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Ing of this law; for to do any thing for nothing, BY-WAY.n. s. A private and obscure way. was not his maxim.
Dryden. Night stealths are commonly driven in byBy-ROAD. N. s. An obscure unfrequented ways, and by blind fords, unused of any but · path.
Spenser on Irelando Through slipp'ry byroads, dark and deep, Other by-ways he himself betook, They often climb, and often creep. Swift. Where never foot of living wight did tread. BY-ROOM. 1. s. A private room within
Wholly abstain, or wed: thy bounteous Lord
Allows thee choice of paths; take no b-ways, I pr’ythee, do thou stand in some by-room, while I questi
But gladly welcome what he doth afford; my puny drawer to what end he
Shakspeare. gave the sugar.
Not grudging that thy lust hath bounds and stays.
Herbert. BY-SPEECH. n. s. An incidental or casual
A servant, or a favourite, if he be in want, and speech, not directly re'ating to the point. no other apparent cause of esteem, is commonly
When they come to allege what word and thought but a by-way to close corruption. Bacona what law they meant, their common ordinary This is wonderfully diverting to the underpractice is to quote by-speeches, in some historical standing, thus to receive a precept, as it were, narration or other, and to use them as if they through a by-ray, and to apprehend an idea
were written in most exact form of law, Hooker. that draws a whole train after it. Addison. BY-STANDER. n. s. A looker on; one un BY-WEST.adv. Westward; to the west of. concerned.
Whereupou grew that by-word, used by the She broke her feathers, and, falling to the Irish, that they dwelt by-west the law, which ground, was taken up by the by-standers. L'Estr. dwelt beyond the river of the Barrow, Davies.
The by-standers asked him, why he ran away, By-WOR D. 1. s. A saying ; a proverb. his bread being weight?
· Bashful Henry be depos'd; whose cowardice BY.STREET. n. s. An obscure street. Hath made us by-words to our enemies. The broker here his spacious beaver wears,
Shakspeare. Upon his brow sit jealousies and cares ;
I knew a wise man, that had it for a by-word, Bent on some mortgage, to avoid reproach when he saw men hasten to a conclusion, Stay a He seeks by-streets, and saves the expensive little, that we may make an end the sooner. Bacon. coach,
Gay. We are become a by-word among the natious, By-View.n. s. Private self-interested pur for our ridiculous feuds and animosities. Addison. pose.
It will be his lot often to look singular, in loose No by-vierus of his own shall mislead him.. and licentious times, and to become a by-word
Atterbury. and a reproach among the men of wit and plea-WALK. n. 5. A private walk; not the
Atterbury. main road.
BY'ass. n. S. See BIAS. He moves afterwards in by-walks, or under Every inordinate lust is a false byass upon plots, as diversions to the main design, lest it men's understandings, which naturally draws toshould grow tedious; though they are still na wards atheism.
Tillotson. turally joined.
Dryden. Bye, or BEE, come immediately from the The chief avenue ought to be the most ample
Saxon by, bying, a dwelling. Gibson. and noble; but there should be by-walés, to retire into sometimes, for ease and refreshment.
BY'ZANTINE. See BIZANTINE. ByzanBroume, tine is the true orthography.
has two sounds; one like k, as as few from many, call, clock, craft, coal, companion, cunei
She often interposed her royal authority, to
break the cabals which were forming against her form; the other as s, as Cesar, cessation,
Addisont. cinder. It sounds like k before a, o, u, or a consonant; and like s before e, i, 3. Intrigue; something less than con
When each, by curs'd cabals of women, strove CAB. 1. s. Cap] A Hebrew measure, con To draw th’indulgent king to partial love. Dryd.
taing about three pints English, or the TO CABA'l. v. 1. (cabaler, Fr.] To eighteenth part of the ephah,
form close intrigues; to intrigue ; to CABAʼL. n. s. [cabalé, Fr. abap, tradi unite in small parties. tion.)
His mournful friends, summond to take their
leaves, 1. The secret science of the Hebrew rab.
Are throng'd about his couch, and sit in council: bins.
