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the wordle, or ył the Lord seperated the earth and the waters; for yt is said, that darknes was over the face of the whole earth, and this darknes remained after the heauens were created the space I say of 1800 yers. And the Lord made the sonn 10 governe the dai, and the mone and the stars to governe the night. And then the earth he saith was void and empty: That ther was nether tre nor herbe nor any thing ells theron; for yt was naked and bare, and the Lord bad the earth bring forth trees, herbes, and grasse, and all things necessary. And then he created beasies, fish, foulle, wormes, and divers other thinges, and put them on the earth, and in the ayer and waters.

And this was done 200 yers before Adam was created. For the biides, the beastes, the fish, the foulle, ye wormes and every thing on the earth, or in the earth necessary for man, were mad and created 200 yers before man was created, and the breath of lyfe put into him.

“ The beauens were created before Adam 2000 yeres.

“ The beasts, birds, and all other things were created 200 yers before Adam.

“ Yt is from the tyme of the creation of Lucifer ynto the year of Christ 1593, the 4 of May 15541 yers.

« Lucifer staid in glory 500 yers.

- He fell before the creation of the heauens or prima, mobile 4594 yers.

“ The heauens, as the prima mobile, watri firmamerit and christalen heaue, were created before Adam 2000 yers

6 From the creation of Adam vnto this day, viz. the , first of October, 1593, are 8537 years and almoste 6 months, for yt was created in Aprill as yt seams.


Thus ends this singular production of Simon For, man.


Art. XX. Origin of the name of Mount Caucasus.

In the sixth vol. of Researches ly the Asiatic Society, Mr. Wilford has inserted a dissertation on the origin of the name of mount Caucasus: he says “ The real name should be Casas, or Cas; for in Persian Cohor Cau signifies a mountain. Now if we should translate Coh-Cas into the Sanscrit tongue, it would be Casgiri; and actually the true name of this mountain in Sanscrit is Chasa-giri, that is, the mountain of the Chasas, a most antient and powerfull tribe, who inhabited this immense range of mountains, extending even from the eastern limits of India not only to Persia, but probably as far as to the Euxine sea. They are often mentioned in the sacred books of the Hindus; and their descendants still inhabit the same mountainous regions, and are called to this day Chasas and in some places Cossais. The Greeks also mention the mountains of Persia as inhabited by Cossæi, Cussezi, and Cissii: the Caspian sea also, and its adjacent mount Caucasus, were probably denominated from them. In the language of the Calmuc Tartars, C'hasu signifies snow. This name of C'hasa-giri is now confined to a few spots, and that imn ense range is constantly called in Sanscrit, Himachel, i.e. snowy mountain, and Himalaya, the abode of Snow; whence the Greeks formed their name of one part of that range Imaus." Etymology is little better than the art of conjecturing; happily, however, it has sonie use ; for while it amuses


some, it contributes to preserve relics of antiquity, which might otherwise be altogether lost. Now as Mr. Wilford conceives Caucasus to be a compound of two words, I do not dispute but he may be right with respect to the origin of the last half of it; yet as I do not conceive the sacred books of the Hindus to be so antient as he may suppose, and as the name of Asia for that part of the globe is certainly antient, it seems possible, that Chasas might mean only Asiatics, and that the Hindus gave that name of C’hasas to all Scythians, and other western Asiatic tribes, who possessed themselves at different times of different mountainous tracts on the north of India : for that the Hin. dus considered themselves as included within that district called by the Greeks Asia does not appear. But certainly we never heard of this ancient and powerful tribe before; and whether they gave name to Asia or Asia to them is a matter of doubt; or whether both were derived from C'hasu, snow, or from any other source, such as Bochart has given.

What I most doubt of, therefore, is the origin of the first half of Caucasus. It is indeed true that Coh does in Persian mean a mountain, which is sometimes mollified into Cuh: thus Gotius thinks, that Kuhi stan, a part of Persia, is not derived from a colony of Arabs or Chusites settling there on the east side of the Euphrates, but “a communi montium nomine Kuhi et stan regio," p. 195 not. in alfergan; it being a mountainous province. Now as the name of Caucasus was confined to that portion of the mountainous range between the Euxine and Caspian sea, while the more eastern portions were called Imaus mons, or Riphai, and by other names, one may rather presume that the name

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in question arose from some circumstance peculiar to that mountainous portion, rather than from such a general word coh, as eqnally well suited any other mountain or portion of that enormous range. apprehend, then, that the C' forned one part of the first half of Caucasus, i. e, Cauc-asus, or else was doubled, as Cauc-casus; and that Bayer bas unintentionally pointed out both the property itself and the original name of it, out of which the Greeks formed the word Cauc, as the name of the mountain. In the acts of the Academy at Petersburgh, Bayer inserted a tract de Scythiæ situ, in which he has these words, “Herodotus ad occidentem Caspii maris Caucasum collocat, ad orientem vero immensam planitiem : hæc planities cclebratissima est apud Arabes Persasque scriptores nomine Kaphgjak et Dascht quod planitiem significat." Now as quod refers to nomen, I presume that the first word means planities as well as the second; but whether Kaphg-ia be a single word, or two, may admit of some doubt; however, either way it may be the origin of the Greek Kauc, and also of the Hebrew name Gog. But it is not merely on the east side of the Caspian sca, that an immense plain is extended of a desert nature, for that sea is quite surrounded by immense plains, except on the south side by a range of hills dividing those desert plains from the inhabited parts of Asia. A vast extent of plains also surrounds Astracan on the north of that sea, called the Step, and the same on the west of it, called the desert of Astracan; the whole frequented only by roving hordes of Scythians, formerly and now Tartars, who occasionally depasture on any fertile parts of it. This western desert extends quite to the sea of Asof, or Palus Mæotis,


and ranges along the whole sides of mount Caucasus on the north close to the foot of it. We can little doubt, then, but this western plain had obtained the same name Kaphgjak as the eastern one. Bayer doubtless has tried to express the Tartarian and Persian pronunciation of this word as nearly as he could ir Roman letters; but it is well known that in those languages there are indistinct sounds of a guttural and aspirated kind, which no Roman letters can perfectly express: and this possibly is the cause of that assemblage of consonants phgj in the middle, the full pronunciation of which the Greeks would be scarcely bold enough to attempt, or able to do it with safety to their teeth; they would therefore naturally soften it into Kauc, just as they softened other oriental aspirates into $, %, or 0.

What the Jews also might pronounce with G hard, as in Gog, the Greeks miglit soften into Kauc. Thus Bayer may have given us the original word, which has been thus corrupted in both cases, together with the true meaning of it. And it may have been these immense, and as Bayer says celebrated, plains, to which this mountain was contiguous, that was the distinguishing property, which gave rise to the name of this portion of the long range of mountains running from west to east, and to the inhabitants of it, as well as to the mountain itself: for, although the plains were little habitable, yet the vallies at the foot of the moun. tain on both sides were very feriile, and full of the same race of men, who occasionally roved over those plains on the north side of it. Stephanus, an ancient Greek author, expressly says, that the inhabited di-tr.ct on the south side was called Gogarena. “ Gogareni est locus inter Colchos et Iberos orientales.” iberia was


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