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A mere anatomy, a mountebank,
which the cable is fastened, and at the A thread-bare juggler, and a fortune-teller, other branching out into two arms or A needy, hollow-ey'd, sharp looking wretch,
flooks, tending upward, with barbs or A living dead man.
edges on each side. Its use is to hold ANATAON n. s. The scum which swims
the ship, by being fixed to the ground. upon the molten glass in the furnace,
He said, and wept; then spread his sails before which, when taken off, melts in the air,
The winds, and reach'd at length the Cuman and then coagulates into common salt.
shore; It is likewise that salt which gathers
Their anchors dropt, his crew the vessels moor. upon the walls of vaults.
Dryden. A'NBURY. n. s. See AMBURY,
2. It is used, by a metaphor, for any thing ANCESTOR. n. so (ancestor, Lat. an
which confers stability or security. cestre, Fr.] One from whom a person
Which hope we have as an anchor of the soul,
both sure and stedfast, and which entereth into descends, either by the father or the
that within the veil.
Hebrews. mother. It is distinguished from pre. 3. The forms of speech in which it is most decessor; which is not, like ancestor, a commonly used, are, to cast anchor, to natural but civil denomination. An
lie or ride at anchon hereditary monarch succeeds to his an The Turkish general, perceiving that the cestors ; an elective to his predecessors. Rhodians would not be drawn forth to battle at And she lies buried with her ancestors,
sea, withdrew his fleet, when, casting anchor, and O, in a tomb where never scandal slept,
landing his men, he burnt the corn. Knolles. Save this of her's.
Ent'ring with the tide, Cham was the paternal ancestor of Ninus, He dropp'd bis anchors, and his oars he ply'd; the father of Chus, the grandfather of Nimrod; Furl'd every sail, and drawing down the mast, whose son was Belus, the father of Ninus. His vessel moor'd, and made with haalsers fast. Raleigh.
TO A'NCHOR. v. n. (from anchor.)
The fishermen that walk upon the beach Were sons of earth like him, or sons of whores.
Appear like mice; and yon tall aneboring bark Dryden. Diminish'd to her cock.
Sbakspeare. A'NCESTREL. adj. [from ancestor.] Claim Near Calais the Spaniards anchored, expecting ed from ancestors; relating to ances
their land-forces, which came not. Bacon. tors : a term of law.
Or the strait course to rocky Chios plow, Limitation in actions ancestrel, was anciently
And anchor under Mimos' shaggy brow. Popa so here in England.
Hale. 2. To stop at ; to rest on.
My intention, hearing not my tongue,,
Sbakspeare. 1. Lineage; a series of ancestors, or pro
To A'NCHOR. v. a. genitors; the persons who compose the lineage.
1. To place at anchor; as, he anchored
his ship. Phedon I highe, quoth he; and do advance
2. To fix on. Mine ancestry from famous Coradin, Who first to raise our house to honour did begin.
My tongue should to my ears not name my
Speuser. A tenacious adherence to the rights and liber
Till that my nails were anchor'd in thine eyes. ties transmitted from a wise and virtuous an
Shukspeare. cestry, publick spirit, and a love of one's country, A'schor. n. s. Shakspeare seems to have are the support and ornaments of government.
used this word for anchoret, or an absteAddison.
mious recluse person. Say from what sceptred ancestry ye claim, To desperation turn my trust and hope ! Recorded eminent in deathless fame? Pope. And anchor's cheerin prison be my scope! Sbak. 2. The honour of descent; birth.
A'NCHOR-HOLD. 11. s. [from anchor and Title and ancestry render a good man more il
hold.] The hold or fastness of the anlustrious, but an ill one more contemptible.
chor; and, figuratively, security. Addison.
The old English could express most aptly all A'NCHENTRY. n. s. [from ancient, and the conceits of the mind in their own tongue,
therefore properly to be written an. without borrowing from any; as for example : cientry.] Antiquity of a family; anci the holy service of God, which the Latins called ent dignity; appearance or proof of an
religion, because it knitted the minds of men totiquity.
gether, and most people of Europe have bor
rowed the same from them, they called most Wooing, wedding, and repenting, is a Scotch
significantly can-fi:stness, as the one and only jig, a measure, and a cinque pace: the first suit
assurance and fast anchor-bold of our soul's is hot and hasty, like a Scotch jig, and full as health.
