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The Oxford Magazine;

For SEPTEMBER, 1768. » ■ *

The Rising of the inferior Clergy, to demand an Increase of Wages.
[With a curious Cgpper-plate annexed.]

WHEN we were informed of t9 fast themselves. Besides, nothing the Rising of the sailors, coal- can Ihew the sincerity of their zeal heavers, and journeymen taylors, the more, than when they receive noreport gained ground, because it thing, or next to nothing, for their seemed somewhat probable. But labours. Their patrons, as they call when we are acquainted that the in- them, do nothing, but yet receive ferior clergy, or journeymen parsons, immense revenues; but all their panave thoughts of Rising too, the thing trons receive, is nothing else but moappears with the greatest air of un- ttey: are not they then far better truth; and, in the words of lord than their masters? They receive no B—re, is both a moral and a physical money, itstrue; butwhatthen? They impossibility. That the ministers of are promoting the kingdom of G—'; him, ivho had no place to lay his head and God will reward them in hi» in, should be anxious about money to kingdom.

pay the rent of their houses and lodg- I cannot imagine, why the inferior

lag, appears somewhat ridiculous; elergy, or journeymen parsons, ihould

or that the ambassadors of him, ivho expect to eat and drink, and be

fafted forty days and forty nights, clothed like other men. Their ge

Ihould be solicitous for want of that neral talk is, to preach up self-denial

Iread ivhich perijheth, seems to fliew and mortification; and can any man

want of faith, as well as want of give greater force to such a.doctrine,

knowledge. When they consider that than when he exemplifies it through

m—red preachers, like the rich man in out life, not only from a principle

the gospel, are clothed in purple and of virtue, but likewise from a prin

fare delicately, while they, like La- ciple of necessity? The general ouf

zarus, are denied the very crumbs cry against the clergy is, that they

that fall from their tables, they can- seldom practise themselves, what they

not but remember the catastrophe of recommend to others; but in this

the one as well as the other; and case the inferior clergy are entirely

must rather choose to starve with the exculpated, because they cannot live

latter, than meet with the fate of otherwise, than they persuade their

the former. If they have a sincere flock to do. As for the benesiced

love of souls, they will endeavour to clergy, or mafter-parsons, they are

promote the salvatior. of them, whe- equally free from this censure, be.

ther they are feasted, or arc obliged cause, as they hardly ever preach them. Vol. I. M selves

{56 TheRifing of the inferior Clergy,

selves, it can hardly ever be said, that their lives are contrary to their doctrine.

Such considerations as these are sufficient to convince us, that it is improbable the inferior clergy should ever think of Rifing; or that, if they should, the attempt would appear the greatest impropriety and absurdity. Nay, it would argue them guilty of avarice; a vice which' I never knew laid to their charge. I have, indeed, known a leflursr, who received at the rate of four guineas per sermon, ask a brother clergyman to officiate for him gratis, though he knew he did not get twenty pounds per annum in the church, and had, Besides, a wife and children to provide for. The poor clergyman complied with the request of his brother without delay. Thus the' former saved his money; while the latter was engaged in the saving of fouls. I leave every one to determine, which was most to be honoured: arid I doubt not but the prayer of the lecturer is, Let brotherly love continue.

But as the inferior clergyman may not always be able to supply himself with a decent gown and linen on these occasions, the overflowings of his benevolence must consequently produce a sensibility of constraint, and all constraint produces uneasiness, and uneasiness sets the mind to work to find some relief, if not an effectual remedy.

From this succession of ideas I imagine some of the inferior clergy might unadvisedly think of Rifing; and I am positiv e that this has been the cafe of a clergyman of iny own acquaintance.

When he read the paragraph in the Daily Advertiser, declaring the lectureship of Shoreditch vacant, he had some thoughts of proposing himself as a candidate. With this design he applies to the churchwarden, who alked him liis nsme, and desired him

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lo demand an Increase tf tVages.

to shew him one of his hand-bills i

my did not look more aghast,

when he issued out on the riot night from the Mansion-house to feize all the mob himself, than our clergyman did, When he heard this question. However, he summoned up courage enough to answer the churchwarden, "That — he—did—not—know—> that — printed bills—were proper— to be — delivered -^—before he had the approbation of the vicar." The churchwarden, who has nothing of the insolence of office, told him very kindly, "That he was indeed of his opinion with respect to the impropriety of printing bills so soon; but as other gentlemen had done it, he did not know—but he begged his pardon." The clergyman having now surmounted his fears, took his leave of the churchwarden, who added, " that he need not doubt but that the parish would have a due regard to merit." The last sentence gave my friend, as he told me, some transport; he thought if merit was to succeed, he had some chance, for he was poor, and he was learned. Nothing distressed him now but the want of a dress to put him upon a footing with Mr. Romaine, the ordinary of Newgate, and the rest of the tvotntyfive, which composed the group of candidates. A distress, which has fo turned his brain, that he has thoughts of calling a meeting of his brethrefi in order to draw up an application to parliament, not considering, that if there should be a meeting, it is liable to meet with the censure of

the present 1—d m r, who may

issue out an advertisement against them, to the same tenor and purport% as that against the coalheavers. And indeed with great propriety. Fcrr the inferior clergy can urge nothing in their favour, but what the coalheavers and taylors have done before; them. They must set forth, " that they bear great buithens, or, in the scripture

Antedate relating to the Ear! of Essex. 87 scripture language, that though they plications are both improper and ri

bear the heat and burthen of the day, they are not as well paid as those that work but one hour ;—that they are starving—that they have numerous families to subsist by their labour, though the price of scnrrons

'diculous: and fire and stvord are very pernicious in their effects. I doubt not but the clergy would acquit themselves to the satisfaction of all true '•lovers of humanity, and receive the 'thanks of their primate as readily for

Tias not risen since the Reformation, sawing both the life and sail of their

and every necefl'ary of life has been brethren in Christ, as the • soldiers

continually increasing in value, Sec." have, who were thanked for destroying

These are the chief heads of the the liver and endangering the fouls

.petition of the inferior clergy; but of those whom they killed.