What those caballing captains may design, 2. A body of men united in some close I must prevent, by being first in action Dryden,
CA'BALIST. n. s. [from cabal.] One skill. The chess-board, we say, is in the same plars
ed in the traditions of the Hebrews. it was, if it remain in the same part of the cake, Then Jove thus spake: With care and pain
though the ship sails all the while. Wa forin'd this name, renown'd in rhime,
3. A cottage, or small house. Not thine, immortal Neuigermain!
Come from marble bow'rs, many times the Cost studious cabalists more time. Stift.
gay harbour of anguish, CBALLI'S UCAL. ailj. (from cubal.]
Unto a silly cabin, though weak, yet stronger CABALLISTICK. ) Something that has
Neither should that odious custom be allowed an occult meaning.
of flaying off the green surface of the ground, :3 The letters are caballistical, and carry more
cover their cabins, and make up their ditches. in then than it is proper for the world to be ac
Sexij. quainted with.
4. A tent, or temporary habitation.
Some of green boughs' their slender cabin
Some lodged were Tortosa's streets about. Fair.
To CABIN. v. n. (from the noun.] To engages with others in close designs;
live in a cabin. an intriguer.
I'll make you feed on berries and on rocks,
And feed on curds and whey, and suck the goste
Fleance is 'scap'd; I had else heen perfect, longing to a horse ; as, caballine aloes, As broad and general as the casing air; or horse aloes.
But now I'm cabin'd, cribb’d, contin'd, bound is, CABARET. n. s. (French.) A tavern.
To saucy doubts and fear. Sbakspeare Suppose this servant, passing by some cabaret Ca'BINED. adj. [froin cabin.] Belonging ortennis-court where his comrades were drinking to a cabin. or playing, should stay with them, and drink or The nice morn, on the Indian steep,
play away his money. Bramb. against Hobbes. From her cabin'd loophole peep. CABBAGE. n. s. [cabus, Fr. brassica, CABINET. 1. s. (cabinet, Fr.] Lat.]. A plant
1. A closet ; a small room. The leaves are large, fleshy, and of a glaucous At both corners of the farther side, let there colour ; the powers consist of four leaves, which be two delicate or rich cabinets, daintily faved, are succeeded by long taper pods, containing se richly hanged, glazed with crystalline glass
, and veral round acrid seeds. The species are, cab a rich cupola in the midst, and all other elegancy bage. Savoy cabbage. Broccoli. The caulifower. that may be thought on.
Batas. The musk cabbage. Branching tree cabbage, 2. A hut or small house. from the sea-coast. Colewort. Perennial Alpine Hearken awhile in thy green cabinet, selecvort. Perfoliated wild wubbage, &c. Miller. The laurel song of careful Colinet. Sponsor
Cole cabbage, and coleworts, are soft and demulcent, without any acidity ; the jelly or juice 3. A private room in which consultations of red cabbage, baked in an oven, and mixed with
are held. honey, is an excellent pectoral. Arvutbrot. You began in the cabinet what you afterwards
Dnder TO CABBAGE. vin. To form a head;
practised in the camp. as, the plants begin to cabbage.
4. A set of boxes or drawers for curioTO CA'B BAGE. v. a. [a cant word among
sities; a private box.
Who sees a soul in such a body set, tailors.] To steal in cutting clothes. Might love the treasure for the cabinet, B. Yes, Your taylor, instead of shreds,
cabbages whole In vain the workman shew'd his wit, yards of cloth.
Wirh rings and hinges counterfeit, CABBAGE-TREE, n. s. A species of palm To make it seem, in this disguise, tree.
A cabinet to vulgar eyes. It is very common in the Caribbee islands, 5. Any place in which things of value are where it grows to a prodigious height. The leaves hidden. of this tree envelope each other, so that those Thy breast hath ever been the cabinet, which are inclosed, being deprived of the air, are Where I have lock'd my secrets. Blanched; which is the part the inhabitants cut
We cannot discourse of the secret, but by de for plaits for hats, and the young shoots are
scribing our duty; but so much duty must needs
CABINET-COUNCIL. 2. S.
