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useful litte book, forming such a guide as is desirable in every art and science. It would have been still better, had it contained a few remarks, and given, sometimes at least, characters as well as titles. I believe it to be by no means of common occurrence. See farther Gent. Mag. ut supr.

p. 322.

Art. 23.

The Academy of Armory, or a Storchouse of Armrry and Blazon. Containing the several variety of created. Beings, and how born in coats of arms, both Foreign and Domestic. With the instruments used in all trades and sciences, together with their terms of Art; also the etymologies, definitions, and historical ol'servations on the same, explicated and erolained according to our modern language. Very useful for all gentlemen, scholars, divines, and all such as desire any knowlege in arts and sciences.

.“ Every man shall camp by his standard, and under the ensign of his father's house."

Numb. ii. 2. “ Put on the whole armour of God, that you may be able to stand against the assaults of the Devil; above all take the shield of Faith." Ephes, vi. 11, 16. By Randle Holme, of the City of Chester, Gentleman Sewer in Extraordinary to his late Majesty King Charles II. And sometimes Deputy for the King of Arms, Chester. Printed for the Author. 1678. Fol, pp. 1105. See Gent. Mag. Vol. LXII.

p. 715, 523.

Art. 24. Introductio ad Latinam Blasoniam. An Essay to a more correct Blazon in Latine than hath formerly been used. Collected out of approved modern authors, and describing the arms of all the kingdoms of Europe and of many of the greatest princes and Potentates thereof: together with many other illustrious and ancient Houses both of England, and other Countries. No work of this nature extant in our


English tongue, nor, falsit gloriari) of its method and circumstances in any foreign language whatsoever. Authore Johanne Gibbono, Armorum Servilo, quem a Mantelio vocant Cæruleo.* London. Printed by J. M. for the author, and are to be sold by J. Crump at the Three Bibles in St. Paul's Churchyard ly B. Billingsley at the printing press in Cornhill near the Royal Exchange; and by A. Churchill at the Black Swan in Ave-Mary Lane, 1682. 8vo. pp. 168, besides preface, &c.

John Gibbon was of the same family with the celebrated Historian. See Gent. Mag. ut supr. p. 523.

Art. 25. The ancient usage in bearing of such Ensigns of Honour, as are commonly called Arms. With a Catalogue of the present Nobility and Baronets of England. By Sir Wil. liam Dugdale Kt. Garter Principal King of Arms. To which is added a Catalogue of the present Mobility of Scotland and Ireland, Esc. The second edition corrected. Orford. Printed at the Theater for Moses Pitt, and sold by Samuel Smith at the Prince's Arms in St. Paul's Churchyard, London. 1682. Duod. pp. 193.

This instructive little book contains the republication of Wyrley's very valuable tract on the same subject, and is followed by extracts not only from Camden and Spelman, but from a MS. Discourse “ De origine et antiquitate Armorum” by Robert Glover, Somerset Herald, “ whose great abilities in this kind of learning," says Dugdale, “I cannot sufficiently extol; his most elaborate and judicious work, entitled The Catalogue of Honour, published after bis death by Mr. Thomas Milles, his executor, in 1610; and the voJuminous collections from our public records, and sundry choice old manuscripts, as also from original charters, and



evidences of note, which I myself have seen, but which are now dispersed into sundry hands, sufficiently setting forth his great abilities therein."

Art. 26. " A Synopsis of Heraldry; &c. with coats of nobility and gentry." London. Prinsed for L. Curtis, near Fleetbridge, and T. Simmons at the Princes Arms in Ludgate Street. 1682. duod.

This was the predecessor to those pocket introductions to Heraldry, which almost every year now produces in the booksellers' shops in London.*

Art. 27. An Essay of the ancient and modern use of Ara mories; shewing their origin, definition, and division of them into their several species. The Method of composing them, and marshalling many coats together in one shield. Illustrated by many examples and sculptures of the armorial ensigns of noble families in this and other nations. To which is added an index, explaining the terms of Blazon made use of

in this essay.

