in preparing it, they find
another colour.] bringing forth ; and sometimes of men,
1. A stone with various figures and repreby way of reproach. I would they were barbarians; as they are,
sentations of landskips, formed by naThough in Rome litter'd: not Romans; as they
ture. are not,
2. [In painting.) A term used where there Though calved in the porch o'th'capitol. Sbaks, · is only one colour, and where the lights The grassy clods now calv'd; now half
ap and shadows are of gold, wrought on a The tawny lion, pawing to get free
golden or azure ground. This kind of Milton.
work is chiefly used to represent basso CALVES-SNOUT. [antirrhinum.] A plant;
CA'MBER. 1. s. (See CAMBERING.] A CALVILLE. n. s. [French.] A sort of term among workmen. apple.
Camber, a piece of timber cut arching, so as, To CALU'MNIATE. v. n. (calumnior, Lat.]
a weight considerable being set upon it, it may
in length of time be induced to a straight. Moxon. To accuse falsely; to charge without
CA'MBERING. n. 5. A word mentioned by just ground.
Skinner, as peculiar to shipbuilders, who
say that a place is cambering, when they To envious and calumniating time. Shakspeare.
mean arched. (From chambré, Fr.]
Do I calumniate? thou ungrateful Vanoc!-
ruffles, women's sleeves, and
caps. To say that Gwendolen, betroth'd to Yver,
He hath ribbons of all the colours of the rainWas by her father first assur'd to Valens ? bow ; inkles, caddises, cambricks, and lawns. A. Philips.
Sbakspeare. TO CALU'MNIATE. v. a. To slander.
Rebecca had, by the use of a looking glass,
and by the further use of certain attire, made of One trade or art, even those that should be the most liberal, make it their business to dis
cambrick, upon her head, attained to an evil art.
Tatler. dain, and calumniate another.
Confed'rate in the cheat, they draw the throng,
And cambrick handkerchiefs reward the song. That which we call calumniation, is a
mal very common in Arabia, Judea, hatred of potent calumniators, must lay his finger
and the neighbouring countries. One upon his mouth, and keep his hand out of the sort are large, and full of flesh, and fit
L'Estrange. to carry burdens of a thousand pounds At the same time that Virgil was celebrated by Gallus, we know that Bavius and Mævius
weight, having one bunch upon their
backs. Another have two bunches upon were his declared foes and calumniators. Addison. CALU'MNIOUS. adj. [from calumnz.] Slan
their backs, like a natural saddle, and derous ; falsely reproachful.
ther for burdens, or men to Virtue itself 'scapes not calumnious strokes.
ride on. A third kind are leaner, and
Sbakspeare. of a smaller size, called dromedaries, With calumnious art
because of their swiftness; which are Of counterfeited truth, thus held their ears. generally used for riding by men of
Gamels have large solid feet, but not hard. false charge ; groundless accusa Camels will continue ten or twelve days without tion : with against, or sometimes upon, eating or drinking; and keep water a long time before the person accused.
in their stomach, for their refreshment. Calmet. Be thou as chaste as ice, as pure as snow,
Patient of thirst and toil,
Son of the desart! even the camel feels,
Shot through his wither'd heart, the fiery biast. mate, to affirm, that so excellent a fruit will not
Thomson. grow here,
Temple. CAME'LOPARD. 11. s. [from camelus aud
pardus, Lat.) An Abyssinian animal, Next, to secure our camp and naval pow'rs, taller than an elephant, but not so thick.
Raise an embattled wall with lofty tow'ss. Pops He is so named, because he has a neck
To CAMP. v. a. (from the noun.] and head like a camel; he is spotted 1. To encamp; to lodge in tents, for like a pard, but his spots are white upon
hostile purposes. a red ground. The Italians call him
Had our great palace the capacity giarafa.
tents. I. A kind of stuff originally made by a CAMP-FIGHT. n. s. An old word for commixture of silk and camels hair; it is
bat. now made with wool and silk.
