Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB

INDEX.

ACADEMY, founding an, 149–152.

Cincinnati, the order of the, 23 med
Adams, Matthew, 20.

note.
Alexander, James, 166.

Clapham, Colonel, 193.
Allen, Judge, of New Jersey, 77.

Clifton, John, 160.
Allen, William, 140.

Clinton, Governor, 140.
Amboy, 32, 33.

Coleman, William, 82; his kindness to
American Philosophical Society, the, 138 Franklin, 87.
and pote.

Collins, John, 21, 30, 39, 43, 45-47, 78.
Amherst, Lord, 209.

Collinson, Peter, 199, 200, 217.
Argument, 21, 25, 26, 49.

Cooper, Joseph, 77.
Art of Virtue, The, a proposed book, 111, Craven Street, London, 162.
112, 234.

Croghan, George, 180.
Bache, Richard, 243.

Dalibard, Thomas François, translates
Baird, Dr., of Philadelphia and Scot- Franklin's papers on electricity, 201 ;
land, 83.

proves the truth of Franklin's theory
Battery,
securing a, 139-145.

as to lightning, 202.
Beatty, Rev. Mr., 192, 193.

Declaration of Independence, the, 238,
Beer-drinking, 61-63.

239.
Bethlehem, Pa., 189, 190, 193–195. Decow, Isaac, 77.
Bible, concealment of a, 11, 12.

Deism, 77, 78.
Bond, the two Doctors, 185, 186. Denham, Mr., a Quaker merchant of Phil.
Bond, Dr. Thomas, establishes a hospital adelphia, 56-57, 66; employs Franklin

in Philadelphia with Franklin's help, as a clerk, 67 ; 70; dies, zi.
154-157.

Denny, Captain William, Governor of
Bonnell,
Captain, 209, 210.

Pennsylvania, 171, 198 ; his first inter-
Boston, Franklin's life in, 12-30; a short course with Franklin, 203-205 ; 206,
visit to, 41-43; 199.

208 ; passes an act of the Assembly
Braddock, General Edward, 173 84. taxing the proprietary estate, 220; is
Bradford, Andrew, 37, 38, 83, 84, 86, 91, removed from office, 222.
127.

Dissertation on Liberty and Necessity-
Bradford, William, 31, 37, 38.

Pleasure and Pain, A, 59.
Breintnal, Joseph, 81, 82, 84, 90.

Dunbar, Colonel, 179, 182, 184, 185, 197,
Brockden, Charles, 94, 96.

198.
Brown, Dr., 33.

Dunkers, the, 146.
Buffon, Georges Louis Leclerc, Count de,
201.

Eagle, bald, 242, 243.
Bunyan, John, 19, 31, 32.

Ecton, Northamptonshire, 9, 227, 228.
Burlington, N. J., 33, 34, 76, 77.

Electricity, 199–203.
Burnet, Governor, 45.
Bustill, Samuel, 77.

Falmouth, 216.

Fawkener, Sir Everard, 197.
Cambridge, England, 227.

Fire department, the foundation of the
Canada, its importance to Great Britain, 129, 130; 142, 143,

223, 228, 229; commissioners sent to, Fireplace, the Pennsylvania, 147, 148.
238.

Folger, Peter, grandfather of Franklin
Canton, John, 203.

12, 13.
Carlisle, Pa., 153, 154.

Fort Duquesne, Battle of, 181-183.
Cave, publisher of The Gentleman's Mag. Fort George, 209.
azine, 200.

Fothergill, Dr. John, 161, 200, 217, 218
Charles, Mr., London Agent for the France, Franklin in, 240-243.

