Studies in History, Economics, and Public Law

Cover
Columbia University Press, 1891
 

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Inhalt

Introducing uniformity in Switzerland
31
Restricting marriage
32
Summary of results
33
INFLUENCE OF LEGISLATION ON DIVORCE
41
Basis and character of conclusions 35 Two conceptions of marriage
62
36 The popularization of
63
Laxity in changing and administering the
64
Age of marriage
65
The emancipation of women
66
Growth of cities 41 Increase of industrialism
68
The spread of discontent
70
Two ideals of the family
71
THE HISTORY OF TARIFF ADMINISTRATION IN THE UNITED
The remedy
44
62
62
63
63
64
64
65
65
66
66
68
68
70
70
71
71
THE HISTORY OF MUNICIPAL OWNERSHIP OF LAND ON MAN
163
SIONERS OF THE SINKING FUND IN 1844 George Ashion
173
THE FINANCIAL HISTORY OF MASSACHUSETTS FROM THE ORGAN
247
TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE INTRODUCTION II
259
Periods of Financial History
260
THE COLONY OF MASSACHUSETTS BAY 3 Beginnings of Massachusetts 13
261
The Massachusetts Company 14
262
The Genesis of the Taxing Power 15
264
The Property Tax 17
265
Taxpayers Exemptions 19
267
Officers Difficulties 21
269
The United Colonies 22
270
Efforts toward Improvement 23
271
Further Reforms 25
273
Attempts at Equalization 26 14 Attempts at Equalization 15 Rate and Rates 27
275
The Polltax 29
277
The Reduplication of the Polltax 30
279
Indirect Taxes 32
280
The Progress of Legislation 33
281
The Systemization of Imposts 34
282
Treasurers Records 35
283
The Laxity of Officials 37
285
Administratlve Paralysis 38
288
Currency and Banking 41
289
The Colonial Mint 43
291
Woodbridges Bank 44
292
Blackwells Bank 45
293
The Colonial Finances 47
295
Causes of Instability 48
296
_Specie Payments 49
297
The surpation 50
299
The Downfall of Andros 52
300
Number of Assessors Time of Choice 64
312
Assessors Oaths 66
314
The Duties of Assessors 67
315
The Completion of the Assessment 69
317
Compensation to Assessors 71
319
General Development 72
320
Qualifications of Collectors 73
321
Duties of Collectors 75
323
Exclusive Taxes 76
324
INDIRECT TAXATION 58 The Organization of Imposts 78
326
Appointment Qualifications 79
327
Duties of Commissioners
328
Powers of Commissioners 81
329
Their Powers Increased 82
330
Commodities Taxed 84
332
English Goods 85
333
Tariff Classification 86
334
Export Duties Retaliation 87
335
The Organization of Excises 88
336
A Change of Policy 89
337
The PseudoExcises of 171016 90
338
Subordinate Excise Officers 91
339
Qualifications Oaths 92
340
Powers of Excise Officers 93
341
THE LOTTERIES 75 Private Lotteries in Massachusetts 96
344
The First Provincial Lottery 97
345
Remonstrances from England 99
347
The MilledDollar Lottery 102
350
The Canada Expedition Lottery 103
351
The Land Bank Lottery 104
352
The Abandonment of the Lottery Policy 105
353
Events Leading to its Revival 107
355
The Great Lottery of 1778 109
357
Successive Classes III
359
Late Minor Lotteries
114
Massachusetts
117
Postponement of Payment
118
Two Opposing Policies
119
GO The Policy of the Representatives I 20
120
Banking Schemes
121
An Ideal Solution
123
Effects of that Policy
124
A Project Revived
126
The Land Bank Party
127
Land Bank Troubles
128
The Land Bank Doomed
129
Inherent Evils
130
The Redemption of the Bills
131
The Transition to Loans
133
CONCLUSION 103 The Provincial Finances
136
Criticism of the Policy
137
BIBLIOGRAPHY A Original Documents 138
138
B Secondary Authorities
146

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Seite 75 - ... covering each and every outlay of whatsoever nature incident to such production, together with the expense of preparing and putting up such merchandise ready for shipment, and an addition of not less than 8 nor more than 50 per centum upon the total cost as thus ascertained...
Seite 255 - Name of the Council Established at Plymouth in the County of Devon, for the Planting, Ruling, Ordering and Governing of New England in America...
Seite 50 - ... the collector shall select one discreet and experienced merchant to be associated with one of the general appraisers wherever practicable, or two discreet and experienced merchants, citizens of the United States, familiar with the character and value of the goods in question...
Seite 131 - MOURNFUL LAMENTATION For the sad and deplorable death of Mr. Old Tenor...
Seite 40 - That in any case where suit or prosecution, civil or criminal, shall be commenced in a court of any State against any officer of the United States...
Seite 73 - ... the actual market value or wholesale price of such merchandise at the time of exportation to the United States, in the principal markets of the country from which the same has been imported...
Seite 265 - ... being inhabitants there. And that according to the different numbers which from time to time shall be found in each jurisdiction, upon a true and just account, the service of men and all charges of the...
Seite 298 - There is a general buzzing among the people, great with expectation of their old charter or they know not what : " such was the ominous message of Andros to Brockholst, with orders that the soldiers should be ready for action.
Seite 29 - That the collector shall designate on the invoice at least one package of every invoice, and one package at least of every ten packages of goods, wares, or merchandise, and a greater...
Seite 48 - The gross amount of all moneys received from whatever source for the use of the United States, except as otherwise provided in section 487 of this title, shall be paid by the officer or agent receiving the same into the Treasury, at as early a day as practicable, without any abatement or deduction on account of salary, fees, costs, charges, expenses, or claim of any description whatever.

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