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which I recommended to him. In short, we parted, to join the company, very well satisfied with each other. I found my disgust and prejudice gradually abate. During several subsequent years, I had repeated opportunities of being in company with him, and never saw a single instance of that fastidiousness and arrogance, so conspicuous in his writings. He always received me with great good humour ; I conversed with him easily and familiarly. O, all subjects he shewed an attention and deference to the opinion of others. He had a great fund of anecdote, and told his stories with much humour and facetiousness. This change in my mision relating to Dr. Warburton was the effect of my being personally acquainted with him : however, I can never forgive hin for defacing the immortal Shakespeare, by his many ridiculous and unlettered notes, though he made me a present of that and all his other Works. He ought,' said Quin the Player, to have stuck to his own Bible, and not to have meddied with ours.'"
In a subsequent Letter Dr. Cuming adds,
“If my paper in my last letier would have held out, I should have finished the subject of Warburton, by giving you an arch, but not unjust, character of him, which I extracted many years ago, and before I was acquainted with the Doctor, from a letter written by a gentleman, a Clergyman I believe, in Devonshire, to a learned friend of mine, in which the metaphor is admirably supported. Thus he expressed himself: “And whom we may compare, not altogether improperli, to a Bluzing Stur, that has appeared in our hemisphere: obscure his origin, re-plendent bis ligh: irregular his motion, and his period quite uncertain. With such a train of quotations as he carries in his tail, and the eccentricity of the vast circuit be takes, the vulgar are alarmed, the learned puzzled Something wonderful it certainly portends, and I wish he may go off without leaving some malignant influence at least among us, if he does not set us on fire.' Mr. Edward CAVE* to the Rev. Dr. DoDDRidget. “ DEAR SIR,
St. John's Gute, May 20, 1746. “I got safe last night to this strong Tower with all my company, having a very agreeable day's journey ; during which, as you had so cordially expressed your concern for us boih in public and private, we frequently remembered your goodness, as well as your very delectable and no less improving conversation and discourse; and heartily wished you and your Fellow-travellers safe over the rough ways, and without any bad or perplexing accident; of which as we should be glad to have an account, we apprehend that it may not be displeasing to let you know how we performed our stage, as we set out so late.
“ Having, at 18 miles by my measure, at a quarter past 11, reached Aylesbury, which is 44 measured miles fronı London, we
• The original Compiler and itor of the Gentleman's Magazine. See the “ Literary Anecdotes," vol. V. pp. 1–50. + From the Original, communicated by the Rev. T. Stedman.
took a little bait, and proceeded to Wendover, called two or three miles, and measuring five. At this place, having slipped between the Chalk-hills, here called, I think, the Chiltern, by a very easy ascent, compared with that near Dunstable, or the Chalk-hills in the road from Oxford, Tame, Baldock, Bedford, Cambridge, &c. we travelled but slowly through that confined but delightful Valley, which reaches along the road, or just helow it, from Missenden, called six and measuring ten miles from Aylesbury, where about three we dined, to Chalfont.
“Our intended speed was unexpectedtly interrupted by waters, in some places near a furlong in length, but not otherwise disagreeable, as we could every where discern the yravel at the bottom not far off, being only the exuberance of that pleasant stream which rises about Missenden, and often crossed our way, and sometimes washed a considerable part of it, making the cooling gale of the day (of which I hope you had the benefit, still more refreshing, and affording us great comfort in a close road, where, however, the hedges often met, or were spread over our heads on the sunny side; so that our journey was extremely pleasant, both upon and between the Hills, in which last I apprehended we should have been much incommoded by the sun. At three miles before we reached Uxbridge, we entered the great road from Oxford, half an hour past six : but, though it was very dusty, the wind blew it from us, and we got to our journey's end a little after ten.
“ I shall be now turning myself to the other pleasure-business; and shall not forget the kind hints, which, with so much judgment and benevolence, you were pleased to mention.
“I must not vet, though long, conclude, without returning my thanks for all favours received and intended; and adding by desire the hearty respects of all the company, jointly and severally, to you and your Fellow-travellers and Family.
