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« DEAR SIR, Prince's-street, near Leicester-fields, Dec. 19, 1735.
1 am very glad to find I shall have the pleasure of seeing you in January; and think the best thing in my situation to be, that I shall have an opportunity of seeing my friends, from whose conversation I receive pleasure and improvement, once a year generally. As to wealth, I hope I shall never be solicitous about it. It is necessary for me to have some business; but after that is tolerably secured, I hope and believe that I shall prefer going with the stream to labouring at the oar. In country business one's whole time is devoured in getting bread.
“ How go your Chronological affairs on? As far as I am a judge, you gentlemen who have abilities and inclination to defend Revelation ought not to be idle. There seems to be a general doubt at least of Christianity prevailing amongst all the moderately learned part of the world ; and some even of good Jearning and abilities are quite Infidels. I have no fears; but the History and Chronology of the Scriptures can never be too much studied, because the arguments of that kind, when once explained rightly, are level to all capacities; and yet so convincing, that I think nothing can resist them. I beg pardon for talking so much Divinity to you. I am, with great sincerity, D. Hartley." “ Dear DOCTOR,
Prince's-street, Jan. 1, 1735-6. “I am extremely obliged by your honest and friendly Letter. Christianity is indeed the goodly pearl of great price. I am truly satisfied; and I hope I shall always use my best endeavours to convince others of its truth and excellence. If I expressed myself so as to shew any doubts, I am sorry for it; for I have really none. But this I see, that, if the Friends of Revelation be not thoroughly upon their guard, its enemies will do a great deal of mischief, for the present at least. I have heard, since I came to town, that Sir Isaac used to say, that Infidelity would probably prevail till it had quite banished Superstition, but would then be swallowed up by the great Light and Evidence of true Religion. And I think he seems to have conjectured well upon this, no less than other matters. I shall be very glad to have the pleasure of talking over these things when you come to town. I read Locke and Newton till they made me read St. Paul, and now I like him much better than either of them, or any body else, the other sacred Writers excepted. Yours most sincerely, D. HARTLBY.”. “Dear Sir,
Jan. 6, [1735-6.] “ I am infinitely obliged to you for your kind invitation, but would not (if I cared to stir from hence) live any where without practising physic, which I should not pretend to do in a place so well provided as Stamford. I have lately read the Controversy relating to Sir Isaac's Chronology, as stated in. The Republic of Letters ;' and must needs think all the objections may be answered. I have heard that Dr. Cumberland has shewn by calculation that there might be in the world as great numbers as are represented in the Histories of the Kingdoms of Argos and Sic on,
and of the Expulsion of the Shepherds ; but have never seen it,
London, June 7, 1745, Rawthmell's Coffee
house, Henrietta-street, Corent Garden. “ Soon after my return from Ireland, I received the favour of your kind present of^ Stonehenge;' which will be a great ornament of my library, and a particular honour, as it comes from the Author ; and I do return you my hearty thanks for it.
" I am going again to Ireland, in the month of August, having the honour to wait on the Lord Lieutenant as his Domestic Chaplain. If at any time you have any commands in that country, you will do me a particular pleasure if you will honour me with them. As I hope sometimes to come to England, sol have not laid aside my thoughts of a Northern journey ; which I shall undertake with greater satisfaction, as I am sure you will favour me with all the hints you can give; and I shall not despise even Scotland, and the Orkney Islands, where I expect to meet with something curious, at least in relation to their customs and manners; and I shall be greatly obliged to you if you will mark any thing down for me which you meet with in your readingPray my compliments to your lady, and family. I am, dear Sir, your most obedient humble servant, RICHARD Pococke*. “Good DOCTOR,
Whaddon, June 10, 17 45. "This comes to enquire after your health and your Lady's. I doubt / shall not be so great a traveller as to come your way again; however, pray let me hear from you ; and vouchsafe to let me know if you are about any Antiquity-book. You have done great honour to the publick ; and no one can more benefit the learned world. I drudge on, and amuse myself. I have laboured of late about Buckinghamshire Collections, and done more than I thought I should. I also have, with good success, proceeded in my Collection of our English Coins. I shall be glad of your opinion of two books lately published in that way; tiz. Mr. Martin Leake's, Clarenceux, Nummi Britannici Historia ;' and Mr. Martin's folio · Account of our Silver Coins;' both in 1745. I have been still collecting our Town and Traders' Farthings; and as I have furnished the University of Oxford with my Cabinet of above 1200, have been making a small one of duplicates to fill my empty tables, and fain would have some of Lincolnshire. I hare not one left of the whole county, except a single picce of William Browne, of Crowland. As I enclose a frank, cannot you put me into it a Stamford, Grantham, or Boston Town or Trader's Token, or Lincoln. They will come in a Letter; or may be left at Newport Pagnel, as, I think, your Stamford newspaper comes thither. I was at Newport Pagnel
* The learned Oriental Traveller. He was at this time Archdeacon of Dublin; and in 1756 Bp. of Ossory ; translated, in 1765, first to Elpbin, and then to Meatb; and died in the same year.