1. A council held in a private manner
, CA'BBAGE-WORM. 7. s. An insect.
with unusual privacy and confidence CABIN. n. s. [cabane, Fr. chabin, Welsh,
The doctrine of Italy, and practice of France,
in some kings times, hath introduced cabire a cottage.]
councils. I. A small room.
2. A select number of privy counsellors So long in secret cabin there he held Her captive to his sensual desire;
supposed to be particularly trusted. Till that with timely fruit her belly swell'd,
From the highest ta the lowest it is universally And bore a boy unto a savage sire. Spenser.
read; from the cabinet-council to the nursery: 2. A small chamber in a ship.
Give thanks you have lived so long, and make CA'BINET-MAKER. x. s. [from cabinet yourself ready, in your cabin, for the mischance and make.] One that makes small nice of the hour, if it so happen. Şbakspeare: drawers or boxes.
Men may not expect the use of many cabins, The root of an old white thorn will make vert. and safuty at once, in the sca-service. Raleigh. fine boxes and combs; so that they would be of
Gay to Swis.
great use for the cabinet-makers, as well as the It will prove very advantageous, if only cacom turners, and others.
Mortimer. chymick, to clarify his blood with a laxative. CA'BLE. n. s. (cabl, Welsh ; cabel, Dutch.]
Harvey or Consumptions. The great rope of a ship, to which the If the body be cacochymica!, the tumours are anchor is fastened.
apt to degenerate into yery venomous and malignant abscesses.
Wiseman, What though the mast be now blown over
The ancient writersdistinguished putrid fevers, board, The cable broke, the holding anchor lost,
by putrefaction of blood, choler, melancholy, and
phlegm; and this is to be explained by an effer- . And half our sailors swallow'd in the flood; Yet lives our pilot still.
vescence happening in a particular cu cochymicul Sbakspeare. blood.
Floyer on the Humours. The length of the cable is the life of the ship CACOCHY'MY. n. so [mounir.]
A in all extremities; and the reason is, because it makes so many bendings and waves, as the ship,
depravation of the humours froin a sound riding at that length, is not able to stretch it; and state, to what the physicians call by a nothing breaks that is not stretched. Raleigh. general name of a cacochymy. Spots, and The cables crack; the sailors fearful cries
discolorations of the skin, are sigos Ascend; and sable night involves the skies.
of weak fibres; for the lateral vessels,
which lie out of the road of circulation, Dict.
let gress humours pass, which could Ca'caqSee CHOCOLATE.
not, if the vessels had their due degree CACHE'CTICAL. adj. [from cachexy ]
of stricture. Arbuthnot on Aliments. CACHE'CTICK. Having an ill habit Strong beer, a liquor that attributes the half of
its ill qualities to the hops, consisting of an acriof body ; showing an ill habit.
monious fiery nature, sets the blood, upon the Young and florid blood, rather than vapid and least cacochymy, into an orgasmus.
Arbuthnot on dir.
CACOPHONY. 11. s. (xoxoturic..] A bad The crude chyle swims in the blood, and ap sound of words. pears as milk in the blood of some persons who
These things shall lie by, till you come to are cacbectick.
Floyer. CACHEXY. n. s. [max etia.] A general
carp at them, and alter rhimes, grammar, trip
lets, and cacophonies of all kinds. Pope to Swift. word to express a great variety of symp TO CACU'MINATE. v. a. (cacumino, Lat.) toms : most commonly it denotes such To make sharp or pyramidal. Dict. a distemperature of the humours, as CADA'VEROUS, adj. [cadaver, Lat.] Hav. hinders nutrition, and weakens the
ing the appearance of a dead carcass; vital and animal functions; proceeding
having the qualities of a dead carcass. from weakness of the fibres, and an in vain do they scruple to approach the dead, abuse of the non-naturals, and often who livingly. are cadaverous, for fear of any outfrom severe acute distempers. Arbutimot. ward pollution, whose temper polli:tes themCACHINNA’TION. N. s. [cachinnatio, Lat.]
Brown's Vulgar Errours. A loud laughter.