Province of Pennsylvania, 217, 221. Francis, Mr., attorney-general, 149.
1

Franklin, Benjamin, uncle of Benjamin,

10, 11, 14.
Franklin, Abiah (Folger), mother of Ben-

jamin, 12, 17.
Franklin, Benjamin, ancestry and pa-

rentage, 9-13; birth, 12 and note ;
schooling, 13, 14; learning his father's
trade of' tallow-chandler, 14-18; an
early instance of misdirected public
spirit, 15; his indifference in regard to
his food, 16, 17 ; fondness for reading,
19, 20; becomes an apprentice in his
brother James's printing-office, 19, 20;
writes and sells ballads, 20; practices
prose-writing, 20-23; becomes a vege-
tarian, 23, 24; his_studies, 24, 25;
writes for the New England Courant,
27, 28; his disputes with his brother
James, 28-30 ; a new arrangement
with his brother, 29; asserts his free-
dom and goes to New York, 29, 30 ; the
journey from New York to Philadel-
phia, 31-35; first day in Philadelphia,
35-37 ; finds employment and lodgings,
37-39; urged by the governor to set
up a printing business in Philadelphia,
40, 41; goes home with a letter from
the governor to his father, 41, 42 ; his
father refusing, on account of his
youth, to set him up in business, he
returns to Philadelphia, 42-45; rela-
tions with Collins, 46, 47 ; promises of
assistance from the governor, 47, 48 ;
vegetarianism and argument, 48-51 ; be-
comes attached to Miss Deborah Read,
50 ; his acquaintances in Philadelphia,
50-53; on the governor's assurances of
financial assistance he sails for London
to buy an outfit for his printing-office,
53-55; arrival in London and disclos-
ure of Governor Keith's faithlessness,
56, 57 ; finds employment at Palmer's
printing-house, 58, 59; makes acquain.
tances, 59, 60 ; breaks with his friend
James Ralph, 61; enters Watts's print-
ing-house, 61 ; his temperate habits,
31-63; his lodgings, 63-65 ; his swim-
ming powers, 65-68 ; enters the em-
ployment of Mr. Denham, a Philadel-
phia merchant, and sails for America,
67, 68 ; as a merchant's clerk in Phila-
delphia, 70; very ill of pleurisy, 71; by
the death of Mr. Denham he is thrown
out of his situation, and he again
enters the printing-house of his old em-
ployer, Keimer, 71; is discharged by
Keimer without cause, but is after-
wards reëngaged, 74-76; agrees to a
partnership with Hugh Meredith in
a printing business, 75; makes friends
in New Jersey, 76, 77 ; morality and
religion, 77-79; leaves Keimer and
starts business with Meredith, 79, 80;
forms a debating club called the Junto,
80-82; industry in business, 82, 83;
starts a newspaper, The Pennsylvania
Gazette, 83, 84; increasing business,

85, 86 ; his partnership with Meredith
is dissolved, and with the assistance of
friends he continues the business alone,
86-88; advocates an increase of the pa-
per currency, 88, 89; growing business,
89-91 ; courtship and marriage, 92-94;
establishes the first subscription library
in America, 94-98; assisted by the in-
dustry and frugality of his wife, 99;
his religious beliefs, 99-101 ; his plan of
moral improvement, 101-114; his pro-
ject of founding an international 80-
ciety or sect for the practice of virtue,
115-117 ; publication and success of
Poor Richard's Almanac, 118-119; his
manner of conducting his newspaper,
119; sends one of his journeymen to
South Carolina under a partnership
arrangement, 120; his relations with
Rev. Mr. Hemphill, 121 ; learning lan-
guages, 122, 123 ; visits Boston and
Newport, 124 ; loses his little boy, 124;
brings about the enlargement of the
Junto's usefulness by the formation of
subordinate clubs, 125, 126 ; chosen
clerk of the General Assembly of
Pennsylvania, 126 ; turns an enemy
into a friend, 126, 127 ; is made post-
master at Philadelphia, 127 ; accom-
plishes the reform of the city watch,
128; through his instrumentality a fire
department is organized, 129, 130 ; his
acquaintance with the Rev. George
Whitefield, 133, 134; increasing pros-
perity, 136; forms partnerships in other
colonies, 137 ; starts a movement for an
academy, 138; establishes the Ameri.
can Philosophical Society, 138; his
successful efforts in behalf of the pub-
lic defence, 138-145; his rule as to
public office, 141 ; invents the Frank.
sin stove, or Pennsylvania fireplace,
147, 148, founds an academy, which
afterwards became the University of
Philadelphia and finally the University
of Pennsylvania, 149-152 ; takes Mr.
David Hall into partnership to man-
age his business, 151; elected to mem-
bership in the Assembly and other
offices, 152, 153; furthers Dr. Thomas
Bond's plans for a hospital in Phila-
delphia, 154-157 ; advice to a solicitor
of subscriptions, 157, 158 ; his share in
bringing about the paving, cleaning,
and lighting of Philadelphia streets,
159-161 ; his project for the clean-
ing of London streets, 161-164 ; post-
master-general for America jointly
with Mr. William Hunter, 165; takes
a journey to New England, where he
receives the degree of Master of Arts
from Harvard College, 165, 166 ; ap-
pointed one of the commissioners
to arrange an alliance with the Six
Nations, 166 ; his plan for a union of
the colonies, 166-168 ; his pleasant re
lations with Governor Morris, 169, 170;