" I should have troubled you with a Letter which I owed you about Christmas; but, being impatient of care, and generally inattentive as to decent writing, it wanted to be transcribed, and so was nislaid; and that you have this so soon, or fit to be seen, is through the goodness of an expert and ready writer, who offered to transcribe it; who is charmed (like me) with, and longs for a further opportunity of enjoying, your conversation. I am, Reverend Sir, your much obliged and very humble servant and admirer,
EDWARD Cave." Original Letters * of the Rev. James Hervey -4.
Mr. JAMES Hervey to his Father. “ HONOURED SIR,
Oron, Sept. 15, 1736. “ I thank you for your kind Letter, which was the more grateful to me, in that I knew I deserved, and almost expected,
* Communicated by the Pev. T. Stedman ; to whom they were given by Dr. James Stonhouse in 1772.-“ Propter virtutem et probitatem, eos quos nunquam vidimus, diligimus.” T.'s.
+ The learned and pious Author of the well-known " Meditations."
one of another kind. I thank you also for your diligence in the affair that is now in execution. Every thing has succeeded hitherto as well as can be desired. I waited on the Archdeacon (Dr. Rye) * on Tuesday: he asked me several questions in Divinity, and (blessed be the great Giver of wisdom) I was not at a loss for an answer to any of them; no, not for Latin words to express myself in. As soon as ever I came from the Doctor, there met me at my lodgings a letter from the Bishop of Peterborought; wherein my Lord informed me, that he had sent inclosed a Letter Dimissory to the Bishop of Oxford I. I immediately carried the inclosed to Dr. Rye, that he might convey it to my Lord at Cuddsdon. The Doctor opened it, and read it to me; the contents were, that his Lordship approved of my age, testimonium, and title ; and desired the favour of the Bp. of Oxford to admit me to be a Deacon of the Church of England, if he should find me qualified for that order. The Doctor was very well satisfied with every thing, and told me I had nothing to do but to get another testimonium froni College, for the satisfaction of the Bishop, who, he said, would insist upon that. This will be no hard matter to get, oniy it will cost me another half-crown. I quite forgot the money, that constant desideratuin in omnibus. I will ask again for my Caution; and, if I should be refused, I do not question but I shall be able to borrow. I do not know what I want further, besides a plentiful effusion of the blessed Spirit. You have done (you say, Sir,) your part; and I thankfully acknowledge it to be true. Only let my Father which is in Heaven do his part; I mean, let him 'give me the Holy Ghost,' not many days hence : so will I serve Him and His Church all the days of my life. Your orders about a licence shall be obeyed; I will not, unless I am compelled, (as I suppose I shall not) take one.
“ I had the honour, and indeed I may say the happiness, last week, of waiting on Lady Cox. Her Ladyship stayed in town a week, and was pleased to permit me to visit her every day;-nay, she and her two sisters condescended to walk the streets with me, and to be conducted by me thrice to Lincoln Chapel. She put me in mind of St. John's Elect Lady. You would not know her to be a Lady by any thing but her liberality. Oh! that as I have seen, so I may imitate her ineek and lowly spirit! her deadness to the world! and her great heavenly-mindedness! How amiable are thy children, thou Lord of Hosts! My soul hath a desire and longing to enter in among thy chosen ones! Yea, my heart and my flesh rejoice in expectation of that blessed day; when, freed from mortality, and purged from corruption, I shall be gathered to an innumerable company of just men made perfect.-Wonderful! before I write again, to think that I shall be ordained and constituted a servant of the most high God to minister in the most holy things. Χρισος βοηθείθω με τη νεοτηλε."
* George Rye, Fellow of Oriel College, Oxford; M. A. 1703 ; B. D. 1713; D. D. 1715; Archdeacon of Oxford 1794 ; Regius Professor of Divinity 1737. He died in July 1741. t Dr. Robert Clavering.