The urine, long detained in the bladder, as
well as glass, will grow red, foetid, cadaveruus, A fish, said to make
and alkaline. The case is the same with the those who eat it laxative.
stagnant waters of hydropical persons. Arbuti. To CAÄCKLE. v. n. [kaeckelen, Dutch.] CA'DDiS. n. s. [This word is used in Erse 1. To make a noise as a goose.
for the variegated clothes of the High-
I. A kind of tape or riband.
He hath ribbons of all the colours of the rainOr rob the Roman geese of all their glories, bow; inkles, caddises, cambricks, lauus; why; And save the state, by cackling to the tories. Popr. he sings them over as if they were gods and 2. Sometimes it is used for the noise of goddesses.
Sbakspeare. a hen.
2. A kind of worm or grub found in a case
He loves the mavfly, which is bred of the
codworm, or caddis, and these make the trout
Hello:1's Argler. 3. To laugh ; to giggle.
CADE, adj. [It is deduced, by Skirtier, .Nic grinned, cackled, and laughed, till he was like to kill himself, and fell a frisking and dancing
from cadéler, Fr. an old word, which
Arbuthnot. signifies to brecd up tenderly.] Tame; 4. To talk idly; to prattle.
soft ; delicate; as, a cade lamb, a lamb Ca'ckLE. n. s. (from the verb.].
bred at home. 1. The voice of a goose or fowl.
TO CADE. V. e. [from the adj.] To breed The silver goose before the shining gate
up in softness.
CADF, 1. s. scadus, Lat.) A barrel.
We John Cade, so ermed of our supposed 2. Idle talk; prattle.
father..Or rather of stealing a trade of herCA'CKLER. n. s. [from cackle.]
Shaksparc. 1. A fowl that cackles.
Soon as thy liquor from the narroti ceils 2. A telltale; 2 tatler.
Of close press'd husks is freed, thou must refrain Thy thirsty soul; let none persuade to broach
Thy thick, um sholesome, undigested celes: my:] Having the
CADE-WORM. 2. 5. The same with cadilis. VOL. I.
CA'CKEREL. n. s.
about the room.
CAGE. n. s. [cage, Fr. from cavea, Lat.) CADENCI: } r. s. (cadence, Fr.]
1. An enclosure of twigs or wire, in which 1. Fall; state of sinking ; declinc.
birds are kept. Now was the sun in western cadence low
See whether a cage can please a bird? or From noon; and gentle airs, due at their hours, whether a dog grow not fiercer with cying? To fan the earth, now wak'd. Milton.
Sidery. 2. The fall of the voice; sometimes the
He taught me how to know a man in love; in general modulation of the voice.
which cage of rushes, I am sure, you are not a The sliding, in the close or cadence, hath an
Shaispeatr. agreement with the figure in rhetorick, which Though slaves, like birds that sing not in they call præter expectatum; for there is a pica
cage; sure even in being deceived.
They lost their genius, and poetick rage; There be words not made with lungs,
Homers again and Pindars may be found, Sententious show'rs! O let them fall!
And his greatactions with their numbers crown d. Their cadence is rhetorical. Crasbaw.
And parrots, imitating human tongue, 3. The flow of verses, or periods. The words, the versification, and all the other
And singing birds in silver cages hung ;
And ev'ry fragrant flow'r, and od'rous green, elegancies of sound, as cadentes, and turns of Words upon the thought, perform exactly the
Were sorted well, with lumps of amber laid between.
Dryder. same office both in dramatic and epic poetry.
A man recurs to our fancy, by remembering
his garment; a beast, bird, or fish, by the ceza, The cadency of one line must be a rule to that
or court-yard, or cistern, wherein it was kept. of the next; as the sound of the former must
Watts on the An.. slide gently into that which follows. Dryden.
The reason why so few marriages are happy, 4. The tone or sound.
is, because young ladies spend their time in Hollow rocks retain
making nets, not in making cages. Swifi. The sound of blust'ring winds, which all night 2. A place for wild beasts, enclosed with
long Had rous'd the sea, now with hoarse cadence lull
pallisadoes. Sea-faring men, o'erwatch'd. Milton. 3. A prison for petty malefactors.
