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laid, and whether his grave is to be plain or Help me mine own love's praises to resound,
Ne let the fame of any be envy'd;
So Orpheus did for his own bride. Spenser
The day approach'd, when fortune should de
cide Earthen bottles, filled with hot water,
provoke in bed a sweat more daintily than brickbats
Th' important enterprize, and give the bride.
These are tributes due from pious brides,
From a chaste matron, and a virtuous wife. Smith
BRI'DE BED. n. s. [from bride and bed.)
Now until the break of day,
Through this house each fairy stray;
To the best bridebed will we,
and disposed of it into several papers. Spectator. To the first bridebed of the world receive
A cake distributed to the guests at the
With the phant'sies of hey-troll,
Troll about the bridal bowl,
Round about the bridestake.
A man whose trade it is to build with upon something at night, procured an handsome
slice of bridecake, which he placed very conve-
niently under his pillow.
As are those dulcet sounds in break of day,
into the dreaming bridegroom's ear, To Babel's bricklayers, sure the tow'r had stood. And summon him to marriage. Sbakspears.
Why, happy bridegroom!
make.] One whose trade it is to make BRI'DEMEN. 1 ». s. The attendants on
the bride and bride.
It seems to be a post set in the ground,
Round about the bridestake. Ben Jonson.
BRI'DEWELL. n. s. [The palace built
by St. Bride's or Bridget's well, was
turned into a workhouse.] A house of The amorous bird of night
He would contribute more to reformation than
all the workhouses and bridewells in Europe.
BRIDGE. n. s.
I. A building raised over water for the
convenience of passage. Fair angels sung our bridal hymn above. Dryd.
What need the bridge much broader than the
And proud Araxes, whom no bridge could
2. The upper part of the nose.
The raising gently the bridge of the nose, doth
prevent the deformity of a saddle nose. Buces,
3. The supporter of the strings in stringed Nor of them look for such observance always,
instruments of musick. As fits the bridal.
. T. BRIDGE. v.a. (from the noun.) To
raise a bridge over any place.
Came to the sea; and, over Hellespont
Bridging his way, Europe with Asia join'd.
1. The headstall and reins by which a horse
is restrained and governed.
His courser's bridle, and his feet embrac'd. Dries
2. A restraint; a curb; a check.
n. s. [bric, Saxon.]
They seiz'd at last
The king resclved to put that place, which somie
men fancied to be a bridle upon the city, into 4. The writing given the pleaders, conthe hands of such a man as he might rely upon.
taining the case. A bright genius often betrays itself into many
The brief with weighty crimes was charg'd,
On which the pleader much enlarg'd. errours, without a continual bride on the tongue.
Swift. Watts. 5. Letters patent, giving licence to a chaTO BRI'D LE. v. a. (from the noun.]
ritable collection for any publick or pri1. To resirain or guide by a bridle.
vate loss. I bridle in my struggling muse with pain, 6. (In musick.] A measure of quar ity, That longs to launch into
a bolder strain. Addis. which contains two strokes down in 2. To put a bridle on any thing.
beating time, and as many up. Harris. The queen of beauty stopp'd her bridled dores; Brie'rly. ad, (from brief] Concisely; Approv'd the little labour of the Loves. Prior.
in few words. 3. To restrain ; to govern.
I will speak in that manner which the subject The disposition of things is committed to them,
requires; that is, probably, and moderately, and whom law may at all times bridle, and superiour briefly.
Bacon. power controul.
Hocker. The modest queen awhile, with downcast eyes, With a strong, and yet a gentle hand,
Ponder'd the speech; then briefly thus replies. You bridle faction, and our hearts command.
Dryden. Waller. BRI'EFNESS. n. s. [from brief.] Concisco To BRI'DLE. v. n. To hold up the head.
ness ; shortness. BRI'DLEHAND. N. s. [from bridle and
They excel in grandity and gravity, in smootha hand.] The hand which holds the bridle
ness and propriety, in quickness and briefness. in riding
Camden. In the turning, one mighe perceive the bridle. BRI'ER. n. so [bre, Saxon.) A plant. band something gently stir; but, indeed, so The sweet and the wild sorts are both gently, as it did rather distil virtue than use violence.
species of the rose.
What subtle hole is this, The heat of summer put his blood into a ferment, which affected his bridleband with great
Whose mouth is cover'd with rude growing pain.
Then chrice under a brier doth creep, BRIEF. adj. [brevis, Lat. bref, Fr.]
