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These having been printed An. 46, 48, 49, and very scarce and difficult to procure, were thought fit to be reprinted for public service.

“ As to the letter, which gives an account of Mr. Lenthal's carriage and behaviour on his death-bed, it was twice printed An. 62, and the truth of it atrested by the learned Dr. Dickenson, now living in St. Martin's Lane," &c.

Herbert's Memoirs end at p. 150, then begins The

Relation which Major Huntington made to me Sir William Dugdale, Knight, Garter Principal King of Arms, in the month of June, Anno 1679, of sundry particulars relating to King Charles I. of blessed memory.This ends at p. 163.

Then follows “A Narrative made by Mr. Edward

Cooke of Highnam, in the county of Gloucesler, who was Colonel of a Regiment under Oliver Cromwell then called Protector, containing certain passages relating to our late Sovereign King Charles I. of blessed memory, which happened at Newport in the

Isle of Wight, upon the 29th of Nov. Anno 1648. Aç p. 185 begins “ The copy of a Letter to Sir George

Lane, Knight, Secretary to the Duke of 'Ormond, written by Mr. Thomas Firebrace, Clerk of the Kitchen to his Majesty King Charles II. containing a narrative of certain particulars relating to his Majesty King Charles I. during the time that he attended on his Majesty at Newpori, in the Isle of Wight, Anno 1648, which letter beareth date at Whitehall, July 21, 1675."

Next is at p. 201, “ An Answer sent to the Ecclesi,

astical Assembly at London, by the reverend, noble, and learned man, John Deodate, the famous professor of Divinity, and most vigilant pastor of Geneva. Translated out of Latin into English,"

First printed at Geneva 1646. Then at p. 223, The Declaration of Mr. Alexander

Henderson, principal Minister of the Word of God at Edinburgh, and Chief Commissioner from the Kirk of Scotland to the Parliament and Synod of England, made upon his death-bed.First printed 1648.

At p. 241 is The Princely Pelican. Royal Resolves

presented in sundry choice observations extracted from his Majesty's Divine Meditations. With satisfactory reasons to the whole kingdom, that his sacred person was the only author of them.” First

printed 1649. Lastly, at p. 300,“ Speaker Lenthal, his Death-bed


ART. XI. Memoirs of the inost material Transac

tions in England for the last Hundred years preceding the Revolution in 1688. By James Welwood, M.D. Fellow of the Colledge of Physicians, London.-London. 1700. 8vo.

Art. XII. A Detection of the Court and State of

Englund during i he reigns of K. James I. Charles I.
Charles II. and James II. as also the Inter-regnum.
Consisting of private Memoirs, &c. with observa-



tions and reflections. Wherein are many secrets. never before mude public: as also a more impartial account of the Civil Wars in Engiand, than hus yet been given. By Roger Coke, Esq. The fourth edition, continued through the reigns of King William and Queen Mary, and to the death of Queen Anne. In thrce volumes. London, Printed for J. Brotherton and W. Meadow's, at the Black Bull in Cornhill. 1719. Svo. First printed in 2 vols. 1697.

Art. XIII. The Secret History of White-hall, from

the Restoration of Charles II. down to the abdication of the late K. James. Writ at the request of a noble Lord, and conveyed to him in letters, by

lalc Secretary-Interpreter to the Marquess of Louvois, who by that means had the perusal of all the private minutes between England and France for many years. The whole consisting of Secret Memoirs, which have hitherto lain concealed, as not being discoverable by any other hand. Pullish'd from the original papers. By D. Jones, Gent. London. Printed and are to le sold by R. Baldwin, near the Oxford Arms Inn in Warwick Lane, 1697. Svp. 2 vols in one, PP. 144 and 110.

James Welwood, M. D. was born at Edinburgh 1652, and educated at Glasgow; after which he spent some years at Leyden in the study of physic, and came over with King William at the Revolution. He then settled at Edinburgh, being appointed one of the King's Physicians for Scotland. He died 1716. He was strongly attached to republican principles, as suf


ficiently appears in his Memoirs, which are otherwise well written. * Roger Coke was grandson of Lord Chief Justice Sir Edward Coke, by his fourth son. He had his education at Cambridge, became well versed in several parts of learning, and wrote a Treatise against Hobbs’s Leviathan. He afterwards engaged in commerce, but excelled more in the theory than the practice; for he fell into distresses; and retained little more for his support than an annuity of an hundred pounds a year paid out of the family estate; so that he lived for some years within the rules of the Fleet, and died single about the 77th year of

his age. +

It has been remarked, that Coke's and Daniel Jones's volumes contain " a sort of sccret history, engaging to an Englishman, naturally inquisitive, curious, and greedy of scandal.” I

Art. XIV. Modern Heraldry.


I heartily agree with you in reprobating that miserable want of judgment in heraldry, which is discovered in most of the arms invented of late


It was in the reign of Henry the Eighth, when new faniilies began to spring up like mushrooms, that the ancient simplicity of armorial ensigns began to be disregarded by the heralds, and numerous colours and

* Biogr. Dict. XV. 233. † Apology to the Reader be ole the 4th Edit. of his Detection. Du Fres!oy's Method of study.n, Histery, by Ruwinson, 11. 4;6.


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charges were first blended together in the same shield with ingenious intricacy. But it has been reserved for the present venerable head of the College of Arms to introduce landscape and seascape into the shields designed to commemorate deeds of valour and heroism; and he has done it with most admired success. Indeed few heralds have displayed greater variety of fancy, and a more coquettish temper in armoury, than that gentleman: who (if I am not misinformed) has changed his own coat two or three times, in humble hope, no doubt, of inspiring a similar restlessness of humour in others, and of thereby bringing an additional quantity of grist to his mill.

I also agree with you in reprobating the effrontery, with which the heralds have maintained, and continue to maintain, that no arms are of authority which have not been registered amongst their own archives. If this doctrine were just, the consequence would be that arms, of comparatively modern invention, are of better authority than those which a man and his ancestors have borne, from time before the existence of the College of Arms, and for time immemorial, supported by the evidence of ancient seals, funeral monuments, and other authentic documents. Surely this is grossly absurd, and the more absurd if we consider that the heralds seem originally not to have been instituted for the manufacturing of armorial ensigns, but for the recording those ensigns, which had been borne by men of honourable lineage, and which might therefore be borne by their posterity.

Perhaps it would not be too much to presume that it will be found, on inquiry, that there are no grants

of arıns by the English heralds of any very high antiquity,


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