He hath a confused remembrance of words To CAGE, v. a. [from the noun.) TO since he left the university; he hath lost half
enclose in a cage. their meaning, and puts them together with no He, swoln and pamper'd with high fare,
regard, except to their cadence. Sevift. Sits down, and snorts, cag'd in his basket-chair. 5. [In horsemanship.] An equal measure
Denet. or proportion which a horse observes in CAIMAN. n. s. The American name of all his motions, when he is thoroughly a crocodile. managed.
Farrier's Dict. TO CAJOʻLE. v. a. (rageoller, Fr.) To CADENT. adj. [cadens, Lat.] Falling flatter; to sooth; to coax: a low word. down.
Thought he, 't is no mean part of civil CADE'T.n.s. (cadet, Fr. pronounced cadè.]
State prudence, to cajole the devil. Hudibras,
The one affronts him, while the other cajoles 1. The younger brother.
and pities him: takes up his quarrel, shakes his 2. The youngest brother.
head at it, claps his hand upon his breast, and Joseph was the youngest of the twelve, and
then protests and protests. L'Estranga. David the eleventh son, and the cadet of Jesse.
My tongue that wanted to cajole
I try'd, but not a word would troll. Ryerr. 3. A voluntier in the army, who serves in CAJO'LER, n. s. [from cajole.] A flatexpectation of a commission.
terer; a wheedler. CA'DEW. 7. s. A straw worm. See CAD. CAJO'LERY. n. s. [cajolerie, Fr.] Flattery,
Dict. CAISSON. n. s. (French.] CA'DGER. n. s. [from cadge, or cage, a 1. A chest of bombs or powder, laid in panier.] A huckster; one who brings
the enemy's way, to be fired at their butter, eggs, and poultry, from the approach. country to market.
2. A wooden case in which the piers of CADI. n. S. A magistrate among the bridges are built within the water.
Turks, whose office seems nearly to CAI'TIFF. n. s. [cattivo, Ital. a slave;
answer to that of a justice of peace. whence it came to signify a bad man, CADI'LLACK. n. s. A sort of pear.
with some implication of meanness; as CÆCIAS. .. so (Lat.] A wind from the
knave in English, and fur in Latin ; se northeast.
certainly does slavery destroy virtue. Now, from the north,
'Ήμισυ της αρετής αποάινυλαι δύλoιον και μας Boreas and Cæcias, and Argestes loud,
Host. And Thracias, rend the woods, and seas upturn.
A slave and a scoundrel are signified by CÆSA'REAN. See CESARIAN.
the same words in many languages.) A CÆSU'RA. n. s. [Lat.] A figure in mean villain ; a despicable knave: it
poetry, by which a short syllable after often implies a mixture of wickedness a complete foot is made long.
and misery CAFT AN. n. s. [Persick.] A Persian or
Vile caitiff! vassal of dread and despair,
Unworthy of the common breathed air! Turkish vest or garment.
Why livest thou, dead dog, a longer day, CAG, 1. s. A barrel, or wooden vessel, And dost not unto death thyself prepare? Skets, containing four or five gallons. Some.
"T is not impossible times keg.
But one, the wicked'st caitif on the ground,
May seem as shy, as grave, as just, as absolute, extremely wretched and deplorable, if compared
2. Full of misery ; distressful : applied to As he believ'd, began to moan,
external circumstances. And tell his story to himself. Hudibras.
What calamitous effects the air of this city CAKE. n. s. [cuch, Teutonick.]
wrought upon us the last year, you may read in 1. A kind of delicate bread.
my discourse of the plague.
Harvey. You must be seeing christenings! do you look
My cake is dough, but I 'll in among the rest, Lest on my head both sin and punishment,
Much rather I shall chuse Their leaven'd cakes, and fillets for my hair. To live the poorest in my tribe, than richest,
Dryden. And be in that calamitous prison left. Milton. 2. Any thing of a form rather flat than In this sad and calamitous condition, deliverhigh ; by which it is sometimes distin ance from an oppressour would have even re.
Soutb. guished from a loaf. There is a cake that groweth upon the side of a
CALAʼMITOUSNESS. n. s. [from calami. dead tree, that hath gotten no name, but it is
tous.] Misery; distress. large, and of a chestnut colour, and hard and CALAMITY. n. s. (calamitas, Lat. ] pithy.