Which at both ends was rooted deer, I. Short ; concise. It is now seldom used
And over it three times doth leap; but of words.
Her magick much availing. Drayton's Nymphid. A play there is, my lord, some ten words long, Briery. adj. [from brier.] Rough ; Which is as brief as I have known a play; But by ten words, my lord, it is too long,
thorny; full of briars. Which makes it tedious.
BRIG, and possibly also BRIX, is derived
Sbakspeare. called a brigg, and not a bridge.
Gibson's Camden. More pleasant, pretty, and effectual. Shaksp.
BRIGADE. 1. so (brigodi, Fr. It is now They nothing doubt prevailing, and to make generally pronounced with the accent it brief wars.
Shakspeare's Coriolanus. on the last syllable.] A division of The brief style is that which expresseth much forces; a body of meo, consisting of in little.
Ben Jonson: If I had quoted more words, I had quoted
several squadrons of horse, or battalions more profaneness; and therefore Mr. Congreve
of foot. has reason to thank me for being brief. Collier,
Or fronted brigndes form.
Here the Bavarian duke his brigades leads, 2. Contracted ; narrow. The shrine of Venus, or straight pight Minerva,
Gallant in arms, and gaudy to behold. Philips. Postures beyond brief nature. Shukspeare. BRIGADE Major. An officer appointed BRIEF. n. s. (brief, Dutch, a letter.] by the brigadier to assist him in the ma1. A writing of any kind.
nagement and ordering of his brigade ; There is a brief, how many sports are ripe : and he there acts as a major does in an Make choice of which your highness will see
BRIGÁDI'ER General. An officer who The apostolical letters are of a twofold kind and difference; viz. some are called briefs, be
commands a brigade of horse or foot in cause they are comprised in a short and com an army; next in order below a major pendious way of writing.
Aylife. general. 2. A short extract, or epitome.
BRIGAND. 9. s. sbrigand, Fr.] A robe But how you must begin this enterprize, ber; one that belongs to a band of rob. I will your highness thus in brief advise. F. Queen. bers.
I doubt not but I shall makc it plain, as far as There might be a rout of such barbarous a sum or brief can make a caase plain. Bacon.
thievish brignards in some rocks; but it was a The brief of this transaction is, these springs degeneration from the nature of man, a political that arise here are impregnated with vitriol.
Bramhall against Hobbes.
1. s. [from brigand.] A writ whereby a man is summoned to answer to any action; or it is any precept of the king
1. A light vessel ; such as has been for. in writing, issuing out of any court, whereby he merly used by corsairs or pirates. sommands any thing to be done, Cowell. Like as a warlike brigandine, apply'd
3. In law.
To fight, lays forth her threatful pikes afore Yet tiine ennobles or degrades each line ; I he engines wnich in them sad death do nide. It brighten'd Craggs's, and inay darken thine.
Spenser. In your brigantine you sail'd to see
$. To make acute, or witty. The Adriatick wedded. Onzeaz's Venice Pres. To BRIGHTEN. 0.n. The consul obliged him to deliver up his fleet,
To grow bright; and restore the ships, reserving only to himself
to clear up: as, the sky bribiens. two brigantnis.
But let a lord once on the happy lines, 2. A coil of mail.
How the stile brighters! how the sense retines!
Popes Theaput on all thy gorreous arms, thy helmet And brigendine ot' brass, thy broad habergeon,
Brightly. adv. [from bright.] SplenVantbrass, and greves. Milton's Sumsun Agonisies, didly; with lustre. BRIGHT. adj. [beone, Saxon.]
Safely I slept, till brightly dawning shone 1. Shining; full ot light.
The morn, conspicuous on her golden throne.
Pope. Through a cloud Dratyn round about the like a radiant shrine,
BRIGHTNESS. n. s. [from bright ] Dark, with excessive bright thy skirts appear.
1. Lustre; splendour; glitter.
Millon, The blazing brightness of her beauty's beam, Then shook the sacred shrine; and sudden light And glorious light of her sun-shining face, Sprung through the roof, and made the temple To tell, were as to strive against the stream. bright. Dryden.
Fair; Quern. 2. Shining, as a body reflecting light.
A sword, by long lying still, will contract a Bright brass, and brighter domcs. Chapman.
rust, which shall detace its brightness. Thy eyes are seen in diamonds úrighi. Gay.
The moon put on her veil of light;
Mysterious veil, of brighstress made,
That's both her lustre and her shade. Hodibras. 3. Clear; transpicuous.