his services in procuring money from to Mr. William Strahan, 237 ; letter to
the Assembly to be used by the gov- another English acquaintance, 237 ;
ernment of Massachusetts in an attack goes to Canada as one of three commis-
upon the French, 172, 173; procures sioners to solicit assistance, 238 ; takes
transport wagons and supplies for Gen- part in the discussions leading to the
eral Braddock's expedition against Declaration of Independence, 238, 239;
Fort Duquesne, 173-180; his unheeded represents the United States in France,
warning to Braddock, 180, 181; recom- 240-242; his personal appearance at
mendatory letters from Braddock, this time, 241 ; one of the peace com-
184 ; partially successful efforts to se- mission, 241, 242; a letter to Mrs.
cure the return of servants which had Hewson, 241 ; a letter to his daughter,
been enlisted in the army, 184 ; diffi- 242 ; returns to America and is made
culties with the owners of transport president of the State of Pennsylvania,
wagons, 185 ; forebodings as to the 243 ; last years, 243; death, 244; his
outcome of the expedition, 185, 186 ; epitaph, 244.
appointed on a commission to spend an Franklin, Mrs. Benjamin, her married
appropriation for the defence of the life, 94 ; her death, 94 n., 241 ; her in-
Province, 188; promotes the formation dustry and frugality, 99 ; 223 ; Frank.
of a militia, 188, 195; raises troops lin's letters to, 224, 227, 235 ; 232. See
and commands an expedition to build Read, Miss Deborah.
a line of forts against the Indians, 188- Franklin, James, brother of Benjamin,
193; colonel in the militia, 195, 196 ; 19, 23, 24 ; publishes the New England
incurs the enmity of the proprietor of Courant, 26, 27; his treatment of his
the Province, 196, 197 ; his relations brother Benjamin, 28; trouble with
with Governor Morris, 197, 198; his the authorities, 28, 29; makes another
electrical experiments and discoveries, arrangement with Benjamin, 29; Ben-
199-203; chosen a member of the jamin leaves him, 30 ; 42; reconcilia-
Royal Society, 203; receives a medal tion with Benjamin, 124.
from the Royal Society, 203; his first Franklin, John, brother of Benjamin,
meeting and subsequent relations with 18, 43.
Governor Denny, 203-205; appointed Franklin, John, uncle of Benjamin,
agent of the Province of Pennsylvania 9, 10.
to present and support its petition to Franklin, Josiah, father of Benjamin,
the crown against the Penn family, 10, 11 ; emigrates to New England, 12;
205 ; his relations with General Lord his family, 12; 13-15; his person and
Loudoun, 206-212; delayed in starting character, 15, 16; his grave, 17; 18-
for London and on the voyage by Lord 23, 28, 30, 42, 43.
Loudoun's indecision and procrastina- Franklin, Samuel, first cousin of Benjaw
tion, 207–209; unsuccessful efforts to min, 18.
secure reimbursement for money ad- Franklin, Samuel, second cousin of Ben.
vanced to buy provisions, etc., for the jamin, 10.
army, 211, 212; events of the voyage, Franklin, Sarah, daughter of Renjamin,
212-216 ; lands at Falmouth_and pro- 226, 227, 232, 236, a letter from her
ceeds to London, 216; visits Dr. Foth- father, 242.
ergill and Mr. Peter Collinson, 217; Franklin, Thomas, grandfather of Benja-
his conversation with Lord Granville, min, 9, 10.
217, 218; his negotiations with the Franklin, Thomas, uncle of Benjamin,
proprietaries, 218-223 ; his stay in 10, 227, 228.
England, 223-231 ; makes purchases Franklin, William, son of Benjamin, ap-
for his wife, 224-226; makes friends pointed clerk to the General Assembly
in England, 227 ; visits his ancestral of Pennsylvania, 153; 176, 188, 216,
home, 227, 228; his ideas as to the im- 223–225 ; his marriage and appointment
portance of America to England, 228, as governor of New Jersey, 232 n.
229; advice to Mary Stevenson as to Franklin family, the, 9-12.
reading, 229, 230; returns to America, Franklin stove, the, 147, 148.
231, 232; makes a tour through the French, Colonel, of Newcastle, 40, 55.
northern colonies to inspect and regu-
late the postal system, 232 ; his services Georgia, settlement of, 132, 133.
during the riots of the “ Paxton Boys Gnadenhut, 188-194.
against the converted Indians, 233; Godfrey, Thomas, 79, 81, 92, 93.
a short period of unpopularity, 234 ; Godfrey, Mrs. Thomas, 92, 93.
again sent to England as agent for the Gordon, Major, Governor of Pennsyl
Province, 234; his services to the col-

vania, 70.
onies, 234-237 ; makes purchases for Grace, Robert, 82; his kindness to
his wife, 235, 236; returns to America, Franklin, 87 ; manufactures the Frank-
237 ; unanimously chosen a delegate to lin stove, 147.
the Continental Congress, 237 ; letter | Granville, Lord, 217, 218.

