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Art. 29. A Complete Body of Heraldry, &'c. &c. By Joseph Edmondson, F.S.A. Mowbray Herald Extraordinary. 1750 Two Vols. Fol.

The.first of these volumes contains an elaborate Historical Enquiry into the origin of Armories, and the Rise and Progress of Heraldry, considered as a science. The second consists of an Alphabet of Arms, which includes upwards of 50,000 coats. In the first the author is supposed to have had the assistance of the late Sir Joseph Ayloffe, Bart. F.A.S. a learned antiquary.

Among much curious matter, he is very severe on the mode of constructing new coats, which, owing to the predominance of one or two ignorant and stupid Heralds, has of late years obtained in the College of Arms.

“ Modern heralds” says he, “ have stuffed several of the new-purchased coats, with such a multitude and variety of charges,

and introduced such a medley of new and extraor: dinary bearings, that the escutcheons become crowded, confused and unseemly, and consequently are inadequate to the purposes for which coat-armour was originally instituted; nay the descriptions which they give us of those very arms are so loose and defective, that such arms cannot with certainty and exactness be drawn from their blazon, as they stand worded in the grants.

“ It may be difficult to ascertain the reasons which have induced our modern heralds to deviate from their predecessors in thus forming of arms. Possibly they are desirous of giving good pennyworths, and think that as purchasers now pay forly guineas for a grant of arms, the coat ought to be fuller, and to contain a greater number of bearings, than are placed in those coats, which were granted when the expenses of obtaining them amounted to no more than fire guineas. That this practice of filling arms to oblige the purchaser, and the defective descriptions given of the seve

ral charges they contain, puts it out of the power even of a very good berald to draw new arms from their blazons is evident." &c,

“ Allusive arms, which are often like Rebuses, should be very cautiously admitted ; and should never be granted as memorials of common events; but only as tesseræ of some very particular and important personal valour, or transaction, whereby either the Crown, or the public had been benefited. How then could we approve of a grant of arms, wherein we should find, a troubled ocean, with Neptune rising therefrom, and holding in his hand part of the wreck of a ship, in order to indicate that the grantee had been cast away in a ship, and in great danger of being drowned !!!"*

Art. 30. Inquiries into the Origin and Progress of Heraldry, &c. By James Dallaway, A.M. 1793, 4to.

Art. 31. A Summary View of Heraldry, in Reference to the Usages of Chivalry, and the general Economy of the Feudal System; with an Appendix respecting such distinctions of Rank, as have place in the British Constitution. By Thomas Brydson, F.A.S. Edinb.-- Edinburgh, Printed for Mundell and Son. 1795. 8vo. pp. 319.

I am informed that this book, for I am not acquainted with it myself, is a work of uncommon ingenuity; and deserves to be called “the Philosophy of Heraldry." And I

I have often heard the present Garter blamed and ridiculed for the strange and absurd coats of this sort, which he has granted--but it seems he is not to be censured--for he only does, as he would be done by- as this is the very coat which some years ago he granted to himself under the following description : "A. a Neptune crowned with an eastern crown of gold, bis trident sab. beaded or, issuing from a stormy occare ibe left band grasping i be bead of a sbip's mast, appearing above the waves, as part of a wreck, all proper; on a chief azure, the arctic pular star of ibe first, between two water bougets of the second. Graned to Issac Heard, Lancaster He ald, 1763." To be sure these are more like hieroglyphics than arms! Ταμ. 111.



farther learn, that the author is about to republish it with large additions.

For this reason I will venture to borrow some extracts from the account given of it by the British Critic (Vol. VII.) p. 247,) because that account was written by one whose authority is decisive on the subject.

The Critic says, “ It may perhaps be but justice to declare, that the ingenious author of the work has comprized, in the space of an 8vo. volume, all that is worthy of general promulgation on the subject of Heraldry. To those superficial students of the science, who mean to content themselves with blazoning arms and sketching pedigrees, his book will be useless. It will neither enable them to detect the owner of a single coach; nor will it add one alliance to their store of genealogical information; but the historian and the poet, nay the lawyer and the politician, will peruse it with pleasure, while the most careless reader, who, pursuing none of the regular paths of literature, steps occasionally into all, will be equally gratified and surprized when he finds that heraldry has some relation to all sciences, is connected with every branch of civil polity, and influences in a considerable degree the general manners of society."

**** “ It is a pleasing circumstance to find elegance and Jiberal information thus happily connected with a science usually perplexed, as Heraldry is, by technical terms and grotesque figures. Mr. Brydson's book may be recommended to intelligent readers of all descriptions, who will find in it much that is amusing and instructive, without any unpleasing mixture." *

A. Wood mentions a book of Heraldry, 1682, 8vo. by Payne Fisher. This author died 2 April, 1693.


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Art. 32. The Worthy Tract of Paulus Jovius, contayning a Discourse of rare inventions; both military and amorous, called Imprese; whereunto is added a Preface contayning the Arte of composing them, with many other notable devises. By Samuel Daniell, late Student in Oxenforde, London, Printed by Simon Waterson, 1585, 8vo.

Art. 33. Blome's Art of Heraldry, 1685, 12mo.

Art. XXXI. Brief Biographical Notices.


19. MRS. WRIGHT, (Poetess.)

(Extracted from a MS. Letter of Mr. Wm. Duncombe, to Mrs. Elizabetade

Carter, 1752.)

“ You desire some account of Mrs. Wright. She was sister to Sam. Charles, and John Wesley. The first was Under-Master at Westminster School, and died Master of Tiverton School in Devonshire. Charles and John are eminent preachers among the Methodists. If you have read the Bishop of Exeter's Letter to the former of them, Charles, you will not think very favourably of his morals. Her father also was a clergyman, and author of a poem, called the Life of Christ. It is a pious book, but bears no character as a poem. But we have a volume of poems in quarto by Sam. Wesley, whieh are ingenious and entertaining. He had an e cellent knack at telling a tale in verse.

I suppose you must have seen them. I think she told me that her father had 18 children, if Y 2


tot more, who lived to be men and women. Mr. Highmore, who knew her when she was young, told me she was very handsome. When I saw her, she was in a languishing way, and had no remains of beauty, except a lively piercing eye. She was very unfortunate, as you will find by her poems; which are written with great delicacy; but so tender and affecting, they can scarce be read without tears. She had an uncle a physician, and a man midwife, with whom she was a favourite. In her bloom he used to take her with him to Bath and Tunbridge, &c. And she has done justice to his memory in an excellent poem.

“Mr. Wright, her husband, is my plumber, and lives in this street; an honest laborious man, but by no means a fit husband for such a woman.

He was but a journeyman, when she married him; but set up with the fortune left her by her uncle. She has been dead two or three years. On my asking, if she had any child living, she replied, "I have had several; but the white lead killed them all.' She was then just come from Bristol, and was very weak.

How, Madam,' said I, could you bear the fatigue of so long a journey?' We had a coach of our own,' said she, ' and took short stages; besides, I had the King with me!' - The King! I suppose you mean a person, whose name is King !'— No; I mean my brother Charles, the King of the Methodists!'-This looked like a spice of lunacy.

“She told me, that she had long ardently wished for death; "and the rather,' said she, because we, (the Methodists) always die in transports of joy!' I



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