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well, and the Lord Deputy Ireton, to the sererall Peers and Trades of each Regiment.”
21. “An Act for turning all Lawes into English, with a short Abridgment for such new Lawyers as cannot write and read."
48. A Confutation of Geographers, who said we of this Island were Antipodes to none, though we tread contrary to all the world."
109. “ Bellum Grammaticale. That Parliamentdome, Counceldome, Committeedome, or Sword-dome, are better words than Christendome or Kingdome.”
121. “An Act for constituting six new Heraulds, in regard the old ones cannot blazon the Armes of divers new honourable Oficers of State."
150. “ The Archbishop of Canterbury's Triall, writt by !Villiam Prynn, declaring all the Archbishop spake or did before he was borne, and since bis Buriall; being the gth Tome of Master Prynn's Works.” Birmingham.
ART. XII. Bibliotheca Militum : or the Souldier's
Publick Library. Lately erected for the Benefit of all that love the Good Old Cause, at Wallingford House, and already furnished with diverse excellent Treatises herein mentioned. London: Printed in the year 1659. 4to. 6 pages.
This pamphlet bears a similar complexion with the last, and, like it, may be dismissed with a few extracts.
8. “ Patience per force: or a medicine for a mad dog; treating of the infallible virtue of necessity: by the aforesaid author” (Richd. Cromwell, Esq)
13. “ Hey-te-Tyte, or to morrow-morning I found an Horse-shoe; being an excellent discourse concerning Government, with some sober and practical expedients, modestly proposed and written by James Harrington.” Birmingham.
Art. XIII. A Voyage to the South Sea, and along
the Coasts of Chili and Peru, in the years 1712, 1713, and 1714. Particularly descriling the genius and constitution of the inhabitants, as well Indians as Spaniards: their customs and manners; their Natural History, mines, commodities, traffick with Furope, &c. by Monsieur Frezier, Engineer in ordinary to the French King. Illustrated with 37 copper cuts of the Coasts, Harlours, Cities, Plants, and other curiosities. Printed from the author's original plates inserted in the Paris Edition. With a Postcript by Dr. Edmund Halley, Suvilian Professor of Geometry in the University of Oxford. And an account of the Settlement, Commerce, and Riches of the Jesuites in Paraguay. London. Printed for Jonah Bouyer, at the Rose in Ludgate Street. MDCCXVII. 4to. pp. 335, besides Preface and Index.
This is a book, of which, at the present monient, it may be seasonable to revive the notice.
Louis XIV. having been at a vast expense to support his grandson upon the throne of Spain, thought this a proper opportunity of getting a full information of the least known parts of the Spanish West-Indies,
before the French, as well as all other nations, should be excluded those seas by a peace. For this end, he pitched upon our author, an experienced Engineer and mathematician in his service, whom he knew to be every way qualified to make Hydrographical Observations for the use of Mariners, and for the correction of the Charts; and also to take exact plans of the most considerable Ports and Fortresses along the Coasts whither he was going; to direct to their best anchorages, and to point out their respective dangers. He sent him at his own charge on board a merchant-ship, in 1712, to pass as a trader only, the better to insinuate himself with the Spanish Governors, and to have all opportunities of learning their strength, and whatever else he went to be informed of. Monsieur Frezier executed this plan to the King's entire approbation. He says, in the dedication to the Duke of Orleans, (for the King was dead before the book appeared) “it is a collection of the observations which he made in navigation, on the errors of the maps, and the situation of the harbours and roads he had been in; together with a description of the animals, plants, fruits, metals, and whatsoever the carth produces of curious in the richest colonies of the world; and lastly, a most exact account of the commerce, forces, government, and manners, as well of the Creolian Spaniards, as of the patives of the country, whom he treats with all the respect which is due to truth."
The author says his principal “business was to take plans, and to bring the navigators acquainted with the seasons, general winds, currents, rocks, shelves, anchorages, and landing-places, wherever he came." There are excellent plans of Callao, Lima, and most
of the principal ports on the Continent of SouthAmerica. But no chart of the River La Plata, and its shores, which he never entered.
One objection,” says the translator, “ does indeed lie against Monsieur Frezier, arising perhaps from his ambition to be thought to correct the General Seachart of our countryman, Dr. Halley; but besides that the reputation of this chart is established by the experience of our navigators in most voyages, beyond the powers of Monsieur Frezier to hurt it, we must remember that our author is a Frenchman; and therefore we need give no further account of their difference, than is contained in the letter, which Dr. Halley wrote to the publisher on the occasion.”
Letter of Dr. Halley.
April 6, 1917 “ I am glad to hear you have undertaken to print, in English, the voyage of Mr. Frezier to and from the Çoasts of Peru and Chili. Our people are very much unacquainted with those seas; and those that are, commonly want either will or language to inform the world properly of what they find worth notice, and of what may be of use to those that shall hereafter make the like voyages. The French have the faculty of setting off their relations to the best advantage; and particularly your author has informed us, in a very instructive manner, of several things, that are not only very entertaining, but also what may be of eminent service to us, either in case of trade or war in the seas he describes. On this account, I cannot doubt but your design must answer your expectation, especially VOL. IV.
since you bestow on the book so elegant an edition. But however it may have pleased me in other respects, I find myself obliged to desire of you the liberty to subjoin a small postscript in defence of my chart of the variation of the compass (whereby I hoped I had done service to the sailors of all nations) against the groundless exceptions of your author, who seems to seek all occasions to find fault, and is otherwise unjust
If you please to grant me this favour, you, will, without any prejudice to yourself, very much oblige “ Your very humble servant,
EDM. HALLEY." To Mr. Jonah Bowyer.
ART. XIV. A Relation of a Journey begun An. Dom.
1610. Foure Bookes, containing a description of the Turkish Empire of Egypt, of the Holy Land, of the remote parts of Italy, and Islands adjoyning. The Third Edition. London. Printed for Ro. Allot. 1627.
The first edition was in 1615; others in 1621, 1632 1652, 1658, 1670, 1673.
Art. XV. A Relation of some years Travels into
Africa and the Greater Asia, especially the territories of the Persian Monarchy, and some parts of the Oriental Indies and Isles adjacent. London. 1634, 1638, c. 1677.