# Dr. John Potter.
"Pray give my duty to my mother, and to my kind kinsfolk at Weston ; my love to my brothers and sisters. My humble service to all that enquire after me; and beg of them to pray earnestly for your dutiful son,
J. Hervey." Rev. James Hervey to Dr. JAMES STONHOUSE *. “ MY DEAR FRIEND,
[Undated.] “I have read Mr. Jortint. He aggravates features ; misrepresents his opponents; and, in my opinion, mistakes the meaning, diminishes the blessing of Gospel-salvation. On such points controversy, unless it be conducted by minds free from prejudice (and where are these to be found ?) is endless. I shall only wish for him, wish for myself, and for all whom it may concern that we may always find in our breasts a will free to good ; when we are provoked to passion, a will free to exercise meekness; when we are instigated to resentment, a will free to love our bitterest enemy; when we are disappointed in our designs and afflicted in our persons, a will free to acquiesce with complacency and thankfulness. Such a will to all this, as we have to gratify our appetite, to obtain success in our schemes, and enjoy favour with our friends. Where this is found, there is liberty, the liberty of righteousness.' For my part, I have no hope to obtain it, but only in the manner which David prescribes, 0 give me the comfort of thy help, and stablish me with thy free spirit ! My very respectful and affectionate compliments attend Dr. Cotton. I wish him much of that amiable and delightful Religion, which is not meat and drink, but righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost. Beg of him, at some leisure moment, to translate for me these lines from Virgil, Æn, xii. 57 :
Et nos tela, pater, ferrumque haud debile dextra
Spargimus, et nostro sequitur de vulnere sanguis :' accommodating them to the purpose for which they are quoted in the beginning of my Eighth Dialogue. Ever yours, J. H." “MY DEAR FRIEND,
[Undated.] “ As to the matter of defending me, I think, Non est tanti. I am ten thousand times more for your conversing like a Christian on every occasion. Take all proper opportunities of glorifying your Divine Master, and spreading abroad the savour of his blessed name. It would bring dignity to your character, I am persuaded, and would command reverence even from gainsayers, if you were sometimes to make a frank declaration on this head, and act accordingly. Do not scruple to bid your patients seek to God for a blessing when they are recovered; remind them of their obligations to the Almighty Physician; they are restored to health, not for the poor purposes of eating and drinking a little more, but to acquaint themselves with Christ
Jesus, to prepare for eternity, and make their salvation sure. This would be truly
* At that time a most worthy and excellent Physician at Northampton, and afterwards a Baronet. See the “ Literary Anecdotes," vol. IX. p. 566. + Probably his “ Remarks on Ecclesiastical History.”
graceful; might do much good; and should any one find fault with this practice, he must not pretend to the piety of a Christian, he has not the Religion of an Heathen ; such an one should remember the conduct, and consider the sentiments, of your brother lapis. ""Non hæc humanis opibus, aut Arte magistra
Proveniunt ; neque te, Ænea, mea dextera servat:
Virgil, Æn. xii. 497. « « This is no mortal work, no cure of mine,
Nor art's effect, but done by hands divine:
"Tis God preserves his life for greater ends.' “ Thanks for your advice about what I recommended to your consideration : and about my own health. God has been better to me than my apprehensive heart expected. O! that, so long as I have breath, it may be employed to his honour; who forgiveth all our sins, and healeth all our infirmities; and, when he heals them not, will make them a blessing.
“Do, my dearest Friend, persist, in a prudent way, to bear your testimony for a Master, who has bought you with his very life, and intends to make you partaker of bis everlasting kingdom. If this does you or yours any real harm, reproach me with it, when we shall both stand in the presence of the whole world, and before the tribunal of our Judge.—Losing blood agreed with me; gave me spirits; and, I hope, will do me good. J. HERVEY."
* The following Epitaph is inscribed upon a large slab of plain black marble, in the Chancel of the Church of Buxted in Sussex, near the reliques of the celebrated Dr. Wotton*; whose daughter was Anne, the wife of Mild William Clarket," the Father and Mother of the worthy character recorded in this epitaph:
“ Hic . conditur Prope . relliquias .avi .sui . celeberrimi . G. WOTTON, D. D.
Quod . superest
EdvardI CLARKE, A. M.
Sub. eodem . quoque • marmore
Lecti . prius . nunc. Tumuli. Consors
Patri . Matrique.
Ponendum . curaverunt . * Of whom see "Literary Anecdotes,” IV. 253, 368. +Ib. 363. Ib. 389.
Rev. James Stanier Clarke, and tbe Edw. Dan. Clarke ; ib. 387. 389.