Bacon's Natural History. 1. Misfortune; cause of misery ; distress, 3. Concreted matter ; coagulated matter. Another ill accident is drought, and the spin
Then whenthe fleecy skies new cloath the wood, dling of the corn, which with us is rare, but in And cakes of rustling ice come rolling down the hotter countries common; insomuch as the word flood.
Dryden. calamity was first derived from calamus, when TO CAKE, V. n. (from the noun.] To the corn could not get out of the stalk. 'Bacon. harden, as dough in the oven.
2. Misery ; distress. This burning matter, as it sunk very leisurely,
This infinite calamity shall cause had time to cake together, and form the bottom,
To human life, and houshold peace confound. which covers the mouth of that dreadful vault
Milton. that lies underneath it. Addison on Italy.
From adverse shores in safety let her hear This is that very Mab,
Foreign calamity, and distant war ; That plats the manes of horses in the night, Of which, great heav'n, let her no portion bear. And cakes the elflocks in foul sluttish hairs.
Prior. Shakspeare. CA'LAMUS. n. s. (Lat.) A sort of reed He rins'd the wound,
or sweet-scented wood, mentioned in And wash'd away the strings and clotted blood
scripture with the other ingredients of That cak'd within.
the sacred perfumes. It is a knotty CALABA'SH Tree.
root, reddish without, and white within, It hath a flower consisting of one leaf, divided at the brim into several parts; from whose cup
which puts forth long and narrow rises the pointal, in the hinder part of the flower; leaves, and brought from the Indies. which afterwards becomes a fleshy fruit, having The prophets speak of it as a foreign an hard shell. They rise to the height of twenty commodity of great value. These sweet, five or thirty feet in the West Indies, where reeds have no smell when they are green, they grow naturally. The shells are used by the
but when they are dry only. Their negroes for cups, as also for making instruments of music, by making a hole in the shell, and put
form differs not from other reeds, and ting in small stones, with which they make a their smell is perceived upon entering sort of rattle, Miler. the marshes.
Calmet. CALAMA'NCO. n. s. [a word derived, Take tliou also unto thee principal spices of probably by some accident, from cala pure myrrh, of sweet cinnamon, and of sweet
Exodus. mancus, Lat, which, in the middle ages, signified a hat.) A kind of woollen stuff. CALA'SH, n. s. [caleche, Fr.] A small He was of a bulk and stature larger than ordi
carriage of pleasure. nary; had a red coat, flung open, to shew a cala Daniel, a sprightly swain, that us'd to flash manco waistcoat. Tatler, The viz'rous steeds, that drew his lord's cala:h.
King CA'LAMINE, or Lapis Calaminaris. n. s. The ancients used calashes, the figures of ge
A kind of fossil bituminous earth, which, veral of them being to be seen on ancient monubeing mixed with copper, changes it ments. They are very simple, light, and drove into brass.
by the traveller himself.
Arbuthnot. We must not omit those, which, though not
CA’LCEATED. adj. [calceatus, Lat.) Shod; of so much beauty, yet are of greater use, viz.
- fitted with shoes. loadstones, whetstones of all kinds, limestones, CALCEDONIUS. n. s. (Lat.] A kind of calamine, or lapis calaminaris.
precious stone. CA'L A MINT. n. s. [calamintha, Lat.] A Calcedonirs is of the agate kind, and of a misty plant.
grey, clouded with blue, or with purple. CAL A'MITOUS. adj. (calamitosus, Lat.]
Wauward on Fossils, 1. Miserable ; involved in distress; op- To CA'LCIXATE. See To CALCINE.
pressed with infelicity ; unhappy; In hardening, by baking without melting, the wretched : applied to men.
heat hath these segrees; first, it indurateth, then This is a gracious provision God Almighty
maketh fragile, ard lastly it doth calcinate. Bacoa. hath made in favour of the necessitous and calza
CALCINATION. 11. s. (from calcine ; calmilous; the state of some, in this lig, being so cination, Fr.] Such a management of