Camden. fantastical; the wedding mannerly modest, as a
A'NCHOR-SMITH. N. s. [from anchor and measure full of state and ancbentry; and then
smith.] The maker or forger of anchors. comes repentance, and with his bad legs falls into the cinque pace faster and faster, will he sinks Smithing comprehends all trades which use into his grave,
either forge or file, from the anchor-smith to the ANCHOR. n. s. [anchora, Lat.]
watch-maker; they all working by the same
rules, though not with equal exactness; and all 3. A heavy iron, composed of a long
using the same tools, though of several sizes. sbank, having a ring at one end to
ANCHORAGE. n. s. [from anchor. ] A'NCIENT. n.'s. (from ancient, adj.] 1. The hold of the anchor.
1. Those that lived in old time were called Let me resolve whether there be indeed such
ancients, opposed to the moderns. efficacy in nurture and first production; for if
And though the ancients thus their rules in. that supposal should fail us, all our ancborage
vade, were loose, and we should but wander in a wild
As kings dispense with laws themselves have sea.
made; 2. The set of anchors belonging to a ship.
Moderns, beware! or, if you must offend The bark that hath discharg'd her freight,
Against the precept, ne'er transgress its end, Returns with precious lading to the bay,
Poper From whence at first she weigh'd her anchorage,
Shakspeare. 2. Senior. Not in use."
Junias and Andronicus, that in Christianity they
A'NCIENT. 1. s. chor.] Held by the anchor:
1. The flag or streamer of a ship, and, Like a well-twisted cable, holding fast "The anchor'/ vessel in the loudest blast. Waller. formerly, of a regiment. ANCHOR ET. / n, so (contracted from
2. The bearer of a flag, as was Ancient A'NCHORITE. S anachoret, cëvey wgritus.) A Pistol; whence, in present use, ensign.
This is Othello's ancient, as I take it.recluse ; a hermit ; one that retires to
The same indeed, a very valiant fellow. Sbaksp. the more severe duties of religion.
A'NCIENTLY. adv. [from ancient. ] In old His poetry indeed he took along with him ; but he made that an arcborite as well as himself.
Trebisond anciently pertained unto this crown; You describe so well your hermitical state of now unjustly possessed, and as unjustly abused, life, that none of the ancient anchorites could go by those who have neither title to hold it, nor
virtue to rule it. beyond you, for a cave in a rock, with a fine
Sidney. sprí or any of the accommodations that befit The colewort is not an enemy, though that a solitary life.
were anciently received, to the vine only, but to Anclio'yY. M. s. [from anchova, Span. or
any other plant, because it draweth strongly the anchise, Ital. of the same signification. A'NCIentness. n. s. [from ancient.] An
fattest juice of the earth.
Bacon A little sea-fish, much used by way of
tiquity; existence from old times. sauce or seasoning.
Savary. The Fescenine and Saturnian were the same; We invent new sauces and pickles, which re
they were called Saturnian from their ancientness, semble the animal ferment in taste and virtue, as
when Saturn reigned in italy, the faisa-acid gravies of meat; the salt-pickles A'NCIENTRY. n. s. [from ancient.] The
Dryden. of fish, ancbuvies, oysters.
Floyer. A'NCIENT. adj. (ancien, Fr. antiquus,
honour of ancient lineage ; the dignity
of birth. Lat.]
Of all nations under heaven the Spaniard is 1. Old ; that happened long since; of
the most mingled and most uncertain. Whereold, time ; not modern. Ancient and
fore, most foolishly do the Irish think to ennoold are distinguished ; old relates to the ble themselves, by wresting their ancientry from duration of the thing itself, as, an old the Spaniard, who is unable to derive himself coat, a coat much worn; and ancient,
from any in certain.
