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As biography is a species of history which records the lives and characters of remarkable persons, it consequently becomes an interesting subject, and is of general utility. It would be but fair to assert, that almost every civilized nation on the globe has, at one period or other, produced «Listinguished individuals in various stations of life.
Mr. Jefferson, the President of the United States of America, in his “ Notes on Virginia," thus speaks in answer to the assertion of the Abbé Raynal, that “ America has not yet produced one good poet, one able mathematician, one man of genius, in a single art, or a single science."-"When we shall have existed as a nation,” says Mr. J. “ as long as the Greeks did before they produced a Homer, the Romans a Virgil, the French a Racine and Voltaire, the English a Shakespeare and Milton, should this reproach be still true, we will inquire from what unfriendly causes it has proceeded, that the other coun. tries of Europe and quarters of the earth shall not have inscribed any name in the roll of poets. In war we have produced a Washington, whose memory will be adored while liberty shall have votaries; whose name will triumph over time, and will in future ages assume its just station among the most celebrated worthies of the world, when that wretched philosophy shall be forgotten which would arrange him among
the degeneracies of
physics, produced, a: FRANKLIN, than whom no one of presenta
has made more important iliscoveries, nor has enriched philosophy, with möre, or more ingenious solutions of the phenomena of nature. We have supposed .Nr. Rittenhouse second to no astronomer living 3 thát in genius he must be the first, bej cause he is self-taught,”. &č:
In philosophy, England can boast of a Bacon, the most eminent professor in this science the world has : ever produced. The Essays of this great writer, is one of the best probfs we can adduce of his transcen- . dent abilities:; and America " claims. the enlightened... FRANKLIN, a man who has not left his equal behind him, and whose Life and Writings are the subject of the following sheets. 1.5.
To say more in this place of our Author, would be anticipating what is hereafter mentioned: it will therefore only be necessary to add, that due attention: has been paid in the selection of such of his produc-. tions as may be adapted to general perusal. The following letter from the celebrated Dr. Price to a gentleman in Philadelphia, upon the subject of Dr. Franklin's memoirs of his own life, will not, it is presumed, be considered inapplicable.
“I am hardly able to tell you how kindly I take the letters with which you favour me. Your last, containing an account of the death of our excellent: friend, Dr. Franklin, and the circumstances attending
deserves my particular gratitude. The account :which he has left of his life will shew, in a striking.exe ample, how a man, by talents, industry, an integrity;
may rise from obscurity to the first eminence and consequence in the world ; but it brings his history no lower than the year 1757, and I understand that since he sent over the copy, which I have read, he has been able to make no additions to it. It is with a melancholy regret that I think of his death ; but to death we are all bound by the irrevocable order of nature, and in looking forward to it, there is comfort in being able to reflect—that we have not lived in vain, and that all the useful and virtuous shall meet in a better country beyond the grave.
“ Dr. Franklin, in the last letter I received from him, after mentioning his age and infirmities, observes, that it has been kindly ordered by the Author of Nature, that, as we draw nearer the conclusion of life, we are furnished with more helps to wean us from it, amongst which one of the strongest is the loss of dear friends. I was delighted with the account you gave in your letter of the honour shewn to his memory at Philadelphia, and by Congress; and yesterday I received a high additional pleasure by being informed that the National Assembly of France had determined to go into mourning for him.- What a glorious scene is opened there ! The annals of the world furnish no parallel to it. One of the honours of our departed friend is, that he has contributed much to it.
I am, with great respect,
To the late Dr. Mather, of Boston