For their trial by camp-fight, the accuser was This habit was not of camels skin, nor any with the peril of his own body, to prove the accoarse texture of its hair, but rather some finer cused guilty; and, by offering him his glove or weave of camelot, grograin, or the like; inasmuch
gantlet, to challenge him to this trial. Hakeseidk as these stuffs are supposed to be made of the hair of that animal. Brown's Vulgar Errours.
CAMPAIGN. ? n. s. (campaigne, Fr. 2. Hair cloth.
campania, Itai.] Meantime the pastor shears their hoary beards, 1. A large, open, level tract of ground, And eases of their hair the loaden herds:
without hills. Their camelots warm in tents the soldier hold, In countries thinly inhabited, and especially And shield the shiv'ring mariner from cold. in vast cumpanias, there are few cities, besides
Dryden. what grow by the residence of kings. Tezpie. CAMERA OBSCURA. (Latin.) An opti Those grateful groves that shade the plain, cal machine used in a darkened chani
Where Tiber rolls majestic to the main, ber, so that the light coming only
And fattens, as he runs, the fair campaign.
Garth. through a double convex glass, objects
2. The time for which any army keeps the exposed to daylight, and opposite to the
field, without entering into quarters, glass, are represented inverted upon any
This might have hastened his march, which white matter placed in the focus of the would have made a fair conclusion of the case glass. Martin. paign.
Clarendon. CAMER ADE. n. s. (from camera, a cham Ån Iliad rising out of one campaign. Addisan. ber, Lat.) One that lodges in the same
CAMPA'NIFORM. adj. [of campana, a bell, chamber; a bosom companion. By cor and forma, Lat.) A term used of flowruption we now use comrade.
ers which are in the shape of a bell. Camerades with him, and confederates in his
Rymer; CAMPA'NULATE. adj. The same with CA'MERATED. adj. [cameratus, Lat.) campaniform. Arched ; roofed slopewise.
CAMPESTRAL. adj. [campestris, Lat.) CAMERA'TioN. n. s. [cameratio, Lat.] A
Growing in fields. vaulting or arching.
The mountain beech is the whitest ; but the CAMISA'Do. n. s. (camisa, a shirt, Ital. campestral, or wild beech, is blacker and more camisium, low Lat.) An attack made by durable.
Mortimer. soldiers in the dark; on which occasion CA'MPHIRE TREE. n. f: [campbora, Lat.] they put their shirts outward, to be seen
There are two sorts of this tree; one is a nae by each other.
tive of the isle of Borneo, from which the best They had appointed the same night, whose
campbire is taken, which is supposed to be a
natural exsudation from the tree, produced in darkness would have encreased the fear, to have given a camisado upon the English. Hayward.
such places where the bark of the tree has been CA'MISATED. adj. (from camisa, a shirt.]
wounded or cut. The other sort is a native of
Japan, which Dr. Kempfer describes to be a Dressed with the shirt outward.
kind of bay, bearing black or purple berries, and CA'MLET. See CAMELOT.
from whence the inhabitants prepare their cos He had on him a_gown with wide sleeves, of pbire, by making a simple decoction of the root a kind of water candet, of an excellent azure and wood of this tree, cut into small pieces; but colour.
Bacon. this sort of campbire is, in value, eighty or an CAʼMMOCK. n. s. (cammoc, Saxon ; 010 hundred times less than the true Bornean cas. nis.] An herb; the same with petty whirl,
It is oftener used for the gum of this tree. or restharrow. CAMOMILE. n. s. (anthemis.] A flower. CAʼMPHORATE.adj. [from campbora, Lat.] CAMO'ys. adj. [camus, Fr.] Flat ; level ; Impregnated with camphire. depressed. It is only used of the nose. By shaking the saline and compborate liquors
Many Spaniards, of the race of Barbary Moors, together, we easily confounded them into one though' after frequent commixture, have not
Beyle. worn out the camoys nose unto this day, Brown. CAMPION. n. so [lychnis, Lat.] A plant. CAMP. n. s. (camp, Fr. camp, Sax. from CA'MUS. n. s. (probably from camisa,
campus, Lat.) The order of tents, Lat.7 Athin dress, mentioned by Spenser. placed by armies when they keep the And was yclad, for heat of scorching air, field. We use the phrase to pitch a camp,
All in silken camus, lilly white,
Purfied upon with many a folded plight. Fairy Q. to encamp. From camp to camp, through the foul womb of CAN, 11. s. [canne, Sax.) A cup; gene. night,
rally a cup made of metal, or some The hum of either army My sounds. Shaksp. other matter than earth.