Vex'd with the present moment's heavy gloon, From the brightest wines
Why seek we brightness from the years to come!
Prior. He'd turn abhorrent.
2: Acuteness. While the bright Seine, t'exalt the soul, With sparkling plenty crowns the bowl. Fenton.
The brightness of his parts, the solidity of his 4. Clear; evident.
judgment, and the candour and generosity of He must not proceed too swiftly, that he may
his temper, distinguished him in an age of great with mo.e ease, with brighter evidence, and with
Prior. surer success, draw the learner on. Watts.
BRILLIANCY, n. s. [from brilliant.] Lus5. Resplendent with charms.
tre; splendour. Thy beauty appears,
BRI'LLIANT. adj. [brillant, Fr.] ShinIn its graces and airs,
ing ; sparkling ; splendid; full of lustre. All bright as an angel new dropt from the sky.
So have I seen in larder dark
Of veal a lucid loin,
Replete with many a brilliant spark, Profuse of bliss, aud pregnant with delight!
As wise philosophers remark,
At once both stink and shine. Dorset.
To-dáy black omens threat the brightest fair cut, formed into angles, so as to refract That e'ér engag'd a watchful spirit's care. Pope. the light, and shine more 'Thou more dreaded foe, bright beauty, shine. In deference to his virtues, I forbear
Young . To shew you what the rest in orders were; 6. Illuminated with science ; sparkling
This brilliant is so spotless and so bright, with wit.
He needs not foii, but shines by his own proper Gen'rous, gay, and gallant nation,
Dryden. Great in arms, and bright in art. : Anonymous. Bre'LLIANTNESS. n. s. [from brilliant.]
If parts allure thee, think how Bacon shin'd,
Splendour; lustre. 7. Illustrious; glorious.
Dict. This is the worst, if not the only stain, l'th' brightest annals of a female reign. Cotton.
BRIM. 1. s. [brim, Icelandish.] To BRIGHTEN, v, a. (from brigit.]
1. The edge of any thing. 1. To make bright; to make to shine.
His hat being in the form of a turban, dairtily The purple morning, rising with the year,
made, the locks of his hair came down about the brims of it.
Bacon. Salutes the spring, as her celestial eyes Adorn the world, and brighten up the skies.
2. The upper edge of any vessel. Dryden.
How my head in ointment swims! 2. To make luminous by light from with How my cup o'erlooks her brions! Græsban.
So when with crackling flames a cauldron fres out.
The bubbling waters from the bottom rise, An ecstasy, that mothers only feel,
Above the brians they force their tiery way, Plays round my heart, and brightens all my sor
Drydéa's Æneid. rov,
Thus in a bason drop a shilling, Like gleams of sunshine in a louring sky. Philips. Then fill the vessel to the brim, 3. To make gay, or cheerful.
You shall observe as you are filling,
The pond'rous metal seems to swim. Seif. Brightens his crest. Milton's Paradise Lost. *. To make illustrious.
3. The top of any liquor. The present
The feet of the priests, that bare the ark, queen
would brighten her character, if she would exeri her authority to instil
were dipped in the brim of the water. Jasbd. virtues into her people.
Swift. 4. The bank of a fountain.
It told me it was Cynthia's own,
The boar, my sisters! Aim the fatal dart, Within whose cheerful brims
And strike the brindled monster to the heart. That curious nymph had oft been known
Addison's Ovid. To bathe her snowy limbs.
Drayton. BRINE. n. s. To Brim. v. a. [from the noun.) To fill 1. Water impregnated with salt. to the top:
The encreasing of the weight of water will May thy brimmed waves for this,
encrease its power of bearing; as we see brine, Their full tribute never miss,
when it is sali enough, will bear an egg. Bacon. From a thousand rills.
Milton. Dissolve sheeps dung in water, and add to it This said, a double wreath Evander twin'd; as much salt as will make'a strong brire; in this And poplars black and white his temples bind : liquor steep your corn.
Mortimer. Then brims his ample bowl; with like design, 2. The sea, as it is salt. The rest invoke the gods with sprinkled wine.
All but mariners,
Dryden. Plung’d in the foaming brin“, did quit the vessel, To BRIM. v. n. To be full to the brim. Then all afire with me. Sbakspeare's Tempest. Now horrid frays
The air was calm, and on the level brine Commence, the brimming glasses now are hurld Sleek Panope, with all her sisiors, play'd. Milt. With dire intent.