Spenser on Ireland. to time in general, as, an ancient dress,
There is nothing in the between, but getting
wenches with child, wronging the ancientry, a habit used in former times. But this
Shakspeare. is not always observed, for we mention ANCLE. See ANKLE. old customs; but though old be some. A'NcoNY. n. s. [in the iron mills.) A times opposed to modern, ancient is sel
bloom wrought into the figure of a flat dom opposed to new, but when new
iron bar, about three foot long, with
two square rough knobs, one at each
AND. conjunction. The number and names of which manours, as 1. The particle by which sentences or. all others belonging to common persons, he terms are joined, which it is not easy to caused to be written in a book, after a survey explain by any synonimous word. made of them, now remaining in the Exchequer,
Sure his honesty and called Doomsday Book; and such as by that book appeared to have belonged to the crown at
Got him small gains, but shameless flattery that time, are called ancient demesnes. Cowell.
And filthy beverage, and unseemly thift,
And borrow base, and some good lady's gift. 2. Old; that has been of long duration,
Spenser. With the ancient is wisdom, and in length of What shall I do to be for ever known, days understanding.
And make the age to come my own ? Cowley. Thales affirms, that God comprehended all things, and that God was of all things the most
The Danes' unconquer'd offspring march beencient, because he never had any beginning. And Morini, the last of human kind. Dryden.
Raleigh. It shall ever be my study to make discoveries
of this nature in human life, and to settle the proGare the tall ancient forest to his axe. Tlomson.
per distinctions between the virtues and per.. 3. Past; former.
fections of mankind, and those false colours and I see thy fury: if I longer stay,
resemblances of them that shine alike in the We shall begin our ancient bickerings, Sbaksp. eyes of the vulgar.
j called . ules is
is of both sexes.
2. And sometimes signifies though, and served, that hygroscopes made of cat's seems a contraction of and if.
gut proved very good anemoscopes, selIt is the nature of extreme self-lovers, as they
dom failing, by the turning the index will set an house on fire, and it were but to roast
about, to foretel the shifting of the Bacon. . wind.
Chambers 3i In and if the and is redundant, and is ANE'NT: prep. A word used in the Scotch omitted by all later writers.
1. Concerning ; about; as, be said nothing A'NDIRON. 1. s. (supposed by Skinner to anent this particular.
be corrupted from hand-iron; an iron 2. Over against; opposite to; as, be lives. that may be moved by the hand, or may
anent the market-house. supply the place of a hand.] Irons at ANES.1. s. The spires or beards of
Dict. the end of a fire-grate, in which the spit Awns.s corn. turns; or irons in which wood is laid to A'NEURISM. n. s. [åveugúvw.) A disease of burn.
the arteries, in which, either by a preIf
you strike an entire body, as an andiron ternatural weakness of any part of of brass, at the top it maketh a more treble them, they become excessively dilated ; sound, and at the bottom a baser. Bacon.
or, by a wound through their coats, the ANDRO'GYNAL. adj. [from árię and yvin.] blood is extravasated amongst the adjac Having two sexes; hermaphroditical.
Sharp. ANDRO'GYNALLY. adv. [froin androgy In the orifice, there was a throbbing of the
nal.] In the form of hermaphrodites; arterial blood, as in an aneurism. Wisentan, with two sexes.
ANE'w. adv. [from a and new.] The examples hereof have undergone no real 1. Over again, another time; repeatedly, or new transexion, but were androgynally born, This is the most common use. and under some kind of hermaphrodites. Brorun. ANDRO'GY NOUS. adj. The same with
Nor, if at mischief taken, on the ground
Be slain, but pris'ners to the pillars bound, androgynal.
At either barrier plac'd; nor captives made, ANDRŐGYNUS. n. s. (See ANDRO Be freed, or, arm'd anew, the fight invade. GYNAL.] A hermaphrodite; one that
That, as in birth, in beauty you excel,
The muse might dictate, and the poet tell:
Your art no other art can speak; and-you, The practice of cutting human bodies.
To shew how well you play, must play anew. Dict.
Prior. A’NECDOTE. n. so [åvíxdomov.]
The miseries of the civil war did, for many 1. Something yet unpublished ; secret his years, deter the inhabitants of our island from
the thoughts of engaging anew in such desperate Some modern anecdotes aver,
Addison. He nodded in his elbow chair.