TO CAN. v.
I hate it as an unfillod can. Sbakspeare. and nowhere else ; but now bred in seOne tree, the coco, affordeth stuff for housing,
veral parts of Europe, particularly Gerclothing, shipping, meat, drink, and can. Grew. His empty can, with ears half worn away,
many: Was hung on high, to boast the triumph of the
Of singing birds they have linnets, goldfinches, day.
ruddocks, canary birds, blackbirds, thrushes, and divers other.
Carew. n. [konnen, Dutch. It is sometimes, though rarely, used alone ;
TO CA'NCEL. v. a. (canceller, Fr. from but is in constant use as an expression
cancellis notare, to mark with cross lines.] of the potential mood: as, I can do,
1. To cross a writing. thou canst do, I could do, thou couldest
2. To efface; to obliterate in general. do. It has no other terminations.]
Now welcome night, though night so long 1. To be able ; to have power.
That Icng day's Labour doth at last defray; In place there is licence to do good and evil, And all my cares which crucl love collected whereof the latter is a curse : for, in evil, the best Has summ'd in one, and cancelled for aye. Spens, condition is, not to will; the second, not to can. Know then, I here forget all former griefs,
Bacon. Cancel all grudge, repeal thee home again. Sbaks. O, there's the wonder!
Thou, whom avenging pow'rs obey, Mecænas and Agrippa, who can most
Cancel my debt, too great to pay, With Cæsar, are his foes.
Dryden. Before the sad accounting day. Roscommon. He can away with no company, whose dis I pass the bills, my lords, course goes beyond what claret and dissoluteness
For cancelling your debts.
Locke. 2. It expresses the potential mood ; as, I
CA'NCELLATED. particip. adj. [from cancan do it.
cel.] Cross-barred; marked with lines If she can make me blest! She only can:
crossing each other. Empire and wealth, and all she brings beside,
The tail of the castor is almost bald, thougn Are but the train and trappings of her love. Dryd.
the beast is very hairy ; and cancellated, with
some resemblance to the scales of fishes. Grew. z. It is distinguished from may, as power CANCELLA’TION. n. s. [from cancel.] ac
from permission ; I can do it, it is in my power ; I may do it, it is allowed me :
cording to Bartolus, is an expunging but in poetry they are confounded.
or wiping out of the contents of an in4. Can is used of the person with the very
strument, by two lines drawn in the man. ner of a cross.
Ayliffe. active, where may is used of the thing, with the verb passive ; as, I can do it, CA'NCER. n. s. [cancer, Lat.] may or can be done.
I A crabfish. CANAILLE. 1. [French.) The 2. The sign of the summer solstice. lowest people ; the dregs; the lees ;
When now no more th'alternate Twins are fir'd,
And Cancer reddens with the solar blaze, the offscouring of the people: a French
Short is the doubtful empire of the night. Thoms. term of reproach,
- 3• A virulent swelling, or sore, not to be CANA'L. 1. s. [canalis, Lat.)
cured. 1. A basin of water in a garden.
Any of these three may degenerate into a The walks and long canals reply. Pope. schirrus, and that schirrus into a cancer. Wiseman. 2. Any tract or course of water made by As when a cancer on the body feeds, art, as the canals in Holland.
And gradual death from limb to limb proceeds; 3. [In anatomy.) A conduit or passage
So does the chilness to each vital part through which any of the juices of the
Spread by degrecs, and creeps into the heart.
Audison, body flow.
To CA'NCERATE. v. n. [from cancer ] CA'N AL-COAL. n. s. A fine kind of coal, dug up in England.