fast week, and was told that an old brasier there, who had left off business, had several. I wish I could purchase them if worth it. One Blakemore, a sadler at Newport Pagnel, if left for me at his shop there, would send it me: three or four enclosed in a Frank would come safe ; and your goodness in this respect, and indulgence in pardoning this notice, will ever oblige one who is, with tender of best respects to your lady and self, and wishes of your health, and family's, good Doctor, “ Your most devoted humble servant, BROWNE Willis *." “Good Doctor,
July 14, 1745. “ I hope you got well down to Stamford, and that your lady and self are in good health, which I shall be glad to hear; and pray pardon my seconding my request about Traders' Tokens. I ihink I enclosed a frank. But cannot you send some for me to Mr. Blackmore's? If you have not opportunity of sending so, a Stamford Trader or Town Piece will come in a Letter; and pray, Doctor, favour me in this respect; who am, with tender of best respects to your lady and self and family, begging your excuse of this scrawl, your most humble servant, to com mand,
Browne Willis." “ Dear Sir,
Dublin, Jan. 5, 1747. “ After having acknowledged the favours I received from you at Stamford, I heartily congratulate you on your preferment in the Capital, by the distinguishing eye of the Duke of Montague. This must give all lovers of Learning and Antiquity a particular pleasure, as it will give you a greater opportunity of pursuing your observations, and obliging the world with them; and I hope that this is only a step to some better preferment.
I had a much more pleasant and successful journey than I could reasonably expect, considering the time of year; but the season was very fine to the last, though it was about two months after 1 left you before I came to my own house. I can give you an account of nothing in England but what you have seen, except the Pavement at Winterton, which I believe you will see engraved from Dr. Drake's drawing. I had a letter from him lately, in which he says he has been to see a third Pavement, discovered near the others since I was there; which, 1 suppose, will be engraved with the others.
“I do assure you, the part of Scotland I travelled through is very well worth seeing; the journey from Berwick, almost all the way near the sea, and the Frith, is a very pleasant ride; a great number of fine situations are seen near the sea. be assured that I was curious enough to go on the spots of Preston Pans and Falkirk. The situations of Edinburgh and Sterling, which resemble one another, are very extraordinary; and the former, especially, has a very singular appearance on account of the hills and rocks, which from the East seem almost to hang over it. The prospect from one is very pleasant in the view of the meanders of the river Forth, and from the other of
* The celebrated Antiquary. See the “ Literary Anecdotes," vol. VII. PP 469, 713.
the Frith, of the towns on the other side of it, and the islands in it. Lord Hopeton's, seven miles beyond Edinburgh, is one of the finest situations I ever beheld, on the Frith ; and the house and offices are to outward appearance very grand. Glasgow is the best laid out and best built town in the King's dominions ; and the country about the Clyde is very fine.
" When I came over to Ireland I saw the greatest natural curiosity in the world, which surpasses the account we have of it, I mean, what they call the Giant's Causeway. I have writ some account of it to a Friend, which I believe you will hear of.
"I find I had Stonehenge from you, though I forgot it! I had also Abury, and the Remarks on an Ode of Horace. I received great civilities froni Baron Clerk, and made your compliments to him. He is almost the only searcher into Antiquities I met with.
“ I shall at all times be glad of the pleasure of hearing from you; and now you are in the Capital you can never want matter for correspondence, though I may be put to it here. “ I am, with great regard,
RICHARD Pococke." “ DEAR DOCTOR,
Dublin. Jan. 3, 1754, “ This waits on you to wish you and yours many happy years.
