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DATE. 1706

Born in Boston, Jan. 17 (Jan. 6, 1705, O. S.). 1706 The French and Spanish invade Carolina and

are repulsed. 1707 Union of England and Scotland under the

name of Great Britain. 1708 Birth of William Pitt (the elder). 1710 Port Royal captured by an English fleet; its

name changed to Annapolis (Nova Scotia).

1711 The Spectator begins publication.
Sent to school.

1714 Queen Anne dies, and George I. accedes to Taken out of school to assist his father.

the British throne.

1714 8 1716 10

1718 12 Becomes an apprentice in his brother James's

1723 17 Runs away to Philadelphia.
1724 18 Goes to London on a fool's errand from the

governor of Pennsylvania.
1726 20 Returns to Philadelphia to enter the employ

of a merchant.
1727 21 Falls ill of pleurisy. Conposes his epitaph. 1727 George I. dies, and George II. becomes king
Institutes a club called the Junto.

of Great Britain. 1729 23 Publishes The Pennsylvania Gazette in part- 1729 Carolina divided into North and South Caronership with Hugh Meredith.




1732 George Washington born, Feb. 22 (Feb. 11,
Begins the publication of Poor Richard's Al- 1731, O. S.).
1733 27 Begins the study of modern languages.

Appointed postmaster at Philadelphia.
1742 36 Invents the Franklin stove.
1744 38 Establishes the American Philosophical So-1744 “King George's War” with France begins.

1745 Siege and capture of Louisburg by colonial

troops and a few English vessels.

Second Jacobite rebellion.
1748 Peace of Aix-la-Chapelle between Great Bri-

tain and France, restoring Cape Breton to

Formation of the Ohio Company. 1749 43 Founds the Academy and Charitable School







1730 24 Marries Deborah Read (Rogers), Sept. 1.
1732 26 Founds the Philadelphia Library.

1733 Settlement of Georgia.
1736 30 Chosen clerk to the General Assembly of
1737 | 31

31 A

the French.

to to of the Province of Pennsylvania, which 1751 | 45

finally became the University of Pennsyl


1752 | 46 |Proves lightning to be a discharge of elec-1752 Reformed or Gregorian calendar adopted by tricity, by experimenting with a kite.

Parliament for England and the colonies.
Elected a member of the General Assembly.
1753 47 Appointed, jointly with William Hunter, post-

master-general of the colonies.
1755 49 Procures transport wagons and supplies for 1755 The French and Indian War begins.

Braddock's expedition against Fort Du- Braddock's Defeat, July 9.

quesne. 1757 | 51 Sent to London as agent for the Province of

Pennsylvania in its dispute with the Penn family.

1758 Capture of Louisburg by the English. 1759 53 Receives the degree of Doctor of Laws from 1759 Defeat of the French and death of Wolfe and the University of St. Andrews at Edinburgh. Montcalm, in the Battle of the Plains of

Abraham, at Quebec, Sept. 13. Surrender

of Quebec, Sept. 18.
1760 Surrender of Montreal and all Canada to the

George II. dies, and George III. ascends the

British throne.
1762 56 Returns to Philadelphia.
1763 57 Travels through the provinces to supervise 1763 Peace of Paris, between Great Britain and
and regulate the postal system.

The “Paxton Boys” in Pennsylvania massa-

cre converted Indians. 1764 58 Again goes to London as colonial agent for Pennsylvania

1765 | The Stamp Act passed, in March.

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Gives important testimony in regard to the 1766 The Stamp Act repealed, in March.
Stamp Act before the House of Commons.

1767 Duty imposed by the British Parliament on

glass, paper, painters' colors, and tea im

ported into the colonies. Appointed agent for Massachusetts in Eng- 1770 The Boston Massacre, March 5. land.

Act of Parliament repealing duty on paper,

glass, and painters' colors, but retaining

that on tea (March). Writes first part of his Autobiography.

1773 Boston Tea Party, Dec. 16. 1774 Passage of the Boston Port Bill.

The Continental Congress meets, at Philadel

Returns to America, 'reaching Philadelphia 1775 Battles of Concord and Lexington, April 19.

May 5.
Unanimously elected by the Assembly a dele- Battle of Bunker Hill, June 17.
gate to the Provincial Congress, May 6.

Washington takes command of the American
Appointed postmaster-general of the colonies. Army, July 3.
Sent on a fruitless mission to Canada.

1776 Evacuation of Boston by the British, March
Presides over the constitutional convention of

17. Pennsylvania.

Adoption of the Declaration of Independence, Elected by Congress a member of the com

July 4.

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mittee of five to frame a declaration of in

Battle of Trenton, Dec. 26.
Elected one of the commissioners to France,
where he arrives in December.

1777 Burgoyne's surrender, Oct. 17.

The Articles of Confederation agreed upon in

1778 72 Formally received at the French Court. 1778 France recognizes the United States as an in-
Appointed minister-plenipotentiary to France. dependent nation.

1779 Battle of Stony Point, July 16.

John Paul Jones in the “ Bonhomme Richard”

captures the British man-of-war “ Serapis

after a desperate battle.
1780 The capture of Major André reveals the trea-

chery of Benedict Arnold, and André is

hanged as a spy.
1781 75 Appointed a member of the commission to 1781 Surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown, Oct.
negotiate a treaty of peace between Eng-

land and the United States.

1782 Preliminary articles of peace between Great

Britain and the United States signed at

1783 Definitive Treaty of Peace signed at Paris,

Sept. 3.
1784 78 Resumes work on his Autobiography.
1785 79 His resignation as minister to France is ac-

cepted by Congress, and he returns to

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