To grow' cancerous; to become a cancer. Even our canal-coal nearly equals the foreign
But striking his fist upon the point of a nail in
the wall, his hand canc ruted, he fell into a fever, jet.
L'Estrange. CANALI'CULATED. adj. (from canalicula
CANCERATION, n. s. [from cancera:e.] tus. Lat.] Channelled ; made like a
A growing cancerous. pipe or gutter.
CARCEROUS. adj. [from cancer ] Having CANA'r y. n. s. [from the Canary islands.]
the virulence and qualities of a cancer. 1. Wine brought from the Canaries, now
How they are to be treated when they are called sack.
strumous, schirrus, or canceroits, you may see I will to my honest knight Falstaff, and drink
in thcir proper places.
Wiseman. canary with him. I think I shall drink in pipe CA'NCEROUSNESS. n. s. (from cancerous.] wine first with him; I 'll make him dance.
The state of being cancerous.
Svakspeare. 2. An old dance.
CAN'CRINE. adj. [from cancer.] Having To Cana'r Y. v. a. A cant word, which the qualities of a crab. seems to signify to dance; to frolick.
CA'NDENT, adj. [candens, Lat.] Hot; in Master, will you win your love with a French
the highest degree of heat, next to fubrawl? -How mean'st thou, brawling in
sion. French? No, my compleat master; but to
If a wire be heated only at one end, according jigg off a tune at the tongue's end, canary to it
as that end is cooled upward or downward, it with your feet, humour it with turning up your respectively acquires a verticity, as we have de. eyelids.
Sbakspeare. clared in wires totally candent. Brown, CANA'RY BIRD. An excellent singing CA'NDICANT. adj. [candicans, Latin,]
bird, formerly bred in the Canaries, Growing white ; whitish. Diet.
CANDID. adj. [candidus, Lat.]
For I am proverb'd with a grandsire phrase, 1. White. This sense is very rare.
To be a candleholder, and look on. Sbakspeare. The box receives all black; but pour'd from
CA'NDLELIGHT. n. s. [from candle and thence,
light.) The stones camecandidforth the hue of innocence. 1. The light of a 'candle.
Dryden. In darkness candlelight may serve to guide 2. Free from malice ; not desirous to find men's steps, which to use in the day, were madfaults ; fair; open; ingenuous.
Hooker. The import of the discourse will, for the most Before the day was done, her work she sped, part, if there be no designed fallacy, sufficiently
And never went by candlelight to bed. Dryden. lead candid and intelligent readers into the true
The boding owl meaning of it.
Steals from her private cell by night, A cundid judge will read each piece of wit
And flies about the candlelight. Swift With the same spirit that its author writ. Pope.
Such as are adapted to meals, will indifferently
serve for dinners or suppers, only distinguishing CA'NDIDATE, 1. s. [candidatus, Lat.] between daylight and candlelight. Swift 1. A competitor; one that solicits, or pro 2. The necessary candles for use.
poses himself for, something of advance I shall find him coals and candlelight. ment.
Molineux to Locła. So
many candidates there stand for wit, CA'NDLEMAS, 1. s. [from candle and A place at court is scarce so hard to get.
mass.] The feast of the Purification of
Anonymous One would be surprised to see so many cardia
the Blessed Virgin, which was formerly eies for glory.
celebrated with many lights in churches. 2. It has generally for before the thing
The harvest dinners are held by every wealthy
man, or, as we term it, by every good 'liver, besought.
tween Michaelmas and Candlemas.
Carew's Survey of Cornwall.
Pope. Europe, that inferreth the coldness of the suc3. Sometimes of
ceeding winter, upon shining of the sun upon Thy first fruits of poesy were giv'n
Brown's Vulgar Erreurs. To make thyseif a welcome inmate there,
Come Candlemas nine years ago she died, While yet a young probationer,
And now lies bury'd by the yew-tree side. Gay: And candidate of heav'n.
Dryden. CA'NDJESTICK. n.'s. [from candle and CANDIDLY. adv. [from candid.] Fairly ; stick.] The instrument that holdscandles.
without trick; without nalice ; inge The horsemen sit like fixed candlesticks, nuously.