138 n.,

Halifax, 209.

lin as colonial agent in, 216–21, 234
Hall, David, taken into partnership with 237.
Frankliņ, 151.

Lor, M. de, 202.
Hamilton, Andrew, 56, 57, 86, 89. Lotteries, 142 and note.
Hamilton, Governor James, 55, 166, 168, Loudoun, Lord, 205–212.
169.

Louisburg, 209.
Hanbury, John, 217.

Lutwidge, Captain, 213.
Harry, David, 72, 91.

Lyons, a surgeon,

59.
Hemphill, Rev. Mr., 121, 122
Hewson, Mrs. (formerly Miss Mary Macclesfield, Lord, 203.

Stevenson), a letter from Franklin, Madeira, 231.
241.

Mandeville, Dr.,

59.
Holmes, Captain Robert, 39-42.

Mansfield, Lord, 221.
House, George, 79.

Maugridge, William, 81.
Hume, David, 184.

Meredith, senior, 86, 87.
Humility, 104, 112-114.

Meredith, Hugh, 71, 74; arrange a parte
Hunter, William, 165.

nership with Franklin in a printing

business, 75; 76, 81, 85; his partner.
Indians, a treaty with, 153 ; their fond- ship with Franklin having been dis-

ness for rum, 153, 154; conference solved, he settles in North Carolina,
with the chiefs of the Six Nations, 166, 87, 88.
167; in the French and Indian War, Mickle, Samuel, 80.
180-183, 188-192, 200 ; massacres of Militia, organization of an 138, 139, 188,
converted, 233.

195.
Innis, a Philadelphia messenger, 208 Mitchel, Dr., 200.

Money, paper, 88-90.
Jefferson, Thomas, 238.

Morality, 77-79, 101-114.
John Thompson, Hatter, Franklin's an- Moravians, their opinions as to bearing
ecdote, 238, 239.

arms, 189; their manner of life, 194,
Junto, the, organization of, 80-82; 88, 195.

89, 94, 95, 113, 119; foundation of sub Morris, Governor Robert Hunter, his
ordinate clubs, 125, 126; 128, 129, appointment, 168 ; his disputes with
149.

the Assembly and his personal friend-

ship with Franklin, 169, 170, 197, 198;
Keimer, Samuel, the printer, 37-41, 48 ; 172 ; vetoes money-bills of Assembly,

his arguments with Franklin, 49; pro- 187 ; 193.
poses founding a new sect, 49; as a Morris, James, 142, 143.
vegetarian, 49, 50; 70; engages Frank-
lin to manage his printing-house, 71 ; New England Courant, the, 27-29.
72, 73; picks a quarrel with Franklin Newspapers, libel in, 119, 120.
and discharges him, 74; his financial New York, Franklin in, 31.
condition, 75; reëngages Franklin, Nollet, Abbé, 201, 202.
75, 76; 82-84 ; fails and goes to Bar- Norris, Isaac, Speaker of the Pennsyl
badoes, 90, 91.

vania House, 153, 166.
Keith, Sir William, Governor of Penn-

sylvania, 40-43; proposes to set Frank- Order, 103, 104, 107–110.
lin up as a printer, 47, 48; his post- Orme, Captain, 183.
poned promises to Franklin, 53, 54; Osborne, Charles, his acquaintance with
his faithlessness discovered, 56, 57; Franklin, 61-63.
30, 78.
Kennedy, Captain, 213, 215.

Palmer, Mr., the London printer, 58, 59.
Kennedy, Mr., 166.

Paris, Ferdinand John, 219, 221.
King of Denmark, the, 98.

Parsons, William, 81.
Kinnersley, Ebenezer, 199, 200.

Partnerships, 137.
Kite, Franklin's experiment with @, “Paxton Boys," the riots of the, 233.
202.

Pearson, Isaac, 77.

Pemberton, Dr., 59.
Lamps, street, 160, 161.

Pembroke, Lord, 216.
Lawrence, Colonel, 139, 140.

Penn, John, grandson of William, 166;
Le Roy, Jean Baptiste, 202.