As, when two adverse winds BRI'MIFUL. adj. (from brim and full.] Engage with horrid shock, the ruled brine Full to the top; overcharged
Pbilipsa Measure my case, how by thy beauty's filling 3. Tears, as they are salt. With seed of woes my heart brimful is charg'd.
What a deal of brine
Sidney, Hath wash'd thy sallow cheeks for Rosaline! We have try'd the utmost of our friends ;
Shakspeare, Our legions are brimful, our cause is ripe. Shaks. BRI'N EPIT. n. s. [from brine and pit.] Her brimful eyes, that ready stood,
Pit of salt water. And only wanted will to weep a food,
Then I lov'd thee, Releas'd their watry store.
Dryden's Fables. And shew'd thee all the qualities o' th' isle, The good old king at parting wrung my hand, The fresh springs, brinepits, barren place and His eyes brimful of tears; then sighing cry'd,
Sbukspeure. Prithec, be careful of my son. Addison's Cato. To BRING. v. a. [bringan, Sax. pret. BRI'MFULNESS, N, s. (from brimful.] Ful
I brought; part. pass. brought; broht, ness to the top.
I. To fetch from another place : distinWith ample and brimfulness of his force. Sbaks.
guished from to carry, or convey, to
another place. BR I'MMER. n. s. [from brim.) A bowl I was the chief that rais'd him to the crown, full to the top.
And I'll be chief to bring him down again. When healths go round, and kindly brimmers
And as she was going to fetch it, he called to Till the fresh garlands on their foreheads glow. her, and said, bring me, I pray thee, a morsel Dryden. oi bread in thy hand.
Kings. BRI'MMING. adj. [from brim.] Full to the A registry of lands
easy securities brim.
of money, that shall be brought over by strangers. And twice besides her beesrings never fail
Temple. To store the dairy with a brimming pail. Dryden. 2. To convey in one's own hand; not to BRI'MSTONE. 11. s. [corrupted from brin send by another.
or brenstone, that is, fiery stone.] Sul And it my wishe'd alliance please your king, phur. See SULPHUR.
Tell him he should not send the peace, but bring. From his infernal furnace forth he threw
Dryden. Huge flanes, that dimmed all the heaven's light, 3. To produce; to procure, as a cause. Enroll'd in duskish smoke and brimstone blue. There is nothing will bring you more honour,
Fairy Queen. and more ease, than to do what right in justice The vapour of the grotto del Cane is generally you may.
Bacon. supposed to be sulphureons, though I can see no 4. To reduce; to recal. reason for such a supposition: I put a whole
Bring back gently their wandering minds, by bundle of lighted brimstone matches to the smoke;
going before them in the train they should purthey all went out in an instant. Addison on Italy.
sue, without any rebuke.
Locke. BRI'MSTONY, adj. (from brimstone.] Full
Nathan's fable had so good an effect, as to
bring the man after God's own heart to a right of brimstone ; containing sulphur ; sul
sense of his guilt.
Spectator. phureous. BRINDED. adj. [brin, Fr. a branch.] 5. To attract; to draw along
In distillation the water, ascends difficultly, Streaked ; tabby; marked with streaks.
and brings over with it some part of the oil of Thrice the brinded cat hath mew'd. Sbaksp. vitriol.
Newton's Opticks She tam'd the brinded lioness, And spotted mountain pard.
Milton. 6. To put into any particular state or cirMy brinded heifer to the stake I lay;
cumstances; to make liable to any thing. Two thriving calves she suckles twice a-day. Haviny got the way of reasoning, which that
Dryden. study necess.rily brings the mind to, they mighe BRI'NDLE.n. s. n. s. [from brinded.] The state be able to transfer it to other parts of knowledge,
Locke. of being brinded.
as they shall have occasion. A natural brindie.
The question for bringing the king to justice
was immediately put, and carried without any BRI'NTLED.adj. (from brindle.] Brinded; opposition, that I can find.
9. To lead by degrees.
A due consideration of the vanities of the not brought in by force, but naturally rise out of world, will naturally brire us to the contempt of the argument.
Addisor. it; and the contempi or the world will as cer Since he could not have a seat among them tainly bring us home to ourselves., L'Estrange. himself, he would bring in one who had more The understanding should be brought to the merit.
Tailer, difficult and knotty parts of knowledge by in Quotations are best brought in to confirm sone sensible degrees. Locke. opinion controverted.
Sacij. 8. To recal; to summons.
17. To bring off. To clear; to procure But those, and more than I to mind can bring, to be acquitted ; to cause to escape: Menalcus has not yet forgot to sing. Dryden. I trusted to my head, that has betrayed me; 9. To induce; to prevail upon.
and I found fault with my legs, that would other. The nature of the things, contained in those wise have brougbi me off.