With torch-staves in their hands; and their poor We have often desired they would deal candidly
jades with us; for if the matter stuck only there, we
Lob down their heads.
Sbakspeare, would propose that every man should swear, that
These countries were once christian, and he is a member of the church of Ireland. Swifi.
members of the church, and where the golden
candlesticks did siand. CANDIDNESS. 17. s. [from candid.] ingenuity.; openness of temper; purity
I know a friend, who has converted the essays of mind.
of a man of quality into a kind of fringe for his
candlesticks. It presently sees the guilt of a sinful action; CA'NDLESTUFF. 1. s. [from candle and ard, on the other side, observes the candidness of a man's very principles, and the sincerity of
stuf:] Any thing of which candles may his intentions.
be made; kitchenstuff; grease ; tallow. To CA'NDIFY. v.a. [cantifico, Lat.] To
By the help of oil, and wax, and other cand's make white; to wbiten.
stuif the fame may continue, and the wick not Dict.
burn. CA'NDLE. 1. s. [candela, Lat.] 1. A light made of wax or tallow, sur
CANDLEWA'STER. N. s. [from candle and rounding a wick of fax or, cotton.
waste.] One that consumes candles; 2 Here burns my candle out; ay, here it dies,
spendthrift. Which, while it lasted, gave king Henry light.
Patch grief with proverbs, make misfortune
CA'NDOCK, n. s. A weed that grows in
Let the pond lie dry six or twelve months, to exclude the light, with the brightness whereot
both to kill the water weeds, as water-lilies, canit would otherwise be dazzled.
docks, reate, and bulrushes; and also, that as Ray.
these die for want of water, so grass may grow 2. Light, or luminary.
on the pond's bottom. By these bicss'd candles of the night, Had you been there, I think you would have
CA'Ndour. n. s. [candor, Lat.) Sweetbegg'd
ness of temper; purity of mind ; open. The ring of me, to give the worthy doctor. Shak.
ness ; ingenuity; kindness. CA'NDLEBERRY TREE. A species of
He should have so much of a natural candour sweet willow.
and sweetness, mixed with all the improvement CANDLE HO'LDER. n. s. [from candle and
of learning, as might convey knowledge with a
sort of gentle insinuation. bold.]
To Ca'n Dy. v. a. (probably from cardare, 1. He that holds the candle.
a word used in latter times for towbiten.) 2. He that remotely assists.
1. To conserve with sugar, in such a
manner as that the sugar lies in fiakes,
in their way.
Should the poor be flatter'd?
A kind of women are made up of carine pare No, let the candy'd tongue lick absurd pomp, ticles: these are scolds, who insitate the aniAnd crook the pregnant hinges of the knee, mals out of which they were taken, always busy Where thrift may follow fawning. Sbakspeare. and barking, and snari at every one that comes They have in Turky confections like to can
Addison died conserves, made of sugar and lemons, or su 2. Canine hunger, in medicine, is an apgar and citrons, or sugar and violets, and some
petite which cannot be satisfied. other flowers, and mixture of amber. Bacon,
It may occasion an exorbitant appetite of With candy'd plantanes, and the juicy pine,
usual things, which they will take in such qurgOn choicest melons and sweet grapes they dino.
tities, till they vomit them up like dogs, from Waller. whence it is called canine.
Arbatos 2. To form into congelations.
CA'NISTER. n. s. (canistrum, Lat.]
1. A small basket.
White lilies in full canisters they bring, To cure thy o'er-night's surfeit? Sbakspeare.
With all the glories of the purple spring. Dry 3. To incrust with congelations. Since when those frosts that winter brings,
2. A small vessel in which any thing, such Which candy every green,.
as tea or coffee, is laid up. Renew us like the teeming springs,
CA'NKER. n. s. [cancer, Lat. It seems And we thus fresh are seen.