I could wish they would decline to It is a general opinion, that our

present it, till they have weighed it dreams are composed of those idea*

more maturely. In the mean while, 'as I am a, friend to the church, I 'would advise them to lay their scheme aside, and to- adopt another in its room.

As they belong to the church militant, and, as such, are engaged in wars of a dangerous nature, I would have them make an application to

which make a strong impression on the mind when we are awake; and I have reason to think, that this opinion is well grounded. For, while I was sitting in my chair, reflecting 011 the hardships of the inferior clergy, the uncharitableness of the dignitaries of the church, and the riots occa

sioned by the coalheavers, sailors, supersede the present guard at the King''r and taylors, I funk down insensibly Bench, and to have their pay added into the balmy arms of sleep; and to that, which they might make by my imagination realized the scene,

Jircaching and reading. This might be a means of enabling them to support themselves with greater dignity, and of sa ving the fouls of many a one, whom the disagreeable circumstances of fire and ball might send unprepared into the world of spirits. As the distemper of the mob is not external, but internal, all external ap

which I had been thinking on. I was presented with the sight of a real Rising of the inferior clergy; but as the art es design has an advantage over rhetoric in describing the objects of sight, I have sent you a draining of my dream for your own amusement, and the diversion of thti public.

To the Editors of the OXFORD MAGAZINE.

An Anecdote relating to the Earl of E
Lord-Keeper Ecert

AS I find, Gentlemen, by the X"\ tenor of your publications, you are the friends of liberty, and the encouragers of learning, Thave made Bold to offer the following anecdote' and letters to your consideration; and the more so, as the publication of them iriay afford amusement to the genql^m.en, who have the, happiness of

S Sex; and an Original, Letter from. O N on that Occasion.

residing at that scat of the Musts, which has given the title to your collections. '.•

IN the year I^O/S", in a council" held for appointing a proper person, for the administration of Ireland, queen Elizabeth was of opinion, that !jo one could be more proper, to fill' M% that

that post, than Sir William Knollys, the earl of Essex's uncle; his lordIhip, on the other hand, as ltrongly recommended SirGeorge Carew, with a view of removing him from the court: but finding that his recommendation had no effect upon her majesty, he turned, his back upon her in such a rude and contemptuous manner, as exasperated her to such a high degree, that she gave him a box on the ear, and bid him go and be hanged. Upon this, the earl put his hand to his sword; and, when t"he lord-admiralinterposed, swore, "that he neither could, nor nuould bear such an indignity; nor would nave taken it e-venfrom Henry VIII."—and so lest the court. The lord-keeper Egerton wrote him a letter upon this occasion; which, with the earl's answer, are subjoined, from the most correct copies that are to be met with.

The Lord-Keeper's letter, 15 Ocloier, 1598, is as follows:

** My -very good lord,

"IT is often seen, that he, that is a stander-by, seeth more than he, that playeth the game; and, for the most part, any man, in his own cause, siandeth in his own light, and seeth not so clearly as he should. Your lordship hath dealt in other men's caases, and in great and weighty affairs, with great wisdom and judgment. Now your own is in hand, you are not to contemn and refuse the advice of any that love you, how simple soever. In this order I rank myself, among; others that love you; none more simple, and none that loves you with more true and honest affection; which shall plead my excuse, 'f you should either mistake or misconstrue *my words or meaning: yet, in your lordship's honourable wisdom I neither doubt nor suspect the one nor the other. I will not presume to advise you, but moot my

bolt as near the mark as I can, and tell you what I think.

"The beginning and long continuance of this so unseasonable discontentment you have seen and proved, by which you may aim at th« end. If you hold still your course, which hitherto you find worse and worse (and the longer you tread this path, the farther you are still out of the way) there is little hope, or likelihood, that the end will be better than the beginning. You are not so far gone, but you may well return. The return is safe, but the progress dangerous and desperate, in this course you hold. If you have any enemies, you do that for them which they could never do for themselves; whilst you leave your friends to open lhame and contempt, forsake yourself, overthrow your fortunes, and ruinate your honour and reputation, giving that comfort to our foreign foes, as greater they cannot have. For what can be more welcome and pleasing news to them, than to hear, that her majesty and the realm are maimed of so worthy a member, who hath so often and so valiantly quailed and daunted them? You forsake your country, when it hath most need of your help and counsel; and lastly, you fail in your indissoluble duty, which you owe to your most gracious sovereign; a duty not imposed upon you by nature and policy only, but by the religious and sacred bond in which the divine majesty of God hath, by the rule of Christianity, obliged and bound you.

"For the sour first, yqpr constant resolution may perhaps move you to esteem them as light; but being well weighed, they are not lightly to be regarded; and for the two last, it may be, your private conscience may strive to content yourself; but it is enough. These duties stand not alone in contemplation and inward meditation; their effects are external, and

cannot

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