“ I thank you for your kind present of Oriuna, and do admire the erudition of it. i hope we shall soon see Carausius. Your derivation from Ululue is very just; they call it here the Irish Pululu. - Dr. Milles has one of the Egyptian locks.
“ Your Letter of the 3d of September, 1743, came under the Archbishop of Canterbury's frank, and I heard nothing of Mr. Haleron. — It is very easy to send you all the Carausiuses in the cabinets of this kingdom, for there are none; I will look over mine, and see what I have, and give you an account of them.
"I am sure there was a colony here from Egypt, the Old Milesians from the Nomos Miletes. I take it, when the Continent was in wars in the fifth and sixth centuries, people came over to study, as to a place of quiet; but I beliere the learning was very little.-We are doing nothing here; only the County of Kerry is coming out.
“Before this year is at an end, I hope to have the pleasure of kissing your hand in England; uncertain whether I shall land in the West, or in the North, and come along the Tees, and all down the Eastern coast; any intimation from you would be very agreeable. My Western tour is to be along the Northern coast on the Bristol Channel ; and so through the heart of Wiltshire. - I am, with great regard, RicHARD PococКЕ."
“* VERY REVEREND, AND (WHAT
Sept. 21, 1734. “ This is the first moment of ability I have had, to thank you for the very great honour and favour of your calling on me. In you, the Priest excels the Samaritan; your humanity and benevolence shine, not only in your aspect and words, but your actions; as your learning and erudition are not ostentatious, but genuine, and solidly useful. - When you called, I was at my repose ; and feared also that one who attends me (I wish, you had, were it not for the trouble) would meet you.
“ I have been ill these eight weeks. My disease was from an atrabilious, hot, saline acrimony in my blood. I am liable to a cachexy, scorbutic, and jaundiced ; with eruptions in my face and head, and a Saint Antony's fire. I wish the Saint had kept his fire to himself; the flames of Saints are more mischievous than the wicked. — I have been purifying my blood by some mixture of flores sulphuris, &c. &c.
My skin is generally smooth, and myself, thank God, healthful.
I have a good stomach, but cannot rest well. I am very sure, an honest, Æsculapius would cure me soon, and no relapse. I have been reading Dr. Turner, Quincy, Fuller, and Surgey, about it: but I will not use the least mercury. J know the cause was internal, and is in the acrimonious humours, and that proper moderate physic would help; but I am a Rationalist, and love to enquire into ingredients, and no Doctors will talk reason with me. They are like Popish Priests, and demand implicit faith. I beg, dear Doctor, you would consider well this, and take my health under your guardianship. And, I have a servant, who has lived with me sixteen years, who, from an old contusion in her leg, is almost Jame. Surgeons make only johs of these things, as Physicians do. She has cost me a great deal of money; but, I doubt, she must go into the Infirmary, if she cannot come into a more summary cure, internal and external, without relapse. I wish you would be so kind and compassionate to her as to write for her. (Christ was a servant, and a physician ; and, I think, he lived upon physic. The word, in the Acts, nor is there salvation in any other, is, in the Greek, iaris, healing; and forgiving sins, was curing distempers, which were God's penalties for sins, executed by evil demons; and the word soul means the life, the person ; nay, sometimes it signifies a dead man.—This, by the bye.]—I wish I could wait on you, but my eruptions in my face are the only things that hinder my coming abroad, or into my Oratory; which always was, is, and shall be, at your service.
“ I could send a messenger to receive what you write, 'if you condescend to do it for me and iny servant. I pray God keep your most valuable health and life, and your good family. I wish you would make this (asking pardon for interrupting you so long) the object of soine mature practical reflections. I wish I was in the Church to preach for you now and then, being, with the truest veneration, Sir, your most devoted and hearty friend and servant,
J. Henley*." " Dear Sir,
Teddington, Sept. 25, 1758. “ I return you hearty thanks for so zealously interesting yourself in behalf of Mrs. St. Amand, who has for a great part of a long life been in a most distressed condition, through no fault of hers, but from an unkind husband. A gentlewoman in my house has for sereral years past given her yearly a guinea. She will now think herself very rich. Her widow-sister Warnford, • The well-known Orator ; see the "Literary Anecdotes,” vol. I. p. 384.