Draytox. to have the same meaning and original TO CA'NDY. v. n. To grow congealed. with cancer, but to be accidentally writCA'NDY Lion's foot. (catanance, Lat.] A ten with a k, when it denotes bad quae plant.
Miller. lities in a less degree; or canker might CANE. n. s. [canna, Lat.]
come from chancre, Fr, and cancer from 1. A kind of strong reed, of which walk. the Latin.] ingstaffs are made ; a walkingstaff, 1. A worm that preys upon and destroys
Shall I, to please another wine sprung mind, fruits.
Thecunker worm of every gentle breast. Sberat. Short of his cane and body : must I find
That which the locust hath left, liath the core A pain in that wherein he finds a pleasure?
ker worm eaten.
Yet writers say, as in the sweetest bud The king thrust the captain from him with
The eating tanker dwells, so eating love his cane; whereupon he took his leave, and
Inhabits in the finest wits of all.
Sbalspeare went home.
A huffing, shining, flatt’ring, cringing, cowardly If the poker be out of the way, or broken,
A canker worm of peace, was rais'd above him. stir the fire with your master's cane. Swift.
Oineze 2. The plant which yields the sugar.
2. A fly that preys upon finits. This cane or reed grow's plentifully both in the
There be of fries, caterpillars, canker flies, and East and West Indies. Other reeds have their
Walton's Angler. skin hard and dry, and their pulp void of juice ; but the skin of the sugar cane is soft. It usually 3. Anything that corrupts or consumes.
It is the canker and ruin of many men's estates, grows four or five feet high, and about half an inch in diameter. The stem or stalk is divided
which, in process of time, breeds a publick poverty:
Bacon by knots a foot and a half apart. At the top it puts forth long green tufted leaves, from the Sacrilege may prove an eating carker, and a middle of which arise the flower and the seed.
consuming moth, in the estate that we leave them,
Atterbury. They usually plant them in pieces cut a foot and
No longer live the cankers of my couri; a half below the top of the tower; and they are
All to your several states with speed resort : ordinarily ripe in ten months, at which time
Waste in wild riot what your land allows, they are found quite full of a white succulent
There ply the eariy feast, and late carouse. marrow, whence is expressed the liquor of which
Pode. sugar is made.
A kind of wild worthless rose; the And the sweet liouor on the cane bestow, From which prepar'u the luscious sugar. How. dogrose.
down Richard, that sweet lovely rose, 3. A lance; a dart made of cane : whence
And plant this thorn, this canker, Bolingbroke.
Shukspeare. the Spanish inego de carnas.
Draw a cherry with the leaf, the shaft of a Abenamar, thy youth these sports has known,
steeple, a single or canker rose. Peacban. Of which thy age is now spectator grown;
5. An eating or corroding humour. Judge-like thou sitt'st, to praise or to arraign
I am no: glad, that such a sore of time The flying skirmish of the darted cane. Diyden.
Should seek a plaister by a contenu'd revolt, 4. A reed.
And heal th'inveterate canker of one wound Food may be afforded to bees, by small canes
By making many:
Sbakspeare. or troughs conveyed mootheir hives. Mortimer,
6. Corrosion ; virulence. TO CANE, v. a. [from the noun..] To
As with age his body uglier grows, beat with a walkingstaff.
So his mind with canéers.
Sbakspeare. CANICULAR. adj. [canicularis, Lat.) 7. A disease in trees.
Dict. Belonging to the docstar.
TO ÇANKER. Wn. [from the noun.] In regard to different latitudes, unto some the 1. Tu grow corrupt; implying something canicular days are in the winter, as unto such as
venemous and malignani. are under the equinoctial line; for unto them
That cunning architect of canker'd guile, the dog-star ariscth when the sun is about the
Whom princes late displeasure left in bands, tropick of Cancer, which season unto them is
For falsed letters, and suborned wile. Fuiry Q. winter.
Brown's Vulgur Errours. I will lift the down-trod Mortimer CANI'NE. adj. [canines, Lat.]
As hig, i'th' air as this unthank ul king, I. Having the properties of a dog.
As this ingrate and canker'd Bolingbroki. Slak.