Governor of Pennsylvania, 233, 234.
Libraries, subscription, 94-98.

Penn, Thomas, son of William and chief
Library, the Philadelphia, the founding proprietor of Pennsylvania, his hos-
of, 94-98.

tility to Franklin, 196, 197 ; 204, 218.
Logan, James, 143, 144,

See Proprietors of Pennsylvania.
London, Franklin's life as a journeyman Penn, William, anecdote of, 143, 144.

printer in, 56-68 ; lighting and clean- Penn family. See Proprietors of Penn
ing of the streets in, 161-164; Frank- sylvania.

Pennsylvania Gazette, The, Franklin's ning of the French and Indian War,
newspaper, 84, 85, 119, 122, 136.

167, 185, 210, 211.
Peters, Secretary Richard, 166.

Sloane, Sir Hans, 60 and note.
Philadelphia, Franklin's life in, 34–54, Small-pox, 124 and note.

70-207, 231-234, 237-240, 243, 244. Spangenberg, a Moravian bishop, 189.
Philosophical Society, the American, 138. Spence, Dr., 199.
Pilgrim's Progress, 19, 31, 32.

Stevenson, Mrs. Margaret, 224, 225, 227,
Poor Richard's Almanac, publication of,

236, 242
118; its success and its influence for Stevenson, Miss Mary, 224 ; Franklin's
good, 118, 119.

advice to, 229, 230, 236. See Hewson,
Potts, Stephen, 71, 72, 81.

Mrs.
Pownall, Governor Thomas, 172.

Stonehenge, 216.
Presbyterian minister, a, 100, 101. Stove, the Franklin, 147, 148.
Pride, 112-114.

Strahan, William, Franklin's famous
Proprietors of Pennsylvania, the (Thomas letter to, 237.

and Richard Penn), disputes of the Pro- Streets, paving, cleaning, and lighting of,
vince with, 170, 171, 204-207, 217-223. 159-164.

Syng, Mr., 145.
Quakers, their attitude towards offensive

and defensive war, 138, 141-147. Taylor, Abram, 140.
Quincy, Col. Josiah, grandfather of the Tennent, Rev. Gilbert, 157, 158.

Josiah Quincy who was second mayor Thomas, Governor, 138, 145, 147.
of Boston, 172, 173.

University of Pennsylvania, establish-
Ralph, James, his acquaintance with ment of the, 149-152.

Franklin in Philadelphia, 51-53; University of Philadelphia, establish-
Pope's allusi to, 53 and note ; sails ment of the, 149-152
for England in company with Franklin,
54; life in London with Franklin, 57- Vanity, 8.
60; becomes a country schoolmaster, Vegetarianism, 23, 24,

48-50.
60 ; breaks with Franklin, 61 ; 68, 78; Vernon, Mr., 43, 86 ; Franklin's debt to,

his later reputation as a writer, 205. 45-48, 73, 78, 86.
Read, John, Franklin lodged at his Virtues, the cultivation of, 102–114.

house, 39; 57.
Read, Miss Deborah, her first sight of Washington, George, letter from Frank.

Franklin, 36, 39 ; Franklin becomes lin to, 243.
attached to, 50; 54, 58 ; her unhappy Watch, the city, of Philadelphia, 128.
marriage with one Rogers, 70; 78; Watson, Joseph, his acquaintance with
marries Franklin, 93, 94. See Frank Franklin, 51-53.
lin, Mrs. Benjamin.

Watson, Sir William, physician, botanist,
Reading, 230.

and electrician, 203.
Recluse, a female, 64, 65.

Watts, the printer, 61, 62.
Religion, 77-79, 99-101, 116, 131.

Webb, George, 72, 73, 81, 83, 84.
Riddlesden, an attorney, 56, 57.

Welfare, Michael, 146.
Rolls, episode of the, 35.

Wharf, building á, 15.
Rose, Aquila, 31, 38.

Whitefield, Rev. George, one of the
Rum, its effect on the Indians, 153, 154. founders of Methodism, 131-136.

Wilcox, a London bookseller, 59.
Scull, Nicholas, 81.

Wilton, England, 216.
Self-examination, 101-114.

Wolfe, General James, 209.
Ships, speed in, as affected by building, Women, the education of, 120, 121.

rigging, lading, and sailing, 212-214. Wright, Dr., 202.
Shirley, William, Governor of Massachu. Wygate, Franklin's acquaintance with

setts and commander-in-chief of the 65, 66.
British forces in America at the begin- / Wyndham, Sir William, 67, 68.

« ZurückWeiter »