L'Estrange. words, would not suffer him to think otherwise, Set a kite upon the bench, and it is forty to how or whensoever he is brought to reflect on one he 'll bring off' a crow at the bar. L'Estrange them.
Locke. The best way to avoid this imputation, and to It seems so preposterous a thing to men, to bring off the credit of our understanding, is to be make themselves unhappy in order to happiness, truly religious.
Tillotson. that they do not casily bring themselves to it. 18. 7o bring on.
To engage in action.
Locke.. If there be any that wouid reign, and take up Profitable employments would be no less a di all the time, let him find means to take them version than any of the idle sports in fashion, if off, and bring others on.
Bacer. men could be brought to delight in them. Locke. 19. To bring on. To produce as an occa. 10. To bring about. (See ABOUT.] To
sional cause. bring to pass; to effect.
The fountains of the great deep being broke This he conceives not hard to bring about, open, so as a general destruction and devastation If all of you would join to help him out. Dryd. was brought upon the earth, and all things in it. This turn of mind threw off the oppositions of
Barnet's Tbeory. envy and competition; it enabled him to gain The great question, which in all ages has the most vain and impracticable into his designs, disturbed mankind, and brought on them those and to bring about several great events, for the mischiefs.
Lorde. advantage of the publick. Addison's Freeholder.
20. To bring over. To convert; to draw 31. To bring forth. To give birth to; to
to a new party. produce.
This liberty should be made use of upon fes The good queen,
occasions of small importance, and only with a For she is good, hath brought you forth a daugbter: view of bringing over his own side, another time, Here't is; commends it to your blessing. Sbak. to something of greater and more publick moMore wonderful
Sruit. . Than that which, by creation, first brought forth The protestant clergy will find it, perhaps, no Light out of darkness!
Paradise Lost. difficult matter to bring great numbers over to Bewail thy falsehood, and the pious works the church.
Szeift. It hath brought forth, to make thee memorable
21. To bring out. To exhibit; to show. Among illustrious women, faithful wives.
If I make not this cheat bring out another, and
the shearers prove sheep, let me be unrolled. Bellona leads thee to thy lover's hand;
Sbakspeare's Winter's Tak. Another queen brings forth ancther brand,
Which he could bring out, where he had, To burn with foreign tires her native land! Dryd. Idleness and luxury bring forth poverty and
And what he bought them for, and paid. Hudib.
These shake his soul, and, as they boldly press want; and this tempts men to injustice, and that causeth enmity and animosity.
Bring out his crimes, and force him to confess.
Tillotson. The value of land is raised when it is fitted to
Another way made use of, to find the reight bring forib a greater quantity of any valuable
of the denarii, was by the weight of Greek coins; product.
but those experiments bring out the denarius 12. Zo bring forth. To bring to light.
drbutbacte The thing that is hid bringeth he forth to light.
22. To bring under. To subdue ; to re13. To bring in. To place in any condi
That sharp course which you have set down, tion.
for the bringing under of those rebels of Ulster, He protests he loves you;
and preparing a way for their perpetual refore And needs no other suitor, but his liking,
Scorser. To bring you in again. Sbakspeare's Othello.
To say, that the more capable, or the better 14. To bring in. To reduce.
deserver, hath such right iq govern, as he may Send over into that realm such a strong power compulsorily bring under the less worthy, is idle. of men, as should perforce bring in all that rebel
Bares. lious rout, and loose people. Spenser on Ireland. 23. To bring up. To educate ; to instruct; 15. To bring in. To afford gain.
to farm. The sole measure of all his courtesics is, what
The well bringing up of the people, serves as return they will make him, and what revenue a most sure bond to hold them: Sider they will bring him in.
He that takes upon him the charge of bringing Trade brught us in plenty and riches. Locke.
up young men, especially young gentlemen, 16. To bring in. To introduce.
should have something more in him than Latin. Entertain no long discourse with any, but, if
Lecce. you can, bring in something to season it with re
They frequently conversed with this lovely ligion.
virgin, who had been brought up by her father a There is but one God who made heaven and
Addison's Guardias. earth, and sea and winds ; but the folly and made 24. To bring up. To introduce to geneness of mankind brought in the images of gods. ral practice.
Stillingfieet. Several obliging deferences, condescensioes, The fruitfulness of Italy, and the like, ate, and submissions, with many outward foris ad .