In perpetuum per Gloriam vivere Intelliguntur. D. JUSTINIAN. By Alexander Nislet, Gent. London. Printed and sold by A. Bell in Cornhill, R. Robinson in St. Paul's Churchyard, W. Taylor in Paternoster-Row, J. Graves in Pall Mall, and F. Clay without Temple Bar. 1718. 4to. pp. 240.

A very learned and satisfactory treatise, full of curious research, and sound historical knowledge. This was published preparatory to the author's very copious Treatise of Heraldry Speculative and Practical in two volumes Folio, 1722; which having become very scarce was lately reprinted.

Sir George Mackenzie published a learned Treatise of Precedency as Edinburgh, 1680, with another of Heraldry.


The author says also in his Preface that he had many years before given to the public “ An Essay on additional figures and marks of Cadency," the most intricate part of the science, of which he“ may say without vanity, that nothing of this nature so perfect had been hitherto published.”

Art. 28. London and Middleser illustrated; ly a true and explicit account of the names, residence, genealogy, and coat-armour of the nobility, principal merchants, and other eminent families, trading within the precincts of this most opulent city and county: (the eye of the universe:) all blazoned in their proper colours, with references thereunto : sheuing in what manuscript looks, or other original records of the Herald's Office, the right of each person, respectively, may be found. Now first published. In justification of the subscrie bers, and others who have been encouragers of the new map of London and Middlesex, whose arms are engraved therein: ared at the same time to obviate the symbolical or heraldrical mystery, so industriously circulated ly some heralds, that trade and gentility are incompatible, until rectified in blood by the Sovereign touch of Garter King of Arms's Sceptre. By John WVurburton, Esq. Somerset Herald, F.R.S.

Spe labor levis. London. Printed by C. and J. Ackers in St. John's Street for the author, and sold by R. Baldwin, Junr. at the Rose in Paternoster-row, 1749. Svo. pp. 163.

This publication originated from a command of the Deputy Earl Marshal (at the instigation of Mr. Anstis, Garter,) to Warburton, to prove the right of each person to the arms ascribed to him in the author's Map of London and Middlesex; "it baving been," says he," maliciously and unjustly represented to the Earl Marshal, that the greatest part of those 500 coats of arms, were either fico


titions; and without owners; or otherwise not the right of the persons to whom they are ascribed.

“ It is well known,” he adds, " thai the citizens of Lon-' don consist chiefly of descendants from the younger sons of the best families in the kingdom, And as the ancientest arms are the most difficult to be proved, occasioned by their evidences being lost or destroyed, it is no wonder, that so many of them at this time, are necessitated (in obedience to the Earl Marshal's authority and power) to apply for grants of new arms; as the difficulty of joining themselves to their old family stock, through the want of Visitations, often proves more expensive to them. I mention this the more particularly, to shew the absolute necessity there now is for a revival of Visitations of Counties, by the Heralds, as of old: an affair indeed worthy of the Legislature's regard, as the rights of inheritance, to all estates, are more or less affected by it. And this want is at present so great in many counties, that notwithstanding a person's right may be ever so good to the coat-armour or genealogy of his ancestors, it is not possible to make the same appear to the satisfaction of any law, or other judicial, court, by the Register-Books of the Herald's-College.

Some counties, particularly Devonshire and Cornwall, have not been visited since the year 1620; being near one hundred and thirty years; others not for one hundred; and in a few years more, if some speedy expedient is not found out to prevent it, time will terminate all proofs to family arms and pedigrees, and also bury in oblivion the births, marriages, issues, and deaths, of all distinguished families in the kingdom; and consequently, their rights of inheritance to their paternal and maternal estates.”

It has not been my intention to pursue the list of heraldric writers regularly below the reign of Charles II, I shall now add only one or two modern works, too well known to be dwelt upon,


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