Prior. 2. Newly; in a new manner. 2. It is now used, after the French, for a
He who begins late, is obliged to form anew biographical incident; a minute passage
the whole disposition of his soul, to acquire new of private life.
habits of life, to practise duties to which he is ANEMO'GRAPHY: 9.s. [avou and ypápw.] ANFRACTUOSE. , adj. [from anafractus,
utterly a stranger.
ANFRA'CTUOUS. Låt.) Winding ; ma-
zy; full of turnings and winding pagstrength or velocity of the wind.
Behind the drum are several vaults and anANEMONE. n. so (a veprubsn.] The wind
fractuose cavities in the ear-bone, so to intend
'the least sound imaginable, that the sense might Upon the top of its single stalk, surrounded
be affected with it; as we see in subterraneous by a leaf, is produced one naked flower, of
caves and vaults, how the sound is redoubled. many petals, with many stamina in the centre;
Ray. the seeds are collected into an oblong head, and
ANFRACTUOUSNESS. n. s. [from anfracsurrounded with a copious down. The principal colours in anemonies, are white, red, blue,
tuous.] Fulness of windings and turnand purple, sometimes curiously intermixed.
ANFRA'CTURE. n. s. [from anfractus,
Lat.] A turning; a mazy winding and broad and hard leaves, and those with narrow
Dict. and soft ones. The broad-leaved anemony roots ANGEL. n. s. (Cyst10; ; angelus, Lat.] should be planted about the end of September. These with small leaves must not be put into the
1. Originally a messenger, A spirit emground till the end of October.
ployed by God in the administration of
Some holy angel
Fly to the court of England, and unfold
His message ere he come. Sbakspeare.
Had we such a knowledge of the constitution A machine invented to foretel the
of man, as it is possible angels have, and it is changes of the wind. It has been ob.
certain his Maker has; we should have a quite other idea of his essence.
2. Angel is sometimes used in a bad sense; With notes angelical to many a harp as, angels of darkness.
Their own heroick deeds, and hapless fall And they had a king over them, which was By doom of battle.
Miltoca the angel of the bottomless pit. Revelations. Here happy creature, fair angelick Eve, 3. Angel, in scripture, sometimes means
Partake thou also.
Miltour. My fancy form'd thee of angelick kind,
Some emanation of th'all-beauteous mind. Popi. Angel is used, in the syle of love, for a beautiful person.
3. Belonging to angels; suiting the nature • Thou has the sweetest face I ever look'd on.
or dignity of angels. Sir, as I have a soul, she is an angel. Sbaksp.
It may be encouragement to consider the plez
sure of speculations, which do ravish and sub's. A piece of money anciently coined and
lime the thoughts with more clear angelical conimpressed with an angel, in memory of tentments.
Wilkins' Dedalus. an observation of pope Gregory, that ANGELICALNESS. n. s. [from angelical.] the pagan Angli, or English, were so
The quality of being angelical ; resembeautiful, that, if they were christians,
blance of angels ; excellence more than they would be angeli, or angels. The
human. coin was rated at ten shillings.
A'NGELOT. n. s. A musical instrument Take an empty bason, put an angel of gold, or what you will, into it; then go so far from
somewhat resembling a lute.
Dict. the bason, till you cannot see the angel, because A'NGER. n. s. [A word of no certain it is not in a right line; then fill the bason with etymology, but, with most probability, water, and you will see it out of its place, be derived by Skinner from ange, Sax. cause of the reflection.
vexed; which, however, seems to come Of hoarding abbots; their imprisoned angels
,originally from the Latin ango.] Set thou at liberty.
Shalspeare. 1. Uneasiness or discomposure of the A'NGEL. adj. Resembling angels ; angeli
mind, upon the receipt of any injury, cal.
with a present purpose of revenge. I have mark'd
Locke. A thousand blushing apparitions
Anger is like Start in her face; a thousand innocent shames
A full hot horse, who being allow'd his way, In angel whiteness bear away those blushes. Sbak.
Self-mettle tires him.
