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the degeneracies of nature. In physies, we have produced a FRANKLIN, than whom no one of the present age has made more important discoveries, nor has enriched philosophy with more, or more ingenious solutions of the phenomena of nature. We have supposed Mr. Rittenhouse second to no astronomer living ; that in genius he must be the first, because he is self-taught,” &c.

In philosophy, England can boast of a Bacon, the most eminent professos in this science the world has ever produced. The Essays of this great wrider is one of the best proo& ve can adduce of his transcendent abilities; and America claims the enlightened FRANKLIN, a man who has not beft his equal behind him, and whose Life and Writings are the subject of the following sheets.

To say more in this place of our Author, would be anticipating what is hereafter mentioned: it will therefore only be necessary to add, that due attention has been paid in the selection of such of his produce tions as may be adapted to general perusal. The following letter from the celebrated Dr. Price to a gentleman in Philadelphia, upon the subject of Dr. Franklin's memoirs of his own life, will not, it is presumed, be considered inapplicable:

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“I am hardly able to tell you bow kindly I take the letters with which you favour me. Your last, containing an account of the death of our excellent friend, Dr. Franklin, and the circumstances attending at, deserves my particular gratitude. The accouns which he has left of his life will shew, in a striking example, how a man, by talents, industry, and integrity, may rise from obscurity, to the first eminence and consequence in the world; but it brings bis history no lower than the yeas 1757, and I understand that since he sent over the copy, wbich I have read, he has been able to make no additions to it. It is with a melancholy regret that I think of his death; but to death we are all bound by the irrevocable order of nature, and in looking forward to it, there is comfort in being able to reflect—that we have not lived in vain, and that all the useful and virtuous shall meet ani a better country beyond the grave.

Dr. Franklin, in the last letter I received from him, after mentioning his age and infirmities, observes, that it has been kindly ordered by the Author Nature, that, as we draw nearer the conclusion of life, we are furnished with more helps to wean us from it, amongst which one of the strongest is the loss of dear friends. I was delighted with the account you gave in your letter of the honour shewn to his memory at Philadelphia, and by Congress ; and yesterday I received a high additional pleasure by being informed that the National Assembly of France had determined to go into mourning for him.-What a glorious scene is opened there! The apnals of the world furnish no parallel to it. One of the honours of our departed friend is, that he has contributed much 10 it.

I with

great respect, Your obliged and very humble servant,



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