Was the Lord displeased against the rivers? With golden crowns, and wreathes of heav'nly flow'rs.
was thine anger against the rivers, was thy wrath Pope's Rape of the Lock.
against the sea, that thou didst ride upon thine A'NGEL-LIKE. adj. [from angel and like.] horses and thy chariots of salvation ? Habb. Resembling an angel.
Anger is, according to some, a transient In heav'n itself thou sure wert drest
hatred, or at least very like it.
Soutb. With that angel-like disguise.
Waller. 2. Pain, or smart, of a sore or swelling. A'NGEL-SHOT. n. s. [perhaps properly In this sense it seems plainly deducible
angle-shot, being folden together with a hinge.] Chain-shot, being a cannon bul I made the experiment, setting the mosa let cut in two, and the halves being where the first violence of my pain began, and
joined together by a chain. Dict. where the greatest anger and soreness still corn ANGE’LIC.. n. s. (Lat. ab angelica vir
tinued, notwithstanding the swelling of my foot. tute.] A plant.
To A'NGER. v. a. (from the noun.] It has winged leaves divided into large seg. ments; its stalks ar hollow and jointed; the
1. To make angry; to provoke ; to enflowers grow in an umbel upon the tops of the rage. stalks, and consist of tive leaves, succeeded by Who would anger the meanest artisan, which two large channelled seeds. The species are,
carrieth a good mind?
Hooker. 1. Coinmon or manured angelica. 2. Greater
Sometimes he angers me, wild angelica. 3. Shining Canada angelica.
With telling me of the moldwarp and the ant. 4. Mountain perennial angelica, with columbine
Miller. There were some late taxes and impositions ANGELICA. n. s. (Berry bearing) (aralia,
introduced, which rather angered than grieved Lat.] A plant.
Clarendon The flower consists of many lcaves, expanding
It anger'd Turenne, once upon a day, in form of a rose, which are naked, growing on
To see a footman kick'd that took his pay. Popes the top of the ovary: these flowers are succeeded
2. To make painful. by globular fruits, which are soft and succulent, He turneth the humours back, and maketh the and full of oblong seeds.
Miller. wound bleed inwards, and angeretb malign ulcers . and pernicious imposthumations.
A'NGERLY. adv. (from anger.] In an an1. Resembling angels.
gry manner, like one offended : it is now It discovereth unto us the glorious works of
written angrily. God, and carrieth up, with an angelical swift Why, how now, Hecat? you look angerly. ness, our eyes, that our mind, being informed
Sbakspeart. of his visible marvels, may continually travel Such jesters' dishonest indiscretion, is rather upward.
Raleigh. charitably to be pitied, thán their exception 2. Partaking of the nature of angels; above either angerly to be grieved at, or seriously to human.
Career, Others more mild,
ANGIOGRAPHY. N. s. [from aytaisy and Retreated in a silent valley sing,
wotw. A description of vessels in the
ANGEʻlick. } adj. (angelicus, Lat.]
human body; nerves, veins, arteries, form of speech peculiar to the English and lymphaticks.
language; an English idiom. ANGIO'LOGY. n. s. [from cySeñor and aśyos.] They corrupt their stile with untutored an
Milton. A treatise or discourse of the vessels of
A’NGOBER. n. S. A kind of pear. a human body. ANGIOMON O'S PE’r mous. adj. [from A'N GOUR.”. s. [angor, Lat.) Pain.
If the patient be suprised with a lipothymous eyfinov, póros, and crippa.] Such plants
angour, and great oppression about the stomach, as have but one single seed in the seed
expeet no relief from cordials.
A'NGRILY. adv. [from angry.] In an ANGIOʻTOMY. n. s. [from wyltior, and
angry manner; furiously; pecvishly. sier, to cut.) A cutting open of the
I will sit as quiet as a lamb; vessels, as in the opening of a vein or I will not stir, nor wince, nor speak a word, artery.
Nor look upon the iron angrily. Sbakspeare. ANGLE. 14. s. (angle, Fr. angulus, Lat.] A'NGRY. adj. [from anger.]
1. Touched with anger; provoked. The space intercepted between two
Oh let nor the Lord be angry, and I will speak: lines intersecting or meeting, so as, if
peradventure there shall be thirty found there. continued, they would intersect each
20. It seems properly to require, when the Angle of the centre of a circle, is an angle whose
object of anger is mentioned, the parvertex, or angular point, is at the centre of a
ticle at before a thing, and with before circle, and whose legs are two semidiameters of chat circle.
Stone's Dict. a person ; but this is not always obANGLE. n. s. (angel, German and
served. Dutch.) An instrument to take fish,
Your Coriolanus is not much missed, but with
his friends; the commonwealth doth stand, and consisting of a rod, a line, and a hook.
so would do, were he angry at it. Shaks?: She also had an angle in her hand; but the
Now therefore be not grieved, nor angry with taker was so taken,that she had forgotten taking.
yourselves, that ye sold me hither : for God did Sidney.
send me before you to preserve life. Genesis. Give me thine angle, we 'll to the river there,
I think it a vast pleasure, that whenever two My musick playing far off, I will betray
people of merit regard one another, so many Tawny-finn'd tish; my bending hook shall
scoundrels envy and are angry at them. Swift. pierce Their slimy jaws:
3. Having the appearance of anger; havThe patient fisher takes his silent stand, ing the effect of anger. Intent, his angle trembling in his hand ;
The north wind driveth away rain : so doth With looks unmoy'd, he hopes the scaly breed, en angry countenance a backbiting tongue. Prov. And eyes the dancing cork and bending reed. 4. Inchirurgery, painful ; inflamed ;
Popo. smarting To A'NGLE. V. n. (from the noun.]
This serum, being accompanied by the thinner 1. To fish with a rod and hook.
parts of the blood, grows red and angry; and, The ladies angling in the crystal lake,
wanting its due regress into the mass, first gaFeast on the waters with the prey they take.
thers into a hard swelling, and, in a few days, Waller.
ripens into matter, and so dischargeth. Wiseman. 2. To try to gain by some insinuating ar
A'NGUISH. n. s. (angoisse, Fr. angor, Lat.) tifices, as fishes are caught by a bait.
Excessive pain either of mind or body: If he spake courteously, he angled the people's applied to the mind, it means the pain hearts: if he were silent, he mused upon some of sorrow, and is seldom used to signify dangerous plot.
Sidacy. other passions.
Not all so cheerful seemed she of sight,
As was her sister; whether dread did dwell, The hearts of all that he did angle for. Sbaksp. Or anguisb, in her heart, is hard to tell. Fairy The pleasant'st angling is to see the fish
Virtue's but anguish, when 't is several, Cut with her golden oars the silver stream, By occasion wak'd, and circumstantial; And greedily devour the treacherous bait;
True virtue's soul's always in all deeds all.Donne. So angle we for Beatrice. Sbakspeare, They had persecutors, whose invention was A'NGLE-ROD. 1. s. (angel roede, Dutch.] as great as their cruelty. Wit and malice con
The stick to which the line and hook spired to find out such deaths, and those of such are hung.
incredible anguish, that only the manner of It differeth much in greatness; the smallest
dying was the punishment, death itself the debeing fit for thatching of houses; the second big
South. ness is used for angle-rods; and, in China, for
Perpetual anguish fills his anxious breast, beating of offenders upon the thighs. Bicon. Not stopt by business, nor compos'd by rest ; He makes a May-Ħy to a miracle, and fur
No musick cheers him, nor no feast can please. nishes the whole country with angle-rods. Addis.
Dryden, A'NCLER. n. s. (from angle:] He that A'NGUISHED. adj. [from anguish.] Seized fishes with an angle.
with anguish ; tortured ; excessively He, like a patient angler, ere he strook,
pained. Not in use. Would let them play a while upon the hook.
Feel no touch
Dryden. Of conscience, but of fame, and be Neither do birds alone, but many sorts of Anguish'd, not that 't was sin, but that 't was she. fshes, feed upon insects; as is well known to
Gaglers, who bait their hooks with them. Ray. A'NGULAR. adj. [from angle.] A'NGLICISM. n. s. (from Anglus, Lát.] A 1. Having angles or corners ; cornered.